->''''Soliloquy:'' A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to themself or reveals their thoughts without addressing a listener.''

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Thinking Loudly occurs in the odd circumstance that a character is talking to himself/herself out loud and they could easily be thinking the same thing, but just don't. Villains do this a LOT. It's usually a form of AsYouKnow: often the character would be better off hiding their thoughts from people who might hear them, but, of course, the audience needs to be informed...

The difference with DidIJustSayThatOutLoud is that that trope incorporates an Outer Monologue when other characters are in the room and happen to hear what the character was thinking ''because'' he/she blurted it out. This is where they are speaking out loud intentionally, and/or if they learn nothing from the experience.

SurrogateSoliloquy and InnerMonologue are tropes which are deliberate aversions. InnerMonologue conversation is an aversion in which others respond anyway. AudienceMonologue is similar, but is intentionally directed to the audience. BreakingTheFourthWall and addressing the audience is another aversion, but much older. If the character is looking in the direction of the audience but not saying anything that strictly proves they're aware of the audience rather than just Thinking Out Loud, that's AsideComment. PlaceboEurekaMoment is when there ''is'' someone else there, but the character isn't really talking ''to'' them. An extremely common case of TruthInTelevision; people often forget to close their mouths while thinking.

Interestingly, talking out loud has been studied; it's formally known as private speech or egocentric speech. Although it's often stereotyped as a bad habit, one of the earliest defenders of the practice was Lev Vygotsky, who studied private speech in children and reasoned that speaking out loud while performing tasks tended to help the child perform better.


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!!Examples:

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[[folder: Anime & Manga]]
* ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'''s Squad 4 third seat (Yasochika Iemura) does this, even in the DS video games (where they account for most of his lines). Everyone tells him they can hear him, but he continues.
* Gatomon in ''Anime/DigimonAdventure'' does this while pondering her past. Wizardmon overhears her and asks a question. Not realizing she was talking out loud, Gatomon gets angry believing Wizardmon was reading her mind.
* From ''Anime/DigimonSavers'' we have [[FusionDance Bio-Hybrid]] [[DumbMuscle Ivan]]. He constantly blurts out embarassing thoughts outloud, not realizing his mistake even when Namani and Yoshi inform him they can hear every word he's saying.
-->'''Ivan:''' " . . . [[CatchPhrase but I'd never say that out loud]]."
* In ''Manga/{{Rinne}}'', chapter 28, Egawa gives one, and it's lampshaded.
-->"What an easy-to-understand soliloquy."
* Chopper of ''OnePiece'' combines this with ImStandingRightHere when he both thinks out loud and badmouths his hosts because he'd thought them crude primitives at first glance.
* Pretty much the trademark of [[ThePrinceOfTennis Shinji Ibu]]. Hilariously invoked in one of his {{Image song}}s and the Talk time track of said CD, which is basically Shinji mumbling nonstop.
* Elgala from ''Manga/ExcelSaga'' is an odd example of this. These moments are presented in word balloons normally reserves for {{Inner Monologue}}s, suggesting that she really is just thinking to herself instead of out loud. [[InnerMonologueConversation And yet everyone can inexplicably hear what she's thinking anyway.]]
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[[folder: Comic Books]]
* ''{{Deadpool}}'', as [[MediumAwareness Medium Aware]] as he is, sometimes thinks out loud completely unintentionally. This "outer monologue" often still uses the narrative boxes. Example from ''CableAndDeadpool'' issue 30:
-->'''Mr Immortal:''' "We are not feebs!"
-->'''Deadpool:''' ''Hey, that's twice now. What's going on here?''
-->'''Big Bertha:''' "You're saying everything out loud!"
-->'''Deadpool:''' ''I am?''
-->'''Big Bertha:''' "'''''Yes!'''''"
-->'''Deadpool:''' ''Oh. Weird. Coulda sworn I was in'' '''''[[LampshadeHanging first person narrative]]''''' ''form.''
* ComicBook/MickeyMouseComicUniverse: A downright ridiculous example is [[http://coa.inducks.org/story.php?c=I+TL+2263-1 the Disney comic "The Mystery of the Old Mansion"]], where the villain is busy with his work, unaware of anything else being present, and suddenly, for no reason, he spontaneously decides to recite four pages' worth of backstory, complete with dramatic acting.
** Lampshaded in [[http://coa.inducks.org/story.php?c=D+2000-013 "Snow It Goes"]], where the villain, in the middle of his soliloquy, mentions that he's going to use the money gained from his scheme for psychiatric therapy to cure his urge to talk to himself.
