%% Image selected per Image Pickin' thread: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=1361625607031586900
%% Please do not replace or remove without starting a new thread.
[[quoteright:346:[[Manga/GeGeGeNoKitaro http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/youkai.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:343:[[Disney/TheManyAdventuresOfWinnieThePooh "They're extraordinary, so better be wary, because they come in every shape and size...!"]]]]

Youkai[[note]]alternative spelling Yōkai[[/note]] are a widely-varied collection of various supernatural creatures that pop up in UsefulNotes/{{Shinto}} religion. They have a lot in common with TheFairFolk. Some youkai are good, others are evil, and many are [[BlueAndOrangeMorality different]]. Some are mischievous, others avoid humans entirely. Shinto is an animist religion, and youkai are often associated with natural features such as forests and mountains. This word is often translated as "demon" in Western translations, but since that term is generally associated with [[AlwaysChaoticEvil pure evil]], that does not adequately describe the creatures in question -- they are more like TheFairFolk, spanning the entire moral range between good, mischievous, neutral, and actually evil. The closest true Western equivalent is probably that of the [[AncientRome ancient Roman]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genius_(mythology) genii]] or [[OurSpiritsAreDifferent spirits]].

Supernatural creatures drawn from Western sources often turn out to seem more like youkai in Japanese works. For instance, vampires.[[note]]See the section on oni below.[[/note]] In the West you've got Nosferatu -- a grotesque, undead monster who burns in sunlight and murders to preserve his hideous unlife. In Japan you've got [[CuteMonsterGirl exceptionally cute]] {{Fanservice}} protagonist [[Manga/RosarioToVampire Moka Akashiya]], who is not undead, harbors no ill-will towards the sun, and drinks tiny amounts of blood that leave her "victim" light-headed at worst, but who has a SuperpoweredEvilSide who can (and will if you look at her the wrong way) kick your ass thoroughly.

''Henge'', a subset of youkai, are magical animals with ShapeShifting powers and human intelligence. They often [[HumanityEnsues assume human form]] and get into all kinds of mischief. Kinds of ''henge'' include Kitsune, Tanuki, and Nekomata.

''Obake'' is another Japanese word that can indicate some type of monster. Derived from the word for “to change”, it generally covers the subset of youkai that includes shapeshifting animals (hence the terms ''bake-gitsune'', ''bake-neko'', etc.) as well as {{Animate Inanimate Object}}s. Confusingly, however, the word ''obake'' can also be used to refer to ghosts, also known as ''yuurei''. See StringyHairedGhostGirl for more information.

''Ayakashi'' is a word which is roughly synonymous with "youkai" in current day usage, though traditionally it referred to a ghost that appears at sea during a shipwreck.

Many types of youkai were codified during the Edo period in the works of Toriyama Sekien. The genre of manga that deals with Youkai was founded by Shigeru Mizuki ([[CoolOldGuy 1922—2015]]), who was obsessed with Youkai ever since he was a child. The TropeCodifier of modern youkai manga is his ever-popular Manga/GeGeGeNoKitaro that has received an anime adaption at least once a decade since it was written.

The list presented below is by no means complete. Many types of Youkai are exceedingly rare to find in modern media and so are not included. On the other hand, some have garnered enough examples to warrant their own pages.

Youkai with their own pages:
* [[HitodamaLight Hitodama]]\\
Wispy lights that hover around ghosts and possessed people.
* {{Kappa}}\\
A "river goblin" resembling a cross between a monkey and a turtle.
* {{Karakasa}}\\
An old umbrella come to life.
* {{Kitsune}}\\
Foxes, treated in mythology as having great supernatural powers.
* {{Oni}}\\
A huge, muscular humanoid, similar to ogres.
* [[StringyHairedGhostGirl Onryo]]\\
A vengeful female ghost, usually with long, stringy black hair and pale skin.
* {{Orochi}}\\
A giant, multi-headed snake.
* {{Tanuki}}\\
A real animal also known as the "raccoon dog", treated in mythology as a shapeshifting trickster.
* {{Tengu}}\\
Mountain-dwelling humanoids which either have long noses or resemble crows.
* {{Yukionna}}\\
A pale snow spirit lady.
* ZashikiWarashi\\
A childlike spirit that should be cared for to keep the one's house in good fortune.

'''Nekomata''': A seemingly ordinary cat that develops magical nature through long life. It looks like an ordinary house cat except for the tail, which [[MultipleTailedBeast splits into two at half-length]]. While much smarter than it used to be, a nekomata remains just as whimsical, which may be dangerous with its new-found powers of [[MasterOfIllusion illusion]] and {{necromancy}}. It's said a cat will become a nekomata after turning 100 years old, where upon its tail splits, [[TalkingAnimal it starts using human speech]], somehow gains [[VoluntaryShapeshifting transformation]] powers, a greater intelligence, and other odd abilities. The name is often used and confused for {{catgirl}}s. May be a MegaNeko.

A more general term for cat youkai is ''bakeneko'', but almost all modern depictions of bakeneko will at least allude to the nekomata's signature split tail.

The ''Kasha'', a mysterious grave-robbing youkai, is usually depicted as a nekomata WreathedInFlames (specifically {{Hellfire}}).

[[folder: Nekomata Examples]]
* The two-tailed demon-beast in ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' is a two-tailed cat.
* Espeon and Meowstic in ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' are based off of this legend.
* Chen and Orin from the ''[[VideoGame/{{Touhou}} Touhou Project]]''. Orin, though, is a [[http://www.catgirls.org.uk/mythology/japan.html#kasha Kasha,]] a different type of youkai cat.
* ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' fanfics ''[[https://www.fanfiction.net/s/11989539/1/Hakkōna Hakkōna]]'' and ''[[https://www.fanfiction.net/s/12023508/1/Kaitō-Kokoro Kaitō Kokoro]]'': Kiku is basically a Henge version of a nekomata known within both stories as a [[PunnyName nekomataneko]] with the "nekomata" referencing the nekomata characteristics and the "neko" referencing the base human form with cat features.
* Found in the ''Franchise/{{Disgaea}}'' series (and are used in quick leveling tricks in BOTH the first and second ones). They are more {{Cat Girl}}s, however. Capable of producing offspring with humans, as Rutile is half nekomata.
* Natsuki, the CatGirl protagonist of ''Manga/HyperPolice'' is revealed to be a nekomata in a moment of anger (her tail splits in two)
* Tora of ''Manga/UshioAndTora'' is named for his tiger-like appearance.
* Kirara in ''Manga/InuYasha'' takes the form of a two-tailed kitten that can transform into a massive feline beast.
* A monster type in ''VideoGame/{{Wild ARMs 2}}''.
* A common demon/Persona in the ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTensei'' franchise.
* One of the forms of the ''thing'' inside Touko's briefcase in ''LightNovel/KaraNoKyoukai''.
* Jubei and [[spoiler:his daughter]] Kokonoe (a CatGirl version of this) in ''VideoGame/BlazBlue''. Appropriately, the latter does bring people back from the dead, although since magic is commonplace in that world she uses science to keep the mysterious powers theme. [[{{Cyborg}} Iron]] [[HalfHumanHybrid Tager]] is the result.
** The character Hakumen contemptuously calls them both "bakeneko" (monster/ghost cat), which in Japanese mythology is a general term for any cat Youkai. The video games translated this word as "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grimalkin Grimalkin]]" in an attempt at a CulturalTranslation (which failed, since "grimalkin" is about as obscure as "bakeneko" to an American audience). Official subtitles for ''Anime/BlazBlueAlterMemory'' use "Goblin Cat" instead (which is more accurate and conveys Hakumen's insulting tone).
* In ''Manga/{{Mokke}}'', one episode centers around a nekomata.
* The X-Antibody version of Tailmon from ''Franchise/{{Digimon}}'' is two-tailed.
* One of the protagonists of ''Manga/OmamoriHimari'' is a shapeshifting cat.
* Rin's familiar Kuro (Blacky) in ''Manga/BlueExorcist'' is a two-tailed Cait Sith, and can grow to become [[MegaNeko gigantic]].
* One episode of ''Anime/{{Kamichu}}'' has a cat named Tyler who is leader of a "city of the cats" where all cats can walk upright and speak. Later, he is explicitly revealed to be a nekomata while tag-team wrestling.
* Compared to other werecats in the ''Monster Girl Encyclopedia'', the Nekomatas are rather tame and even give up on a man should he refuse her advance. They are still monsters though, and will eventually assault their prey to take his spirit energy. Unlike in the myth, Nekomata in this series are this way since birth. And since this world is filled with [[CuteMonsterGirl Cute Monster Girls]], her forms are inverted, with the human form being the true one.
* ''Manga/CatGod'': Mayu and Sasana as well as their family are [[CatGirl cat]] gods.
* Matamune from ''Manga/ShamanKing''.
* ''Literature/AlicesAdventuresInWonderland'': The Cheshire cat may or may not be 100 or so years old, and he clearly doesn't have two tails, but he's otherwise a surprisingly close Western analogue to the nekomata. This is almost certainly a case of StrangeMindsThinkAlike, since it's unlikely Lewis Carroll would have heard of the Nekomata.
* The mother of one of the main characters of ''Literature/EightMillionGods'' is one.
* A nekomata was a MonsterOfTheWeek in ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger''.
* Koneko and her sister Kuroka in ''Manga/{{High School DxD}}''
* Miike, the protagonist of the ''[[VideoGame/MuramasaTheDemonBlade Muramasa: Rebirth]]'' DLC "Fishy Tales of the Nekomata", is a nekomata who can transform into a two-tailed cat, a CatGirl, a gigantic, monstrous two-tailed cat, and a floating head made up of cats.
* The SeriesMascot Jibanyan and most of the other cat Yo-Kai in ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch'' are cat youkai with two flame-tipped tails.
* Saint Purrtrick from ''VideoGame/NekoAtsume'' is actually one of these, hence his two tails and "Ethereal" description. His Japanese name is even "Nekomata-san".
* ''Franchise/SuperSentai'':
** ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger'': A cat youkai simply called "Bakeneko" appears as the MonsterOfTheWeek in the show's eighth episode, while a Kasha who looks more like the Wanyuudou mentioned below appears in episode 47. The latter was adapted for ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'' as Miss Chief.
** ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger'': The body-swapping ayakashi Abekonbe (Switchbeast in ''Series/PowerRangersSamurai'') is based on the Kasha.
** ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger'' has two Nekomata brothers as MonstersOfTheWeek renamed Cat O'Clock and Cleocatra for ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaSteel''. Additionally, a Kasha renamed Spinferno for ''Ninja Steel'' appeared early on in the series.


