[[quoteright:348:[[WebAnimation/TeenGirlSquad http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ygsyeah_8793.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:348:[[BlatantLies You can't make this stuff up.]]]]

->''"I have a friend of a friend who brought home a dog from Mexico, then he shaved it. It turns out someone had stolen its kidney and replaced it with a Polaroid picture of my toothbrush up Creator/RichardGere's ass. Go figure!"''
-->-- '''Creator/LewisBlack'''

''This is a true story. Happened to a friend of a friend of mine...''

An Urban Legend is a story which imparts information or AnAesop (explicit or implicit) and which purports to be the account of a true event which happened locally, fairly recently, and to someone the teller knows (often a "friend of a friend"). Even though the story is supposedly merely secondhand, it has usually been passed along through several sources and altered in the telling (to make it more 'local,' plausible, or what have you). Some folklorists, like Jan Brunvand or the couple who run {{Snopes}}.com, collect these critters and try to evaluate their claims.

Urban legends are sensational by definition, which makes them attractive to audiences and enticing to the media. They show up most often as the Case of the Week on television {{Police Procedural}}s, though dramas or even sitcoms have been known to borrow a legend and make it come true for one of the main characters. There are a small but increasing number of shows dedicated to proving/disproving their basis in reality; the most popular of these is ''Series/MythBusters'', followed closely by the cable series ''Series/PennAndTellerBullshit''. Newspapers also pick up urban legends as filler articles; you can recognize them as stories that sound too weird to be true and surprisingly vague in the details (no names given for the people involved, for example). Yet even factual details are no guarantee of a true account: any Snopes article will show that the names, dates and locations frequently get changed to protect the non-existent.

The moral of an urban legend often employs a bit of ScareEmStraight, to drive the lesson home or merely for the sake of humour (The Franchise/CabbagePatchKids one, for example, was a joke). After all, these legends won't get passed along if no one wants to retell them. This is not to say that urban legends are all pure fiction. The most convincing of them contain a grain of truth (i.e. a less interesting but factual story) which becomes sensationalized or completely distorted to bring the message a bit closer to home. Instead of some unknown Alice suffering bizarre consequences after a cocaine overdose, it was Drew Barrymore. Instead of the gruesome murder occurring in a far away country, it coincidentally happened right ''here'', not far from where ''you'' live, and the Bad Guys who did it are people who aren't like ''us'' (foreigners, people of different races or cultures, junkies, celebrities, criminals...)

Needless to say, urban legends make just as free with the message at the heart of the tale as they do with the facts of the story, so expect {{Broken Aesop}}s, {{Fantastic Aesop}}s, and all sorts of ValuesDissonance.

See UrbanLegendOfZelda for examples concerning video games. Not to be confused with ConspiracyTheory, where politics is clearly involved.

Tropes associated with urban legends include:

* AncientAstronauts
* {{Area 51}}
* TheBermudaTriangle
* BewareOfHitchhikingGhosts
* BigfootSasquatchAndYeti
* BulletCatch
* BullSeeingRed
* TheCallsAreComingFromInsideTheHouse
* {{Chupacabra}}
* CockADoodleDawn
* CowTipping
* CropCircles
* {{Curse}}
* DangerTakesABackseat (high-beams version)
* DeliveryStork
* DepravedKidsShowHost
* ElvisLives
* HookHand
* KidnappingBirdOfPrey
* MicrowaveTheDog (wet-pet version)
* TheMostDangerousVideoGame
* OrganTheft
* OstrichHeadHiding
* OurCryptidsAreMoreMysterious
* PinPullingTeeth
* PyramidPower
* RazorApples
* ReligionIsMagic
* SaintBernardRescue
* TheScottishTrope
* {{Seers}}
* SewerGator
* SmashedEggsHatching
* SnuffFilm
* SpeakOfTheDevil ("Bloody Mary" version)
* StockNessMonster
* SubliminalSeduction
* ThirteenIsUnlucky
* VaginaDentata
* WolvesAlwaysHowlAtTheMoon

If you were looking for the film by this name, [[Film/UrbanLegend look right here]].


* There was a widespread myth that the little kid from the Life Cereal commercials had died from trying out a deadly combination of Pop Rocks and Soda. As it turns out, no, the dude's still alive, and in his mid-40s today. Plus, the Series/MythBusters proved that six 12-ounce cans of cola and six packages of Pop Rocks would only cause considerable pain to the subject (and even then, only if both [[ExpospeakGag gas release mechanisms]] were blocked), as the reaction did not produce the amount of carbon dioxide necessary for stomach rupture.

[[folder: Anime & Manga]]
* In the anime ''LightNovel/{{Baccano}}'', the [[TheMafia Mafia]] assassin Vino takes on the persona of the Rail Tracer, an urban legend about a monster that stalks trains.
** Even better, FridgeLogic makes one realize that he is the one who started his own urban legend. Awesome.
* In the manga ''Manga/{{Chobits}}'', there is an urban legend that there are special Persocoms (humanoid computers) called "Chobits" that have real emotions and free will instead of just having emotions programmed into them.
* Urban legends are a major theme of ''DennouCoil'', particularly how everyone tends to interpret them differently. Questions such as "Just what are kirabugs/Illegals/Michiko, really?" are asked and answered many, many times over the course of the series, and everyone seems to have a different version.
* ''{{Durarara}}'' is in large part about these.
* The 90's OVA ''Gakkou No Yuurei'' (School Ghosts): Each episode consists of several spooky [[AnimatedAnthology vignettes]], which are allegedly based on real experiences.
* The manga ''HanakoAndTheTerrorOfAllegory'' deals with these.
* ''Anime/ParanoiaAgent'' concerns urban legends that are created and become increasingly real.
* In ''Anime/SerialExperimentsLain'' it seems that Internet memes start leaking into reality, resulting in alien sightings, and suchlike. Also things like ghosts and TheMenInBlack seem to actually exist, though in manner slightly different than the legends would indicate.
* Episode 4 of ''Manga/ACertainScientificRailgun'' features two Urban Legends. One of them is the undressing woman and the other one is a guy who can nullify anything. You get to see the first one, and the second one is obviously the hero of the whole series itself: Touma.
** Urban Legends tie into the plot of ''Railgun'' (not so much ''Index'') a lot, as the girls seem to enjoy following Urban Legends as a hobby. Often, the legends have some grain of truth in them, and investigating the legend is what leads to the arc's conflict with some dark aspect of Academy City.
* ''Gakkou no Kaidan'' (perhaps better known from the ''GhostStories'' GagDub) is a kid's Novel / Anime series about, you guessed it, traditional Japanese ghost stories set in an elementary school. Some of the legends are specifically about school ghosts (something the Japanese seem to have in abundance, given the important role school plays in their culture) and some are more generic, but all of them are explained in the DVD extras.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''The Big Book Of Urban Legends'' was a graphic novel anthology published in 1994, collecting 200 tales of "folklore for our times".
* One famous comic book urban legend is that artist Wally West deliberatedly drew PowerGirl's breasts larger until someone told him to stop. There is, however, no verifiable evidence of this.
* It's claimed that DonaldDuck comics were [[BannedInChina banned in Finland]] because he [[HalfDressedCartoonAnimal doesn't wear pants.]] Actually, Donald Duck is [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff quite popular in Finland.]]

