->"We should do it again! [[MusicalEpisode This time, as a musical]]! Whadya say? [[AllMusicalsAreAdaptations We'll do all the same things]], except we'll break into spontaneous singing and choreography with [[InvisibleBackupBand no discernable music source]]!"\\
"Hmm. [[LampshadeHanging What assurance would we have that everyone else would also break into song and do the same thing?]]"\\
"I dunno. [[GenreSavvy I think they probably will]]."
-->-- '''''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb''''', "[[TitleTheAdaptation Rollercoaster The Musical]]"

A musical is any presentation in which a major part of the exposition and/or action comes through the medium of song (and often, but not necessarily, [[SummonBackupDancers dance as well]]). This sounds simple, but it has so many permutations that it is a loaded term for most people. For example, if you were to say that the only real difference between an {{Opera}} and a musical is in what theaters they're showing it in, expect vehement protests -- and yet, trying to come up with definitions that will perfectly separate one from the other is just about impossible. It doesn't help that musicals evolved directly out of opera--specifically the comic genre of "light" opera or operetta--and that many late-19th and early-20th century plays-with-singing could easily be classified as either. A prime example is the works of Creator/GilbertAndSullivan: at the time they were called operas (they didn't call the company and theatre G&S wrote for the D'Oyly Carte ''Opera'' Company playing at the Savoy ''Opera'' for nothing), but today they are often considered to be the earliest notable examples of musicals.

By far the most common perception of a musical is properly termed "musical theater", in which a play is performed with several songs interspersed at major plot points in the story. In the United States, these are most often associated with Broadway and Off-Broadway plays, and can be either original material or adapted from any number of sources (though adaptations are far more common than original musicals; see AllMusicalsAreAdaptations).

A distinction is made between "book musicals", in which songs are interspersed between chunks of spoken dialogue and action (the spoken dialogue being referred to as the "book"), and musicals that are "sung through" like an {{Opera}}, i.e. nearly every word is sung from curtain-up to curtain-down, with only occasional spoken lines.[[note]]Note that this is not actually true of Opera to begin with; some of Mozart's most celebrated operas have spoken dialogue, for example (like ''Theatre/TheMagicFlute'').[[/note]] ''Theatre/SweeneyToddTheDemonBarberOfFleetStreet'' and ''Theatre/GuysAndDolls'' are examples of book musicals; ''Theatre/{{Cats}}'' and ''Theatre/LesMiserables'' are sung through. Each variety has its advantages and disadvantages: with a sung through musical, there's the danger of having too much utterly mundane dialogue set to music in a way that draws the audience's attention to the blatant artificiality of the concept; with a book musical, the transitions from musical scenes to spoken dialogue and vice versa can be awkward and forced if they're not handled carefully.

In the West, musical films are often either [[AnimatedMusical animated]], like [[DisneyAnimatedCanon classic Disney films]], or adapted from [[{{Theater}} stage musicals]]. Film adaptations of stage musicals have to deal with two major issues:

* First, theatre is typically more forgiving of [[MilkingTheGiantCow grand, melodramatic gestures]], such as... well, bursting into song at highly emotional moments... that just look silly on film. Directors often deal with this by adding in some sort of frame story to justify all the singing (as in ''Film/{{Chicago}}'', where the songs are envisioned as taking place [[MusicalWorldHypotheses inside Roxie's head]]; the song "Class" had to be cut because there was no way to make it fit that scheme); alternatively, they can just go with the inherent high camp of the genre and hope they get away with it.
* Second, films have bigger budgets than stage plays and often need to have "big names" to make sure of having an audience to justify the budget -- but most Hollywood-standard "big names" can't carry a tune in a bucket. There was a time when the standard solution was to hire a ''real'' singer to [[{{Dubbing}} dub over]] the "name" (as, for instance, with NatalieWood being dubbed by Marni Nixon in ''Theatre/WestSideStory'' -- Nixon also dubbed Deborah Kerr in ''The King and I'' and Creator/AudreyHepburn in ''My Fair Lady''), but this has fallen out of favour -- with the result that many "musical" films are distinctly ''un''musical. The alternative solution of [[Main/NonActorVehicle hiring popular singers]] to play the roles brings with it the possibility that they can't act, which can be equally painful to watch.

