->''"Even the theatrical release of Film/TheShawshankRedemption had a Creator/{{TNT}} logo in the corner!"''
-->-- Jebidiah Atkinson, ''[[Series/SaturdayNightLive Weekend Update]]''

This is a subindex to VindicatedByHistory. These are films that usually [[BoxOfficeBomb bombed at the box office in first-run]] and might otherwise have been left to rot in the dust bin of history. Not all of them did, though.

[[NetworkToTheRescue Through frequent airings on premium or basic cable channels]] because they're cheap, handy filler, they gather a devoted audience that sees its [[SoBadItsGood entertainment value]] despite the [[SnarkBait obvious flaws]]. Sometimes, these films bombed when they were first released and were just misunderstood at the time, but a later time period and cable made them popular. Other times, the show in question is aired so often that viewers mistakenly believe it must be some sort of classic...so they keep watching and rewatching it to the point that it ''does'' [[SelfFulfillingProphecy become a classic]]. This can also happen to a film if it gets featured on ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'', and, in fact, is the cause of many a MissingEpisode of said series; after a movie was [=MiSTied=], it often gained in popularity, which raised the price for the rights beyond what Best Brains (or Rhino/Shout Factory) was able to pay.

An interesting effect of this process can happen when the TV rights to sequels of classic movies are cheaper than the rights to the original movie. Thus, while the original was already popular, for generations who grew up after its release, their largest exposure to the franchise is often the sequels. Thus, for certain groups, otherwise detested sequels can be viewed through NostalgiaGoggles.

Compare CriticalDissonance, QualityByPopularVote. BetterOnDVD and VindicatedByReruns are this trope's [[SisterTrope television counterparts]].
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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''MDGeist'' got surprisingly good ratings on SciFiChannel, and when [[ImageBoards 7chan]] was exposed to it through their "Channel 7" streaming TV service, the turnout was rather impressive. The DVD has since been re-released by Creator/ADVFilms after being out of print for years, partly due to the SciFiChannel turnout.
* ''Anime/{{Betterman}}'' was (and still is) a rather obscure anime series when in came to America back in 2002. The reason why anyone today even knows of the series is thanks to the Creator/TechTV ''Anime Unleashed'' broadcasts.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film -- Animation]]
* Since it couldn't compete with Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', ''WesternAnimation/AllDogsGoToHeaven'' was a failure in cinemas. However, home-video rentals made this movie a CultClassic among adults and consequently a popular entry in the Creator/DonBluth canon.
* ''WesternAnimation/CatsDontDance'' was a box-office flop, buried in an Easter-weekend release with scant advertising (and a barely promoted Subway tie-in). At the time, the only people really talking about it were the animation community (who went on to award it the Annie for Best Picture) and the FurryFandom. Eventually, the film did become a CultClassic after its subsequent video release, and airings on Cartoon Network.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheIronGiant'' failed at the box office thanks to Creator/WarnerBros having no faith in the movie. Fortunately, one of those who ''did'' see it was Ted Turner, who loved it so much that he had Creator/CartoonNetwork run a 24-hour marathon of it on UsefulNotes/{{Thanksgiving|Day}}... a tradition that still runs to this day.
* Several of the 2000s Disney Movies, formerly considered to be part of the DorkAge like ''Disney/AtlantisTheLostEmpire'', ''Disney/BrotherBear'', and ''Disney/TreasurePlanet'' have all been received a much better rep outside of theaters..
** Similarly with ''WesternAnimation/TitanAE'', which came 2 years earlier under similar conditions (with an added AnimationAgeGhetto to boot).
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirlsMovie'' had a decent reception with critics and fans, but with Warner Bros. opting to market the LiveActionAdaptation of ''Film/ScoobyDoo'' instead, it was opened against ''Film/StarWars: Film/AttackOfTheClones''. Despite heavy promotion on Cartoon Network, it bombed at the box office. Home video and showings on Cartoon Network and Boomerang helped it gain a strong audience.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSwanPrincess'' bombed at the box office, but made enough money on home video to spawn ''four'' sequels.
* Despite receiving wide acclaim, ''Disney/WinnieThePooh'' made just enough money to make up its $30 million budget due to Disney releasing it in the middle of the summer blockbuster season. It managed to become a big seller on Blu-ray/DVD.
