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[[caption-width-right:350:[[WebVideo/CinemaSins In case you mistook it for the TV Tropes Foundation in Noodle, New York *ding*]]]]

A direction in the script to lay words on the screen. This could be a dateline such as "Amsterdam, 2026", or "Three Days Ago". Primarily used to fix the setting firmly in the minds of the audience.

Comes in two major flavors: words on a solid background, usually black (a milder and less {{Anvilicious}} take on the OpeningScroll), or text shown at the bottom of the screen as the camera shows an EstablishingShot of the location. The latter can appear on the screen all at once or one letter at a time, as if typed with a typewriter (bonus points for a fixed-width font).

This is very common in shows taking place TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture or ExtyYearsFromNow (in either direction) and {{Thriller}}s of any kind, particularly, SpyFiction. May exhibit the LondonEnglandSyndrome.

Also known as Scene Shift Caption. The closest term the industry has for it seems to be [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_third#Terminology chyron]]. See also BossSubtitles and InSceneTitleText.



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''LightNovel/SwordArtOnline'' tends to use this kind of establishing shot constantly in the Anime, listing date, time, and location to establish the local setting as TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture. Literally ''always'' with an EstablishingShot to go along with it.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/YTheLastMan'' is a rare comic book example. It gets played with in one issue where Yorick is drugged and the TitleIn panel reads "Where The Fuck Am I?". It's also occasionally used for humor: Yorick complains that the last time he lost his monkey, it took him three hours to track him down, and then the TitleIn reads "Four Hours Later".
* ''ComicBook/ScottPilgrim'' has such titles that feel like they were written by teenagers. Little gems like "So Yeah", after Scott asks Ramona out; "24 Hours Later", after announcing that they were gonna play in, yeah, 24 hours; and "So Anyway", after [[spoiler: Scott defeats Gideon and rescues Ramona, and they talk about making it work again]].

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* Parodied on ''WebVideo/UltraFastPony'', where time cards are always "14 HOURS LATER", especially if that amount of time passing makes no sense. One episode is so egregious about it, using the card six times, that the characters started wondering how it was still the same day.
-->'''Spitfire:''' You all have ten minutes. Suit up and meet me on the training ground. Now!\\
'''14 HOURS LATER'''\\
'''Spitfire:''' I ''hate'' this job.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* In the 2001 remake of ''Film/OceansEleven'', Danny tells Tess he should be out of jail for his parole violation in three to six months. There's a blackout, and then we TitleIn with a card that reads "Three to six months later..."
* The 2009 ''Film/StarTrek'' movie has Iowa or Vulcan tucked away in a corner for a part of the movie, then "Three years later" in the center.
* In ''Film/HighSchoolMusical'', the callback auditions are rescheduled to the same day as Troy's big game and Gabriella's Scholastic Decathlon. As such, the following titles appear:
-->Game Day\\
Callback Day\\
Scholastic Decathlon Day\\
* The ''Film/SuperMarioBros'' movie starts with the title:
20 million Years Ago
* ''Film/{{Zombieland}}'' plays with this one constantly. Columbus's Zombie Invasion Rules are placed on the screen during the introduction to the movie, each with examples of why one should follow that particular rule. During the movie itself, examples of characters following the rules are pointed out with one, usually set to feel like it is part of the environment (for example, the blinking "CARDIO" sign).
* The date and time are shown each day of the mission in the film ''Film/TheGunsOfNavarone''.
* Used in ''Film/TeamAmericaWorldPolice'', where it shows the name of the country and its distance to the U.S. (specifically New York) in miles.
* ''Film/UnChienAndalou'' kinda parodies this with meaningless and contradictory days and times.
* In ''Film/MrAndMrsSmith2005'', after the couple has their first therapy session and disagree how long they've been married (5 or 6 years), the movie flashbacks to their first meeting and says, "5 or 6 years ago." At the end of the flashback there's another caption reading "5 or 6 years later."
* The Ringo Starr comedy ''Film/{{Caveman}}'' starts with these two captions:
-->One billion zillion B.C.\\
October 9th
* Played with in ''Film/JohnnyDangerously''. The caption "1910" appears at the bottom of the screen, and we see a car drive by behind it. Then another car drives into frame and ''crashes into the 1910'', breaking the digits into pieces.
* Parodied in the opening of ''Film/{{Orgazmo}}'', where the caption "Hollywood" helpfully appears under an EstablishingShot of the Hollywood sign.
* The captions in ''Film/TheHuntForRedOctober'' go all-out: bright green monospaced font, printed letter by letter with computerised teletype noises as they appear.
* ''Film/AdamsRib'' uses some fancier-than-usual intertitle cards. "That Evening" is the most common caption.
* The ''Film/LogansRun'' movie begins with a surprisingly large amount of backstory on the screen all at once:
-->"Sometime in the 23rd century... the survivors of war, overpopulation and pollution are living in a great domed city, sealed away from the forgotten world outside. Here, in an ecologically balanced world, mankind lives only for pleasure, freed by the servo-mechanisms which provide everything. There's just one catch: Life must end at thirty unless reborn in the fiery ritual of carrousel."
* ''Film/{{ROTOR}}'' is jam-packed with this trope. Whenever a scene changes, we see a caption telling us the weekday and time, for example FRIDAY 7:30 P.M. This information is by no means required to follow the rather simple and straightforward plot.
-->'''Bill:''' Are we going to be tested on the specific times everything is happening?
* "December 23" in the opening of ''Film/{{Legion}}''.
* ''Film/TheSilenceOfTheLambs''. When Clarice Starling went to the town of Belvedere, there was a subtitle with the town's name.
* ''Film/PacificRim'': The first use defines "Kaiju" and "Jaeger" respectively, but the rest are used for times and locations.
* ''Film/SpyHard'' uses this as a RunningGag, where the person writing the caption commits misspellings and more with the text.
* In ''Film/TheDayAfterTomorrow'', all major locations are introduced with on-screen text.
* Unusually for a ''Franchise/StarWars'' movie, ''Film/RogueOne'' uses these for the planets seen throughout the movie, to set it apart from the usual ''Star Wars'' space opera fare as a war/heist movie. [[spoiler:With the sole exception of [[Film/RevengeOfTheSith Mustafar]].]]
* Spoofed in ''Film/StarWreckInThePirkinning'', which makes a typo in the title and backs up a bit to remove it.

