->''"The last man on Earth sat alone in a room. There was a knock on the door."''
-->-- '''FredricBrown''', ''Knock''

Whenever there is but [[TheAloner a single living soul left on Earth]] in an AfterTheEnd scenario, we know that no matter how lonely it seems, there will '''always''' be other people left on Earth. Or perhaps zombies. Or a helpful dog. There always are. When it comes to exceptions, there are next to none. And even better: They are somewhere relatively close to him, and will run into him, despite the fact that Earth (or even a major city) is a [[SciFiWritersHaveNoSenseOfScale pretty big place]] and it should be [[FridgeLogic unbelievably easy to miss each other]]; generally, however, the second party is making an active effort to find the first, and such [[HandWave handwaves]] as "I tracked your radio" emerge in short order.

The reason this trope exists, of course, is to take the burden off a single actor. For the most part, stories focused on a single person who never encounters others are ''boring'' unless that person is an excellent actor (or the writer is brilliant) - it's interaction that makes for entertainment. Plus, it opens up more potential for conflict, often called the driving force of fiction.

See also ThereIsAnother, LonelyTogether.
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!!Examples:

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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* In obscure doujinshi series ''MythicQuest'' this is [[spoiler: averted in the Empty Earth arc. Anaya really is the sole human left in the dimension of Earth.]] There are eventually robots powered back up and AIs, though.

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[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* In the comic ''Kingdom'', it appears all humans have been wiped out, until we discover that there are living populations (albeit frozen ones) in Antarctica and possibly New Zealand.
* ''YTheLastMan'' is both an aversion (Yorrick is the [[DepopulationBomb last male mammal]] besides his monkey, but there's still [[LadyLand plenty of women]]) and a ZigZaggingTrope. It turns out there are three astronauts aboard the International Space Station, including two men... but an equipment malfunction kills the men on reentry... but the surviving woman is pregnant with a baby boy. Later, Yorrick goes to Japan and stumbles upon another man... but it's actually a fairly lifelike robot. [[spoiler: Then he meets Dr. Mann's father, and incorrectly believes it's another robot.]]

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[[folder: Film ]]

* ''TheQuietEarth'' was advertised as a drama concerning the last man left on Earth, and how he copes with his loneliness. (Not well.) Of course, less than halfway through the film he meets another survivor, and another soon after...
* ''Film/IAmLegend''. In the 2007 film, Creator/WillSmith's character is discovered by two survivors, a woman and a young boy. And later, an entire town of survivors pops up.
** Justified by the fact that he had a radio broadcast playing 24/7 saying exactly where he would be at exactly what time, if anyone wanted to bother coming for him.
* A rare example that is far from AfterTheEnd: In the film ''{{Film/Moon}}'', [[spoiler:we spend the first half of the film thinking that Sam has gone insane due to loneliness. It later turns out that there are thousands of clones on the moon]].
* In ''Film/{{Zombieland}}'', we're not really sure if Columbus is the last non-infected human alive. He doesn't seem to be clear on it either. [[spoiler:He's not.]]
* ''Film/TwentyEightDaysLater'' is another zombie film that starts with one man thinking he's the only one left alive and staggering around a deserted city. It gets worse once the sun went down, naturally.
** ''Film/TheDayOfTheTriffids'' also starts out this way.
* ''Film/NightOfTheComet'': After they find a radio station, Samantha starts broadcasting to no one in particular, just for the hell of it. Suddenly, the "call" light goes off. [[spoiler: The caller turns out not to be as friendly as they let on.]]
** At the end, Regina admonishes Samantha for crossing the road without looking both ways. Samantha defiantly stomps to the middle of the street, screaming that no one is left in the city, but is interrupted by a speeding vehicle bearing down on her. The driver, a young male, stops to apologize and warns her to look both ways when she crosses the street.