'''Tsukumogami''': [[AnimateInanimateObject Inanimate objects]] that come to life after a hundred years. These can range from weapons to clothes to umbrellas. Well-known traditional examples include ''{{karakasa}}'' (paper umbrellas), ''ittan-momen'' (a floating strip of cotton cloth), ''biwa-bokuboku'' and ''koto-furunushi'' (stringed musical instruments) and ''burabura'' (lanterns). Strangely, they avoid electrical energy in common folklore from the 1940s and it is said that no modern object could ever become a Tsukumogami.

[[folder: Tsukumogami Examples]]
* In ''Manga/LoveHina'', there is the Tsukumogami called "Moe", a near life-sized doll/puppet who comes to life about halfway through the series, disappears after spending some time with Keitaro, and reappears in the sequel {{OVA}} ''Love Hina Again''.
* ''Manga/AsagiriNoMiko'' has two Tsukumogami among its characters.
* Ichimoku Ren from ''Anime/HellGirl'' is a Tsukumogami; specifically, he is the spirit of a sword. He was given a human form by Enma Ai, so he could better work for her.
* ''Manga/OmamoriHimari'' features as one of its protagonists a Tsukumogami based in an English teacup.
* The Luggage from {{Literature/Discworld}} acts a lot like a Tsukumogami, and even comes from the Asian FantasyCounterpartCulture, though it's actually made of "Sapient Pearwood".
* Bob from ''[[Anime/HakushonDaimao Bob in a Bottle]]'' disguises himself as one, sometimes.
* A variation of Tsukumogami, known as "The Animated", are the primary enemies in the ''Website/GaiaOnline'' MMO: ''zOMG!''. Players can encounter animated Cotton Balls, Garlic Cloves, Purses, and even imperialistic ''Lawn Gnomes''. Other enemies (including other youkai) exist as well.
* ''Karakasa-kozō'' (umbrella) and ''Chōchin-obake'' (lantern) in ''[[VideoGame/{{Onmyoji}} Onmyōji]]''
* Several Franchise/{{Pokemon}} appear to be based on [[AnimateInanimateObject Tsukumogami]]; unusually, some of these are modern objects, and indeed Electric-types. These include Magnemite (magnets), Voltorb (Poké Ball), Gardevoir (possibly anesama ningyou, a style of paper doll), Shedinja (the discarded exoskeleton of a Nincada after it evolves), Nosepass (Moai statue), Baltoy ([[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakokidogu shakokidogu]]), Shuppet (TeruTeruBozu, a Japanese paper doll resembling a ghost), Banette (Voodoo doll), Bronzor (a bronze mirror), Bronzong (a bronze bell), Rotom's forms (refrigerator, lawnmower, oven, fan, washing machine), the Klink line (gears), Darumaka and Darmanitan (Daruma statues), Trubbish and Garbodor (garbage bags), Litwick (candle), Lampent (lantern), Chandelure (chandelier), the Vanillite line (ice cream cones), the Honedge line (swords) and Klefki (keychain). Though one would wonder how a candle or an ice cream cone would last the required hundred years without melting long before them.
* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'':
** Kogasa Tatara is a {{Karakasa}}. However, the umbrella creates a projection of a human-like body to carry around the Umbrella.
** Medicine Melancholy may or may not be a doll Tsukumogami.
** Hata no Kokoro is a varation of this that's known as a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menreiki menreiki]].
** ''Double Dealing Character'' introduces Benben Tsukumo, a biwa tsukumogami, Yatsuhashi Tsukumo, a koto tsukumogami, and Raiko Horikawa, a taiko tsukumogami ([[AlmightyJanitor although she also has thunder god characteristics as well]]).
* ''Manga/{{Rinne}}'' features a "Tsukumogami sticker" which when placed on an object gives it the ability to talk.
* In Creator/CatherynneMValente's ''[[Literature/TheGirlWhoCircumnavigatedFairylandInAShipOfHerOwnMaking The Girl Who Circumnavigated Fairyland in a Ship of Her Own Making]]'', September is attacked by a bunch of these on the Marquess's orders.
* There's a one volume manga called ''Tsukumo Happy Soul'' that involves Tsukumogami. While some are fairly normal, the main character's Tsukumogami is a pink vibrator she inherited from her mom that can turn into a boy. It is a bit ecchi, but it ran in a shonen magazine so it's more gag ecchi.
* The Anthology ''Literature/{{Bordertown}}'' contains the short story "Demon" which has a Tsukumogami in the form of a teapot.
* This can be the only explanation for a good half of the [[SoBadItsGood monstrosities]] strewn throughout Steve Moraff's ''[[http://bimshwel.com/renk/moraff/unforgiven.htm Dungeons of the Unforgiven]]''.
* ''Manga/RosarioToVampire'': Kozo from the Fan Club Coalition.
* Yura of the Hair in ''Manga/{{Inuyasha}}'' turns out to be a comb that became a youkai after being used to comb the hair of hundreds of corpses.
* In the ''VideoGame/{{Izuna}}'' games, not only are some of the standard Tsukumogami found as enemies, you can actually make your own! The more you use a weapon, the more its "LUV" stat increases. When it hits 100, you can burn in a Tsukumo talisman to turn the weapon itself into a talisman; anything you stick it on will gain that weapon's special abilities. (It only works on weapons, not armour.) Make enough of these and you can get all the best powers in the game on a single claw.
* ''Manga/GeGeGeNoKitaro'' has an ''ittan-momen'' whom Kitaro and his friends often ride on. It is weakened when it gets wet.
* ''VideoGame/AdventureQuestWorlds'' has a place called the Yokai Junkyard filled with tsukumogami, the specific types being Bakezouri, Biwa-Bokuboku, Bura-Bura, [[{{Karakasa}} Kara-Kasa]] and Koto-Furunushi.
* ''Manga/{{Tsugumomo}}'' revolves around these, both good and bad.
* ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch'' features various yo-kai of this sort, such as hat yo-kai, remote yo-kai, and umbrella yo-kai.
* In ''Manga/SazanEyes'', in the second part of the manga, an amnesiac Pai is targeted by living marionettes (who can take human form) who want to force her to make their "father" immortal (despite his death, a phenomenon that they cannot understand). To drive the point home, their creator's name is Soichi ''Tsugumo''.
* ''Manga/UshioAndTora'' has a killer marionette Youkai who needs hearts from young women to charge its mechanism. Later on the author shows a rare example of "modern" Tsukumogami with Ikkaku, a swordfish-like, speed-eating demon born from a motorbike and forcibly possessing people to make it drive faster and faster.
* In the fanfic ''FanFic/{{Kamikakushi}}'', we have three. Botan, a boroboroton (futon-Tsukumogami), Churippu, an ichiren-bozu (prayer-bead-Tsukumogami) and Higanbana, koto-furunushi (koto-Tsukumogami).
* Many Tsukumogami MonstersOfTheWeek in ''Franchise/SuperSentai''.
** Ittan-momen appear in ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger'' and ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger'', while ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger'' had an ayakashi based on it as well. The one from ''Ninninger'' appears in ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaSteel'' as Abrakadanger.
** Burabura appear in ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger'' and ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger'' (or a monster based on one in the latter's case), although they're referred as ''Chochin-Obake'' instead. The ''Kakuranger'' example appeared in ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'' as Lanterra.
** Lesser-known Tsukumogami
*** The Ungaikyo, a Tsukumogami based on a mirror, appears in ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger'', but is instead based on a satellite dish. Appeared in ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaSteel'' as Hacktrack.
*** The Shirouneri, a Tsukumogami based on a dirty rag, was in ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger''.
*** The Kameosa, a Tsukumogami based on a jug, appears in ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger''. Due to ''kame'' also being Japanese for "turtle" and all Gedoshu having the features of aquatic life, his appearance is combined with a turtle.


'''Baku''': A relatively benign example, being a creature with an elephant-like head that [[DreamStealer eats bad dreams]]. In modern Japanese the word ''baku'' can also refer to tapirs - when introduced to Japan, they bore such an uncanny resemblance to the mythological baku that they were assumed to be the same thing, and heavily influenced its later depictions. No relation to the capital of UsefulNotes/{{Azerbaijan}}.

