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[[quoteright:250:[[Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/wizan250_5143.jpg]]]]
[-[[caption-width-right:250:[[Film/TheWizardOfOz Analyzing here, probing there, and a couple of]] "[[FlatWhat Hey? What? Huhs?]]" [[Film/TheWizardOfOz That's how we find meanings that aren't there in the merry old land of Oz!]]]]-]

->'''''NOTICE''''' -- ''"Persons attempting to find [[TheRunaway a motive]] in this narrative will be prosecuted; persons attempting to find [[FamilyUnfriendlyAesop a moral]] in it will be banished; persons attempting to find [[NoEnding a plot]] in it will be shot. -- [[WordOfGod BY ORDER OF THE AUTHOR]], per [[GatlingGood G.G., Chief of Ordnance]]."''
-->--'''Creator/MarkTwain''', {{Epigraph}} to ''Literature/AdventuresOfHuckleberryFinn'', 1885

To the literary analyst, all works are [[WhenAllYouHaveIsAHammer ripe for analysis]].

Sometimes, this helps you appreciate a work. Sometimes, it doesn't, but it produces insight into the thought process and culture that produced the work. Other times, it's misguided overkill that may even detract from the work's actual merits (unless the reader happens to be another lit nerd looking for a fun Saturday evening with a text they've already read twice). Most of the time, it's just a fun mental exercise and a good way to boost the imagination.

'''Such an attitude may be expressed in several ways:'''
* Insisting that EveryoneIsJesusInPurgatory.
* [[LateArrivalSpoiler Casually revealing major plot twists in discussion of the book]], or even the book's preface or ''[[TrailersAlwaysSpoil blurb]]''.
* Writing dense dense dense descriptions of what makes the book good in the blurb, which only make sense to someone who has already studied the work for several years.

You can even get away with missing the point if you're a [[SeriousBusiness Really Serious Critic]] who wants to reveal all sorts of {{Family Unfriendly Aesop}}s inside a work, whether or not they have anything to do with the actual characters or plot. Goodness forbid that [[TheyPlottedAPerfectlyGoodWaste the author(s) wanted you to do so]] ([[DeathOfTheAuthor not that what the author wanted actually matters]]). If it does, though, or even quite as possibly if it does not (at least by general agreement), wait for somebody to point out the MuseAbuse.

High school and college students now write long-winded essays about the philosophical and socio-religious undertones of ''Literature/HarryPotter'' and ''Literature/{{Twilight}}''. It gets more relevant when you get into works aimed at even younger audiences, however: most kids under the age of twelve or so aren't going to be terribly philosophical; most of them will enjoy a work simply because it's "funny," or "colorful," or even "interesting." This provides a huge amount of leeway for the producers of children's shows to insert subtle commentaries and promote ideas without the readership (or even themselves) picking up on how they're shaping young minds, so to an extent ''every'' work aimed at young children is didactic ''whether the author intended it or not'', increasing as the audience gets younger. This can even open the door to the authors, if they are political or philosophical partisans, sneaking propagandistic messages into the work - although this doesn't tend to happen in democratic societies.

Note that having the plot given away becomes less and less of an issue the older the subject is. Most people who haven't read, for example, ''Literature/MobyDick'' will still be familiar with key plot points due to PopculturalOsmosis. See ItWasHisSled. LateArrivalSpoiler can apply in some cases, particularly if the work has been around for a very long while; it can legitimately be very hard to discuss something which has been around for centuries as if this is the first time the audience will ever be hearing of it.

For the opposite of this trope, i.e. preemptive dismissal of ''all'' literary or aesthetic analysis, see MoffsLaw.

See also: TrueArtIsAngsty, TrueArtIsIncomprehensible.
----
!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* The last episode of ''Anime/BottleFairy'' inspired [[http://denbeste.nu/Chizumatic/tmw/BottleFairy.shtml "Too many words about Bottle Fairy"]], which interprets the fairies as dolls Sensei-san's "deeply disturbed" (possibly autistic) younger sister uses to interact with a world she is unable to cope with herself.
* ''Manga/DeathNote'' gets a lot of this, helped in no small part by its morally-ambiguous characters.
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' gets a lot of this when it comes to the nation politics, and the use of 12 year old ninjas as living weapons, along with the true meaning of ''Will of Fire''.
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' has gotten this treatment, of all places, in an economics essay [[http://www.efn.org/~dredmond/VC6.PDF here]].
** The Eva-effect reaches to the rest of the Super Robot genre. Any Super Robot show made after 1997 is either considered some sort of {{Reconstruction}} of the Super Robot genre, a TakeThat to ''Eva'', a [[PoesLaw parody]] of classic Super Robot shows...or [[TakeAThirdOption all of the above]].
** Eva's connection with this trope was even referenced in ''Anime/{{FLCL}}'', where one of the characters is said to have "written a long book on the deep mysteries of Eva."
* ''Anime/{{FLCL}}'' is one to talk: The show is full of such frantic (and hilarious) MindScrew that it's not clear if ''anyone'' is even clear on what the plot is, let alone what it's all supposed to mean. Brought to you by the folks who made Eva, of course.
* ''TokyoBabylon'' is a good example of the second point. The french edition's summary used for promotion reveals all the important plot points up to volume 6. Of a 7 volumes series.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Alison Bechdel, in her graphic novel memoir ''ComicBook/FunHome'', notes how annoyed she was with her college English professors forcing symbolism on everything they read. Probably the funniest panel in the book is a bewildered looking student asking "You mean... like... Hemingway did that stuff on purpose?"
** ...elsewhere in the book, she and her girlfriend analyze several children's books (e.g. ''Literature/JamesAndTheGiantPeach'') [[SatireParodyPastiche for their "erotic undertones".]]
* ''Comicbook/{{Watchmen}}'' gets this treatment quite a bit, as does ''ComicBook/KingdomCome'' and ''ComicBook/TheSandman''.
