[[caption-width-right:300: [-[[FromBadToWorse It]] [[CrapsackWorld Gets]] [[ThoseWackyNazis Worse]] [[PerpetualPoverty As]] [[DeathByDespair The Decade]] [[WarWasBeginning Ends.]]-]]]

->''"They used to tell me I was building a dream\\
With peace and glory ahead\\
Why should I be standing in line\\
Just waiting for bread?"''
-->-- '''E.Y. Harburg''', "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?"

The Great Depression / The Dirty Thirties: Home to dust bowl farmers, reedy-voiced folk singers and rail-riding {{hobos}}. Life pretty much sucks unless you're lucky enough to be a rich socialite, in which case you can expect to be involved in a wacky screwball comedy which may or may not involve either [[Film/TheThreeStooges three short, bumbling men named Larry, Moe and Curly]], or [[Creator/MarxBrothers two fast-talkers named Groucho and Chico and their mute accomplice Harpo]] (as the Depression drove prices plummeting through the floor, people with money suddenly found their cash increasing in value). Or if you're female, you could ditch the dust bowl and head off to Hollywood, become an actress, and wear [[PimpedOutDress long, sexy gowns]] on premiere night, showing off some [[SexyBacklessOutfit tanned skin]].

Otherwise, you would be scraping to survive, as Steinbeck wrote in ''Literature/TheGrapesOfWrath'' and ''Literature/OfMiceAndMen''. For some, it's a time to run wild to take what you want against the fat cats who exploited the people as one of the ''Film/PublicEnemies'' like John Dillinger or the bank robbing couple ''Film/BonnieAndClyde''. Others found more constructive paths, such as folk singer Music/WoodyGuthrie who rode the rails ''Bound for Glory'' singing as the voice of the underprivileged, or the pulp and newspaper-strip writers who were busily concocting ProtoSuperhero stories. Finally, two Jewish boys manage to sell their seemingly preposterous story of a [[Franchise/{{Superman}} titanically strong hero in blue tights and red cape]] that [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks changed the burgeoning comic book medium forever]] with a whole new [[{{Superhero}} fantasy genre]].

Against this, President UsefulNotes/HerbertHoover found himself completely over his head, [[WhileRomeBurns refusing to accept the reality of how bad the times were]], while blindly mouthing absurd statements like "Prosperity is just around the corner." He was replaced by UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt who did his best to pull America out of the economic ruin with his New Deal.

In addition, [[Franchise/IndianaJones you]] could be a globe-hopping AdventurerArchaeologist in foreign parts having adventures with the natives while fighting the [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazis]] who are searching for any artifact that would give them the edge in a coming war.

If you're in Europe, chances are you are living in the Nazi or some other fascist version of {{Ruritania}}, trying to forget your troubles at the [[CoolestClubEver cabaret]] while the BlackShirt goons become more bolder and brutal outside as your country slides into a fascist hell. As for the rest of the world, the communists seem to be the greater threat, until ThoseWackyNazis start getting greedy enough to betray their true ambitions (and for those already under communism, like say, some parts of the USSR, well, they're about to learn the wonders of cannibalism, or worse, end up in TheGulag for thinking unhappy thoughts about Stalin). At that the Western powers slowly begin to realize that appeasing them is making them worse and they have to stand up to them.

Period lasts from The Wall Street Crash of 1929 up until the beginning of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. Note that in RealLife there were several sub-periods; the Hoover years, the New Deal years up to 1937, a second recession and a subsequent 1939-41 recovery that was just picking up steam when the war build-up started. Also, large European countries experienced the worst, [[CrapsackWorld nightmarish]] part of the Depression during 1930-1932, with unemployment and widespread poverty, but recovered more or less in the next few years - so for a German living [[UsefulNotes/NaziGermany under the Nazis]] 1938 was a ''prosperous year'', not part of a crisis, unless you were one of the "undesirables" of course, who were facing a nightmare about to get far, far worse.

It should also be noted that the mass suicides of financial professionals (jumping from office buildings or hanging) of 1929 are a long-standing {{Urban Legend|s}} -- only about twenty people killed themselves immediately after the Crash and about one hundred in all. 23,000 people did kill themselves in the first year though.

Also see: TheRoaringTwenties, TheForties, TheFifties, TheSixties, TheSeventies, TheEighties, TheNineties, TurnOfTheMillennium, and TheNewTens for more decade nostalgia.