* In film, the movies ''Film/UrbanLegend'' and ''Film/UrbanLegendsFinalCut'' deal with killers who take inspiration from these.
** The third film, ''Film/UrbanLegendsBloodyMary'', has the actual urban legend committing the murders.
* The ''Film/{{Candyman}}'' series of movies, whose villain is based on the "Bloody Mary" legend.
* The movie ''Film/DeadManOnCampus'' has a plot dealing with the urban legend that you get straight A's in your college classes if your roommate commits suicide...
** ...as did a lesser known film titled ''The Curve'' starring Matthew Lillard, Michael Vartan, and Keri Russell.
* While many of the stories (especially the Cousin Walter stories) told by characters in Creator/KevinSmith's movies may seem like urban legends, the only one that actually ''is'' based on one; Cousin Walter keeps getting cats stuck up his ass, in an attempt to get a gerbil out of there.
* In ''Film/SuicideKings'', one of the yuppie kidnappers tells one about the RetiredMonster they're holding hostage, to stave off LimaSyndrome. It turns out to be true, except not as gruesome as the reality.
* Creator/PaulThomasAnderson's ''Film/{{Magnolia}}'' starts off by presenting three urban legends as fact.
* The film ''Film/GrownUps'' includes [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_uqN43qX8-M a scene]] based on the [[http://www.snopes.com/science/poolpiss.asp urine-detecting dye myth]].
* ''Urbania'' references many of these and is partially told as one.
* There are urban legends in the 1939 film adaptation of ''Film/TheWizardOfOz''. For a long time, people thought that a crowned crane in the scene where Dorothy, the Scarecrow, and the Tin Man resume their journey was a guy hanging himself. You can blame the bad image quality.
** And of course, most notably, the Music/PinkFloyd ''Music/TheDarkSideOfTheMoon'' soundtrack synching legend. Vigorously denied by the band, who have pointed out that the audio technology necessary to make the film soundtrack and rock album synch this precisely with each other didn't exist in 1973.
*** The soundtrack synching legend was later referenced as an EasterEgg[=/=]ShoutOut parody by WebVideo/TheAngryVideoGameNerd in his review of the videogame adaptation; but unlike Pink Floyd, who have said the synching with the film was unintentional, the creators of the episode at Cinemassacre did the synching of the album and the episode as intentional and [[ThrowItIn placed in a few bits and clues, like a plane,]] to make the synching work, as described [[http://cinemassacre.com/2008/08/04/dark-side-of-the-nerd/ in their blog]].
* An urban legend is that one scene in the movie ''Film/ThreeMenAndABaby'' has a ghost of a little boy standing by the window in Ted Danson's apartment. Legend says that the film was shot in an apartment where this boy got killed. It's actually just a cardboard cut-out of Danson (intended for a DeletedScene), and the apartment was actually a movie studio set.
* ''Series/KamenRiderFourze'' states that the previous stories of all Kamen Riders before it have been passed down as these.
* At the very beginning of the first ''{{Film/Saw}}'' film, one of the first things Adam does after waking up in a bathtub is to ask Dr. Gordon if he's got any surgical scars, convinced that someone has stolen his kidney. Dr. Gordon informs him that it's an Urban Legend; if someone had really taken Adam's kidney, he'd either be in excruciating pain right now, or dead.
* The hoverboards in ''Film/BackToTheFuturePartII'' were claimed to be real by some people. Unfortunately, the models didn't work well and they were never sold. This urban legend resurfaced in 2014 when a video was shown featuring Christopher Lloyd demonstrating what seemed to be a real one. This video is also a hoax and was made by Website/CollegeHumor.
* ''Film/KingKongVsGodzilla'' does not have MultipleEndings in the American and Japanese versions (one where King Kong wins and one where Godzilla wins), as claimed by some people. WordOfGod says that the winner in both versions is [[spoiler: King Kong.]]
* UsefulNotes/RonaldReagan was never seriously considered to [[TheOtherMarty star]] in the movie {{Film/Casablanca}}.
* ''Film/TheCannonballRun'' has a scene very similar to a certain urban legend. It's the scene in which the Subaru team applies a little stealth at night by using a quieted engine and infrared goggles to drive and confusing a pair of police officers. The legend has this as a drug runner doing the same. It's unknown if the legend inspired the scene, the scene inspired the legend, or they developed independently.
* ''Film/TheTerminal'' is based on the urban legend of a foreign national who's forced to live in an airport due to a bureaucratic screw-up. Notably, this is one of a few urban legends that's true.

