->''Omnium consensu capax imperii, nisi imperasset.'' [[labelnote:Translation]]He was universally seen as capable of ruling, had he never ruled.[[/labelnote]]
->-- '''Tacitus''', describing the Emperor [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galba Galba]].

A fundamentally good and well-meaning character who attains (either by chance or through his own effort) a position of great prestige, power, and responsibility--only to cause more harm than good because he doesn't have enough [[ComesGreatResponsibility willpower, foresight, and general virtue to handle them right]]. Despite trying to make life better for others with his power, he ends up wasting it on petty things or unwittingly pushing them into ruin. The tragedy of this character is that he often ''realizes'' that he screwed it all up but doesn't know how to fix it (and in this, he is different from someone who's simply DrunkWithPower).

Such character may be contrasted by the one who ''is'' [[TheParagon better suited for greatness]] but doesn't receive any recognition (at first). Both of them may want the same thing but by a twist of fate, the one who has the power is not the one who can properly wield it.

Compare LeaderWannabe. Contrast ReluctantRuler and {{Cincinnatus}}. See also DrunkWithPower and WellIntentionedExtremist. ThePeterPrinciple is a related phenomenon often observed in the business world (and thus discussed in media about business). RealityWarpingIsNotAToy is a common fantastic variation.
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!!Examples:

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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* In ''Anime/AfterWarGundamX'', Prince Willis of Estard spends most of his time being pushed and pulled between the hawkish General Lee and the political Grant. He's not happy about being talked over and ruled by them, but he lacks the savvy and self-confidence to put them in their place and truly take charge.

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[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* ''ComicBook/{{Irredeemable}}'' is a giant extended exploration of this trope.
* Magog, the AntiHeroSubstitute of Franchise/{{Superman}} in ''ComicBook/KingdomCome'', turns out to be one of more well-meaning anti-heroes. He really only wanted to MakeABetterWorld by killing SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker and the like and before he realized he was wrong, he was filling in Supes' shoes, which eventually culminated in [[NukeEm the Kansas disaster]].
* The one-shot ''[[Franchise/JusticeLeagueOfAmerica JLA]]: Superpower'' is structured around this trope, in the person of Mark Antaeus.
* In the show MLP: FIM, one of the main protagonists, Twilight Sparkle, is given the status of princess arbitrarily by the ruler of the kingdom. In the comics of MLP: FIM #17 and #19, Twilight Sparkle goes through a revelation that she doesn't desire to become a princess and that the pressure and expectations would overwhelm her.
* The ''ComicBook/PaperinikNewAdventures'' relaunch story "Chronicle of a Return" has the Evronians Bonton and Manootensyon, a sergeant and a spore technician. Bonton is an ''awesome'' SergeantRock and Manootensyon can easily grow hundreds of spores into warriors, but when [[YouAreInCommandNow anyone above him on their planetoid dies]] and they have to take over as commander and head scientist respectively they're ''far'' out of their competence zones.
** [[GenreSavvy Being smart enough to realize they aren't fit for their new posts]], Bonton and Manootensyon are trying to find someone who ''is'', and, in Manootensyon's case, grow a high-caste scientist who can just recreate an emperor, a group of generals and the necessary scientists. [[FailureIsTheOnlyOption Manootensyon isn't good enough to create a proper high-cast scientist and grew him stupider than himself]] [[spoiler:(or, rather, just as smart as he should have been, but [[WhiteSheep good]]. And, knowing they'd kill him if they found out before he came up with a plan to neutralize the others without killing them, [[ObfuscatingStupidity he feigned being an idiot]])]], and Bonton's wish to find a proper superior leads him to [[spoiler:hands command over to ''Paperinik'' [[BavarianFireDrill when he says he's a representative of an Evronian emperor]]]].

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[[folder: Film -- Live-Action ]]

* Invoked in the ''Literature/TheDaVinciCode'' adaptation: When [[spoiler:Sir Leigh Teabing]] is revealed as the BigBad, he clamors to Robert Langdon to tell him the location of the Holy Grail, which Langdon holds in his hand. Langdon, in an IronicEcho simply tells him that the unworthy aren't allowed the knowledge. The BigBad is then taken away by the London Police.