[[folder: Thirties Slang]]
!!As [[TheRoaringTwenties the decade before]], slang is a {{Serious B|usiness}}eeswax, and it sticks on to-day.
* "Abercombie" - a know-it-all
* "Abyssinia" - I be seein' ya, get it?
* "All the way" - for {{Sweet Tooth}}s, it's chocolate cake of fudge
* "Apple" - any big town or city, like the BigApplesauce
* "Babe", "broad", "doll", "dame", "muffin" or "kitten" - just some of the many ways to call a woman
* "Baby" - milk
* "Bacon" or "bread" - something you bring home after work. It's a cabbage and is given by your big cheese.
* "Beat" - broke
* "Bean shooter" - gun
* "Behind the grind" - Behind in one's studies
* "Big house" or "hoosegow" - prison
* "Blinkers", "peepers" or "shutters" - eyes
* "Blow your wig" - getting excited
* "Booze", "hooch", "giggle water" - whiskey
* "Brodie" - a mistake
* "Brunos", "goons", "hatchetmen", "torpedoes", "trigger men" - HiredGuns
* "Bulge" - take advantage
* "Booping gums" or "booshwash" - talking applesauce or nothing useful at all
* "Butter and egg fly" - a hot babe
* "Butter and egg man" - the money man
* "Buzzer" - police badge
* "Cabbage" - the colour of money
* "Canary" - female vocalist
* "Cats" and "alligators" - swing fan
* "Cave" - your house
* "Check" - a buck
* "Chicago overcoat" - coffin
* "Chicago typewriter" - Tommy Gun
* "Chisel" - swindle or cheat
* "City juice" - glass of water
* "Clam-bake" - wild swing
* "Clip joint" - [[NightlifeIndex the nightclub]]
* "Copper" - policeman
* "Crumb" - [[ThisLoserIsYou a loser by social standards]]
* "Crust" - to insult
* "Cute as a bug's ear" - very kawaii
* "Dead hoofer" or "cement mixer" - [[ICantDance bad dancer]]
* [[VisualNovel/PhoenixWrightAceAttorney "Dick", "gumshoe",]] "flatfoot" - detective
** "Cinder dick" - railroad detective
** "House dick" - house detective
* "Dig" - think deeper
* "Dingy" - silly
* "Dizzy with a dame" - crazy in love, sometimes risky if she's a moll
* "Dog house" - string bass
* "Doggy" - SharpDressedMan
* "Dollface" - name for a woman when a man is pleading his case or apologizing
* "Drilling", "plugging", "throwing lead" - shooting a gun
* "Drumsticks" or "gams" - ShesGotLegs
* "Dukes", "grabbers", "meat hooks" - hands
* "Egg" - crude person
* "Egg harbor" - free dance
* "Eggs in coffee" - run in smoothly
* "Fem", "filly", "flame", fuss - [[ClingyJealousGirl constant girl companion to a boy]]
* "Five spot" or "a Lincoln" - five bucks
* "Genius" - dumbass
* "G-man" - federal agent
* "Gobble-pipe" - saxophone
* "Greaseball", "jelly bean", "wet sock" - an unpopular person
* "Grifter" - ConMan
* "Gumming the works" - opposite of eggs on coffee
* "Hocks" or "plates" - feet
* "Honey cooler" - a kiss
* "Hog", "jolly up", "rag" or "romp" - a dance, party or dance party!
* "Hotsquat" - electric chair
* "Joe" - average guy
* "Juicy" - enjoyable
* "Keen" and "kippy" - very neet and very good
* "Low down" - all the information
* "Make tracks" or "dangle" - leave in a jiffy
* "Meat wagon" - ambulance
* "Micky" - drink with drugs
* "Mitt me kid" - congratulate me!
* "Murder!" - WOW!
* "Nuts!" - telling someone they are full of booping gums and applesauce
* "Off the cob" - corny
* "Packing heat" - carrying a gun
* "Pally" - friend or chum, sometimes used sarcastically
* "Pitching woo" - making love
* "Platter" - [[WhatAreRecords a record]]
* "Ring-a-ding-ding" - someone having a good time at a hog
* "Sawbuck" - ten bucks
* "Scat singer" - improvising vocalist
* "Scrub" - poor student
* "Shake a leg" - hurry up
* "Skin tackler" - drummer
* "Sourdough" - counterfeit money
* "Squat" - nothing
* "Stool pigeon" or "snitch" - someone who informs the cops
* "Take the rap" - taking responsibility of the crime
* "The kiss off" - the final goodbye
* "Tin ear" or "ickie" - someone who does not like popular music, much not unlike the {{hipster}} a decade later.
* "Togged to the bricks" - dressed up
* "Whacky" - crazy
* "What's the story, morning glory?" - what do you mean by that?
* "Wheat" - CountryMouse
* "Yo!" - Yes
* "You and me both" - And how!
* "You shred it, wheat" - You said it.