* The combination of a bigger budget than its [[WesternAnimation/ABoyNamedCharlieBrown predecessor]] and being released by a studio (Cinema Center Films) on its last legs helped doom ''WesternAnimation/SnoopyComeHome'' at the box office in 1972. It gained belated success after being frequently featured on HBO in the 80s and Disney in the 90s.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/BloodRayne'' made less than $4 million at the box office WORLDWIDE against its $25 million production budget - yet its near-immediate release to airings on the {{Syfy}} channel (and better-than-expected DVD sales) exposed it to bad-movie connoisseurs and justified two direct-to-video sequels.
* ''Film/BigFatLiar'' was a success at the box office, but it received mixed reviews from critics. DisneyChannel's airings in the mid-2000s helped make it a viewer favorite.
* Attempting to mimic the success of The Kings of Comedy Tour, The Blue Collar Comedy tour bombed in theaters, but did much better on DVD. The two followup movies bypassed the theaters completely after it was realized their audience didn't want to see it in theaters.
* Despite very good reviews, ''Film/ScottPilgrimVsTheWorld'' did poorly in its theatrical release. For one thing, it starred Creator/MichaelCera, whose career was in a tailspin at the time thanks to his TypeCasting in "{{hipster}}" roles. Furthermore, it was directed by [[Creator/EdgarWright a cult British filmmaker]] and based on [[ComicBook/ScottPilgrim an indie comic book]], both of which were largely unknown outside of their respective geek fanbases, limiting its appeal and guaranteeing that it would've struggled at any time of the year. Finally, it was released against ''Film/TheExpendables'', a far more mainstream-friendly action film with a similar target audience and a lot more hype behind it. However, when it hit home video it was a far bigger hit than it had been in theaters, finally becoming the CultClassic that it failed to become initially.
* ''Film/{{Dredd}}'' was another example of an AcclaimedFlop that was redeemed by this trope. It bombed at the box office from many of the same problems ''Scott Pilgrim'' did (an over-reliance on geek and internet buzz, lingering memories of the disastrous [[Film/JudgeDredd 1995 adaptation]] with Creator/SylvesterStallone), but it did so well on DVD and Blu-Ray that there was briefly talk of greenlighting a sequel based solely on home video sales.
* ComedyCentral seems to have rescued ''Film/{{Accepted}}''. Previously, ''{{PCU}}'' was equally AdoredByTheNetwork.
* As with many of the other examples on this page, ''TheAdventuresOfBuckarooBanzaiAcrossThe8thDimension'' was an obvious cult film that its studio unwisely tried to sell to a mainstream audience. It only made $6 million (on a $17 million budget) in theaters. It finally found its cult on cable.
* The 1994 comedy ''Film/{{Airheads}}'' bombed at the box office and was thrashed by critics. But due to the fact that it was played heavily on ComedyCentral during the mid-1990s it has managed to achieve CultClassic status -- especially among fans of hard rock and Music/HeavyMetal music, due to all the rock & roll in-jokes and the cameos by famous rock musicians.
* ''AustinPowers: International Man of Mystery'' did alright at the box office (it recouped its budget), but not exceptionally. It was only when it reached home video that it became a pop culture touchstone and received a sequel.
* ''Film/TheBeastmaster'': The film was a critical and box office failure upon its 1982 release, grossing just $3 million against a $9 million budget. However, it subsequently received significant cable airplay, notably {{HBO}} and {{TBS}}, where it became a TV mainstay and viewer favorite. Its replay was so common that some waggishly dubbed TBS "The Beastmaster Station", and HBO "Hey, Beastmaster's On". Some people might find it hard to believe, but in 1993, ''The Beastmaster'' was playing somewhere in the United States, every hour, for two months. This might not actually be a joke.
* Unlike many other classic comedies, the films starring the team of Bert Wheeler and Robert Woolsey were not shown on television during the Baby Boomer generation, which resulted in virtually no one having any clue who they were after Woolsey's untimely death in 1938. In the '80s and '90s, stations like TCM and AMC began to show Wheeler and Woolsey's movies for the first time in decades -- if it weren't for cable, Wheeler and Woolsey's films would've been completely forgotten decades ago. OK, so they're still not very well-known at all, but among vintage film/comedy fans, Bert n' Bob have a very small but very loyal following, so this trope definitely counts despite the fact that they remain obscure to the general public.
* ''Film/BlackDynamite'' was a flop at the box office due to poor marketing and a distributor change a few months before release, but it got noticed through DVD and airings on the Starz network, which led to an [[WesternAnimation/BlackDynamite animated series]] being greenlighted by Creator/AdultSwim.