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* A slight variation of this trope, and possibly an UrExample, is in ''Literature/RobinsonCrusoe''. While he's not the last man on earth, Crusoe has been all alone on a deserted island for some twenty-odd years when he comes across a man's footprint in the sand. He knows it's not his. It's a genuinely creepy moment and loaded with ParanoiaFuel, but ultimately paves the way for the introduction of Friday.
* In "[[http://tinyurl.com/ybq8bov The Silent Towns]]", one of RayBradbury's Martian stories, a man thinks he's the last human on Mars, but discovers - much to his displeasure - that he isn't.
* Averted in ''[[{{Discworld/Eric}} Eric]]''. Since the last man on earth is, in fact, Death, he knows full well that no one's left. However, new matter begins to, very slowly, create itself, and he prepares himself to wait the billions of years necessary until he'll be needed again.
* FredricBrown's short story "Knock" begins by quoting in full a short story that has become known as the world's shortest horror story:
-->''"The last man on Earth sat alone in a room. There was a knock on the door."''
** Which was shortened by one letter to create something even creepier:
-->''"The last man on Earth sat alone in a room. There was a lock on the door."''
** This is quoted by Creator/{{Guillermo del Toro}} in ''OneHundredScariestMovieMoments'', when talking about ''Film/TheHaunting1963''.
* The science-fiction short story ''[[http://rametzger.com/shadow.htm In the Shadow of Bones]]'' is eventually shown to be an example. [[spoiler: And then the trope is subverted...]]
* M.P. Shiel's 1901 novel ''The Purple Cloud'' has a man believing himself to be the sole survivor after the title phenomenon seemingly kills off all other human and animal life on earth, but he eventually discovers a young woman has also survived the catastrophe.
** This story was updated and adapted for the 1959 film ''The World, the Flesh, and the Devil''.
* Mau in ''{{Nation}}'' starts out thinking he's the last man alive, and almost throws himself into the sea until Daphne stops him. As the novel continues more and more people turn up until the eponymous nation is established.
* ''Literature/TheBriefHistoryOfTheDead'' is a rare example of a story that averts this, sort of. There is only one person ALIVE in the whole world (a researcher in Antarctica, everyone else having been killed off by an extremely deadly virus), but the story alternates between her and the thousand or so people in the City (the place everyone goes after they die until no one remembers them any more) who are kept there by her memory of them.
* PlayedWith in ''TheChroniclesOfNarnia''--[[GodSaveUsFromTheQueen Jadis]] really ''is'' the [[LastOfHisKind last person in her world]] after [[spoiler:using the Deplorable Word to wipe out all other life]]. However, there are ''other'' worlds, so she puts herself into a magical sleep until someone wakes her up by ringing a magic bell.
* Mentioned in ''WorldWarZ''. While most of the narrators were part of a group during the ZombieApocalypse, they tell of encountering LMOE's, 'Last Man On Earth' who assumed that they were the only humans left and did not always take well to the army coming to drive the zombies back.

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* [[Series/DoctorWho The Doctor]] isn't the last ''man'' on ''Earth'', but he is the last of his kind. Except he isn't. And then he is again. [[spoiler: Opinions vary on whether River Song counts as one of his kind. She's part Time Lord, but didn't come from his planet.]]
** "The Time of the Doctor" has established that [[spoiler: there are other Time Lords, but they're stuck in an alternate dimension]]
* ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'', "Projections." The Emergency Medical Hologram is activated and told by the computer that he's the last person on the ship. As this is still early in the show and he's stuck in Sickbay, he prepares to shut down his program, but suddenly there's a knock at the door.
* ''Series/RedDwarf'' makes this the whole premise of a sitcom. On a mining ship in deep space, a radiation leak kills everyone except one man in a temporal-stasis-field prison cell. He wakes up three million years later, [[EverybodysDeadDave utterly alone]]. Except for the ship's computer. And a hologram of the one member of the crew he really dislikes. And a humanoid creature that evolved from his cat. And, later, a robot butler. And an alternate-universe version of his ex-girlfriend...
* Done literally in ''TheSarahJaneAdventures'' episode "The Empty Planet"; when Rani wakes up and finds out she's alone, she checks the neighboring houses for other people with no luck. As she's searching for a working TV signal, there's a knock on the front door... which turns out to be her best friend Clyde. Played closer to the spirit of the trope later, when they run across a stranger who was also left behind, then a pair of killer robots... Rani and Clyde are still on the planet because the Judoon grounded them earlier in the series, and said stranger is [[spoiler:the reason everyone but him got moved off the planet.]]
* On ''Series/TheXFiles'', Mulder once asked a genie for "peace on Earth", only to [[JackassGenie find himself the only person left on a vacant planet]]. Fortunately, while there weren't any other humans, the ''genie'' was still around to hear him revoke his wish.
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[[folder: Music ]]

* In the last verse of Creator/BennyHill's (Yes, [[Series/TheBennyHillShow that Benny Hill]]) song "What a World" the last man on Earth throws himself off the Empire State Building, and as he's falling he hears a telephone ring.

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/FragileDreamsFarewellRuinsOfTheMoon'' starts with Seto burying the only person alive he's ever know, setting off on a epic quest to find any form of life. Somewhat ruined by the fact he finds a girl wandering around almost immediately.
* ''VideoGame/{{Bastion}}'' starts this way, but rather quickly subverts it, though it takes a while for the true scope of the disaster to be understood.
* In ''Videogame/{{Left 4 Dead 2}}'s'' aptly named "Last Man On Earth" mode, you are supposedly the last survivor left (even the "normal" infected have somehow disappeared), although each of the rescue vehicle pilots (and gun store owner) are all still there.

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[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague'', Superman is seemingly vaporized and arrives on a strange planet with no intelligent life. [[EarthAllAlong Turns out]] it's a BadFuture in which [[spoiler: Vandal Savage]] was, until Superman came in, the last person on Earth [[spoiler: after inadvertently killing everyone else]].

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