* Parodied in ''Film/LifeOfBrian'', which declares the main portion of its plot to be set in:
-->JUDEA A.D. 33\\
* Franchise/MarvelCinematicUniverse:
** Most films use establishing shots and title cards when introducing new locations, or to notate {{Time Skip}}s.
** Some films such as ''Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy'' also provide a brief description of the location.
** ''Film/CaptainAmericaCivilWar'' has been noted for having '''HUGE LOCATION TITLES''' in all caps across the entire screen for each new location. '''QUEENS. BERLIN. 1991.''' Notably, the film averts LondonEnglandSyndrome in a first for the franchise.
** ''Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxyVol2'', on the other hand, exaggerates the LondonEnglandSyndrome with "Missouri, Earth" in the opening scene.
** ''Film/{{Black Panther|2018}}'' shows all of its titles in a Wakandan script that is then swapped out for an English translation.
** Parodied in one instance in ''Film/AvengersInfinityWar'': an establishing shot of the cosmos is labeled as, well... [[CaptainObvious SPACE.]]

* In the first ''Literature/CaptainUnderpants'' book, George and Harold order the 3-D Hypno-Ring, which takes four to six weeks to arrive. The next chapter is titled "Four to Six Weeks Later".
* Any book written in diary format will inevitably provide the place and time at which the character supposedly wrote each entry.
* In Creator/ConnieWillis's ''Literature/{{Blackout}} / All Clear'', the chapters don't have names; merely location and date, like "Oxford--April 2060" or "Saltram-on-Sea--29 May 1940".
* Creator/EoinColfer likes to use these to establish scenes in his ''Literature/ArtemisFowl'' series. For example, the prologue of ''The Arctic Incident'' starts with the words: "Murmansk, Northern Russia; two years before".

