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[[quoteright:348:[[Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Cameos_4165.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:340:A group shot of some of the [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters many, many characters of the day]], circa 1947. [[note]] The lineup includes; MickeyMouse, BugsBunny, BettyBoop, DonaldDuck, [[SylvesterCatAndTweetyBird Sylvester and Tweety]], Pinocchio, DaffyDuck, MinnieMouse, Dopey, [[LooneyTunes Yosemite Sam]], Peter from [[Disney/MakeMineMusic Disney's Peter and the Wolf]], PlutoThePup, {{Bambi}}, [[FunAndFancyFree The Singing Harp]], and several other unnamed characters.[[/note]]]]

->''"We didn't make them for anybody, we made them for ourselves, which was probably the most sensible way to do it anyway."''
-->-- '''Creator/ChuckJones''', ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' director.

''The Golden Age Of Animation'' is a period in [[HistoryOfAnimation animation history]] that began with the advent of Steamboat Willie on November 18th 1928 also with Fleischer's, Warner's and MGM's rise to prominence in the years following. It faded out in the late [[TheFifties 1950s]] / early [[TheSixties 1960s]] when theatrical animated shorts slowly began losing ground to the new medium of television animation.

Many memorable characters emerged from this period, including MickeyMouse, WesternAnimation/BugsBunny, WesternAnimation/DonaldDuck, WesternAnimation/DaffyDuck, ComicStrip/{{Popeye}}, WesternAnimation/BettyBoop, WesternAnimation/WoodyWoodpecker, WesternAnimation/MightyMouse, WesternAnimation/MrMagoo, WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry, and a [[WesternAnimation/SupermanTheatricalCartoons popular adaptation]] of {{Superman}}, among many others that haven't survived along the way. Feature length animation also began during this period, most notably with WaltDisney's first films: ''Disney/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs'', ''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}'', ''Disney/{{Fantasia}}'', ''Disney/{{Dumbo}}'', and ''Disney/{{Bambi}}''.

Prior to 1928, animation was a dying novelty; less than 23% of theaters carried animated short subjects, and the demand wasn't high for them; ''WesternAnimation/FelixTheCat'' and ''WesternAnimation/OutOfTheInkwell'' were the only series of prominence during this period, and even they were starting to lose steam by the closing of the twenties. [[FleischerStudios Max Fleischer]], creator the ''Inkwell'' series, was a principal investor in Red Seal Pictures which was a distribution company that produced a variety of films not limited to animation, until it went defunct in 1927. This came shortly after Max was experimenting with animated lip-synch through his groundbreaking animation series ''Song Cartunes''-- namely with their final effort ''By The Light of the Silvery Moon''. The series, which lasted from 1924 - 1927 although synchronized sound wasn't incorporated until 1926, is argued by many to be the first sound animation, although that distinction could arguably be credited to Princeton Sound Test of 1925 and some of Edison's obscure animation experiments with [[LimitedAnimation cut-out animation]] which had sound incorporated into it.

Regardless Max's series pioneered the use of [[FollowTheBouncingBall the bouncing ball]]. Ironically, Lee Dee Forrest's sound on film process which Fleischer used had been patent infringed by Pat Power's (this is how the cinephone came to be) and sold to Disney. After ''Song-Cartunes'' and ''Red Seal Distribution'' company went under, Max didn't have the necessary funds to pay back the film labs to have the negatives returned, so Alfred Weiss took care of the payments and help establish a deal with Creator/{{Paramount}} Pictures, which lasted until the Fleischer's company was acquired by them in 1942. Pat Sullivan, owner of the Felix cartoons, was mourning the death of his wife, and his addiction to booze made it increasingly difficult to discuss business matters with him, even moreso after his subsequent mental degeneration, and death. So in all likelihood this played a role in him not seeing the potential of sound.

Paul Terry incorporated sound within the release of ''Dinner Time'', a month before the release of ''SteamboatWillie''. However, it lacked the appeal and believability of the latter film due to it being post-synchronized, meaning the sound was synchronized after the animation had been completed, making the characters feel out of place. Paul Terry was encouraged by [[Creator/VanBeurenStudios Amadee Van Beuren]] to continue producing sound animation, but he rejected the offer and was fired on the spot. He then decided to start a business partnership with Frank Moser, noted for being an exceedingly fast animator with a huge output, leaving John Foster to lead Amadee's department.

This gave ''Creator/WaltDisney'' the leverage he needed to progress within the industry. Charles Mintz rejected his proposal to raise the budget on his ''WesternAnimation/OswaldTheLuckyRabbit'' cartoons, and threatened to lower the budget and recruit his staff including HarmanAndIsing and Creator/FrizFreleng. Walt persevered, and managed to have UbIwerks provide him drawings that would serve as the groundwork for MickeyMouse. They had produced ''PlaneCrazy'' and ''Gallopin Gaucho'' without much praise or reception, when doing a silent release for ''SteamboatWillie''. They came to the conclusion that the only way to have Mickey ever be marketable was to exploit the profitability of sound film. Steamboat Willie was derived from ''SteamboatBillJr'', a Creator/BusterKeaton feature of the day also the title of a novelty song by Arthur Collins.

Meanwhile, Charles Mintz was not fulfilling his promise to improve the state of Oswald for Creator/{{Universal}}, and thus had the carpet pulled out from under him. The series was given to Creator/WalterLantz after he won a poker game against owner Carl Leammel. Lantz, who started his animation career at the ''International Film Service at Hearst'', collaborated with [[Creator/BrayStudios J.R. Bray]] on such series such as ''WesternAnimation/DinkyDoodle'' and ''Unnatural History'', and was a gag writer for Mack Sennett. Lantz in collaboration with BillNolan produced the remaining OswaldRabbit shorts beginning in 1929 and lasting into 1937[[note]] with a failed revival attempt in 1943[[/note]], around this point Creator/TexAvery began making his earliest creative contributions to the field of animation; His work is easily noticeable through such entries like ''Grandma's Pet'' and ''Towne Hall Follies''. In many instances Avery filled in for Bill Nolan when it came to directing duties. Bill Nolan departed Lantz in 1935, he later resurfaced in Max Fleischer's Miami venture in the late thirties where he was credited as an animator for ''WesternAnimation/GulliversTravels''.