[[folder: Baku Examples]]
* The second ''Manga/UruseiYatsura'' movie and the chapter/episode it was loosely adapted from feature a baku.
* ''Manga/NightmareInspector'' has a baku for a main character, who helps rid people of their nightmares in return for being allowed to eat said nightmares.
* They are called Dream Eaters (''yume-kui'') in ''[[VideoGame/{{Onmyoji}} Onmyōji]]''.
* Baku make an appearance in ''Comicbook/TheSandman: The Dream Hunters''.
* In ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVI'', when a character wakes up from Sleep status on his or her own, a small baku comes by to "eat" their dreams away.
* The Franchise/{{Pokemon}} Drowzee (and by extension, Hypno), Munna, and Musharna are baku. [[VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite Munna]] and Musharna also take cues from cartoon "dream clouds".
* ''Webcomic/YuMeDream'' contains "a giant elephant-ram-boar-bear thing with purple hair" called a baku. It does live in the dream world, and attempts to eat the main characters' party.
* Tapir, the wizard from ''VideoGame/{{Cocoron}}'', eventually turns out to be a baku who you have to fight in the game's final battle.
* ''[[VideoGame/DarkCloud Dark Cloud 2 / Dark Chronicle]]'' features a mini-boss in Starlight Canyon called the Memo-Eater, an obese monster with a tapir's nose that possesses a girl and [[LaserGuidedAmnesia eats her memories]].
* In ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' a Baku appears [[spoiler: as Danzou's summoning]] and looks like a huge, tuskless fierce elephant, able to suck anything in his trunk.
* The baku from ''Manga/HellTeacherNube'' instead of being a benign creature that ate nightmares, ate ''good'' dreams and left its victims in a state of utter, suicide-inducing despair. It was actually composed of hundreds of tortured souls who moaned and writhed in the vague shape of the tapir.
* [[Anime/DigimonAdventure02 Bakumon]] of ''{{Franchise/Digimon}}'', goes by the name Tapirmon in the dub.
* The FinalBoss of ''VideoGame/{{Parodius}}'' for the {{UsefulNotes/MSX}} is a baku named Bug (a PunnyName that works better in Japanese).
* Baku from ''Anime/OnegaiMyMelody'', a tapir who has been known to eat black notes, which are basically manifested nightmares.
* Merry Nightmare from ''Manga/YumekuiMerry'' has powers revolving around dreams and nightmares, and she has a strong baku motif.
* The film ''Literature/{{Paprika}}'' ends with [[spoiler: the heroine getting rid of a destructive dream-turned-real this way]].
* The baku of ''TabletopGame/LegendOfTheFiveRings'' are malevolent. They still eat bad dreams, but they eat their victim's memories as well.
* The character Luna from ''[[VideoGame/AnimalCrossing Animal Crossing: New Leaf]]'' is a Baku and fittingly runs the Dream Suite.
* Doremy Sweet from the ''[[VideoGame/{{Touhou}} Touhou Project]]''.
* One of the ''Webcomic/{{Weregeek}}'' cast played a baku in the [[TabletopGame/ChangelingTheLost Changeling]] run. The [[TalkativeLoon Talking Guy]] [[PopCulturalOsmosis thought it was a]] [[Franchise/{{Pokemon}} Drowzee]].
* Baku from ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch'' is one of the few yo-kai who didn't get a DubNameChange. He is a purple baku who is said to put people to sleep before eating their dreams. In ''Yo-Kai Watch 2'' he is a story character.
* Baku-based monsters are quite common in ''Franchise/SuperSentai''.
** ''Series/DaiSentaiGoggleFive'' had a MonsterOfTheWeek called Baku Mozoo, although he was more of a tapir-based creature.
** One MonsterOfTheWeek in ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger'' was Bakuki, who appeared in [[SixthRanger Ninjaman]]'s debut episode. While he claims to be a modern version of the Baku, he looks nothing like one, being a hooded demon-like being instead. Was renamed Vampirus for ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers''.
** Nightmare Ninja Yumebakushi from ''Series/NinpuuSentaiHurricaneger'' could place children into a deep dream that they would never wake up from, turning them into stone. Adapted as Starvark for ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaStorm''.
** Yumebakura from ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger'' (Rhinosnorus in ''Series/PowerRangersSamurai''), like all ayakashi, claims to be the inspiration for a youkai. In his case, his dream-based powers and amalgamation of rhinoceros, elephant, tiger, and ox body parts make him the Baku.
** ''Series/TensouSentaiGoseiger'' has Elmgaim of the Baku, who combines his motifs with a velvet worm and [[Franchise/NightmareOnElmStreet Freddy Kreuger]]. Appears in ''Series/PowerRangersMegaForce'' as Dream Snatcher.
** A purse-based Baku appeared in ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger'', renamed Smellephant for ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaSteel''.
** Yumepakkun from ''Series/UchuSentaiKyuranger'' is a Baku-like alien who consumes the dreams of children.


'''Kamaitachi''': Weasel-like creatures that attack in trios: the first one knocks down a traveler with a gust of wind, the second cuts the traveler with its sickle-like claws, and the third applies an ointment that stops the bleeding, leaving the victim with bloodless but inexplicably large and painful wounds. They're essentially the personification of the pain felt during a bitterly cold wind.

[[folder:Kamaitachi Examples]]
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'': Temari, a special technique that involves summoning a kamaitachi. She is the [[BlowYouAway wind user]], while the Kamaitachi does the cutting. The only time it was used, the opponent was too dead to notice if the bleeding had stopped.
* One of the Geomancer skills in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyTactics'' is a wind attack called Kamaitachi that can trigger the Paralyze (i.e. Don't Act) Status Ailment.
* Among the first enemies Sir Arthur faces in ''[[VideoGame/GhostsNGoblins Ghouls 'n Ghosts]]'' are kamaitachi, depicted as small floating creatures with scythes that turn into tornados.
* ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'':
** Sneasel and Weavile are kamaitachi.
** [[VideoGame/PokemonRubyandSapphire Linoone]] also resembles one. [[VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite Mienshao]] too, except without the blades.
* In ''VideoGame/LaMulana,'' Kamaitachi first shows up as a MiniBoss in the Graveyard of the Giants, and reappears in Hell Temple.
* The tenth movie of ''Manga/OnePiece'' feature, among the other creatures under Shiki's rule, the Tsujigiri Itachi (killer weasel) and they actually wield small scythes with blades made from a Kenju (sword-tree) leaf.
* Appears as a monster and attainable ''shikigami'' in ''[[VideoGame/{{Onmyoji}} Onmyōji]]'' as a weasel version of the TotemPoleTrench.
* The kamaitachi show up in ''Manga/HellTeacherNube'' in all their glory: the eldest sibling carried a cudgel to knock people over or inflict severe bruises; the middle sibling's forelegs were shaped like {{absurdly sharp blade}}s which could literally cut up anything and anyone; the youngest carried a jar filled with a mending balm. Makoto inadvertently took the latter as a pet, and, as the elder ones tried to find it, they brought catastrophe to the town --nearly killing Nube by slicing him in half until Makoto finally released the younger kamaitachi and it healed the teacher with its balm.
* ''VideoGame/DigimonWorld3'' Kyuukimon (not to be confused with the aforementioned Kyuubimon) and [[Anime/DigimonSavers Reppamon]] of ''{{Franchise/Digimon}}''.
* ''VideoGame/MuramasaTheDemonBlade'' features a series of swords, going from 3 Kamaitachi to 5 Kamaitachi. The user spins holding the sword out in a rainbow like arc, and the number indicates the total of clones plus the user that use the move.
* The Mink Noise from ''VideoGame/TheWorldEndsWithYou'' are based on Kamaitachi. All of them have long claws and a tendency to [[SpinAttack make themselves into whirlwinds]]. There's even a pair fought together as an OptionalBoss.
* Itaku from ''Manga/NuraRiseOfTheYokaiClan'' is a kamaitachi that can appear as a ninja or as a weasel-faced demon.
* Izaya from ''{{LightNovel/Durarara}}'' jokes that he's a kamaitachi after shaving a thug's head with his knife in a split second.
* A wind fusion attack from ''{{VideoGame/Persona 2}}''.
* The third player character in ''VideoGame/TheNinjaWarriorsAgain''.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Okami}}'', the Kamaitachi (translated as Poltergeist) come in the form of three sickle-wielding weasels that can fight separately or join their weapons together to form a wheel of blades. Instead of just [[BlowYouAway wind]] they can also use the elements of [[PlayingWithFire fire]], [[ShockAndAwe lightning]] and [[AnIcePerson ice]].
* Two sets of Kamaitachi siblings appear in ''Manga/UshioAndTora''. The first help the heroes out (and one even falls for Tora, though he doesn't return it), the second are PsychosForHire. Most notably, they can conjure their sickle blades from their bodies even when in human form.
* Kamaitachi can be summoned by the Ten Thunders faction in ''TabletopGame/{{Malifaux}}''.
* The Yosenju archetype in ''TabletopGame/YuGiOh''. Yosenju Kamaitachi is the gust of wind (Returns an opponent's card to the hand), Yosenju Kamanitachi cuts the opponent (Can attack directly), and Yosenju Kamamitachi applies the ointment (Adds a Yosenju to your hand).
* Kamaitachi-style enemies appear in ''VideoGame/NamcoXCapcom'', and subsequently the ''VideoGame/EndlessFrontier'' and ''VideoGame/ProjectXZone'' games.
* ''Franchise/SuperSentai'':
** Kamaitachi appear MonstersOfTheWeek in ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger'' and ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger'' (with the latter being adapted in ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaSteel'' as brothers Ripperat and Trapsaw).
** The RazorWind powers of Ootsumuji in ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger'' / Scorpionic in ''Series/PowerRangersSamurai'' are based on the Kamaitachi.


'''Tsuchinoko''': A snake-like creature with a wide/fat body. It is mostly harmless to most people, unless awoken from its sleep as its venom can fell a man instantly. Seems to have developed from sightings of snakes that managed to snare a particularly large meal.

[[folder: Tsuchinoko Examples]]
* In ''Anime/KemonoFriends'' one of the [[MoeAnthropomorphism Friends]] is a tsuchinoko. Appropriately, she's shy and likes to hang out in secluded areas.
* You can catch a tsuchinoko if you're lucky in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3SnakeEater''. [[FridgeLogic Which is odd]], since it takes place in Russia. The team congratulates you when you do and you get an achievement (in the [[UpdatedRerelease HD remake]]).
* The Franchise/{{Pokemon}} Dunsparce is a tsuchinoko.
* Several shorts exclusive to the ''Anime/OccultAcademy'' [=DVDs=] center around a pet tsuchinoko kept by Maya and Ami.
* There's a tsuchinoko as a particularly elusive enemy that serves as a MetalSlime in ''VideoGame/CastlevaniaAriaOfSorrow''. Not because it drops a lot of money if killed, but because possessing its soul reduces prices at the shop. It appears in a single room, and not every time you enter it, and tends to disappear quickly.
* In ''{{VideoGame/Touhou}}'' canon, specifically ''Strange and Bright Nature Deity'', Marisa adopted a rather cute tsuchinoko as a pet after chasing it out of a fairy's house.
* One of ''VideoGame/YoKaiWatch'''s {{Ensemble Darkhorse}}s is a literal Tsuchinoko, named "Noko" in the English version. There's also a variant called Tsuchinoko Panda (named "Pandanoko" in English), who has a panda's black and white coloration.

