->''"We were like you once, but now we are different... certain weaknesses have been removed."''
-->--'''A Cyberman''', ''Series/DoctorWho'', "The Tenth Planet"

Related to the PlanetOfTheApesEnding, and sort of like WasOnceAMan for an entire species, this is where a group of alien/future creatures (typically those encountered by normal humans) are revealed to be the [[HollywoodEvolution future evolutionary path]] of humanity. These creatures are often monstrous in appearance and behavior and this idea generally has a strong element of HumansAreTheRealMonsters. Compare with NotEvenHuman; in this case, they are worse because they are. Note that there are occasional instances of uplifted humans who having experienced TheSingularity are benevolent and god-like.

Compare/contrast with HumanAllAlong and HumanSubspecies. Not to be confused with {{Ultraterrestrials}}. See also NoTranshumanismAllowed and {{Transhuman}}.

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* The Abh from ''LightNovel/CrestOfTheStars'' and sequels. Engineered to be space explorers they have a third eye and some modifications to the brain so they can navigate better in three dimensions. Also longer life and adaptions to cope with extended periods of microgravity with periods of high acceleration since they were created before the in universe discovery of FasterThanLightTravel and ArtificialGravity.
* Possibly true at the end of ''ErgoProxy'' [[spoiler: the Proxies were created by humans with the intent that they would make Earth habitable again. When this does occur at the end of the series, you see a bunch of spaceships descend from the sky intent on killing the human survivors from the domes. While the viewer isn't shown what they look like, they are alien invaders who were/are human- see ''Man After Man'' below]]
* In ''SuperDimensionFortressMacross'', [[spoiler: the Protoculture, and arguably the Zentradi, as the Protoculture were more or less advanced humans who created the Zentradi to fight for them. Didn't work so well.]]
* In ''SuiseiNoGargantia''[[spoiler: the Hideauze are revealed to be this. They are descendants from humans who volunteered themselves to be part of genetic experiments that would allow the human body to survive the harshness of space]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* TheReveal in the ''ComicBook/TwoThousandAD'' series [[spoiler: ''ComicBook/{{Zenith}}'']] was that the EldritchAbomination villains were actually a trio of Earth superhumans who had evolved far beyond human form and and gotten stuck on the wrong side of a dimensional barrier in the process.
* The Sheeda from Creator/GrantMorrison's ''SevenSoldiers'' series were a future posthuman species that robbed the past to support their resource-poor civilization.
* The many races of Creator/MarvelComics' [[Franchise/{{Micronauts}} Microverse]] are all descended from a [[http://www.marvunapp.com/Appendix/earthswordinthestar.htm future humanity]] which fled through time, space and dimensions to escape a genocidal war.
* Creator/NeilGaiman's ''ComicBook/TheBooksOfMagic'' features a vision of a dying Earth where the surviving humans have evolved into tall, translucent-skinned hunter-gatherers with drastically reduced intelligence. Their bodies produce chlorophyll to help cope with the lack of nutrients left on the planet.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* The robotic alien creatures at the end of ''Film/AIArtificialIntelligence'' are a rare positive example of this. Being robots with biological components in a world where humans are extinct, the implication is either they are robots who won the RobotWar with evil humans or else uplifted humans who learned the error of their ways. In either case, they are a SufficientlyAdvancedAlien.
* A borderline example in ''Film/TheDescent'' with the cave creatures who evolved from homo sapiens or an earlier ancestor.
* ''Film/{{Pandorum}}'', the creatures are at first assumed to be aliens that somehow got aboard the ship. It's revealed [[spoiler:that they were humans that, like everyone on board, were exposed to an agent to accelerate their evolution and evolved to life on the ship.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* ''TheTimeMachine'' is an early example with the Morlocks and Eloi as future humans and neither presenting that pleasant an outcome for the species.
* ''ManAfterMan'' is all about this in a heavily HumansAreBastards way. Much of the book is about various genetically engineered species of humans all heavily dehumanized (and [[CripplingOverspecialization cripplingly overspecialized]] to boot). The book ends with an alien species coming to earth and destroying all life on land. They are the evolved remnants of the humans who went into space at the beginning of the book.
* Creator/IsaacAsimov's Solarians eventually genetically re-engineered themselves into a race of hermaphrodites with psychic powers in the name of their world's social code, opposing any physical contact between human beings.