There's also the problem that film and theater are very different media (as are television and film) and there are important differences that don't always translate well:

* Film can zoom in and pan out to control the audience's focus. Theatre controls this with dialogue and blocking (how actors and props are positioned). No less a luminary than StephenSondheim has said that one reason why it's hard to adapt a stage musical to film is that in film a close-up can tell you everything that a song can -- so why bother with the song?
* Film is image driven, where theater is dialogue driven. Film can have little or no dialogue and tell the story with pictures; theater can have very little physical movement and tell the story with verbal images.
* Theater can be effective with very sparse or abstract sets, movies demand detailed and authentic backgrounds.
* Singing well requires the sort of physical movement and concentration that, on film, looks like [[LargeHam overacting]].

However, film and theater have one thing in common: you get 90 minutes of butt time, and if you run longer than that, you'd BETTER be good.

The movie/musical adaptation cycle goes both ways, with many Broadway musicals nowadays being based on films -- the reasoning being that if it's already been a success in one medium, it's less of a risk -- and the musical versions of the films then being adapted and returning to celluloid again (e.g. ''Film/TheProducers'', ''Hairspray'', ''Theatre/LittleShopOfHorrors'').

There's also a new trend of the JukeboxMusical; adapting a musical play or film from the existing catalog of a musical artist, when the songs therein might not have anything to do with each other. ''MammaMia'' (adapted from Music/{{ABBA}}), ''MovinOut'' (adapted from Music/BillyJoel), and ''Film/AcrossTheUniverse'' (adapted from Music/TheBeatles) are just a few examples. ''MoulinRouge'', which didn't stick to one artist but repurposed a few decades of pop music, was likely a trend-setter here. Of course, this technique [[OlderThanTheyThink goes back a ways]]--''Film/SinginInTheRain'' reused older songs--and prolific composers would often take songs from their less-successful shows and reuse them in new productions. For example, Creator/GilbertAndSullivan took the song, "Climbing Over Rocky Mountain" from their nigh-forgotten first collaboration, ''Thespis'', and recycled it in ''ThePiratesOfPenzance'' with minor changes in the lyrics.

The RockOpera is an especially popular variant which may be [[ConceptAlbum album-based]] in origin.

Since far more people can see a Hollywood film than a Broadway musical (even one that runs for years), films adapting stage musicals are especially prone to AdaptationDisplacement. It is very rare in the West for live-action musical films to be original, rather than adaptations.

In the Indian Hindi-language film industry known colloquially as {{Bollywood}}, musicals are the default genre. Japan has {{Takarazuka}}, among other classes of stage theater.

Generally considered to be strongly related to or descended from {{Opera}}. See also its bastard cousin, OnIce.

When this is incorporated into a TV show, see MusicalEpisode. A frequent sufferer of TitleTheAdaptation, probably because AllMusicalsAreAdaptations.

Arguably, any non-fantasy musical could be considered an example of MagicRealism.

If you were wondering just [[SorryILeftTheBGMOn where all that singing]] was coming from, see MusicalWorldHypotheses. Compare HollywoodDarkness, MusicalusInterruptus.

