[[quoteright:320:[[WesternAnimation/ChipNDaleRescueRangers http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/whenmiceweremen.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:320:[-This idyllic [[{{Spexico}} Spanish town]] brought to you [[VisualPun by Red Bull]]! By the way, this "town" ''is [[ArtisticLicenseGeography supposed]] [[CriticalResearchFailure to be]] [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/99/Calle_de_Alcal%C3%A1_%28Madrid%29_16.jpg Madrid]]''-] ]]

->''"I have long been avowed enemy of bullfighting and flamenco.'' [...] ''No, it is not the intrinsic worth of bullfighting and flamenco that perturbs me but rather the way in which they reduce the rich history and culture of Spain to the level of exotic folklore."''
-->-- '''Jonathan Brown''' in the Foreword to ''Spain in America: The history of Hispanism in the United States" (2002), by Richard L. Kagan

The HollywoodAtlas version of Iberian countries (mostly UsefulNotes/{{Spain}} with possible addition of elements from UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}}, UsefulNotes/{{Andorra}}, etc.).

You know, that [[{{Spexico}} place]] where all the women dress in tiered skirts, and all the males in chaqué, where the landscape consists of mountains, red dry hills and beaches, and every night (because there's siesta all day anyway) passionate TallDarkAndHandsome toreadors with roses in their teeth escape from stampeding bulls while playing guitars, and equally passionate SpicyLatina [[UsefulNotes/{{Romani}} gypsies]] with roses in their hair, daggers in their garters and fans in their hands throw oranges at them while dancing flamenco. ''¡Olé!''

If you don't know why this trope fails that much at Geography, you should know that the Running of the Bulls (celebrated on the week beginning the 7th of July on the day know as "San Fermín") is celebrated only in Pamplona. The "Feria de Abril" (April Fair) where women actually dress with tiered spotted skirts and men wear chaqués is celebrated only in Seville. The distance between those cities is ''over 600 miles''. Yet in fiction, both seem to happen at the same time and place.

Additionally, the Running is often portrayed as featuring hundreds of bulls on a murderous stampede. In RealLife, though, there's generally no more than fifteen bulls, released in groups of four to six, and they're often surrounded by a larger crowd of people, including a group running around them to keep them following the right path. Bonus points if the work even decides to portray the correct path they follow, or simply has them rampaging through any of the city's streets freely.

Also, this Iberian country is always Spain. Portugal? What's a Portugal?

Toros Y Flamenco is one of the most popular origin countries for a LatinLover.

See also LatinLand, which shares many elements with this trope, due to strong historical and cultural ties between Iberia and South American countries. Sometimes confused or amalgamated (by hack authors) with SouthOfTheBorder into {{Spexico}} due to the same strong historical and cultural ties ''plus'' the similar climate.

Sometimes coincides with ItsAlwaysMardiGrasInNewOrleans, when a visit to Pamplona (or any other town in Iberia if the author is particularly lazy) is destined to happen exactly on the week of the Running of the Bulls.

In RealLife Spain this trope is known as ''Españolada''.



* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Z2_kKAe9y0 This commercial]] for EDS, with the running of the squirrels. Compare with [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9aM_3-00qX4 the real thing]]. In RealLife, Pamplona is a moderately large sized city in the comparatively humid North of the country.
* [[InvertedTrope Inverted]] by this [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sD8-h9Mgr2E Spanish beer ad]] that moves the running to the BigApplesauce and replaces the bulls with bisons.