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'': The series is full of these to varying degrees:
** [[AdiposeRex Robert Baratheon]] fights valiantly in a just war to dethrone a mad king, but when he takes the throne himself, he proves himself incompetent in dealing with matters of state, spends lavish amounts of money on feasts and tournaments, and his inattentiveness to his own family sows seeds of disaster. He is fully aware he's a horrible king and tries to compensate by leaving details and day-to-day operations to subordinates, which just makes things worse.
** [[AChildShallLeadThem Robb Stark]] kick-starts his rebellion with surprising tactical brilliance and the magnetic charisma to draw twenty-thousand men under his banners. But his political inexperience and youthful, ahem, ''indiscretions'' [[spoiler: lead to him losing his head. Literally]].
** Robb is contrasted (as ever) by his younger half-brother Jon Snow, who seems to subvert the trope: [[spoiler: Despite becoming the fifth-youngest Lord Commander in history, he buckles down and starts making some sensible decisions. And then he gets [[BackStab stabbed by his own men]] who can't let old prejudices go and we're waiting for the sixth book to find out if he lives]].
** The Targaryens occasionally produced kings who were this, gathering sobriquets like "[[TheBlueBeard The Cruel]]" (Maegor I) and "[[RoyallyScrewedUp The Mad]]" (Aerys II) for the obvious ones, and ones like "[[AChildShallLeadThem The Young Dragon]]" (Daeron I), "[[CloudCuckoolander The Befuddled]]" (Baelor I) and "[[ImpoverishedPatrician The Beggar]] [[TheExile King]]" (Viserys self-styled-III) for the borderline cases. But, only one got stamped with this trope in a direct form of ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin with no hint of irony, hedging or excusing whatsoever: Aegon IV, "[[LoveRuinsTheRealm The Unworthy]]". [[UpToEleven There's a reason for that:]] almost ''everything'' he did ''guaranteed'' that the [[SuccessionCrisis Blackfyre Rebellions]] (note the plural) would occur upon his death and that their impact would last for decades more beyond their apparent end. Well done, {{Jerkass}}.
* In ''Literature/LabyrinthsOfEcho'', [[DaChief Chief of the police]] General Bubuta Bokh. He earned his rank and more for exploits during the war, remains loyal, not malicious (only [[LargeHam noisy]]), his abuses of power are limited to petty embezzlement and nepotism. He's also completely unfit for this job, except the part when he scares arrested folk. Note that he doesn't actually screw anything up (yet)--if only thanks to the work of [[HypercompetentSidekick much more competent lieutenants]] working under him.
* King Cinhil Haldane in the ''[[Literature/{{Deryni}} Legends of Camber]]'' trilogy. Having spent most of his life as a cloistered priest, he is unprepared for the machinations of politics, and is unable to prevent several human lords on his council from staging their own ''coup d'etat'' after his death. He also blames Camber (the man who engineered his succession to the throne) for the loss of his vocation and his misery over it, and he distances himself from an experienced courtier's advice when he needs it most.