* There is also a book called ''The Beheaded Freshman and Other Gruesome Tales''. The lead tale (from the title) is about a freshman wanting to get into an elite club but the people blindfold him and kneel him down, saying they are going to behead him. They describe one raising the axe high over his head (the freshman thinks it is a prank) and then drop a cool washcloth on his neck. The freshman screams the moment the cool touches his neck (thinking it is cold steel) and collapses. Scared, the others call an ambulance; Seems the freshman had a heart problem that the others did not know and the fright caused a heart attack. Whoops!
* Parodied in the Literature/{{Discworld}} novel ''Witches Abroad'', which claims that, thanks to the TheoryOfNarrativeCausality, not only do urban myths really happen, but they happen ''repeatedly''. It also applies to fairy tale plots, which Nanny Ogg calls "rural myths" at one point.
* Jan Harold Brunvand has written a series of books detailing urban legends, including ''The Vanishing Hitchhiker'', ''The Choking Doberman'' and others.
* [[TheAreasOfMyExpertise The city of Chicago.]]
* British writer Jeffery Archer often uses urban legends as the basis of a story (although he seems to believe they are true). His short story collection ''A Twist Of a Tale'' contains several, most notably a story based on [[http://www.snopes.com/horrors/madmen/backseat.asp "the killer in the back seat"]]. (Otto of ''TheSimpsons'' actually told Bart and Lisa a more convincing version.)
* Alvin Schwartz's ''Literature/ScaryStoriesToTellInTheDark'' series moshes together urban legends with other bits of folklore for a pretty gruesome mix.
* Legend has it that if you ask at SF conventions, you'll hear tale of some SF writer who created a book specifically to be as bad as possible. It turned out to be the exact opposite, since an entire cult of people sprung up around it demanding more, so he said "why the fuck not!" and made a career on it. Depending on who you ask this person was either John Norman (author of the ''Literature/{{Gor}}'' series) or PiersAnthony. If this is true or not is unknown but it's a well-known enough story that at least one book featured it as a foreword, and if you search the internet you'll find discussions of who the alleged writer is. And before someone asks: no, it is not nor has it ever been L. Ron Hubbard, nor Robert E. Howard (Conan's creator), nor is it Creator/RobertAHeinlein. What sparse clues exist in the legend easily rule them out. General consensus ''does'' seem to point to Piers Anthony however, and his name comes up associated with it ''a lot''.
** For the record, Piers has denied it ever happened, and the series most usually associated with it (Xanth) origin was merely him playing with a long standing idea of turning Florida (his home) into a magical land. Additionally, the original Xanth was contracted for a trilogy (and is written as such, not a stand alone book), and only became a running series due to its suprise immense popularity.
* Many rumors surround the original abridged publication of StephenKing's TheStand. The fact that it was nearly cut in half from the original manuscript (later restored in future printings) gave rise to the idea that the original draft had give King/his editor/president of Scribner horrific apocalyptic nightmares and they wanted the offending stuff excised, the government itself taking out stuff that too closely resembled their real life plans of action for such an event, ect. In reality, King was still a fairly new author at the time, and his editors didn't feel the public would accept a DoorStopper book from him. Once he was established as a mega-selling author, it was republished and restored (even then, King admits to editing some things out that he didn't like).
* Much of BarneysVersion, a novel narrated by a man who slowly develops Alzheimer's as the book progresses, builds up the mystery surrounding the disappearance of Barney's best friend Boogie Moscovitch, with whose murder Barney is eventually charged. Throughout the book, Barney's status as a semi-UnreliableNarrator (both intentionally and unintentionally as the disease consumes his memories) keeps the events surrounding the incident shrouded in confusion. The final chapter, narrated by Barney's son Michael, reveals that [[spoiler: Barney was, in fact, innocent - turns out poor Boogie fell victim to the classic dead-diver-in-the-forest legend whe he went for that swim!]]
* Swedish writer Bengt af Klintberg wrote a book about common Swedish urban legends called ''Råttan i pizzan'' (the rat in the pizza). The book became so popular that ''Klintbergare'' is now an accepted synonym for an urban legend in Sweden.
* The book TheGrapesOfWrath is said to have been translated in some countries as [[BlindIdiotTranslation The Angry Raisins]]. There is no evidence for this.
* A quite humorous example is a book by Art Linkletter, ''Oops!, or, Life's Awful Moments''. Art regales us with tales of people's supposedly true-life embarrassing moments. A read-through of the book, however, reveals that a great many of these stories are in fact urban legends.
* Author Daniel Cohen has penned a few books detailing urban legends: ''Southern Fried Rat and Other Stories'', ''Monsters You Never Heard Of'' and ''The Encyclopedia of Monsters'', to name just a few.
* ''There Are Alligators In Our Sewers...'', co-authored by This Troper's great grand-uncle, is a collection of urban legends. But they get some of them wrong; for example, claiming that green M&Ms are poisonous when ''everybody'' knows that the reds are poison; greens are aphrodisiacs.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* In ''CSINewYork'', the [[http://www.snopes.com/horrors/poison/dress.htm dress from a corpse]] manages to kill a bride on her wedding day.
** In another episode, a college student killed his roommate so he could get an automatic 4.0 for the semester.
** In still another, a corpse was found buried in the end zone of Giants stadium, in imitation of an Urban Legend about the disappearance of Jimmy Hoffa.
** This show have actually dozens of episodes based around these; people killed by blue ice, by falling coin, etc.
* In the original ''{{CSI}}'', the crew finds a [[http://www.snopes.com/horrors/freakish/scuba.asp scuba diver in a tree after a forest fire.]]
** Although in this case [[spoiler: [[ScoobyDooHoax the killer simply put the corpse in a diving suit, dumped it in a forest and started a fire to try and make it look like the legend had happened and hide his crime. The body wound up in the tree because his tank turned him into a human rocket]]]].
** In another episode, a couple of idiots killed a young woman who'd suffered a drug overdose, by transfusing some of their own (incompatible) blood into her. They were imitating an urban legend about drugged-out rock stars' "getting their blood replaced" as a remedy.
* To complete the CSI trifecta, ''CSIMiami'' has a man [[http://www.snopes.com/autos/hazards/gasvapor.asp killed by his cell phone sparking an explosion of gas fumes.]] It was fumes in his lungs from gas siphoning, rather than a gas station, but the mechanics are the same.
* ''Series/MythBusters'', as noted above.
* ''WeirdUS'' and the travel-log books its based on.
* ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' bases many of its episodes on urban legends.
** In fact one episode had a monster that was literally created by the urban legend regarding him. As the urban legend changed (as manipulated by two ghost hunters' website) [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve the creature's powers and weaknesses changed too]].
** Another episode of note is "Tall Tales", where one college campus starts experiencing a number of urban legends coming true at the same time. [[spoiler: Turns out the janitor is a Trickster god.]]
** The fifth season episode "I Believe the Children Are Our Future" also features urban legend-based deaths. The culprit in this episode is [[spoiler:a little kid named Jesse, who believes these urban legends are true, and somehow makes them true.]] The Winchesters discover that the reason he can alter reality on a whim is because [[spoiler:that he is actually TheAntiChrist, though he doesn't really want to be.]]
** There was also an episode where a man died when he "ingested" dozens of razorblades "hidden" in the Halloween candy he'd been sneaking at night, [[spoiler:but in actuality it was witchcraft and good timing for the themed effect.]]
* An ''SCTV'' fake commercial features Eugene Levy as [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BEfBd8UTP-A a fast-talking used car dealer showing off the specials on his lot,]] all subjects of urban legends - "a Cadillac! Great shape...the damn thing's full of cement!...maybe you're handy with a cold chisel? $500 as is - you pay the towing!"...or a Mustang found parked in Lovers Lane with the driver hanging over the roof - "there's scuff marks on the roof - a little rubbing compound, it's all behind ya! $700!" At the commercial's end he does a comical DoubleTake at a prosthetic hook hanging off a door handle.