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* Surprisingly averted by Antonio aka Spain in ''AxisPowersHetalia''; while there is official art with him in a matador costume, the traditional stereotypes about the country are barely touched (he is still depicted as a ''siesta'' lover, though) and his personality is less of a LatinLover and more of a NiceGuy.
** However, in his drama CD released on December 8th 2010, the first verse mentions bullfighting and flamenco almost immediately.
* Like every other national and ethnic stereotype, this trope is alive and well in ''GGundam''. "Now representing Neo Spain, Matador Gundam!"
* The Spain arc of ''AshitaNoNadja'' has Nadja working her ass off to learn how to dance Flamenco, befriending an embittered ''matador'', attracting the ire of [[spoiler: the matador's ''bailaora'' NewOldFlame as she returns into his life suddenly while having plans to use the guys's affection for her]]... and, in a subversion, it shows her [[spoiler: meeting up with Keith and mistaking him for his twin brother Francis]] in the ''Alhambra'' of Granada, a place that doesn't really follow the stereotypes above.
* Spain team in ''Medabots''; the medafighters are dressed as bullfighters and the Medabots are bulls!
* Played with in HanaNoKoLunlun. Around four episodes of the series happen in Spain, but only '''one''' involves the ''toros y flamenco'' stereotype. (Another even takes place in a desertic area, which can be either [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bardenas_Reales Bardenas Reales]], [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monegros_Desert Monegros]] or [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabernas_Desert Tabernas]].) In a further subversion, ''Lunlun'' had to disguise herself as a bullfighter to save herself and her companions from a bull, instead of meeting/befriending/helping a ''matador''.
* Also played with in ''Montana Jones'' when the gang goes to Granada. The main trio hears a deep noise. Montana says that it reminds him of a bison stampede. Alfred says that there aren't bison in Spain, so it must be a bull run. Melissa says that the bull run happens in Pamplona, not Granada. Then a bull herd runs on them... [[ExploitedTrope because the bad guys made it panic and run in their direction]].
* Mostly averted in ''Kujira No Josephina (Josephina The Whale)''. Since the series is based in a children's book by a Spanish writer, it depicts the Madrid of the years after WorldWarII in a more realistic light - as possible as it can be through the eyes of a pre-teena and his ImaginaryFriend, of course. In fact, one of the most important scenes towards the end [[spoiler: (when Santi meets [[FirstLove his soon-to-be girlfriend Celia]], [[ComingOfAgeStory taking the definitive steps towards teenagehood]] and leaving Josefina behind)]] takes place in [[http://wikitravel.org/en/El_Escorial El Escorial.]]
* In ''Manga/OnePiece'', the island of Dressrosa seems to follow this trope pretty closely, albeit in an affectionate way. Luffy even gets to ride a rampaging bull.

* ''{{Asterix}} in Spain'' plays with the trope. There are "aurochs" (bulls), and Asterix acts like a matador when he fights with one, but most of the setting is traditional roman cities, no much different than the ones in other comics. There is a band of gypsies and Obelix dances flamenco, however. Partly [[JustifiedTrope justified]] because Asterix is set in 50 B.C. (so it's not like making 21st century cities look like 18th century ones).
** Doesn't excuse the fact there are gyps... ahem, "nomads" and flamenco [[AnachronismStew hundreds of years before]] any of them arrived in Spain (but then again, [[PresentDayPast this is Asterix]] we are talking about).
*** Strabo and Roman sources like Juvenal or Pliny actually talk about the ''puellae gaditanae'', women from Gades (today's Cádiz) or otherwise in the Baetica who were famous for their dances two centuries BC, even using metal castanets (''crusmata baetica''). I kid you not.
* See also [[http://blog.adlo.es/2007/11/el_daredevil_de_brubaker_es_bueno_bueno.html this]] ''ComicBook/{{Daredevil}}'' comic in which the hero participates in an illegal bullfight with ''lions'' (so... ''lionfight''?..)
** Daredevil also fought a villain called the Matador very early in his career. This culminated in a battle DD won by butting the Matador with his horns.
** And [[http://blog.adlo.es/2008/12/no_me_gusta_que_a_los_toros_te_pongas_la_minifalda.html this]] ''{{Superman}}'' one.
** And [[http://blog.adlo.es/2007/08/batichica_turistica.html another one]] from ''[[Franchise/{{Batman}} Batgirl]]''.
** And [[http://blog.adlo.es/2005/10/indiana_jones_en_barcelona.html another one]] from ''IndianaJones''.