Early cartoons were very musically oriented and simply drawn, for obvious reasons--animation was an expensive medium and in order to remain profitable, the cartoons had to be produced and rushed out as quickly as possible, with little time for refinement--using public domain music (or in Harman and Ising's case, the entire Warner Bros. music library) solved the music problem, allowing song snippets to be quickly added and timed to the animation. Color got off to a slow start: while cartoons were initially hand-colored on occasion in the past (e.g. in the works of Winsor [=McCay=]), it wasn't until the appearance of the animated segment of the 1930 Creator/{{Universal}} film ''The King of Jazz'', that the first cartoon to make use of the (two-strip) Technicolor process appeared. Then in 1930, former Disney veteran UbIwerks brought color to standalone sound cartoons via the first ''WesternAnimation/FlipTheFrog'' cartoon "Fiddlesticks." for Creator/{{MGM}} studios. A few years later, Disney followed suit with its lushly colored WesternAnimation/SillySymphonies short "FlowersAndTrees"--however, studios like Creator/WarnerBros, Fleischer and Creator/TwentiethCenturyFox's Creator/{{Terrytoons}} would stick to black & white until many years later.

But regardless of the rising quality of cartoons, they were still relegated to be merely filler material that played before the main attractions of feature length films, however, and animation wasn't getting the treatment it truly deserved. Creator/WaltDisney went out of his way to put a stop to that notion--he was constantly pushing technical boundaries in his cartoons, in an attempt to be the best studio out there-he quickly abandoned the old fashioned weightless rubberhose cartoons and began integrating more naturalistic techniques into his works, which contributed to his wide success. However, Walt soon came to realize that no matter how much effort he put into these shorts, they would never be particularly profitable--this was because the shorts' wages depended on the length of the film, rather than popularity. Thus came Walt's next big step for animation--in 1934, he began work on America's first feature length animated motion picture and finished it just in time for Christmas 1937: ''Disney/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs''.

[[OlderThanTheyThink While the idea of a feature length animated film was nothing new to foreign countries]], [[WesternAnimation/PopeyeTheSailorMeetsSindbadTheSailor and the Fleischers made their own 20 minute short feature the year before]], this was the first one to have both sound and color, and had shockingly high quality animation and art productions which blew all of the competition away and ''still'' manages to hold up to this day. That and Walt's simple yet effective story formula--use the ''characters'' to define the movie, and not have the ''plot'' define the movie. While Snow White was originally derided during production as ''[[ItWillNeverCatchOn Disney's Folly]]'', even by his own wife, when the film unspooled in theaters, it was an instant success, receiving universal praise from critics and audiences and for its time was the most financially successful motion picture ever made.

But all was not well, for Disney's influence was a very mixed blessing for the whole industry. On one hand, it began building on the idea that animation could compete with live action in a way that earlier cartoons could not, but on the other hand, the animation became much, much more expensive and also required much more skilled draftsmen, robbing many animators from previous years of their jobs, due to no longer being able to keep up with the high demands of their studios. Also, almost every studio from the time period--sans Creator/{{Terrytoons}}--[[FollowTheLeader began copying Disney's works]]. Soon, everybody, from the [[Creator/MaxAndDaveFleischer Fleischer brothers]], [[Creator/MetroGoldwynMayer [=MGM=]]]'s big budget studio led by former Disney veterans HarmanAndIsing, to even low budget outlets like Creator/WalterLantz, Creator/VanBeurenStudios and the UbIwerks studio were trying to ape Disney. Nonetheless, all of these attempts led to dead ends, as those studios only copied the superficial aspects of Disney cartoons--the fairytale-like settings, color and lush animation, but none of Disney's character or storytelling skills which helped make them such a hit to begin with.

Fortunately for the other studios, the tables were turned on Disney when rising star WesternAnimation/BugsBunny made his debut in 1940, incidentally the same year when Disney experienced the disastrous failures of ''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}'' and ''Disney/{{Fantasia}}''. Soon, ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' became the prime cartoon series of the era, complete with other studios trying to cash in on this new breed of [[ZanyCartoon gag cartoons]], including the then struggling Disney, among them being Creator/WalterLantz's ''WesternAnimation/WoodyWoodpecker'', Creator/TexAvery's [[WesternAnimation/TexAveryMGMCartoons MGM shorts]], ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'', Creator/ColumbiaCartoons' ''WesternAnimation/TheFoxAndTheCrow'', ''WesternAnimation/HermanAndKatnip'', among many other imitators. Despite the limitations in budget, resources and manpower due to the [[WorldWarII War effort of the time]], many animation connoisseurs consider the 1940s to be the peak of this era, where comedic timing and [[TheTwelvePrinciplesOfAnimation fluid animation]] was easily at its highest point in animation history.

To some, the decline of this era began at some point in the early 1950s. Due to rising production costs and changing tastes, animators were forced to cut more and more corners in their work and gradually adjust to the newer styles coming out at the time. [[ColumbiaCartoons UPA]]'s excessive use of LimitedAnimation in TheFifties actually rose to popularity. The rise of television didn't appear to help matters either. Eventually, with the inevitable FallOfTheStudioSystem that had managed cartoons before, cartoons gradually declined in quality, and as a result began to fall out of popularity in theaters. Banished to television, they looked like mere shadows of their former glory. [[VindicatedByCable But help]] [[AnimatedAnthology was on]] [[SaturdayMorningCartoon the way.]]

For a more comprehensive history of the era, visit TheOtherWiki's take of it [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Age_of_American_animation here.]]

For this era's precursor, go to TheSilentAgeOfAnimation. For its successor, check out TheDarkAgeOfAnimation. And for a taste of some of the best cartoons this era has to offer, take a gander at ''The50GreatestCartoons'' and ''Literature/The100GreatestLooneyTunes'' lists. For the live action film equivalent of this era, visit TheGoldenAgeOfHollywood.