''For a list of tropes related to Musical Drama and Songs you get to sing, see '''MusicalNumberIndex.'''''
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!!Examples
[[index]]
* ''[[Film/EightMile 8 Mile]]''
* ''Series/TwentyFour''
* ''Theatre/TheTwentyFifthAnnualPutnamCountySpellingBee''
* ''[[Film/FortySecondStreet 42nd Street]]''
* ''Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix''
* ''Film/AcrossTheUniverse'' (Music/TheBeatles)
* ''Theatre/TheAddamsFamily''
* ''Theatre/TheAdventuresOfTomSawyer''
* ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Alice}}''
* ''Allegro''
* ''Theatre/AllShookUp''
* ''Theatre/AltarBoyz''
* ''Music/AmericanIdiot''
* ''Film/AnAmericanInParis''
* ''Literature/AmericanPsycho''
* ''Film/AnchorsAweigh''
* ''Theatre/AnimalCrackers''
* ''Theatre/{{Annie}}'', based on the classic [[ComicStrip/LittleOrphanAnnie newspaper comic strip]].
* ''Theatre/AnnieGetYourGun''
* ''Theatre/AnyoneCanWhistle''
* ''Theatre/AnythingGoes''
* ''Applause''
* ''The Apple Tree''
* ''Theatre/AspectsOfLove''
* ''Theatre/{{Assassins}}''
* ''Film/AtLongLastLove'', one of the most notorious flops in movie history.
* ''Theatre/{{Atlantis}}''
* ''Theatre/AvenueQ''
* ''Theatre/BackToTheEighties''
* ''Film/TheBandWagon''
* ''Theatre/BareAPopOpera''
* ''Theatre/BatmanTheMusical''
* ''WebVideo/TheBatterysDown''
* ''Theatre/TheBeatlesLOVE''
* ''Disney/BeautyAndTheBeast''
* ''Theatre/BellsAreRinging''
* ''Film/TheBestLittleWhorehouseInTexas''
* ''Theatre/BigBad''
* ''Big River''
* ''Film/BillAndTed[='s=] Excellent Musical Adventure''
* ''Film/BillyElliot''
* ''Theatre/BloodBrothers''
* ''Theatre/BloodyBloodyAndrewJackson''
* ''The Bonesetter's Daughter'', the (Chinese/American) opera.
* ''Bonnie and Clyde'', which was ''not'' adapted from the well-known [[Film/BonnieAndClyde film]].
* ''Theatre/TheBookOfMormon''
* ''The Boy from Oz''
* ''The Boys from Syracuse''
* ''Theatre/BranNueDae''
* ''Theatre/{{Brigadoon}}''
* ''Film/BringItOn: The Musical''
* ''Film/BugsyMalone''
* ''Theatre/ByeByeBirdie''
* ''Theatre/{{Cabaret}}''
* ''Theatre/LaCageAuxFolles''
* ''Film/CalamityJane''
* ''Theatre/{{Camelot}}''
* ''Film/CannibalTheMusical''
* ''Film/CarmenJones''
* ''Theatre/{{Carousel}}''
* ''Literature/{{Carrie}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Cats}}'', until 2006 the longest-running show on Broadway.
* ''Theatre/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory''
** As well as the film ''Film/WillyWonkaAndTheChocolateFactory''
* ''Theatre/{{Chess}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Chicago}}''
* ''Theatre/ChildrenOfEden''
* ''Film/ChittyChittyBangBang''
* ''Theatre/AChorusLine''
* ''Literature/AChristmasCarol'' has at least three, including ''Film/{{Scrooge 1970}}'', ''Film/TheMuppetChristmasCarol'', and the 1994 Madison Square Garden musical, which recieved a TV film adaptation in 2004 ''Film/AChristmasCarolTheMusical''
* ''Film/{{Cinderella}}''
* ''Theatre/CityOfAngels''
* ''The Cocoanuts''
* ''Theatre/{{Company}}''
* ''CrazyForYou''
* ''Film/CreatingRemLezar''
* ''Theatre/DamnYankees''
* ''Film/DancerInTheDark''
* ''Film/DarlingLili''
* ''Film/TheDevilsCarnival''
* ''Theatre/DiscoInferno''
* ''WebVideo/{{Doppelganger}}''
* ''[[WesternAnimation/{{Doug}} Doug Live!]]''
* ''DrHorriblesSingAlongBlog''
* ''[[Theatre/DraculaALoveStrongerThanDeath Dracula: A Love Stronger Than Death]]''
* ''Theatre/{{Dreamgirls}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Drood}}''