'''Nurikabe''': A monster that takes the form of [[LivingStructureMonster an animate section of wall]]. It has the power to turn invisible, and likes to use this power to impede travelers. Interesting enough, its common depiction of being an animated wall is somewhat of [[NewerThanTheyThink a modern representation]]. Originally during the Edo period, one of its early depictions was that of a three-eyed grotesque vaguely dog-like creature. Over time, its depiction changed to a literal wall with limbs and very vague features.

[[folder: Nurikabe Examples]]
* It's the name of a type of paper-and-pen puzzle. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nurikabe_%28puzzle%29 See the Wikipedia article for more details.]]
* In ''{{VideoGame/Okami}}'', there’s a family of nurikabe that go by the name "Blockhead." They claim to be "the only one", though.
* The ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'' series has the recurring Demon Wall boss. which also acts like an AdvancingWallOfDoom. In ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyIV'' it lies in the Sealed Cave and blocks the way to the last Dark Crystal, and in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII'' it's the last obstacle in the Ancient Temple.
* Wall Face and Doom's Wall from ''VideoGame/SecretOfMana''
* The Monol monsters from ''Videogame/MonsterRancher''.
* Appears as a monster and attainable ''shikigami'' in ''[[VideoGame/{{Onmyoji}} Onmyōji]]''.
* Whomps and Wallops from the ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'' series. In the ''VideoGame/MarioParty'' series, they often block pathways just like the real Nurikabe.
* In the ''Series/PunkyBrewster'' episode "The Perils of Punky", Allen is taken by the spirit and turned into one.
* One appears in episode 2 of ''Manga/InuXBokuSS''
* ''Petopeto-san'' has Nuri-chan, one of Hatoko's classmates. She is humanoid, but made out of concrete. Her little sister is more of a wall-shaped creature with arms and legs.
* Nurikabe (translated as "False Wall") is a name for an enemy in ''VideoGame/SenranKagura 2: Deep Crimson'', though it appears as a large RockMonster with crystals sticking out of its body, one of them hiding a girl what has been fused into the monster.
* ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch'' has Noway ("Murikabe" in the original version). While it doesn't physically block people from passing through, it can make anyone it inspirits refuse to do anything they're asked to.
* Bastiodon from the ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' series resembles the early depictions of nurikabe, being a stocky dinosaur with a large, flat face that acts as a shield.
* Brick Bully from ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'' is based on the Nurikabe, since his counterpart in ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger'' was one.
** Forcefear from ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaSteel'' was also a Nurikabe in ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger''. Befitting of the mythical youkai's ability to block one from passing, this Nurikabe is instead based on a railroad gate.
** The giant form of Futagawara from ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger'' (Skarf for ''Series/PowerRangersSamurai'') possesses giant shields on his arms that turn him into a living wall like the Nurikabe he's based on.


'''Rokurokubi and Nukekubi''': These two creatures are [[WhatMeasureIsANonHuman Humanoid]] monsters; the Rokurokubi are human by day but have extremely elastic necks during the night, while nukekubi can detach their heads from their necks and float away in search of human flesh.

[[folder: Rokurokubi and Nukekubi Examples]]
* ''ComicBook/{{Hellboy}}'' story "Heads" has him accidentally running across a household of ''Nukekubi''. Needless to say, he hits them and pokes fun at them.
** The OVA ''WesternAnimation/HellboyAnimated: Sword of Storms'' includes a scene that's an almost word-for-word adaptation of "Heads". In another scene, Hellboy encounters female Rokurokubi.
* In ''Manga/YuYuHakusho'', one demon that showed himself to Yusuke after the [[TournamentArc Hell Tournament Arc]], with news on his [[MysteriousParent demon ancestor]] was an example of a Rokurokubi with surprisingly human looks for a demon. It was nighttime as well.
* Rokurokubi are a HUGE part of ''Manga/HellTeacherNube'', as the {{Genre Blind|ness}} Miki [[SchmuckBait insists on trying out techniques for astral projection]] and, instead, ends up turning ''herself'' into a rokurokubi. She's [[PowerIncontinence unable to control this state]] at first, and honestly believes that Nube, as the resident exorcist, will kill her because she's become a youkai, but he simply shows her how to control this new side of herself and the ability to extend her neck (sometimes across town) becomes another aspect of her personality... one that she uses incessantly to play pranks, annoy others, and, on at least one occasion, save the lives of herself and her friends.
* The Literature/FightingFantasy gamebook ''Literature/SwordOfTheSamurai'' had the protagonist visit an entire village of nukekubi, though the book mistakenly referred to them as rokorokubi.
* In ''[[VideoGame/{{Onmyoji}} Onmyōji]]'', there is a creature called No-neck (''kubinashi'') whose head floats over his body. Appears as NPC, monster and attainable ''shikigami''.
* In the ''Series/PunkyBrewster'' episode "The Perils of Punky," Cheri is taken by the Spirit and turned into either a rokorokubi or a nukekubi (you cannot really tell),
* ''Manga/RosarioToVampire'': Kubisaki from the Fan Club Coaltion is a rokurokubi.
* Kubinashi from ''Manga/NuraRiseOfTheYokaiClan'' is a nukekubi.
* The [[MemeticMutation viral]] Team Fortress 2 video [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gvdf5n-zI14 nope.avi]] seems to reference rokurokubi.
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUpgl5uAAe0 Or submarine periscopes.]]
* Sekibanki of ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' is officially called a Rokurokubi, but has flying head related abilities closer to a Nukekubi. However, her one spell card that directly references the Rokurokubi gives her flying head a stretchy neck.
* At one point in ''Literature/{{Pact}}'', Blake encounters a group of Others in the form of Japanese women who can "unspool" their internal organs into a long neck, or detach their heads entirely (though reattaching them is implied to be difficult). He notes that they don't seem very strong, and that the mage commanding them likely uses them as scouts rather than fighters.
* Rokurokubi are one of the "Classic" Yo-Kai introduced in ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch 2''. The English version renames her "Lady Longnek".
* The Gamin-Sama from ''Manga/UshioAndTora'' are a family of five, monstrous nukekubi (grandfather, mother, father, son and daughter)who are accidentally fred by workers and proceed to wreak havoc looking for the woman who sealed them, [[TheWorfEffect only to run into Tora who's annoyed enough to teach them a lesson or two.]] Also according to Tora, they come from China and they're also known as "Hitoban" (Barbaric Flying Heads).
* A Rokurokubi married to a {{Kappa}} appeared in as a MonsterOfTheWeek in the first two episodes of ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger''.


'''Tsuchigumo and Jorougumo''': These [[GiantSpider spiders are monstrous in size]] (as big or bigger than a man) that can take human form to seduce travelers. Jorougumo uses a lure to attract travelers to feed her offspring, and often has the power to allure men with a song. Others act as a ShapeshiftingLover. Tsuchigumo can also use illusions to keep his webs hidden and make people ill in order to feed on them.

In modern Japanese, "otsuchigumo" also refers to tarantulas, and "jorougumo" to the golden orb-weaver spider.

[[folder:Tsuchigumo and Jorogumo Examples]]
* The Ero-Game ''VisualNovel/AtlachNacha'' has a Jorogumo attempting to blend in with human society. She doesn't do very well with men, but meets a [[SchoolgirlLesbians very nice girl...]]
* Yamame Kurodani from ''[[VideoGame/{{Touhou}} Touhou Project]]'' is a Tsuchigumo.
* A {{Pun}}ny example in the ''TableTopGame/YuGiOh'' card Jirai Gumo ("Landmine Spider"), which lurks underground and pops out to attack people who pass by.
* The first boss of ''{{VideoGame/Okami}}'' is based on the Jorogumo (translated as Spider Queen). You later meet the Tsuchigumo (Bandit Spiders) as BonusBoss.
* One appears in ''WesternAnimation/HellboyAnimated: Sword of Storms''
* One appears in ''Manga/XxxHolic''.
* ''Manga/RosarioToVampire'' has Keito as one.
* ''Film/ThroneOfBlood'', [[Creator/AkiraKurosawa Kurosawa Akira's]] adaptation of ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'', exchanges [[TheLostWoods Birnam Wood]] for Spider's Web Forest, possibly invoking these creatures from Japanese folklore.
* Though it may have been entirely unintentional, the eponymous creature of Creator/StephenKing's ''Literature/{{It}}'' has much in common with this particular brand of youkai. Its true form is a gigantic spider, and throughout the story appears in several humanoid shapes, most notably [[MonsterClown Pennywise the Clown]]. The balloons are strictly of King's invention, though.
* The Kumogashira demons in ''Manga/InuYasha''. Also the main villain, [[MeaningfulName Onigumo]]/Naraku is strictly associated with spiders. A more traditional-looking spider demon with an ogre's head was used by Naraku to lure Sango's family into a trap.
* A Tsuchigumo is fought in a web-filled castle room in ''VideoGame/MuramasaTheDemonBlade''. He captures Torahime and her soldiers, and is fought alongside his children, who also appear earlier in the dungeon leading to him.
* In the ''Monster Girl Encyclopedia', Jorogumo is a nice and harmless spider girl by day, but turns into a sadistic rapist when alone with her lover by night.
* Both Tsuchigumo and Jorogumo appear in ''Manga/NuraRiseOfTheYokaiClan''. The first one is a BloodKnight that [[NoHoldsBarredBeatdown defeats Rikuo once]] and the other one is a board member of the Nura Clan.
* ''VideoGame/{{Guwange}}'' has Nekogumi, a gigantic ''cat''-spider
* ''Manga/OtogiMatsuri'' likewise has a gigantic cat-spider
* The jorogumo is a monster in ''{{TabletopGame/Pathfinder}}''. The ''Pathfinder'' campaign setting has a country, Shenmen, ruled by jorogumos, who took over when its government collapsed and monsters overran it.
* Tsuchigumo appears in the intro and as a summonable minion in ''VideoGame/RaidouKuzunohaVsTheSoullessArmy''.
* One of the mooks in ''VideoGame/TheNinjaWarriors'' is named after the creature.
* Tsuchigumo is the name of a boss in ''VideoGame/SineMora''. Appropriately enough, it's a huge robot spider that fires out web-like BulletHell patterns.
* Mimi in ''VideoGame/SuperPaperMario'' has some characteristics of a Jorogumo: her true form resembles a robotic GiantSpider, but she usually presents herself in less-unnerving disguises.
* A Jorogumo appears working for the villain in ''Literature/EightMillionGods''.
* A Jorogumo features in ''Manga/NekoMusumeMichikusaNikki''.
* Two female Jorogumo's appear in ''Anime/{{Wasurenagumo}}'', a mother and a daughter. The mother is a kaiju sized Jorogumo who appears with a monstrous human woman/spider appearance. The daughter looks to be a tiny human looking with an apparent spider-like lower body, the lower half is never seen besides the spider legs.
* Tsuchigumo (called Arachnus in English version) is a rare "Classic" Yo-Kai introduced in ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch 2''. While [[AgentPeacock Jorogumo]] (called Arachnia in English version) is a PaletteSwap of Tsuchigumo. Both are male instead of the traditional female.
* A Jorogumo named Darlene appeared in the ''WesternAnimation/GravityFalls'' episode "Roadside Attraction", although she was never identified as one.
* Tsuchigumo appear as MonstersOfTheWeek in ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger'' (as Arachnofiend in ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'') and ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger'' (as Tangleweb in ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaSteel'').