* Philipp Tagere from the ''Literature/ArciaChronicles'' is a brave warrior and a charming diplomat but turns out to be a weak king who estranges his best courtiers and officers and surrounds himself with yes men. He is contrasted by his two younger brothers, Edmon ([[spoiler:who dies young]]) and Alexander ([[spoiler:who succeeds Philipp but is overthrown by external enemies soon thereafter]]). On the other hand, he is also contrasted by Pierre Lumen, who [[spoiler:overthrows and succeeds Alexander]] and is simply DrunkWithPower and has an "ItsAllAboutMe" attitude when it comes to state affairs, completely blind to his lack of political skill. Pierre ''does'' approach this trope once or twice when he ponders on his and Alexander's differences but he prefers to suppress these thoughts.
* Sien Sovv, Supreme Commander of the New Republic in the ''Literature/NewJediOrder'' series. As noted in the novels, he's not very good at combat command but has very real administrative and logistical talents, and in peacetime he kept the military running smoothly and efficiently, resulting in a force that could respond quickly to hotspots throughout the galaxy with a minimum of wasted expenditures. Unfortunately, fighting a galaxy-wide war against aggressive invaders is far beyond his talents, and in situations where he's forced into direct command (such as the fall of Coruscant) he performs poorly. He much prefers to give his generals and commanders freedom to pursue objectives as they see fit (and with generals like [[OldMaster Garm bel Iblis]] and [[SergeantRock Wedge Antilles]], it's easy to see why).
* While many characters in the ''Literature/HarryPotter'' verse wished that Dumbledore was the Minister of Magic, Dumbledore himself believed that the terrible mistakes of his youth were proof that he couldn't be trusted with power. Instead, he dedicated himself to guiding future generations of wizards and witches as a teacher, then as a headmaster. This is in sharp contrast to the appointed Ministers of Magic throughout the series, who all fulfill this trope: Fudge does an okay-ish job in peacetime, but is politically weak-willed and is basically the puppet of a few pureblood families, and of course when the war begins he behaves atrociously. Scrimgeour at least tries his best, but he is too obsessed with public image and left his government open to infiltration. And, well, Thicknesse is a Voldemort mind slave, of course.
* Sophos of ''Literature/TheQueensThief'' is the highly reluctant heir to Sounis who would much rather spend his time studying history, poetry, and natural principles than learn to fight and conduct politics. As a result he's a big disappointment to his father and his uncle Sounis. The fourth book has Sophos given a sharp dose of reality when he's abducted by barons who want to make him a PuppetKing and he realizes his apathy has done a terrible disservice to his country. He proceeds to [[TookALevelInBadass shape up]].
* Wang Lun of ''Literature/WaterMargin'' is an interesting case. As the original leader of the outlaws of Liangshan Marsh, no one would really expect him to be a good guy, but he nevertheless holds the position that the audience knows (if familiar with the source folklore) belongs ultimately to the famous [[DesignatedHero Song Jiang]]. As well-known and valiant men begin flocking to his band, seeking fortune and refuge from the law, Lun realizes that he may be Unfit For Greatness, and he tries turning away those he sees as [[LeaderWannabe Leader Wannabes]] even though they would be great assets to the group. This "discourtesy" is his [[NiceJobFixingItVillain undoing]].

