->''"Bring us the girl, and wipe away the debt."''
-->-- '''Robert Lutece''', ''VideoGame/BioShockInfinite''

You need a character to betray your hero, or kidnap someone, or be TheMole. But you don't want them to do it ForTheEvulz, so they need a motivation. The easiest one is that they need lots of quick money. And why would they?

This trope is the answer. They have been gambling too much and now have to pay or face serious consequences, ranging from {{Kneecapping}} to actual death. So the evil guys blackmail them into whatever they need in exchange for having the debts paid. That does it: [[ForcedIntoEvil they're not evil, just desperate]].

It's an easy move, because you have a character with a dangerous flaw and a clear motivation, but who still can be good if the story needs it. Kind of a DiscreditedTrope maybe because of that, especially in spy stories, but still used occasionally.

Often happens to TheGamblingAddict, especially after an AbsurdlyHighStakesGame. May be the victim of the ProfessionalGambler, as well as TheMafia. Compare BoxedCrook. For similar stock motivations without the tragic flaw, see HealthcareMotivation and TheCommiesMadeMeDoIt.


[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* Manga/{{Kaiji}} is constantly trying to find a way to pay off his debt. It usually ends up with him in worse debt.
* In ''Manga/{{Kakegurui}}'', students who can't afford to pay their dues to the AbsurdlyPowerfulStudentCouncil as a result of their gambling debts end up enslaved by the richer students.
* The male protagonist of ''Manga/HayateTheCombatButler'' is trapped by his parents' debts.
* Subverted by Tsunade in ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'', who uses her jutsu to change her looks from an old woman to a young girl and everything in between, and is always on the move with Shizune, to escape her creditors, with IOU note in tow. (This aspect of her character may be inspired by the {{Tanuki}}.)
* Since the nature of Faye's debt on ''Anime/CowboyBebop'' is not explained for several episodes, some characters assume it is this.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In [[MultipleChoicePast one of the origins]] of SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker, he was a poor schlub who needed to pay off his gambling debts so he got roped into being the Red Hood (the alleged head of a gang but really just a guy the rest of the gang hires to be [[FaceOfTheBand The Face of the Gang]]), then fell in a vat of chemicals and became the Joker.
* In ''ComicBook/{{Tintin}}'', this is how Colonel Boris/Jorgen trapped [[spoiler:Frank Wolff]] into becoming TheMole.
* One ''ComicBook/ThePunisher'' story involves a cop trying to pay off his gambling debts by passing off cocaine seizures to the mobsters.

