[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/mohammad2_8935.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:300:Mohammad receiving his first revelation from the angel Gabriel. Painting in Jami' al-Tawarikh, 1300 C.E.]]
%%Do not change, remove or replace the illustration unless you are a moderator or there is a consensus. This is the compromise that most people seem to be able to agree on, and that the RealLife Muslims I have discussed this issue with are okay with.

(Peace Be Upon Him.)

The founder of Islam, ''as appearing or referenced in literature or the arts.''

Having had a huge impact on the history and cultural development of the world, Muhammad is one of the most interesting {{Historical Domain Character}}s to use in works. However, portraying Muhammad is often considered controversial, and thus portrayals of him tend to be about these controversies rather then about Muhammad himself. There are four such portrayal problems:

# Religious Taboos: Islam is very divided on portrayals in general and the prophet in particular. Some consider it haraam to portray (in text or image) any person at all, while others are okay with portraying any person, and yet others make an exception for Muhammad in one direction or the other.
# Freedom Of Speech Issues: Most of the Western world have enshrined laws that say ''anyone'' can be joked about, and ''anyone'' can be criticized, and the concept of "blasphemy" as a criminal charge no longer applies. In parts of the Muslim world, blasphemy is very real, and very punishable.
# Cultural Bullying Issues: Members of one group joking about something important to another group (in this case Muhammad to Muslims) can be perceived as offensive, even when the jokes are intended to be harmless.
# Hate-Speech Issues: The long, two-way history of hate-speech and violence by non-Muslims against Muslims, and by Muslims against non-Muslims, can make such portrayals very touchy for either side.

For more on these four issues, see [[Analysis/TheProphetMuhammad the analysis tab]].

The main sources on the life of Muhammad are the ''sira'' (prophetic biographies) and the hadith (sayings of Muhammad). Literature/TheQuran, in contrast, contains only little information on Muhammad and his life.

See also [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad the other wiki]], our own [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} Useful Notes on Islam]] and Literature/TheQuran.
----
!! Tropes found in works that deal with the Prophet Muhammad:

* BloodBrothers: Muslims are considered brothers (or sisters) in islam.
* TheChosenOne: Islam considers Muhammad the greatest and final prophet.
* CurbStompBattle: The battle of Badr was one-sided.
* InterruptedSuicide: A hadith relates that the ArchangelGabriel prevented him from suicide.
* JesusWasWayCool: Muhammad regarded {{Jesus}} as a holy man, a prophet of God, a wise teacher of morality and so on. He dismissed the idea that Jesus was God or son of God as UnwantedFalseFaith that didn't pop up until after Jesus died. Today, Islam still regard Jesus as second in holiness only to Muhammad himself.
* HeelFaceTurn: Umar and Abu Sufyan were opponents of Muhammad initially, before embracing Islam and becoming prominent figureheads of Islam.
* MayDecemberRomance: With Muhammed as the younger partner and his first wife as the older.
* OldManMarryingAChild: Very common in the culture Muhammad lived in, as well as in Europe of that age. While Muhammad's other wives were adults, almost all historians agree that Aisha was six when they married (and nine when they consummated it). The big problem with this marriage was that she was already engaged to another man at the time.
* SlaveLiberation: While he didn't outlaw slavery outright, Muhammad was famous for freeing slaves in various ways, including buying slaves for the purpose of freeing them.
* SoulsavingCrusader: Muhammad if you believe in Islam.
* SpellMyNameWithAnS: Due to different transliterations from the Arabic to the Latin alphabet, his name occurs as Muhammad, Mohammad, Muhammed, Mohamed, Mohammed, Mohamad, Muhamed, Muhammet or Muhamet. Historically, the somewhat garbled Mahomet(us) was also used in the Christian world.
* TrueCompanions: The ''Sahabah'' or Companions of the Prophet.
----
!! Works that feature the Prophet Muhammad:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* In one ''Carpe Diem'' strip, a psychologist lies stoned in his office. Stoned by rocks, not drugs. With faltering voice, he explain to a startled client that he was doing a Rorschach-test on his last client - who saw Muhammad, and thus felt obliged to stone him for showing the test. %% This "Carpe Diem" is a newspaper comic strip, not the webcomic (don't wikiword it).
* ''ComicBook/CartoonHistoryOfTheUniverse'' features him in the chapters about Islam and the Middle East, but author Larry Gonick never shows him, explaining why before the chapter and lampshading it during ("Where is brother Muhammad?" "In this comic, permanently off-panel!")
* ''ComicBook/ChickTracts'', being the ActivistFundamentalistAntics kind of work that it is, goes straight into the Type 4 tradition. It portrays him as a brigand, thug, devil-worshiping liar, pedophile and so on... Just like it does with all other non-Christian character... except for those up for EasyEvangelism, of course.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Film/MohammadMessengerOfGod'', 1976 film about the origins of Islam. Out of respect for Muslim prohibition on actually depicting Mohammed, his presence is indicated by light organ music, and his actual interaction in the story only through point-of-view shots of the action, from his point of view, with no dialogue. Words attributed to him are repeated by others in the story, such as his uncle and his adopted son. This consideration didn't stop a Muslim extremist group from staging a hostage-taking/siege in Washington D.C. in 1977 under the mistaken belief that Anthony Quinn actually played Mohammed in the film -- they threatened to blow up a D.C. building and its inhabitants unless (among other things) the film's opening was cancelled.
* The 1971 version of ''Music/JesusChristSuperstar'' ends with Judas asking Jesus about his life up there in heaven maybe together with Muhammed and Buddha.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''Jami' al-Tawarikh'' (literally ''Compendium of Chronicles'' but often referred to as ''The Universal History'' or ''History of the World''), by Rashid al-Din, published in Tabriz, Persia, 1307 CE: One of the many islamic works that contain drawings of Muhammad. See page illustration above for one of them.
* In ''The Jewel of Medina'', he's portrayed as a wise leader and also as a model husband to his wives in general and the protagonist Aisha in particular.
* ''Literature/TheDivineComedy'' stays within the hate speech tradition that was mandatory in Christian Europe back when it was written, portraying Muhammed as being tortured in Hell for preaching heresies.
* ''The Satanic Verses'' by Salman Rushdie has several dream sequences. One of them feature Muhammad as the protagonist, but in this version he's originally a prophet of polytheism before he changes his mind and becomes a prophet of monotheism instead. This portrayal is what led to the infamous fatwa by the Ayatollah Khomeini in 1989 saying it was the duty of Muslims to kill him for blasphemy.
* MaxFrei's standalone novel ''My Ragnarök'' features his AuthorAvatar as the reincarnation of Ali ibn Abi Talib who assists the BackFromTheDead Mohammed in facilitating the Last Judgment (in the name of Allah, of course). Along the way, the novel incorporates several other echatological myths into it (hence the title).