* The show ''Truth Or Scare'' on Discovery Kids existed entirely of promoting this trope. Because we all know that crop circles are real and the Tower of London is haunted, right? RIGHT?
** Crop circles are real, they're just made by humans, and not aliens.
* AnimalPlanet's ''Series/LostTapes'' does this with cryptozoology.
* An episode of ''LawAndOrder'' ("Sonata for Solo Organ") started out with a man waking up on a park bench, and discovering he's missing a kidney.
** Which some urban legend experts claim actually helped ''popularize'' the legend itself, which had been fairly obscure until then.
* In an episode of ''Series/LawAndOrderCriminalIntent'' ("Art"), the killer of the week took advantage of an urban legend by killing her roommate and making it look like a suicide, thus entitling her to passing grades (''not'' straight A's) in her final semester of art school.
* The myth of waking up with an internal organ missing apparently survives well into the future, since Janeway and Chakotay discuss it on an episode of ''Series/StarTrekVoyager''.
** In fact, it actually happens in one episode, when Neelix's lungs are stolen by black market organ sellers. This was [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]] during Janeway and Chakotay's conversation.
* The "toothbrushes up their bums" UL was the basis of the joke at the end of one episode of ''Series/TheVicarOfDibley''.
* The Spike TV "docu-fiction" series ''AThousandWaysToDie'' features bizarre causes of death, most of them stemming from urban legends. These range from a vaginal embolism caused by a carrot dildo puncturing the vaginal wall and exploding breast implants to death by drinking acid instead of vodka.
* ''Urban Legends'' tells three of these in each episode, loosely tied together with the episode's theme, as well as two random 'mini-myths' before the commercial breaks. The viewer is asked to guess which legends are real and which aren't. At the end of the episode (and after the commercial breaks for the mini-myths) it is revealed who was telling the truth.
** ''Series/BeyondBeliefFactOrFiction'' followed a similar format. The only catch was that some of the supposedly true stories were so unbelievable that one couldn't help but wonder just how thoroughly they had researched them.
* In an episode of the ''Series/HoneyIShrunkTheKids'' TV series, one of Wayne's inventions brings an urban legends book to life via HardLight holograms.
* ''Food Network Challenge'' has done an UrbanLegends Cake-making episode for Halloween.
* Britta tells the ever-popular "hookman" story in the ''Series/{{Community}}'' episode "[[Recap/CommunityS3E05HorrorFictionInSevenSpookySteps Horror Fiction in Seven Spooky Steps]]", featuring Jeff as the boyfriend and herself as the girlfriend. The story is played onscreen exactly the way she tells it, so it contains a substantial amount of BuffySpeak:
-->'''Radio''': In the news tonight, top story, an escaped convict from the asylum has escaped and he's mental and he's on the loose and stuff.\\
'''Britta as the girlfriend''': Oh my god, that sounds dangerous!\\
'''Jeff as the boyfriend''': I'm sure it's no biggie. But I am a horny man, so I'm only half present.\\
'''Radio''': He was last seen in the woods and has a thingy for a hand, a hook-thing where his hand should be, you know what I mean.
* ''Series/TheDrewCareyShow'' had an episode where Drew and Kate got "fake married" as part of an old dare. The night's celebrations get called off early when Kate develops a rash and gets short of breath. Turns out the wedding dress she bought from a secondhand store had formaldehyde in it.
* On ''Series/{{Justified}}'' Raylan comes across an OrganTheft ring and gets mocked for believing in an urban legend when he asks a nurse about. The criminals avoided most of the usual elements of the legend and stole kidneys from the corpses of recently deceased prison inmates. They had the prisoners' medical records so they knew which kidneys were healthy and one of them had professional training in transplant procedures.
** The one time they do the 'cut out kidney in a motel room and leave the victim in the bathtub' routine [[spoiler: it is a ruse perpetuated so they can blackmail the victim by pretending to hold his kidneys hostage. They just made a couple incisions and sutured them back up]]
* Long-rumored legend in the industry that Adam Carolla was fired/got rejected by producers to be the host of the US version of TopGear (usually in conjunction with something racist/sexist/homophopic he supposedly said). In reality he was offered the job (or at least an audition), and turned it down because he was working on a separate TV project and didn't have the time.
* Subverted in the case of TheNewlywedGame. For years it was rumored a woman once answered the question "What's the weirdest place you ever made whoopie?" with "That'd be in the butt, Bob." Bob fiercly denied this ever happened, offered $10,000 dollars to anyone who could prove it, and even had a T-shirt made (She Never Said In The Butt Bob!)...only it DID happen, and someone found a tape of it in the early 2000s. Bob admitted defeat, saying he simply didn't remember that incident at all.
* Rumor that Zsa Zsa Gabor (sometimes another famous actress) came on The Tonight Show with her cat in her lap and asked Johnny if he wanted to pet her pussy. "Yeah, just move the damn cat!"
** Another is the wife of a famous golfer talking about kissing her husband's (golf) balls before games for good luck. "I'll bet that gets his putter up!"
* On Match Game or sometimes $10,000 Pyramid, with the answer being Deer, Alan Alda (sometimes a different actor) gives the clue of Doe, and the contestant (usually an African-American woman) answering "Knob."
* A famous clothing designer (most often Liz Claiborne or Calvin Klein, more recently whoever is the hot clothing designer) went on Oprah (in the older incarnations, PhilDonahue) and said their clothes weren't designed to be worn by (inset ethnic group here, usually large African-American women).
* In ''Series/AScareAtBedtime'', most of the stories Podge tells his brother are adaptations (usually set in Ireland, of course) of famous and well-known legends, usually frightening.
* Series/OrangeIsTheNewBlack : The chicken is an in-universe example. Out of universe: the dog and the peanut butter.
* There are MANY urban legends and rumors about Series/SesameStreet. The Muppet Wiki even has an [[http://muppet.wikia.com/wiki/Category:Rumors entire category about them.]] Many are also on Snopes and some of the popular ones include an episode where Ernie dies, an episode where Bert and Ernie get married, and Cookie Monster being changed to the Veggie Monster, all of which are false. The rumor about a Muppet character appearing that is HIV-positive is actually true. She does, however, only appear on South African television, where AIDS is a large problem.
* It has often been told that the BBC, during their early TV broadcasts in 1939 were broadcasting the WesterAnimation/MickeyMouse cartoon ''Mickey's Gala Premier'' when news broke about that the Second World War had broke out. When the news came through the cartoon broadcast was cut off half way and all intermissions interrupted until after the war. While the channel was indeed showing a Mickey Mouse cartoon at that moment in history they just let the cartoon finish and then made a short announcement that they would cease their intermissions until shorter notice. The urban legend was derived from a 1984 documentary about the BBC in World War Two in which the programme makers interrupted the cartoon for dramatic reasons, causing quite some viewers to believe that this was the actual footage of the Mickey Mouse cartoon broadcast in 1939.

