%% This list of examples has been alphabetized. Please add your example in the proper place. Thanks!

->''"Although the Clone Wars were over, some people didn't seem to get the message."''
-->-- '''501st stormtrooper''', ''VideoGame/StarWarsBattlefrontII''

The Remnant can be best described as a more militaristic version of TheLastOfHisKind, being members of a faction who are continuing to fight a war that their side has already lost. Basically a (usually villainous) version of LaResistance that formed from the remains of TheEmpire or some other faction. They may be using irregular military tactics, but they will probably still be dressed in their old uniforms (or the remnants thereof). Unlike a GeneralRipper, The Remnant no longer hold an official position in the armed forces, often because their government has ceased to exist or has been replaced. In a number of cases, this happens because ''nobody on either side has yet been informed that the war is over.'' The losing side then becomes The Remnant [[WrittenByTheWinners by default after the fact]].

This happens pretty often [[TruthInTelevision in real life]], especially for defeated factions where [[LeaveNoSurvivors surrender's not an option]] -- or ones that aren't prepared to admit defeat just yet. In particularly nasty cases, two strong-but-not-overpowering factions can alternate between being really weak central governments and really strong Remnants, [[UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses sometimes for a generation or more]]. (And restoring peace to a population accustomed to war and violence is going to be tricky, too.)

A Remnant using guerilla warfare can be much more dangerous than they were as an established government; guerillas are constantly on the move, and have the luxury of choosing which target they'll attack next. The standard advice is that you need ten soldiers for every guerilla to defeat an insurgency, which means a lot of money and sustained effort, [[https://www.ausa.org/publications/anatomy-failed-occupation-us-army-former-confederate-states-1865-1877 which means that an occupying army will sometimes just give up]].

For a short-term 'bigger brother' counterpart to this, see DragonTheirFeet; in fact, a Dragon who missed the last battle [[DragonAscendant is likely to end up leading these guys]]. They may also be a VestigialEmpire, and the government they're trying to overthrow is likely TheFederation (or TheGoodKing in fantasy, where this trope's rarer but not unknown).

This trope tends to involve a bit of MoralDissonance, out-of-universe MoralMyopia, or even ProtagonistCenteredMorality. Good guys who do this are {{Determinator}}s and LaResistance and extra heroic for fighting in the face of near-impossible odds. Bad guys are just, well, [[DesignatedVillain bad]], and [[SoreLoser exasperating for refusing to go away]]. See also YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters and VillainousLegacy. To characterize a faction more or less accurately, look at its history, the level of legitimacy it can claim, what it stands for, and -- above all -- the methods it uses.

[[NotSoDifferent One man's Resistance is another man's Remnant]]. GovernmentInExile is the civilian equivalent while The Remnant is military.



[[folder: Anime And Manga ]]
* ''Anime/AfterWarGundamX'' has the New Earth Federation start to make trouble about a third of the way through as they campaign to "unify" (read: conquer) the emerging new nations. They're surprisingly effective and achieve their goal quickly. Meanwhile, around the Moon, the Space Revolutionary Army is doing the same thing. Both sides are enemies and both lost because of the mass ColonyDrop that wiped out Earth and Spacenoids alike... and both of them still want to kill each other.
* In ''Manga/AttackOnTitan'', the Walled City is pretty much all that's left of human civilization (at least as far as it's known), the ruling government emerging from the world's united stand against the Titans.
** The big reveal in the basement is [[spoiler:that there's another nation free of Titans... but that just means they're a hundred years behind technologically, and mere months away from being hunted down like animals by Nazis in blimps for the war they lost previously (and being directly linked to the Titans).]]
* The last prime minister of Japan in ''Anime/CodeGeass'' is treated somewhat like this trope... [[spoiler:But he never got to go through with it because Suzaku killed him. It's heavily implied that Britannia would have eradicated Japan utterly if he had.]]
** The Japanese Liberation Front was the remnant of the old Japanese army until the Black Knights absorbed them.
* The character Grenadier in the Creator/LeijiMatsumoto series ''Cosmo Warrior Zero'' starts off as one of these, despite being a [[PrivateMilitaryContractors mercenary soldier]] hired by LaResistance; blame HonorBeforeReason, a group of refugee children to protect, and an open-ended contract.
* In ''Anime/DragonBallZResurrectionF'', and the corresponding arc of ''Anime/DragonballSuper'', Frieza's Empire has been reduced to a shell of it's former self after King Cold and Frieza were killed along with most of their high ranking minions. The remnant of his empire is losing planets at a rapid rate to the point that what little is left decides to [[SwordOfDamocles resurrect him as a last resort to restore the fear of them they need to keep the Empire afloat.]] Unfortunately for them, [[RevengeBeforeReason Frieza is more focused on revenge on the ones who defeated him than doing that.]] [[spoiler:This results in Frieza being killed again and the rest of his army being killed as well.]]
** In ''Anime/DragonBallZ'', Dr. Gero and his Androids are technically this - the Red Ribbon Army is long defunct as an organisation, but Gero, one of its founding members, tries to continue the cause, though with a heavy focus on killing Goku, partly because Gero wants revenge because Goku is responsible for the Army's defeat in the original ''Dragon Ball'', though it's also out of practicality, since Goku would likely interfere anyway. [[spoiler:In both Trunks' timeline and in the regular timeline, his plans [[GoneHorriblyRight are a bit too effective]] in so many ways, but he never lives to see it happen.]] It's not drawn attention to, but the Red Ribbon Army iconography is notable on all of Gero's androids except Cell. The Red Ribbon Army as an organization also are the main antagonists of VideoGame/DragonBallFighterZ, even if [[spoiler:it's basically just Android 21 at that point.]]
* The Kiheitai in ''Manga/{{Gintama}}'' is a revolutionary army that seeks to violently drive the Amanto aliens out of Japan, even if it means that Japan will be destroyed in the process. In fact, the complete and total destruction of Japanese society under Amanto influence seems to be the desired goal of this group's leader, Takasugi, who has shown both a willingness and a creepy enthusiasm to do the destroying himself. Then again, Takasugi is also a NietzscheWannabe and seems solely interested in [[spoiler: destruction and avenging his teacher's death]].
* The Millennium Group from ''Manga/{{Hellsing}}'' is a single battalion of Nazi soldiers who have voluntarily undergone [[OurVampiresAreDifferent artificial vampirification]] in their mission to give World War II another go. They're a variation on the usual type, since they're not fighting for Nazism, but because they ''[[BloodKnight really]]'' [[BloodKnight like war]]. Especially the Major, their mad leader.
* Diana in ''Anime/{{Jewelpet 2009}}'' turns out to be this after her big brother Dian's backstory is revealed (he was a MalcolmXerox-flavored rebel). She managed to escape Dian's fate and many years later saw an opportunity to unseal him using the power of the Jewelpets who got lost on Earth; this is what the heroes try to stop during the first half of the show.
* Hegemon Heidi Einhard Stratos Ingvalt of ''Manga/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaVivid'' is a subversion. Nove assumes her reasons for wanting to fight Vivio and Ixpellia is because to her the wars of Ancient Belka never ended, but Einhard denies this saying she only wants to prove the superiority of her Kaiser Arts. Once she actually meets Vivio, she quickly becomes TheRival and doesn't hold any grudges against her ([[LesYay quite the opposite actually]]).
* [[EvilAlbino Fate Averruncus]] of ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima''. Manga only though, [[OverTookTheManga the anime renders this impossible for plot altering reasons]]. Fate was second in command of a group called Cosmo Entelecheia, a group that was trying to bring about the end of the world A.K.A. "The Ritual To Return The World To Nothing". The group was lead by someone who was only known as "The Life Maker" and "The Mage of the Beginning". They fueled a war in order to accomplish this. It was the war and the defeat of The Mage Of The Beginning that made Nagi Springfield (Protagonist's father) a legend. After that he was known as "The Invincible Thousand Master" or just The Thousand Master for short. Fate hasn't given up.
** Or he might be the [[ArtificialHuman newest version]] of the second in command of Cosmo Entelecheia.
* The Principality of Zeon, from ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'', has scads of these; there are at least five separate groups that appear in the animation, and it's implied that there are more. The single largest one fled to the asteroid base Axis and became the first Neo Zeon movement in ''[[Anime/MobileSuitZetaGundam Zeta Gundam]]''; the others include the Delaz Fleet, Cima's marines, and the Kimbareid force (all in ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundam0083StardustMemory Gundam 0083]]''), as well as Rommel's force (in ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamZZ Gundam ZZ]]'').
** The furthest extension of this appears in ''Gundam F90'', centering on Zeon remnants who've been hiding on Mars for nearly fifty years before making their move.
** The second Neo-Zeon movement in ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamCharsCounterattack'' isn't really composed of remnants from the Principality of Zeon but is rather composed of ex-AEUG and other spacenoids who have took a radical bent. It gets its ''own'' remnant in ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamUnicorn'', in the form of the Sleeves, led by CharClone Full Frontal.
** There's also both the Sleeves and the Zeon Remnant in ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamUnicorn'', who manage to eke out livings in various isolated places on Earth, and who band together to continue the war against the Federation in an ambitious attack on Torrington Base while also living out in space on the asteroid Palau. They're not exclusively military either, as many of their Earth camps include numerous civilians.
* Many antagonists of ''Anime/PumpkinScissors'' are this type.
* In ''SOS! Tokyo Metro Explorers: The Next'', taking place roughly in our time, an old man living under Tokyo still believes WWII continues, and is obsessed about the mission given to him. Other underground dwellers consider him dangerously crazy, but he is quite likeable.
* Viral in ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' fits this role early on after the TimeSkip, although subverted in that while being classified as a terrorist and gets told several times that his fight is pointless, he still insists that he does it for a noble goal. [[spoiler:It is later revealed that he did, in fact, fight for a good cause, as he was aiming to keep the population underground to prevent the activation of the Anti-Spirals' annihilation program. He does grow out of this role when he [[HeelFaceTurn joins up with the heroes]], and eventually ends up as the supreme commander of the galactic federation fleet]].
** He doesn't really know about [[spoiler: the Anti-spirals though. What he's doing is fighting so that the people who want to stay underground can do that, at least in this particular instance. Lordgenome wanted them underground, they want to be underground, and Viral is pretty much all that's left to fight for that goal. It's hard to not feel bad for Viral finally getting arrested because Enkidu has seen SO MANY HOPELESS BATTLES that it finally just breaks down. Viral even apologizes to it.]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]
* In "The War That Never Ended!" in ''Adventure Comics'' #255, ComicBook/GreenArrow and Speedy are stranded on a Pacific island that is still inhabited by Japanese soldiers who do not know that WWII is over.
* The "Peekaboo Bandit" from ''ComicBook/{{Airboy}}: Deadeye''.
* Rare heroic example in ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}''. Gaul has surrendered to the Romans, but one UndefeatableLittleVillage still lives like it's the Iron Age and holds out against the invaders! ...or not, as they never engage in LaResistance-type action, preferring mostly to get on with their own, usually quite petty lives, and beat up any Romans trying to tell them what to do rather than attempting to liberate Gaul. The story clearly establishes that legally, the village is Roman, and the characters even exploit this when being part of the Roman Empire would be helpful to them. They also adopt Roman technology, such as the use of sestertii as currency, wax tablets, Roman numerals and writing, and so on, and everyone's bilingual Gaulish and Latin, though some are better at Latin than others. Caesar even says that the Roman government pays a peace settlement to their chief, as agreed upon in the terms of surrender, and the chief's wife is angry that the Romans haven't made him a senator. And yet, they proudly refuse all Roman identity, did ''something'' to the Roman taxman so he would never come back there again, and any Romans approaching the village get beaten to a paste. They have no interest in being seriously liberated and are well aware the war is over, but continue fighting it because [[BloodKnight it's fun]], they hate the Romans on principle, and they just don't care.
** ''Obelix All At Sea'' and ''The Secret Weapon'' suggest Asterix's goal is for the Romans to grant them peace with honours, but if they tried to negotiate surrender as it is all the warriors would end up in prison, so fighting until the Romans get the message is the only option. Obelix is horrified by any suggestion of compromise and considers it trampling on the memory of [[HistoricalDomainCharacter Vercingetorix]], with the implication that most of the other villagers agree with this. Of course, this is all PlayedForLaughs.
* ''ComicBook/AtomicRobo: The Flying She-Devils of the Pacific'' has CHOKAITEN; a rogue Japanese military unit that has been waiting six years since the end of the war to unleash a devastating super weapon that will sink the North American continent.
* In ''ComicBook/GIJoe2016'', splinters of Cobra that survived their collapse at the end of [[ComicBook/GIJoeIDW G.I. Joe vol. 4]] pose a constant threat.
* The Fort Charlotte Brigade from ''ComicBook/JonahHex'' (although they also have a personal axe to grind with Jonah).
* Colonel Quantrill in B.A.'s ''Cattlepunk'' campaign in ''ComicStrip/KnightsOfTheDinnerTable''.
* In early 1995, when Bruce Wayne finally returned to Gotham City to officially be Batman again after a two-year absence [[ComicBook/{{Knightfall}} (it's a long story)]], the first enemies he found himself and Robin having to combat were the Troika, a faction of three (technically four, but one of them defected to the West) ex-Soviet terrorists unwilling to admit that the Cold War was over.
* One of ''ComicBook/TheOrder'''s first battles is against a nuclear-armed team of Russian supervillains who are completely unaware that the Cold War has been over for two decades.
* The ''Film/{{Serenity}}'' comic book introduces the Dust Devils, extremist former Browncoats continuing to wage a terrorist war against the Alliance, and reveals that [[spoiler:[[WrittenByTheWinners technically]], Zoe was once one of their number -- she participated in a battle where neither the Alliance nor the Independents had been informed that the Alliance had won.]]
** From the point of view of the Alliance, Mal Reynolds could be seen as The Remnant, though he mostly resorts to brigandry like his 19th Century counterpart Jesse James.
* Parodied in one of the "Tales of Irony" in ''Snake & Bacon's Cartoon Cavalcade'', a Japanese soldier on a Pacific island is discovered to still be fighting World War 2--by a Confederate soldier that still thinks the Civil War's on!
* ''ComicBook/TheTransformersMoreThanMeetsTheEye'': With the disbanding of the Decepticons by their leader, their forces are thoroughly shattered. Several just shrugged and moved on with their lives, while others tried for a resurgence of their once mighty empire. Tarn and the Justice Division seek out what might be the largest remnant, a band of Mercurial Decepticons 500 strong, and ally with them to bring forth a new order of Decepticons with their first act of business to hunt down the very one who disbanded the original regime, Megatron.
* ''ComicBook/TheTransformersRobotsInDisguise'': Presents a more conventional example with Soundwave gathering up many of the A-lister cons, including the remaining members of the Earth Infiltration team, throwing their lot in with Galvatron, and heading to earth to ally with the humans and get in the Autobot's way. They claim to be the Decepticons, following their principles in the absence of their founder, even if their ranks only have a few dozen members.
* In the Creator/AlanMoore run of ''ComicBook/WildCATS'', this happened to ''both'' sides. The Khreubim/Daemonite war has been over for a long time, with the Daemonites falling to the Kherubim and effectively being subjugated. Unfortunately, neither side bothered to send an envoy to Earth, so the war continued to rage here for ''centuries''
* Pointed out in the first ''ComicBook/XWingSeries'' comic.
-->'''Tycho''': Wait, slow down. A week ago, Wedge vaporized the Emperor and half the Imperial High Command -- I know that Imperials tried to [[ContinuityNod stab us in the back]] after Literature/TheTruceAtBakura, but isn't the war basically over? Why won't the Imperials just surrender?\\
'''Luke''': Would you stop fighting if Wedge was killed? Or me? Or Senator Organa? The Battle of Endor will always be a turning point in this war, but there are millions of Imperials scattered across the galaxy, and we can only assume that they will fight to the end. And they probably have orders to do just that.
* Colonel Augustus Barton and his renegade Confederate bushwhackers in ''Radio/TheLoneRanger and Franchise/{{Zorro}}: The Death of Zorro'' from Dynamite.