* ''Theatre/TheDrowsyChaperone''
* ''Film/{{Elf}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Elisabeth}}''
* ''VideoGame/EpicMickey2ThePowerOfTwo'', a bit of a weird example in that it's a video game, and all the songs are sung by the BigBad.
* ''Film/EveryoneSaysILoveYou''
* ''Music/{{Evita}}''
* ''Film/{{Fame}}''
* ''Theatre/TheFantasticks'', off-Broadway but tops both ''Cats'' and ''Phantom'' with its 42-year run.
* ''Theatre/FiddlerOnTheRoof''
** ''ShoggothOnTheRoof'', a parody of the above
* ''Theatre/FiniansRainbow''
* ''Fiorello!''
* ''Theatre/TheFix''
* ''FlowerDrumSong''
* ''Film/FlyingDownToRio''
* ''Theatre/{{Follies}}''
* ''Film/FootlightParade''
* ''Theatre/ForbiddenBroadway'', the {{Troperiffic}} ever-changing parody revue of classic and contemporary Broadway.
* ''WesternAnimation/FreaknikTheMusical''
* ''Disney/{{Frozen}}''
* ''Film/FunnyFace''
* ''Theatre/FunnyGirl''
* ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum''
* ''Literature/GentlemenPreferBlondes''
* ''Theatre/AGentlemansGuideToLoveAndMurder''
* ''Film/{{Gigi}}''
* ''Film/GodHelpTheGirl''
* ''Theatre/{{Godspell}}''
* ''Film/GoldDiggersOf1933''
* ''Good Vibrations''
** ''Surf'', a BeachBoys JukeboxMusical in Las Vegas
* ''Film/{{Grease}}''
** ''Film/{{Grease 2}}''
* ''Theatre/GuysAndDolls''
* ''Theatre/{{Gypsy}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Hair}}'', the original ''Tribal Love [[RockOpera Rock Musical]]''
* ''Film/{{Hairspray}}''
* ''Hallelujah, Baby!''
* ''{{Theatre/Heathers}}''
* ''Theatre/HelloDolly''
* ''Film/HighSchoolMusical''
* ''Film/HighSociety''
* ''Film/HolidayInn''
* ''Theatre/HolyMusicalBatman''
* ''Theatre/{{Honk}}''
* ''HowToSucceedInBusinessWithoutReallyTrying.''
* ''WebVideo/HumanCentipedeTheMusical''
* ''Disney/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame''
** And the unrelated French production ''Theatre/NotreDameDeParis''
* ''I Can Get It for You Wholesale''
* ''Theatre/IfThen''
* ''Theatre/IMarriedAnAngel''
* ''I'm Sorry the Bridge Is Out, You'll Have to Spend the Night''
* ''InTheHeights''
* ''Theatre/IntoTheWoods''
* ''Theatre/JekyllAndHyde''
* ''Music/JacquesBrel Is Alive And Well And Living In Paris''
* ''JerrySpringer: The Opera''
* ''Theatre/JerseyBoys'', a musical biography of Music/FrankieValliAndTheFourSeasons
* ''Music/JesusChristSuperstar''
* ''Theatre/JosephAndTheAmazingTechnicolorDreamcoat''
* ''[[http://www.jumpmanmusical.com/ Jump Man - A Mario Musical]]'': [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin based on]], of all things, the [[Franchise/SuperMarioBros Mario Bros.]] characters. Actually sold out its entire first run and won a Best Musical award when it premiered at the 2014 NY Fringe Festival.
* ''Music/JunoAndAvos''
* ''Theatre/KeatingTheMusical'', based on the life and times of Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating
* ''Theatre/TheKingAndI''
* ''{{Kismet}}''
* ''Theatre/KissMeKate''
* ''Literature/KissOfTheSpiderWoman''
* ''Theatre/KnickerbockerHoliday''
* ''Theatre/TheLastFiveYears''
* ''Theatre/LegallyBlonde'', based on the [[Film/LegallyBlonde movie of the same name]].
* ''Film/LeMillion''
* ''TheLikesOfUs'', a musical based on the true story of Thomas Barnardo, who founded homes for destitute children during the Victorian Era.
* ''Theatre/LilAbner''
* ''Theatre/LiliumShoujoJunketsuKageki''
* ''Theatre/TheLionKing''
* ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid''