* [[Music/TheBeatles Paul is Dead!]] Probably the most famous urban legend in pop music, and warranting a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_is_dead full page]] at Wikipedia, this claims that Paul [=McCartney=] died in 1966 and was replaced by a look-and-soundalike. Supposedly, clues to this are sprinkled throughout the group's later work, especially their album covers. The very-much-alive Paul parodied this with the cover and title of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Is_Live his 1993 live album]].
* ElvisLives: The second most persistent urban legend is that Music/ElvisPresley intentionally faked his own death and is still alive somewhere. Similar rumors have come abound after Music/MichaelJackson 's death too.
* As above, Pink Floyd's Music/TheDarkSideOfTheMoon was supposedly intentionally written to synch up with Film/TheWizardOfOz.
* {{Ludo}}'s "Lake Pontchartrain" features a young man telling the story of his two friends getting swallowed up in a very predatory context.
* "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wbmbr7ZCDrE The Little Girl]]" by CountryMusic legend John Michael Montgomery is a song based on [[http://www.snopes.com/glurge/girl.htm an urban legend]] of a girl whose atheist alcoholic parents kill each other in a murder-suicide before she herself is sent to a home raised by Christian foster parents who teach her to attend church, and one day she sees that the man on the cross (Jesus) is the one who came down to help her during the night of the murder-suicide.
* The Music/PhilCollins song "In The Air Tonight" has [[http://www.snopes.com/music/songs/intheair.asp an urban legend]] which takes the first verse more literally. The legend claims that Phil and a friend are at a lake when the friend falls in and starts to drown. Phil is too far away to help, but sees someone closer and asks him to save his friend. The other person refuses and Phil's friend drowns. In response, Phil writes the song and invites the man to his next concert. He sings the song directly to the man who then runs out of the concert and kills himself. [[WordOfGod Phil himself]] says the legend is not true and he doesn't know where it came from.
* Music/{{Eminem}} has a song called "Stan", about the title character discussing the above urban legend about Music/PhilCollins' song mistakingly called "[[BeamMeUpScotty In the Air of the Night]]" and the misinterpretation of the song's lyrics about drowning and not lending a hand.
** Eminem also reiterated the UL about Lauryn Hill that she once said she'd rather have her children starve than for white people to buy her album (and/or she can't stand white people). This comes up twice on The Slim Shady LP.
* LemonDemon has a song called "Eighth Wonder," which is based on the urban legend of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gef Gef the Talking Mongoose]]. In the song are all the things Gef supposedly said, along with claims that he is the eighth wonder of the world.
* There is an urban legend surrounding the song "Love Rollercoaster" by The Ohio Players. In the song, a high-pitched scream is heard (between 1:24 and 1:28 on the single version, or between 2:32 and 2:36 on the album version). It ''really'' was Billy Beck, but the legend goes that the scream was an individual being murdered live during the recording. The scream's supposed source varies from version to version. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Love_Rollercoaster A lot of them involve Ester Cordet.]] This urban legend gets a subtle reference in ''[[Film/FinalDestination Final Destination 3]]'', which uses this song (including the part with the scream) in the roller-coaster scene.
* "Gloomy Sunday" is also known as the Hungarian Suicide Song. The precise nature of the urban legend is a little different depending on who you ask, but the basic version is that the song can cause people to commit suicide. While creepy and sad, the song certainly won't make you kill yourself - not to mention that Hungary, where the supposed song-caused deaths occurred, historically has a high suicide rate to begin with.
* Backmasking has resulted in a few of these, most famously the claim that "Stairway to Heaven" by Music/LedZeppelin has hidden satanic messages.
* In fundamental Christian circles, it's popular to tell the story of (X) band admitted to being approached by the devil and signed a contract to become famous musicians, but they had to give up their souls/put subliminal satanic messages in their music to corrupt the youth. Music/LedZeppelin, Music/BlackSabbath (or just Music/OzzyOsbourne himself), Music/JudasPriest and Music/MotleyCrue are the most popular targets of this rumor. Probably taken from the famous tale of Music/RobertJohnson.
* On that note, the same people like to say that AC/DC stands for Against Christ/Devil's Child (actually, simply taken from the back of the Young's sister's sewing machine) and KISS stands for Knights In Satan's Service (the band states it's ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin).
* Same thread as above, various bands have been accused of bringing various animals (usually puppies) to a show and having them thrown into the audience and stating they weren't going to start the show until all the animals were dead. KISS and Ozzy got this one the most.
** The rumors about it being Ozzy were so widely-believed he was cautioned by many local police about not doing animal sacrifices. His own real antics (biting the head off a pigeon, accidentally biting the head off a bat thinking it was rubber) didn't help this rumor at all.
* Music/GeorgeClinton may or may not have told Eddie Hazel to play the first half of the solo that runs throughout the whole of Funkadelic's "Maggot Brain" as if he'd just heard his mother had died, then play the second half as if he'd then heard the news of her death had turned out to be false. The truth will likely never be known; a lot of drugs were involved, and Hazel can no longer confirm or deny anything on account of [[AuthorExistenceFailure guitarist existence failure]].
* After Music/MichaelJackson's death in 2009, reports that a guilt-stricken Jordan Chandler -- the first person to publicly accuse him of child molestation back in 1993 -- issued a statement claiming that he was forced to lie about the abuse by his greedy father began to circulate online. Snopes quickly debunked this one, and Randall Sullivan's biography ''Untouchable'' traces it back to an email a fan sent to Jackson's mother shortly after his death. Unfortunately, that hasn't stopped his brother Jermaine and rabid fans from continuing to spread the legend (in truth, ''none'' of his accusers have taken back their claims).
* The band KMFDM's initials standing for Kill Mother Fucking Depeche Mode. Stems mostly from fan speculation that resulted in a reporter asking if it was true, and them in turn saying "SureLetsGoWithThat." In reality it's just something German.
** The urban legend is referenced in their song "Sucks" when they state that they "hate Depeche Mode" among other pop artists, and the song Kunst, where the chorus is "KMFDM: Kill Mother Fucking Depeche Mode". Of course, the band's full name, Kein Merheit fur die Mitleid (roughly "no pity for the masses" in really poor German) can be found [[AllThereInTheManual in the liner notes of their first album]].
* Creator/KurtCobain wrote a part of or all of Hole's debut, ''Music/LiveThroughThis''. Kurt denied this while alive, Music/CourtneyLove and the rest of the band have denied it, there's no real evidence of it anywhere (other than he sang/played along with a few songs in their rehearsals during recording). Essentially, it boils down to people who just don't like Love, and want to deny she has any real talent (since most agree the first Music/{{Hole}} album is really good).
* A famous singer/musician having to have his stomach pumped from choking on semen. Usually Music/RodStewart or Music/EltonJohn, in modern times it's been attributed to Music/ClayAiken and Music/JustinBieber.
* A famous young musician being raped in their limo, usually by a bodyguard. Most famously attributed to happening to Lil Bow Wow.
* When 1000 Homo DJs (a Ministry side project) did a cover of Music/BlackSabbath's "Supernaut," they were asked to remove vocals [[NineInchNails Trent Reznor]] had recorded by his record label at the time. The urban legend is that, instead of re-recording the song with a different singer, Ministry's Al Jourgensen added additional distortion effects to Reznor's take and only claimed to have re-recorded the vocals himself.
* Music/FrankZappa: The very first chapter of Zappa's autobiography ''Literature/TheRealFrankZappaBook'' debunks two rumors often told about him. No, he is not the son of Mr. Green Genes from ''Series/CaptainKangaroo'', just because the album ''Music/HotRats'' (1969) happened to have a track titled that way. Similarly he never ate shit on stage during a concert.
* Music/MarilynManson is said to have played the part of the bespectacled boy in ''Series/TheWonderYears''. This is once again an urban myth.
* Actor and radio/TV presenter Bob Holness is reputed to have played the saxophone solo on Music/GerryRafferty's ''Baker Street''. This is a legend that spun off from a joke made by DJ/author Stuart Maconie when he wrote for the NME. Adding even further layers of mythology, responsibility has also been claimed by another British DJ, Tommy Boyd, who claims he invented it for a 'True or False' quiz, and by Raphael Ravenscroft, the actual saxophonist, who was tired of being asked if he had played on the record and said it was Holness because he had recently worked with him on a TV commercial.