[[folder: Fan Works ]]
* In ''Fanfic/RepairsRetrofitsAndUpgrades'', Kuvira's supporters continue to uphold the ideals of the Earth Empire and defend its territory despite her being captured and abandoning her ambitions. They're still extremely well trained, armed, organized and equipped, enough to [[spoiler: oppose the United Forces on even footing and attempt to "rescue" Kuvira]].
* Heroic variant (but not quite meeting the description of LaResistance); in ''FanFic/NarutoTheSecretSongsOfTheNinja'', [[spoiler:Konoha is destroyed and most of its population killed in the Sand/Sound attack, forcing the few hundred survivors to fall back to the Senju clan's hidden fortress, led by Jiraiya]].
* The ''Fanfic/AzulaTrilogy'''s StarterVillain, General Azun, is the leader of a portion of the Fire Nation's military that refuses to accept the end of the war and Zuko's ascension as Fire Lord, and intend to "rescue" Azula so that she can lead them in retaking control of the Nation.
* In the [[Manga/OutlawStar Outlaw Star]] fanfic ''[[FanFic/AFistfulOfDragonite A Fistful of Dragonite]]'' the Kei Pirates/Bandits are re-imagined as this, having fought on the losing side of an unnamed war, which is a loose {{Expy}} of the US Confederacy. Their leader, Colonel Hazanko, still holds their loyalty, and their influence is felt throughout the western frontier.
* ''Fanfic/CyclesUponCycles'': Even months after the defeat of [[spoiler: Saren and Sovereign]], the Council and the Alliance are shown to still be moping up units of their forces.
* ''The Bridge: A Shimmer in the Dark'', a crossover between ''Fanfic/TheBridge'' and ''Fanfic/TheShimmerverse'', features as its main antagonist Countess Mircalla, the last remaining one of Nightmare Moon's Generals, leading a reserve force that is all that's left of the latter's shattered army. Notably, she's lost faith in the cause, but keeps going [[MyMasterRightOrWrong out of debt to her former master]] (and because she knows that if she doesn't, the AlwaysChaoticEvil Nightmare forces will tear her apart for disloyalty).
* The main antagonists of ''FanFic/IWarrior'' are a group of renegade [[ScaryDogmaticAliens Yuuzhan Vong]] who refuse to accept the end of [[Literature/NewJediOrder their war]] with the Galactic Alliance. To this end, they've allied with the enigmatic Sith Lord known as [[BigBad the Master]], who has promised them revenge and power in exchange for aiding him [[FindTheCure find a cure]] for his [[BodyHorror illness]]. [[spoiler: In the end, however, he was just using them, and they surrender to the GA after the Master's defeat.]]
* The main antagonist of [[http://mega-poneo.deviantart.com/gallery/62840836/Tomica-Hero-Rescue-Pups Tomica Hero Rescue Pups]] is a group of surviving Neo Terror Axto from ''Series/TomicaHeroRescueForce''. Led by a Sith Lord named Darth Longinus, they now have lightsabers, blasters, AT-[=ATs=], TIE Fighters, buzz droids, and episodic super-droids.
* ''Fanfic/SummerCrowns'': After Lys conquers Tyrosh, the Archon and the surviving magisters manage to escape to several of the city's tributaries with a chunk of its military forces, before dividing over disagreements on the best way forward. The Archon, who wants to reclaim Tyrosh and his power, camps out in the trade port of Bluestones, while the magisters, who want to maintain what power they have left, shore themselves up in the lesser cities of Berosh and Vakar and give up on Tyrosh, focusing on conquering the mainland.
* In the ''Fanfic/HalloweenUnspectacular'' series, the main antagonists of the second MythArc are a group called PURITY, which has its origins in a group of Nazi military officials who fled to a secret base in Alaska after losing the war. Notably, the original leadership of the group wanted to continue fighting the US directly (even planning U-Boat attacks on the West Coast), but [[BigBad General Rausseman]] realized this was moronic, [[TheCoup took over]], and reorganized the group to abandon Nazism as an ideology. Instead, they now focus their hatred on [[FantasticRacism nonhumans and people with superpowers]].
* ''Fanfic/EarthsAlienHistory'': At the end of their failed invasion of the Milky Way, a group of fifty or so Reapers who survived flee to the Andromeda Galaxy in order to start over.

* In ''Film/TheBurmeseHarp'', a Japanese POW is tasked by his British captors with getting a Japanese unit holed up in a cave to surrender, since Japan has surrendered and the war is over. [[DownerEnding The POW fails, the Japanese in the cave refuse to give up, and they are annihilated]]. The POW eventually stays in Burma as a monk, helping locate and bury ''all'' Japanese dead, vowing to only return to Japan once he's finished.
* ''[[Film/TheDamned1947 The Damned]]'' is about a group of Nazis and Nazi collaborators who flee to South America in a U-boat in April 1945, hoping to set up TheRemnant as German defeat looms in Europe. When a German cargo ship encounters the sub and tells them that Germany has surrendered and the war is over, the Nazi Party fuctionary in charge of the submarine promptly torpedoes the cargo ship.
* Bane's army in ''Film/TheDarkKnightRises'' represents the remnants of the League of Shadows, a sinister organization decimated by Batman in the [[Film/BatmanBegins first movie of the series]].
* Col. Stuart and his team of mercenaries from ''Film/DieHard2'' who think their government backed the wrong side.
** Another example would be Simon Gruber's unit of East German Special Forces from ''Film/DieHardWithAVengeance'', who were trained to speak fluent English for infiltration operations and were disbanded after the Soviet Union fell.
* In ''Film/{{Gladiator}}'', the Germanic tribes who refused to bow before the might of the Roman empire's legions. Unusually for such a trope, though they are clearly the antagonists to Maximus' protagonist, [[Film/{{Gladiator}} Maximus]] shows [[WorthyOpponent respect for their capabilities]], [[SympathyForTheDevil sympathy for them]], and seems to hope that Rome wouldn't give up even against such hopeless odds. Also is TruthInTelevision.
* ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheKingdomOfTheCrystalSkull'' was originally supposed to feature a team of Nazi die-hards as its villains. After directing ''Film/SchindlersList'', Spielberg didn't think he could feature ThoseWackyNazis as villains again, prompting him to change the villains to Soviets.
* Quentin Turnbull and his Southern terrorists in ''Film/JonahHex''.
* ''TheLastFlightOfNoahsArk'' has two Japanese soldiers on a lost island.
* ''Film/TheLastSamurai'' has Nathan and Katsumoto's samurais fighting against the Meiji government.
* In ''Film/ManOfSteel'', Zod and his followers position themselves as the sole remnant of the Kryptonian civilization and seek to restore it.
* The First Order in ''Franchise/StarWars: Film/TheForceAwakens'' is a successor of the original Galactic Empire; note that the ''Legends'' continuity already had done something similar, as shown in the Literature folder below. Thanks to some drastic actions on their part, the First Order manages to step out of this shadow by [[Film/TheLastJedi the sequel]].
* Captain Jim West fights ex-Confederate terrorists at the start of ''Film/WildWildWest''.