[[foldercontrol]]

[[index]]

[[folder: Characters, Series, Films and Their Studios]]

! '''WaltDisney Productions'''

* WesternAnimation/ClassicDisneyShorts:
** '''MickeyMouse''' (1928-1953): Appeared in 125 short subjects from 1928 to 1953, made three feature length film appearances [[note]] Those being "Hollywood Party", "The Sorceror's Apprentice", and "Mickey and the Beanstalk"[[/note]] and was the initial big star of Disney.
** '''WesternAnimation/DonaldDuck''': Appeared in 1934, graduated to his own series in the late 1930s, and starred in approx. 166 shorts, and made [[Disney/TheReluctantDragon five]] [[SaludosAmigos feature]] [[TheThreeCaballeros animated]] [[FunAndFancyFree film]] [[MelodyTime appearances]].
** '''WesternAnimation/{{Goofy}}''': Appeared in 1932, starring in many Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck cartoons prior to getting his own series in 1939, which lasted for 50 shorts.
** '''WesternAnimation/PlutoThePup''': Appeared in 1930, starring in many Mickey Mouse cartoons and even one standalone short in 1937 until he graduated to his own series in 1940, which lasted for 44 shorts, ending in 1951.
** '''{{Figaro}}''': A very short-lived spinoff of ''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}'', lasting for three shorts, and the character guest starred in four Pluto cartoons.
** '''WesternAnimation/ChipAndDale''': Recurring characters that debuted in 1943 and lasted up till 1956, making appearances in Pluto and Donald Duck cartoons, and even starred in three of their own short subjects.
** '''HumphreyTheBear''': Guest starred in WesternAnimation/DonaldDuck cartoons in TheFifties and starred in a few shorts of his own.
** '''WesternAnimation/SillySymphonies''' (1929-1939): A pioneering series of cartoons, generally centered around [[MickeyMousing synchronized music]], and used to experiment with animation techniques. Lasted from 1929 to 1939 for 75 shorts. Inspired many knockoffs and imitations in the 30s.
** '''[[MiscellaneousDisneyShorts Misc. Disney Shorts]]''': This includes shorts that weren't branded under a specific series name, such as some of the {{Wartime Cartoon}}s, WesternAnimation/FerdinandTheBull, and the AdventuresInMusicDuology.
* Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon: Everything listed before ''Disney/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'' (and below) is Golden Age Disney material:
** '''Disney/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs''' (1937): The original animated (any kind of animation) feature in the USA and original hand-drawn feature worldwide.
** '''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}''' (1940): Disney's first major flop, on account of WorldWarII more than anything.
** '''Disney/{{Fantasia}}''' (1940): A financial and critical disaster in its first release, [[VindicatedByHistory but time has been rather kind to this film.]] Also the first feature length movie appearance of Mickey Mouse.
** '''Disney/{{Dumbo}}''' (1941): The first of Disney's budget features, made to recoup the losses of ''Pinocchio'' and ''Fantasia''.
** '''Disney/{{Bambi}}''' (1942): Walt's personal favorite of all his original films.
** '''Disney/SaludosAmigos''' (1942 / 1943): A film made as a message of good will to Latin America. Also Disney's shortest feature at 40 minutes. Also the first of Disney's budget anthology flicks.
** '''Disney/TheThreeCaballeros''' (1944 / 1945): The follow up to Saludos Amigos.
** '''Disney/MakeMineMusic''' (1946): Another music oriented anthology package.
** '''Disney/FunAndFancyFree''' (1947): Mickey's second feature appearance, mostly known for Mickey and the Beanstalk, more than the first half of the film "Bongo."
** '''Disney/MelodyTime''' (1948): Yet another music oriented anthology film.
** '''Disney/TheAdventuresOfIchabodAndMrToad''' (1949): The last of Disney's package films.
** '''Disney/{{Cinderella}}''' (1950): The movie that pulled Disney out of its slump and put it back on top.
** '''Disney/AliceInWonderland''' (1951): An initially derided flop ([[CreatorBacklash including from Walt himself]]) but the years have been very kind to the film.
** '''Disney/PeterPan''' (1953): One of Disney's most beloved Golden Age films.
** '''LadyAndTheTramp''' (1955): Disney's first feature length film in Cinemascope.
** '''Disney/SleepingBeauty''' (1959): The end of Disney's Golden Age.
* Non-Canon Works:
** '''Around The World In Eighty Minutes''' (1931): Contains a brief animated sequence featuring Mickey Mouse.
** '''My Lips Betray''' (1933): Disney provided an animated sequence for this 20th Century Fox picture.
** '''Servants Entrance''' (1934): Another Fox feature that Disney provided an animated sequence for.
** '''Hollywood Party''' (1934): While this is actually an {{MGM}} film, the bulk of which is live action, one segment featured animation done entirely by Disney in the vein of their WesternAnimation/SillySymphonies--and a brief sequence of MickeyMouse [[RogerRabbitEffect interacting with]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Durante Jimmy Durante]].
** '''Disney/TheReluctantDragon''' (1941): A feature made prior to Disney/{{Dumbo}} in an attempt to make some quick cash for Disney, the bulk of it is centered around journalist Robert Benchley, who is touring Disney's then-new Burbank studio in an attempt to sell the story "The Reluctant Dragon" as a movie, all while getting a humorous behind-the-scenes look at the animation process, complete with a few animated segments, the most noteworthy being the "Baby Weems" segment, told entirely through storyboards [[LimitedAnimation with almost no animation.]]
** '''Victory Through Air Power''' (1943)
** '''Disney/SongOfTheSouth''' (1946)
** '''So Dear to My Heart''' (1948)

----
! '''Leon Schlesinger Cartoon Studio/Warner Bros Cartoon Studio:'''