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/TheMiddleman'' spoofs this practice constantly:
-->The illegal sublet Wendy shares with another young, photogenic artist.\\\
Middleman Headqua--WHOA! FREAKY!\\\
The Underworld. Time has no meaning.\\\
God, am I underpaid.
* ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'' parodied this with such captions as "One strawberry tart without so much rat in it later".
* ''Series/{{Fringe}}'' absolutely loves to play with these. The giant floating letters that mark locations are [[InSceneTitleText used pseudo-realistically]]. In one instance rain can be seen striking the letters and in another the letters are visible after the camera cuts to a location behind them, showing the letters in reverse.
* At least OnceAnEpisode in ''Series/{{JAG}}'', with the current time (given in military time format, e.g. "0451 Zulu") and location.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** Used in episode "Midnight" to show how much time had passed between scenes.
** Also used in the season 4 finale "The Stolen Earth" when we hop from across the galaxy to where the Doctor's other companions are.
** Also used quite a lot in the season 5 finale due to all the time jumps involved.
* Used in early seasons of ''Series/{{Heroes}}'' to identify the name and location of another person with abilities. To varying degrees of accuracy:
--->'''Matt Parkman. Somewhere in Africa.'''
* ''Series/HeroesReborn2015'' uses subtitles whenever the scene changes to a new location and/or character.
* In ''Series/LawAndOrder'', they always sound the Doink-Doink and show the location and time in text at the bottom of the screen whenever the scene changes.
* ''Series/TheYoungOnes'' parodies this in the pilot episode "Demolition": "[[MeanwhileInTheFuture Meanwhile, the next day]]".
* ''Series/RobinHood'' frequently captions its changes of scene, nicknamed the 'arrow of exposition' because the caption flies in from the side of the screen with the sound of an arrow being fired. It does this even when it's already clear where the scene is in the first place ('Nottingham Castle', 'Sherwood Forest', and perhaps most infamously 'The Meadow', among others), and is even on occasion inaccurate.
* The ''Series/StargateSG1'' episode "Absolute Power" has a strange example: a "one year later" caption for a scene that later turns out to be AllJustADream, with considerably less time than that having passed. Apparently [[UnreliableNarrator the captioner lives inside Daniel's head...]]
* In ''Series/TheXFiles'', this usually happens on a bottom corner of the screen when Mulder and Scully first go somewhere for a case. Sometimes the name of the town and the state appears as a second line underneath a specific building they are going to such as a hotel, government building, business, etc. Amusingly, in the episode "Bad Blood" during Scully's recounting of the tale, the location name first appears incorrectly [[FunWithSubtitles until Mulder corrects her]], and then the screen display changes to show the correct location.
* ''Series/TheMentalist'' frequently does this at the beginning of the episode to tell the viewers what part of California the CBI team has been called to.
* ''Series/{{Spooks}}'' uses this every time there's a change of location, even ones we see every episode like MI-5 headquarters.
* ''Series/BurnNotice'' did this at the start of the pilot to tell us that Michael was in Nigeria, as well as to introduce characters.
* ''Series/{{Alias}}'' always does this, except rather than a subtitle, the camera zooms through the words and into the scene.
* ''Series/GreenAcres'': In one episode, we get a cut to an EstablishingShot of a UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity skyline, as well as the following subtitles:
-->"Can you guess what city this is?"\\
* Blank*\\
"If you guessed New York, you're right!"
* ''Series/{{Warehouse 13}}'' does this, sometimes animating the text for emphasis.
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'' did this with major locations in the pilot, specifically Winterfell, Kings Landing and Pentos so as not to confuse viewers.
* The ColdOpen to each episode of ''Series/ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'' begins with the opening dialogue playing over black title cards with "[Time]", "On a [day]", "Philadelphia, PA".
* The pilot episode of ''Series/{{MASH}}'' has a UniquePilotTitleSequence which announces the setting as:
-->KOREA, 1950\\
a hundred years ago
* In ''Series/{{Helix}}'' which follows an outbreak of TheVirus, at a research facility, the directions usually denote the number of days since the CDC's arrival on-site: "Day 1, Day 2," etc. in black font on a white background, though text also introduces an EstablishingShot of the CDC HQ.
* In the Creator/CirqueDuSoleil series ''Solstrum'', at the beginning of each episode the words "Epsilon Observatory 4:00 GMT" appear on the screen to let the audience know where the initial scene is talking place.