* ''Film/LittleMissSunshine''
* ''Theatre/ALittleNightMusic''
* ''Theatre/LittleShopOfHorrors''
* ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'', the ''opera''.
* ''Mack & Mabel''
* ''Theatre/{{Majora}}''
* ''Mame'', a musical adaptation of ''Literature/AuntieMame''
* ''MammaMia!'' (Music/{{ABBA}})
* ''Theatre/ManOfLaMancha''
* ''Theatre/MaratSade''
* ''MartinGuerre''
* ''Film/MaryPoppins''
* ''Theatre/{{Matilda}}''
* ''Me and Juliet''
* ''Film/MeetMeInStLouis''
* ''{{Memphis}}, A New Musical''
* ''MerrilyWeRollAlong''
* ''Theatre/{{Midnight Channel The Musical}}'', a fan-produced adaptation of Persona 4.
* ''Theatre/LesMiserables'', the longest-running musical in the world, bar none - it's been running in London's West End since ''1985''.
* ''Film/{{Marianne}}''
* ''Minnie's Boys'', [[VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory about how]] the Marx Brothers became the MarxBrothers.
* ''MissSaigon''
* ''Theatre/TheMostHappyFella''
* ''MoulinRouge'', a SettingUpdate of Verdi's ''Theatre/LaTraviata'', based on the younger Creator/AlexandreDumas's ''La Dame aux Camelias''.
* ''MovinOut'' (Music/BillyJoel)
* ''Theatre/MozartLOperaRock''
* ''[[WesternAnimation/MagicAdventuresOfMumfie Mumfie's Quest]]''
* All movies featuring TheMuppets
* ''Theatre/TheMusicMan''
* ''The Musical of Musicals''
* ''Theatre/MyFairLady''
* ''Film/MyWeekWithMarilyn'' (one song at the end)
* ''[[Theatre/NatashaPierreAndTheGreatCometOf1812 Natasha, Pierre, and the Great Comet of 1812]]''
* ''Theatre/{{Nerds}}''
* ''Film/NewYorkNewYork''
* ''Film/{{Newsies}}''
* ''Theatre/NextToNormal''
* ''Theatre/{{Nine}}'', based on Felini's ''8 1/2''
* ''[[Film/MontyPythonsLifeOfBrian Not the Messiah (He's a Very Naughty Boy)]]''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheNightmareBeforeChristmas''
* ''Theatre/NowHereThis''
* ''Theatre/{{Nunsense}}''
* ''OfTheeISing''
* ''Theatre/{{Oklahoma}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Oliver}}'', adapted from ''Literature/OliverTwist''
* ''AudioPlay/{{Omaha}}''
* ''Theatre/OnAClearDayYouCanSeeForever''
* ''Theatre/OnTheTown''
* ''Film/{{Once}}''
* ''Theatre/OnceOnThisIsland''
* ''Theatre/OnceUponAMattress''
* ''OnceUponATimeInNewJersey''
* ''Theatre/PaintYourWagon''
* ''Theatre/ThePajamaGame''
* ''Pal Joey'', notable for introducing the first Broadway AntiHero.
* ''Theatre/{{Parade}}''
* ''PassingStrange''
* ''Theatre/{{Passion}}''
* ''PenniesFromHeaven''
* ''Theatre/PeterPan''
* ''Les Parapluies de Cherbourg'' (''The Umbrellas of Cherbourg'')
* ''Theatre/ThePhantomOfTheOpera''
** ''Theatre/LoveNeverDies''
* ''PhoenixWrightMusicalProject''
* ''Theatre/{{Pippin}}''
* ''The Pirate Queen''.
* ''Theatre/PokemonLive!''.
* ''Theatre/PokemonTheMewsical''
* ''Film/{{Popeye}}''
* ''PriscillaQueenOfTheDesert''
* ''Theatre/ThePrinceOfTennis''
* ''Film/TheProducers''
* ''[[Theatre/PromisesPromises Promises, Promises]]''
* ''Literature/{{Ragtime}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/ReallyRosie''
* ''Film/ReeferMadness: The Musical''
* ''Theatre/{{Rent}}'', a loose SettingUpdate of the opera ''LaBoheme'' as a {{Grunge}} RockOpera.
* ''RepoTheGeneticOpera''
* ''Theatre/ReturnToTheForbiddenPlanet''
* ''Theatre/RockOfAges''
* ''Theatre/{{Rocky}}''
* ''Film/TheRockyHorrorPictureShow''
* ''Theatre/TheScarletPimpernel''
* ''The Scottsboro Boys''
* ''Theatre/SeraMyu''
* ''Theatre/{{Seussical}}''
* ''Film/SevenBridesForSevenBrothers''