* '''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes''': WesternAnimation/BugsBunny, WesternAnimation/DaffyDuck, WesternAnimation/PorkyPig, WesternAnimation/SylvesterTheCatAndTweetyBird, WesternAnimation/PepeLePew, WesternAnimation/FoghornLeghorn, WesternAnimation/WileECoyoteAndTheRoadRunner, etc. The best-known and best-loved non-Disney cartoons of the Golden Age. Started as a series of WesternAnimation/SillySymphonies clones until the studio began GrowingTheBeard and both titles wound up just being umbrella titles for all of their cartoons.
* '''[[WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes Merrie Melodies]]''': Same as above.
** The bulk of the '''LooneyTunesAndMerrieMelodiesFilmography''' was made during this time period. Check them below to see how much work was done during the time.
*** '''LooneyTunesInTheThirties''': Covers the short from 1929 to 1939.
*** '''LooneyTunesInTheForties''': Covers the shorts from 1940 to 1949.
*** '''LooneyTunesInTheFifties''': Covers the shorts from 1950 to 1959.
** The '''WesternAnimation/CensoredEleven'''
** '''WesternAnimation/BoskoTheTalkInkKid''' (1929-1933): The recurring star of the original WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes shorts.
** '''WesternAnimation/PrivateSnafu''': A CultClassic WartimeCartoon series made by this studio.
** '''Seaman Hook''': Another series made by the studio that lasted for four shorts--three of them were made by Leon's studio, while one was outsourced to the Creator/WalterLantz studio. The main character was also designed by ''ComicStrip/DennisTheMenaceUS'' creator Hank Ketcham.
** '''Whens Your Birthday''' (1937): A live action film with an animated sequence in the opening, which was directed by Creator/BobClampett.
** '''She Married A Cop''' (1939): Features a trip through an animation studio (undoubtably Termite Terrace, although the story claims it is a New York Cartoon Studio) complete with an animated cartoon featuring ersatzes of Porky and Petunia Pig.
** '''Two Guys From Texas''' (1948): Features an animated segment, where WesternAnimation/BugsBunny makes a cameo.
** '''My Dream is Yours''' (1949): While the bulk of it is a live action feature film, it has a live action / animation segment starring WesternAnimation/BugsBunny.

----
! '''{{MGM}} Cartoons'''

** '''WesternAnimation/HappyHarmonies''': A series of Silly Symphonies clones made by [[HarmanAndIsing Hugh Harman and Rudolph Ising]]. This series also features appearances from WesternAnimation/BoskoTheTalkInkKid, in both his original inkblot design, [[ValuesDissonance as well as a full on blackface kid redesign.]]
** '''The Captain And The Kids''': The first series of cartoons produced by the new in-house {{MGM}} cartoon studio. This was a disasterous series of short subjects adapted from the Katzenjammer Kids comics. Creator/FrizFreleng directed some of these during his brief tenure at MGM, and could attest that they warranted failure.
** '''Count Screwloose''': A ''very'' short lived series based on Milt Gross's classic comic characters "Count Screwloose of Tooloose and J.R. The Wonder Dog" made in an attempt to make up for the failure of ''The Captain And The Kids''. Milt himself was hired to direct both shorts.
** '''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry''': MGM's most popular shorts, created by [[Creator/HannaBarbera Will Hanna and Joseph Barbera]].
** '''Anchors Aweigh''' (1945): A mostly live action film, most notable for the famous sequence of Gene Kelly [[RogerRabbitEffect dancing with]] Jerry Mouse.
** '''Dangerous When Wet''' (1953): Another live action film featuring a RogerRabbitEffect sequence, featuring Esther Williams alongside Tom and Jerry underwater.
** '''Invitation to the Dance''' (1956): A Gene Kelly film featuring several very well done RogerRabbitEffect sequences.
** '''WesternAnimation/MGMOneshotCartoons''': {{MGM}} also made many unsorted shorts that were not part of any running series, even before Creator/TexAvery arrived at the studio, works such as "Officer Pooch", "The Homeless Flea", "Little Buck Cheeser", "The Mad Maestro", "The Stork's Holiday", "PeaceOnEarth" and so on.
** '''WesternAnimation/BarneyBear''': An unfortunate ChewToy character created by Rudolph Ising at MGM, right around the time the studio began to make its cartoons more comical and less cutesy. Barney Bear starred in several shorts between 1939 and 1954, but these shorts are often overshadowed by Tom and Jerry and Tex Avery's MGM shorts.
** '''WesternAnimation/TexAveryMGMCartoons''': This includes ScrewySquirrel, {{Droopy}}, and a LOT of oneshots.
** '''Film/ForbiddenPlanet''' (1956): Notable for the [[RogerRabbitEffect live action/animation]] scene of the [[EldritchAbomination ID Monster]], made by Disney animator Joshua Meador, who was loaned out to MGM by Disney.

----
! '''FleischerStudios''':
** '''WesternAnimation/OutOfTheInkwell''' / '''Inkwell Imps''' (1918-1929): Series ended just as the era began.
** '''WesternAnimation/{{Talkartoons}}''' (1929-1932): A series of sound cartoons initially starring recurring dog character [[UnfortunateName Bimbo]]. Eventually evolved into the WesternAnimation/BettyBoop series.
** '''WesternAnimation/ScreenSongs''' (1929-1938): A series of early sound cartoons that used Max's bouncing ball. Screen Songs would later be revived by FamousStudios.
** '''WesternAnimation/BettyBoop''' (1932-1939): One of the Fleischer brothers' most popular characters, [[MsFanservice and the first sex symbol of animation...]] that is, until the [[UsefulNotes/TheHaysCode Hays Office]] cracked down on the series from 1934 and onward, forcing the Fleischers to turn Betty into a bland nagging female character. Betty was also one of the favorite characters of anime legend OsamuTezuka. The Fleischers' original [[TheSilentAgeOfAnimation Silent Age]] cartoon star Koko the Clown would also make frequent appearances in her early shorts.
** '''[[ComicStrip/{{Popeye}} Popeye the Sailor]]''' (1933-1942): While the Fleischers didn't create the character (he was a popular comic character of the time) they helped mold him into what he's best remembered as today.
*** '''WesternAnimation/PopeyeTheSailorMeetsSindbadTheSailor''' (1936): A notable two-reeler, full color cartoon "feature", starring the sailor with a sock. The first of the three Popeye Color Specials.
*** '''WesternAnimation/PopeyeTheSailorMeetsAliBabasFortyThieves''' (1937): Another full color mini-feature, made as a follow up to Sindbad. Second of the Popeye Color Specials.
*** '''WesternAnimation/PopeyeInAladdinAndHisWonderfulLamp''' (1939): The third and last of the Popeye Color Specials.
** '''WesternAnimation/SupermanTheatricalCartoons''' (1941-1942): A series of big budget, [[{{Rotoscoping}} rotoscoped]] short subjects which helped cement [[{{Superman}} The Man Of Steel]] as a pop culture icon, as well as influence the entire DCAU and film-makers like Creator/HayaoMiyazaki. The first 9 shorts were handled by the Fleischers, while the other 8 were made by FamousStudios.
** '''WesternAnimation/ColorClassics''' (1934-1941): A series of Silly Symphonies clones made by the Fleischers due to ExecutiveMeddling from Paramount. These shorts also feature a 7 short sub-series called "Hunky and Spunky", starring the eponymous mother burro and her baby. Betty Boop also made an appearance in the first one.
** '''WesternAnimation/GulliversTravels''' (1939): The Fleischers' first stab at a feature length film [[FollowTheLeader in an attempt to cash in on Snow White's success.]] The film was a modest success at the box office.
** '''Film/MrBugGoesToTown''' (1941): The Fleischers' second--and last--animated film, which had the misfortune of being released just when Pearl Harbor was around the corner (two days to be exact), not to mention the lack of promotion from Paramount. As a result, the film tanked at the box office and was part of what brought Fleischer Studios to its demise.
** '''Gabby''' (1940-1941): A short lived series based on the town crier from ''Gulliver's Travels''.
** '''Animated Antics''' (1940-1941): A short lived series, largely composed of oneshot shorts. Two of them would feature characters from ''Gulliver's Travels''.
** '''Stone Age''' (1940): A short lived series of Caveman themed cartoons.
** '''Raggedy Ann and Raggedy Andy''' (1941): A two-reeler short subject centered on the characters.
** '''The Raven''' (1942): A two-reeler, color cartoon, which is an InNameOnly adaptation of "Literature/TheRaven".