* Each scene of ''Theatre/{{Gypsy}}'' opens with a vaudeville-style sign describing the setting.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Present in the ''Franchise/AceAttorney'' series. Played with at one point, when a character wakes up after being kidnapped (Location: ??? Date: ??? Time: ???).
* Also done in ''VideoGame/DeusEx''.
* Used extensively in the ''VideoGame/NoOneLivesForever'' series.
* Can be seen at the beginning of every level in ''VideoGame/MirrorsEdge''.
* This happens in ''VideoGame/SonicAdventure2''.
* ''VideoGame/BlazBlue'' does this occasionaly to establish the date events are occurring on. [[spoiler: And at one point gives a date 100 years in the game's past to indicate that TimeTravel has occurred.]]
* Done on the (short) {{Loading Screen}}s of the ''Franchise/MetalGear'' series to let you know what area you are entering. Once things start [[MindScrew getting strange]] in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid2'', they may occasionally show such unhelpful names as "New York 52nd Street", "Funabisha City" as you explore the guts of Arsenal Gear.
* ''VideoGame/Left4Dead'': "2 WEEKS AFTER FIRST INFECTION"
* Used at the beginning of every mission in the ''VideoGame/CallOfDuty'' series, except for one occasion: You begin the mission ("Of Their Own Accord", ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyModernWarfare2'') in a bunker, evidently being shelled, wounded everywhere around you. You go outside and around a corner to see [[spoiler: [[TheReveal Washington DC in flames]]]]. ''Then'' the TitleIn happens. And thus begins one of the most chilling chapters in the ''Call of Duty'' series to date.
* The same as ''Modern Warfare'' for ''VideoGame/{{Portal 2}}'', where every chapter is titled-in... except the last one:
-->'''[=GLaDOS=]:''' [[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Well, [[This Is The Part Where this is the part where ]]
]] [[spoiler:[[/folder]]

[[folder: he kills us ]]
]]. \\
'''Wheatley:''' Hello! [[ParrotExposition This is the part where ]][[spoiler:[[ParrotExposition I kill you]]]]! \\

[[folder: CHAPTER 9: [[Department Of Redundancy Department The Part Where ]]
]] [[spoiler:[[/folder]]