* ''Film/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand''
* ''SheLovesMe''
* ''Shlomo Hameleh Veshalmai Hasandlar''[[/index]] (King Solomon and Shalmai The Shoemaker) is a combination between a biblical version of ''Literature/ThePrinceAndThePauper'', and ''Ecclesiastes - the Musical''.
* [[index]]''ShowBoat'', created by Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein in 1927, is often seen as the first modern musical, although the innovative ideas it introduced (most prominently the idea of incorporating the book into the plot to provide a logical justification for the songs) didn't really become par for course until RodgersAndHammerstein created ''{{Oklahoma}}!'' in 1942.
* ''Franchise/{{Shrek}}''
* ''Theatre/SideShow''
* ''Silence! The Musical'', based on ''Literature/TheSilenceOfTheLambs''.
* ''Music/TheSilentCity''
* ''Film/SinginInTheRain''
* ''Film/TheSlipperAndTheRose''
* ''Theatre/{{Sonny}}''
* ''Theatre/TheSoundOfMusic''
* ''Theatre/SouthPacific''
* ''WesternAnimation/SouthParkBiggerLongerAndUncut''
* ''Theatre/{{Spamalot}}'', based on ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail'', which gleefully parodies many of the tropes of Broadway musicals.
* ''Theatre/SpringAwakening''
* ''Film/AStarIsBorn'' (1954 version)
* ''Theatre/StarlightExpress''
* ''Film/StateFair''
* ''Film/{{Stilyagi}}''
* ''Subways Are for Sleeping''
* ''Theatre/SundayInTheParkWithGeorge''
* ''Film/SunsetBoulevard''
* ''Theatre/SweeneyToddTheDemonBarberOfFleetStreet''
* ''Theatre/SweetCharity'', based on Fellini's ''Nights of Cabiria''
* ''Theatre/TanzDerVampire''
* ''Disney/{{Tarzan}}''
* ''Film/TenaciousDInThePickOfDestiny''
* ''Theatre/{{Thirteen}}''
* ''ThoroughlyModernMillie''
* ''Theatre/TickTickBoom''
* ''Titanic'', which surprisingly is ''not'' based on the [[Film/{{Titanic}} hit film]] from the same year.
* ''Theatre/TitleOfShow''
* ''Film/TopHat''
* ''TotalDramaWorldTour''
* ''Theatre/TripodVersusTheDragon'', based on ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons''.
* ''{{Theatre/Urinetown}}''
* ''AVeryPotterMusical'' and its sequels.
* ''Viva Elvis''
* ''Film/WereTheWorldMine''
* ''Theatre/WestSideStory'', another loose SettingUpdate of Creator/{{Shakespeare}}'s ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet''.
* ''Theatre/WeWillRockYou'' (based on the music of Music/{{Queen}})
* ''Theatre/WhenMidnightStrikes''
* ''Theatre/{{Wicked}}''
* ''Theatre/WitchesTheMusical''
* ''Literature/TheWildParty'', two unrelated adaptations of the same poem, by Michael John [=LaChiusa=] and Andrew Lippa.
* In addition to the well-known [[Film/TheWizardOfOz 1939 musical film]] and its {{screen to stage adaptation}}s, there was a Broadway musical of L. Frank Baum's ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' that predated the film by three decades.
* ''Theatre/TheWiz''
* ''Film/{{Xanadu}}''
* ''Series/XPlay: [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPPY8yQD3uA The Musical]]''
* ''Film/YankeeDoodleDandy''
* ''Film/{{Yentl}}''
* ''Theatre/AYearWithFrogAndToad''
* ''Film/YoungFrankenstein''
* ''[[ComicStrip/{{Peanuts}} You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown]]'', which in turn was adapted as an animated TV special.
* ''Yoshimi Battles the Pink Robots'', based on the album by Musical/TheFlamingLips with selections from their other albums.
* ''Theatre/ZannaDont''
[[/index]]
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