* ''The Literature/BelisariusSeries'' by DavidDrake and Eric Flint features in its backstory two opposing factions in a far-future war. One faction is made up of Transhuman Aliens, humans evolved or genetically engineered to live on alien worlds, some even evolving into gigantic {{Space Whale}}s. Others scuttle about on crab-like legs that are modified ribs. The opposing faction fancies themselves the original, pure-blood humans, and [[FantasticRacism wants to wipe out]] all the evolved and engineered subspecies of humanity. Of course, this far in the future, they aren't recognizably human any more, either.
** More precisely, the [[SpaceWhale Great Ones]] are so different as to be made of non-organic crystals and forcefields, but think like human beings; whereas the New Gods resembe impossibly perfect humans, but have lost all compassion for those not like themsleves to the point where they seem less human than the Great Ones. The ideology of the conflict is whether humanity should be defined by your mind or by your biology. This is why one faction is trying to alter the past into a meritocratic society, and the other into a caste-based eugenic society.
* The MilesVorkosigan series has three examples in the Cetagandans, the "Quaddies", and the Betan Hermaphrodites. The Cetagandans are an EvilutionaryBiologist race who are continually experimenting with genetics so as to "perfect" themselves. They still look human now but it's hard to say what the future holds for them. The Quaddies are a people specifically engineered for zero gravity with a second set of arms instead of legs. Normal humans shunned them so they fled and set up their own society after the invention of artificial gravity precluded any real need for their services. The Betan hermaphodites are described as "Betan egalitarinism gone mad" and are relatively normal except for the obvious. They're also a minority even on their home planet though they're much in demand as sex therapists.
* A group of Sauron SuperSoldiers of the ''CoDominium'' universe invade Haven. The natives blame everything from SpacePirates to supernatural monsters. Having the Saurons rule most of the planet for several centuries does nothing to clear up the matter for most people.
* Several ''Franchise/StarTrek'' ExpandedUniverse novels have the crew meeting "aliens" who turn out to be heavily modified humans.
* The Homo Ludens in the Creator/StrugatskyBrothers ''Literature/TheTimeWanderers'' are essentially [[spoiler:a select group of human beings that have [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence ascended to a higher level of existence]] and left the Earth, having lost all interest in their old lives, friends and relatives, but also having promised to defend their lesser brethren if need be. They're benign, just rather detached]].
* In ''[[Literature/HyperionCantos Fall of Hyperion]]'', [[spoiler:the Ousters have modified their DNA to varying levels; the more extreme variants have massive wings and are capable of flying unassisted in space.]]
* In ''[[PoulAnderson The Avatar]]'', [[spoiler:the Others seen to fit this trope, and actually invite Caitlín to become one of them.]]
* Lots and lots in Creator/AlastairReynolds works, notably ''Literature/RevelationSpace''. The Ultras vary from human-seeming to animated works of art; the Skyjacks are permanently adapted for life in space; the Stoners are heavily augmented humans who go so far as swapping sexes and appearances the way most people choose hairstyles - Zebra, in Chasm City, has horselike legs, zebra stripe skin pigmentation, a mohawk that runs all the way down her spine, horselike ''eyes'', and [[GenderBender hasn't always been female]]. Not that any of that gives the hero a moment's pause before bedding her. In Zima Blue, outside of the Revelation Space universe, an artist who appears to be a transhuman turns out to be [[spoiler:a pool-cleaning robot who developed sentience and modified itself repeatedly over the centuries.]]
** Even more so in ''Literature/HouseOfSuns'', where we have a galaxy of staggeringly diverse beings, from sea-life to giant space-dwellers to semi-sentient weather, all of which are in fact evolved or modified human stock. The only reason the central characters are remotely recognizable as human comes of their spending the eons since the original diaspora flitting around at relativistic speeds and thus have passed much less subjective time in the meanwhile.
* In Creator/JackVance's 1962 story, ''Literature/TheDragonMasters'', a human colony is plagued by alien kidnappers. After fighting back and taking captives, the story shifts ahead many years, and the captive aliens have been bred into [[OurDragonsAreDifferent Dragons of many breeds with many purposes]]. When the alien slavers return, its revealed that they have [[BodyHorror done the same with their human captives.]]