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Newspapers ]]

* Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten managed to mix all four portrayal problems into one big mess, by having a "draw the prophet" contest and publishing some quite racist contributions [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/7/75/Jyllands-Posten-pg3-article-in-Sept-30-2005-edition-of-KulturWeekend-entitled-Muhammeds-ansigt.png where Muhammad looked evil as well as grotesquely non-aryan]]. The issue was made much worse by two Danish imams (Islamic religious leaders) who started touring the Middle East showing not only the very worst of the drawings published in Jyllands-Posten but also fraudulently adding some even worse drawings and pretend that those had also been published in Jyllands-Posten. Violent worldwide ActivistFundamentalistAntics ensued, including attacks on Danish embassies.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* Appears as a character in the controversial browser game ''Faith Fighter'', with a meteor as a special move. The game has a "censured version", where the only difference is that Muhammed's face is censored.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* In ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'', he's a member of a team of superheroes, with the power of pyrokenesis. Jesus and Buddha are on the same team. Portrayal Problem #1 is redefined into a superpower. In one episode, Tom Cruise is trying to steal this superpower, so that ''he'' can be immune from getting depicted by the tabloids. Later, people forgot about this earlier portrayal by South Park and much controversy arose when they announced they were going to portray him again. Islamic extremist death threats and Comedy Central censoring their episode followed. Ironically the "portrayal" turned out not to show Muhammed at all (he was inside a bear suit).

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* The aforementioned Jyllands-Posten incident is alluded to in ''Webcomic/ScandinaviaAndTheWorld'' [[http://satwcomic.com/art/thumb/denmark-the-artist.jpg here]].

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Original ]]

* [[TheOtherWiki Wikipedia's]] page on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad Muhammad]] contain many beautiful Mohammad portraits painted by Muslims. The wiki also has a page on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Everybody_Draw_Mohammed_Day Everybody Draw Mohammed Day]]
* ''ZinniaJones'', with her analysis [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AIOESmTMstw The "please stop" utility exploit]] and her contribution: [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYBGY4nQrig ZINNIA JONES DRAWS THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD]]... [[spoiler:A friendly smiley with a turban.]]
----