'''Raiju''' or [[ShockAndAwe "Thunder Beast"]] is lightning in a weasel-like shape: it's usually represented with many tails and/or legs, poisonous claws, and bright yellow and black fur. Can also appear as a dog, a monkey, a tanuki, a fox, or even a ball of fire and lightning.

[[folder:Raiju Examples]]
* The Electric-type [[Franchise/{{Pokemon}} Pokemon]] Raikou and Manectric resemble Raiju. Thundurus is a [[{{Expy}} literal interpretation]] of this creature.
* ''Manga/InuYasha'': The Raiju Brothers [[PsychoElectro Hiten]] and [[FatBastard Manten]]. They're both humanoid (with Hiten being totally human-like while Manten has a monstrous head) and they [[VillainousValour do care for each other]]. The anime filler also introduces their little sister [[CuteBruiser Soten]].
* [[EvilSorcerer Shiro Amakusa]] in ''Manga/{{Yaiba}}'' turns into a giant, six tailed weasel with huge claws for his showdown with the KidSamurai. However, it doesn't sport any thunder-related ability.
* A Raiju in the form of a crazed lightning ball appear in ''Manga/XxxHolic''.
* The manifestation of the Thunder card in ''Cardcaptors[=/=]Manga/CardcaptorSakura'' is Raiju, the Thunder Beast. It looks like a big electric wolf.
* One chapter of the ''{{VideoGame/Touhou}}'' manga ''[[Manga/TouhouIbarakasenWildAndHornedHermit Wild and Horned Hermit]]'' features Reimu and Marisa finding [[TheBeastmaster Kasen]]'s pet raiju and becoming poisoned by its thunder.
* ''VideoGame/MonsterHunter'': Rajang is a Thunder-type monster, can appear like a ball of Thunder/Fire, has yellow and black fur, and looks like any of the described of a Raiju, namely as a Monkey. It has only one tail and [[Manga/DragonBall can be cut to make it lose power]]. The Zinogre is also based on the Raiju, though in this case it's the wolfish appearance.
* Raiju appear frequently in ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTensei'' games.
* A raijuu goes berserk in the first episode of ''Manga/OtomeYoukaiZakuro'', giving us a chance to see Agemaki's courage -- and the half-youkai girls' ability to actually ''handle'' the situation.
* While Tora of ''Manga/UshioAndTora'' has been called a Raijuu, his actual form looks more like a tiger, and lightning is only one of his ComboPlatterPowers.


'''Nyuudou''': Youkai that look like buddhist monks, commonly encountered on roads. They existed in many different varieties and were one of the favorite forms for youkai possessing VoluntaryShapeshifting powers to assume.

[[folder: Nyuudou Examples]]
'''Mikoshi-nyuudou, Miage-nyuudou and Nyuudou-bouzu''': A short monk who would [[{{Sizeshifter}} grow taller]] as one looked at him until either one's neck was completely exposed from looking up at the nyuudou, at which point it would [[OffWithHisHead cut off one's head]], or one fell backwards from trying to see how tall the nyuudou became, at which point it would [[HarmlessVillain laugh at you and disappear]].
* Though only identified as a "Nyuudou"[[note]]Cumulonimbus clouds are called "Nyuudou" in Japanese; Unzan is able to change size and shape due to being composed of clouds and his name means "Clouded Mountain" or "Mountain of Clouds".[[/note]], Unzan from ''{{VideoGame/Touhou}}'' used to be the road roaming, size-shifting and decapitating kind of nyuudou before Kumoi Ichirin [[DefeatMeansFriendship defeated him]]. These days he acts much like a GuardianEntity to her and his {{Megaton Punch}}es and RapidFireFisticuffs are a popular source of ''Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventure'' references within the fandom.
'''Hitotsume-nyuudou''': [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Just as its name indicates]], this is a one-eyed, cylopic nyuudou.
* In ''Manga/NuraRiseOfTheYokaiClan'', Hitotsume Nyuudou is a member of the Nura Clan and the chairman of the One-Eyed Demon Clan. Four hundred years ago, he was part of Nurarihyon's Hyakki Yakkou and as a result of Kokehime's rescue, she became attached to him.
* In the ''Manga/DailyLifeWithMonsterGirl'' anime, one of the listed sub-species for Cyclops/Monoeye is One-Eyed Monk, what is basically just a Monoeye who converted into Buddhism.


'''Wanyuudou''': A burning wheel, frequently with a man's/monk's face serving as the hubcaps. Often lumped with the Buer from the Literature/ArsGoetia.

[[folder: Wanyuudou Examples]]
* In ''VideoGame/MuramasaTheDemonBlade'', Wanyudo is Momohime's second boss.
* ''{{VideoGame/Okami}}'' features fire, ice, electric, and wind wheels each with a different sensory organ on them, an eye, lips, ear, and nose respectively. The nose is unintuitively called the Earth Nose.
* One of Enma Ai's servants in ''Anime/HellGirl'' is a Wanyuudou (name's the same). He can turn into a whole cart to serve as Ai's transportation to her targets. His human form is an old man with a [[NiceHat pretty sweet hat]].
* Several of these under different names appear as enemies in the ''{{Franchise/Castlevania}}'' series.
* Soultaker, the boss of Yokai Isle's Bamboo Forest in ''VideoGame/AdventureQuestWorlds'', is a wanyuudou.
* The boss of Stage 3 of ''Mystical Fighter'' is a wanyuudou.
* The phantomn beast Tonyuudo from ''Manga/{{Toriko}}'' is based on this creature. Like most things in Toriko's universe, the Tonyuudo's tears are edible and made of exquisite soy milk.

'''Inugami and Okami''': Dog and Wolf gods. [[SavageWolves Usually malevolent]], and often found serving as {{Familiar}}s.

The ''okuri-inu'' and ''okuri-okami'' tend more towards NobleWolf, following travellers and protecting them from harm. However, [[TheDogBitesBack they have a tendency to attack people who mistreat or offend them]]... or sometimes just those who show too much weakness; as a result, "okuri-okami" has become an idiom referring to stalkers and [[AWolfInSheepsClothing Wolves in Sheep's Clothing]].

[[folder: Inugami and Okami Examples]]
* ''Manga/InuYasha'':
** Inuyasha is a half dog-youkai. Inuyasha's father, stepmother, and half - brother Sesshoumaru are full dog-youkai. However, the story distinguishes between what Inuyasha's family is and "inugami" when villagers mistake Inuyasha for one and the gang are confused the mistake could have happened. This is because in Japanese lore "inugami" are a very specific type of sorcerer whose power comes from a dog they've killed and imbued on their behalf.
** The series also has a tribe of wolf youkai under the leadership of Kouga. The youkai have power over wolves and are wolves themselves that can transform into human form.
* Kotaro Inugami in ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima'' is half dog-youkai shapeshifter partly based on ''Manga/InuYasha''. His default form has [[LittleBitBeastly dog ears and tails]], however he can also take on a BeastFolk form, a dog form and a wolf form.
* Inugami-gyoubu Tamazuki in ''Manga/NuraRiseOfTheYokaiClan'' often appears as a human with of habit of panting with his tongue hanging out. His real form is that of a giant dog.
* ''Manga/{{Kekkaishi}}'' has Madarao, Hakubi, and Kouya, who in their sealed forms resemble ghostly dogs, but when unsealed become massive spectral wolves.
* Inugami play a background role in ''VideoGame/MuramasaTheDemonBlade''. Kongiku and Yuzuruha are {{kitsune}}, with Yuzuruha trying to stop the release of the singular Inugami sealed in the Kuzuryu blade. [[spoiler: as a HistoricalVillainUpgrade from his established love of dogs, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi is corrupted and eventually highjacked by Inugami]].
* Amaterasu from ''{{VideoGame/Okami}}'' and her son Chibiterasu from ''VideoGame/{{Okamiden}}'', respectively.
* Appears as an NPC, monster and attainable ''shikigami'' in ''[[VideoGame/{{Onmyoji}} Onmyōji]]''.
* ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inugami_(manga) Inugami (manga)]]'' is a manga series by Masaya Hokazono about a boy who finds an inugami. His appearances are those of a extinct Japanese wolf, but he can grow spikes from his back to fight.
* ''[[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0277044/plotsummary Inugami (film)]]'' is a Japanese film about a Akira, a teacher that falls for a Miki, a papermaker. Miki's family is said to be under the curse of the Inugami.
* ''LightNovel/{{Inukami}}'' is a Japanese light novel series written by Mamizu Arisawa. Instead of the term "inugami" which is mostly associated with malevolent dog spirits, it uses the word "inukami" to describe a type of benevolent dog spirit. ''Inukami!'' revolves around Keita Kawahira, a descendant of a Inukami-tamer clan and a inukami named Yōko, [[spoiler:who later is revealed to be actually a kitsune]].
* Sadaharu from ''Manga/{{Gintama}}'' is implied to be one. Considering that he's a bull-sized white chihuahua with the strength of a bear and his former owners were a couple of miko this is plausible.
* In ''Manga/NatsumesBookOfFriends'', Madara/Nyanko-sensei's larger youkai form.
* Yuzuriha Nekoi (surname is [[WrongGenreSavvy deliberately]] misleading) in ''Manga/{{X|1999}}'' has a dog spirit Inuki protecting her.
* Kuchiha from ''Manga/{{Amatsuki}}'' is possessed by a wolf-like inugami, rumoured to be the last of her kind.
* Inugami appear in ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTensei'' games. Sometimes they can even grow into Makami, their more powerful counterparts.
* Oinu of the ''VisualNovel/DancingBladeKatteNiMomotenshi'' series is a dog-youkai in the form of a young human girl. The only dog-like physical feature she has are her ears, which are hidden in her hair and only seldom pop up. She's a benevolent, meek and loyal girl who loves dog-related items, and in ''Tears of Eden'', the power-amplifying artefact she gets is a dog collar which belonged to a legendary and almighty demon dog. The intro movie of the same game also hints that she has a giant, grey-coated dog true form.
* ''Manga/EngagedToTheUnidentified'' involves the relationship between between two teenage girls and a family of inugami.
* Inugami is a rare Yo-Kai in the ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch'' series, named "Frostail" in English.