* In Steve Alten's ''Phobos: Mayan Fear'', the grey aliens held captive in Area 51 turn to be transhumans from the future, [[spoiler:specifically the ancient Mayans leaded by Chilam Balam through the wormhole created in the past by the present CERN.]]
* In M.C.A. Hogarth's ''Literature/ParadoxUniverse'' the Pelted are multiple races of genetically engineered [[PettingZooPeople human-animal hybrids]] created in the 21st century as servants. After a number of scandals they were given a fleet of GenerationShips and left the Sol system. Over the centuries some races forgot their origins but the books take place after FTL drive is developed and contact between earth and the Pelted worlds is re-established and their genealogy is common knowledge. [[spoiler: The [[SpaceElves Eldritch]] on the other hand keep their human ancestry a closely guarded secret, most of the Alliance believes them to be true aliens, despite looking considerably more human than most Pelted.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Lots of examples in ''Series/DoctorWho''.
** [[CyberneticsEatYourSoul The Cybermen]] from the page quote.
*** Some Cybermen aren't technically humans--they're a nearly identical humanoid race from Earth's long-lost twin planet Mondas. Regardless, they often [[UnwillingRoboticisation forcibly convert]] humans and HumanoidAliens into Cybermen, so at least some Cybermen fit this trope perfectly.
*** Other Cybermen are humans from an AlternateUniverse.
** [[spoiler:In the episodes with John Simm's Master, his minions, the "Toclafane" are refugees from a decayed far future. They are a race of cheerful psychopaths which normally look like flying silver basketballs. Inside these "balls" are [[BrainInAJar human heads]], revealing their true species.]]
** ''Series/DoctorWho'' also had Daleks that were partially built from human DNA in "The Parting of the Ways" as well as a human being converted into a human-Dalek hybrid in "Daleks in Manhattan/ Evolution of The Daleks".
** [[spoiler:The Face of Boe]] is most likely a human--specifically, [[spoiler:Captain Jack Harkness]]--after eons of AgeWithoutYouth.
* Nietzscheans and the Castalian fish-people from ''Series/{{Andromeda}}''. Nietzscheans are humans genetically engineered to be superior {{Ubermensch}}en by a literal NietzscheWannabe MadScientist a thousand years or so before the events of the series. They can eat almost anything organic, have nanobot-enhanced immune systems, and [[SpikesOfDoom bone spikes]] growing out of their forearms (in addition to the usual SuperStrength and other enhanced physical abilities). The Castalians are humans genetically engineered with gills to live underwater and breathe water rather than air. They've got nifty water-tank backpacks with tubes to their neck gills for when they have to come out of the water to meet others. Nietzscheans are pretty much neutral, Castalians generally fairly good guys, although they've done some nasty things to survive in the CrapsackWorld after the fall of the [[TheFederation the Commonwealth]].
** There are a few less obvious examples. For example, Dylan's enhanced strength ans a few other traits are due to his mother being a high gravity worlder. Becca has a number of enhancements such as enhanced reaction time that make her a better spacer (and were reverse-engineered by the time-traveling creator of the Nietzcheans). The crew had only one un-altered human (until they started to get a bigger crew in later seasons), and it was mentioned a few times that more than 80% of humans have some kind of engineered genetics.
* ''Series/BabylonFive'' season 4 finale, "Deconstruction of Falling Stars" had a human from a million years into the future revealed as a trans-human EnergyBeing that uses an encounter suit much like the Vorlons earlier in the series did.
** Jason Ironheart becomes one after an experiment at creating telekinetics turns him into an EnergyBeing.
* The third season ''Series/BlakesSeven'' episode "Moloch" featured one of these, although it was {{justified|Trope}}, more or less, since said being was the result of a computer simulation made flesh by an [[AppliedPhlebotinum ultra-sophisticated replicator]].
* It's suggested (the crew can't really go look; finding Earth is one of the series' goals, though hardly ever really worked toward) that humanity is extinct in ''Series/RedDwarf'' due to the 3 million year difference between when Lister left Earth and the current time frame. They don't really know what happened, but in the first episode it is suggested that if 3 million years could turn a house cat into Felis Sapien, Lister compared to "modern" humanity might as well be the slime that crawled out of the primordial sea.
** The various species of [=GELFs=] (Genetically Engineered Life Forms) the crew encounters are all of human creation, but they serve very much the same role in the plots that aliens would in a more conventional space opera.