[[folder:New Media]]
* [[http://www.darwinawards.com The Darwin Awards]] has a major collection of urban legends, debunked [[TooDumbToLive Darwin Awards]] that are just too good (or popular) to delete.
* [[http://www.snopes.com Snopes]] is one of the best-known websites devoted to these, with true/false assessments.
* TheSlenderManMythos is a [[MemeticMutation memetically-spread]] loosely-defined canon of horror fiction that uses the general trappings of urban folklore (missing children in the woods, mysterious stalkers, and the fact that no two tellings of the same tale are exactly the same) to pretty creepy effect. It worked, too, considering how many [[DaydreamBeliever people]] think it's true.
* [[http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/shiny-pidgey#.TkJcOoI8mso The Shiny Pidgy Story]] is both a meme and an urban legend of epic proportions.

* A very well documented urban legend is that the radio show "Uncle Don" had an episode where the announcer forgot to turn off the microphone and accidentally said to the kids watching, "That oughta hold the little bastards!". Snopes has a very [[http://www.snopes.com/radiotv/radio/uncledon.asp lengthy]] description of this.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* In addition to an ''Urban Legends'' sourcebook that provides stats for Bloody Mary, dopplegangers, and [[SewerGator sewer alligators]], the NewWorldOfDarkness has Legends, a subset of [[SerialKiller slashers]]. They typically start off as [[RoaringRampageOfRevenge Avengers]], but then their hunt either spirals outward from a specific group to everyone resembling said group, or the rules of their hunt become so complex it turns into a myth. In the process, the Slasher becomes something akin to [[Franchise/ANightmareOnElmStreet Freddy Krueger]] or Film/{{Candyman}}. They have the power to gain strength by [[InvokedTrope keeping close to the particulars of their myth]], but find it hard to break their own rules.
* ''TabletopGame/TranshumanSpace'': The game assumes that urban legends not only endure in its 2100 AD setting, but in a world of high-speed, all-pervasive computer networks with occasional prankster "memetic engineers" on the loose, the phenomenon can be even stronger than in the present day. The ''[[http://www.sjgames.com/transhuman/toxicmemes/ Toxic Memes]]'' supplement describes some widespread or interesting examples.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''Franchise/{{Persona}}''
** ''VideoGame/{{Persona 2}}'', both parts, are about urban legends that start to mysteriously come true. ''Innocent Sin'' has this more as a central theme, although it is not absent from ''Eternal Punishment''.
** The plot of ''VideoGame/{{Persona 4}}'' is kicked off because of a urban legend of the Midnight Channel, where you see your soulmate if you look into an empty TV at midnight on a rainy day. Turns out, [[MentalWorld there's a bit more than that]].
* ''{{Polybius}}'': The progenitor of all those "creepy/haunted vidya games" creepypasta stories found on the internet these days. Newer versions of the tale play it from a more supernatural angle than the GovernmentConspiracy implied in older tellings.
* Pokemon has the urban legend known as ''Lavender Town Syndrome'' which is an urban legend about suicides in the nineties in Japan after kids played the original green version and were driven insane by the song that plays in Lavender Town.
** Apparently, the green version's music ''did'' have tones in it that could cause uneasiness or headaches in children. Some adults will also report an odd feeling when listening to this version of the song, especially if they've avoided loud music and noises where possible in their lives, as good hearing is required to notice the tones (human hearing slowly diminishes over time, with the effect being accelerated by loud noises).
* Similar in ways to both ''Polybius'' and Lavender Town's music is a rumored Gameboy game called ''Misfortune'' (also known as ''Misfortune.gb''). The story goes that it was never released on its own cartridge, and instead was hidden in other more popular games, only accessible by a convoluted sequence of actions or through glitches, and even then whether or not these attempts would succeed was random. Failing at the game would lead to a screen with music that supposedly caused depression and might even lead to the player's suicide. If you won the game, or failed but turned it off before the music in question started, you were safe.
* It is claimed by some people that the name of the main character in the DonkeyKong video games was the result of a mistranslation and that his name was supposed to be "Monkey Kong". WordOfGod says this is not true and that the reason the character has this name is because "donkey" was simply a term meaning stubbornness to describe him.
* Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold were said to have created custom made {{VideoGame/Doom}} levels that resembled Columbine and peopling them with representations of their classmates. While it is true they made some custom levels, there is no reason to think they were designed like this.
* The ''Campfire Legends'' games are loosely based on several fairly popular legends. The series consists of ''Campfire Legends: The Hookman'', ''Campfire Legends: [[TheCallsAreComingFromInsideTheHouse The Babysitter]]'' and ''Campfire Legends: The Last Act''.