[[folder: Popular tropes from this time period:]]
* AdventurerArchaeologist
* TheAllegedCar: The worn-out, dented jalopies that carried people west from the Dust Bowl. The [[Literature/TheGrapesOfWrath Joads']] is an example.
* ArtDeco in its sleek, streamlined form.
* {{Blackface}}: Still very popular during this era.
* BoomTown: Despite the economic situation, [[WarWasBeginning and an upcoming war]], cities like UsefulNotes/LosAngeles, UsefulNotes/{{Shanghai}}, UsefulNotes/{{Singapore}} and UsefulNotes/{{Manila}} flourished in this decade.
* CoolCar: The sweeping, chrome-awash designs of the 1933-1940 age.
* CrapsackWorld: Pretty much mandatory if you're portraying the common peoples' life - it basically ''was''.
* CurtainClothing: In an austere time, where fabric was a commodity, some women resort to sewing clothes out of feed sacks, hence they are called "feedsack dresses."
* DamnItFeelsGoodToBeAGangster: Even more so after the repeal on Prohibition in America. Just ask Bonnie and Clyde, or the Barker family.
* DanceSensation: Creator/FredAstaire and Creator/GingerRogers ruled this trope. [[MyFriendsAndZoidberg And swing.]]
* DancingIsSeriousBusiness: Dance marathons raged across the Dust Bowl with a myriad of couples dancing their way to exhaustion just to get their prize worth only a handful of money. The longest marathon lasted for 10 months.
* DeadlyDustStorm: This was busy happening in the Dust Bowl- the dust storms blew so thick and long that people and animals would be permanently blinded or choke to death on them. They could generate such high amounts of static electricity that car motors would short out if not grounded, leading to people living in the Dust Bowl attaching lengths of chain to the undercarriage that would drag on the ground. A particularly massive dust storm blew all the way to Washington DC, further cementing this trope into the minds of Americans around the country at the time.
* DieselPunk
* ForeignCultureFetish: For the people whose fortunes had survived during this economic atmosphere, and for those who could afford it, they would venture out to faraway destinations like Africa with its savannahs, jungles, wild beasts, and the occasional [[Literature/{{Tarzan}} feral man]] in leopard print, and the beaches in the Mediterranean and the South Pacific where they would bask their skin to the sunlight.
** In the late 1930s up to the onset of war, inspired by the 1936 Berlin Olympics, Alpine-themed stuff like alphorns, lederhosen, full-skirted dirndls, yodeling, and skiing came into fashion.
* FromBadToWorse: The Crash of '29 was just merely the appetizer, while the [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the main course]] is still out there sizzling in the pan.
* TheGayNineties / TheEdwardianEra: A very popular NostalgiaFilter of the era.
* GenteelInterbellumSetting
* The start of the golden ages of [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfHollywood film]], [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation animation]], and [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicbooks comics]]
* {{Hobos}}: In DeepSouth settings a popular trope.
* MorallyBankruptBanker
* MusicOfThe1930s:
** BigBand: Many jazz bands were lead by a band leader: Music/CountBasie, Music/DukeEllington, Music/BennyGoodman and Music/GlennMiller.
** {{Bluegrass}} and CountryMusic: Very popular during this era, though only in the USA.
** {{Blues}}: ''Delta Blues'' music was very prominent in the USA, with Music/RobertJohnson as the most iconic example, but would only get extraordinarily popular in the 1960s.
** {{Jazz}}: Just like the 1920s jazz was still enormously popular worldwide. It got a bigger explosion when swing came around to cut the rug.
** TheMusical: Many of Hollywood's films tended to be musical and upbeat, because it wasn't called "The Great Depression" for nothing, people needed to be cheered up. Because of this, the motion picture industry was one of a small few disposal income industries that not only survived but ''thrived'' in the Great Depression. [[note]]Eventually, that is -- the U.S. industry experienced a 33% drop in ticket sales from 1929-1933, which coming on the heels of the enormous investment needed to convert from silents to sound nearly bankrupted the studios. The introduction of the BMovie and the double feature was also crucial to righting the ship.[[/note]]
* PerpetualPoverty - subversion. If the 1930-1941 decade hit the US worst despite the attempted relief of the New Deal, European countries fared better and they regard the year 1933 as the "official" end of the Depression and the 1933-1939 years as a prosperous[[note]]relatively speaking - the working class living conditions might vary from crappy in Creator/GeorgeOrwell's Britain to very comfortable in UsefulNotes/NaziGermany[[/note]] period in terms of money, construction, public works, technology and arts.
* ScrewballComedy: Very popular genre in the 1930s. Creator/CaryGrant and Creator/KatharineHepburn being the prime stars.
* SharpDressedMan: This is the era of glamorous Hollywood stars in shiny tuxedos, like Creator/ClarkGable, Creator/MauriceChevalier and Creator/CaryGrant.
* SimpleYetOpulent: Gone are the beads and the boxy look of the flappers, but the [[PimpedOutDress Pimped Out Dresses]] of silk, satin and velvet flared with a bias-cut trimming and occasional prints and frills make them equally elegant on the silver screen.
** FashionableAsymmetry: the bias cut look, the angled necklines and the off-balanced hats make them fashionable.
** HighClassGloves: Gloves for women became a must, giving accent to any length and type of the sleeve.
** SexyBacklessOutfit: The trend for women exposing their backs on bias-cut and halter-neck long gowns started during this decade. It's even more pimped out thanks to UsefulNotes/CocoChanel and rising designers like Adrian and Elsa Schiaparelli.
* {{Slapstick}}: The worldwide success of Creator/LaurelAndHardy, Creator/CharlieChaplin, Creator/TheMarxBrothers, Creator/WCFields, Creator/TheThreeStooges made this a golden era.
* SmokingIsGlamorous: Hollywood movies made cigarette smoking look incredibly stylish. Trendsetters are Creator/MarleneDietrich, Creator/BetteDavis and Creator/HumphreyBogart.
* {{Surrealism}}: Became very popular in this decade as a remedy for the Depression. It gave us melting clocks by Creator/SalvadorDali, floating apples on faces and [[OlderThanYouThink an early case of]] {{m|emeticMutation}}anbabies by Creator/ReneMagritte, and hot pink lobster dresses by Elsa Schiaparelli.
* ThievesCant: Traveling vagrants developed a cant of symbols to leave messages for other vagrants. A symbol might mean someone in a nearby house is willing to provide a meal or a place to sleep, for instance.
* {{Trope Maker}}s and {{Trope Codifier}}s of the decade. Thanks to radio and Hollywood, we got:
** AdolfHitlarious: He was already mocked throughout the 1930s, but this trope would only become more prevalent during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
** AdorablyPrecociousChild: The main reason why Creator/ShirleyTemple became such a iconic star.
** AmericanGothicCouple: Grant Wood's 1930 painting "American Gothic" debuted in this era, becoming a StockParody later.
** BusbyBerkeleyNumber: This was the heyday of Hollywood musicals with long impressively choreographed dance routines. It would eventually become a StockParody of its own.
** DisneyCreaturesOfTheFarce: Disney's association with cute cartoon animals, especially helpful forest animals like in ''Disney/SnowWhite'' would pave the way for many [[StockParody stock parodies]] in the future.
** {{Disneyesque}}: Their child friendly style was imitated by many cartoons from this era.
** {{Flynning}}: The success of Creator/ErrolFlynn made sword fighting in this fashion popular.
** FunnyForeigner: The trope existed before, but with the arrival of sound many Hollywood actors of foreign descent could be mocked for their silly accents: Creator/PeterLorre, Creator/BelaLugosi, Creator/GretaGarbo, Creator/MauriceChevalier
** AllGermansAreNazis: When Hitler took power in 1933 this became a staple.
** KingKongClimb: A StockParody popularized by ''Film/KingKong1933''.
** MrAltDisney: Creator/WaltDisney would become a StockParody in the decades beyond.
** MauriceChevalierAccent: As soon as sound movies and musicals became popular Creator/MauriceChevalier became a world wide star, with his voice eventually becoming a StockParody.
** OffToSeeTheWizard: ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' debuted in 1939, but would only become popular in the TV era of the 1950s, thus making the film a StockParody from that moment on.
** ThreeStoogesShoutOut: Creator/TheThreeStooges debuted during this era and would inspire many shout-outs and StockParody references in the decades that would follow.
** TropaholicsAnonymous: This support group that has been a subject of StockParody since it came to inception two years after Prohibition was repealed.
** VineSwing: Popularized by the ''Literature/{{Tarzan}}'' movies with Creator/JohnnyWeissmuller.
* TwentiesBobHaircut: Short hair for women was still the rage throughout the decade, although it's less Louise Brooks style sleek and more wavy and permed. Eventually, hairstyles grew longer by the end of the decade ranging from updos to pageboy style bobs.
* VagabondBuddies
* {{Zipperiffic}}: the decade made zippers more innovative in many things like bags and clothes.
!!Works that are set in this time period:

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Manga/AxisPowersHetalia'' had a strip about the Great Depression, explaining it in a very simple way; America got sick and spread it to the other European countries. [[spoiler: In the end, however, Russia was unaffected due to the fact that Russia was socialist, America, England, and France were helped out by their colonies, but Germany, Italy, and Japan, not having as much colonies, got the shorter end of the stick and suffered throughout.]]
** In actual history, Germany probably would have still suffered, Depression or no Depression, because of the WWI reparations that the nation was being forced to pay.
** In fact, part of Germany's motivation behind becoming an Axis Power was mentioned as a combination of both the Depression and Versailles reparations.
* ''LightNovel/{{Baccano}}'': At least, the anime and much of the light novels.
* ''Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventureBattleTendency'' is set in 1938.
* ''Anime/NightRaid1931'' is set in 1931 China, right before the Japanese invasion of Manchuria which ultimately led to the UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''Franchise/{{Tintin}}''. Series started in 1929.
** ''Recap/TintinTintinInTheCongo'' (1931).
** ''Recap/TintinTintinInAmerica'' (1932).
** ''Recap/TintinCigarsOfThePharaoh'' (1934).
** ''Recap/TintinTheBlueLotus'' (1936).
** ''Recap/TintinTheBrokenEar'' (1937).
** ''Recap/TintinTheBlackIsland'' (1938).
** ''Recap/TintinKingOttokarsSceptre'' (1939).
* ''ComicStrip/QuickAndFlupke'' (Franchise started in 1930).
* ''Franchise/TheDCU''. Established with the publication of ''New Fun Comics'' #1 (February, 1935).
* ''ComicBook/JoZetteAndJocko''. Debuted in 1936.
* ''ComicBook/TheDandy''. Magazine launched in December, 1937.
* ''Magazine/{{Spirou}}''. Magazine launched in April, 1938, as ''Le Journal de Spirou''.
* ''ComicBook/SpirouAndFantasio''. Spirou first appeared in April, 1938, in the first issue of ''Le Journal de Spirou''.
* ''ComicBook/ActionComics''. Series started in June, 1938.
** ComicBook/LoisLane. The character debuted in June, 1938.
** ''Franchise/{{Superman}}''. The character debuted in June, 1938.
* ''ComicBook/TheBeano''. Magazine launched in July, 1938.
* An unnamed office boy debuted in November, 1938. He was eventually given a name, ComicBook/JimmyOlsen.
* ComicBook/SubMariner. The character debuted in April, 1939.
* The first few ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'' comics. The character debuted in May, 1939.
* ''ComicBook/WillEisnersWonderMan''. The character debuted in May, 1939.
* Abigail "Ma" Hunkel. The character debuted in June, 1939. She would later become the ComicBook/RedTornado.
* Characters/TheSandman/Wesley Dodds. The character debuted in July, 1939.
** The ComicBook/SandmanMysteryTheatre featured retro stories, taking place in this era. However some of these stories were dated to 1938, pre-dating the original Sandman stories.
* ComicBook/BlueBeetle[=/=]Dan Garret. The character debuted in August, 1939.
* The Franchise/MarvelUniverse debuted in October, 1939 with the publication of ''"Marvel Comics''" #1.
* Recent ComicBook/CaptainAmerica stories focusing on Steve Rogers before he got the SuperSerum -- which was actually before the US officially entered the war -- count.
* ''Film/RoadToPerdition''
* The story of ''ComicBook/SupermanAndBatmanGenerations'' begins in 1939, featuring the first meeting between Superman and Batman.
* While initial ComicBook/{{Superboy}} stories were vague on their setting, starting in [[TheFifties the late 50s]], Superboy stories were explicitly set in the 1930s, likely under the logic of 1938 being Superman's first appearance. Superboy would stay set during the Depression (even meeting Bonnie and Clyde in a 1968 story) until a 1971 retooling placed him on a [[ComicBookTime sliding timeline]] and in the 1950s.
* ''ComicBook/SpiderManNoir'' is set around the 1930s.
* ''ComicBook/PunisherNoir'': Same as ''Spider-Man: Noir'' above.
* Some relatively recent [[ComicBook/DisneyMouseAndDuckComics Disney comics]] have stories set in this period:
** The eleventh chapter of ''ComicBook/TheLifeAndTimesOfScroogeMcDuck'' features Scrooge going to New York right after the Crash and literally buying ''everything'', before finally returning to Duckburg.
** The Italian saga ''Once Upon a Time... In America'' ends some time after the Crash, with Mickey's father being a millionaire who sold his company ''the day before the Crash''.