[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* ''Disney/OliverAndCompany'': If one notices at the end Fagin the hobo makes a bet with Winston and after losing it, tries to walk away, implying that this was how he got involved with LoanShark Sykes.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The plot of ''Film/LockStockAndTwoSmokingBarrels'' is driven by the main character's need to pay off a massive gambling debt owed to the gangster Hatchet Harry. Harry's hoping to use the debt to force the guy's father to hand over his pub. A debt that he has because Harry cheated in the game.
* In the movie ''Film/DirtyWork'', the gambling-addicted Dr. Farthing (ChevyChase) will only raise Pops on the heart transplant list if he is paid $50,000 to save him from his bookie.
* In ''Film/LuckyNumberSlevin'', the Boss and The Rabbi rope Slevin into their war by mistaking him for Nick Fisher, a lowlife who owes them tens of thousands of dollars. [[spoiler:Of course, Slevin planned for the mobsters to mistake him for Fisher]].
* In ''Film/AKnightsTale'', William bails Creator/GeoffreyChaucer out of his gambling debts, and in return, Chaucer travels as Will's herald.
* On the second to last play of ''Film/TheReplacements2000'', Nigel, the field goal kicker, confesses to Shane that he has to throw the game in order to not lose his bar as a result of gambling debts. Shane decides to improvise instead, by pulling the ball very much like Lucy would do to Charlie Brown, and running the ball instead.
* ''Film/TheFlintstonesInVivaRockVegas'': [[RichSuitorPoorSuitor Chip Rockfeller and Fred Flintstone]] were rivals for Wilma's affections. Rockfeller lured Fred into a casino of his, where Fred got a debt of 1.4 million clams. Rockfeller then offered to cancel the debt if Fred agreed to get out of Wilma's life forever. When Fred refused, Rockfeller stole Wilma's pearl necklace and framed Fred, claiming Fred intended to sell the necklace to pay his debt. Ironic because he himself was trying to repay his debt to {{Loan Shark}}s.
* Some deleted scenes in ''Film/ThePunisher2004'' show how Howard Saint found Frank's hideout. He blackmailed Frank's FBI buddy into telling him, which he did because of his gambling addiction.
* In ''Film/TheCooler'', the reason why Bernie Lootz works for the casino as a "Cooler" (he so unlucky that he can "cool off" other people's winning streaks) is because he owes the casino over a hundred thousand dollars in gambling debts.
* The film ''Film/{{Drive}}'' has an ex-convict having to pay off the mob for the protection he received in jail, at first it was $2,000 but it quickly rose to $8,000 when he got out of jail. This forces the protagonist to go on a heist in order to protect the ex-convict's wife and child, who he's madly in love with.
* In ''Film/TheDrop'' "Glory Days", Bob and Cousin Marv's dead friend, was one. To Cousin Marv. [[spoiler:Bob killed him because Marv was also in debt from gambling, and Glory Days having won the lottery and paid his debts presented an opportunity.]]
* Invoked by the heroes in ''Film/CasinoRoyale2006''. MI6's entire plan was to send Bond in to bust out Le Chiffre, so that he would be forced to come to them for protection from his creditors.
* In ''The Killing of a Chinese Bookie'', main character Cosmo Vittelli celebrates finally paying off his strip club by getting into a poker game that ends up putting him in debt to the mob. They say he can pay off the debt by killing a rival Chinese bookie.
* In ''Film/HussarBallad'' that's the reason for lieutenant Rzhevsky to visit the main character's house. His uncle covered his card debt, but insisted that Rzhevsky finally marries.
* ''Film/GangRelated'': Detective Rodriguez is hounded by an EvilDebtCollector and his huge bodyguard because of outstanding gambling debts. [[spoiler:When the crimes he committed with his partner are about to be exposed he attacks them in a moment of rage and is shot to death.]]
* In ''Film/MurderAtTheBaskervilles'', Moriarty buys up Straker's debts and uses them to extort him into complying with his scheme to nobble Silver Blaze.

* ''24 Hours in the Life of a Woman'' has a man ready to commit suicide because he lost all his money. The title woman saves him, gives him money for a fresh new start... and he wastes it gambling again.
* [[TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}} Black Library]] novel ''Hammers of Ulric'' has Anspach the Templar and his debts to the head of the criminal organization in Middenheim.
* In the Literature/LordDarcy novel ''Too Many Magicians'', uncovering one character's gambling debts and the associated blackmail forms a major subplot.
* Early in the ''Literature/GarrettPI'' series, Morley Dotes gets into trouble because of his addiction to water-spider races.
* Ludovic Bagman in ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire'' is suspiciously generous to Harry during the Triwizard Tournamet, always offering him tips and pointers and giving him consistently high marks. At the end it's revealed [[spoiler: he's in massive debt to goblins and was trying to help Harry because he put a massive bet on him to win the tournament.]] It doesn't work because [[spoiler: the goblins argue that Harry drew even with Cedric Diggory ([[SacrificialLion never mind the latter ending up dead]]]], so Bagman goes on the run [[LongBusTrip and is never seen again]].
* In a surely unique inversion, Creator/TimPowers' ''Literature/LastCall'' features a man trapped by the spiritual significance of the cards in his ''winning'' poker hand.
* This is how Sheridan winds up [[spoiler:kidnapping children, including one lethally bad choice]] in the Creator/StephenKing story ''[[Literature/NightmaresAndDreamscapes Popsy]]''.
* This is how ''Literature/TheCallOfTheWild'' is set in motion: one of the servants of Buck's original owner has a lot of gambling debt to pay off, and steals Buck in order to sell him to mushers for money.
* ''Literature/JamesBond''
** The traitor in the Secret Service in ''Literature/NoDealsMrBond'' works for the Soviets thanks to "fast women and slow horses".
** A Naval Intelligence agent in ''Literature/{{Brokenclaw}}'' manages to get inside the eponymous villain's inner circle because her father's gambling debts. She is presented to Brokenclaw as a payment, and he takes her as his lover.
* In ''Godshome'' by Creator/RobertSheckley, desperation when a "sure thing" stock market gamble goes wildly bad is what leads Arthur Fenn to try invoking old, forgotten gods.
* In ''The Dry'' by Jane Harper, this turns out to be the motive of [[spoiler: the actual murderer, complete with toughs threatening his family with a nail gun. When a colleague finds him committing fraud to pay them, he kills her whole family and makes it look like a PaterFamilicide.]]