* ''KevinAndKell'''s equivalent to the 'missing kidney' urban legend is a rhino waking up in a bathtub to find that his horn (believed to be an aphrodisiac) is missing.
** TruthInTelevision for [[http://tinyurl.com/m5okkbe/ some rhinos]].
* ''Webcomic/{{xkcd}},'' on the other hand, ''inverts'' the urban legend [[http://xkcd.com/914/ here.]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* CharlieTheUnicorn makes use of the "missing kidney" legend in the first video.
* The page photo is from an episode of WebAnimation/TeenGirlSquad. Health classes using stories of questionable veracity like this in an attempt to ScareEmStraight regarding drug abuse is, sadly, fairly common in RealLife.
** In one StrongBadEmail, Coach Z relates how he had two students named "Redan-Jello" and "Grape Flavored Jell-O With Fruit Floatin' In It"[[hottip:*:based on the popular urban legend of a black woman who named her children "Oranjello" and "Lemonjello"]] and also that if you flash your high-beams at a car with its headlights off, it's a ploy by gangsters to shoot you.
* Website/CollegeHumor made a video with an "Urban Legend ER", including patients who got hit by pennies dropped from skyscrapers, had their kidneys stolen, ate pop rocks and diet coke, and urinated in the pool.
* Most {{Creepypasta}}s are this.
* Many Website/DarwinAwards are the stuff of urban legend, both true (e.g. Lawn Chair Larry) and false (e.g. the Rocket Car).

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* WesternAnimation/CaptainPugwash: For years rumors have been told that the characters in this British children's cartoon show have sexually suggestive double entendre names, such as ''Master Bates'' and ''Seaman Staines''. This is completely made up.
* ''WesternAnimation/FreakyStories'' is entirely built around this. "It happened to a friend of a friend of mine" was their CatchPhrase, sometimes adding an extra "of a friend."
* The ''WesternAnimation/MegasXLR'' episode "TV Dinner" has Coop and Jamie discussing the Pop Rocks/soda legend. Coop dismisses it, but it turns out to be true at the end of the episode.
* A staple in early episodes of ''WesternAnimation/HeyArnold''.
* In the first episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'', Doctor Venture wakes up in Tijuana with a missing kidney. He then realizes he's ''already'' missing a kidney from a similar incident. "Not again!" He then turns [=HELPeR=] into a dialysis machine for the rest of the episode.
** Later in the same episode, he is nearly killed by a chupacabra. Brock explains: "Chupacabras. Mexico's full of 'em." This is also a BrickJoke, as earlier in the episode he taught a class exclaiming through scientific theory that a chupacabra couldn't possibly exist.
-->'''Rusty Venture:''' Now if you take the same math and apply it to the Catholic church, something interesting happens...
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', "Special Edna", Bart nominates Ms. Krabappel for the Teacher of the Year Award, and tells in the video submitted to the judges that she deserves the award for surviving teaching him. The judges believed the mere existence of Bart was an urban legend, so they accept the nomination.
** In an earlier episode, Homer is released from an asylum where he had been commited because they believed his stories about Bart were a symptom of paranoid psychosis. When Marge mentions Bart to the treating doctor, he realizes Bart is real and releases Homer immediately.
** Bart creates his own legend about a man at the school who one day snapped and [[IAmAHumanitarian made a soup from the children's heads]]. The story included an ArtShift and was very effectively creepy. At the end, it turns out "Dark Stanly" was real...
** The "Pop Rocks and Soda" myth was Enforced in an episode where an angry mob was chasing Homer out of a candy convention. He takes a can of Buzz Cola, pours in a package of "Pop Rox", shakes them together and tosses them at the mob, yelling "SeeYouInHell, candy boys!" He then turns and does [[OutrunTheFireball a slow-motion dive]] as [[MadeOfExplodium the whole building explodes behind him]].
* The original ScoobyDoo cartoon is full of these.
** Shaggy and Scooby were meant to be a sly shoutout to stoners. In reality, the original writers of Scooby Doo weren't of that generation, and had little knowledge of the stoner culture.
** The gang is supposed to represent five certain universities. One of the universities wasn't even established for two years after the show went into production. In reality, they are loosely based on the characters from the show TheManyLovesOfDobieGillis (Shaggy isn't a stoner hippie, he's a beatnik, based on Bob Denver's character from that show).
** Non meta, many of the monsters of the week on the show were based on various urban legends.
* Gerald in ''WesternAnimation/HeyArnold'' was hailed as the "Keeper of Urban Lore" which were basically urban legends. Justified in the fact that many, if not all, of them turned out to be either true or having an explanation.
* The ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' episode "The Death Camp of Tolerance" has a subplot in reference to the mythical gay sexual fetish for anal insertion of gerbils, a legend associated with Creator/RichardGere [[http://www.snopes.com/risque/homosex/gerbil.asp for no good reason]].

