The Ken Burns Effect is a camera technique that allows the filmmaker to retain some visual interest when all there is to work with is a static image. The camera focuses on part of the image, then slowly pans over it, optionally zooming slowly in or out as it does so. This can be used to slowly reveal details in the case of panning or zooming out, or focusing attention on specific details in the case of zooming in.

If you want to get fancy, slide multiple cells across each other at different speeds to simulate MotionParallax and give the illusion of depth.

This technique is most frequently used in documentaries (where period photographs may be the only visuals, aside from TalkingHeads, the filmmaker has to work with) and in LimitedAnimation (where one fancy painting can fill in for a hundred or more cells of real animation). In one context, this effect wins awards; in the other, it draws cries of "LazyArtist!" Go figure.

[[TropeNamer The technique is named after]] documentary filmmaker Creator/KenBurns, who used it extensively in ''TheCivilWar'' and other documentaries. Creator/KenBurns himself credits Jerome Liebling and the 1957 National Film Board of Canada documentary ''City of Gold'' as his inspirations for the technique.

----
!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Documentaries]]
* ''Film/NineEleven'', the accidental documentary made when two French filmmakers were on the scene for the attack on the World Trade Center in 2001, uses this when showing a still photo of a chaplain's dead body being taken out of the WTC.
* ''Film/ForAllMankind'', a documentary about the Apollo missions to the Moon, uses this when showing photos of the Earth and Moon.
* The PBS documentary series ''Secrets of the Dead'' both pans and zooms when showing still photos and images, in classic Creator/KenBurns style.
* ''American Experience'', another PBS documentary series, also uses this technique.
* UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy assassination documentaries:
** ''Four Days in November'', a 1964 theatrical release, uses this when showing stills.
** ''The Lost JFK Tapes: The Assassination'', a collection of archival footage and news coverage from Nov. 22, 1963 (originally produced in 2009 for the National Geographic Channel), uses The Ken Burns Effect a lot, especially when playing radio bulletins over still photos.
* ''Series/ClassicAlbums'': The camera will zoom in on still pictures or details of the album covers.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Non-documentary examples]]

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''Anime/DotHackSign'' uses the LimitedAnimation variant of this trope.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* The last reel of silent film ''Film/SadieThompson'' has been lost due to decay of the negative. When Kino released the film on DVD, they included a "restored" ending that used still pictures from the set along with the original dialogue. The DVD employs the Ken Burns Effect, panning and zooming to make the still pictures more lively.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action Television ]]

* The season 3 episode of ''Series/{{Community}}'' titled [[Recap/CommunityS3E14PillowsAndBlankets "Pillows and Blankets"]] uses this camera technique to full effect - fittingly enough, since it's a parody of Creator/KenBurns documentaries (especially ''The Civil War'').
* Used in several episodes of ''Series/{{Spaced}}'', with comics (instead of photographs) telling the story.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/WarThunder'' has this on the loading screens, but with the panning controlled by the user's mouse.
* ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'' does this with its fight-scene artwork but using faster and more dramatic camera effects than the typical occurrence of this trope.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Media ]]

* ''WebVideo/AtopTheFourthWall'' uses this to show panels from the reviewed comics.
* This [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1KEey5UNpvU video about a scoring technique]] for a homebrew clone of the video game ''VideoGame/{{Lumines}}'' uses pans and zooms over static images from 0:24 to 1:17 when telling the story behind the clone. An [[PopUpTrivia annotation on the video]] points this out: "interestingly enough, Creator/{{kenburns}}-style zoom effects like this make the titles in front *more* readable"
** In fact, this effect is quite common on YouTube. If you are uploading an audio recording but lack an accompanying video (for example, a song without a music video), you need some kind of video to go along with an audio. Many YouTube videos use the Ken Burns Effect to pan and zoom still pictures while the audio plays. See [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s3Nq48sHF8M this video]] (of an old Linda Ronstadt tune) for an example.
* ''WebVideo/UltraFastPony'': The episode "Time" is a parody of documentaries, so the opening and closing scenes feature extensive panning and zooming over still images.
* Parodied (along with many other Burns stylistic tics) by Burns himself in "[[http://youtu.be/3UPRwXXeR0k Ken Burns' In-depth Eugene Mirman Profile]]".
[[/folder]]

----