[[folder:Films -- Live Action]]
* There is a sequence taking place in this kind of Spain near the beginning of ''Film/MissionImpossibleII'', where they managed to mix Pamplona's Running of the Bulls with Seville's Easter processions, Valencia's Falles, and about any other Spanish cliché.
** Also, Anthony Hopkins tells Tom Cruise that "the people are burning the saints to worship them"... which is completely false. The already mentioned Falles DO burn figures... but not of saints, and in Easter processions figures of saints are taken out... but NOT burned.
* Tom Cruise is doing it again in the upcoming ''Film/KnightAndDay'', with running of the bulls scenes shot in scenic Cádiz, in the other extreme of the country.
** It may have been shot in Cádiz, but the movie claimed it was Seville. [[ItsAlwaysMardiGrasInNewOrleans Which neither honors San Fermin, nor has a running of the bulls.]]
*** At least, part of it was actually shot in Seville, and several areas of the historic city centre had to be closed for the shooting. Needless to say, (we) Sevillians weren't very happy with the result...
* Parodied in the classic Spanish film ''¡Bienvenido, Mr. Marshall!'', in which the people of a small Castilian village decide to give themselves an Andalusian makeover in order to impress the Americans in charge of distributing Marshall Plan funds.
* The surreal 1959 movie ''Thunder in the Sun'' has 19th century French Basques killing Indians in California with [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basque_pelota Cesta Punta]] and dancing Flamenco each night. It gets worse.
* The 1956 adaptation of ''Around the World in 80 Days'' has a stop in a stereotypical Spanish town where Passepartout (played by Cantinflas) is forced to do precisely Toros ''y'' Flamenco.
* Featured as part of a CultureEqualsCostume spoof of the United Nations' Security Council in ''Film/AustinPowersInternationalManOfMystery''. The Spanish representative is seen conversing with a matador and a tonadillera, just like [[ThirtySecondsOverTokyo the Japanese is flanked by a sumo wrestler and a geisha]] and [[BritainIsOnlyLondon the British is seated next to a beefeater]].
* The 2001 ''Series/MasterpieceTheatre'' version of ''Theatre/TheMerchantOfVenice'', and, likely, the Trevor Nunn stage production it was based on, has the Prince of Aragon show off with a flamenco dance step with fitting music to boot. Given that Aragon is in Northern Spain and has zero flamenco tradition, this was about as accurate as portraying someone from Alaska as a ten gallon hat-wearing cowboy.
* (Mostly) averted in the Creator/PeterSellers comedy ''TheBobo'', where Barcelona is shown as a bustling modern city. Still, Sellers plays a (singing) matador, and there's an extended scene in a flamenco club (with a startlingly intense performance.)

* P. Merimee's ''Theatre/{{Carmen}}'', especially the opera by Georges Bizet, is one of the oldest examples of this trope.
* Creator/TomClancy and DanBrown have also portrayed Spain as a third-world country in ''Balance of Power'' and ''Digital Fortress'', respectively. Brown's case is even stranger because he supposedly spent some time living in Seville.
** ''Digital Fortress'' has someone falling down the stairs of the Giralda, the Seville cathedral's belfry. Said cathedral was originally a mosque, with the actual belfry being its minaret, and it was built to allow horses to climb to the top. So, there's not a single stair on there, as it's built on ramps.
** ''Op-Center: Balance of Power'' (which wasn't really written by Clancy but by a ghost writer like the rest of the series) should be considered one of the most blatant examples of CriticalResearchFailure, as the EthnicScrappy Spaniards are constantly characterized with the worst stereotypes [[SouthOfTheBorder about Mexico]][[note]]A gringo's idea of Mexico anyway[[/note]], and the whole "ethnic tension" that serves as motif of the book is said to rely on ''racial'' grounds with no linguistic or cultural differences whatsoever. The book goes as far as to claim that you can tell a Castilian apart of a Catalan because of his ''darker face''.
* In the play ''A Shot in the Dark'', the Spanish chauffeur Miguel Ostos is described as a bullfighting fan and a passionate and jealous lover. Unfortunately, he's not in the play's DramatisPersonae because it's a murder mystery and he's the victim.
* Turns up, complete with running of the bulls, in the Literature/{{Discworld}} novel ''Witches Abroad''. Unfortunately the whole thing is misunderstood by the witches, and after the sight of a small blonde woman walking right through the crowd of bulls as though being trampled to death is something that happens to other people and taking the wreath off the lead bull, the townsfolk decide just to have a flower festival instead.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* There is a hilariously wrong episode of ''Series/MacGyver'' set in the Basque Country (Spanish dub of the beginning [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IjbbfK87JWc here]]).
* There is an episode of ''FullHouse'' where the oldest daughter tries to sell her father a trip to Spain, mariachi hat included.
* ''Series/CarolineInTheCity'' has an episode (called ''Caroline and the Bullfighter'', so you know where this is going) where the main characters travel to Pamplona and, well, let's just say that every single thing that follows is wrong.
* The episode ''Barcelona, May 1917'' of ''The Series/YoungIndianaJones Chronicles''. Curious case as it was written, directed and starred mostly by British people, and in turn features a lot of ''British'' stereotypes about Spain instead of American ones: paella, Cordobese hats, a ''[[AnachronismStew duel]]'' at a bullring, a small jealous husband with moustache and an omnipresent bullfight tune every 5 minutes. Oh, and once the cheating is revealed to be a forgery, the small jealous husband decides to share a drink with the guy that he was going to kill a second before. ''¡Fiesta!''
* An episode of ''Series/RelicHunter'' has Sydney and Nigel in a rush to meet a professor in a Spanish university because according to them, siesta time will begin in 20 minutes and then everything will stop working.
* The Running of the Bulls is parodied in the ''Series/BrassEye'' episode "Animals" with the "Running of the Wasp", complete with footage of a crowd of people ostensibly running away from a wasp.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The ''TabletopGame/JamesBond007'' role-playing game module ''Goldfinger II - The Man With Midas Touch'' takes the heroes to Pamplona during the Running of the Bulls, where they are doused with pheremones that make them an irresistible target to the bulls and then dumped into the Running of the Bulls as part of a DeathTrap.