'''Ushi-Oni or Gyuuki''': Meaning "bull fiend", is a sort of counterpart to the Minotaur. In some stories it's a demonic looking ox with many tails and claws, in others he's a sort of giant spider, while in others is a sort of wisp fire.

[[folder:Ushi-Oni Examples]]
* The Eight-Tailed Beast in ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' is a giant bull-like demon with four horns and eight CombatTentacles in lieu of tails.[[spoiler:His name is, ironically enough, Gyuuki]]
* [[FillerVillain Gyuu Oh]] from ''Manga/InuYasha'' is a half-demon called Izumo who turns into a wicked minotaur-like monster after the sunset. As a result he's gone crazy, but unlike the typical stereotype he's a GeniusBruiser.
* In ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'', Pantyhose Taro's monster form can be associated to the Ushi Oni.
* A Ushi-Oni like {{Kaiju}} appears in ''Manga/{{Gantz}}'': the upper half of his body is bovine, his lower half is spidery.
* ''Anime/YuGiOh'' has some Ushi Oni-inspired cards. One of them is a demonic bull with a spider body, and the other one is a fiendish minotaur with four tentacles.
* Gyuki from ''VideoGame/WarriorsOrochi'' is one, though he looks more like a boar demon than a bull.
* Gyuki from ''Manga/NuraRiseOfTheYokaiClan'' is implied to be a Ushi Oni. Heck, his name is the alternate character reading of Ushi Oni.
* The Bull Chargers from ''VideoGame/{{Okami}}'' are best described as something between [[MixAndMatchCreatures a bull,]] [[CentauroidForm a centaur]] [[SpiderLimbs and]] [[GiantSpider a giant spider]].
* In ''Series/KamenRiderDecade'', it's said that, when a Rider - we mean, Oni - in the [[Series/KamenRiderHibiki World of Hibiki]] chases power obsessively enough to lose his ideals of justice, he becomes an out-of-control Gyuuki. [[spoiler:Like what happens to Hibiki himself.]]
* A female Ushi-oni appears in Creator/PeterSBeagle's short story "Junko And Sayuri".
* Ushi-oni is the first boss of ''Oira Jajamaru! Sekai Daibouken'' for the UsefulNotes/GameBoy. Like most enemies, he is completely replaced in the localized ''Maru's Mission'', in this case with a FacelessEye named Eyeclop.
* ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch'' has a ''kudan'' named Predictabull. He is a benevolent fortune-teller who can only tell the weather.
* A Minotaur-like Ushi-Oni appeared in an episode of ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger'', where he's a stereotypical [[AmericansAreCowboys American cowboy]] who likes to gun down fleeing civilians.
** The half-spider, half-bull Ushi-Oni appears in ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger'' with an ayakashi named Gozunagumo (Arachnitor in ''Series/PowerRangersSamurai'')


'''Nuppeppo''': A fleshy blob creature that lumbers around in deserted places, mainly temples and graveyards. Has a smell comparable to that of rotting flesh, leading some to believe they ''are'' made of corpses. In spite of this, Nuppeppo are generally peaceful creatures.

[[folder:Nuppeppo Examples]]
* The Gulpin line from ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' resemble this creature, being voracious stomachs that emit repulsive gases while digesting their food.
* ''VideoGame/YumeNikki'' has two examples:
** The Mouth Monsters are a trio of brown blobs with large mouths and varying hairstyles. Each of them are seen near blood stains, and are the only [=NPCs=] in their respective areas.[[note]]Two are found in the Mural World, one in the Storage Room.[[/note]] One of them even has poop on their head, so at least that one doesn't smell good.
** Uboa is a rare malicious example, as it traps Madotsuki and takes her to an inescapable world. In the manga, it even assaults her and steals her effects.
* Nuppeppo appears as one kind of enemy in ''VideoGame/MuramasaTheDemonBlade'', what looks like a purple blob creature with eyes. They mainly try to throw pieces of themselves at you, but otherwise stand in place to allow you to whack on them.
* ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch'':
** Everfore ("Oiran" in Japan) is related to the nuppeppo yokai but is not directly based on it. She is the evolved form of Grumples after fusing her with Ageless Powder. She goes from a wrinkly old woman to a beautiful, young looking one. It's implied that the Ageless Powder is a powdered form of nuppeppo.
** Dismarelda ("Don'yorinu" in Japan) seems to be loosely based off of nuppeppo. She is a huge purple blob that puts people in a bad mood.
* A Nuppeppo who stole humans' faces appeared as MonsterOfTheWeek in ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger''. Appeared as Face-Stealer in ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers''


'''Gashadokuro''': A giant skeleton, it is born from the bodies of those who died without proper burial (usually from plague, famine, or war). They stand 15 times taller than a normal person and come out after midnight to drink the blood of whoever they can snatch up. Their approach is heralded by the rattling of bones (hence the name, which means "rattling skull" in Japanese), and their only weakness is a purifying ward. They are otherwise indestructible and sometimes can turn invisible.

[[folder:Gashadokuro Examples]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/KuboAndTheTwoStrings'', the Sword Unbreakable is lodged in the skull of a giant skeleton. It's completely invincible [[spoiler:until the Sword is removed from its head]].
* ''VideoGame/{{Okamiden}}'' features two. They both have a fiery core and two swords embedded within them. The second has armor and is much stronger than the first.
* ''VideoGame/GoemonsGreatAdventure'' has one pop up early on near a bridge.
* The Gusty Bones in ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch 2''. He frustrates people by making sure they don't get what they want from gashapon machines, as a play on his Japanese name.
* [[Wiki/SCPFoundation SCP]]-[[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-2863 2863 AKA がしゃどくろ]]. They're 30m tall and in this case caused by human suffering; the three newest instances were caused by the Nanjing massacre, the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, and the Fukushima Daiichi disaster.
* O-Dokuro, the Chaos Beast of the Yokai saga of ''VideoGame/AdventureQuestWorlds'', is this kind of youkai.
* ''VideoGame/MuramasaTheDemonBlade'': The final boss of the UpdatedRerelease's DLC ''A Spirited Seven Nights' Haunting'' is a gashadokuro formed from the vengeful souls of everyone who Arashimaru killed.
* The ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' thirteenth main game ''Ten Desires''. During Sanae's extra stage, she thinks that the youkai trump card is a gashadokuro, but instead it was Mamizou (a tanuki). It's neighbor series ''VideoGame/LenEn'', features an actual gashadokuro named Sese Kitsugai who loves excavating underground.
* ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch'' has several bosses based on this youkai. For example, Gusty Bones is a huge skeleton who lurks around the local elementary school.
* Gashadokuro is TheDragon to his father and BigBad Daimaou in ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger''. Fans of ''Franchise/PowerRangers'', however, will probably recognize him better as Rita Repulsa's [[{{pun}} boneheaded]] brother Rito Revolto.
** In contrast, ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger'''s Gashadokuros are the villains' {{Giant Mook}}s, adapted for ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaSteel'' as Skullgators.

