[[quoteright:330:[[Webcomic/{{Earthsong}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/MintyFresh_9668.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:330:If she'd simply ''eaten'' the garlic, she wouldn't be in this mess.]]

Vampiric Draining is a characteristic of certain supernatural creatures. These creatures nourish themselves by draining some vital element from living beings. It may be blood or other bodily fluids, [[EmotionEater mental or emotional energy]], LifeEnergy, or [[{{Mana}} magical or spiritual power]].

The effects of being the victim of Vampiric Draining depend on how much vitality the Vampiric Drainer took from you, and range from temporary tiredness to chronic exhaustion, to either shortening of lifespan or RapidAging (thus overlapping with LiquidAssets), to death. The victim may also [[TheVirus transform into the same type creature that fed upon him]].

Draining LifeEnergy is a bit more common for "vampiric" creatures that are closer to the sci-fi end of the MagicVersusScience spectrum. The trope can also include "vampiric" weapons - that is, {{Evil Weapon}}s that perform Vampiric Draining upon either their wielder or felled enemies/victims.

There are many motivations for draining others. Some of them include:
* Food (classic-style vampires)
* [[ThePowerOfBlood Enhancing their power]]
* Satisfying a [[HemoErotic blood-consumption]] [[BloodLust fetish]], HorrorHunger or other psychological addiction

SuperTrope to KissOfTheVampire (where the vampiric feeding is either tolerable or pleasurable to the "victim") and VampireBitesSuck (where the feeding is not a nice experience for the victim).

Particular types of draining can be found in LifeDrinker, EmotionEater, and YourSoulIsMine.

Often overlaps with HorrorHunger. May involve BloodLust if that's the substance that's drained. See also OurVampiresAreDifferent, and SupernaturallyDeliciousAndNutritious.

Not to be confused with LifeDrain and ManaDrain, which are stealing HitPoints and ManaPoints from an opponent for yourself respectively.

