[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/hashshashin_3243.jpg]]
''[[caption-width-right:350:Medieval depiction of the Hashshashin.]]''

The Hashshashin were an Islamic community in UsefulNotes/TheMiddleEast around the time of TheCrusades, who both [[TropeNamer named]] and [[TropeCodifier codified]] the [[ProfessionalKiller Assassin]] archetype, though only a few know to what extent their image has been {{Flanderized}} since then.

Originally they were an esoteric {{Islam}}ic {{cult}}--usually classified as a radical offshoot of the Isma'ili sect of Shi'a Islam--founded by Hassan-i Sabbah, who was born of a Twelver Family, who had converted to Isma'ili, and then later broke off from them to form Nizariyya, an Isma'ili offshoot. They were a society of [[TropeNamer assassins]] operating from the mountain fortress [[SupervillainLair Alamut]] and terrorizing the region's rulers with their attacks. Despite their fearsome reputation, the Hashshashin were said to be [[WouldNotShootACivilian quite friendly towards common folk]], since their killings were actually carefully targeted and planned, rather than random acts of violence. Their name stems from their use of hashish -- allegedly, the recruits were drugged with hashish--the term ''hashish''[[note]]Which originally meant "grass" in Arabic--stoners everywhere think alike[[/note]] is the source of the name--led to a paradisiacal garden, [[{{Fanservice}} full of lush greenery and beautiful women]] (supposedly a glimpse of the Islamic paradise), and then told that only the "Old Man of the Mountain" had the means to let them return (i.e. if they died as martyrs), which resulted in [[BrainwashedAndCrazy their fanatical devotion]]. There is no historical evidence whatsoever of hashish being used for anything else but medicinal usages, and the connotation of the Assassins being drug-addicts was given to them by their enemies and by polemicists who were seeking to discredit the Assassins and the Nizari. Their downfall came when [[MuggingTheMonster one of their strikes reached]] [[AlwaysABiggerFish the Mongols]], who razed Alamut during their conquest of Persia.

In fiction, TheKnightsTemplar are often positioned as the {{Rival}}s and [[ArchNemesis Arch-Nemeses]] of the Hashshashin (and the two are often found alongside each other in {{Conspiracy Kitchen Sink}}s); this can be quite frustrating to people who know the region's history, since Crusaders--though not necessarily the Templars themselves--were often ''allies'' of the Shia Assassins, since they shared a common enemy (i.e. the Sunni Turkish and to a lesser extent Kurdish and Arab lords who ruled the region, including Zengi and {{Saladin}}). Compare {{Ninja}}s, the Far Eastern counterpart.

For more historical information see UsefulNotes.TheHashshashin.
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!!References to the Hashshashin in fiction:

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[[folder: Anime And Manga ]]

* In episode 14 of KiddyGrade ("Steel/Heart"), [[spoiler:Tweedledee infects La Muse and Donnerschlag with a virus called "hashish," which, she mentions, is the name of a drug used in ancient times to give one the willpower to kill even a member of their own family.]] AndThatsTerrible.

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[[folder: Comics ]]

* ComicBook/JonahHex fights a Hashshashin brought to the WildWest as part of a CarnivalOfKillers during the "Six Gun War" storyline.
* In one story of the ''ComicBook/ConanTheBarbarian'' comic book, he ran into a cult that was an obvious {{Expy}} of the Assassins, including the [[FanService garden of Paradise]].

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[[folder: Film ]]

* Part of the antagonist force in the ''Film/PrinceOfPersiaTheSandsOfTime'' movie. Curiously, Alamut is featured in the film, but it is not their main hideout.

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''TheDestroyer'' series of novels, being about assassins with an ancient heritage, naturally mention the Hashshashin.
* In ''Literature/FoucaultsPendulum'', the Templars learned from the Hashshashin during the Crusades to discover the secret of [[spoiler:harnessing the power of telluric currents]].
* There were a few {{Flashback}}s featuring the Hashshashin in ''TheIlluminatusTrilogy''.
* TheDragon from ''AngelsAndDemons'' ''is'' a Hashashin, though the book portrays them as crazed, chaotic assassins.
* Parodied in ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' with the hashishim, who are a bit too heavy on the hashish bit...
* Vladimir Bartol's novel ''Alamut'' embraces most of the historical legends of the hashshashin, and was the main inspiration for ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed''.
* The Mongols go up against the Hashashin in the third ''Literature/{{Conqueror}}'' book; aghast by the group's cowardly and bloodthirsty ways. Genghis Khan personally kills the Old Man.
* Mack Bolan, TheExecutioner, fought a revitalized cult in ''Assassin's Code''. The Assassins in this one recruited various mercenaries including {{Ninja}}s, Thugee, and a rogue {{mossad}} agent.

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* They appeared in both ''RobinOfSherwood'' as a dangerous sect and in the BBC's ''Series/RobinHood'' as an AmazonBrigade.