* ''Film/{{Scrooge 1951}}'' was a box-office disappointment when released. After being on cable for a few years, it went on to become a classic and considered one of the best adaptations of ''Literature/AChristmasCarol''.
* ''Film/AChristmasStory''. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the film began airing quietly on the "superstations" [[{{TBS}} WTBS]] and WGN as a Thanksgiving movie, where it started to grow in popularity. Because it was a seasonal movie, the studio only ran it for a couple of weeks in December during its original release, so it owes all of its reputation to cable, video and word-of-mouth.
* ''Film/CitizenKane''. While it had received much critical acclaim and nine Oscar nominations (though it only won for Best Original Screenplay), during its release, it was far from a box office hit, due largely to WilliamRandolphHearst using his media empire to bury and smear the film due to its unflattering portrayal of [[NoCelebritiesWereHarmed him]]. It quickly dropped out of the public eye until RKO released its catalogue to television networks.
* ''Film/EddieAndTheCruisers'' was a major and critical flop when it came out in 1983, but when Showtime started to air it, its popularity was such the studio made a sequel, ''Eddie and the Cruisers II: Eddie Lives''. Unfortunately, the movie was considered pretty bad and director of the first film wanted nothing to do with the sequel.
* ''Film/FlashGordon'': Its popularity in America was due in part to airings on HBO.
* ''Film/TheGreatSantini'' was a flop when it was first released due to Warner Bros. not knowing how to handle the film (it was tested in some markets as a war film and others as a drama). Then the film began heavy rotation on HBO, which finally got people to notice how good it really was. The cable airings were also credited for getting RobertDuvall an Academy Award nomination for his performance.
* ''Film/TheIncredibleMrLimpet'' was only a modest success at the box office and receives mixed reviews from critics, but TV and home video turned it into a family favorite.
* ''Film/{{Hook}}'' barely made back its production cost in theaters, but it has become much better received on cable.
* The film ''Film/ItsAWonderfulLife'' didn't make a whole lot of waves upon its release, having received mostly dismissive or negative reviews. One of the few positive reviews was from ''Time'' magazine, and even they complained that it was ultimately superficial and sentimental. However, after it was accidentally released into the public domain in 1974, it became a Christmas standard, and a new generation came to see it as a classic and one of the best films ever made. In this case, it was repeated airings on broadcast stations, not basic cable, that brought the film its new status, but the principle is the same.
** Later, when showing this movie on nearly every TV channel had become a Christmastime tradition, it was discovered that only the images of the movie were actually in the public domain the story on which the film is based, in fact, is still under copyright, as is the musical score. With this revelation, only those broadcasters willing to pay for the rights could show it, and viewers had to tune in to one of those few venues who did for their annual fix.
** It's somewhat of an urban legend that Ted Turner built his media empire on repeated airings of this movie, though that distinction more properly belongs to some of the other films on this page.
* Several of Creator/JohnCarpenter's films (''Film/EscapeFromNewYork'', ''Film/TheThing1982'', ''Film/BigTroubleInLittleChina'', etc...) did much better on cable and home rental than in the theaters. Creator/KurtRussell, who starred in several of said films (including the three mentioned), has remarked a few times that he wouldn't have a career if it weren't for such.
* ''Film/TheLastDragon'' was an odd mix of mid-'80s black culture and '70s MartialArtsMovie genre. A no show in theaters, it found a home on Saturday Afternoon movie blocks. And introduced us all to Sho'Nuff, the Shogun of Harlem, and Bruce Leroy.
* ''Film/TheLegendOfBillieJean'' was a box office bomb during its original release, but started to gain popularity as it began to play on syndicated networks years later.
* The Swedish film ''LetTheRightOneIn'' was an average performer in American theatres (though it grossed over $750,000 and played for five months in one New York theatre) but amassed a large following through DVD and on demand rentals, to the point where it received an American remake two years later.
* ''Film/LoveAndBasketball'' didn't exactly bomb when it came out, but it probably would not be nearly as popular among African-American youth (some of which were only 4 or 5 when the movie came out) if it weren't for the constant repeats on Creator/{{BET}}. The movie even occasionally becomes a ''trending topic'' on Twitter when it's on.
* Two of Creator/MelBrooks' films, ''Film/SpaceBalls'' and ''Film/RobinHoodMenInTights'', received a cold reception when they were first released. The former was the [[CreatorKiller the start of the fall of his directorial career]] while the latter helped the solidify it. Years later, both films have become fan favorites.