----
! '''Universal Cartoons/The Creator/WalterLantz Studio''':

** '''WesternAnimation/OswaldTheLuckyRabbit''' (1929-1938, 1943): Initially made as a [[TheSilentAgeOfAnimation Silent Age]] cartoon star by Creator/WaltDisney, when his creator left he fell into the hands of Walter Lantz, the head of Universal's animation department, after Oswald had been taken from Charles Mintz's studio "Winkler Pictures" at that time, after Mintz had taken Oswald from Disney [[RuleOfThree beforehand.]] While he would continue making appearances throughout the thirties, he never regained his original popularity he earned under Disney's watch. The character was fairly popular early on, but was gradually phased out by 1938, with an ill-fated revival attempt circa 1943 (with the exception of a brief cameo in ''The Woody Woodpecker Polka'' during the early 50's).
** '''The King of Jazz''' (1930): Not the whole film, but the opening animated technicolor segment, the very first use of Technicolor in a cartoon, in fact.
** '''Pooch the Pup''' (1932-1933): 13 short comedies that were probably meant to give Lantz another star besides Oswald.
** '''Peterkin''': A oneshot short starring a character created by William Pogony, an attempt to launch a new star for Lantz.
** '''Meany, Miny and Moe''' (1936-1937): A series of 13 shorts centered around a trio of monkeys, who initially appeared in four Oswald shorts.
** '''Baby-Face Mouse'''
** '''Snuffy Skunk'''
** '''Doxie'''
** '''Jock and Jill'''
** '''WesternAnimation/AndyPanda''' (1939-1949): Universal and Walter Lantz's second major cartoon star after the Oswald series ran out of gas. Initially popular when he debuted in 1939, the cub almost as quickly fell out of popularity when WoodyWoodpecker [[BreakoutCharacter made his debut]] in one of his shorts. He would still pop up in the occasional short afterwards until he was completely phased out by 1949 (with the exception of a non-speaking cameo in The Woody Woodpecker Polka along with Oswald during the 50s, as well as an appearance in the Woody Woodpecker show special Spook-a-Nanny).
** '''WesternAnimation/WoodyWoodpecker''' (1941-1972): Lantz's attempt at [[FollowTheLeader cashing in on the]] ScrewySquirrel craze of the early 40's, which resulted in a beloved series of short subjects, making Woody a huge star and the official mascot of Universal Studios. He starred in 195 shorts.
** '''WesternAnimation/ChillyWilly''' (1953-1972): Another popular Universal cartoon character that debuted in the 50s. While this [[EverythingsBetterWithPenguins cute lil' penguin]] never reached the popularity of Woody Woodpecker, he did last long enough to get 50 shorts. Creator/TexAvery (after he left MGM) also directed two of his early cartoons, helping establish an identity for the series.
** '''Cartune Classics''' (1934-1942, 1953-1957): An on-and-off series of oneshot cartoons. Lasted for 51 shorts.
** '''Swing Symphonies''' (1941-1945): A 14 short series of musically oriented cartoons, often themed around top boogie woogie songs.
** '''Musical Miniatures''' (1946-1948: A short lived offshoot of Swing Symphonies, but themed around classical music. Only lasted for six shorts.
** '''Abbott And Costello Meet Frankenstein''': The studio animated the opening cartoon sequence for the film.
** '''Sioux City Sue''' (1947): A B-Western with a brief animated sequence done by Lantz.
** '''Film/DestinationMoon''' (1950): Woody Woodpecker makes a brief appearance, in his newly redesigned form, via an animated sequence explaining rocket propulsion.

----
! '''FamousStudios / Paramount Cartoon Studios'''
** '''[[ComicStrip/{{Popeye}} Popeye the Sailor]]''' (inherited from Fleischer Studios, 1942 1957)
** '''[[WesternAnimation/SupermanTheatricalCartoons Superman]]''' (inherited from Fleischer Studios, 1942 1943)
** '''WesternAnimation/{{Noveltoons}}''' (1943 1967)
** '''LittleLulu''' (1943 1948)
** '''WesternAnimation/LittleAudrey''' (1947-1958)
** '''Raggedy Ann''': Appeared in two shorts made by the studio: "Suddenly It's Spring" (1944), and "The Enchanted Square" (1947).
** '''ScreenSongs''' (1947 1951; a revival of the original Fleischer Studios series)
** '''WesternAnimation/HermanAndKatnip''' (1949 1959)
** '''WesternAnimation/CasperTheFriendlyGhost''' (Initially appeared in three Noveltoons short subjects, graduated to a standalone series from 1950 1959)
** '''WesternAnimation/BabyHuey''' (1950-1959)
** '''Kartunes''' (1951 1953): The spirtiual successor to Screen Songs.
** '''Modern Madcaps''': Initially appeared in 1958, right in the twilight years of this era, but lasted to 1967.