* Extremely common in SuperHero comics in general, at least as recently as the BronzeAge. Characters' thoughts would be written in regular round voice bubbles half the time, rather than bumpy thought bubbles, indicating that they were speaking out loud. It would frankly be easier to list [[SuperHero superheroes]] of the era who did ''not'' do this.
** Of particular note though is the cover of ''Amazing Fantasy'' #15, where SpiderMan announces quite clearly that he is Peter Parker while holding a ne'er-do-well in one hand, thus telling him his SecretIdentity.
*** {{Retcon}}ned in the more recent ''Amazing Fantasy'' series in a two-page story called "I was the Guy in SpiderMan's Armpit," where he was just a WhiteCollarWorker who fell out of his office window and Spider-Man saved. He was too busy screaming in terror to hear what Spider-Man was saying.
* DoctorDoom does this a lot. In ''ComicBook/SecretWars'', [[TalkativeLoon Klaw]] calls him out on it, asking if Doom is taping himself. Doom then reveals that he is, because [[CrowningMomentOfFunny "Every utterance of Doom must be recorded for posterity!"]]
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[[folder:Fanfic]]
* Mao from Fanfic/CodeGeassMaoOfTheDeliverance is a particularly triumphant example as he, suffering from [[PowerIncontinence uncontrollable]] {{telepathy}}, talks to himself constantly in order to differentiate his thoughts from everyone else. PlayedForLaughs when other characters question his sanity or he accidentally reveals information he didn't intend to.
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[[folder:Film]]
* In the first ''AustinPowers'' movie, after Austin himself is thawed out, he monologues out loud his desire to sleep with this movie's BondGirl, then realizes that everyone in the room heard him. That is an example of DidIJustSayThatOutLoud, but when he says a side effect of the cryonic freezing process has left him with no inner monologue, that is Thinking Loudly.
* In ''Film/{{Waterworld}}'', the main characters meet a tramp sailor who's been alone on his ship so long, he talks out loud to himself without realizing he's doing it. He even mutters his own thoughts of betraying them in front of the new arrivals.
* Lampshaded in the ''Film/ChildrenOfTheCorn2009'' remake, in which the harried hero's verbal monologue is echoed by his inner monologue, culminating with him both saying and thinking to himself that he needs to stop talking to himself.
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[[folder:Literature]]
* Happens in a big way in Patrick Ness's ''ChaosWalking'' series. Noise is basically [[LampshadeHanging broadcasting your thoughts]].
* [[TheVorkosiganSaga Miles Vorkosigan]] does this ''a lot'', in keeping with his hyperactive and not-entirely-stable personality. He mentions on one occassion that he likes to think out loud because it slows down his thoughts to the point where he can get a good look at them, and also admits that very few people can stand to listen to him for long. On another occasion he actually uses this - ranting about how everyone always thinks ''Ivan'' is the smart one, and the bad guys have exposed their entire scheme for the sake of grabbing the ''expendable'' Barrayaran, and it's been like this since they were kids, y'know... - to provide a distraction for an ally, who takes so long to spring her ambush that even ''Miles'' starts to worry he's going to run out of things to say.
* ''Discworld/TheLightFantastic'': Galder Weatherwax mutters calculations under his breath before firing the magic arrow intended to get the Eighth Spell.
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[[folder: Live Action Television]]
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** The First Doctor's speech [[DespairSpeech after all his companions leave him for the first time and he realises he has no way of quitting his life of random, aimless travel]].
** The Fourth Doctor is a chronic and indulgent self-talker, pointed out by Sarah Jane in his second story (she theorises to a side character that he talks to himself because he's the only person who understands what he's on about). This is quite helpful in circumstances where he's cut off from the companion, especially in "The Deadly Assassin" which has no companion at all, and relishes scenes such as him casually mumbling half-formed jokes and yelling solipsistically at the political broadcast on television. As his tenure continued this became closer and closer to making him a FourthWallObserver - his commentary started to get [[MetaGuy more meta]], and he'd combine self-talking with the AsideGlance. In one of his BigFinishDoctorWho stories, there's an extended scene of him having a solitary mental breakdown while ranting at his hat stand before smashing it to pieces.
** Because of the AudioPlay/BigFinishDoctorWho audios, talking to himself is actually considered a character trait of the Eighth Doctor.
** In "Mummy on the Orient Express", the Twelfth Doctor is shown talking to himself in his room, acting out the other half of the conversation with an impression of the Fourth Doctor's voice.