* Creator/MikeJudge is one of the kings of this trope. ''Film/OfficeSpace'' is the quintessential example, with tepid box office numbers at best, only becoming a CultClassic after being shown ad nauseum on premium cable (and, later, Creator/ComedyCentral). ''Film/{{Idiocracy}}'' bombed similarly in theaters, a victim of [[ScrewedByTheNetwork zero to no promotion by the distributor]], 20th Century Fox (all the film's [[TakeThat cheap shots]] at the FOX network and [[FoxNewsChannel its news division]] probably didn't help Judge). Thanks once again to cable, the film seems to be well on its way to this trope if it's not already there.
* ''Film/{{Overboard}}'' has been a cable-TV favorite for years despite its limited theatrical success.
* The 1980 live action movie version of ''Film/{{Popeye}}'' also gained CultClassic status thanks to HBO, as did the {{camp}}, glitzy, all-star movie musicals ''Film/{{Tommy}}'' and ''Film/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand''.
* ''Film/ThePrincessBride'' bombed at the cinema (mostly due to terrible marketing), but thanks to VHS and cable it became well known as a great movie.
* Oh, ''Film/RemoWilliamsTheAdventureBegins'', was there a weekend afternoon movie block you '''weren't''' on in the '80s?
* ''Film/TheRockyHorrorPictureShow'' isn't this trope exactly, but is close enough. The film flopped in the initial release, but became a cult classic when it was shown as a midnight movie. To date, ''RHPS'' has grossed over $130 million and has played in theaters for over 30 years.
* ''Film/RoadHouse'': In TheNineties the number of cable channels exploded, all of which needed 24-hour programming. So the rights to lots of cheesy action movies were scooped up, and those movies put into heavy rotation. In particular, Turner (who owned TBS, the so-called "superstation") bought up the entire MGM film library, which just happened to include ''Film/RoadHouse''. And it wasn't long before TBS discovered the movie was drawing phenomenal ratings; Perhaps ''Road House'' is the very reason TBS is a "superstation".
* ''Film/TheRoom'' was only released to a few select theatres in Los Angeles, where it received scant advertising and was slammed by critics. Then Creator/AdultSwim started airing it on AprilFoolsDay every year, and it became the cult phenomenon it is now.
* ''Film/TheShawshankRedemption'' also failed at the box office despite some critical acclaim. Most of its success came from the fact that Ted Turner (who owned Castle Rock Entertainment at the time, and thus owned the rights to the film) loved this movie and made sure it was run almost every weekend on TNT and TBS and it slowly picked up a fanbase and is now considered one of the finest films of all time. (It's been #1 on the {{IMDb}} Top 250 for years.) Even before the television rescue, it was also Vindicated by Video: since it got many AcademyAward nominations (including Best Picture) and was already available in VHS at the time, a lot of people decided to rent it.
* ''Film/SomewhereInTime'' was unsuccessful at the box office. Later cable showings increased its popularity to the point that it had a significant cult following, unusual for a pure romance, along with movie tourists who made yearly pilgrimages to the real-life FrozenInTime Mackinac Island in Michigan to get the full experience of the film.
* ''Film/SpaceCamp'': Endless showings on HBO helped people forget that it was [[TooSoon released not long after the Challenger disaster.]]
* ''Film/TradingPlaces'' was a box office hit, but it might've fallen into obscurity if not for yearly airings around Christmas time.
* ''Film/{{Troy}}'' is a nascent example of the trope, as it flopped in the American box office (but much better overseas) and is a LoveItOrHateIt among critics, but has developed a devoted fanbase since being released to cable and video, possibly in retrospect compared to later films like ''300''.
* Music/WeirdAlYankovic's ''Film/{{UHF}}''. Ironically, it didn't have to be this way. The movie got such an amazing reception by test audiences that Orion Studios decided to put it in direct competition with other movies in the summer of 1989, which included Creator/TimBurton's ''Film/{{Batman}}'', ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheLastCrusade'', ''LethalWeapon2'', ''Film/GhostbustersII'', ''Film/LicenceToKill'' and ''HoneyIShrunkTheKids''. ''UHF'' ultimately got lost in this shuffle. As Al would sing in the commentary, [[CreatorKiller "Orion! Orion! Is bankrupt now!"]].
* ''{{Willow}}'' was not a hit at the 1988 box office, but thanks to video and cable it gradually became a favorite among sword and sorcery fans and children of the 80s and early 90s in general.