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! '''The Works of ColumbiaPictures [[ColumbiaCartoons Cartoon Studio]] (i.e. Charles Mintz, Screen Gems and UPA)''':

** '''KrazyKat''': An InNameOnly adaptation of the classic comic strip.
** '''Toby The Pup''': As mentioned already, initially produced by Mintz's studio.
** '''Scrappy''': An interesting anti-Mickey Mouse series of shorts created by Fleischer veteran Dick Heumer. [[IThoughtYouMeant Not to be confused]] [[ScoobyDoo with that other scrappy.]]
** '''Color Rhapsodies''': A series of color Silly Symphonies clones.
** '''Barney Google''': A very short lived series based on the Newspaper comics of the same name--was a flop and only lasted four films.
** '''Phantasies''': A series of B&W cartoons released to replace the Scrappy series.
** '''Fables''': Another series of B&W cartoons released to replace the Krazy Kat series.
** '''TheFoxAndTheCrow''': A 20 short series created by Warner Bros. veteran FrankTashlin. Arguably the most successful of Columbia's cartoons.
** '''Pete Pelican''': Another attempt at a series by Tashlin, but only lasted for two shorts.
** '''ComicStrip/LilAbner''': A brief attempt at an adaptation of this comic was attempted in 1944, but was ultimately a failure.
** The 40s Columbia studio also made many other oneshots or short lived attempts at launching potential new series, far too many to list here individually.
** In the late 40s, in Columbia's live action {{Superman}} serials, there would be a bizarre use of the RogerRabbitEffect, that when Superman takes flight, he ''turns into an animated version of himself'' (done due to budget constraints). These animated bits were done by ex-Disney veteran Howard Swift.
** '''WesternAnimation/MrMagoo''' of UPA-The most famous short sighted old person. He got his start in short animated films towards the tail end of the Golden Age.
** '''WesternAnimation/GeraldMcBoingBoing'''
** {{UPA}} also made many oneshot cartoons not part of any recurring series, such as "The Tell-Tale Heart" and "The Unicorn in the Garden".

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! '''The Works of Creator/{{Terrytoons}}''':

** '''WesternAnimation/MightyMouse''' (1942-1954, 1959, 1961): The cartoon star of Paul Terry for 20th Century Fox.
** '''WesternAnimation/HeckleAndJeckle''' (1946-1955, 1957, 1959-1961, 1966): Another beloved series of shorts made by Paul Terry.
** '''WesternAnimation/TomTerrific''' (1957-1958)
** '''WesternAnimation/SidneyTheElephant''' (1958-1963)
** '''WesternAnimation/{{Hashimotosan}}'''(1959-1963)
** '''Gandy Goose and Sourpuss'''
** '''Farmer Alfalfa''': Terry's original silent star who lasted all the way up to the late 50s!
** '''Dinky Duck'''
** '''Little Roguefort'''
** '''Kiko the Kangaroo'''
** '''Puddy the Pup'''
** '''The Terry Bears'''
** '''Hector Heathnote'''
** '''Luno'''

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! '''The UbIwerks Studio'''

** '''WesternAnimation/FlipTheFrog''': A series of animated shorts made by UbIwerks after he left Disney to make his own animation studio. Distributed, but not made, by {{MGM}}.
** '''WesternAnimation/WillieWhopper''': Another series made by Ub Iwerks, starring a young little boy. Also distributed by {{MGM}}.
** '''WesternAnimation/ComiColorCartoons''' (1933-1936): A 25 short series made by UbIwerks after he lost MGM as his cartoon distributor in favor of HarmanAndIsing's shorts. These cartoons being distributed through Pat Powers's "Celebrity Pictures." Predictably, the series was Iwerks' answer to Disney's Silly Symphonies shorts.

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! '''The Works of Creator/VanBeurenStudios'''

** '''Aesop's Fables, AKA "Aesop's Film Fables"''', which introduced one of the earliest sound cartoons, "Dinnertime", as well as hosting its sub-series "Cubby Bear."
** '''Amos N' Andy''': A short lived attempt at adapting the popular radio show of the 30s.
** '''The Little King''': An animated adaptation of the classic Newspaper Comic strip.
** '''Toddle Tales''': A very short lived RogerRabbitEffect-based series of cartoons made by Burt Gillett to help beef up the quality of Van Beuren's product.
** '''Rainbow Parade''': A color series of cartoons, which include obscure series like Toonerville Old Folks and Parrotville Old Folks. Many of the non-series Rainbow Parades are obvious knockoffs of Disney's WesternAnimation/SillySymphonies, typical of the 1930s.
*** '''WesternAnimation/FelixTheCat''': While Felix was very prominent in the silent era, the rise of sound film ultimately proved to be his downfall. However, he did receive a ''very'' brief three-cartoon revival via Van Beuren Studios' "Rainbow Parade" series during the 1930s. Unfortunately, despite the decent animation and use of sound, [[InNameOnly the shorts lacked the charm and spirit]] of the original Creator/OttoMessmer shorts and comics and Felix was hastily put back to rest again...until he was revived for a new TV series in the late 1950s/early 60's, ironically. These three shorts were directed by ex-Disney veteran Burt Gillett.
** '''Toby the Pup''': Initially produced by the Charles Mintz studio, a very cartoony, but short-lived series. Only twelve were made, and seven of those twelve are known to exist today.
** '''Van Beuren's Tom and Jerry''': Two bungling young men, one short, one tall. [[NamesTheSame Absolutely no relation]] to {{MGM}}'s WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry shorts.