* Invoked in "My Little Castagnette", in ''TheDesertSong''.
* The ballet ''The Three-Cornered Hat'' has a prologue set in a bullring for no better reason than to provide one half of this trope. Manuel de Falla's music amply fulfills the other half.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Vega's stage in ''VideoGame/StreetFighterII'' (and Vega himself, for that matter). The catch? That stage is set in Barcelona, the least Toros Y Flamenco-esque city in Spain. Of course, you can easily find a ''tablao'' if you want to, but it's as representative of the city as ceili dancing.
* ''Mike Tyson's VideoGame/PunchOut'' has the unforgettable Don Flamenco. Besides his name, this fighter likes to comment about everyone's hair, thinks he's very beautiful, dances flamenco (some dance the game designers thought looks like flamenco, anyway) with a rose between his teeth and has a girlfriend named Carmen. And the entrance music is from Bizet's opera -- specifically, "The Toreador Song". The Wii game retains these characteristics and even gives him dialogues in actual Spanish.
* ''VideoGame/HarryPotter: Quidditch World Cup'': The Spanish team members are dressed as bullfighters, their stadium is a bullring and [[NoIndoorVoice they SCREAM!!!, don't talk]].
* The level "Black Velvetopia" in ''VideoGame/{{Psychonauts}}'' which, in typical TimSchafer absurdist style, combines Toros Y Flamenco with tacky black velvet paintings, neon &... ''high school gym class.'' Capped off with a BullfightBoss battle, of course. Somewhat justified in that the level is not an actual place, but rather a representation of the mind of a Latin-American former wrestler with a combination of OCD, chronic depression and deep-seated insecurity issues relating to an incident in high school.
* The Spanish team in ''[[VideoGame/BackyardSports Backyard Soccer]]'' is called Los Toritos.
* While the [[FantasyCounterpartCulture Kingdom of Sapin]] from ''VideoGame/AceCombatZeroTheBelkanWar'' is presented as a modern and advanced nation, some of the usual Spanish stereotypes [[ZigZaggingTrope still creep into its portrayal]]. The main female character from Sapin is a modern day AcePilot with the callsign "Macarena" (groan), who works as a teacher of flamenco (groan) after she quits in the armed forces. And yes, she wears a rose in her hair while teaching said dance (groan) and is presented as a romantic, melancholic woman (groan).
* The RegionalRiff of the Spanish civilization in ''VideoGame/AgeOfEmpiresII: The Conquerors'' is distinctively flamenco-ish, despite the fact that the game ends around 1600 at the latest, yet the first mention of flamenco dates [[AnachronismStew only from 1774]]. Also, and [[EdutainmentGame as informative as it is]], one can't help but think that the History section of the game dropped the ball when they devoted most of it to what is more exotic to non-Spanish players, Muslim Spain - which would fit more in the 'Saracen' civilization part - rather than the Christian kingdoms that the game's Spanish civilization is meant to represent. Castile and Aragon are only mentioned when the text deals with the conquest of Granada and no mention whatsoever is made of Asturias, Leon, Navarre or the Catalan counties (''or'' Portugal, see Real Life).
* ''RomeTotalWar'' has "bull warriors" as an Iberian elite troop. While the bull is a common motif in Ancient Iberian art, there is zero evidence that such unit or their fancy helmets with bull horns sustaining a solar disc ever existed.
* Kind of a NecessaryWeasel in ''ZeroAD''. The Iberian civilization's gameplay music is far too modern, dominated by guitars and trumpets. Of course no actual Ancient Iberian melodies have survived, and the few musical scenes represented in Iberian art show instruments common in the Ancient Mediterranean like lires and flutes. The Iberian units and buildings also used to have Spanish names in the first versions of the game before the programmers switched to Basque, which is at least a non-Latin derived language (the actual relationship between Basque and the poorly understood Ancient Iberian language(s) is debated; on the other hand, the game's Iberians are a stand-in for all peoples in the ancient Iberian Peninsula, including the Iberians but also Celts, [[BreadEggsBreadedEggs Celtiberians]], proto-Basque/Aquitanians, Lusitanians, Tartessians and Balearics).