* In ''Literature/NineteenEightyThreeDoomsday'', the Union of Sovereign Socialist Republics is formed from what remained of the Soviet Union that survived Doomsday.
* Referenced in ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}''. The Blade Ship's crew may qualify.
* In Creator/AndreNorton's ''Literature/TheBeastMaster'', the villains turn out to be a detachment of the same aliens who found out too late that [[ApocalypseHow nuking Terra into radioactive sterility]] wouldn't save them from Terra's ''colonies''. The war's been over for a year or so, but they're trying to make new trouble on a colony planet.
* In Creator/DavidEddings' ''Literature/TheBelgariad'', the country of Arendia has been torn by civil war for millennia, largely due to their [[PlanetOfHats race's absurd devotion]] to HonorBeforeReason. The Asturians continue to mount pointless insurrections against the crown, despite the fact that the Mimbrates won the war long ago and the Asturian Duchess is also the Queen.
** The main problem with the Mimbrates and Asturians, aside from the Mimbrates treating their landed gentry opposite numbers as no better than serfs, is that neither side will ''talk'' to the other. When, after some outside prodding, they do, and the point of the queen also being Asturian nobility is mentioned, tensions ease noticeably.
--> '''Queen''': "You mean that there have been centuries of strife over a ''technicality''?"
--> '''Noble''': "[[TooDumbToLive ... It]] ''[[IdiotBall is]]'' [[ConflictBall rather]] [[HonorBeforeReason Arendish]], isn't it?"
* In ''Literature/BrothersInArms'', the villain is one of these for the Komarran resistance, rather to Miles Vorkosigan's frustration:
-->'''Galen:''' The revolt must not die.\\
'''Miles:''' Even if everybody in it dies? 'It didn't work, so let's do it some more'? In my line of work, they call that military stupidity. I don't know what they call it in civilian life.
* In ''Literature/CthulhuArmageddon'', the government of New Arkham styles itself as the official United States Remnant. However, since its control only extends to New Arkham itself (a pre-[[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt Rising]] military base converted into a burgeoning city) and the surrounding territory (some small towns and villages), no one really takes the claim all that seriously.
* In the ''Literature/{{Foundation}}'' series by Creator/IsaacAsimov, a remnant of the former Galactic Empire remains for several centuries after the true empire collapses, maintaining the styles and iconography of its previous incarnation. Because the Empire was so huge, a government in control of twenty planets is only a tiny remnant of the real thing.
* In ''Literature/{{Gimlet}} Mops Up'' by W.E. Johns, Gimlet and his crew take on the Werewolves, Nazi terrorists continuing to fight after the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
* By the end of ''Literature/GunsOfTheDawn'', [[spoiler:the army in which the protagonist is fighting]] has become this without realising it. Fighting in an inaccessible area, they don't realise that their forces elsewhere have collapsed and that they are now encircled. They're persuaded to surrender, but still gain a lot of praise from the citizenry for being the last survivors -- which becomes important when [[spoiler:the fugitive king tries to use the protagonist, now as much of a war hero as you can get in a defeated country, as the centre of an uprising. The king's own band, however, is not so much a remnant of his old forces as a new gang of bandits he has recruited through bribes]].
* Saruman from ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' qualifies in a round-about sense, in that he is a former 'EvilOverlord' , but reduced to a pathetically small scale after his armies are routed and he is cast out from Isengard. He spends the remainder of the book running the Shire into the ground, turning into a sort of bandit leader with a mob of 'ruffians'. He is stabbed in the back (completely literally) by his servant at the end.
** It's also said that after Sauron's defeat, his human allies such as the Haradrim and the Easterlings continue fighting against Gondor, although its less out of loyalty to their old boss and more out of fear and hatred of Gondor.
** Sauron himself qualifies, being the erstwhile right hand of Morgoth.
* In ''Red Justice'', a book set in the ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague'' franchise, the Justice League ends up facing Red Justice, a group of superpowered Soviets who had been in hibernation and believe The UsefulNotes/ColdWar is still going on when they awakened.
* In ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' by Creator/GeorgeRRMartin, House Targaryen is this at the beginning of the series, after the Targaryen dynasty was dethroned fifteen years earlier in a civil war.
** The Brotherhood without Banners, the pro-Robert splinter cell encountered in ''A Storm of Swords''. An interesting case as they start off as LaResistance, but become The Remnant after [[spoiler:their principled leader dies and they get a [[KnightTemplar vengeance crazed]] replacement.]]
** The Sons of the Harpy wage a shadow war against Dany's rule because she outlawed slavery in Meereen and they want it back.
** The Free City of Volantis sees itself as the Remnant of the Valyrian Freehold and once tried to restore it under its leadership but failed.
** The Golden Company are mercenaries composed largely of descendants of losers of the Blackfyre Rebellion.
* Once you get past all the SweetPollyOliver spoofing, the main protagonists of the ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' novel ''Discworld/MonstrousRegiment'' discover that they almost qualify as this trope.
** They then use this discovery in a very effective ruse involving a press release.
* In the Literature/StarTrekDeepSpaceNineRelaunch, a small fleet of Jem'Hadar warships, led by Kitana'klan, continue to wage war on the Dominion's rivals for several months after the peace treaty is signed. Ashamed of their species' failure to take the Alpha Quadrant, they're determined to renew the fighting even against the will of the Founders. Three months after the conflict's conclusion, they attack Deep Space Nine, destroying the starship ''Aldebaran'' with all hands and damaging the starship ''Defiant''. They are in turn attacked by the loyal Jem'Hadar Taran'atar, who was en route to Deep Space Nine as an envoy on the orders of Odo. He defends the station with his own warship, and eventually foils a secondary plot by Kitana'klan to destroy the reactor core.
* In the Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse novels set in the ''[[Franchise/StarWarsLegends Legends]]'' continuity, the Empire (referred to as the "[[VestigialEmpire Imperial Remnant]]") continues to be the major antagonist despite the Emperor himself dying in the Battle of Endor. (When people wonder why in various ExpandedUniverse stories, it's pointed out that if the entire ruling council of the New Republic was killed in an attack...they'd be replaced by people who probably wouldn't be as good at the job; hardly a crushing blow.) [[Literature/HandOfThrawn Fifteen years later]], they are reduced to less than a hundredth of their former strength, and there are ''still'' politicians and commanders who refuse to give up--even though the Supreme Commander notes that the average Imperial citizen probably realized it years ago, and decides on his own to arrange for {{Peace Conference}}s with the New Republic so that the Empire could survive to rise again, one day.
** That day came [[Literature/StarWarsLegacy many years later]], long after the Vong Invasion. At some point the Empire reformed and the Republic became The Remnant, and as the entire galaxy had become rather [[DarkerAndEdgier darker]] by that point, that Empire [[BlackAndGreyMorality doesn't come off as too evil]].
*** Of course, by this time the Empire has [[LighterAndSofter softened considerably]] from the days of Vader and Sidious -- the Emperor is very strongly hinted to be a descendant of Han Solo and Leia (through their daughter, Jaina -- admittedly, [[Literature/LegacyOfTheForce being called Solo isn't an anti-dark side guarantee]]); the anti-alien doctrine is gone to the point where you have Devaronian stormtroopers and Kel Dor admirals; and the new version of the Royal Guards are basically Jedi whose first rule is that if the Emperor goes to the dark side, they kill his ass (the official word from the Jedi Order proper is that the Emperor and his guards are neither dark nor light side). Then, of course, the Sith perform a coup and this Empire becomes a ''second'' Remnant, locked in an EnemyCivilWar with a Sith-run Empire where it's pretty much back to the old business of [[EvilLaugh maniacal cackling]] and sneering at opponents. The FantasticRacism is still (mostly) gone though.
** Another example would be the scattered remnants of the Confederacy of Independent Systems. Officially known as Separatist Holdouts, the ones which weren't destroyed by the Galactic Empire were absorbed into the Rebel Alliance.
** In a much smaller example, there were two separate soldiers who crashed on two different essentially uninhabited jungle planets and didn't hear that their war was over for some twenty years. The first, apparently based on the RealLife Japanese soldiers, was a TIE pilot on Yavin IV who was [[Literature/YoungJediKnights found by the Solo twins]], antagonized them, eventually helped them, and went back to living alone in the jungle, then aided them again against the Vong. The second, chronologically the first, was [[http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Able Able 1707]], a clone trooper whose troop transport crashed. The other troopers died -- most clone troopers age at twice the normal rate -- leaving him to wait until Imperial and Rebel forces skirmished near him, when he had to try and figure out which side was his. He eventually ended up as a rather Badass and slightly antiheroic commando for the Rebellion, only to be [[TheVirus transformed into a rakghoul monster]]. Sigh.
*** Oddly enough, while individuals like Qorl (that'd be the aforesaid TIE pilot) happen quite often, the ''Imperial'' Remnant is never ''The'' Remnant -- they remain a full-function government, albeit with less territory every year.
*** It is also worth noting that, depending on the time period, it is not always a united VestigialEmpire as much as a series of rival factions. During his life, the Emperor deliberately tore down the bureaucracy of the Old Republic, replacing it with something akin to a feudal system, with regional governors having direct control over their territories, all of whom were loyal to him, with the military might of the Empire to enforce it. When the Emperor was killed, those factions had no supreme leader holding their allegiance anymore, and many different regional governors had different ideas about succession and policy. After Thrawn's and the reborn Emperor's deaths, the Empire disintegrated as a unified force and spent the next decade or so in an off-and-on state of civil war, with former governors and high military officers setting themselves up as despots. This lasted until Admiral Daala resurfaced and brought together most of these leaders to hash out an Imperial alliance that could strike back at [[InsistentTerminology the Rebellion]]. This failed, and she simply had them all killed and took over the whole shebang pretty much by default. When her [[GeneralFailure latest master plan failed]], she turned over leadership to [[OnlySaneMan Admiral Pallaeon]], who ruled the still-unified Empire in a kind of military junta with a group of civilian Moffs as an advisory council, a situation that carried all the way through the [[Literature/NewJediOrder Vong wars]] and most of the [[Literature/LegacyOfTheForce new Galactic Civil War]].
*** Daala herself, when introduced, could be seen as another analog to Japanese soldiers found years after WWII who didn't know the war was over. The Maw Installation that Daala was in charge of was almost completely cut off from the rest of the galaxy by a series of black holes, so as such, they didn't even know about Palpatine's death, let alone the formation of the New Republic and disintegration of the Empire. It was only when the heroes of the Rebellion stumbled upon her that she found out, leading to her emergence and the events listed above.
* ''Literature/TheSympathizer'': South Vietnamese anti-Communist expatriates living in California after the fall of Saigon decide to raise an army to reconquer their homeland. It's made clear that they are driven by unhappiness over their newly reduced status as refugees in the United States. Their tiny little band is wiped out as soon as it crosses the Mekong River from Laos into Vietnam.
* In ''[[Literature/{{Tarzan}} Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle]]'', Tarzan encounters two feuding groups of Knights Templar, neither of whom know that the Crusades are over.
* Captain Nemo, the villain/AntiHero of ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' and ''Literature/TheMysteriousIsland'' is an exiled Indian prince continuing to fight the Sepoy Mutiny.
** ''ComicBook/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen'' has him continue this, despite ostensibly working with British intelligence; his descendents continue this, to the point that his grandson Jack is his universe's equivalent of Osama bin Laden.
* In ''Literature/{{Victoria}}'', elements of the old regime's military forces hold out slightly longer than the Federal Government itself, but soon cease to offer any meaningful resistance to the victorious rebels. Many of their personnel are then implied to join the New Confederacy and other successor states, once the collapse is complete, where they continue to cause trouble for the heroes.
* In the novel ''Warday'' by Whitley Strieber and James Kunetka, published in 1984 and depicting a future which seemed plausible at the time, the United States and Soviet Union destroy each other in a nuclear war. Britain, which emerged unscathed, proceeds to re-establish itself as a major world power and in effect re-create UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire. Five years afterwards, a Captain of the British Royal Navy, patrolling the Pacific , tells the protagonists: "There are still submarines at sea, carrying nuclear missiles and loyal to non-existent governments. They are extremely dangerous and if they don't surrender we have to destroy them".
* In ''Literature/TheYearsOfRiceAndSalt'', although Western civilization is all but destroyed, a few fragments remain such as Georgia and New Norway.
* ''Literature/YoungSherlockHolmes'': In ''Red Leech'', Duke Balthasar is the self-appointed head of the 'Government in Exile of the Confederacy', and plans to rise an army to conquer Canada and transform it into a new Confederated States of America.