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime And Manga]]
* ''Manga/{{Bleach}}''
** Hollows feed on spiritual energy as a secondary source of nourishment (the primary being the "hearts" of both living and dead Humans). Sources include humans, Soul Reapers and other hollows.
** Another example would be [[AlmightyJanitor Ayasegawa Yumichika]]. This [[MoreThanMeetsTheEye ordinary]] {{Bishonen}} BloodKnight is [[ObfuscatingStupidity hiding]] his [[CoverBlowingSuperpower true power]], which [[EnergyAbsorption drains the spiritual energy]] of his target. When he does [[LetsGetDangerous decide]] to use it, his battles end with a [[CurbStompBattle single strike]]. He can then use the drained energy to heal his wounds.
* ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima'' Evangeline A.K. McDowell]] has the standard "vampire sucking blood" variant. She doesn't actually need blood to survive, but drinking it causes her to gain strength.
* Several ''Youkai'' in ''Manga/InuYasha'', as is, occasionally, the title character's sword.
* Okoi from ''Manga/{{Basilisk}}'' can suck the blood of her enemies by touching their skin with hers. She vomits the blood out afterwards though, so it's basically just a way to attack and nothing more.
* ''Manga/JojosBizarreAdventure'' has vampires in the first three parts, each of which feed on blood... with their ''fingers''. They need it to heal their wounds (and in Dio Brando's case, [[spoiler:to finalize the connection of his head to Jonathan Joestar's body]]). Part 4 gives us the Stand Highway Star, which breaks down a person's body by draining the nutrients from their cells; its user uses the stolen nutrients to help him recover from grievous wounds suffered in a motorcycle accident.
* The [[spoiler:true form of the Juubi]] in ''Franchise/{{Naruto}}'' is capable of draining all of a shinobi's chakra in seconds. This is invariably fatal.
* ''Anime/WickedCity''. The Black World radical masquerading as a call girl absorbs [[spoiler:Giuseppe]] into herself and drains almost all of his LifeEnergy.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books]]
* In the MarvelUniverse, Selene is a "psychic vampire" who can drain the LifeEnergy of human beings into herself. If she drains the victim's entire life force their bodies crumble into dust. She must drain life force on a regular basis to renew her vitality and youthful appearance. She can use absorbed life force to enhance her physical strength, speed, stamina, agility, reflexes, and durability to superhuman levels.
* Non-villainous example: Rogue of the ''ComicBook/{{X-Men}}'' has this due to her mutation, enabling her to drain LifeEnergy and temporarily borrow someone else's powers. Because of PowerIncontinence, she can't touch anyone without draining their strength, which is [[BlessedWithSuck understandably harsh on her social life]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Fan Works]]
* The wraiths on the Plains of Death in ''Fanfic/WithStringsAttached'' feed off Paul's life energy—except he has so much that they explode from overeating.
* Doraku from ''FanFic/{{A Growing Affection}}'' is a rather AffablyEvil and polite man who outright explains to a captive Naruto, Sakura, Hinata and Lee that he falls under "enhance his power" from drinking blood (he insists that his demon clan aren't vampires but did inspire them) saying he gains whatever ability the person has. He never drinks someone to death though just tastes the blood and it works. Has the side effect of enslaving people he drinks.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film]]
* ''Film/{{Lifeforce}}''. The three space vampires drain LifeEnergy from humans to sustain themselves (and to store in their ship for future use during their long hibernations). The humans they drain become zombies who must drain LifeEnergy from other humans every two hours or be turned to dust.
* In ''Film/ScannerCopII'', psychic 'scanner' Carl Volkin devours the lifeforce of other scanners to add to his own power. Staziak even compares him to a vampire at one point.
* In the ''Film/XMen'' movies, Rogue can do this through touch.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Folklore and Mythology]]
* [[HornyDevils Succubi]], in some presentations, drain the life-force of their victims through sexual contact. White Court vampires in ''TheDresdenFiles'' are one example. [[TheInternetIsForPorn In some cases]], the life-force is carried in the victim's semen, which the succubus has to, um, ingest.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature]]
* The Others in the ''Literature/NightWatch'' can collect the emotional energy of the {{Muggles}} and convert it into mana. In a twist, the [[LightIsNotGood nominally-good Light]] Others can only "feed" on positive emotions, whereas the [[DarkIsNotEvil "bad" Dark]] Others take away painful and unpleasant feelings.
** Should be noted though that in order to have emotions to feed upon, the Light Others foster positive emotions in their environment, whereas Dark Others foster negative emotions.
** This is expanded in later novels, when Anton finally figures out that the Others are parasites, and magic proficiency is determined by a person's own ratio of magic production vs. absorption. Humans produce more magic than they absorb, while the Others absorb more than they produce, allowing them to use it. The higher the absorption/production ratio, the more powerful the Other. Zero-level Others only absorb and can do anything they want with ease. This also means that being far away from humans (say, in orbit or on another planet) would render an Other powerless.
*** In one book, a disillusioned Other wishes to turn every human into an Other using an ancient magical text. While the obvious problem with this is mentioned (i.e., absolute chaos), it is not mentioned that it would also drastically reduce the supply of magic in the world, making it almost impossible to cast spells.
* In the novels of ''Literature/{{Deverry}}'', several of Rhodry's prior incarnations are unintentionally killed by their lover, a former air elemental who was transformed into something akin to a succubus by a Guardian. She used the drained energy to gradually make her manifestation form more human.