* ''Film/WillyWonkaAndTheChocolateFactory'' barely made its budget back in 1971, but went on to become a CultClassic thanks to repeated showings on HBO (and later, TBS).
* ''Film/WingCommander'' was a bomb at the box office, but video rental income has made good the production costs, and given its regular airing on cable channels (particularly non-US ones) it even has something of a genuine fandom (as opposed to a SoBadItsGood one).
* ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' became the classic it is now for being screened over and over on the TV networks.
* ''Film/{{Xanadu}}'': Thanks to premium cable, ''Xanadu'' was exposed to a generation of young girls who later made up a large fanbase for this movie.
* ''Film/{{Zoolander}}''. While it did receive positive critical reception, it came out barely two weeks after the attacks at the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001 and as a result, it tanked. But it did go on to have strong DVD sales and high ratings on cable.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Psychonauts}}'' is a CultClassic. A {{Steam}} sale, however, managed to boost it to that week's number one (''by revenue''), beating out quite a few new releases. It generally occupies the top-seller space on Good Old Games when there isn't a sale going on.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* It's safe to say cable also breathed new life into TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation. After movie theaters stopped running cartoon shorts, series such as ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'', ''WesternAnimation/CasperTheFriendlyGhost'', ''WesternAnimation/ThePinkPanther'', and ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'' (among others) went on to become syndicated and Saturday morning staples and became even more popular than in their original time, to the point where [[OlderThanTheyThink many people will be surprised when you tell them some of these cartoons came out in the 1940s.]]
** ''WesternAnimation/WhatsOperaDoc'' was not recognized as a great cartoon when it was released in 1957, nor was it nominated for an Academy Award. Creator/WarnerBros did not even submit it for consideration.[[note]]Fortunately for them, ''WesternAnimation/BirdsAnonymous'', the installment they ''did'' nominate, got the Oscar.[[/note]]
** ''Film/TheThreeStooges'' went through a similar process to their animated cousins.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:"Vindicated" by Mystery Science Theater 3000]]
* ''Film/ManosTheHandsOfFate'': This 1966 amateur horror film was made by a fertilizer salesman on a dare. It was screened at a few local {{drive-in theater}}s before being shelved and completely forgotten by all but those personally involved in its making. In TheNineties, it was discovered by the makers of ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'' and quickly became known for being the worst film ever featured on the show. The character Torgo, along with his theme music, became a MemeticMutation.
** In the 1995 Video Watchdog, the entry for ''Manos'' was a brief two-sentence entry. The 1996 edition, however, had a four-paragraph entry detailing its badness and its relation to ''[=MST3K=]''.
* ''Film/TheFinalSacrifice'': This low-budget Canadian movie was pretty obscure until [=MST3K=] aired it. Thanks to that, viewers got to know Rowsdower, a very flawed but likable character.
* ''MerlinsShopOfMysticalWonders'': The second half of the film is a recut version of the 1984 horror film {{The Devil's Gift}}. Having been made more family-friendly, this NightmareFuel-laden movie became suitable for ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000''.
* ''PrinceOfSpace'': Dismissed at theaters and forgotten until [=MSTed=], at which point fans realized that it was a very early example of {{Toku}}, and had several supplemental films attached to it.
* ''Film/SpaceMutiny'': This cheesy Sci-fi movie with a well built guy name David Ryder, who ScreamsLikeALittleGirl, got featured on ''Mystery Science Theater 3000''.
* The SoBadItsGood Sandy Frank dub's of the showa ''Franchise/{{Gamera}}'' films, as well as other Toku shows like ''Mighty Jack'' and ''Star Wolf''.
* ''Film/{{Hobgoblins}}'': Suggested to the ''[=MST3K=]'' gang by the person who directed it. "It shoots right to the top of the list of the worst movies we've ever done," writer Paul Chaplin commented. Enough interest was generated in it that a sequel was made for it, 21 years after its original premier.
* Although not technically a film, the advertisement ''Film/MrBNatural'', was so popular that [=MST3K=] and Rhino Home Video had trouble getting the rights to it again after it first appeared on television.
* In an interesting case, ''Film/PartsTheClonusHorror'' was a bomb when it was first released, its exposure on [=MST3K=] not only allowed the movie to be rereleased on DVD to be seen whole (and in its original title, ''Clonus''), but also helped its director when he sued Creator/MichaelBay for his movie ''Film/TheIsland''.
[[/folder]]
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