[[folder: Live-Action TV]]
* In at least one episode of the ''Series/{{Poirot}}'' series of Creator/AgathaChristie adaptations starring David Suchet, a character was persuaded to get involved in a jewel robbery to pay off a gambling debt.
* One of Garibaldi's men is compromised this way in an early episode of ''Series/BabylonFive''. Garibaldi is smart enough to have him taken off duty to avoid the usual results of this. Then when he suddenly comes up with enough cash to repay his debts and be placed back on duty, Garibaldi is smart enough to see why ''that'' should be a red flag.
* ''Series/VeronicaMars'': Jacky's father is blackmailed into working security for a morally ambiguous casino owner in order to pay off his debt.
* ''Series/MiamiVice'' has an episode in the final season where Switek has to convince a aspiring football player to throw the BigGame to cover his massive debts.
* Brazilian series ''Caça Talentos'' had one special episode where a CorruptCorporateExecutive controlled an unwilling minion through this trope. When said minion refused to trick a girl into signing a similar contract, she (unbeknownst to them a MagicalGirl), used her powers to make his contract vanish, freeing him from his debt.
* On ''Series/{{Banshee}}'' a criminal owes the local Indian casino thousands of dollars so the new tribal chief offers to forgive the debt in exchange for [[spoiler:murdering Kai Proctor]].
* On ''Series/PersonOfInterest'' a [=PoI=] is forced into participating in a money laundering scheme because he owes a crooked casino owner a lot of money. However, Finch later discovers that the man accrued the debt not because he is TheGamblingAddict but because he is [[spoiler:a CardSharp who cheated the casino out of a lot of money to pay his wife's medical bills and could not pay it back when the casino owner found out what happened]]..
* On ''Series/{{Vegas|2012}}'' a crooked casino manager would extend credit to [[TheGamblingAddict hopeless gamblers]] and when they could not pay back, he coerced them into embezzling from their employers. He would then let them gamble more so they had to embezzle more. Ironically, his mobster bosses would not have approved of this scheme because they were making way more money from legitimate gambling and this type of petty scheme risked unwanted police attention.
* One of several problems the Castillo family has in ''Series/{{Destinos}}'' is finding out that [[spoiler:Carlos has been embezzling from the family business to cover wife Gloria's gambling debts]].
* In the ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' episode [[Recap/SupernaturalS02E20WhatIsAndWhatShouldNeverBe "What Is And What Should Never Be" (S02, Ep20)]], Dean pretends to be stealing his mother's good silver to cover a gambling debt. His brother believes him, but Dean actually needs the silver to kill a djinn.
* ''Series/AdamAdamantLives'': Happens to the Arab prince in "Allah Is Not Always With You". The entire scheme was a set-up to get him to sign an IOU that would allow the villain to blackmail him once he inherited the throne.
* ''Series/LawAndOrderSVU'': Detective Rollins gets in over her head at an underground casino, and is seemingly forced to do favors (sexual and otherwise) to work it off. Later, it is revealed that TheDragon is actually a DeepCoverAgent, and her career is saved by a thread.
* ''Series/TheSopranos'' gives us David Scatino, Tony's childhood friend and now owner of a large sporting goods store, who gets involved in some of Tony's high-stakes poker games and gets way in over his head. To "repay" the debt, Tony decides to "bust out" David's store: forcing him to buy useless crap on credit and give it to them so they can sell it (for practically all profit). Within weeks, the business is dead and David is forced into bankruptcy.
* ''Series/TheDoctorBlakeMysteries'': In "Against the Odds", a jockey is seriously in debt to a bookie. The bookie agrees to wipe the slate if the jockey - who is riding the favourite in the Ballarat Cup - [[FixingTheGame throws the race]].