* There is an infamous book, "''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/How_to_Read_Donald_Duck Para leer al Pato Donald]]''" ("''How to read Donald Duck''"), whose basic premise is to describe all comics, especially Disney ones, as tools from [[TheMan the imperialistic gringos]] to deliberately subjugate and dominate the uneducated Latin American masses. It goes down from there. [[FridgeLogic (Not incidentally, why, exactly, would said propagandist want to encourage fellow countrymen to]] ''[[MindScrew actually read]]'' [[MindScrew aforementioned "imperialistic gringo" subject matter]]?)
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fan Fic]]
* In an in-universe example, in the essay-fic, [[FanFic/EquestriaAHistoryRevealed Equestria: A History Revealed]], it seems that the LemonyNarrator needs to learn about this, as she picks apart benign things and events for evidence. So far, she has analyzed: the wordchoice of select sources, what rocks can metaphorically represent, cited a cereal box, and made [[spoiler: a far-fetched leap in logic to relate Celestia to Italian food, when a cooking book mentions "the elements of a good pizza"]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* In the CriterionCollection DVD of Fritz Lang's classic ''Film/{{M}}'', the booklet included with the DVD opens with an essay by film critic Stanley Kauffman which not only spoils the whole plot of the film, makes several pointless comparisons to totally unconnected works (including, of all things, ''Theatre/OedipusRex''--you know, because there's a blind guy, and he knows something other characters don't know), and discusses ''ad nauseum'' the sociological implications of the film--all for people who may not have even popped the DVD into their player yet--but also manages to do all this in ''two pages''.
** Though that is the purpose of the essay and the label, Criterion Collection ''does'' expand a film beyond given dimensions and in the case of ''M'' a film set in the dying years of Pre-Nazi Germany, the context is very important since the director abandoned Germany for Hollywood and his wife who wrote the screenplay became a Nazi.
* This is taken even further in the old VHS collector's edition of ''Film/TheGodfather'' Volume III, which actually begins (remember, no menus on a VHS) with a ''twenty minute long'' segment of a film critic discussing the film, including spoiling every aspect of the ending, without so much as a warning. Then, the movie follows, though you're no longer sure why you're watching.
* Is ''Film/BlazingSaddles'' a serious deconstruction of the Western and a profound statement on race relations in America, or just a lowbrow genre parody? Depends on who's asked; of course, [[TakeAThirdOption "both" is a viable answer.]]
* For a double-dose of this concept, feel free to read [[http://metaphilm.com/index.php/detail/fight_club/ this article]] which asserts that ''Film/FightClub'' is ''ComicStrip/CalvinAndHobbes'' grown-up. Not that the comparison is [[CrazyAwesome without merit]].
* This is talked about in the movie ''Film/{{Fame}}''. Music student Bruno argues with his instructor, Mister Shorofsky, that if Mozart were alive today, he'd be cranking out rock and roll songs, not chamber music and symphonies, because Mozart wasn't doing it to be "artistic", but rather just to put bread on the table.
* ''StarWars'': Just about every religion and mythology created by humans, whether real or fictional, has been likened to the "Force" of the Jedi Knights. While such comparisons are not off the mark, that's only because creator GeorgeLucas drew on the beliefs common to ''all'' religions in fashioning a spiritual system for his characters. There are some who have even gone so far as to ''adopt'' the Jedi teachings as their religion. Many have lost sight of the fact that Lucas intended to entertain the world first and foremost.
* While it's fairly well known that Walter Hill's 1979 crime drama ''Film/TheWarriors'' - and, of course, the 1965 Sol Yurick novel on which it was based - was inspired by Xenophon's ''Anabasis'', the movie actually has little in common with the ancient Greek story except for its basic plot (a group of, well, warriors fighting their way back home to their seacoast town) and for the fact that its DecoyProtagonist is named "Cyrus", which was also the name of the Persian king the Greeks were fighting during the events in ''Anabasis''. This hasn't stopped Hill from reediting his film for its special-edition DVD release to look almost literally like a comic-book retelling of ''Anabasis'' (making it, amusingly, practically a [[SpiritualSuccessor Spiritual Prequel]] to ZackSnyder's ''{{300}}'', or fans of the movie from interpreting ''The Warriors'' as a tribute to Greek legends and mythology generally, especially to Homer's ''Odyssey''. The Baseball Furies are likened to the Furies [[{{Dissimile}} (even though the original Furies were female, and there were only three of them, and they never even appeared in the ''Odyssey'')]]. And the Lizzies, who [[FemmeFatale seduce the Warriors and then try to kill them]]? They must be the Sirens!
* Creator/TheCoenBrothers' films are much analyzed for their [[EveryoneIsJesusInPurgatory symbolism and subtexts]], but the brothers themselves just respond [[ShrugOfGod "Well, if you say so."]]
* Satirized brilliantly by SteveMartin in ''LAStory''. Martin is in an art gallery, giving a long criticism of an unseen painting, detailing the highly erotic symbolism and voyeuristic subtexts. When the camera angle switches to a view of the painting, it's just a large, red rectangle.
-->'''Harris K. Telemacher''': "Yeah, I must admit, when I see a painting like this, I get emotionally... erect."
* ''Film/CitizenKane'' draws immense amounts of film criticism due to its reputation as the [[BestXEver Best Movie Ever]]. Critics dissect just about every aspect of the film on the quest to say something new about it. Of course, this is at least in some part justified: ''Kane'' is a very intricately crafted and sophisticatedly styled film, especially for the American cinema and doubly so for 1940s American cinema. Amusingly, an officially sanctioned documentary on ''Citizen Kane'', included with the special-edition DVD release, is nearly as long as the film itself!
* In his Top 10 80's Movies video, {{Benzaie}} seems to take ''WesternAnimation/HeavyMetal'' just a little too seriously, going as far to compare it to the Sexual Revolution of the 1960s, but on a smaller scale. Well, more power to you, but the people who actually made the film take it considerably less seriously in the "Making of Heavy Metal" documentary, describing it more appropriately as the last gasp of the counterculture before the wave of 1980's conservatism (apparently, they didn't watch a lot of [[HairMetal MTV during the '80s]]). And his views on the Conan the Barbarian film were taking it too seriously also. Interesting that he praised that film's audio commentary, which has been ridiculed online and even by EdgarWright on one of the audio commentaries to ''Film/ScottPilgrim''.