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* WaltDisney's ''WesternAnimation/FerdinandTheBull'' short. ([[AdaptationDisplacement And the book it was based on.]])
* In the ''WesternAnimation/ChipNDaleRescueRangers'' episode "When Mice Were Men", the Rangers travel to Spain, to a place named "Tramplonia" to be precise, to visit an old friend of Monty named Don Quijole. He tells them about an evil bull who stole all the other bulls to ruin the Running of the Bulls festival. The Rescue Rangers construct a mecha-toreador to defeat the evil bull. By the way, that's where the picture in this article is from.
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/JackieChanAdventures'', the bad guys tail Jackie to Pamplona, and end up getting caught up in the Running of the Bulls. Everyone has to run for it except the [[DemonicPossession Shendu-possessed]] Valmont, who the animals avoid like water around a rock.
* An episode of the classic ''[[WesternAnimation/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles]]'' cartoon featured the Running of the Bulls... ''in Lisbon.''
** Which of course, looked like your stereotypical Spanish town, apart from the mentions of them being in Portugal.
* One episode of ''TotallySpies'' had the spies going to Spain. Not only was Madrid placed MUCH higher on the map, the city seemed to have come out of the 19th century... oh yeah, and there were bulls, of course.
* ''SylvesterAndTweetyMysteries'' had one episode where Granny and her pets go to Pamplona and Sylvester had to constantly run away from bulls. Bonus points for getting the festival's name right.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* On the issue of Portugal being considered part of Spain, it is interesting to note that prior to the union of Castile and Aragon in the late 15th century, "Spain" was a purely geographical term applied to the whole Iberian Peninsula, and Portugal (which had secured [[OlderThanTheyThink its independence in 1143]]) thus considered as Spanish as any other Iberian kingdom (John II of Portugal was in fact angered when Ferdinand and Isabella called themselves monarchs of Spain for this very same reason). It wasn't until the dynastic union under the Habsburgs and the later rebellion in 1640 that Portuguese Independence was restored and that being "Spanish" became a foreign notion to the Portuguese. [[BerserkButton Don't ask a Portuguese person if he or she is Spanish.]] It's ''very'' poor form.
* There are three things you can expect any Spanish euro store to have (even moreso if frequented by tourists): a stuffed bull, a ''sevillana'' dancer doll, and a [[{{Spexico}} Mexican hat]]. There is at least some justification to that, as those Mexican ''sombreros'' '''are''' descendants of the broad-brimmed hats worn in Andalusia, but they look nothing like their ancestors.[[note]]Most common of these, ''sombrero cordobés'', is actually the hat that {{Zorro}} traditionally wore — a medium sized hat with the flat circular brim and the low cylindrical crown. The Mexican hat, with its tall conical crown and enormous upturned brim probably descended from another variant, ''sombrero de catite''.[[/note]]