** Basically, ''every'' "alien" in Series/RedDwarf is a human creation, fast-forwarded three million years. Many shows have ThePrecursors; here, we're it.
* The ''Series/StarTrekEnterprise'' episode "Terra Nova" has the Enterprise encounter a colony wiped out by radiation, and an [[AliensSpeakingEnglish English-speaking]] primitive group of underground-dwelling bumpy-skinned humanoids, all under a certain age. Guess what, they're [[spoiler:the surviving kids and their descendants, having been hidden away in a shelter when their parents died]]. Why the Enterprise crew don't make the connection sooner is [[IdiotBall just par for the course]] for that series.
** ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' {{inverted|Trope}} this trope [[spoiler:when it was revealed that ALL humanoid species, including humans themselves, were descended from ancient humanoids that thrived billions of years ago. The first humanoids had explored the galaxy and found [[AbsentAliens no beings like themselves]].]]
** ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'' In an episode where Tom Paris breaks the warp threshold and has his [[spoiler:natural evolution accelerated to the point where he mutates into a primitive salamander-like creature along with the captain]].
** Series wide, the human members of [[YouWillBeAssimilated the Borg]] could qualify. The vast majority of Borg drones seen seem to be human, including the various Borg Queens. That said, this is a series famous for its HumanAliens, so they could just be aliens that look a lot like humans.
* The "ascended beings" in ''Series/StargateSG1'' - at least, the ones who were human before they ascended.
* An episode of ''Series/TheOuterLimits'' has a group of college students board an ancient alien starship. When they land, they find a skeleton of a human-like figure with bat wings, which they assume to belong to the aliens who sent the ship. Then it is revealed that the planet is [[PlanetOfTheApesEnding actually Earth in the future]], meaning the skeleton belongs to a human who has either evolved or has been genetically modified to have wings.
** It's pretty clearly intended to be genetic engineering. They only traveled 200 years into the future, and the writings they find imply that humanity was wiped out in an inadvertently self-created [[GeneticEngineeringIsTheNewNuke biological apocalypse.]]
** The original ''Outer Limits'' had the classic episode "The Sixth Finger," about a working class guy who gets accelerated through EvolutionaryLevels to become a superintelligent creature. TranshumanTreachery follows, partly because he had been kind of a misanthrope to begin with.
* [[spoiler:The Observers]] of ''Series/{{Fringe}}'' are revealed to be this, albeit coming from one possible future of humanity. Using their unique mastery of time, they are free to interact with the past (including our present).
* When Peter has amnesia in Volume 2 of ''{{Series/Heroes}}'', his soon-to-be-love-interest, Caitlyn, says she thought he was an alien escaped from a military base.
* On ''Series/{{Primeval}}'', it's speculated that the Mer Creatures from the future may be descended from humans, although it's only solidly established that they're primates.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Some role-playing-games use the term "Evolutionary Offshoots" for such creatures
* The Therians from ''TabletopGame/AT43''. They're more Well-Intentioned Extremists than villains, as they're the descendants of humanity, but found that the universe would collapse in a trillion years in its current state. To prevent this, they seeded worlds with life which would strip their homeworlds of resources, allowing their conversion into a gigantic Dyson sphere. All the other factions in the series were seeded by them. [[SlidingScaleOfSillinessVersusSeriousness As is befitting AT-43]], they are also huge nerds. The {{MMORPG}} is the basis for their society, and [[{{Fora}} forums]] are considered cities.
* "Transhumanity" in ''EclipsePhase'' is ''mostly'' composed of humanity and its descendants, though except for flats, almost everyone is genetically enhanced to some degree and virtually immortal. It also includes uplifted animals and AIs though, who are not that different from humanity anymore (and can slip into each other's bodies).