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* ComicBook/MickeyMouseComicUniverse. Most of these characters were introduced in the comic strip by Creator/FloydGottfredson.
** WesternAnimation/MickeyMouse. Adapted to the medium in January, 1930.
** WesternAnimation/MinnieMouse. Adapted to the medium in January, 1930.
** Clarabelle Cow. Adapted to the medium in April, 1930.
** Horace Horsecollar. Adapted to the medium in April, 1930.
** WesternAnimation/{{Pete}}. Adapted to the medium in April, 1930.
** Sylvester Shyster. First appeared in April, 1930.
** Uncle Mortimer. First appeared in April, 1930.
** WesternAnimation/PlutoThePup. Adapted to the medium in July, 1931.
** Captain Nathaniel Churchmouse. First appeared in May, 1932.
** Mortimer ("Morty") and Ferdinand ("Ferdie") Fieldmouse. First appeared in September, 1932.
** Professors Ecks, Doublex and Triplex. First appeared in November, 1932.
** WesternAnimation/{{Goofy}}. Adapted to the medium in January, 1933.
** Captain Doberman. First appeared in February, 1933.
** Gloomy. First appeared in February, 1933.
** Tanglefoot. First appeared in June, 1933.
** Eli Squinch. First appeared in July, 1934.
** Mortimer Mouse. First appeared in January, 1936.
** Detective Casey. First appeared in July, 1938.
** Chief O'Hara. First appeared in May, 1939.
** The Phantom Blot. First appeared in May, 1939.
* ''ComicStrip/{{Blondie}}''. First appeared in September, 1930. Still ongoing (and updated via ComicBookTime).
* ''ComicStrip/LilAbner''. First appeared in August, 1934.
* ComicBook/DisneyDucksComicUniverse. Most of these characters debuted in the comic strips written by Ted Osborne and drawn by Al Taliaferro.
** WesternAnimation/DonaldDuck. Adapted to the medium in September, 1934.
** Huey, Dewey and Louie. First appeared in October, 1937. Adapted for Animation in April, 1938.
** Bolivar. Adapted to the medium in March, 1938.
** Gus Goose. First appeared in May, 1938. Adapted for Animation in May, 1939.
* ''ComicStrip/DickTracy''. First appeared in October 4, 1931.
* ''ComicStrip/LittleLulu''. First appeared in February, 1935.
* ''ComicStrip/LittleOrphanAnnie''. First appeared in August, 1924.
* ''ComicStrip/ThePhantom''. First appeared in February, 1936.
* ''ComicStrip/TerryAndThePirates''. Appeared in October, 1934.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* [[FanFic/PortalThe4thMillenniumFranchise Caroline-]][[Creator/AstridLindgren on-the]][[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/7072282/1/Caroline_on_the_Roof -Roof:]] If it weren't for the Great Depression, [[Videogame/{{Portal}} Aperture Science]] would be nowhere to be found.