* The "collectible booklet" enclosed with the DVD release of the 1999 version of ''TheThomasCrownAffair'' casually spoils the ending of both the remake and the original while discussing the ways in which the two films differ.
* The Films of Creator/DavidLynch. ''Film/{{Eraserhead}}'' especially.
* Frequent with theatrical re-releases of classic movies. The 2012 re-release of ''LawrenceOfArabia'', for instance, was introduced with a ten minute appreciation from Creator/MartinScorsese... which managed to spoil every single plot point and iconic shot/edit ''Lawrence'' had to offer. Presumably the studios operate from the assumption that everyone watching [[ItWasHisSled has already seen the movie]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
Welcome to Lit. Class.
* ''Literature/TheScarletLetter''. What was once a simple romance novel about two adultering people in early Puritan society has been examined and re-examined to death since the 1850s, trying to find hidden meanings. The biggest offender is the notion of Hester's daughter Pearl being one giant symbol rather than an actual character -- which, InUniverse, is implied to be how people around her see her.
* Creator/JohannWolfgangVonGoethe, widely considered the greatest and most important poet and writer in German history, and particularly his most famous work ''{{Faust}}'', which by this time has been interpreted to death, undeath, back to death and straight into the sun, thought that the entire process of over-analyzation and insisting on trying to find a meaning and idea in a work was absurd and contraproductive even in the early 19th century.
--> People kept me asking what Faust is about. [[ShrugOfGod Like I would know it!]]
* Creator/VladimirNabokov explicitly disliked people's tendency to overanalyse ''Literature/{{Lolita}}''.
** Of course he also nearly demands it in the forward of ''TheDefense'' and understanding most of ''Literature/PaleFire'' is impossible without it.
* Some of the newer editions of Penguin and Oxford World's Classics have started to give a warning that the preface reveals major plot details, likely because of complaints about this tendency.
* Steven Brust, the author of the ''{{Dragaera}}'' series, is part of an informal group of writers who call themselves the Pre-Joycean Fellowship, in reference to their perception that Creator/JamesJoyce started a trend in literary criticism which believes that meaningful works were meant to have obscure language and lots of symbolism and anything well-plotted was not in this category.
* A popular reading of ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' holds that it's an allegory for WorldWarII: the Shire was England and the hobbits were the English, the elves were the French, {{Mordor}} was NaziGermany and Sauron was [[AdolfHitler Hitler]], and the [[ArtifactOfDoom One Ring]] was the atom bomb or nuclear power. Creator/JRRTolkien emphatically stated--including in the prologues to later printings--that ''TheLordOfTheRings'' was ''not'' an allegory for WorldWarII and that he disliked allegories anyway. Tolkien had been writing ''The Lord of the Rings'' and giving the Ring its central importance prior to WorldWarII, before he ever heard of the possibility of an atomic bomb. Eventually, Tolkien went as far as to write an outline of what the book would have been like if he had meant it as a WorldWarII allegory. Among other things, Saruman would not have been counted on as an ally, and Sauron would have betrayed ''him''; Saruman would have tried to make his own One Ring; and in the end the Fellowship would have had to use its power to win. It's also noted that both sides in that conflict would have held Hobbits in hatred and contempt, and they wouldn't have survived long even as slaves.
* ''TheAdventuresOfHuckleberryFinn'' starts with a death threat aimed at anyone who tries to analyze it. This is [[ForbiddenFruit often taken as an invitation to do so]].
* Nick Cave's novel ''And The Ass Saw The Angel'' is a giant MindScrew set ThroughTheEyesOfMadness, brimming with [[FauxSymbolism confusing religious symbolism]], right down to the title. In an interview, he told everyone [[MST3KMantra not to read too much into it, and just to enjoy it]]. The story may be found [[http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Numbers%2022:1-35 here]].
* Richard Adams has always sworn that ''WatershipDown'' [[WhatDoYouMeanItsForKids was intended to be a children's book]]. However, many fans and critics don't agree and often see the book the 1970s' answer to ''AnimalFarm'', a political animal fable that focuses on communism, and specifically, Stalinism.
* In-universe example: Grand Admiral Thrawn, resident MagnificentBastard of the ''Franchise/StarWars'' ExpandedUniverse, uses this as his favourite military strategy: he can [[AwesomenessByAnalysis deduce a species' entire]] [[WarriorTherapist psychological makeup]] from their works of art, and plans his tactics accordingly.
* ''Literature/AliceInWonderland'' gets quite a few critics analyzing exactly what everything means. Teenagers and stoners love to paint it as a drug allegory, while others see it as story of madness or a DyingDream. Still more think that it's satirizing religion, British Imperialism, or language and logic. Of course, originally it was just a silly story to amuse some children. Later in life, Carroll would reportedly claim it was, and always had been, a hidden tract against "new math" and how people ascribing to it lived in a world of neither rhyme nor reason, which may actually make him a victim of this trope in regards to ''his own work''.
* The foreword to ''TheFlood'' by Ian Rankin mentions how the author attended a lecture on his book, and was surprised at the things that were being read into it, most of which he'd never consciously included.
* ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'' seems to have had a bunch of critics' panties in a bunch when they found out that the author was a Mormon. When Bella and Edward decide to remain chaste, it seemed to produce theories that the author was brainwashing kids into accepting everything about her religion. [[SpaceWhaleAesop "We can't have sex because it'll kill you except for when we get married for some reason"]] does sound rather like abstinence moralizing.
** Though, according to a lot of current and former Mormons that have read the books, there ''are'' a lot of things in the books based on Mormon ideology/culture. However, the general consensus is that it isn't intentional proselytizing, just the author writing what she knows. For specific examples see this [[http://stoney321.livejournal.com/317176.html hilarious series of posts]].
** Creator/CleolindaJones recently blew her own mind when she realized that the Quil/Claire "relationship" (the one where the teenage werewolf imprints on a two-year-old?) may actually be named after/inspired by Clare Quilty in ''Lolita''. [[http://cleolinda.livejournal.com/901129.html#cutid1 Cleo believes this might be some sort of cosmic joke.]]