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[[folder: Music ]]

* Hawkwind's song "Hasan i Sahba" links the Hashshashin to modern Islamic fundamentalists.
* The song "Garden of Light" by Isis, a post-metal band, refers subtly to the Hashashin recruitment procedure.
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4sPNoE8LxlA "Wine of Aluqah"]] by Therion. "Know that nothing's true and that everything is permitted,/So read the Old Man of the Mountain in his Book of Lies".

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[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* The ''DungeonsAndDragons'' ''Al-Qadim'' setting has numerous "Holy Slayer" groups inspired by the Hashshashin. Adventure [=ALQ2=] ''Assassin Mountain'' has the Everlasting, a cult that live in a mountain that are clearly based on them.
* In the wargame ''{{Infinity}}'', Hashashin are special troops that can be fielded by the Haqqislam faction, divided into four distinct types: snipers/poisoners, close-combat specialists, stealth experts who can pretend to be an enemy unit, and [[StuffBlowingUp explosives specialists]].
* The ''LegendOfTheFiveRings'' CCG spin-off ''Legend Of The Burning Sands'' had a group called the Assassins in it, who excelled at killing in duels. While they were led by the "Old Man of the Mountain", most of the other characters in it were [[AmazonBrigade women]].
* ''TabletopGame/VampireTheMasquerade'' has the Assamites, a vampire clan associated with the Hashshashin (a rogue [[TheRenfield Renfield]] of theirs in the 12th/13th centuries used the cult to help him hunt vampires). The clan is based in Alamut (albeit not the Hashshashin's Alamut) and hires themselves out as assassins.
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Illuminati}}'', in which players control [[AncientConspiracy ancient conspiracies]], the Assassins are one.

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

* The ''VideoGame/{{Gothic}}'' series features a blatant expy of them called the Hashishin, whose weapons are assassin style blades (and often coated with poison). Of course, they are also blatant stereotypes of classic Arabians in that they are very into economics as SeriousBusiness, not to mention a rather cliche habit of giving people [[OverlyLongName Overly Long Nicknames.]]
* The ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed'' series posits that the Hashshashin order was simply one part of the Crusades-era incarnation of a secret society of professional killers who have existed throughout human history, whose primary goal has been to use their skills and methods to preserve peace and protect the innocent from those who would abuse power. Their primary enemy are TheKnightsTemplar, another secret society with similar reach, but with [[KnightTemplar wildly]] [[TheEvilsOfFreeWill different]] [[TakeOverTheWorld goals.]] It turns out that the Assassins are [[spoiler: the descendants of Adam and Eve]], who were a pair of humans who [[spoiler: were {{Half Human Hybrid}}s created by [[{{Precursors}} the First Civilization]] and who were immune to the effects of the Pieces of Eden, allowing them to lead a rebellion against their masters.]]
* Bad Guys in ''VideoGame/LionheartLegacyOfTheCrusader''.
* ''LostSoulsMUD'' features the Nizari, a hybrid of the Hashashin and the Thuggee. ThisIsWrongOnSoManyLevels.
* In the {{Nasuverse}}, Hassan-i Sabbah is a LegacyCharacter. Whoever is the master of Alamut must take the name and appearance of Hassan, and abandon their own identity. The Fate series' Assassin-class Servants are generally required to be selected from the Hassan-i Sabbah; however, in ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'', a violation of the rules results in UsefulNotes/SasakiKojiro being summoned as an Assassin. [[spoiler:This is corrected in the Heaven's Feel route when Zouken summons a proper Hassan-i Sabbah as "True Assassin", which kills the original Assassin in the process. True Assassin proves to lack the limitations of the improperly-summoned original Assassin and is far more effective and dangerous.]]
* ''BrokenSword'' featured a mysterious murderer who turned out to be a Hashshashin trying to foil the plot of the KnightsTemplar villains. To quote two of those villains:
-->"He's ''not'' a Hashshashin, he's just ''[[InsistentTerminology an assassin]]''."
-->"He ''thinks'' he's a Hashshashin, and that makes him just as dangerous."
* In ''[[VideoGame/MedievalIITotalWar TotalWar Medieval II: Total War]]'', Islamic factions can build Hashshashin Guilds in settlements where large numbers of spies and assassins are being recruited. Doing so improves the effectiveness of spies and assassins recruited there subsequently, as well as allowing the faction to produce specialized Hashshashin infanty units, which serve as small, elite heavy infantry capable of ambushing on the battlefield.
* The Alik'r Warriors from ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim'' seem to be based on the Hashshashin, in that they're an organisation of assassins who come from a Middle Eastern-like setting - albeit one based more on Morocco than Arabia.
* Sadler, protagonist of Creator/TelenetJapan's ''VideoGame/{{XZR}}'' (or ''Exile'') series, is a Syrian assassin.

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