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]
* One episode of ''The Adventures of Sir Lancelot'' had a remnant of the Roman colonial government of Britain hiding behind a section of Hadrian's Wall, pretending to be ghosts.
* Dylan Hunt is this for a while in ''{{Series/Andromeda}}'', trying to restart the Commonwealth despite being the last soldier of the High Guard in existence.
* The crew of the Minbari warship ''Trigati'' in ''Series/BabylonFive''.
* The crew of the Battlestar Pegasus in ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}'' continued their war against the Cylons long after (as far as they knew) the government was completely wiped out and their warship was the only human fighting force left in the galaxy.
** The Galactica herself is also an example, though for the most part, they tended only to fight the Cylons when escaping wasn't immediately possible. They do spend most of the MiniSeries trying to figure out who is in charge and getting the ship re-armed so they can get back into the fight, it isn't until the end that Roslin convinces Adama that running away is the better option.
* The Anointed One's army in Season 2 of ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer''. Spike dissolves the ancient order when he takes over.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** In "Remembrance of the Daleks", the Seventh Doctor destroys the Daleks' home planet and then persuades the lone surviving Imperial Dalek to kill itself as it has "no superiors, no inferiors, no reinforcements, no hope, no rescue!"
** When he attempts a similar tactic on another lone Dalek in "Dalek" however, he only succeeds in making it angrier.
-->Then I shall follow the Primary Order! The Dalek instinct to ''destroy'', to '''''conquer'''''!
** Most Dalek factions in the revival (or at least the RTD era) were this, as the scattered survivors of the apocalyptic [[GreatOffscreenWar Last Great Time War]]. The revival's first season ended with the Doctor facing a two-hundred-ship Dalek fleet... after establishing the Time War had ended with ten ''million'' ships being wiped out.
* In ''Series/{{Firefly}}'', Malcolm Reynolds, on the losing side of the Independents' revolt against the Alliance, still believes that he was on the ''right'' side, and ekes out an existence on the outskirts of civilization with a few like minded comrades.
** Played with throughout the series. While everyone ''thinks'' that Mal is The Remnant -- ready to take the fight to the Alliance again on behalf of the Independents -- he really just wants to forget the Alliance exists and live his own gorram life. The mistaken belief that Mal is still fighting the war is invoked in "Bushwhacked" and several times during [[Film/{{Serenity}} the movie]].
--> '''Trade Agent''': You all are Browncoats, eh? Fought for independence? Petty thieving ain't exactly soldiers' work.\\
'''Mal''': War's long done. We're all just folk now.
** Note that for a while, he ''was'' The Remnant -- it's mentioned in various sources that he fought on at Serenity Valley with his troops for several weeks after the leaders of the Independents stopped fighting and began negotiating terms of surrender.
* Jess Evans and his Confederate renegades in the ''Series/FrontierCircus'' episode "The Hunter and the Hunted". Refused a pardon after the Civil War, they moved west and have been living as outlaws. Several are StillWearingTheOldColors.
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'':
** The Wildlings have become this by late Season 5, when anywhere between 50,000 to 100,000 of them are massacred at Hardhome by the White Walkers. Only a small fraction of that number manages to escape with the Night's Watch fleet and then, even more of them are killed while fighting in the Battle for Winterfell. However, they're now at least somewhat safe south of the Wall, mostly because of their service and sacrifice to Jon Snow, who as [[spoiler: King in the North]], has placed the [[DyingRace surviving Wildlings]] under his banner and protection.
** The Stark children become this early in the series when their most prominent members are either dead or missing, their army is scattered, their household is ruined and family members are exiled by the crown, and their family name is also almost extinct in the male line. As Bran tells Rickon, if anything were to happen to him and Robb, he is the heir to Winterfell. With Bran going beyond the Wall, Sansa and Arya trapped in the South, and Jon being an [[HeroicBastard illegitimate]] son in the Stark family, Rickon is the only one with the Stark name left in the North -- one who Bran expects will be fostered with the Umbers, loyal bannermen.
** Daenerys is the last known Targaryen. House Targaryen themselves are The Remnant of the Valyrian dragonlords.
--> '''Maester Aemon:''' A Targaryen alone in the world is a terrible thing.
* In one episode of ''Series/GilligansIsland'', a demented Japanese soldier who doesn't realize WWII is long-over arrives on the island and begins ambushing the castaways one by one.
* ''Series/KamenRiderDecade'': Super Shocker in the GrandFinale movie ''Final Chapter''. It's the remains of [[LegionOfDoom Dai-Shocker's]] massive MonsterOfTheWeek army after the really big fight at the end of ''All Riders vs. Dai-Shocker'', rebranded under Narutaki (whose hatred of Decade has evolved from {{troll}}ing to outright villainy) and a revived [[Series/KamenRider Doctor Shinigami]].
* The American [=POWs=] in the ''Series/{{Lexx}}'' episode "Apocalexx Now" -- the Fighting 78th, a Marine Platoon that was captured during the Vietnam War and released during the episode, circa 2001 AD, under the impression that the war was still raging.
* In the ''Series/MacGyver1985'' episode "Humanity", [=MacGyver=] tangles with the K-Force, a group of PraetorianGuard still loyal to Romania's dead tyrant Ceauşescu.
* Col. Emmett Anderson (played by Kurtwood Smith) in the pilot episode of ''Series/TheMagnificentSeven'' [[RecycledTheSeries TV series]], "Ghosts of the Confederacy," who leads a group of ex-Confederate soldiers who roam the west preying on isolated towns.
* ''Series/TheNewAvengers'': In "K is for Kill", a cadre of Soviet soldiers are accidentally awoken from their cryogenic sleep and embark on following their original Cold War orders; attacking several former military targets that have been abandoned for decades.
* ''Series/NorthernExposure'' featured one of these guys in one episode, from when Japan controlled the Aleutian Islands.
* ''Franchise/PowerRangers'' / ''Franchise/SuperSentai'':
** Most crossovers involve remnants of the previous villain group teaming up with the current one.
** The last surviving generals of the [[Series/PowerRangersZeo Machine Empire]] attacked Earth in the ''Series/PowerRangersWildForce'' episode "Forever Red", four years after the Empire, and other forces of evil, were destroyed at the end of ''Series/PowerRangersInSpace''.
* Pompeii's army in ''Series/{{Rome}}'' is reduced to this after he loses a great battle and he is dumped as it's leader. Cato and Scipio take over but they are defeated in Africa.
* The first episode of ''Series/RutlandWeekendTelevision'' has a sketch about a group of British soldiers who remain unaware WWII is over... and who are stationed on the Isle of Wight, a couple of miles off the English coast. It also has a Major who ''has'' been told the war is over, but is incapable of understanding the concept.
* ''Series/SirArthurConanDoylesTheLostWorld'': In "Tribute", Malone, Marguerite, and Summerlee are taken prisoner by a World War I pilot, Hans Dressler, who still thinks WWI is still going on.
* In the ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' "Let That Be Your Last Battlefield", the crew encounter an alien fugitive with the right side of his body colored white and the left colored black. Eventually his pursuer, who has the same colors but reversed arrives to capture him for causing "race riots". Eventually, the pursuer hijacks the ''Enterprise'' to try to return the fugitive to their home planet to face trial only to find that the planet had destroyed itself in the race war. Despite being offered a place to live by Kirk, both of them blame each other's race for what happened and start fighting, eventually taking their fight to the destroyed planet below.
-->'''Sulu''': But the cause they fought about no longer exists. Does it matter now which one was right?\\
'''Spock''': All that matters to them is their hate.\\
'''Uhura''': Do you suppose that's all they ever had, sir?\\
'''Kirk''': No, but that's all they have left. ''[dejected]'' Warp factor 4, Mr. Sulu. Starbase...4.
* In ''Series/StarTrekVoyager,'' a member of the Maquis used a plan too complicated to describe here ([[{{Brainwashed}} Brainwashing]] was involved) to cause the Maquis members of the Voyager crew to mutiny.
** This is actually a subversion; the guy in question was in reality never a part of the Maquis [[EvenEvilHasStandards because his more questionable methods of freedom fighting disgusted them]], and was trying to revive the Maquis through his brainwashing partially to get back at them for rejecting his help.
** The guy who did this (who only appeared in one episode) later did the voice of Harbinger from ''VideoGame/MassEffect2''. Assuming Direct Control, indeed.
* In ''Series/{{Torchwood}}'', the Torchwood Institute was once a massive organisation with access of powerful aliens weapons and talking about rebuilding the British Empire. After 2007 it's half a dozen people in a ElaborateUndergroundBase under Roald Dahl Plass. It became defunct in 2010, when [[spoiler:Jack left Earth]], and by 2011, it was four people on the run, basically running under Torchwood as a codeword. [[spoiler:With the death of one of its remaining four members, its status as of the end of ''Series/TorchwoodMiracleDay'' is unclear]].
* An episode of ''Series/VoyageToTheBottomOfTheSea'' dealt with a Japanese holdout (see RealLife examples below).

[[folder:Professional Wrestling]]
* Before Wrestling/{{Rikidozan}} founded the JWA, it was hard to find any pro wrestling in Japan outside of a few, small, dedicated clubs. Since JWA was a men company, The All Japan Women's Pro-Wrestling Club was the cornerstone of an association set up to oversee multiple women's pro wrestling companies after the WWWA stopped by on their world tour and proved women wrestlers could draw. The association's board couldn't make anyone do what it wanted however, and every company associated with it died, [[Wrestling/AllJapanWomensProWrestling save one]] mostly kept alive by continuing to host WWWA and the wrestlers of couple other foreign companies. The remnant "Zenjo", as it would be [[FanNickName nicknamed]], grew to become Japan's first mainstream women's pro wrestling company as The Beauty Pair got over, then became the one of the most successful pro wrestling companies ever with The Crush Gals. Still, when the WWWA shutdown Zenjo [[FullyAbsorbedFinale made the WWWA titles its top ranking championship belts]] as a nod to Zenjo's origins.
* The Wrestling/NationalWrestlingAlliance lost the ability to compete with any of the national promotions that arose from the territorial system in 1994. It was, in fact almost completely forgotten in its own home country by 1996. The company had been around since 1948 and by 94 there wasn't a member that had been extant in 1989. But even as a shadow of its formers self, the NWA never stopped operating and finally succeeded in establishing itself in Europe, as well as finding viewers in Africa and Asia to be [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff surprisingly loyal]]. In 2010, it even made an ever so slight resurgence, reminding people it was still around through internet streaming. Even after a leadership shakeup caused more members to leave in 2012, it undauntedly launched an invasion of one of it's largest and most successful former members, Wrestling/NewJapanProWrestling, the next year.
* Carolina Wrestling Federation Mid-Atlantic is the last remnant of Wrestling Superstars Live, which itself was the last remnant of the Wrestling/AmericanWrestlingAssociation. There are other pieces of the AWA floating around in Australia and Japan, most notably in Wrestling/ProWrestlingZero1, but those are cases of foreign companies [[FullyAbsorbedFinale snatching up material]] as AWA and then WSL collapsed with noisy thuds while CWF M-A was actively when the latter fell and survived.
* The Heartland Wrestling Association is the last remaining remnant of what was once the largest pro wrestling promotion in the world, Wrestling/{{WCW}}, sending trainees that would have gone straight to WCW out to the wider world.
* After the Wrestling/{{CZW}} conflict was officially settled by Homicide, CZW's Wrestling/ChrisHero, Wrestling/ClaudioCastagnoli and Necro Butcher continued to cause problems at Wrestling/RingOfHonor shows.

* Used as the punchline for the version of Creator/DouglasAdams 'Kamikaze' sketch that was broadcast on BBC comedy show ''Radio/TheBurkissWay'' in 1977:
-->'''Pilot''': I stand by what I said! We shouldn't be doing this at all, Sir! All this flying out and crashing into British and American ships -- It's all wrong, sir!\\
'''Commanding Officer''': Wrong, Simpkins? Give me one good reason why it's wrong!\\
'''Pilot''': Well -- The war ended thirty-two years ago, Sir!
* ''Radio/TheNavyLark'': In one episode the ''Troutbridge'' manages to capture a straggler U-Boat from UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, with [[HilarityEnsues hijinks]] and [[GratuitousGerman poor German]] [[AsLongAsItsoundsForeign accents]] abounding. Please note, the episode was set in and aired in 1960...

[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]
* The Kraken Fleet from ''TabletopGame/FiftyFathoms''. Their only city has been destroyed, their once proud navy is down to one Great Ship, and their leader, Grand Admiral Caspian, was crippled in the last fight against the BigBad. It hasn't stopped the remaining Kraken from trying to find ways to fight the BigBad, and win this time.
* ''Tabletopgame/BattleTech'': Even after their annihilation there are still small elements of Clan Smoke Jaguar who pop in and out occasionally.
** The Spirit Cats are the remains of Clan Nova Cat, who were destroyed by the Draconis Combine.
** Despite Republic of the Sphere propaganda, the [[ChurchMilitant Word of Blake]] was never entirely annihilated. The survivors are assumed to have made a suicidal bid to attack the Clan Homeworlds, are enjoying retirement on the remaining Hidden Five, or masterminding round two for the Jihad. They are something of a bogeyman for the Inner Sphere: still possessing their most elite troops, a self-sufficient industrial infrastructure, and the setting's planet killing weapon.
* The ''TabletopGame/{{Deadlands}}'' supplement ''South o' the Border'' includes the San Patrico Battalion: a group of Americans who fought for Mexico in the UsefulNotes/MexicanAmericanWar who now roam the badlands of the Confederacy and northern Mexico.
* In the ''TabletopGame/{{Eberron}}'' setting of ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'', some warforged (sentient soldier-golems) act like this after the end of The Last War has left them without a place in the world. All the sides are technically at peace, but one of the main aspects of the setting is that the peace is so fragile that any kind of major incident (which the player characters will no doubt get involved in) could start another war. The biggest Remnant among warforged is led by the charismatic Lord of Blades.
** Also in Eberron is [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast The Order of The Emerald Claw]], Karrnathi zealots that were once the pride of Karrn's military but have now been branded outlaws and terrorist. This is also a {{Subversion}}, as the Order is actually the military arm of [[PathOfInspiration the Blood of Vol]] and are used as spies, saboteurs, and agents provocateur throughout Khorvaire. And then DoubleSubverted, as some supplements point out that much of the Order's rank-and-file don't realize just ''how'' strong the ties to the [[CorruptChurch Blood of Vol]] really are, and genuinely believe they are Karrnathi patriots continuing to fight the war on Karrnath's behalf even if the Karrnathi state refuses to (or in some cases believes that the Karrnathi state's public opposition to the Order is all a case of PlausibleDeniability to allow the Order to strengthen Karrnath's position without inviting reprisals against Karrnath).
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}''
** The Chaos Space Marines, who after losing the Literature/HorusHeresy continue to wage war against the forces of the "False Emperor" ten thousand years later. And because many of them took refuge in the [[NegativeSpaceWedgie Eye of Terror]] after losing the civil war, some of the veterans of the Siege of Terra literally ''have'' been fighting the Long War for millennia on end.
** The militaristic Craftworld Biel-Tan still tries to reconquer the galaxy for the Eldar race. The Dark Eldar is building up their own empire and sees itself as the remnant of the original Eldar empire.
** As of 7th Edition's "Gathering Storm: Fall of Cadia", Abbadon's Thirteen Black Crusade resulted in a victory for the forces of Chaos and the complete destruction of Cadia. The Cadian Regiments still exist as a fighting force due to evacuated civilians and other deployments across the galaxy but Cadian recruits will be a bit hard to come by now...
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'': as revealed in the "Storm of Magic" book, the Fimir were once the primary servants of Chaos, only for the Dark Gods to switch their attention to the humans and leave the Fimir hanging. As a result, the most Fimir you are ''ever'' likely to see in an army is two, and that's only in Storm of Magic games.