* On ''Series/{{Selfie}}'', Henry is alone for the weekend, after several other characters have impugned his boring, work-based life-style. So he goes through his fridge and starts talking to his various yogurt in a kind of English, Medieval accent.
--> '''Henry''': You sir Boysenberry shall reign untill the first of the month. Whereas your days, Lord Key Lime of Custard, are numbered. You there! You sneaky Greek bastard. *normal voice* Expired? *English voice* You will hang for your crime! *Throws yogurt out.* I gotta get out of the house.
* The characters on ''Series/CriminalMinds'' often do this if someone else isn't present, usually starting with "I'm the UNSUB." Lampshaded in one episode when Prentiss was muttering about what she was doing (reenacting the victim's last moments) when another character came up behind her.
* In the ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' episode "Conspiracy," Data starts doing this, and then overexplains the concept to the computer [[FunnyMoments before it tells him to shut up]].
* ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'': In "By Inferno's Light," Garak is working in a tight, enclosed space inside the wall to rewire a computer system so the group can escape a Dominion internment camp. After turning off the only light source he has, which is beginning to die on him, he begins talking to himself which is really ThinkingOutLoud. The talking to himself is also justified in that he's in the process of spiralling down into a full blown claustrophobic attack and he's desperately trying to avert the attack he can feel approaching by pep-talking himself. This is convenient because it's also the only way the audience learns he has a history of claustrophobia and how it started which, for such a private character who loathes revealing weakness, would never have been something the audience would have otherwise learned.
* In the ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' episode [[Recap/SupernaturalS02E21AllHellBreaksLoosePartOne "All Hell Breaks Loose, Part One" (S02, Ep21)]], Dean continues to declare his love of pie after Sam leaves him alone in the car.
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[[folder:Radio]]
* {{Radio Drama}}s are prone to this, because, you know, how would you tell the difference between narration and someone talking to himself?
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[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* In ''[[{{TabletopGame/Forsooth}} Forsooth!]]'' everyone's primary character gets one soliloquy per session. These are very useful for winning applause from other players.
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[[folder:Theatre]]
* A theatre trope, along with InnerMonologue.
* Of course, Creator/WilliamShakespeare's plays contain many notable examples. The tradition continues until the late 19th century [[DeadHorseTrope with the advent of Realism]].
* Parodied sometimes by Creator/GilbertAndSullivan; for example in ''Theatre/TheMikado'':
--> '''Lord High Executioner of Titipu''': Can't you see I'm soliloquizing?
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[[folder: Video Games]]
* Some of [[VideoGame/AsurasWrath Yasha's]] dialogue from chapter 15 is talking to himself, there is someone else present who clearly isn't listening. He continues it a bit in the next chapter, except this time that person is listening.
--> '''Yasha''': Deus, so this is your decision... But this is--
--> '''Asura''': Stop talking to yourself!
* In point and click adventure games where there's no narrator the player characters do this to explain things to the player. often lampshaded and mocked in less serious ones.
* Dr. Robotnik of ''SonicTheHedgehog'' has a tendency to do this.
* Happens often in ''{{Persona 3}}'', and quite mysteriously while characters are alone...in their rooms. Perhaps a sign of SanitySlippage?
* Dr. Mordin Solus of VideoGame/MassEffect2. [[TerseTalker Verbal]] [[MotorMouth traits]] make [[TechnoBabble highly]] [[VerbalTic memorable]] [[CrazyAwesome character]]. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yMA6F4-YAfw#t=1m10s Audio-visual documentation available]]. He addresses this directly in ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'', stating (as mentioned below in RealLife) that he's an auditory learner, and that speaking to himself helps him organize his thought processes.
* This is something Lara Croft does in ''VideoGame/TombRaider2013'', which given her situation is perfectly realistic and understandable.
* The Team Galactic Grunt in ''VideoGame/PokemonDiamondAndPearl'' and ''VideoGame/PokemonPlatinum'' who set off the bomb in the Great Marsh does this while you follow him.
* PlayedForLaughs in ''RatchetAndClankGoingCommando''. In a log entry, the Thugs-4-Less leader states that the resident MegaCorp has ten million crates, each containing one hundred Protopets per crate. He then proceeds to mutter under his breath, and at one point he can clearly be heard saying "carry the two".[[DumbMuscle Unsurprisingly]], he ends up with "3.5 zillion Protopets".
* During ''VideoGame/DragonAgeII'' a stressed-out Hawke without any companions around can go on a [[http://youtu.be/eX0CzBwOtaY ramble]] about all kinds of things they're worried about, big and small. One of those worries is "daft freaks wandering the streets talking to them...selves..."