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AllDogsGoToHeaven''
* ''WesternAnimation/CatsDontDance''. Created in 1997, set in the 1930s.
* ''Disney/{{Fantasia 2000}}''. The ''Rhapsody in Blue'' sequence, composed by Music/GeorgeGershwin, is set in 1930s New York.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/AngelsWithDirtyFaces''
* ''Film/Annie1982''
* ''Film/Annie1999''
* ''Film/{{Atonement}}'' in the early part.
* ''Film/BlondieJohnson'': Made and set in 1933. The Depression drives Blondie to become a gangster.
* ''Film/BonnieAndClyde''
* ''Film/BoundForGlory''
* ''Film/{{Changeling}}''
* ''Film/{{Chinatown}}''
* ''Film/TheCincinnatiKid''
* ''Film/CinderellaMan''
* ''Film/{{Dillinger}}''
* ''Film/{{Dogville}}''
* ''Film/EmperorOfTheNorth'' (a movie about rail-riding hobos).
* ''WesternAnimation/EveryonesHero'' (an AllCGICartoon movie starring a boy named Yankee Irving)
* ''Film/TheFactsInTheCaseOfMisterHollow'' is set during the fall of 1933, as an OccultDetective investigates a {{Spooky Photograph|s}} that may contain evidence of a cult operating in Depression-era Ontario.
* ''Film/GoldDiggersOf1933'', made and set in the year of its title. Its {{Busby Berkeley Number}}s include "We're in the Money," where the Gold Diggers sing that they "never see a headline 'bout a breadline today," and "Remember My Forgotten Man," which obviously was inspired by "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?"
* ''Film/TheGreenMile''
* ''Film/HarlemNights''
* ''Film/HeroesForSale''
* ''Film/TheHindenburg'' (just about at the tail end of the period)
* ''Film/{{Hoodlum}}''
* ''Film/{{Hugo}}''
* The original three ''Franchise/IndianaJones'' movies.
* Part of ''Film/ItsAWonderfulLife'' takes place during this period.
* ''Film/JohnnyDangerously''
* ''Film/TheJourneyOfNattyGann''
* ''Film/{{Julia}}''
* ''Film/{{King Kong|1933}}'' (1933)
** ''Film/{{King Kong|2005}}'' (2005 remake of the above)
* ''Film/KittyFoyle''
* ''Film/KungFuHustle''
* ''Film/TheLastGangster'' (the first part takes place in 1927 however)
* ''Film/TheLegendOfBaggerVance''
* ''Film/MansCastle'' - a contemporary (for the 1930s) look at two lovers in a shantytown.
* ''Film/MeAndOrsonWelles''
* ''Film/ModernTimes''
* ''Film/TheMusicBox''
* ''Film/OBrotherWhereArtThou''
* ''Film/OurDailyBread'', in which some American workers found a collective farm of the sort that UsefulNotes/JosephStalin would have liked.
* ''Our Gang'' (a.k.a. ''Film/TheLittleRascals'')
* ''Film/PaperMoon''
* ''Film/PenniesFromHeaven''
* ''Film/PlacesInTheHeart''
* ''Film/PublicEnemies''
* ''Film/ThePurpleRoseOfCairo''
* ''Film/TheRadiolandMurders''
* ''Film/TheRocketeer''
* ''Film/{{Seabiscuit}}''
* ''Film/TheSting''
* ''[[Theatre/TheChildrensHour These Three]]''
* ''Film/TheyShootHorsesDontThey''
* ''Film/ThievesLikeUs''
* ''This Property Is Condemned''
* ''Film/TheThreeStooges'': Their pre-1940 shorts, obviously.
* ''Film/TimeCop'': One of the unauthorized time travels the protagonist busts is a man who went back to this time period to [[TimelineAlteringMacGuffin make it big in the stock market armed with future newspapers]].
* ''Film/TokyoChorus'': A 1931 film focuing on the effects of the Depression in Japan; Herbert Hoover is name-checked.
* ''Film/TheUntouchables'': Part of which took place during The Great Depression.
* ''Film/WildBoysOfTheRoad''

[[folder: Literature]]
* ''Literature/AsILayDying'' (1930)
* ''Literature/{{Gladiator}}'' (1930)
* ''Literature/TheMurderAtTheVicarage'' the first novel to star Literature/MissMarple (1930)
* ''Radio/TheShadow''. The first written Shadow story appeared in April, 1931.
* ''Literature/TheSittafordMystery'' (1931)
* ''Literature/LostHorizon'' (1933)
* ''Franchise/DocSavage''. First appeared in March, 1933.
* ''Literature/TheSpider''. First appeared in October, 1933.
* ''Literature/NeroWolfe'' The first few stories are set in the 1930s
** ''Literature/FerDeLance'' (Set in June of 1933, published in 1934)
* ''Literature/MurderOnTheOrientExpress'' with Literature/HerculePoirot (1934)
* ''Literature/TheyShootHorsesDontThey'' (1935)
* ''Literature/TheABCMurders'' with Literature/HerculePoirot (1936)
* ''Literature/CardsOnTheTable'' with Literature/HerculePoirot (1936)
* ''Literature/AtTheMountainsOfMadness'' (1936)
* ''Literature/TheShadowOverInnsmouth'' (1936)
* ''Literature/DeathOnTheNile'' with Literature/HerculePoirot (1937)
* ''Literature/JokerGame'' (Main series starts at 1937)
* ''Literature/OfMiceAndMen'' (1937)
* ''Literature/BrightonRock'' (1938)
* ''Literature/AndThenThereWereNone'' (1939)
* ''Literature/TheBigSleep'' (1939)
* ''Literature/TheDayOfTheLocust'' (1939)
* ''Literature/TheGrapesOfWrath'' (1939)
* ''Literature/{{Madeline}}'' (1939)
* ''Literature/AllTheKingsMen'' (1946) is set in this era.
* ''Literature/MyFamilyAndOtherAnimals'' (1956) is set from 1935 to 1939.
* ''Literature/ToKillAMockingbird'' (1960) is set in this era.
* Mentioned quite a few times in the first chapters of ''Literature/MemoirsOfAGeisha'' (1997).
* Literature/AmericanGirlsCollection: The story of [[Literature/AmericanGirlsKit Kit Kittredge]] (2000) from the books (and TheMovie) is set from 1932 to 1935
* One section of ''Literature/TheAreasOfMyExpertise'' (2005), appropriately titled "What You Did Not Know About Hoboes"
* The ''Literature/YoungBond'' series (2005- 2008/2009) covers the adventures of Literature/JamesBond in this era. Events start in 1933.
* ''Literature/InDubiousBattle''
* ''Literature/{{Biggles}}'' first appears in 1932.
* ''Literature/LightInAugust'' (1932)
* ''Literature/OutOfTheDust'' (1997) is set in this time period, an unusual ChildrensLiterature example.
* ''[[Literature/TheAnderssons Det fjärde rummet]]'' by Solveig Olsson-Hultgren takes place in 1932. Anna has to suffer greatly from the aftermath of the depression, as girls now have a hard time finding jobs. And yet, she has to be the bread-winner of her family.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Carnivale}}''
* ''Series/{{Damnation}}''
* ''Series/TalesOfTheGoldMonkey''
* ''Series/TheWaltons''
* [[/index]]Creator/{{HBO}}'s[[index]] ''Literature/MildredPierce'' miniseries
* Any episode of ''Series/MadMen'' in which Don Draper's childhood is important (there are a lot of them) will involve a flashback to the Thirties.
* The ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' episode "[[Recap/StarTrekS1E28TheCityOnTheEdgeOfForever The City on the Edge of Forever]]" has Kirk and Spock traveling through time to the Great Depression while pursuing a drugged and insane [=McCoy=] who has somehow altered the timeline.
* The final season of ''Series/BoardwalkEmpire'', which underscores the EndOfAnAge.
* ''Series/{{Poirot}}'', based on Creator/AgathaChristie's literary ''Literature/HerculePoirot'' series, with a majority of the episodes set in 1935-1939.
* ''Series/PenniesFromHeaven''