* ''Theatre/AVeryPotterMusical'': Voldemort is defeated at the end of the first play. The sequels reveal that the Death Eaters are carrying on their evil schemes without him, though the final installment has Voldemort resume leadership... [[SoulJar sort of]].

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The Eruseans from ''VideoGame/AceCombat'' do this twice. The first time, after sacking their capital Farbanti and splashing the [=V-22s=] carrying their military leaders in the penultimate mission of ''[[VideoGame/AceCombat04ShatteredSkies Shattered Skies]]'', a group of officers and the last 15 members of their pilot corps takes over the last trump card, Megalith, prompting the final AirstrikeImpossible. The second is covered in the Arcade Mode of ''[[VideoGame/AceCombat5TheUnsungWar The Unsung War]]'', where a force calling itself "Free Erusea" attempt an uprising. The Leasath also do this after their commanding officer is defeated in ''[[VideoGame/AceCombatXSkiesOfDeception Skies of Deception]]'', though our IntrepidReporter narrator notes that they shouldn't last long.
* In ''VideoGame/AlphaProtocol'', this is an almost-inevitable consequence of the Alpha Protocol system, because there are so many layers of deniability built into the program that each agent can become an organization unto himself, and when the program is exposed, it just shuts down and the government denies everything, leaving its remaining agents completely unattached. Conrad Marburg's Deus Vult is one such organization, and though it's not outright stated, it is strongly hinted that [[spoiler: [=G22=] is actually the remnant of a previous iteration of Alpha Protocol known as [=G19=].]]
* ''VideoGame/CallOfDuty''
** The Loyalist faction from the first ''VideoGame/ModernWarfare'' is reduced to this by ''VideoGame/ModernWarfare 3'', where they act as a PMC who helps the player (themselves acting as the remnant of the disavowed Task Force 141 from the previous game).
** The [=OpFor=] fought in the US Marine campaign of the first game is also reduced to an insurgency by the start of ''VideoGame/ModernWarfare2'', lacking all the heavy equipment they once had and forced to fight like guerillas.
** In "Project Nova", in ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps'', the German forces fought in the Artic circle count, as Nazi Germany practically ceased to exist in May, 1945, while the mission itself takes place five months after the end of the War in Europe.
* From ''VideoGame/CallOfJuarezBoundInBlood'', Colonel Barnesby and his Confederate remnants are undaunted by the end of UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar, and start up a gun-running operation in the hopes of putting together enough money to finance a second rebellion.
* The player could actually become a remnant soldier in the online mode of the game ''VideoGame/{{Chromehounds}}''. If your nation was the first to be taken over, you could then elect to either join one of the remaining two nations or strike out on your own, fighting against both in hopes of liberating the conquered third.
* ''VideoGame/ChronoTrigger'' features a few incarnations of forces from the past in later eras. The [[LizardFolk Reptites]] of the Giant's Claw cross over into LostWorld, while the only way to improve relations between the Humans and Fiends in 1000 AD is to take out Magus' surviving generals in 600 AD. [[spoiler:Doing this with [[SixthRanger Magus]] in your party [[EasterEgg leads to some rather rewarding special dialogue.]]]]
* ''Neo VideoGame/{{Contra}}'' has [[AntagonistTitle the titular organization]] Bill and Jaguar battle throughout the whole game. They are apparently the political rebels who are trying to defy the governments by setting up their powers.
* In ''VideoGame/TheDarksideDetective'', the gravedigger in the cemetery took the job after crashing his plane there during the War. He doesn't get out much, and is apparently unaware that the War is over.
* In the Tau campaign of ''VideoGame/DawnOfWar: Dark Crusade'', when the Imperial Guard are defeated, the narrator mentions that many of the survivors continued to stage guerrilla attacks against the aliens. Also, in the actual game, the forces remaining in any enemy-controlled province after their main headquarters on the RiskStyleMap has been captured probably count.
* In ''VideoGame/DungeonKeeper 2'' the Sylvan Elves formerly under the command of Lord Ronin continue to fight against Keeper Asmodeous. Interestingly, and very unusually for this trope, if left to their own devices they'll actually ''win''. Granted it won't resurrect their commander, but they'll get their territory back. Of course, the mission objective is to kill Asmodeous yourself in order to prevent this, with the assumption being that the player has destroyed the remaining Elves in the process. Later, the remainder of Lord Bramble's forces don't give up either, but they're more interested in surviving in what remains of his fortress than actually aggressing against the two Keepers in the area.
* In ''Videogame/DynastyWarriors 8'', the Jin Campaign's AlternateHistory storyline sees them defeating Shu and Wu halfway through... and then spend the other half dealing with an incredibly stubborn [[TheRemnant Remnant]] of Shu's old military, Jiang Wei, who rallies various allies (including remnants of Wu's forces) in a bid to retake Shu.
* ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls''
** Following the events of ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIIIMorrowind Morrowind]]'', the [[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIVOblivion Oblivion Crisis]], the [[ColonyDrop Red]] [[ChekhovsVolcano Year]], and finally the subsequent [[LizardFolk Argonian]] [[TheDogBitesBack Invasion]], [[OurElvesAreBetter Dunmer]]-controlled Morrowind has become this. What little habitable land was left was mostly taken over by the Argonians, while only a few northern areas of [[ProudWarriorRace House Redoran]] territory remain. Most of the Dunmer people were forced to flee to Solsthem (a frozen over, barren rock of an island) and Skyrim (where they are treated as second class citizens to the native Nords). [[TheClan Great House]] Indoril is a particular example, following the fall of the [[CorruptChurch Tribunal Temple]], with which House Indoril was [[ReligiousBruiser heavily intertwined]]. While still better off than [[ProudMerchantRace House Hlaalu]] (which was scapegoated and {{Unperson}}ed by the other Houses), the Indoril are one of the weakest Council Houses as of the 4th Era.
** ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim Skyrim]]'':
*** The Blades, an AncientOrderOfProtectors who have long served the emperors of Tamriel as [[PraetorianGuard bodyguards]] and [[SecretPolice spies]], were decimated during the [[GreatOffscreenWar Great War]] and officially disbanded by a term in the White-Gold Concordat, which is enforced by the [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Thalmor]] ruthlessly hunting down the surviving Blades. The remaining Blades have been forced underground to await the coming of a new Dragonborn to follow, which is precisely what happens during the main quest. You can further assist them into becoming an OrderReborn by recruiting new members.
*** The [[MurderInc Dark Brotherhood]] has only one Sanctuary remaining in all of Tamriel, in a remote forest in Skyrim, [[spoiler:and the Legion already knows its location and could wipe out the Brotherhood at any time.]] They also don't have [[MouthOfSauron a Listener]], so they can't even pick up the contracts that reach the Night Mother via Black Sacraments and are forced to rely on the rumour mill to find jobs.
*** The Skyrim ThievesGuild branch is reduced to a single tavern in a sewer, their connections are all but gone, and they are considered little more than petty hired thugs with a veneer of civility. The Guild's sorry state is due to [[spoiler:Mercer Frey's betrayal. He stole Nocturnal's Skeleton Key (draining the Guild's luck since this upset their patron Daedra Nocturnal), embezzled the Guild's fortune using the Key, and murdered the Guild's charismatic leader Gallus when he got too close to the truth (which cost the Guild all of Gallus' connections).]]
*** Once you've completed the Civil War questline in favor of either the Imperial Legion or Stormcloaks, the other side becomes this. Though despite what your commander says, you can't wipe them out without a GameMod since their outpost officers are still flagged as "Essential" characters.
*** At the start of the ''Dawnguard'' DLC, the Hall of the Vigilant, the headquarters of the [[ChurchMilitant Vigil of Stendarr]], [[spoiler:gets wiped out by the Volkihar vampire clan]]. This leaves the wandering Vigilants throughout Skyrim as the remnant of the order.
* In the PlayableEpilogue to four of six plotlines in ''[[VideoGame/EscapeVelocity EV Nova]]'', [[StateSec the Bureau]] is ousted from their control of {{the Federation}} and its lawfully elected government is restored to power. But you periodically run across Bureau remnant forces flying their trademark [[CoolStarship RAGE Gunboats]], battling Federation Navy ships.
* The ''VideoGame/{{Fallout}}'' series has plenty, since it takes place AfterTheEnd.
** The series' recurring villainous faction is the Enclave, éminence grise members of the pre-war U.S. government who rode out the apocalypse in their bunker before emerging to retake the wasteland. Responsible for unscrupulous projects such as the Forced Evolutionary Virus and Vault Experiment, over the course of ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 2}}'' they try to kill everyone that doesn't match their criteria of "pure" human, which considering all the radiation is pretty much everybody except themselves and Vault Dwellers who have never left their vaults. They get defeated. So when you encounter them in ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'', you're fighting the remnant of The Remnant, and then in the ''Broken Steel'' expansion you fight the remnants of ''that''. As of ''VideoGame/FalloutNewVegas'' the Enclave is all but extinct, but you can convince a handful of survivors to rally for one last hurrah at the Second Battle of Hoover Dam, where they'll become the stuff of legends. That said, [[SequelHook the game hints that there are probably more Enclave holdouts in the Midwest, such as the Chicago outpost visited by ED-E.]]
** Many members of The Master's super mutant army survived his death, and by the time of ''Fallout 2'' eighty years later, the smarter ones have settled in peace in the city of Broken Hills. While super mutants can be encountered as [[DemonicSpiders particularly dangerous]] raiders, ''New Vegas'' reveals that most are happy to readjust to a peaceful life. Unfortunately, the [[EliteMooks Nightkin]] have had their sanity shattered due to use of their stealth technology, and still wage war on non-mutants for various crazy reasons, even as their non-nightkin brethren are working to cure them of their afflictions.
** The Brotherhood of Steel technically qualifies, as they're descended from a group of former United States Army soldiers. In a twist, it's revealed in the first game that the soldiers were ''mutineers'' and the Brotherhood was effectively a secessionist movement. Unlike most examples on this page, they're [[BlackAndGreyMorality relatively]] heroic, if rather racist and exclusionist.
*** The Brotherhood of Steel itself seems to be heading this way after the events of ''New Vegas'' and ''Fallout 4'', potentially much more so if the players don't like the Brotherhood. First ''New Vegas'' canonized the Brotherhood NCR war, which either eradicated most west coast chapters or drove them into hiding like the Mojave chapter. ''Fallout 4'' reveals that the situation has gotten much worse since ''New Vegas'', as the NCR has managed to expand around/through the Mojave and threatens even more chapters. The tone of Elder Maxison's terminal entries make it sound as if the East coast chapter of the Brotherhood is by far the most active chapter and that the Brotherhood as a whole depends on them.
** ''Fallout 3'' features the Chinese Remnant, [[OurGhoulsAreDifferent ghoulified]] pre-War Chinese infiltrators lurking in the ruins of Washington D.C.
** The ''Point Lookout'' DLC also has Desmond Lockheart and Professor Calvert, two high-ranking pre-War intelligence officers who have carried on their old rivalry for two hundred years, even though the nations they once represented no longer exist. And it's implied that there are others like them still playing the "Great Game."
* Many un-updated RandomEncounter zones can produce an effect similar to this after external plot changes, such as TheEmpire's troops in South Figaro's secret tunnel after the Floating Continent in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVI''.
* ''VideoGame/FireEmblem'':
** In ''VideoGame/FireEmblemTheBindingBlade'', defeating King Zephiel with all legendary weapons available and intact unlocks the chapters leading to the true ending of the game. The very first of these, "The Ghost of Bern", pits Roy against the remnant of the Bern army, led by the final Wyvern General under orders from her deceased king.
** ''VideoGame/FireEmblemTheBlazingBlade'' has this as well with Eubans's mercenaries, who fight Eliwood and Hector despite being completely aware that the lords have already killed their employer.
** ''VideoGame/FireEmblemTheSacredStones'' has it again: Even after the Grado Empire is defeated by Prince Ephraim's forces, the Grado ''Remnant'' remains a persistent foe. Of note, Grado's [[UnluckyChildhoodFriend prince]] is still alive, and is the one giving the orders.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Freespace}}'', we get two factions of Remnants.
** In the first game, is a Vasudan group calling themselves "The Hammer of Light" who refuse to accept their government's cease-fire with the Galactic Terran Alliance, and believe that the genocidal Shivans are a prophesized god-race. The Vasudan Empire declares them a terrorist group and they are believed to have been wiped out some time after the formation of the Galactic Terran-Vasudan Alliance.
** In the second game, the Terran Admiral Bosch forms a Polaris-based militant group called the Neo-Terran Front. Their aims are to overthrow the current Terran government and break ties with the now-friendly Vasudans, motivated mainly by good old-fashioned racism (speciesism in this case). They are declared a rebel group and wiped out over the course of the game. [[spoiler:It was actually all a front by Bosch, who really wanted an excuse to plunder some Vasudan ruins and revive an abandoned Terran project to communicate with the Shivans. He is successful in this endeavor, and survives the game... albeit in the custody of the Shivans, and who knows what they intend to do with him.]]
* ''VideoGame/TheGodfather: The Game'' counts an enemy Family as wiped out once you bomb and take over their Compound, but any {{Legitimate Businessmens Social Club}}s that you have yet to take over still shows as under their control, plus in certain spots even in Corleone turf you may still find pockets of enemy mobsters.
* ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'': One of the enemy factions in ''VideoGame/{{Halo 4}}'' and ''VideoGame/Halo5Guardians'' is a Covenant remnant led by religiously fanatical Elites who disregard the Arbiter's peace treaty with humanity. [[spoiler:The Covenant fighting on the planet Genesis are the remnants of the remnant, with the Arbiter having rooted them out of their last stronghold on Sanghelios. ]]
** The Didact, the BigBad of ''Halo 4'''s main campaign, is leading the remnants of his Promethean Warrior-Servants in tandem with the Covenant remnant against the UNSC, despite there being no plausible means of restoring the Forerunner Ecumene to its ancient glory.
** The ExpandedUniverse and gaiden games include several ''other'' Covenant remnants unrelated to the one we see in ''4'' and ''5'', such as the Keepers of the One Freedom (who are unique in their relative tolerance towards humanity).
* ''Homeworld: Cataclysm'' with the Taiidani empire. In the original ''VideoGame/{{Homeworld}}'', exiles literally march to the heart of their very empire. There was already rebellion, and the rebels found it very useful that exiles took the capital of TheEmpire and killed the emperor. In the time of the expansion, the Imperial capital is controlled by the exiles, and the rebellion is establishing a new government. However, this fails to stop several Taiidan warlords and splinter factions from trying to attack the still vulnerable ex-capital and try to establish the empire again. By the time of the full sequel, what’s left of the Taiidani joins the Vaygr in trying to destroy Hiigara.
* In ''VideoGame/JustCause2'', Rico can take a mission to find a missing pilot that ends up leading him to an island populated with ''hundreds'' of Imperial Japanese soldiers manning and using a [[WeatherControlMachine towering machine that generates thunderstorms to shoot down planes and sink boats]].
* Ganon's followers on several occasions in ''Series/TheLegendOfZelda'':
** ''VideoGame/ZeldaIITheAdventureOfLink'' is the series' TropeCodifier for this. ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZelda'' ended on a happy note: Ganon's dead, Link has the Triforce, Zelda's free, and Hyrule is back under its original rulers. But the sequel keeps the camera running. Ganon's warriors have regrouped and summoned up new allies, and now they're harrying the countryside and making reconstruction impossible. They have two objectives: to keep Hyrule weak enough that it can be reconquered easily, and to draw out Link so they can sacrifice him and get their master back. It doesn't work in the actual story (Link was just that good), but Ganon's return is the Game Over screen, so you'll be seeing it happen [[NintendoHard a time or two]].
** ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaOracleOfSeasons'' and ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaOracleOfAges''. This time it's [[Characters/TheLegendOfZeldaOcarinaOfTime Koume and Kotake]], the Gerudo witches who brought Ganondorf up and made him everything he is today. [[CameBackWrong It doesn't go so well this time.]]
* ''VideoGame/MetalGear2SolidSnake'': Despite losing Mother Base, the Metal Gear, half the army's aces, most of the army, ''and'' [[spoiler:Venom Snake]], Big Boss reconsolidates his forces in Zanzibar Land ''using the very hostages Outer Heaven took in the first game''. In essence, they used to think that Big Boss was only a deluded war maniac (which he may or may not be from all the brain damage) and his war against the secret robot leaders of the United States was just the insanity talking... until said leaders ordered a missile strike on the hostages to eliminate any witnesses, killing some of their families. The survivors enlisted under Big Boss' dying army to fight his losing secret war as one final spiteful revenge.
* In ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid'' and its [[VideoGame/MetalGearSolid2SonsOfLiberty sequel]], the terrorists joins forces with a renegade Russian outfit led by Col. Sergei Gurlukovich. A most sympathetic character, the Colonel took Cold Warriors who had nowhere to turn after the Wall fell and made them into a mercenary force. Sergei's top guy, Ocelot, hints that certain corners of the Russian armed forces are disgusted with the current state of their country. The Colonel himself has a personal motive: After the USSR collapsed, his hometown was bought up by the U.S. and turned into an atomic testing site. Gurlukovich is delusional enough to think that if he can steal Metal Gear and deliver it into the Russians' hands, it will mean a renaissance for his country.
* The [[TheEmpire Terran Republic]] we see (and play as) in ''VideoGame/PlanetSide'' is the tiny portion of the Terran military that was stranded alongside everyone else when the [[LostColony wormhole to Auraxis abruptly closed]]. In ''Planetside 2'', they're the military command that took over the Auraxis colony fleet after much of it was damaged or destroyed passing through the Auraxis wormhole. Despite being separated from their command, the Terran Republic is still a powerful force that equals the [[MegaCorp New Conglomerate]] and [[MachineCult Vanu Sovereignty]] in strength.
* In ''VideoGame/PokemonGoldAndSilver'', the remnants of Team Rocket from Giovanni's sudden disappearance in the last game are the main antagonists, trying to call Giovanni back to them. [[spoiler:In the DS remakes, there's also an event involving TimeTravel where it turns out Giovanni ''was'' going to come back to lead them, but a combination of the signal suddenly stopping and the player soundly thrashing him along the way convince him to go back into exile.]]
** ''[[VideoGame/PokemonDiamondAndPearl Platinum]]'' also has Team Galactic turn into this after their leader Cyrus is beaten, though the new guy in charge outright tells you that they're not going to be quite as bad as they had been.
** A small group of Rockets post-disappearance are fought in the ExtendedGameplay of the ''[[VideoGame/PokemonRedAndBlue Red and Blue]]'' remakes, ''[=FireRed=]'' and ''[=LeafGreen=]''; it's implied that the last ones you fight are the same people who go on to lead the efforts in ''Gold'' and ''Silver''.
** And again in ''VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite'' where after [[spoiler:Ghetsis, the true leader and mastermind]] is defeated [[spoiler: he and his son N]] vanish, leaving behind the seven sages, and a couple of random Team Plasma members. The sequel, ''VideoGame/PokemonBlack2AndWhite2'', sees the organisation fully rebuilt after a two-year TimeSkip... into ''two opposing factions''.
** In one of the post-game downloadable missions in ''VideoGame/PokemonRanger: Shadows of Almia'', ex-Team Dim Sun members form a new team called Team Debonairs lead by DragonAscendant [[spoiler:Kincaid]].
* In ''VideoGame/SidMeiersAlphaCentauri'', the Peacekeepers under Pravin Lal are all that remain of the United Nations. In fact the crew and refugees aboard the ''Unity'' are all that remain of the human species, as the Earth is destroyed in a nuclear holocaust not long after the ''Unity'' leaves.
* In ''VideoGame/{{StarCraft|I}}'', the Confederacy just won't seem to go away after being defeated by Arcturus Mengsk. One remnant group joined the United Earth Directorate shortly after they invaded the sector.
** The Confederacy appears in a cool map, Deception, having made strange alliances.
** Ironically, there are UED remnants left in the K-Sector after their defeat, some of them serving as mercenaries; in fact, a lot of the remnants of old Terran factions appear as mercenaries that can be hired in ''VideoGame/StarCraftIIWingsOfLiberty''.
** Mengsk himself spent a few months as a remnant force between the sacking of his capital of Augustgrad and being able to reclaim it from Kerrigan's Swarm. There are also several prominent protoss examples (ranging in size from "the majority of the Fleet of the Executor" to "a couple dozen civilian refugees") on Aiur following the zerg invasion of that world; though most of them escape sooner or later and are absorbed into (or found, in the case of Artanis's group) the Daelaam Protoss government on Shakuras.
* The opening mission of ''VideoGame/StarFoxAssault'' has you destroying the last remnants of the Venom army before you move up in the SortingAlgorithmOfEvil.
* ''VideoGame/StarTrekOnline'' has the True Way. They're a terrorist group composed of rogue Jem'Hadar and Cardassian soldiers that wants to overthrow the civilian-dominated Cardassian government that came into being post-''[[Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine Deep Space Nine]]'' and resume the Dominion War.
** ''The 2800'' mission arc is a time-travel twist on the 'holdout that haven't heard/refuses to believe the war is over' variant -- the eponymous 2800 are 2800 Dominion warships that disappeared in the wormhole in 2374, at the height of the Dominion War... only to emerge in 2409, 34 years after the War ended, quickly capturing Deep Space Nine. It even goes so far as to have the solution be an analogue to bringing in the old commanding officer (the Federation brings out the Female Changeling imprisoned after the war, and gets her to co-operate by offering to return her to the Dominion for her assistance). [[spoiler: That is to say, the ''intended'' solution. Unfortunately, while the Vorta falls in line, the Jem'Hadar First goes nuts and decides that a suicidal last stand is preferable to surrender even against a Founder's orders.]]
** While the Tal Shiar starts out as StateSec crossed with de-facto rule of the Romulan Star Empire [[note]]it's not really TheManBehindTheMan since it's common knowledge that the relationship between the Tal Shiar and the Empress is more akin to untrusting allies than a ruler and her subordinates[[/note]], by the end of the Romulan storyline they have been reduced to this, having splintered from the remnants of the Star Empire in the wake of [[spoiler: Sela's disappearance]] and reeling from [[spoiler: Hakeev's death]]. What remains of Imperial loyalist forces are almost too ''weak'' for this trope -- when [[spoiler: Sela returns]] the escort force they manage to gather consists of an armed freighter and a Mogai warbird (a mid-size warship).
** While there have been no story effects of it -- WordOfGod have indicated it was mostly an excuse to keep related PVE queues running[[note]]which looks odd in light of [[VoodooShark all the other PVE queues the story has gone past but still remains available]][[/note]] -- this happens at the end of the Iconian War. [[spoiler: The surviving Iconians decide to withdraw to Iconia with their forces and remain there if they're allowed to do so undisturbed... except for T'Ket, who swears she will continue to fight against the Klingon-Federation-Romulan Alliance (and since the Heralds are all sworn to one specific Iconian or the other she does have an army to continue to fight with).]]
* In the ''Franchise/StarWars'' games set in the ''[[Franchise/StarWarsLegends Legends]]'' continuity, the remaining Imperials after the Battle of Endor are literally known as [[TropeNamers The (Imperial) Remnant]]. That's what happens when you cut off the head of the snake...
* The Divine Crusaders in ''VideoGame/SuperRobotWars OriginalGeneration'' show up again in the sequel as the Neo [=DC=], and then ''again'' in the GaidenGame. It helps that the Divine Crusaders are a walking ShoutOut to [[Anime/MobileSuitGundam Zeon]], and that they had help from another faction.
** ''VideoGame/EndlessFrontier'' also has a variant with [[spoiler:the Einst, who get bonus points for being the remnant of a ''eldritch abomination'' faction]]. Remnants of this faction also appear in ''OriginalGeneration [[GaidenGame Gaiden]]'', but not as examples of this trope.
* According to the official bio for ''Videogame/{{Team Fortress 2}}'''s Soldier, after being rejected from all branches of the military he flew to Europe on his own and embarked on a 'Nazi killing spree', which ended when he heard news of the war's end. In 1949.
* ''VideoGame/TotalAnnihilationKingdoms'' ''Iron Plague'': After Lokken was defeated in the first game, a small band of cultist called The Cult of Lokken still fight to restore Taros's former glory, [[spoiler:and they are successful in reviving Lokken from the dead.]]
* Abundant in the ''VideoGame/{{Warcraft}}'' universe -- enemies are never fully killed off, they periodically return after slowly rebuilding. Arthas, [[{{Irony}} of all]] [[OurLichesAreDifferent people]], lampshades this at one point by complaining "Doesn't anyone stay dead anymore?"