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[[folder:Webcomic]]
* Max from ''Webcomic/MaxOveracts'' has received talks from both his Mum and his Teacher about [[http://occasionalcomics.com/453/latest-comic-103 soliloquies]].
* In ''''Webcomic/{{Outsider}}'', there is a scene where Alex, a human, is talking to a [[GreenSkinnedSpaceBabe Loroi,]] who have never made contact with humans before. The Loroi in question, Beryl, is wondering what the words "Um," means in the human language, to [[http://well-of-souls.com/outsider/outsider039.html which Alex replies that he tends to "Think Out Loud."]] [[http://well-of-souls.com/outsider/outsider040.html Beryl bursts into laughter, thinking he told a joke, before realizing he was being serious.]] The Loroi are unused to verbal communication, preferring telepathy, so...
* Jon in ''Webcomic/GarfieldMinusGarfield'' does this all the time for the simple reason that the comic has been made by removing all other main characters. Of course, the other interpretation is that he's talking to imaginary characters.
* In ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'', Chika has a tendency to [[FourthWallMailSlot answer readers' questions]] without realizing it; usually by [[http://www.egscomics.com/?date=2010-02-04 thinking about the answer to the questions out loud]].
* Ruby of ''Webcomic/StickyDillyBuns'' makes the mistake of thinking aloud at the wrong moment [[http://www.stickydillybuns.com/strips-sdb/i_am_a_modern_woman here.]]
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[[folder: Western Animation]]
* Professor Farnsworth, in the ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' episode ''The Sting'', does this intentionally to get a point across:
--> "No no, I'm not saying that. But I'm ''certainly'' [[LampshadeHanging thinking it loudly]]."
* Dib from ''InvaderZim'' did this so often that his outer monologues eventually were punctuated exclusively by people confused about this, [[LampshadeHanging including he himself wondering why he does it]].
* A version of this occurs in ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb'' with Candace constantly talking to herself, pointing to that she also assumes everyone she knows has heard what she said. Played for laughs when she tells Phineas she's gonna call mom "...And this time I'm not using the banana!"
* ''JimmyTwoShoes'' from the episode ''Jimmy and Beezy on the Run'': "Maybe you're right. Maybe Miseryville has finally gotten to the Jimmy! Maybe, just maybe... I've gone bad!"
** Beezy responds by saying: [[LampshadeHanging "Enough with the thinking out loud!"]]
* ''Disney/TheGreatMouseDetective'': Basil did this often, most notably (and awesomely) when tied up in Ratigan's DeathTrap.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/{{Mixels}}'' episode ''Murp Romp'', Magnifo inadvertently does this. He turns away to give himself a pep talk about how his next show won't be like the last one (which culminated in himself disintegrating into ashes). While giving his pep talk, he has no idea that he's ''screaming'' about how awesome he is...and once he realizes this, he, very embarrassed, [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere makes a hasty retreat]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Real Life]]
* Some people really do catch themselves doing this sometimes, or so I tell myself.
** The tendency can be aggravated in periods of extreme stress or tiredness.
** It can also be 'aggravated' if one who does this a lot of the time is in an energetic mood.
* Repeatedly and unconsciously speaking your thoughts out loud is one of the less well-known symptoms on the Autistic Spectrum.
* Persons living with ADD or ADHD, some learning disabilities or traumatic brain injuries that impair attention or concentration, and recovering stimulant addicts are actually often encouraged to use this as a coping mechanism for deficits in attention and concentration. It works to some degree to combat lack of focus and forgetfulness.
* Some people who acquired an hearing impairment, that use to sub-vocalize their thoughts, tend to do so. Can become quite tiresome for the people around them, as they find themselves forced to filter out the incessant flow of thoughts to find the phrases that are actually addressed to them.
* Depending on how one processes information, hearing the information can help with reasoning through it or holding details in memory until dealt with.
* Common among artists, musicians, and writers while working, as a means of information processing or keeping track of what they are doing, especially if they are still developing familiarity with a computer program, for example, or they are working in a second language. To anyone unfamiliar, this may be taken as a sign of being TheMentallyDisturbed, but one way to tell the difference is that this kind of self-talk is generally related to a process (anything from the words of a written blog post to "move this track two down, volume up here, tempo change on the drums" or similar) or almost incoherent with broken words related to the process possibly in both languages because it's mumbled - it isn't usually conversational dialogue as if the person is talking to someone.
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