* Decades after it was published, it was "discovered" that ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' actually was intended to be read as an allegory for political people and events of the time it was published. Apparently the people who made this discovery had no problem believing that these allegories were meant to be there, even though they were much more clear to scholars looking for something to analyze than to readers of Baum's age who were surrounded by them every day.
* ''Literature/TheConfidenceMan''. [[note]]Most authorities trace the origin of All Fools' Day to a Hindu vernal celebration, a masquerade called Huli... The avatars of the Confidence man are quite literally avatara, that is, successive incarnations of the Hindu god of salvation, Vishnu. The first major avatar of Vishnu is as a fish who recovers the lost sacred books; the first avatar of the Confidence man is an "Odd fish!" who brings to the world injuctions from The Bible. The second avatar is a tortoise who upholds the world; the second avatar of the Confidence man is a "grotesque" man who slowly stumps around, lives "all 'long shore" and holds his symbolic "coal-sifter of a tambourine" high above his head. After this comes eight other major avatars and innumerable minor ones; the Guinea avatar lists eight other men and innumerable minor ones... The teachings of Buddha aimed for nirvana, which means literally the extinguishing of a flame or lamp. According to Hindus, Buddha was Vishnu incarnate as a deceiver, leading his enemies into spiritual darkness. The last avatar of the Confidence man, the Cosmpolitan, finally extinguishes the solar lamp and leads man into ensuing darkness.[[/note]] The story is a social satire by Creator/HermanMelville, but it's so complex with his opinions on {{morality|Tropes}}, {{religion|Tropes}} and IdealismVsCynicism that entire other books are written on the analysis of all the symbolism. The man didn't even put a pun into the book without a deeper meaning, apparently.
** On the subject of Melville, we can't go without mentioning [[MobyDick Moby Dick.]] It's been described as the epitome of everything American. A metaphor for the ambitions and desires that make up the American Dream; the quintessential story of the "Go West" attitude, and of the stubborn desire for upward mobility and to win in the competition despite odds. It seems to be applicible to all aspects of that [[BuffySpeak Americana Thing]].
*** Then again, Melville may have meant more to this than just that standard American Dream message, if at all. But I doubt the teachers would point that one out.
* Everyone has a high school English teacher who thinks every word of every book is ''dripping'' with meaning. The best is when the story actually does have an [[{{Anvilicious}} obvious moral]], but the teacher is so busy hunting for [[AlternativeCharacterInterpretation some other theme]] in insignificant bits of imagery that he/she misses the point. Like, deciding that the main theme of ''TheStranger'' is something about nature.
* A recent printing of Creator/JaneAusten's ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice'' contains an "introduction" that discusses the story and compares and contrasts it with Jane Austen's other works. It manages to spoil not only the plot of ''Pride and Prejudice'', but also ''every other Jane Austen book'' while comparing and contrasting it.
* The Bantam Classic printing of Literature/GreatExpectations has a lengthy introduction by John Irving that ''does'' spoil the whole plot before page one of chapter one, ''does'' compare the book to various other works of Dickens, and ''does'' go into way too much scholarly analysis, but at least doesn't go into much EveryoneIsJesusInPurgatory.
* Bill Denbrough, one of the primary protagonists in StephenKing's {{It}}, addresses this ("can't you guys just let a story be a ''story?''") Being laughed at by his incredulous writing course instructor, said protagonist leaves the university to become a successful horror novelist.
** This seems to be something the author believes as well: "Politics change, but stories remain." Of course, considering that this is the man who didn't realize until decades later that the story of the alcoholic struggling-writer antagonist of ''Literature/TheShining'' (written while King was struggling with his own alcoholism) might have been just a wee bit autobiographic, invoking DeathOfTheAuthor is a pretty safe bet when it comes to finding deeper meaning in his work.
* The original ''[[Literature/WinnieThePooh Winnie-the-Pooh]]'' novels have dozens of serious or semi-serious works written about them such as ''The Tao of Pooh'' or ''Pooh and the Philosophers.'' Usually these are written with a tongue-in-cheek attitude, though, so they can often be quite entertaining (the Disney version does not get the same treatment; if these books mention it at all, it's usually in derogatory terms).
* There are pieces of literature that are standard reading for all IB students, including: ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'', ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'', ''Theatre/TheTamingOfTheShrew'', ''Theatre/{{Othello}}'', ''Literature/SirGawainAndTheGreenKnight'', ''AnAmericanChildhood'', ''Literature/ThingsFallApart'', ''Literature/HeartOfDarkness'', ''Theatre/OedipusRex'', ''Theatre/{{Antigone}}'', ''Literature/TheBluestEye'', ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice'', ''TheGreatGatsby'', you name it. If we've read it, we analyzed every last sentence to death. This also includes ''ComicBook/{{Maus}}'' and ''TheAbsolutelyTrueDiaryOfAPartTimeIndian'', which are, after all, comic books. International Baccalaureate English students are practically parodies of this trope, taken to over the top ways. For example, see [[http://intensecogitation.info/2010/06/11/the-keats-enigma/ this]] analysis of Keats.
** The same goes for honors English students in college prep Catholic high schools and AP (Advanced Placement) English literature students everywhere.
* Salvador Plascencia made a complaint in one interview about how people were trying to find a metaphor in ''everything'' mentioned in ''ThePeopleOfPaper'': "These mechanical turtles are really mechanical turtles; they are not a symbol. People ask me, "Were they Volkswagen bugs?" I'm like, "No! They're mechanical turtles." They're looking for the metaphor." Though considering how he admits in the same interview that even ''he'' [[MindScrew gets confused about his confused book]] and that said book features [[EveryoneIsJesusInPurgatory a blatant Jesus parallel]] in [[spoiler:the resurrection of Little Merced]], you probably can't blame said readers for thinking that the mechanical turtles symbolize something deep.