!!Works that feature youkai include:

[[folder:Youkai Examples]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'' has the fruit witches in "Dad's Dungeon", which seem to be Futakuchi-onna.
* ''Manga/{{Amatsuki}}'' features many various different kinds of youkai, known here as "ayakashi", including spirits, and ghosts. In fact, about half the main cast are ayakashi.
* In ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'', Japan talks about the legend of youkai but states that they do not exist. However, England does meet and talks to a kappa and an onion-head youkai, though Japan is skeptical.
* In ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'', during one of the SchoolFestival episodes, the girls ponder Osaka's idea of an ''obakeyashiki kisaten'' ("haunted cafe"), and imagine Chiyo dressed as a nurikabe and Osaka dressed as a {{karakasa}}.
* The web story ''[[http://archiveofourown.org/works/7181147 Broken Gate]]'' has Nezumi, a rat (or mouse) youkai, and her three siblings, Toramaru (otherwise known as Tora),a tiger youkai, Miyako, a horse youkai, and Ryuuji, a dragon youkai. However, aside from her ears, Nezumi can pass for human and the same occurs for Miyako, aside from the hooves she keeps concealed under a kimono or her ears).
* The twins Han and Cho from ''Webcomic/CharbyTheVampirate'' are cat youkai living at King Samrick's palace. Han is working for the king as one of his Justiciars.
* In ''TabletopGame/ChuubosMarvelousWishGrantingEngine'', there are some youkai living in Town, primarily ''tsukumogami'', with an assortment of various others sometimes popping up. Town's long-necked people are basically rokurokubi who've learned how to stretch their necks any time they like.
* Kind of a rarity in ''VideoGame/{{Cuphead}}'', as all of the ghosts inhabiting the Phantom Express are subtly based on different types of youkai. The Blind Specter is based on ''tenome'', an eyeless old man with eyeballs on his hands; T-bone is based on ''gashadokuro'', a giant skeleton; the Blaze Brothers appear to be based on ''wanyuudou'', flaming oxcart wheels with screaming faces; and the Head of the Train is based on ''oboroguruma'', oxcarts with faces found on roads late at night. '''Maybe'''; what Japanese spooks are doing in a game based on American cartoons is a mystery.
* ''Manga/DailyLifeWithMonsterGirl'' has the occasional youkai show up, but the focus is more on the monster girls of other cultures.
* ''Demon's World'', a Creator/{{Toaplan}} UsefulNotes/ArcadeGame also known as ''Horror Story'', features many enemies from various mythologies, and in the Japan-esque stage you get to fight {{kappa}}, {{karakasa}}, rokurokubi, and other youkai.
* The various spirits inhabiting {{Creator/Vathara}}'s fanfiction {{Fanfic/Embers}} are largely based on various youkai.
* ''Franchise/{{Digimon}}'', like ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'', has many youkai-based creatures.
* ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'': The "Oriental Adventures" setting features all kinds of youkai, including oni, kappa, tengu, and yuki-onna. Oni have made their way into the main game as [[OurOgresAreHungrier ogre mages]], while nuppeppo have made their way in as nupperibo, residents of the Hells.
* While not actually Youkai in the demon-form, ''VideoGame/EveOnline'' has a couple of spaceships named after Youkai. Among those are the ''Kitsune'', a small, but very potent ECM-based ship and the ''Tengu'', a fast, medium-sized, powerful (and incredibly sturdy) ship capable of doing Level 5 Missions with no support, while all other ships require a fleet for those. It's also the general favorite among Mission-Runners, due to its high amount of Firepower.
* ''Manga/{{Gantz}}'' features every youkai ever as aliens in the Osaka arc.
* ''Manga/GeGeGeNoKitaro'' is all about youkai. Kitaro himself is a youkai.
* ''TabletopGame/GoldenSkyStories'': The player characters are all various kinds of ''henge'', although from the more benign variety. A later Japanese supplement introduces ''mononoke'', wholly magical creatures, which cover virtually any type of non-''henge'' youkai.
* ''Film/TheGreatYokaiWar'', [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotForKids a kids' movie]] by Creator/TakashiMiike, is ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin.
* ''Manga/GugureKokkurisan'' has a female protagonist who unintentionally attracts quite a few, and three of them (a {{kitsune}}, inugami and {{tanuki}}) end up haunting her.
* ''VideoGame/{{Gurumin|AMonstrousAdventure}}'' has [[{{Woolseyism}} Monsters]] as friendly [=NPCs=]; they are called Obake in Japanese. Meanwhile, the antagonists are called Phantoms, perhaps drawing parallel to the other meaning of ''obake''.
* ''Manga/HakabaKitaro''
* ''VideoGame/HarukanaruTokiNoNakaDe'' has these creatures among its mook-type villains (somewhat confusingly, they fall under the collective term ''onryou'', "vengeful spirits", which normally refers to ghosts). In the manga/anime adaptations, some of these get more prominent roles, like the last Nue and the Tengu of the Northern Mountains, but otherwise the youkai-like monsters in general are of little importance to the plot.
* ''Anime/HellGirl'' also features a Hone-onna, or "Bone Woman", a type of vampiric creature which disguises itself as a beautiful mortal woman to lure men away to feed upon their life force.
* ''Manga/HellTeacherNube''. Between these and {{Obake}}, it's practically the whole point. If they're not listed among the specific examples above, it's because they're [[MonsterOfTheWeek minor characters]], but trust us, these (and more) show up.
* ''Anime/HumanoidMonsterBem''
* ''Manga/InuXBokuSS'' revolves around a bunch of {{Half Human Hybrid}}s actually descendants of demons.
* ''{{LightNovel/Inukami}}'' is almost entirely populated with various animal spirits, Inukami meaning "dog god".
* ''Manga/InuYasha'', which in addition to the named characters listed includes at least one example of pretty much every other kind of youkai named on this page and a good many more that aren't.
* ''VideoGame/IzunaLegendOfTheUnemployedNinja'' has {{kappa}}, {{tengu}}, nurikabe, and many other youkai among the enemies.
* ''Manga/KamisamaKiss'', a manga about a teenage girl who accidentally becomes a Shinto god, naturally features youkai.
* ''LightNovel/{{Kanokon}}'': Nozomu Ezomori is a 200-year-old wolf spirit, both trying to seduce the protagonist, Kouta Oyamada. In fact, nearly everyone except him is Obake of some sort (sisters, brothers, etc to Chizuru and Nozomu. Many don't show up in the anime, though).
* ''{{VisualNovel/Kanon}}'': [[spoiler:Makoto is a kitsune who lost her memory in exchange for the ability to transform. It came with a hefty price.]]
* ''{{Anime/Karas}}'' (which itself is named for the Karasu {{Tengu}}) has youkai in a prominent role, and it depicts tensions between the youkai and the humans who have forgotten them.
* ''Webcomic/KarinDou4koma'': The vast majority of the cast are either magicians or some kind of youkai, generally either tsukumogami (coin, camera, ...) or animal ([[{{Kitsune}} fox]], [[NonhumanHumanoidHybrid bird/dog]], snake, toad, crow, ...). Somehow, there's a ''HenshinHero youkai''. In one strip, a few characters discuss the possibility of [[Music/{{Vocaloid}} virtual idols]] becoming youkai; one dismissing them as too fleeting to take hold and a moment later suggests that ''{{god}}'' is the original such idol.
* ''Manga/{{Kekkaishi}}'' has Madarao, a white dog youkai that has served the Sumimura family since its founding, passed down to them by the founder, Tokimori Hazama. Madarao is able to detect ayakashi with his amazing sense of smell.
* ''VideoGame/KikiKaiKai'', a series of CuteEmUp games (which were localized under the MarketBasedTitle of ''Pocky & Rocky'') that includes several kinds of ''obake'' as enemies. Aside from that, the main protagonist, Sayo-chan is a {{miko}}.
* ''TabletopGame/KitsuneOfFoxesAndFools'' obviously has kitsune as the player's characters, but a number of other youkai are available as allies as well.
* ''TabletopGame/LegendOfTheFiveRings'', which draws heavily on Japanese mythology, has many youkai, mostly malevolent.
* ''Anime/ALetterToMomo'' features three Youkai, there are others living in the forest.
* ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' (''Kamigawa'' block, which was heavily inspired by Japanese mythology)
* ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima'' has two [[HalfHumanHybrid hanyou (human-youkai hybrids)]] among Negi's TrueCompanions, the half-{{tengu}} Setsuna and Koutaro who is half-inugami.
* ''Miss Hokusai'', despite being a relatively realistic slice-of-life anime movie about Hokusai's daughter, has several ''youkai'': A famous courtesan is a ''rokurokubi'' -- her "spirit" stretches instead of her physical neck and while only a few people can see it ''everyone'' sees it pressing against the courtesan's mosquito netting. Ghost lights appear in front of a "haunted" painting of Hell and a giant ox demon threatens to show up at the house where the painting is. [[spoiler: The painting is "haunted" because "Miss Hokusai" forgot to show the ghosts in Hell being redeemed by Buddha (which was kind of the whole point of the painting's commission in the first place, oops). Hokusai adds the Buddha and the haunting stops.]]
* ''Manga/{{Mokke}}''
* ''Manga/MononokeSharing'' is about an ordinary high school girl moving into an apartment complex with five [[AuthorAppeal big breasted]] youkai (Kappa, Oni, Kitsune, Rokurokubi, and Yuki onna) as part of an experiment to see if youkai can integrate with humans.
* In the ''Monster Girl Encyclopedia'', Youkai are exclusively {{Cute Monster Girl}}s of the Zipangu region. Unlike other parts of this world, they've peacefully coexisted with humans long before anyone can remember. The youkai aren't part of the Demon Lord army and there is no KnightTemplar religion hunting them down - in fact, powerful monsters like nine-tail Inari are revered as gods.
* ''VideoGame/MuramasaTheDemonBlade'' features many youkai enemies.
* ''Manga/MyMonsterSecret'' has Youkai among the non-human students who attend Morobare High School in secret. Most of them are the underclassmen who [[TheHero Asahi]] councils in the second part of the manga; this list includes a Tengu and a Rokurokubi. Most notably, the series' effective BigBad, Principal Shirayuki, is a Yuki-Onna [[spoiler:who used to be human.]]
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'', which features several youkai-themed demon-beasts. The first BigBad Orochimaru is also shown to be capable of stretching his neck out to great lengths, not unlike a rokurokubi.
* ''Manga/NatsumesBookOfFriends'' contains many youkai, referred to as "ayakashi" including those whose names are contained within the titular book.