** The early missions of ''Warcraft III'' feature orcish holdouts from the Second War, clinging to "dying traditions" and using armies evocative of ''Warcraft II''. Later expansions, including ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'', turn the tables by featuring a xenophobic Alliance admiral campaigning against the (reformed) orcs even after a truce between the Alliance and the Horde.
** The upper reaches of Blackrock Mountain are ruled by the remnants of the "Dark Horde," the few ogre, troll, and orc clans that fell under the rule of [[DragonTheirFeet Rend Blackhand]] decades ago, and who feel that the [[VideoGame/WarcraftII Second War]] has never really ended. What makes this self-proclaimed "true Horde" dangerous is that they know their ongoing battle is largely hopeless, but they keep fighting anyway.
** Meanwhile in Outland is the "Fel Horde," demon-corrupted orcs left behind following the destruction of the Dark Portal. They've since thrown their lot with Illidan after he conquered Outland from the Burning Legion.
** The trollish tribes such as the Amani or Gurubashi are actually the remnants of ancient, mighty empires. Thousands of years later, their capitals are mostly ruins, and their (cannibalistic) culture and technology are primitive compared to the rest of the world. As of the "Rise of the Zandalari" patch, these remnants have united under the Zandalar tribe, the oldest troll civilization, in a last-ditch effort to reverse their race's decline and build a civilization capable of surviving their island home's destruction.
** After Arthas' death at the end of ''Wrath of the Lich King'', Bolvar Fordragon becomes the new Lich King in order to [[SealedEvilInACan keep the Scourge in check]]. However in the subsequent ''Cataclysm'' expansion it's revealed that Darkmaster Gandling took advantage of the new Lich King's weakness to take control of the Scourge forces in the Plaguelands.
** The [[KnightTemplar Scarlet]] [[HeWhoFightsMonsters Crusade]] see themselves as righteous successors of the kingdom of Lordaeron, which was destroyed by [[ZombieApocalypse the Scourge]] in ''Warcraft III''. This naturally brings them into conflict with the Forsaken, the Horde-aligned faction of free-willed undead that the Crusade [[VanHelsingHateCrimes sees as indistinguishable from the non-sentient undead Scourge.]] But with [[FantasticRacism both]] [[ColdBloodedTorture factions]] [[AxCrazy using]] [[PlayingWithSyringes rather]] [[ThePlague questionable]] [[CameBackWrong methods]], their conflict can be seen as {{Black and Grey Morality}} at best.
*** The Scarlet Crusade is a particularly enduring Remnant as well. Over ''Wrath of the Lich King'' it lost its leadership in Northrend, and by the ''Cataclysm'' expansion their forces in the Eastern Plaguelands were turned into undead, their fortress in the Western Plaguelands was taken over by the [[LawfulGood Argent Crusade]], and they're basically down to the Scarlet Monastery and some scattered holdings in Tirisfal Glades. The game attributes their continued survival to High Inquisitor Whitemane -- [[GameplayAndStoryIntegration as a Priest, she can revive the fallen.]]
* Any time a faction is defeated in ''VideoGame/WarlockMasterOfTheArcane'', all their cities and units remain in the game as "Neutrals". These cities do no longer play to win and are hostile to everyone, except other neutrals.
* ''VideoGame/TheWitcher3WildHunt'': In the ''Hearts of Stone'' expansion, Geralt can encounter a remnant of the Order of the Flaming Rose. During the time of the first game, this was one of the most powerful factions in Temeria. By the time of the third game, the faction lost almost all of its power due to the political schemes of king Radovid V. What is left of the Order are nothing but roving bandits wearing ornate looking armor.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/TheBMovieComic''[='s=] this movie features an old Nazi garrison on the island of Toblerone.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* Common, but usually not very important in ''Literature/AdAstraPerAspera''. The Batavian Soviet Republic is the main remnant of the USSR, and the Platte system is home to various German successor states.
* ''Literature/TheRuinsOfAnAmericanPartySystem'': Following the Soviet Union's [[CurbStompBattle sweeping victory]] in the Second Great European War, Germany is reduced to just the Rhineland.
* In ''{{Literature/Reds}}'' the US government tried to declare the election which saw the American Worker's Party win void and arrest all members of the AWP. This resulted in an armed insurrection which turned the United States of America into the United American Socialist Republic. The USA is, in the "now" of the alternate timeline, a BananaRepublic controlling Cuba and a few small islands, firmly in the hands of a quasi-fascist military junta.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Archer}}'' Season 6 opener, appropriately enough titled "The Holdout", has Archer encounter Kintaru Sato, a Japanese officer defending an isolated island in the South Pacific decades after the Second World War ended. He only finds out the war has ended by stealing Archer's smartphone and looking up old newsreels which displayed the dropping of the bombs on Japan, although Archer reunites Kintaru with his still-alive family.
* A variation in ''WesternAnimation/Ben10AlienForce'', in the episode "If All Else Fails": a Highbreed commander had been chosen when the war still raged to stay in a hibernation-like state on Earth, to awake only should his kind lose the war. An earthquake awoke him however, and thinking he was woken up due to the Highbreed losing the fight (which was actually resolved peacefully), the commander unleashed a fail-safe doomsday weapon on all of humankind. It wasn't until the new Highbreed Supreme briefed him on the situation and ordered him to stop the weapon that he ceased acting as an antagonist to the main cast.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/CaptainPlanetAndThePlaneteers'' episode "Mission to Save Earth", the Planeteers come to an island and stumble upon Commander Clash. This soldier had been assigned to guard the island and prepare for a possible invasion of America by the Soviets. After they manage to convince him that the UsefulNotes/ColdWar has been over for a while, he goes into a HeroicBSOD when he realizes his superiors had long forgotten about him and he had been fighting for nothing. Clash eventually finds a new purpose in helping the Planeteers protect the Earth from pollution and such.
* The ''WesternAnimation/DuckTales1987'' episode "Launchpad's Civil War" similar in plot to the ''Series/TheMagnificentSeven'' example given above. Re-enactments, Launchpad [=McQuack=], and hot air balloons are involved.
* In ''WesternAnimation/ExoSquad'', after Terran retake Venus, some of the Neosapien garrisons become guerrillas, hoping that Phaeton would send more reinforcements to rescue them. The reinforcements never reach the Venusian surface.
** More directly, the Exo Fleet itself, having been deployed to the Outer Planets when the Neosapiens launched their conquest of the Homeworlds, continues to carry the fight for several years after the government they were loyal to had been disbanded, despite suffering several major defeats in their early attempts to liberate Earth.
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/JonnyQuestTheRealAdventures'', the heroes have to contend with a crazy group who somehow think ''UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution'' is still going on. This includes the group thinking Jonny and his friends are British spies and the group saying they are desperately trying to pass on top secret info to General UsefulNotes/GeorgeWashington.
** For bonus points, one of the group's factions have the Declaration of Independence...the ''real one'', having intercepted it and held it for ransom all these years while Washington simply had it copied in secret.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' cartoon "Southern Fried Rabbit", Yosemite Sam was told to guard the Mason-Dixon Line and is still doing so... in ''1952''. On being told by WesternAnimation/BugsBunny that the War Between the States has been over for nearly 90 years, he responds "I'm no clockwatcher!" before trying to blast the rascally rabbit.
* ''WesternAnimation/StarWarsRebels'': the third season episode "The Last Battle" centers on the Rebels of Phoenix Squadron going to the abandoned planet Agamar, which had been a base during the Clone Wars, in search of munitions they could use to help the Rebellion. After arriving, they find an army of still-operational battle droids led by super tactical droid General Kalani, who refused the shut-down order issued to the droid armies at the end of the war and is still fighting for the Separatist Alliance. He forces Ezra, Kanan, and Rex to fight him in a staged battle to finally decide the true victor of the Clone Wars, but they join forces when the Empire shows up.
* In an odd twist on the usual show theme, the ''Decepticons'' are the outnumbered LaResistance in ''WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated'', fighting to retake their homeland after losing the war the first time around. WordOfGod, however, stated they technically left by choice, because doing that gave them amnesty for the war-crimes they committed during said war.
* The QuirkyMiniBossSquad Knights of Vengeance in ''WesternAnimation/{{WITCH}}'', at least until they try to free Phobos and end up in prison.
* ''WesternAnimation/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles2012'': 16 years before the start of the series, Shredder recreated the Foot Clan by converting most of the Hamato Clan to the Foot's ideologies. By the series' beginning, Splinter/Hamato Yoshi and the Turtles themselves are all that remain of the Hamato Clan.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* As are any counterrevolutionaries. The Vendée uprising and rebellion against the UsefulNotes/FrenchRevolution could well be the TropeCodifier.
* Japanese holdouts, also known as stragglers, were soldiers (usually stationed on small islands in the Philippines or up and down the Pacific coast) who either did not learn or did not believe that World War II was over, and Japan had surrendered. The latest confirmed holdouts lasted until 1974, a full ''twenty-nine years'' after the war's end, with more rumored until the turn of the century. This was a particular problem as these holdouts were often single soldiers, resorting to guerrilla tactics against local law enforcement in fighting a war they still believed was ongoing.
** [[http://badassoftheweek.com/onoda.html Onoda Hiroo]] would not believe the news until his now-retired former commanding officer was flown in to personally order him to stand down. In 1974. When he surrendered, he still had his army sword and original issue rifle in full-working order.
** [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoichi_Yokoi Yokoi Shoichi]] held out on the island of Guam until 1972. When he returned to Japan, his official statement was "I am embarrassed that I have returned alive."
* Jesse James and his James Gang never stopped fighting UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar.
** The last ship to fly the Confederate flag (CSS Shenandoah, a commerce raider) reached port (in England to avoid accusations of piracy) and officially struck its colors in November of 1865 (about 5 months after most of the rest of the Confederate forces). It spent most of the intervening time getting months-old bad news occasionally whenever it would raid "enemy" shipping.
** Robert E. Lee deliberately refused to go down this path, against the advice of several of his subordinates, and chose surrender rather than continuing increasingly futile bloodshed as bandits for years or even decades to come.
** Part of the reason for the popularity of the Ku Klux Klan was a romantic desire to continue the fight and ensure the South rose again. The Klan soon chose to direct its violence towards the most visible symbol of the North's victory, emancipated negroes (they also shot back less than US troops).
** "Confederados" are Brazilian descendants of Southerners who refused to give up their way of life after the war.
* This was a feature of some nations' defense planning during the 20th century; in fact, during the Bush 43 administration, Donald Rumsfeld and Condi Rice used the German stay-behind "force" Werwolf as part of the justification for continuing the Iraq War. NATO, under United States direction, did much the same thing in much of western Europe as a poison pill in case of Communist invasion (the plan is best known by the Italian name, Operation Gladio); sounds sensible, right? Except many Gladio recruits were some of their nations' most outspoken fascists and thugs.
** Became an InvokedTrope with the Iraqi resistance being dubbed the "dead-enders" to suggest they were only resisting Coalition forces out of loyalty to the deposed Saddam Hussein. This was dropped when the war continued long after the Iraqi dictator was executed.
* For that matter, the [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazis']] ''Werwolf'' project itself. Originally devised as an underground network of soldiers that would conduct sabotage and guerilla warfare in those parts of Germany that would soon be occupied by the Allies forces, it was never seriously intended as a last-ditch effort to retain control over UsefulNotes/NaziGermany. Its propaganda value far outweighed its practical use, and it is because of this that the Allies over-estimated its effectiveness and actual threat level.
* During the [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober Russian Civil War]], there were several White warlords in the Russian Far East who were still fighting months or even years after the main White armies/governments in Crimea and Siberia were destroyed (1920). The most {{Determinator}}iffic of these was General Pepelyaev, who led a raid on several towns in Yakutia in 1923, when the LAST White remnant in the Maritime province was already fallen. Another notable example is Baron UsefulNotes/UngernSternberg, who kept raiding in the Soviet Union and Mongolia until his own men handed him over to the Bolsheviks and left for China and exile.
** Some anti-Bolshevik holdouts in Russia either returned from exile or emerged from hiding to join the Nazis in the fight against the communists. It did not end well.
** A very unusual Russian example are the Old Believers, who were persecuted by the mainstream Russian Orthodox church and still live apart from society. Why? [[SeriousBusiness Old Believers continue using three fingers to make the sign of the cross while the church changed it to two fingers]].
* Eastern Europe's non-communist undergrounds left over from WWII certainly count. Many of these organizations had been fighting for nearly half a decade or more when WWII ended, and many continued the fight after the Soviets marched in and set up their clients. In many cases they were conducting guerilla warfare until the eighties. The last Polish group of freedom fighters was captured in 1965. Allegedly some of the groups were blowing up support trains for Germans on the Eastern Front. Many of them included former soldiers of the Waffen-SS Legion (often, locals who had joined the SS believing at the time that the Nazis were better than the Soviets).