* ''Literature/TheOldManAndTheSea'': GOOD GOD! this one's been analyzed to '' '''beyond''' '' death. Mr. Hemingway said it was just about a dude and a fish.
* There's an analysis of ''Literature/HarryPotter'' entitled ''Harry Potter and International Relations'', which looks at how IR theory relates to the Harry Potter universe.
** Among the editorial essays on MuggleNet, there's an essay on the relationship between Harry and Voldemort, and how the language in key moments implies symbolic rape.[[http://www.mugglenet.com/editorials/potterrape.shtml 1]] The amount of FreudWasRight and UnfortunateImplications is staggering....
* [[http://www.amazon.com/review/R2KP11CIENXNR7/ This review of]] the ''SesameStreet'' classic ''TheMonsterAtTheEndOfThisBook,'' which argues that it's about general relativity, and a deconstruction of free will.
** The book ''[[SlaughterhouseFive Slaughterhouse-five]]: Reforming The Novel and The World'' by literature professor Jerome Klinkowitz has a chapter comparing ''TheMonsterAtTheEndOfThisBook'' to [[KurtVonnegut Vonnegut's]] novel, mainly in their use of metafiction.
** For those of you unfamiliar with ''TheMonsterAtTheEndOfThisBook'', it's a book aimed at very young children, is about a dozen pages long, and has roughly one sentence of text every two pages. The entire plot can be summed up as "Grover wants [[NoFourthWall you]] to stop turning pages of this book because he's afraid of the [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin monster at the end of it.]]"
* A large amount of ''Literature/HouseOfLeaves'' is people doing this to the fictional film "The Navidson Record". The novel itself seems to invite it to a large degree, to the point that some have theorized that, at its heart, it's a ''satire'' of overanalyzing stories.
* This is used in-character in TheBelgariad, where a ghost story is told near the beginning of the first book, and the leader of the farming community it was told to passes it off as a moralistic sermon about fear and greed. The irony kicks in, in a later book, however, when the protagonists go to Maragor, the place where the story was set and could have actually happened, as it is inhabited by the ghosts of the Marags, slaughtered ages before.
* Franz Kafka, after running out of his literary writings to analyze, lit profs gathered up various [[http://press.princeton.edu/titles/8791.html insurance claim reports]] Kafka wrote in his day job as a Insurance lawyer and trawled them for meaning.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Convincing people that [[BostonLegal Alan Shore]] represents [[Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries Spock]] is [[WilliamShatner easy]]. Convincing them that [[ThePhantomOfTheOpera Christine Daaé]] is [[Series/TheDailyShow Jon Stewart]]...
* Parodied in an episode of ''{{Frasier}}'', where Frasier and Niles read the manuscript to the second ever novel of a famous author, then tell him how much they enjoyed how it was evocative of Dante's Divine Comedy. The author states that he didn't intend such imagery, and bitterly concludes that he must have "drawn the whole thing from Dante", before angrily destroying the manuscript. Frasier and Niles console themselves by claiming that the critics would have picked up on the Dante allegory and torn the novel apart.
** In another episode, Frasier begins having a bizarre dream. He spends the entire episode over-analyzing and racking his brain trying to figure out what the dream means and what its trying to tell him. He finally concludes that since he had been complaining about being bored at work, his brain invented some overly complex problem to keep him entertained. Simply "having a weird dream" wasn't enough.
* Parodied many many times in ''{{Cheers}}'' in which the barflies would do it as their version of a mental exercise. For example, this [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c28J_xqGlkQ examination]] of ''WileECoyoteAndTheRoadRunner'', with Norm later huffing at Cliff, "I suppose that proves that the Coyote's the Antichrist? Come on!"
* There's a special feature on the Muppets season 1 DVD which apparently was a video specifically made for Stockholders meant to convince them to buy stocks in ''TheMuppetShow''. In it, the muppet presented a list of various demographics, and what that demographic would like about the show and why. One of those groups listed was intellectuals and college students, and the thing that would appeal to them was (paraphrasing) "The Meaning of everything".
* Parodied in ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'', where a murder mystery about railway timetables is given an inane analysis by "Gavin Millarrrrrrrrrr". An excerpt:
-->"If La Fontaine's elk would spurn Tom Jones the engine must be our head, the dining car our esophagus, the guard's van our left lung, the cattle truck our shins, the first-class compartment the piece of skin at the nape of the neck and the level crossing an electric elk called Simon. The clarity is devastating. But where is the ambiguity? It's over there in a box."
** Not to mention the analysis of "Le Fromage Grand," a [[LeFilmArtistique pretentious French film]] with a ridiculous shortage of dialogue:
--->"Brian and Brianette symbolize the breakdown in communication in our modern society in this exciting new film and Longueur is saying to us, his audience, 'go on, protest, do something about it, assault the manager, demand your money back'."
* In the classic ''Series/DoctorWho'' story "City of Death" the TARDIS lands in an art gallery and is mistaken for a piece of modern art. Two art lovers [[note]]one of whom is played by Creator/JohnCleese[[/note]] wax lyrical about its brilliance as a comment on modern life. Seeing three people and a robot dog pile into it before it de-materialises in front of them doesn't change their mind.
* The show ''Series/{{Lost}}'' is meant to evoke this. The show is filled with all kinds of mysterious symbols, strange happenings, and hints that there's something happening that's bigger than anyone had anticipated. The show's creators insisted that they had a plan all along, but by the time the show was over, most people realized that they were making it up as they went along. There wasn't a big overall plan, and most of the symbolism used to hook people didn't really amount to anything.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Magazines]]
* Parodied by ''TheOnion'' on at [[http://www.theonion.com/content/node/27794 least]] [[http://www.theonion.com/content/node/25742 three]] [[http://www.theonion.com/content/node/39205 occasions]].