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! '''Other Studios And Their Works:'''

** The Romer Grey Studio: A ''very'' short lived studio, notable for being the first studio Creator/RobertMcKimson worked at. Only two films were made by it, and both are lost. More info about this esoteric studio can be found in [[http://www.awn.com/mag/issue4.05/4.05pages/mallorygrey.php3 this article.]]
** The Ted Eshbaugh Studio: A very obscure, short lived early 30s California-based studio. Notable for producing some of the earliest color cartoons, such as "Goofy Goat Antics"-- StillbornFranchise that never went beyond one short.
** The John Sutherland Studio: An obscure industrial film producing animation studio.
** Creator/BrayStudios: Continued to produce industrial films during this era.
** The Jam Handy Studio, an industrial film company located in Detroit. In 1948, it would make the first animated adaptation of '''WesternAnimation/RudolphTheRedNosedReindeer'''. During the 40s to the 60's, the studio provided work for Max Fleischer, after he was booted out of his own studio.
** Alexander Film Co.: An esoteric colorado-based animation studio that produced many theatrical advertisements. Info on this studio can be found [[http://www.animationmagazine.net/top-stories/alexander-film-a-forgotten-toon-powerhouse/ here.]]
** Creator/BobClampett Productions: A studio started up by the ex-WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes director in the late 40s. It only managed to produce one short, "It's A Grand Old Nag", for Republic Pictures.
** ShamusCulhane Productions: A TV studio started by the veteran that produced thousands of TV spots and commercials.
** Joe Oriolo Productions: A TV studio started by ex-Fleischer/Famous animator Joe Oriolo in the very late 50s. Most notable work was the TV revival of FelixTheCat. This studio became a hang-out for many ex-Famous Studios staffers.
** Creator/HannaBarbera: The studio started in 1958, a year after MGM's animation department closed. First TV cartoon made was the esoteric ''Ruff and Ready''.
** '''Literature/TheSnowQueen''' (1957): A russian animated adaptation of the classic Creator/HansChristianAndersen story. Was dubbed in english in 1959, during the twilight years of this era. Its lush art and animation were undoubtably a standout from the more stylized animation of the time period, almost being a throwback to 1930s Disney animation and its followers.
** '''WesternAnimation/TheKingAndTheMockingbird''': The film started production during this time period, but was not finished until the 1980's.
** '''The Creator/NationalFilmBoardOfCanada''': Got its start in this era, producing counter-mainstream animation shorts.
** George Pal's '''WesternAnimation/{{Puppetoons}}''': A series of StopMotion short subjects. WesternAnimation/BugsBunny would make a cameo in one of them.
** '''Grampaw Pettibone''': An ultra rare series of {{Wartime Cartoon}}s. At least two of these shorts still survive, one made by Warner Bros., the other made by {{UPA}}. [[http://www.cartoonbrew.com/classic/grampaw-pettibone-by-warner-bros-cartoons.html See them here.]]
** '''David Hand's Animaland''': A series of British Disney-esque shorts. Only lasted for nine shorts, as they were unable to find distribution in the US.
** '''Music Paintbox''': Another series of foreign David Hand shorts.
** '''Alice in Wonderland''' (1933): This live action Creator/{{Paramount}} Pictures film contains a brief animated segment adapting the tale of "The Walrus and the Carpenter", directed by HarmanAndIsing, and animated by Creator/FrizFreleng.
** '''The Air Force Base Unit AKA First Motion Picture Unit''': A military based animation studio lead by [[HarmanAndIsing Rudy Ising,]] usually consisting of oneshot cartoons, although they did have a "star" character called Trigger Joe. The studio produced loads of films, but unfortunately due to them believing their films only had ephemeral value, little of their work has survived to this day.
** '''Audio Productions''': A little-known animation studio that produced the short [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gT-R73ArSCM "Once Upon a Time"]], which is an advertisement for Metropolitan Life insurance.
** '''WesternAnimation/CrusaderRabbit''': The first animated TV series, and the first from Jay Ward, who later became prominent during TheDarkAgeOfAnimation (particularly thanks to ''RockyAndBullwinkle'').
** '''Literature/AnimalFarm''': The 1952 AnimatedAdaptation of the book, as well as the first widely released animated film from the United Kingdom.[[note]]A previous film, StopMotion film ''Handling Ships'', was only meant to be viewed by the British navy, so it was never publicly released in theaters.[[/note]]
** '''WesternAnimation/TheLittleIsland''' (1958): The first animated film made by RichardWilliams.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Blogs and Websites Dedicated To This Era Of Animation]]
* UsefulNotes/AnimationResources: A large, open to public animation museum, filled with juicy info and instructional materials from this era. You can find it [[http://animationresources.org/ here.]]
* Classic Cartoons: A site full of frame grabs and old comics based on classic cartoon characters. Full of juicy, obscure stuff. See it [[http://classiccartoons.blogspot.com/ here.]]
* Deja View: A blog ran by Disney animator Andreas Deja. Dedicated mostly to classic Disney, particularly the work of Creator/DisneysNineOldMen. See it [[http://andreasdeja.blogspot.com/ here.]]
* Duck Walk: A website with observations of old cartoons. See it [[http://www.blogger.com/home?pli=1 here.]]
* Inkwell Images: A classic cartoon DVD company founded by animator and historian Ray Pointer, its main claim to fame being its WesternAnimation/OutOfTheInkwell collections. You can find it [[http://www.inkwellimagesink.com/ here.]]
* Jerry Beck's Cartoon Research: A classic cartoon website run by animation historian and Blog/CartoonBrew founder Jerry Beck. Also has a section where you can aquire thousands of rare, but unrestored cartoons on research [=DVDs=]--[[CrackIsCheaper but not for cheap!]] See it [[http://www.cartoonresearch.com/ here.]]
* John K Stuff: A controversial blog (not surprising; Creator/JohnKricfalusi is a very polarising cartoonist), but chock full of info and frame grabs on old cartoons and comics all the same. See it [[http://johnkstuff.blogspot.com/ here.]]
* Mayerson On Animation: An ideal blog for fans of Classic Disney. See it [[http://mayersononanimation.blogspot.com/ here.]]
* Micheal Barrier.Com: An acclaimed animation historian's website, full of rare historial stuff and interesting observations of old and new cartoons. See it [[http://www.michaelbarrier.com/ here.]]
* Shane Gline's Cartoon Retro: Another classic cartoon dedicated blog. See it [[http://cartoonretro.blogspot.com/ here.]]
* The Blackwing Diaries: A blog made by a Cal Arts animator, with, take a guess, stuff centered on old cartoons. See it [[http://blackwingdiaries.blogspot.com/ here.]]
* The [[NoteworthyLooneyTunesStaff Rod Scriber]] Project: A blog dedicated to tracking down scenes of animation done by famous WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes animator Rod Scriber. See it [[http://rodscribner.blogspot.com/ here.]]
* The Sacred Tree Of The Aracuan Bird: Another ideal blog for fans of Classic Disney. See it [[http://aracuanbird.blogspot.com/ here.]]
* This Blog's A LOAD Of Cartoons: Another blog full of stuff related to classic cartoons and comics. See it [[http://toonsandtelly.blogspot.com/ here.]]
* Thunderbean: A classic cartoon DVD company that has released many superb collections of rare cartoon matierial, some of which can be found on their [[http://www.thunderbeananimation.com/ website.]] The rest can be found listed under their works on Amazon.com.
[[/folder]]
[[/index]]