[[folder:Real Life]]
* TruthInTelevision? [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Clark_O%27Bryan Ronald Clark O'Bryan]] [[TamperingWithFoodAndDrink killed his son with poisoned Pixy Stix]] on Halloween 1974-- and slipped some of the poisoned candy into the bags of the boy's fellow trick-or-treaters to give the impression it was a [[http://www.snopes.com/horrors/poison/halloween.asp Random Halloween Poisoner.]]
* Snopes.com reports a number of urban legends as true (though they're still in a noticeable minority), including some rather unbelievable ones such as [[http://www.snopes.com/medical/asylum/fbipizza.asp this seemingly farcical account]], on which they comment: "The above-quoted tale about FBI agents trying to order pizza delivery to a psychiatric hospital is one of those pieces that serves to remind us that no matter how bizarre, far-fetched, or incredible a story may seem at first glance, it should never be entirely discounted without at least some effort being made to verify it."
* A long-running German [[MemeticMutation Internet meme]] holds that the city of Bielefeld is a hoax.
** There's also the version that the hoax is a hoax. Sadly that one isn't quite as funny or well-known.
* Website/{{Cracked}} has an ongoing series about [[http://www.cracked.com/article_19503_7-creepy-urban-legends-that-happen-to-be-true-part-521.html urban legends that are true.]]
* The cause of the ''{{Hindenburg}}'' fire is still unknown today. As such, it is positively drenched in Urban Legends, in varying degrees of ridiculousness. One of the most common is that ''Hindenburg'' was [[MadeOfExplodium painted in "Rocket Fuel" or "Thermite",]] which is [[BlatantLies completely false,]] but a surprisingly pervaisive myth. It may have such wide acceptance because the fabric of the airship ''was'' in fact combustible, albeit very weakly. Furthermore, some go as far as to say that ''Hindenburg's'' hydrogen had nothing to do with the fire ''[[InsaneTrollLogic at all,]]'' which is absolutely untrue. They usually cite the fact that pure hydrogen burns a pale red color, but they neglect to mention that the 250 tons of airship and diesel fuel is what colored the flames bright orange. A less popular, but still widely believed myth is that ''Hindenburg'' was deliberately sabotaged, and that bits of a gun or a bomb were found in the wreck. The Nazis themselves liked to propagate this myth because they didn't want to admit their safety failure.
* You know characters like Bloody Mary and Slenderman? You do?! Avoid thinking on them immediately! If you DO think of fictional beings, they WILL become real eventually! Of course, this means that non-believers are safe to an extent, as they don't have enough "Mind Power" to keep these beings around them. But believers? They are likely to see, hear and feel them.
* The popular myth that Creator/WaltDisney was cryogenically frozen, which was said to have been started by Disney animator [[DisneysNineOldMen Ward Kimball]] as a joke. Of course, that myth became less popular as the other myth of him being racist and anti-Semitic rose in notoriety. That myth was debunked by people who worked with Walt, but that doesn't stop shows like ''Family Guy'' from enforcing it.
* Actress Jamie Lee Curtis is rumored to have been born a hermaphrodite, and had her body organs modified in order to become a female.
* Creator/KevinSmith was too large to fit into one seat on one infamous South West flight. It was in actuality most likely a poor assumption on the flight crew's part; he had originally booked two seats (he stated he merely like having the extra room and he has the money to do such a thing), and when his flight got changed, they only had one seat available. A member of the crew most likely saw he had two seats on his original flight, looked at his size and assumed he needed two seats and had him ejected. He tweeted a photo of himself fitting comfortably in one seat when he finally did fly out (he live tweeted the entire experience), but it didn't stop the story spreading that he was simply Too Fat To Fly.

* Long-rumored since the 90s that military boot camps are handing "stress cards" out to recruits to use when they are feeling stressed out, and when raised above their heads, the DrillSergeantNasty has to stop being mean to them. This stems from cards being given to recruits with various numbers of chaplains and the like to contact FOR things like stress management and counseling (there's a "stress level" thumb print on the back as well). Despite having being subject to these rumors themselves when they were fresh out of boot camp/basic, members of the military still spread the rumor to the newer generation of "soft" soldiers/sailors/etc.
* A rumor stretching back to the 19th century is that boot camps put "salt peter" (or some other chemical; in the Russian army, the legendary antisex treatment is bromide salts) in the food to control recruit's sexual desires (and also why the food tastes bad/is a funny color). One, it doesn't actually work, and two, the stress of boot camp is the actual reason sexual desire is so muted during that time.
* Some ship in the Navy was doing repairs/refitting and found a complete shop (with tools, workbenches, etc) that had accidentally been walled up during construction.
* A military member looking for a separation on a psyche discharge (Section 8) dribbled an invisible basketball/rode an imaginary motorcycle/what have you. When they received the discharge, at the gate of base/brow of the ship, they got off the bike/dunked the basketball and stated "I don't need that anymore" or something to that effect.