** Made all the more hilarious by an AP English test from a few years back that involved analysing an Onion article.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* Music/TheBeatles song "I Am the Walrus" supposedly originated after JohnLennon heard that Beatles lyrics were being used for literary analysis in university classes. Finding this ridiculous, Lennon decided to write a song where the lyrics ''sounded'' symbolic [[IceCreamKoan but were just utter nonsense]], as a TakeThat against people taking their songs too seriously (of course, this would turn into a trend with later Beatles songs, even naming the [[TheWalrusWasPaul associated trope]], and it became a case of GoneHorriblyRight when [[UsefulNotes/CharlesManson a certain cult leader's]] attempts to find meanings in nonsensical Beatles lyrics led him to send his followers on a killing spree in 1969).
* Just about everything BobDylan ever wrote. It doesn't even seem to matter what he says in interviews about what a song does or doesn't mean (although more often than not now he just avoids those sorts of questions altogether).
** The Bob ''never'' answered those questions; he's just more subtle now. Ed Bradley asked him in the 2000s if his latest album was a new departure, and Bob ran Bradley into the dirt with a story about how an old jazzman showed him this "mathematical chord progression" that emotionally affected the listener every time. Back in 1965, some (even more) hapless reporter asked Bob about his "message," eliciting the scathing reply:
---> "What's my ''message?''" Bob seizes a mercury arc light from the coffee table. "'Keep a cool head and always carry a light bulb!'"
* [[{{Music/Queen}} "Bohemian Rhapsody"]] is ''ripe'' for analysis, mostly because of its somewhat nonsensical and generally evasive lyrics. However, [[WordOfGod Freddie Mercury]] stated that it's really not meant to be taken seriously, and that "none of our songs have hidden messages, except maybe Brian's."
* Isn't It [[{{Irony}} Ironic]], [[AlanisMorissette don't you think?]] Alanis was initially evasive, but later on claimed that it was the ''use'' of "ironic" that was the irony; "it was specifically written from the standpoint of someone like a teenage girl writing in her diary." She intentionally misused ironic IN an ironic way. Alanis was twenty-one when that album came out, so she could very well have been a teenage girl herself when she wrote the song. It ''is'' ironic, however, that an entire song about irony wasn't actually ironic, the question is only in intent.
** It actually did work in terms of engendering a serious AND passionate discussion on "irony" in high school English classes across the land at the time the single was released, though. So because of a song ridiculed for not getting the concept of "irony", quite a few Generation X/Y cusp children got an extraordinarily thorough education on the subject.
* Music/SteelyDan, although many of their songs require a bit of background understanding of the subjects, [[http://www.stylusmagazine.com/articles/staff_top_10/top-ten-obscure-steely-dan-lyrics.htm this article]] looks a bit too deep to find meaning in things already explained by WordOfGod, and has probably the most gutter-minded perspectives on the band to date, and simultaneously pointing out the obvious as well as missing the point.
* The lyrics to many hits EltonJohn and his principle lyricist Bernie Taupin wrote in the early [[TheSeventies 1970s]] were, like The Beatles' songs before, overanalyzed and misinterpreted to Bernie and Elton's annoyance/bemusement. The duo later satirized this by writing the deliberately nonsensical WordSaladLyrics of "Solar Prestige A Gammon" from Elton's 1974 album ''Caribou''. It, like "I Am The Walrus" before it, was inevitably overanalyzed and misinterpreted.
** Of note is the misinterpretation (according to WordOfGod) that "Madman Across The Water" referred to President RichardNixon, or that "Honky Chateau" was a slang for "White House". The WordSaladLyrics of "Levon" are also picked apart regularly.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theater]]
* Creator/WilliamShakespeare is a frequent victim of this. Every plausible intellectual slant, and more than a few implausible ones, have been earnestly applied to his work by English students. Some, fearing a desecration of the {{canon}}, oppose any and all film adaptations, and heaven forbid that you stage the plays in anything but their most complete forms. Even if the original performances were heavily improvised and no authoritative versions ever existed, canon is SeriousBusiness.
** The book version of the Reduced Shakespeare Company's play, ''Theatre/TheCompleteWorksOfWilliamShakespeareAbridged'', ruthlessly [[{{Deconstruction}} deconstructs]] the sort of forewords usually included in Shakespeare reprintings. Not only does each member of the troupe get a foreword, there's a foreword to the foreword, an afterword to the foreword, a foreword by the publisher, a foreword by Shakespeare (in which he gives special thanks to the Dark Lady), and even a foreword by the ''reader'', in which he (read: you) complains that the endless forewords are getting annoying and demands that the book GetOnWithItAlready.
** Creator/IsaacAsimov had a little something to say about this, in his short story [[http://www.angelfire.com/weird/ektomage/otherwriting/bard.html The Immortal Bard]].
** ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'' is certainly the best example of this dynamic. Literary critics have found a staggering quantity of meanings and lessons in the play. One of the more obscure, but enjoyable, explanations is that the entire play is an allegory for the conflict between Copernican and Ptolemaic astronomies.
* There's an argument that virtually every play by Henrik Ibsen lacks an {{Aesop}}, instead showing characters in conflict and letting the audience decide who's right and who's wrong. Didn't stop a fair number of people from being utterly appalled by the ending of ''Theatre/ADollsHouse'' for seeming to [[spoiler:promote divorce]]. Feminist authors hailed Ibsen during his life for ''A Doll's House'' in spite of Ibsen's strong denial that it had a feminist message.
* Played with at the opening of ''Theatre/ThePajamaGame'', where Hines appears in front of the curtain to proclaim the play's serious themes:
-->"This is a very serious drama. It's kind of a problem play. It's about Capital and Labor. I wouldn't bother to make such a point of all this except later on, if you happen to see a lot of naked women being chased through the woods, I don't want you to get the wrong impression. This play is full of symbolism."
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* This amazing deconstruction of ''{{Sinistar}}'' entitled [[http://onastick.net/drew/sinistar/ I Hunger, therefore, I live.]]
* The [[{{Moviebob}} Game Overthinker]] makes a habit of doing this to video games. See for example his episode ''Super Mario and the Sacred Feminine''.
* VideoGame/{{Chrono|Trigger}} is a Christ figure. [[http://www.chronocompendium.com/Term/CTT:Crono.html And that's just the beginning]].