* In ''Manga/NekoDeGomen'', [[MadScientist Kuroda]] makes a serum that turns people into the youkai that fits them best for ten hours.
* Most of the cast of ''Manga/NekoMusumeMichikusaNikki'' are youkai living in and around a small Japanese town.
* ''VideoGame/{{Nioh}}'', an historical fiction following William Adams, features Youkai as enemies in the waning days of the Sengoku Jidai period, who have been brought forth by the persistent war.
* ''Manga/NuraRiseOfTheYokaiClan'' is based on a mafia-like family of Youkai that live in the present era, in an ordinary city, keeping it safe from other families/groups seeking power.
* The ''Obake Karuta'', a set of cards with Yokai themes which were used in the Edo Period. An ancestor of the modern Franchise/{{Pokemon}} and ''Franchise/YuGiOh'' card games.
* [[http://www.obakemono.com The Obakemono Project]]
* ''{{VideoGame/Okami}}''
* ''Manga/OmamoriHimari'' features several other Youkai in addition to the aforementioned, including a water serpent in a leading role, a Shutendoji and many others in minor parts. Most of the major ones are {{Cute Monster Girl}}s.
* ''VideoGame/{{Onmyoji}}'' is about, well, an ''onmyōji'' named Abe no Seimei who, along with his companions, prevents ''yōkai'' from causing troubles to humans.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Pathfinder}}'' does one better than its rival ''D&D'' by featuring many of the same youkai (including Ogre Magi under their proper name of Oni), but also including many, ''many'' others (both on this page and not), including a number of obscure ones like the Sagari, the Hyakume, the Bisha Ga Tsuku, the Harionago, the Akaname, and the Umibozu.
* ''{{Petopeto-san}}'': Most of the cast are youkai of one kind or another, if not {{Half Human Hybrid}}s.
* ''VisualNovel/PhoenixWrightAceAttorneyDualDestinies'': The second case of the game takes place in a town that maintains an ardent superstition of the youkai and plays a major role in the order of events (particularly a Karasu {{Tengu}} creature called "Tenma Taro" and the fabled nine-tailed {{Kitsune}}).
* ''VideoGame/PockyAndRocky'': Nearly every enemy encountered is some form of youkai, and several of the partners throughout the series are as well.
* ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' has a lot of creatures based on youkai. An example is Mawile, who is based on the futakuchi-onna, a woman with a monstrous, voracious mouth growing out of the back of her head and hair that functions like tentacles. Mawile gains a Mega Evolution in Generation VI, which gives it ''two'' mouths on the back of its head. It can even be said that all Pokemon take on the same roles that youkai supposedly play in the real world, as both take on the roles of animals and nature spirits while also being combination of malicious and scary yet friendly and endearing when befriended.
* In ''Anime/PomPoko'', the {{tanuki}} prove capable of transforming into a wide variety of other youkai. Some actual {{kitsune}} make an appearance as well.
* In the ''Fanfic/PonyPOVSeries'', while the normal versions exist as species (with Kitsunes and Shisa being seen in Neighpon), this word is used to describe the Draconequi equivalent of angels. They function identically to Angels (being servants/messengers of their deity), the difference seems primarily cosmetic.
* ''Anime/PrincessMononoke'' has the Kotodama, which are spirits that live in the forest, there's also the Deer God.
* ''WesternAnimation/RandyCunninghamNinthGradeNinja'' has really [[ShownTheirWork shown its work]] for a western cartoon when it comes to the actual Japanese mythological elements, right down to the inclusion of youkai. The feathers of the Tengu were used to create the Ninja suit, and in the episode ''Evil Spirit Week'', Howard becomes possessed by a Tengu.
* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'' frequently exploited Japanese folklore to provide their MonsterOfTheWeek.
* ''Manga/RosarioToVampire'': There is a reason the school is called Youkai Academy (though monsters from many other cultures are largely present as well). The name of the school, however, is a PunnyName, since it uses a different set of kanji than the ones that designate ''the'' youkai.
* ''Manga/{{Saiyuki}}'', in which three out of the four main characters are at least part youkai, as are most of their opponents. Unfortunately, the majority are generic 'demons' - i.e., pointy-eared humanoids with claws - rather than Japanese folkloric Youkai.
* ''Manga/SengokuYouko'' is rife with these, given that the series is set in feudal Japan and one of the main characters feature a {{Kitsune}}.
* ''Manga/ShamanKing''
* ''Manga/ShanghaiYoumaKikai''
* ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTensei'' has lots and lots of these, in addition to nearly every other culture's demons and spiritual beings, in the main series of games, as well as spin-offs.
* ''LightNovel/ShonenOnmyouji''
* ''VideoGame/SNKVsCapcomSVCChaos'': Some of the characters, when defeated by [[VideoGame/GhostsNGoblins Red Arremer]], turn into different types of youkai.
* ''Anime/SpiritedAway'': Most of the background characters are some form of youkai. "No Face" is a noppera-bō.
* The ''Franchise/LiloAndStitch'' franchise's anime series ''Anime/{{Stitch}}'' features (for the first two seasons) a youkai named Kijimunaa who is friends with Yuna and Stitch.
* ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' tends to use youkai as enemies in especially Japanese-themed series (meaning featuring ninja or samurai):
** ''Series/NinjaSentaiKakuranger'': The enemies are ALL Youkai, nearly all of which have adapted in some way to the modern world. For example, there's a Nurikabe covered in graffiti, a Sand Woman dressed like a hooker, a chariot youkai who's now a taxicab and a gluttony spirit dressed like a fast-food jockey. Sometimes the behavior is very different from the traditional youkai they're based on, but that's usually excused with "long ago, they were like [insert mythological behavior here] but the modern ones are [insert a MonsterOfTheWeek-ish behavior here] instead!"
** ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger'': The enemies are called ayakashi and are based on youkai, but following ayakashi's traditional meaning of "shipwreck ghost", most if not all of them have some kind of sea-creature theme along with their mythic one.
** ''Series/ShurikenSentaiNinninger'': Similar to ''Kakuranger'', the enemies are modernized versions of youkai; this time done by bringing inanimate objects to life. For instance, a chainsaw is turned into a kamaitachi and a snowcone maker into a yuki-onna. They also bring in three classic Halloween monsters (FrankensteinsMonster, {{Dracula}}, and the WolfMan) and classify them as "Western yokai".
* ''Manga/{{Tactics}}'', unsurprising since the show chronicles the adventures of a Japanese folklorist who practices Shinto and does exorcisms to make a little on the side.
* ''Literature/TaleOfYashima'': A web novel set during the Sengoku Era of Japan where several yokai feature as both main characters and villains.
* ''VideoGame/ThroneOfDarkness'', a ''Diablo''-like HackAndSlash uses nearly ''only'' monsters of these origins.
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Touhou}} Touhou Project]]'': Almost every known character, apart from the four[[HalfHumanHybrid -and-a-half]] human protagonists, a couple ghosts, and a handful of goddesses, is some form of youkai. Whether or not [[OurFairiesAreDifferent fairies]] are youkai is also subject to interpretation, both in and out-universe.
* Youkai or {{kaiju}} based on them have appeared as a MonsterOfTheWeek in many entries of the ''Franchise/UltraSeries''. Many are based on examples above, but others have no basis in folklore and are original creations of Tsuburaya Productions.
** Woo from the original ''Series/{{Ultraman}}'' is a yeti-like youkai manifests from the spirit of a deceased parent who seeks to continue to protect their child.
** ''Series/UltramanEighty'' featured a few youkai, like Jihibikiran (a sumo boy who wrestles everyone he meets) and Idantenran (a marathon runner who transforms into a giant monster when enraged).
** An episode of ''Series/UltramanTiga'' featured a youkai named Obikoboushi (Obiko for short), a mischievous demon-like creature who thrives in darkness and disguises himself as a noodle vendor in order to scare people with his magically animated shadow.
** Two episodes of ''Series/UltramanCosmos'' deal with a gorilla-like youkai named Yamawarawa who likes to befriend children lost in the forest. In the latter episode, we also meet Yamawarawa's archenemy, the demon-like Mahagenom.
* ''Manga/UruseiYatsura'', which, despite the nominal sci-fi setting, features many youkai both as AncientAstronauts and as actual monsters.
* ''Comicbook/UsagiYojimbo'' has featured nearly every monster from Japanese tradition, from Oni to Kappas to Nues ([[MixAndMatchCritters chimera-like]] beasts) and an Obakeneko (vampire cat).
* ''Manga/UshioAndTora'' is all about fighting youkai until facing the strongest of them all, a god-like kitsune (born in India of all places).
* ''LightNovel/WagayaNoOinarisama'' has spirits like these, including an entire arc with oni.
* ''Manga/XxxHolic'' features many types of youkai.
* In ''Anime/YesPrettyCure5 [=GoGo!=]'' episode 27, "Rin-chan vs. Ōedo Yōkai!", Shibiretta takes the Cures and mascots back to the Edo period, where they encounter noppera-bō, rokurokubi, {{karakasa}}, oni and burabura.
* ''VideoGame/YokaiWatch'' is a {{Mon}} series revolving around Yokai. The games and anime revolve around a boy named Nate using a mystical watch to perceive, communicate with, and summon Yokai to solve other people's (or other Yokai's) problems.
* ''Yodanji'' is a mobile RogueLike that features many of the yokai listed as character classes.
* ''YoukaiMonsters'', a Japanese movie series.
* ''Manga/YozakuraQuartet''
* ''Tabletopgame/YuGiOh'' has a number of cards based on youkai:
** There is an archetype (cards which share part of their name and work very well with each other) called "Hermit Yokai". It seems to be mostly (if not entirely) made up of Kamaitachi.
** Spirit Monsters are a type of card that return to your hand at the end of the turn, the majority of which are based on famous gods and monsters from Japanese myth.
** In the ''Anime/YuGiOhGX'' manga, Bastion briefly uses a deck comprised of youkai that centers around bringing cards back from the graveyard.
* ''Manga/YuYuHakusho''
* ''Anime/YukiYunaIsAHero'' features cutesy versions of traditional youkai as the characters' fairy partners. The title character is accompanied by a ''Gyuuki'' that takes the form of a tiny bull with stubby wings.
* ''LightNovel/TheZashikiWarashiOfIntellectualVillage'' revolves around youkai and humans making use of their power for various purposes. The eponymous Zashiki Warashi is a major character.