* Vardalek in Eric, Count Stenbock's ''True Story of a Vampire'' appears to be what we'd recognize as a psychic vampire, gradually draining the life from [[{{Shotacon}} his prepubescent thrall]].
* The weaponized variant of Vampiric Draining shows up in the Kull the Conqueror story "Riders Beyond the Sunrise," where Kull confronts his ArchEnemy, [[DoomyDoomsOfDoom Thulsa Doom]]. The sorcerer wields a sword that slowly saps Kull's strength and transfers it to Doom, allowing him to fight without tiring while Kull gets weaker and weaker. Disarming Doom and swapping his normal sword for the magical blade allows Kull to defeat the sorcerer.
* The dementors from the ''Literature/HarryPotter'' series.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* The Fangire, and indeed most of the Demon Races seen in ''Series/KamenRiderKiva''.
* The Wraith from ''Series/StargateAtlantis'' feed on the life force of humans. Being fed upon by a wraith shortens the victim's lifespan, and produces RapidAging. It provides the Wraith with both bodily nourishment, and fuel for their HealingFactor. Notably, Wraith can also work this ability ''backwards'', de-aging someone. They usually use both to "train" captive humans, eventually getting them addicted to the Wraith. This is how they control Wraith-worshipers, whenever it's necessary to use humans (e.g., infiltration).
* Classic ''Series/TheTwilightZone'' episode "Queen of the Nile". A middle-aged actress named Pamela Morris is actually thousands of years old - she maintains her youth by draining the LifeEnergy of young men.
* The final season of ''Series/EarthFinalConflict'' introduces the Atavus, the original race that split into Taelons and Jaridians. Being away from their homeworld, they have to replenish their energy on a daily basis by feeding on sentient beings (in this case, humans) using their energy claws. The subject doesn't survive the process. The Atavus found that they really enjoy the feeding process. Their chambers allow them to create human/Atavus hybrids who also have this ability.
* In ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'', [[Characters/SupernaturalDjinn the djinn]] drain blood or fear from their victims.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Other Sites]]
* ''Wiki/SCPFoundation''
** [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-472 SCP-472 ("The Bloodstone")]]. Anyone who goes within 18 meters of SCP-472 will lose up to 1.35 percent of their biomass. It's implied in the article that it's somehow feeding on its victims by draining their blood.
** [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-522 SCP-522 ("Blood-draining Carpet")]]. When a human being stands on the middle of the carpet, it will wrap itself around the person, insert thousands of hairs into the them and drain them of all of their blood in a few minutes.
** [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-742 SCP-742 ("Retrovirus")]]: People infected with SCP-742 will drain the bone marrow from other humans. The stem cells in the marrow allow them to cease aging, and stem cells taken from fetuses allow them to create a SCP-742 filled fluid that they can infect into other humans in order to infect them.
** [[http://scp-wiki.net/scp-932 SCP-932 ("Night Feeder")]]. If the creatures are not fed they will attack people who are awake. This will so severely drain the victim that they will be rendered comatose and eventually die of a heart attack. The draining process has the side effect of allowing the creatures to reproduce.
** [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-1529 SCP-1529 ("King of the Mountain")]]. After SCP-1529 uses its HypnoticEyes to take control of a victim, it approaches them and drains their heat energy, causing them to die of hypothermia.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons''
** The Cerebral Parasite and Brain Mole fed on psionic energy, which could kill their victim.
** Not to mention actual [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampires]], who feed on both blood (Constitution points) and life force (negative levels), and Wights (weaker undead who drain life through slam attacks).
** The 3rd Edition spell Death Knell drains the LifeEnergy from a dying creature, killing it. Doing so increases your strength, your {{Hit Point}}s and adds 1 to your CharacterLevel for the purposes of spellcasting.
** Original D&D Supplement IV ''Gods, Demi-Gods & Heroes''
*** In the Melnibonean mythos, the rune sword Stormbringer [[YourSoulIsMine feeds on souls]] and LifeEnergy. The monster Quaolnargn consumes LifeEnergy. Vampire trees can send their leaves through the air to suck the blood out of their victims.
*** In the Hyborian mythos based on Creator/RobertEHoward's ''Literature/ConanTheBarbarian'' stories, the Kraken feeds on human [[YourSoulIsMine souls]] and LifeEnergy from its victims. The deities Tsathoggus and Yezud and the monstrous Vampire Gorgon of Akhlat all consume LifeEnergy. The vampire vine sucks the blood out of its victims.
** ''TabletopGame/DarkSun'' campaign setting. On the world of Athas the creature known as the thrax can drain all of the water out of an intelligent creature by touch. If it uses this attack on a human and the human survives, they may turn into a thrax themselves.
** ''Magazine/{{Dragon}}'' magazine #238 article "The Return of the Wizards Three". The spell Scourge of Stars creates a magical whip that drains HitPoints from creatures it hits and bestows them on the caster. If the caster is injured the extra HitPoints heal those injuries first. If any are left over they heal any future injuries for the duration of the spell.
** ''World of TabletopGame/Greyhawk Fantasy Game Setting'' boxed set (1983) "Glossography" booklet. In the adventure "The Lost Passage of the Suloise", the evil entity known as the Mother will drain the levels (LifeEnergy) of any creature inside its body.
* The Alu-demon drains LifeEnergy by touching a living creature. Each touch drains 1-8 HitPoints and cures 1-4 HitPoints of damage the Alu-demon has taken.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}''. Many Awakened creatures have the Essence Drain ability, which allows them to drain Essence (life/magical energy) in order to restore the Essence they lose due to their Essence Loss weakness.