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* A series of ''ComicStrip/GetFuzzy'' comic strips had Bucky facing the threat of getting killed by another cat, because Bucky lost a bet on a baseball game and didn't have enough money to pay the debt. [[spoiler:The team that Bucky bet on was the Mariners, but he lost that bet because one of their players had retired before he even made the bet.]]
* This happens several times, to Rudy Wong, Lily's brother, in ''ComicStrip/TheWorldOfLilyWong''.

* In the first episode of ''Radio/TheAdventuresOfHarryNile'', Harry owes a gambling debt to a mob boss and is sent to kill a guy to pay it back.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''Murphy's World''. In the adventure "Robyn's Summer Romance in Asgard", one way given to railroad the {{PC}}s into the scenario is force them to gamble and lose big, thus requiring them to go on the adventure to pay off their gambling debt.
* HoylesRulesOfDragonPoker [[SarcasmMode ''helpfully'']] requires players to use only Clubs when they fall into debt. [[ZigzaggedTrope Zigzagged]] in that the guide discourages players from letting anyone lose too much in friendly games.

* In ''Theatre/KissMeKate'', Bill has lost money gambling and forged Fred's signature on a $10,000 IOU. This results in two gangsters entering to make sure TheShowMustGoOn.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/KnightsOfTheOldRepublicII'', a Twi'lek laborer is so addicted to Pazaak that he gambled away his ''girlfriend''. You can play the dealer to whom he owes the debt in order to bail out the girlfriend, or simply buy her freedom if you have the credits for it. Either she dumps her idiot boyfriend, or you order her to go with her idiot boyfriend, or you can take ownership of her yourself and keep her wages while telling the idiot boyfriend he's out of luck.
* Roman Bellic's gambling problems are why his cousin Niko ends up getting in trouble at the start of ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIV''.
* Gambling debts are what got Booker [=DeWitt=] involved in the plot of ''Videogame/BioshockInfinite''. This article's header, "Bring us [[LivingMacGuffin the girl]] and wipe away the debt," is one of the game's [[ArcWords Arc Phrases]], although [[spoiler: it's not actually referring to what he's doing in the present day.]]
* ''VideoGame/FireEmblemTellius'': Makalov is a compulsive gambler with a tendency to wrack up large debts then skip town, leaving others, often his sister Marcia, to deal with the debtors. This leads him to the employ of various shady characters until his sister drags him away to join the Greil Mercenaries. Ike has the debts paid off to keep collectors from hounding them, so he now owns the debt, and has Makalov fight to work it off.
-->'''Ike''': You are going to be working for us for a very long time, my friend.
* In ''VideoGame/FalloutNewVegas'' if you have the "Debt Collector" and "Wang Dang Atomic Tango" quests active at the same time you can force [[LatinLover Santiago]] to work off his gambling debt to the Garret twins as a prostitute.
* A variation in ''VideoGame/Hitman2016''. The final target of Season One is a former assassin turned board director who, despite presumably having a high paying job on top of a comfortable pension, is constantly short on money thanks to his crippling gambling addiction. Because of this, when he suddenly needs a major expensive surgery using an impossible to get transplant organ to save his life, he was forced to [[spoiler:sell out the ICA to Providence]] in exchange for the surgery, which results in Agent 47 sent after him to claim retribution.
* The entire plot of ''VideoGame/{{Cuphead}}'' is kicked off when the titular character loses a bet at the Devil's casino. To save their souls, Cuphead and Mugman have to go out and collect the soul contracts of the Devil's other debtors who haven't paid their dues.