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* In the ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' episode [[Recap/SupernaturalS09E02DevilMayCare "Devil May Care" (S09, Ep02)]], Abaddon views Crowley this way because he is a salesman instead of a conqueror.
* In ''Series/TeenWolf'' Derek becomes the Alpha in the Season 1 finale. He then proceeds to fail utterly- he cannot protect his Betas (who proceed to leave him or die or both), gets manipulated by every villain in town, and in the end Scott has to clean up his mess. He's noticeably more well-adjusted when he gives up being an Alpha and choses to act as advisor to Scott in Season 3b.
* For much of ''Series/BabylonFive'', this would be a fair assessment of Ambassador Londo Molari, who [[DealWithTheDevil makes the worst choices possible]] with [[MyCountryRightOrWrong the best of intentions]]. He rises considerably in social status as a result, but finds himself [[TragicVillain increasingly trapped by his previous decisions]].
-->'''Londo:''' When we first met I had no power and all the choices I could ever want. And now I have all the power I could ever want and no choices at all. No choice at all.

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[[folder: Theatre ]]

* Creator/WilliamShakespeare depicts ''Theatre/RichardII'' and ''Theatre/HenryVI'' like this.

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''Franchise/MassEffect'':
** In ''VideoGame/MassEffect2'', Jacob's disappeared father Ronald Taylor and the crew of the ''Hugo Gernsback'' crash-landed on 2175 Aeia. The previous captain, Captain Harris Fairchild, was killed in the crash, and following emergency protocols, Ronald was promoted to Acting Captain, a position he turned out to be thoroughly unsuited for. Upon learning that the food on the planet was toxic and caused neural decay, Ronald decided at first to ration the uncontaminated food from the ship's stores for the scientists working to get them all off the planet. Unfortunately, as time went by, [[DrunkWithPower Ronald soon let the power go to his head]], and he turned the camp and his neurally-decayed crewmates into his own personal kingdom. By the time Shepard and crew arrive, things have gotten bad.
** The nicer interpretations of Ambassador/Councilor Udina throughout the trilogy paint him as this. He's fundamentally a normal guy, good at bureaucracy, okay at politics, who is thrust into a position of power at ''way the hell the wrong time'', leading him to mouth off to the Council, subvert Shepard at critical moments, and [[spoiler: side with Cerberus to plot a coup against the Council for the sake of Earth]]. He's probably the most ''effective'' politician in the series in terms of getting things done quickly and efficiently, he just makes consistently bad judgement calls.
** In ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'', the Illusive Man's plan for [[spoiler: defeating the Reapers by controlling them]] is entirely a valid one. The problem is, the Illusive Man wasn't Shepard, which meant that he couldn't [[spoiler: control the Reapers' technology without instead becoming indoctrinated by it]]. Shepard can do what he was trying to do without a bit of difficulty if he or she does well enough.
** The trend continues in ''VideoGame/MassEffectAndromeda'' with Cora. Initially passed up for the role of Pathfinder at the end of the initial mission she harbors a bit of a grudge for Ryder because of it [[spoiler: until her loyalty mission. After her commando mentor is exposed for abandoning the original asari Pathfinder to die, she realizes that she's too dependent on mentors and superiors telling her what to do when the going gets tough and that she can't make a decision when that support isn't available.]]
* In ''Videogame/DarkSoulsII'', [[spoiler:King Vendrick]] laments that he was more a jester than a king.
* The nicest interpretation of Garrosh Hellscream in ''Videogame/WorldOfWarcraft''. He was fundamentally hotheaded and WeakWilled, and a man defined by being the son of Grom Hellscream rather than being his own person. This left him open to negative influences within the Horde that ultimately pushed him to tyranny. During a final Mak'Gora with Thrall, he calls out Thrall on making him shoulder all of the responsibilities of Warchief, which Garrosh described as picking up the pieces Thrall left behind. Garrosh was not ready to be Warchief, and deep down he knew it.
* In ''VideoGame/ArcanumOfSteamworksAndMagickObscura'', Randver Thunder Stone is a good dwarf, but he's in way over his head as King-in-Waiting of the dwarves, and later as King. If his father doesn't return, then he'll take the throne under a cloud, and not have the strength to [[spoiler: prevent a civil war from tearing the Dwarves apart]]. However, this example is downplayed if he takes the throne under better circumstances. [[spoiler: If his father dies a hero's death in the Void, Randver becomes a great and wise king.]]
* In ''VideoGame/FireEmblem'': Radiant Dawn, Pelleas, heir to the throne of Daein, is a well-intentioned youth who strives to free his country from Begnion's oppression. Despite having not known of his parentage until somewhat recently, he tries his best to lead his people, but due to his mild personality and inexperience in warfare he's got some pretty big shoes to fill; and he knows it. As such, he ends up deferring to his mother and advisor on all matters. Unfortunately, this prevents him from being the strong leader the revolution needs and, were it not for Micaiah's efforts, the rebellion likely would've ended in disaster. After becoming King at the end of Part 1, things look like they might improve... except [[spoiler:his trusted advisor betrays him by tricking him into signing a blood pact with Begnion and then vanishing. This ends up putting the lives of the entire country of Daein into jeopardy if he doesn't follow Begnion's orders to the letter, with no way of knowing how to stop it.]] He struggles to deal with this on his own throughout most of Part 3, but by the time he finally confides with Micaiah on what's really going on and is able to find a solution shortly after, Ike's army is right on their doorstep. And to make matters worse [[spoiler:his solution, killing a pact-bearer (i.e. himself) is only half of what needs to be done, and just results in him dying for nothing. This is the only fate for him on one's first run through the game, but on a second playthrough Micaiah can stop the sacrifice, allowing him to survive and fight alonside the army.]] It's somewhat telling in that, should he survive to the end of the game, [[spoiler: he willingly abdicates the throne to Micaiah and serves as an advisor on her court, a role far more suited to him.]]

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