* Music/TheAndrewsSisters: Recorded first singles in the late 1930s.
* Music/LouisArmstrong. Became famous during the 1920s, but still active during the 1930s.
* Music/BelaBartok: Composed "Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta"" (1936).
* Music/CabCalloway. Professional music career started in 1930. First major hit in 1931.
* Music/JohnCage
* Music/NatKingCole
* Music/BingCrosby
* Music/DukeEllington. Still active during the 1930s.
* Music/WoodyGuthrie
* Music/BillieHoliday. Made her first recordings.
* Music/TheInkSpots
* Music/RobertJohnson. All of his known recordings took place in 1936 and 1937.
* ''[[Music/RobertJohnsonTheCompleteRecordings The Complete Recordings]]'' (released in 1990, but compiles all his work from the 1930s)
* Music/ErichWolfgangKorngold
* Music/GlennMiller
* Music/SergeiRachmaninoff
* Music/EdithPiaf.
* Music/DjangoReinhardt. Made his first recordings during this decade.
* Music/IgorStravinsky. Composed neoclassical works during this decade.
* Music/FrankSinatra. First commercial record in 1939.
* Music/SunRa: Started performing in 1934.
* Creator/ArtTatum. First recordings in 1933.
* Music/EdgardVarese
* Music/SarahVaughan
* Music/MuddyWaters.
* Music/KurtWeill. Still working in collaboration with Creator/BertoltBrecht.

* ''Pinball/BaffleBall''. Released in 1931 and became the [[/index]] {{Trope Maker|s}} of {{pinball}} as a whole.
* [[index]]''Pinball/{{Contact}}''. Released in 1933, it introduced electro-mechanical mechanisms, bell chimes, and the TILT.

[[folder:Pro Wrestling]]
* Wrestling/FreddieBlassie. Debuted in 1935.
* Wrestling/BuddyRogers. Debuted in 1939.
* Wrestling/LouThesz. Debuted in 1932.
* [[Wrestling/GeorgeWagner George Wagner[=/=]Gorgeous George]]. Debuted in 1932.
* Wrestling/{{CMLL}}. Established in 1933.

* ''Franchise/TheGreenHornet''. First appeared in January, 1936.
* Creator/OrsonWelles' infamous broadcast of ''Radio/TheWarOfTheWorlds'' took place on October 30, 1938, although the public hysteria often cited as a result of the broadcast [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_Worlds_(radio)#Public_reaction is probably overstated]].
* ''Radio/BellinghamTerror''. Set in 1935 Bellingham, Washington and features many historical events and shout outs to the period.

[[folder: Theatre]]
* ''Theatre/{{Annie}}''
* ''Theatre/AnythingGoes'' (1934)
* ''Theatre/MerrilyWeRollAlong''
* ''Theatre/TheChildrensHour''
* ''Theatre/{{Winterset}}

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/MafiaTheCityOfLostHeaven''
* ''[[VideoGame/ShadowHearts Shadow Hearts: From The New World]]'' takes place shortly before the Crash, but doesn't really deal with it.
* ''VideoGame/RuleOfRose'' is set in 1930, the time of the Crash, possibly explaining why the events in the story didn't get any outside attention; the authorities were stretched too thin to worry about a few alleged disappearances.
* Telltale's ''VideoGame/{{Back to the Future|TheGame}}'' game mostly takes place in the year 1931, with a few segments in 1986.
* ''VideoGame/PulpAdventures'' is set in an unspecified date during the Thirties and its story is a typical TwoFistedTales involving a MassiveMultiplayerCrossover of fictional characters created during this era (Doc Savage, The Spirit, The Shadow, The Avenger, and dozen of others).
* ''VideoGame/{{Cuphead}}'' is a video game that pays {{homage}} to the 1930s cartoons of Creator/MaxAndDaveFleischer. According to the CreditsGag, the game is even set in 1930, at the time of the Crash, when the protagonists Cuphead and Mugman made a gamble with [[{{Satan}} the Devil]] and are now fighting for their lives in a DealWithTheDevil.