** One of the arguments given is that [[spoiler:the three gurus are named Gaspar, Melchior and Balthasar...]] which is actually a {{Woolseyism}} inserted in the English version. In the original Japanese, they are named the much less impressive Gash, Mash, and Bash.
* The VideoGame/{{MOTHER}} fandom has this in spades.
** GIYGAS IS A FETUS.
*** Even if Giygas isn't a fetus, he sure does [[http://dl.dropbox.com/u/13790475/Giygas.png look like one]].
* Many of the articles on www.insertcredit.com, and even more so on its spiritual successor, www.actionbutton.net, indulge in this trope in DROVES.
* ''[[Franchise/{{Halo}} HALO: Combat Evolved]]'' [and only ''Combat Evolved''] is a post-modernist work of art, comparable to the Iliad, the Chief descended from Rambo AND Captain America, and... look, you just [[http://bit.ly/alomDe got to read it]].
** It's ''specifically'' features religious references all over the place. Heck, even the main theme is ''Gregorian chanting''.
* GameFAQs has plot analysis for the entire ''SilentHill'' series that are longer than the installments' walkthroughs combined. It's possible the authors simply finagled course credits for games already played. At least it makes interesting reading for fans who can't get enough Silent Hill.
* Most of the reviews for ''DoomRepercussionsOfEvil'' parody this trope.
** Well, of course. John's rage against the demons stems from his father's longstanding disapproval of his career choice. You see, he sees his father as the demon. But as we all know, John's father was only looking out for his son. It was John, betrayer of his own father, who was the real demon. Of course he was a demon only until he became a zombie.
* There are a few people who analyze the living crap out of AliceMadnessReturns, as can be expected given that it's a DarkerAndEdgier sequel to ''Literature/AliceInWonderland''.
* It's been written, and seems possible, that ''Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda'', particularly ''[[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaOcarinaOfTime OOT]]'', has Trinitarian/Biblical undertones in the nature of Triforce. There are three parts of the triforce, Courage (represented by Link), Power (represented by Ganondorf), and Wisdom (represented by Zelda). There are, as well, three Spiritual Stones. This may just be the [[RuleOfThree Rule of Three]] motif, but it's always possible.
** The Seven Sages are important as well for a number of reasons. The motif of number seven as a powerful number goes back at least as far as Mesopotamian times (Sumerian mythology/history has a group of people, the Apkallu, literally known as the Seven Sages.) and it, that is the importance of the number seven, certainly appears in the works of the Bible as well.
** [[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaMajorasMask Majora's Mask]], gets this due to being the DarkerAndEdgier direct sequel to Ocarina of Time that deals with the nature of masks and a GroundhogDayLoop with TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt via ColonyDrop of an angry anthropomorphized moon always looming.
*** Some have theorized that the different areas and dungeons represent the stages of grief that Link is going through over the loss of Navi. Or alternatively, the stages the whole world of Termina is going through in the face of their impending destruction.
*** [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7S1SVkysIRw This]] episode of ''WebOriginal/GameTheory'' proposes the idea that Link [[DeadAllAlong died in the opening of the game]] and all of Termina is merely his purgatory until he accepts his death and moves on to the afterlife proper.
* Website [[http://sydlexia.com/ Sydlexia]] loves to create parodic overanalyses of old video games, including [[http://sydlexia.com/pac-nihilism.htm "Pac-Man is an allegory for the futility of life in a western capitalist society"]], [[http://sydlexia.com/ducktales_is_impossible_and_reality_is_a_lie.htm "Duck Tales is impossible to beat and proves that reality is a lie"]] and [[http://sydlexia.com/super_mario_seven_deadly_sins.htm "Mario commits all seven of the Seven Deadly Sins in Super Mario Bros and is one of the most amoral protagonists in video games."]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/DinosaurComics'':
-->'''[[http://www.qwantz.com/archive/000464.html Alt-text]]''': i tried to figure out all the symbolism in this comic and i was SO CONFUSED
* Anything ''{{Starslip}}'''s Vanderbeam analyzes becomes saddled with more symbolism than it deserves. Taken to extremes:
** On one occasion, Vanderbeam escapes a villain's mind control by realizing that the mind control technique "shifts the context to a metadiscussion on the commodification of power."
** Vanderbeam later saves the universe by recontextualizing a piece of artwork, "calling attention to its dual nature as object and objectification".
** He later defeats a villain by analyzing the artistic and cultural significance of the design of the villain's ship.
* Kris Straub's earlier comic ''CheckerboardNightmare'' occasionally featured the arthouse critic Lance Sharps, a Creator/ScottMcCloud parody. In his review of CN itself, he remarked that "At first I imagined the robot to be some sort of rape symbolism, and was quite disappointed to find it was merely a robot."
* [[http://www.smbc-comics.com/index.php?db=comics&id=2112#comic Parodied]] in ''Webcomic/SaturdayMorningBreakfastCereal'':
--> "That's not how English class works. What we ''can'' do is pretend the book is a towering riddle of symbology designed to obfuscate a central theme so simplistic that it can be expressed in a single paragraph during a one-hour midterm."
* One fan of Webcomic/BloodyUrban left a comment praising [[http://asquidcalledzelda.deviantart.com/art/Eat-Healthy-156575419 this page]] for its (completely unintentional) satire of capitalist values.
--> "This got a few comments on deviantart praising my witty critique of the hypocrisy of fast-food consumption. Apparently I have captured the dilemma of the modern consumer. And I was like ''Really? I thought this was just a fat joke....''"
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Website/SomethingAwful'' also [[http://www.somethingawful.com/d/news/ap-reading-exam.php did a parody]]
* A number of the DarthWiki/WorseThanItSounds entries are send-ups of this idea.
* Some of the very pages on TVTropes, but in a good way.
* Wiki/{{Uncyclopedia}}'s [[http://uncyclopedia.wikia.com/wiki/Fisher_Price:_A_Retrospective Fisher Price: A Retrospective]].
* WebVideo/ToddInTheShadows: he himself [[LampshadeHanging acknowledges]] his tendency to over-analyze inherently cheap and shallow pop songs.