* An early ''DragonMagazine'' article for the ''TabletopGame/GammaWorld'' RPG (several editions ago, and [[{{Retcon}} no longer canonical]]) justified the unrealistic physical hardiness of its "pure strain humans" by revealing that they're descended from genetically-engineered superhumans. Untampered humans' descendants are all mutants; "pure strains" only ''think'' they're the original human type because they closely resemble the humans in ancient pictures.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Continuum}}'' plays this a number of ways- every Spanner, whether Continuum or Narcissist has been at least partially uplifted by future technology to give them the ability to TimeTravel. Aquarian humans from after 2222 AD or so are benevolent, slightly weird telepaths (and get weirder the further Up you go) as a result of the same sets of technology, while past 2400 the world belongs to the Exalted and the [[TheGreys Inheritors]]. The Inheritors have apparently managed to colonise and fill the rest of the universe, so a portion of UFO sightings are spotting them taking a break en route to their colonies in the Earth's past (the rest are spotting them [[SetRightWhatOnceWentWrong cleaning up someone's attempt to mess with causality and cause vigintillions of Inheritors to never have existed]]). The monstrous side of the trope is played straight by [[spoiler:[[EldritchAbomination the Scorpiod Kings of Antedesertium]] who all started out as ''human'' Narcissists]].
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' has Ogryns and Ratlings - ogrish and halfling-like "abhumans" who have evolved markedly different physiques from the rest of humanity thanks to the high and low gravities of their respective worlds. They are generally employed by the Imperial Guard as brutal shock troops and snipers respectively. Squats, too (Space Dwarfs), were portrayed as a stable strain of abhuman mutants, but they are generally not considered a part of the 40k universe anymore.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The Abh from ''LightNovel/CrestOfTheStars'' and the Androsynth from ''StarControl'' are both genetically engineered humans.
* The Veruni of ''VideoGame/{{Wild ARMs 5}}'' are believed to be aliens by the inhabitants of the Filgaia they conquered. However, it later comes to light that centuries ago they fled Filgaia by spacecraft and then returned a few decades ago. However, their alternate path of evolution has made them unfit to survive on Filgaia and they are dying out.
** Also ''[[VideoGame/WildArms1 Wild ARMs]]'', where the evil alien robots turn out to be robots from the future after mankind has replaced organic parts with machine parts.
* ''VideoGame/HalfLife2'': Combine Overwatch soldiers are substantially modified humans touted as "transhuman" and the [[EvolutionaryLevels next stage]] in the human species' evolution, according to Dr. Breen, and are referred to by Dr Kleiner as the "post-human allies" of the Combine in one of his broadcasts. The Combine will uplift you to the next stage of evolution ''whether you like it or not''.
* [[ScaryDogmaticAliens The Rikti]] from ''CityOfHeroes'' are mutated humans from an AlternateUniverse. They're disfigured to the point of being unrecognizable as human, but they also have [[CursedWithAwesome advanced technology and]] PsychicPowers.
* Each of the three factions of the Korean MMO ''RFOnline'' are this: The Bellato are short Heavy Worlders, the Cora are space elves with psychic powers, and the Accretians are cyborgs with Landmate-sized bodies.
* Lunarians from ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' were humans that moved to the earth in ancient times. They also have the most advanced technology in the series, live on the source of Gensokyo's magic, and include a pair of {{Mary Sue}}s that systematically defeat many of the main characters.
* The Omar in ''VideoGame/DeusExInvisibleWar''.
* [[spoiler:The Reapers]] in ''Franchise/MassEffect'', although [[spoiler:they're more along the lines of Trans''alien'' Aliens.]]
* In ''{{Achron}}'' it is not stated outright, but can be inferred that [[spoiler:the Vecgir]] are in fact the decendants of humanity that [[spoiler:have been enslaved and modified by the Coremind in a loop that has been going on for millions of meta-years.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* The world of ''{{Drowtales}}'' contains both normal humans and "Rift Halmes", who have changed due to living underground.
** Venusians in Triquetra Cats, using cybernetics and genetic manipulation to adapt themselves to Venus, humans from that planet end up looking like cyborg Grey Aliens
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* Many, many kinds of TranshumanAliens in ''OrionsArm''. Generally positive in portrayal.
* Implied by [[http://www.futuretimeline.net/the-far-future.htm#superhuman FutureTimeline.net]], at least in the Far Future [[http://www.futuretimeline.net/beyond.htm#1000000 section]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The Gobots from ''WesternAnimation/ChallengeOfTheGobots'' are descended from HumanAliens rather than humans per se, but they're still a race of {{Cyborg}}s.
* In "End Sinister," the last episode of ''WesternAnimation/AeonFlux,'' [[spoiler: Aeon learns too late that the "aliens" are future humans, and that by killing them, she has exterminated the entire human race, except [[AdamAndEvePlot for her and Trevor]].]]
[[/folder]]

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