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* In the ''Franchise/AceAttorney'' series, [[spoiler:Glen Elg]] fits this trope. [[spoiler:He created a powerful computer virus, MC Bomber, to repay his debt in barter (the virus would be worth millions on the black market). However, he won enough in the lottery to repay his debt - and as such, Furio Tigre, to whom he'd owed the money and who was desperate to repay a massive debt of his own (the collateral was enough to repay his debt, but the money Glen owed was not), murdered him to claim the virus and lottery ticket together.]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'', though not a ''gambling'' debt, Charlie Collins ends up being indebted to the Joker after he [[MuggingTheMonster cusses out the Joker]] for cutting him off in traffic. Joker "generously" decides not to kill him, in exchange for a favour...
* ''WesternAnimation/ChipAndDaleRescueRangers'': When Klordane framed a cop with theft, he forged evidence suggesting the cop had gambling debts to pay.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** When Sideshow Bob framed Krusty with armed robbery, the prosecutor used Krusty's gambling debts to establish motive. Krusty asked if it was a crime to gamble and he was told it was.
** A later episode has Krusty's gambling debts to the Mob get so bad that he's forced to open a clown college and (when he blows all the money from that [[TooDumbToLive betting against the Harlem Globetrotters playing the Washington Generals]][[note]]the joke being that the Generals ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_Generals always]]'' deliberately lose[[/note]]) fleeing to Europe. [[spoiler: His debts turn out to amount to $50.]]
** Moe's not exactly a stranger to gambling debt himself.
* Mark Allan in ''WesternAnimation/TheSpectacularSpiderMan''. His gambling problem gets him in deep with the Green Goblin's [[MiddleManagementMook middle-management guy]], who coerces him into taking part in an experiment that turns him into the Molten Man.
* In "Hong Kong Nights" of ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDragonJakeLong'', this is how Fu Dog was before meeting Lao Shi, Jake's grandfather in the '70s- a petty thief forced into the life by his debts.
-->'''Fu:''' Please don't hurt me! I've got a wife at home! And kids! Alright, so I don't have a wife, kids, or even a home! But I'm up to my neck folds in gambling debts and I don't know what else to doooo!
* ''WesternAnimation/AquaTeenHungerForce'' episode "Bookie" is all about this happening to Shake.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* TruthInTelevision as far as the Mafia were/are concerned. A favourite way for them to get their hooks into a business was to let a gambling-addicted owner run up impossible debts with a mob bookie.
** Often a motive for a bad guy to become TheInformant as well.
** Note that this is averted respecting legal gambling institutions. Legitimate casinos and betting houses know that your gambling debts ''can'' and ''will'' be discharged in bankruptcy (unless you defrauded the house): they lose millions if not billions a year to gambling debtors who either have all their debts discharged or settle with the casino/betting house for a lower amount, and any gambling institution will have accounted for all this in its budget. This is a fairly common argument in favor of legalizing gambling, as between the dischargeable/settleable nature of gaming debt and the ability to admit gambling problems without having to admit to a crime, gamblers are more likely to seek help for gambling addiction than turn to crime to support their habits. It's not a 100% solution, as some gamblers still react to the social shame of admitting a gambling problem by committing crimes,[[note]]A fairly common problem for [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_court drug courts]] to grapple with is whether gambling addicts are eligible for admission to their programs (which offer people who have committed crimes to support an addiction the promise of a relatively clean record if they comply with rigorous treatment), as the statutory language authorizing drug courts tends to specify substance abuse as the sole acceptable addiction for admission, but the research shows that gambling addiction is so psychologically similar to drug addiction that it kind of makes sense to bring it in. This has been a particular issue in New Jersey, where gambling is more or less legal and which has a robust drug court but also a fairly clear bar against using gambling addiction as a basis for admission to the program.[[/note]] but it has been accepted in some circles.
* One of the reasons Marc Antony was so loyal to UsefulNotes/JuliusCaesar was that the latter covered the former's gambling and prostitute debts that in modern terms [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Antony stacked up to about US$5 million]].
* The reason why background checks on law enforcement and intelligence personnel (and for that matter most mid- to high-level government employees) always include financial audits. Being in debt isn't so much of a problem ''per se'' (everybody, even the average cop or spy, runs into financial trouble from time to time) as the reason ''why'' you're in debt (are you paying off your kid's orthodontist bill, or did you place some bad bets at the track?), where you're getting your money from, and your likelihood of ''habitually'' incurring debts.
* If you (plan on) profit(ing) from it, loaning money or other stuff (at any interest rate) for gambling purposes is a form of usury in UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}}, [[http://www.pgdlisboa.pt/leis/lei_mostra_articulado.php?artigo_id=242A0114&nid=242&tabela=leis&pagina=1&ficha=1&so_miolo=&nversao=#artigo punishable by]] [[http://www.pgdlisboa.pt/leis/lei_mostra_articulado.php?artigo_id=109A0226&nid=109&tabela=leis&pagina=1&ficha=1&so_miolo=&nversao=#artigo up to two years in prison]] (or five if you turn usury into a way of life, demand a bill of exchange or simulate a contract, or consciously cause, by way of usury, the patrimonial ruin of the victim).