** Oancitizen of WebVideo/BrowsHeldHigh fame makes a habit of this, especially in his "Between The Lines" videos. His earliest defining work on the TGWTG site was analyzing the themes and metaphors inherent in Nella's ''Franchise/MyLittlePony'' tales during WebVideo/TheNostalgiaChick's review of the MLP movie.
* ''WebAnimation/HomestarRunner'' of all things is given this treatment by [[TheWikiRule The Homestar Runner Wiki]].
* ConfusedMatthew argues in his epilogue to his No Country for Old Men review that it, and 2001, were created cynically for these sort of people. Didactic elements were peppered into the film in place of characters, dialogue or plot.
* Invoked, Exaggerated and of course [[spoiler:PlayedForLaughs]] on this very wiki [[Literature/TheUglyBarnacle here]].
* Mocked in the WhateleyUniverse when Phase takes a World Literature class on the epic. The papers written on the classical Greek and Roman epics are all flamed by fellow student Majestic. Who happens to be the incarnation of Hera/Juno and ''might actually know more about this than anyone else in the class''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Fillmore}}'' has an episode where the Book Club try to steal the best books from the library for themselves. The head of said club when he is collared and sent to detention rants about how the Book Club deserve them more than others as they are the only ones who appreciate them in the right way and understand things like the subtext of JudyBlume. Ingrid Third points out, "Judy Blume doesn't ''have'' a subtext, but she ''is'' very good."
* A [[http://waluigious.blogspot.com/2008/03/in-which-i-analyze-mama-luigi.html serious investigation]] into the "deep philosophical significance" hidden between the lines of the ''VideoGame/SuperMarioWorld'' cartoon episode and YouTubePoop staple "Mama Luigi".
* ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDooAndTheLochNessMonster'' is at least a little about scientific skepticism, isn't it? Anybody?
** Pretty much every version of Franchise/ScoobyDoo. Whether intentional or not, the fact that every villain in Scooby Doo episodes is a normal person masquerading as a supernatural monster is very much in line with the typical skeptical mindset, which feels that a naturalistic explanation (Old Man Johnson scaring people away from the pirate treasure by dressing up as a werewolf) is much more reasonable and likely than a supernatural one (werewolves exist).
*** Talking dogs, on the other hand, are entirely reasonable.
* [[http://cartoonoveranalyzations.com/ The Journal of Cartoon Overanalyzations]] thrives on, and parodies, this trope.
* ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' parodied this in the episode ''The Tale of Scrotie [=McBoogerballs=]'', in which the boys write a book of absolutely horrible depravity with the express purpose of outclassing ''Literature/TheCatcherInTheRye'''s disappointingly non-vulgar content. But lo and behold, everyone else applies this trope in droves. This can also be seen as a commentary on ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' itself, as well as critics who analyze it.
* In 2005, the journalist Wilker de Jesus Lira wrote a monograph called "O merchandising capitalista no desenho Bob Esponja" (''The capitalist merchandising in the SpongeBob cartoon'') where he attempts to show that SpongeBob preaches the American capitalism that predates the lower classes, saying that "SpongeBob is the perfect capitalist employee, who doesn't rebel against his chief and accepts everything, even if he lives with a misery salary".
** Others have argued that each character represents a deadly sin. Krabs is Greed. Plankton is Envy. Sandy is Pride. Partick is Sloth. Squidward is Wrath. Gary is Gluttony. and Spongebob is ''lust'' (in case anyone is confused, lust is not simply referring to sexual lust, but for a general act of doing what on wants, i.e. hedonism).
* People love applying this to ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''. There's been essays on everything from [[http://www.overthinkingit.com/2011/02/24/my-little-pony-political-economy/ the political makeup of Equestria]] to the application of Jung's shadow archetype to [[LargeHam the Great and Powerful Trixie]] to [[http://www.reddit.com/r/mylittlepony/comments/h12nm/pony_personality_disorders/ psychoanalysis of the main cast, complete with personality disorder diagnoses]]. This is part of a larger trend of overanalysis (often lampshaded as "Today on overanalyzing a child's cartoon..."), which includes the famous [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=muVfidujxRg physics presentation]] that concluded that Applejack is made out of dark matter.
* There is a German cartoon series called ''Benjamin Blümchen & Bibi Blocksberg''. It's about a talking elephant and a school-age witch. That's it. Yet, the German Federal Agency for Civic Education analysed the series, and produced a frighteningly plausible report of how this apparently innocent children's series is heavily politically lopsided agitation material; strongly anti-capitalist, nihilist, and even denouncing the democratic process in favour of popularism. Thus, they classified as being ''harmful'' to a child's political and socialisational development.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Other]]
* Improv comedy troupe/public pranksters Improv Everywhere parodied this trope by setting up a New York subway station as an art gallery, where preexisting objects like trash cans, advertisements and passing trains were the "art". See a video of it [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q6NU5K3k8Xo&feature=player_embedded here]].
* Aversion: UsefulNotes/SigmundFreud would say that unconscious conflicts resolve themselves by being expressed through symbolic stories. So, the fact that an author denies the presence of any deeper meaning to their work (as in the aforementioned ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'', where the idea of a Kansan taking trip to the capital to appeal for help from the ruler seems to be a fitting metaphor for ruritans, mired in a farm crisis, traveling to D.C. to ask the President for aid), does not in and of itself [[{{Jossed}} prove that no such meaning exists]]. [[EpilepticTrees As long as the explanation makes sense, it's worth considering]]; and this is at the root of what makes something art or not. As long as the explanation makes sense....
** [[ScienceMarchesOn Modern psychology]] would go for a subversion: all such meaning comes from the ''person making the argument''. Unconscious symbolism is simply too idiosyncratic & personal, which is also why dream analysis is pretty much gone.
* Any series that maintains a solid internal consistency can be subject to this. It becomes easy to find how a throw-away remark or the viewpoint of an isolated character becomes supported by all the other elements of the work, even if the author never intended or agreed with such statements.
* ''The Official Couch Potato Handbook'' has a page deconstructing ''Series/GilligansIsland'' in terms of Freudian symbology. It's disturbingly plausible.
[[/folder]]
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