[[folder: [[Department Of Redundancy Department He Kills You ]]
]]]]''' \\
[[CosmeticAward Achievement Unlocked]]!: [[OverlyLongGag The Part Where]] [[spoiler:[[OverlyLongGag He Kills You]]]] \\
Description: [[CaptainObvious This is that part]].
* In ''VideoGame/TalesOfSymphonia'', this happens every time you enter a new area, with the added benefit of a short line describing the town. Such as the starting town, "The Village of Oracles--Iselia."
* ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed''
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedII'' mixes it with TitleIn: at the start of each memory sequence, the camera pans over the current city and its name and the current year are displayed. Also, whenever you synchronize with a view point, the camera does an OrbitalShot of the surrounding area, albeit without any subtitles.
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedIII'' lets you know when you've entered a new area. As the Frontier is a single HUGE area, it's been subdivided into a number of regions so players can roughly identify where important things are. It also allows for a hunting sidequest.
* 3D [[Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda Zelda games]], starting with ''[[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaOcarinaOfTime Ocarina of Time]]'', usually do this not just with towns but also new environments, such as Death Valley or Hyrule Field, accompanied by an EstablishingShot. The same service extends to dungeons, as early as ''[[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaLinksAwakening Link's Awakening]]''.
* ''VideoGame/MetroidPrimeTrilogy'' show the area names, and do a pan-out of the areas, when you first enter them.
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXII'' shows the name of areas when you first enter.
** The first installment to do this was [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyIX IX]]. Also seen in [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyXIII the]] [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyXIII2 XIII]] [[VideoGame/LightningReturnsFinalFantasyXIII series]].
* ''VideoGame/{{Xenoblade}}'' not only shows the names when you first enter a new area, it also shows where there area is on the Bionis or Mechonis.
* ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' gives the town name but there's no pan out.
* [[VideoGame/PaperMarioTheThousandYearDoor Paper Mario: the Thousand-Year Door]] does this too, also with no pan out.
* In the ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAuto'' series, each time you enter a new zone, its name is displayed in the lower right corner.
* When you first visit a new landmark in ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim Skyrim]]'', the game displays "Discovered _______" across the top half of the screen. The area name appears again (much smaller, of course) in the upper corner when you reenter a previously visited area.
** The Bethesda ''Franchise/{{Fallout}}'' games also do this, ''VideoGame/FalloutNewVegas'' more prominently.
* ''VideoGame/AnUntitledStory'' displays name of area the player enters in top-right corner of the screen.
* ''VideoGame/{{Solatorobo}}'' does this, but only the first time you enter a new location.
* ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'' does this every time you enter a new zone/subzone, along with different coloured text to tell you whether the area is neutral, friendly or hostile to your faction.
* The reboot of ''VideoGame/NinjaGaiden'' does this when loading a new room/area.
* ''VideoGame/{{Strider}}'':
** The original arcade game has the location of each stage shown at the beginning using stylized text. As an interesting twist, however, each stage intro uses different languages: stages 1 and 2 are in Russian, stage 3 is in Hebrew, stage 4 is in English and the final stage is in ''nordic runes''.
** The 2014 ''Strider'' is a more straightforward example: the name of each section of the city appears right below the in-game radar/map as soon as Hiryu arrives at the area.
* ''Strider'''s SpiritualSequel ''VideoGame/CannonDancer'' (Osman) goes the extra length, indicating the location, day and time of the day in the intro for each stage. For the record, the whole game happens over the course of a week.
* The ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'' series letterboxes the player's view and displays the Chapter name in the bottom right corner when entering a new sub-level.
* In ''VideoGame/HeavyRain'', each scene begins with the time of day (though not the date) and, starting later in the game, the amount of rainfall in inches.
* ''VideoGame/MedalOfHonorVanguard'': At the start of first mission of each operation, the date and time is displayed on the top left corner of the screen, in subsequent missions within each operation, the mission name and the time is displayed.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'', players' planets are typically introduced by showing them in the environment, then progressively panning out to show the entire planet with a subtitle. Subsequent appearances of these subtitles, sometimes seen hanging over the characters' heads, suggest these subtitles are ''actually there'', floating out in space.
* ''Webcomics/{{Nebula}}'': Most comics begin with the intentionally vague "Really far away. Really long ago"[[note]]Or reversed-- "Really long ago. Really far away."[[/note]] over a shot of the main character(s) of that comic. Occasionally, this is changed:
** #9 and #17 have no opening at all and go straight to action.
** #12 is "Someday soon, [[FantasySequence one would hope]]"
** #15 is [[WhamEpisode "Right here. Right now."]]
** The comic with B and Virginis has [[SomethingCompletelyDifferent "Even further away than normal"]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/LloydInSpace'': Similarly, Lloyd Nebulon orders a helmet by mail order, and we have a caption saying "4 to 5 weeks later".
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' has done the same thing at least twice with "Six to eight weeks later".
* Parodied in the ''WesternAnimation/AquaTeenHungerForce'' movie, which opens with a pan over the pyramids of Giza with a title crawl reading thusly;
Millions of years ago\\
3 PM\\
New York City
* ''WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants'' occasionally plays with titles.
** "Can You Spare A Dime?": "So much later that the old narrator quit and they had to hire a new one."
** "Wet Painters": It is revealed that Patrick is holding the title cards, and he tells [=SpongeBob=] to hurry up because he's all out.
** "Rock-A-Bye Bivalve": [=SpongeBob=] and Patrick take care of a baby scallop. Only [=SpongeBob=] is the one taking care of it while Patrick goes to "work". [=SpongeBob=] keeps telling Patrick to take care of him and Patrick's responses are followed by a title ("Tomorrow for sure", "Uhh"). Finally, they agree on 6:00 PM, with them repeating it constantly as Patrick leaves. Cut to the title "12:00 Midnight".
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Recess}}'' used this in certain episodes, such as "Two days later" or in the case of "Rainy Days", with the rain going on for several days, they used "Day One", "Day Two", etc.
* Used in every establishing shot in ''WesternAnimation/YoungJustice''.
** Also used very effectively to deliver a WhamLine. Season 2 starts right where the finale left off; we then transition to a scene of Superboy and M'gann taking down a villain in the sewers. There are subtle indications that something's not right, but its only when the TitleIn says [[spoiler: FIVE YEARS LATER]] you realize what, exactly.
* ''WesternAnimation/BuzzLightyearOfStarCommand'' has fun with this, particularly in its PilotMovie ''The Adventure Begins'' where it has certain scenes like the Little Green Men's homeworld being under attack titled as "Under Attack", followed by the text replaced with [[CaptainObvious "Obviously"]]; or with a later scene of Booster mopping up the floor of Star Command as "Star Command" and "Caution: Wet Floor" right as several Space Rangers run by.