* The various Anti-Soviet groups (Forest Brethren/Forest Brothers depending on translation from Estonian/Latvian/Lithuanian) in the Baltics in general. Though the Soviets moved in for good in 1944, guerrilla fighters in the woodlands remained active until well after Stalin's death, with pardons issued to LaResistance leaders and the mass deportations of rebels to the GULAG ended. Of course, some of them just stayed in the woods even after that and kept up the fight. The last fighters of the Forest Brethren (Metsavõnnud) of Estonia were crushed in 1979, the Latvian meža brāļi (pronounced ''mezha braal'i'' ) fought until ~1957, and the Lithuanian miško broliai (''mishko broliai'') until 1971, just in time for the 80s and Gorbachev to get everyone back in the habit of protesting those commies only to get their independence in 1991. TheDeterminator anybody?
* Whenever the leadership of a terrorist movement decides to give up violence despite not having fulfilled its goals, it is likely that a splinter faction will continue fighting.
* After the Boer Wars, there were still groups of Boer guerrillas roaming the South African countryside; they were known as Bitter-Enders and refused to admit defeat against British forces.
* When Mao won the Chinese Civil War in 1949, his enemies fled to Taiwan. They fortified the island and prepared for the eventual reconquest of the mainland. Chiang Kai-Shek initially didn't even bother to develop the Taiwanese economy or infrastructure; he didn't expect to be staying there long. It wasn't until ''1987'' that martial law was lifted. The country is still officially called the Republic of China, founded by Sun Yat-Sen in 1911 before anyone had ever heard of Mao; and ''to this day'' there are hardcore members of the Nationalist Party who hope to see China reunited under their banners.
** There were also pro-Chiang guerrillas operating from Burma in the '50s that were sponsored by the CIA.
** This trope is actually [[EnforcedTrope enforced]] for Taiwan: officially, the Republic of China not only claims the whole territory of the People's Republic of China, but also Mongolia, parts of Burma and Tajikstan and anywhere else even nominally part of the Empire when it fell apart (not much different from PRC today). This is because although even the hardliners have no intention of reconquering all of this territory, actually changing their definition of the Republic in any way would be an official acknowledgement of "two Chinas", and thus would be perceived as a provocative move by the People's Republic.
*** As of 2008 the claim on Mongolia has been officially dead, with ROC officials now says Mongolia has ceased to be "lawful territory" of Republic of China under current constitution. Other areas have only minor difference from PRC's claim line, and the full ROC map had fallen into disuse after 2000s--now map of ROC simply shows Taiwan and its associated islands, a number of islands in Fujian and South China Sea that are "free".
** To clarify (or not): Both the government in Beijing and the one in Taipei agree that there is only one China, they merely disagree on who has the legitimate claim to be in charge and to some degree what the borders of that One China are. In recent years they have quietly taken on a policy of ignoring the elephant in the living room and hoping nobody brings it up, as neither side really wants the trouble of fighting a war over it.
** Both Taiwan and Mongolia have been homes of various remnants of Chinese dynasties at different times. After being displaced by the Ming in China itself, the khans of the House of Genghis Khan, who still ruled in Mongolia, claimed to be the legitimate rulers of all China as emperors of the Yuan Dynasty. Only the absorption of both the Ming and the Yuan remnants by the Manchu Qing dynasty extinguished this claim. After the fall of the Ming, Zheng Chenggong, a one time pirate also known to the Europeans as Koxinga, declared himself loyal to the fallen Ming Dynasty and established a de facto independent state called the Kingdom of Tungning on Taiwan after displacing the Dutch who had previously established an outpost there. This remnant lasted a full generation before being conquered by the Qing imperial troops in 1683 and Zheng remains a major folk hero in Taiwan.
* Happened during the War of 1812 due to the amount of time it took for information to travel in those days; the treaty ending the war was signed in December 1814 but combat continued into the following year. Of particular note is the Battle of New Orleans, fought January 8, 1815, as the Americans' overwhelming victory both compelled the British to abide by the terms of the treaty and propelled Major General UsefulNotes/AndrewJackson to a successful run at the presidency.
* Even after Franco won the UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar, the Republicans' various remnants kept trying to fight him for decades, even until the day Franco died.
* UsefulNotes/{{Belarus}}, with its quasi-communism, state-controlled industries, a strong arm President backed up by StateSec (which is even called [[UsefulNotes/MoscowCentre KGB]]) and a very Soviet-looking flag and coat of arms, can be seen as The Remnant of the Soviet Union. Minsk remains quite possibly the only former Soviet capital to have kept virtually all of their CommieLand monuments, even most Belorussians (roughly 70%) list Russian as their primary language and it remains an official language still used heavily in education and politics.
** The "Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic" is the GovernmentInExile of the ''Belarusian People's Republic'', a republic founded during the russian civil war and that existed until 1919 when it was invaded by Bolshevik troops. After the [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp fall of the Soviet Union]], [[RightfulKingReturns many pre-communist governments-in-exile were able to take power back]] (Like in the Baltics or Poland), however, Belarus instead was taken over by the current government instead, as such, the Rada has been in exile since 1919, making it the oldest GovernmentInExile existing.
* Transnistria (an unrecognised but ''de facto'' independent breakaway state within the territory of Moldova) may similarly be considered a Remnant of the Soviet Union, continuing to operate a ''literal'' Soviet government (although not communist), and using the associated iconography (hammer and sickle, Lenin, etc.) on official monuments and state symbols.
* The followers of the British King James II, or [[UsefulNotes/HanoverStuartWars Jacobites]], became this after he is ousted in 1688, to the point of having two attempted rebellions to try and regain the throne; an abortive one in 1715, and an almost successful one in 1745.
* Enver Pasha, one of the Triumvirate of "Young Turks" that ruled the Ottoman Empire during World War I. In 1922 he turned up in Central Asia organizing Muslim tribes in the hope of recreating the Ottoman Empire from scratch, in the midst of the Soviet Union no less. [[ForegoneConclusion It didn't work out]].
* The French OAS, consisting of disgruntled military leaders, pied noirs (descendents of European settlers) and far-right extremists, attempted to continue the Algerian War even after Charles De Gaulle began negotiations with the FLN. Unable to seriously disrupt the peace process through paramilitary attacks on Algerians, they soon began targeting French officials and ultimately De Gaulle himself.
* The Principality of Liechtenstein has been described as the last functioning remnant of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire, having survived both UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte's dissolution of said Empire and the later collapse of Austria-Hungary in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI.
* When the UsefulNotes/RomanEmpire in the West fell in AD 476, it was survived by a number of remnant-states. Julius Nepos continued to address himself as 'Emperor', ruling from the province of Dalmatia in the Balkans until his death in AD 480.
** The warlord Aegidius and later his son, Syagrius, continued to hold out against barbarian incursions in northern Gaul (France) from the city of Soissons until King Clovis I of the Franks conquered and added their lands to his own petty kingdom in 486. Clovis' consolidation of power and territory would lay the foundations for the medieval French monarchy.
** The largest, and most successful, remnant was the Byzantine Empire, embracing the eastern provinces of Greece, Anatolia (Turkey), Syria, and Egypt. The Byzantine Empire lasted for a thousand years, its rulers loftly styling themselves 'Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans'.
*** After the sack of Constantinople in 1204 during the Fourth Crusade, the Byzantine Empire itself spun off a number of remnant states, each of which claimed to be its rightful successor. One of these (the Empire of Nicaea) later recaptured Constantinople and put its emperor on the rightful throne, while the longest-lived successor state (the Empire of Trebizond) maintained an independent existence until 1461, eight years after the fall of Constantinople itself to the Turks.
* Wales was conquered by England in the late 1100's. In the following centuries there were sporadic rebellions against English rule, the most successful being by the prince Owain Glyndwr in the 1400's. An organisation called the Meibion Glyndwr -- Sons of Glyndwr -- still exists today, although dormant, in the way a rump IRA continued between the War of Independence in 1921 (only to leap into active life again in 1969). In the 1960's, traffic signs written in English only were destroyed until the British Government agreed to dual-language signage in all of Wales, with Welsh taking precedence over English in the West. In the 1970's and 80's, second homes in Wales bought by English-speakers were under threat of being firebombed. In a very real way, a Remnant is still fighting English rule nine hundred years on -- although very, very, much marginalised and made insignificant after a series of concessions to Welsh nationalism.
* The Kingdom of Navarre was a medieval kingdom in the northern Iberian Peninsula, at a time in which what is now Spain was divided between several petty kingdoms. Gradually these kingdoms conglomerated until all of modern Spain save Navarre was at least unofficially unified by 1492. In 1512, Spain conquered virtually all of Navarre except for a tiny portion north of the Pyrenees, where the former Kings of Navarre remained as a kind of government in exile. In 1589, King Henry of Navarre succeeded to the French throne. From 1589 right up to 1830, every French monarch (except Napoleon) styled himself 'King of France ''and'' Navarre' despite the overwhelming majority of what had been Navarre being part of Spain.
** Fairly common in European history. Kings of England claimed to be legitimate kings of France, on the basis of the claims that Hundred Years' War were fought over in the Middle Ages, until after the French Revolution was well under way. This included the Stuart predenders who were subsidized by the actual kings of France! Kings of Spain still claim the title "King of Jerusalem," as in the Kingdom of Jerusalem, established (and destroyed) during the Crusades.
* A man fled to the jungle during the 1969 "Football War" between El Salvador and Honduras. He finally "surrendered" to a group of lumberjacks he mistook for enemy soldiers more than 30 years later, telling them he was tired of running away. The saddest part is that the actual war lasted a total of ''four days''.
* During the UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses, Calais gained an infamous reputation for being The Remnant of whichever faction was out of power at the time. Calais itself became The Remnant of the British monarchy's attempts to rule in France, remaining an English possession for another hundred years after Joan of Arc and her buddies kicked the English out of the rest of France. For that matter, British monarchs [[TheArtifact continued styling themselves]] King/Queen of France well into the 18th Century.
* The Channel Islands are the last remnants of extensive English holdings in medieval France. The Queen of United Kingdom rules them to this day as the Duke (not the duchess) of Normandy, as did William the Conqueror a thousand years before.
* The Sicarii, Jewish rebels who occupied the fortress of Masada for years after the UsefulNotes/JewishRevolts had been put down. They were eventually besieged by the Romans, and committed mass suicide to avoid capture.
* When UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands fell during UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars, the trading outpost of Dejima suddenly found itself as the only place left where the Dutch flag flew. The fact that the Dutch outpost also happened to be off the coast of Nagasaki in Tokugawa-era Japan probably helped.
* Pre-skinhead-era neo-Nazis -- the kind who do not cut their hair and who embrace fascism as well as racism -- are (or were) an interesting case. They seem to understand that Hitler's war is long over and do not launch military maneuvers, or for that matter even behave all that violently. But they're still wearing the now horribly outdated ''Sturmabteilungen'' uniforms, and speak of Hitler as an almost immortal being.
* The Spanish garrison in Baler, Philippines bunkered in the local church and resisted the siege by Filipino forces until June 2, 1899, missing out the Spanish-American War completely.
* Hermann Detzner was a German engineer who surrendered to Australian forces in New Guinea on January 5, 1919, two months after Germany signed the Armistice of Compiègne and four years and four months after the Australians conquered the German colony's capital. Detzner claimed to have kept the fight, flying German colors and singing German hymns for the duration of the war, and as a result, to be the last remaining soldier of the German Empire. The Australians insisted that he was a harmless civilian and that they had known his whereabouts the entire time, however.
* Ottoman Lieutenant General Fakhri Pasha rejected the Armistice of Mudros and disobeyed all orders from the Ottoman government to surrender Medina, where he was besieged by Arab forces. After two months, he was arrested by his own troops and handed to the enemy on January 9, 1919, who kept him as a prisoner for two years. He immediately joined Atatürk's forces upon his release and fought against the invading Greek and French armies in the Turkish War of Independence.