* The Vampiric Bite and more generic Leech powers from ''{{GURPS}}''.
* All Elohim in ''TabletopGame/DemonTheFallen'' require Divine Faith to live and cast magic, and the only way the Fallen can obtain it is from humans, the image of {{God}}. For this, they can either reveal themselves to certain humans and let their Faith trickle to them constantly, or reap them for all their Faith in a one-time boost. Unlike vampires, demons don't actually expend Faith by merely existing.
* ''Space Gamer Fantasy Gamer'' magazine #7, article "Villains Finish First!". The super villain Vampire Prince of Darkness can use his power Drain [[LifeEnergy Life Force]] on an opponent to weaken their soul.
* Mongoose Publishing's ''Strontium Dog'' RPG. The alien criminal Xen the Brainwraith enters a victim's skull, settles around the brain and exerts MindControl over the victim. Each day it remains in the victim's head it drains a point from one of the victim's four physical characteristics (Intelligence, Strength, Endurance and Dexterity, in that order). When the victim's Intelligence is reduced to zero the victim becomes a zombie. When all four reach zero the victim dies. It has killed hundreds, if not thousands of people.
* This is one possible (though far from the only) use for the generic "Drain" power in the ''HeroSystem'', which depending on precisely how it is defined can temporarily lower ''any'' characteristic or power and isn't hard to link with an appropriate Aid effect to the character's (or monster's) own. At least one earlier edition provided both effects in one convenient package via the separate Transfer power, but Sixth Edition no longer includes this; the Drain/Aid combination can model pretty much any desired effect along the lines of this trope with more flexibility, anyway.
* The Dark Eldar in ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' work like this, due to the curse Slaanesh the god(dess) of pleasure put on them. Dark Eldar feed on soul energy, and one of the most effective ways to gain it is torture their victims in absolutely horrifying and unimaginable ways. They need to do this to keep themselves young, otherwise they'll rapidly age and die, and then fall into the clutches of Slaanesh who's in hell waiting for them.
* ''TabletopGames/LejendaryAdventures''
** The Peccant permanently drain the Health (LifeEnergy) of human and humanoid victims and add it to its own health.
** A Volitant Bruholak can do this too, but from any living creature.
** A Nosferatu can do this by biting a victim, but keeps the Health only temporarily.
** An Apparition can drain Speed (movement), Precision (dexterity) or Health by touch and temporarily add it to its own.
** The Shadowling can drain Health and add it to its Health/Free Will for one hour.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Rolemaster}}'' ''Shadow World'' supplement ''Jaiman: Land of Twilight'', adventure "Cult of the Third Moon". The Priestess of the title cult performs a human sacrifice ceremony at midnight in order to drain the LifeEnergy of the victim and maintain her immortality.
* ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu''. Several CthulhuMythos creatures can drain blood.
** Byakhee can drain blood by biting a victim. Each round thereafter the byakhee will drain 1-6 points of the victim's Strength until it reaches zero and the victim dies.
** If a chthonian's tentacle hits a victim it inserts itself into their body and starts draining blood and other bodily fluids. This drains 1-6 points of Constitution per round from the victim. If a victim is hit by more than one tentacle each one drains 1-6 Con/turn. The lost Constitution cannot be regained. When the victim reaches zero Constitution it dies.
** When a Dark Young of Shub-Niggurath grabs someone with a tentacle, it holds the victim to its mouth and drains 1-3 points of Strength per round. The lost Strength cannot be regained.
** Shub-Niggurath drains victims with its mouths the same as its Dark Young, but drains bodily fluids at a rate of 1-6 points of Strength per round.
** After a star vampire grabs a victim with its talons it can bite and drain blood from it at a rate of 1-6 points of Strength per round.
** If hungry, Tsathoggua holds a victim against his body and drains 1 point from each of the victim's characteristics (Strength, Constitution, Size, Intelligence, Power, Dexterity, and Appearance. Each full month of hospital care restores 1 point to each characteristic.
** Early versions of the rules had regular vampires. Their bite could drain 1d6 Strength points of blood per round.
* Classic ''TabletopGames/{{Traveller}}''
** ''Journal of the Travellers' Aid Society'' #4. Since the Reticulan Parasite (based on the ''Franchise/{{Alien}}'' xenomorph) doesn't eat the bodies of the creatures it kills, it's been speculated by biologists that it uses the victims' LifeEnergy to sustain itself.
** Judges Guild adventure ''Darthanon Queen''. The randomly created Dyson monster could regenerate damage by absorbing the LifeEnergy of the humans it killed.
* Fantasy Games Unlimited's ''TabletopGame/{{Aftermath}}''. Vampires are human beings mutated by biological agents or radiation. They consume blood drained from captured humans.