[[folder:Web Animation]]
* The final episode of ''Machinima/TheStrangerhood'' indicates Tovar was taken from Wall Street just around this time. His EvilTwin, ignorant of the coming depression, ends up going back with plans to make millions on asbestos.
* The short ''WebAnimation/TheBackwaterGospel'' takes place in an isolated and forgotten town in the Dust Bowl.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/MonsieurCharlatan''
* ''Webcomic/{{Daniel}}'' is set in 1934. The titular character himself is said to had been laid off from a job due to the Wall Street Crash.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Podcast/RedPandaAdventures''. Debuted in 2005, set in the 1930s.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* WesternAnimation/ClassicDisneyShorts. Started in 1928. Continued throughout the decade.
** ''WesternAnimation/TheMadDoctor'' (1933).
** ''Disney/TheBandConcert'' (1935).
** ''Disney/PlutosJudgementDay'' (1935).
** ''Disney/MovingDay'' (1936).
** ''Disney/ClockCleaners'' (1937).
** ''Disney/LonesomeGhosts'' (1937).
** ''Disney/BraveLittleTailor'' (1938).
* WesternAnimation/SillySymphonies. Series started in 1929. Continued to 1939.
** ''WesternAnimation/FlowersAndTrees'' (1932).
** ''WesternAnimation/TheThreeLittlePigs'' (1933).
** ''Disney/TheTortoiseAndTheHare'' (1935).
** ''WesternAnimation/TheGoldenTouch'' (1935).
** ''WesternAnimation/TheCookieCarnival'' (1935)
** ''Disney/TheOldMill'' (1937).
* UsefulNotes/LooneyTunesInTheThirties
** ''WesternAnimation/BoskoTheTalkInkKid ''. Created in 1929. Public debut in 1930.
*** ''WesternAnimation/SinkinInTheBathtub'' (1930).
** ''Foxy''
*** ''WesternAnimation/LadyPlayYourMandolin'' (1931).
** ''WesternAnimation/PorkyPig''. Created in 1935.
*** ''WesternAnimation/PorkysRailroad'' (1937)
*** ''WesternAnimation/PorkyInWackyland'' (1938).
*** ''WesternAnimation/OldGlory'' (1939).
** ''Owl Jolson''
*** ''WesternAnimation/ILoveToSinga'' (1936).
** ''WesternAnimation/DaffyDuck''. Created in 1937.
*** ''WesternAnimation/PorkysDuckHunt'' (1937).
*** ''WesternAnimation/DaffyDuckAndEgghead'' (1938).
** ''WesternAnimation/BugsBunny''. Created in 1938. Prototype appearances to 1940.
* Creator/MaxAndDaveFleischer produce some of their famous series.
** ''WesternAnimation/BettyBoop''. First appeared in 1930.
*** ''WesternAnimation/MinnieTheMoocher'' (1932).
*** ''WesternAnimation/SnowWhite'' (1933).
** ''Bimbo''
*** ''WesternAnimation/BimbosInitiation'' (1931).
** ''ComicStrip/{{Popeye}}''. Adapted to the medium in 1933.
*** ''WesternAnimation/PopeyeTheSailorMeetsSindbadTheSailor'' (1936).
*** ''WesternAnimation/PopeyeTheSailorMeetsAliBabasFortyThieves'' (1937).
*** ''WesternAnimation/PopeyeInAladdinAndHisWonderfulLamp'' (1939)
** ''WesternAnimation/ColorClassics''. Series started in 1934.
* Creator/UbIwerks started his own studio. Creating a few memorable series.
** WesternAnimation/FlipTheFrog. First appeared in 1930.
** WesternAnimation/WillieWhopper. First appeared in 1933.
** WesternAnimation/ComiColorCartoons. Series started in 1933.
*** ''WesternAnimation/BalloonLand'' (1935).
* ''WesternAnimation/HappyHarmonies'' by Creator/HarmanAndIsing. The series started in 1934.
** ''WesternAnimation/GoodLittleMonkeys'' (1935).
* ''WesternAnimation/MGMOneshotCartoons'' started appearing in 1937.
** ''WesternAnimation/PeaceOnEarth'' (1939).
* ''Creator/VanBeurenStudios'' (1928-1936): Created several animated series from the late 1920's up to 1936.
** ''WesternAnimation/FelixTheCat'': Included a brief sound revival of the [[WesternAnimation/FelixTheCatClassic original Felix the Cat cartoons.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AndyPanda''. First appeared in 1939.
* ''WesternAnimation/BarneyBear''. First appeared in 1939.
* ''WesternAnimation/TaleSpin''. Created in 1990, set in the 1930s.

!!Works made, but not set, during the thirties:

* See FilmsOfThe1930s
* See LiteratureOfThe1930s
* See MusicOfThe1930s

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* ''ComicStrip/PrinceValiant''. First appeared in February, 1937. Set in TheMiddleAges.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/DetectiveComics'': Series started in March, 1937.
* ''Comicbook/MarvelMysteryComics'': The first superhero comic anthology made by Marvel (then known as Timely Comics) in late 1939.

* Radio/TheLoneRanger. First appeared in January, 1933.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/GulliversTravels'' (1939).