* ''TabletopGame/GammaWorld'' adventure GW1 ''Legion of Gold''. In the buggem lair, the parn embryots will jump onto victims' heads or shoulders, bite them and suck out their bodily fluids at a rate of 10 HitPoints per combat round.
* ''Carcosa: Weird Science-Fantasy Horror Setting''. In hex 2107 a Spawn of Shub-Niggurath drains blood on a successful hit, doing 1 die of damage per round.
* ''It Came from the Late, Late Show''. The Energy Form alien floats around draining the life force (LifeEnergy) of its human victims.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Toys]]
* [[{{Bionicle}} Gorast]], after exposure to Pit Mutagen. Not surprisingly, given her mosquito-like appearance.
** also Krika, who had to drain body heat from living things to stay alive.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games]]
* VideoGame/{{Metroid}}s, from the series of the same name, feed on life energy and leave their victims as dessicated husks.
** At least one specimen is able to [[InvertedTrope inject energy into others]], too.
* {{Nasuverse}}:
** The True Ancestors, who go insane if they completely abstain for too long, but don't actually ''require'' it for sustaining their themselves; the addiction is a purely psychological.
** The Dead Apostles, however, require blood for physical sustenance, making them closer to the classical vampires in this regard.
** Rider from ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'', who is decidedly '''not''' a vampire, but rather [[spoiler:a Gorgon (namely, Medusa)]].
* ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'''s Blood Elves, who used to be able to suck the magic out of anything to sate their addiction to mana and keep from degenerating into "lost ones", they no longer possess this ability since their sunwell was restored. The Darkfallen, corrupted elves in the service of the Lich King, take this further by actually consuming blood.
* Venom needs to absorb his victim's energies in ''VideoGame/UltimateSpiderMan''.
* Darth Nihilus from the second ''VideoGame/KnightsOfTheOldRepublic'' game, feeds on the life energy of others through TheForce to sate his endless hunger (since he has no connection of his own to The Force). He has done this to ''[[PlanetEater entire planets]]''.
* The Dark Hand in ''VideoGame/DarkSouls'' uses the Dark Soul of the Undead to drain humanity in its grab attack. Can be used a limited number of times on [=NPCs=], too.
* In ''VideoGame/BrainDead13'', Vivi will do this to Lance if he doesn't make a choice of either a shave, manicure, or facial quick enough. And the result is downright unpleasant: though over in a split-second, we see Lance visibly shrivelled into a mummy-like state as a result of her appetite.
** Also, the ghosts with [[JacobMarleyApparel nooses around their necks]] will possess Lance and drain the living soul out of him!
* ''VideoGame/DungeonCrawl'' has the Vampiric Draining spell, which is more of a life-force drain. It's one of the few renewable ways that [[BlessedWithSuck Deep Dwarves]] can heal.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/{{Endstone}}'', [[http://endstone.net/2010/01/14/issue-3-webpage-9/ Cole can do this.]]
* The creatures in the Shocking Horror arc of ''Webcomic/BreakpointCity'' (begins [[http://www.breakpointcity.com/archives/2003/09/24/screaming-skull/ here]]) do this via spikes through the forehead.
* ''Earthsong'': The 'vampire' species normally [[http://www.earthsongsaga.com/vol2/109.html drink blood]], but those with soulstone power can [[http://www.earthsongsaga.com/vol2/87.html feed]] on life energy instead. This also means [[FriendlyNeighborhoodVampire Tristram]] can invert this, channeling energy ''into'' people to heal them. He can also drain energy from [[VegetarianVampire plants]] instead of sentient beings.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Original]]
* In the ''Literature/WhateleyUniverse'', this is one of Vamp's powers. If she draws too much energy from the victim (say, a mutant with Energizer powers) she tends to go bananas until it wears off.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/JonnyQuest'' TOS episode "The Invisible Monster". The title creature can drain the [[LifeEnergy energy from a human body]] by touch, thus "consuming" the person.
* Given their fangs and WordOfGod claiming they were based on succubi, it's ''very'' heavily implied the Changelings feed this way on ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''. The show's time slot won't allow for any more details than "they feed on love", however.
** If you consider the IDW comics to be canon, then this is ''very much confirmed'' with a side order of NightmareFuel. [[http://i29.photobucket.com/albums/c282/Hyaroo/MLPFIM_3_TheGroup_006_zps5b02e8c1.jpg?t=1360615219 Take a gawk.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Real Life]]
* [[CaptainObvious Vampire bats]].
* Ticks, lice, fleas, mosquitoes, and leeches all drink blood, but are so small that they don't individually do significant harm (unless they transmit a disease).
** Also, bedbugs. They aren't vectors for any diseases, so at least they won't cause a disease outbreak. But infestations tend to be persistent. They're astoundingly hardy, seem to actively prefer humans, can go for months without needing to eat, [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and can leave thousands of annoying, scratchy bites all over you]]. There is a reason why most landlords tend to put some sort of clause in the new lease stating that you'll be held financially accountable for an infestation if it can be traced back to bugs that came with you.
[[/folder]]
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