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!!Tropes associated with this era include:

* AcmeProducts
* AllAnimationIsDisney: The trope got its start here. And it only got worse from then on.
* AllBalloonsHaveHelium
* AlliterativeName: The vast majority of the characters from this era had names like this.
* AmusingInjuries
** AnvilOnHead
** IllogicalSafe
** NonFatalExplosions
** SquashedFlat
* AndCallHimGeorge
* AnimationBump
* ArtEvolution: Animation as a whole slowly went through this phase from TheSilentAgeOfAnimation to TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation. Early cartoons were very crudely made-they were very stiff, rigid and mechanical in appearance and movement, had no construction, no line of action, lots of symmetry (which made them look flat) and the body parts were piled onto each other, rather than being directly connected by form. This began changing when Disney began forming and refining TheTwelvePrinciplesOfAnimation, as well as animators like Fred Moore altering Mickey's design to become more pear-like and organic, allowing it to not only be three-dimensional, but also be more pliable and organic than the earlier, rigid designs from shorts like PlaneCrazy and SteamboatWillie. Disney immediately adapted this to their other characters, and everyone else in the animation industry (sans MaxAndDaveFleischer) copied this immediately, sending classic rubberhose animation to its grave within a few years.
* AshFace
* AssInALionSkin
* BigBallOfViolence
* BloodlessCarnage
* BornInTheTheatre
* BuzzsawJaw
* CartoonBomb
* CartoonCheese
* TheCatCameBack
* CatchThatPigeon
* CatConcerto
* ChasteToons: Main characters of several cartoon series were inexplicably forced to take care of their mysterious nephews quite often during this era. The nephews tended to be triplets.
* CirclingBirdies
* ClipShow: Started appearing increasingly more often in the 50s, signaling the twilight of the Golden Age in some ways.
* ConspicuouslyLightPatch: AKA The Fudd Flag. Very, very prominent in this era of cartoons. [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] in that the coloring done by cel artists is meant to keep the movable objects from blending into the backgrounds.
* CranialEruption
* DaffyDuck
* DerangedAnimation: Just watch some of the old Fleischer cartoons. Also, Warner's "Porky in Wackyland".
* {{Disneyfication}}
* DisneySchoolOfActingAndMime
* DoingItForTheArt: In full swing during this era, especially in the case of the WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes staff and HannaBarbera's work at MGM.
* DuckSeasonRabbitSeason
* EekAMouse
* EndOfAnAge: By the '60s these sort of cartoons gradually went out of style, and even with attempted revivals of some of it's most successful franchises, like ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' and ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'', no ones ever really been able to truly capture it's style of comedy (mainly due to humor changing through the years and ValuesDissonance making the revivals LighterAndSofter).
* EpisodeTitleCard
* EraSpecificPersonality
* EyePop
* FleetingDemographicRule: This was partly why a lot of series rehashed plots after enough years had gone by (most notably ComicStrip/{{Popeye}}). Another reason was that theaters didn't often rerun old shorts, especially after color became widely used.
* FollowTheLeader: Even back ''then''. In the 1930s everyone wanted to be like Disney, with their popular and successful ''Silly Symphonies'' shorts. But by the 1940s when WesternAnimation/BugsBunny and ScrewySquirrel-type characters became more popular than {{Ridiculously Cute Critter}}s, everyone wanted to be like WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes, even Disney.
* FunnyAnimal
* GenreThrowback: Creator/DonBluth's early films were intended as throwbacks to the older, more emotionally powerful Disney films, right down to only using traditional animation techniques in his works.
** EpicMickey also appears to have many homages and shout outs to Mickey's early cartoons, and even older, forgotten/scrapped Disney characters. Mickey even has his old dot eyes, Disney's original cartoon star Oswald is making his official comeback in this game, and Warren Spector even said the game is meant to be heavily influenced by ''Disney/{{Fantasia}}''. KingdomHearts, this is not.
** Speaking of KingdomHearts, ''one entire level'' of Kingdom Hearts II called ''Timeless River'' is meant to be one big throwback to the early Black and White Disney shorts, right down to being in black and white and even having grainy, mono-track sound! Even the heartless of this level are given a cartoony Golden Age-esque makeover.
** Also, the ''entirety'' of the video game MickeyMania is made as one big throwback to several of Mickey's adventures over the years, including ''SteamboatWillie'', ''TheMadDoctor'', ''Moose Hunt'', ''Disney/LonesomeGhosts'', ''MickeyAndTheBeanstalk'', ''Disney/ThePrinceAndThePauper'', and in the Genesis/Sega CD versions, a homage to ''Disney/TheBandConcert'' is included as a bonus level.
** ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'' is also a heavy throwback to Golden Age Animation, right down to the movie being ''set'' during this era. Many, many Golden Age cartoon stars also make cameos in this movie.
** ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}'' and ''TinyToonAdventures'' are also intended as throwbacks to the Golden Age Warner Bros cartoons.
*** In fact, TinyToonAdventures did a throwback to the classic black and white WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes in the episode ''Two Tone Town''.
** While not a ''total'' throwback, WordOfGod has stated that WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries intentionally draws many of its elements, aesthetically and story-wise, from the Fleischer Superman theatrical shorts. One episode in particular, ''Christmas With The Joker'' even has a few clever shout outs to those shorts.
** JohnLasseter has said that ''ThePrincessAndTheFrog'' is intended as a throwback to the early Disney films.
** ''Disney/{{Tangled}}'', at least the art of it and how it uses its CGI, draws an astounding amount of influence from the early Disney films as well. Or at least, it did.
** TheFairlyOddparents had one episode which served as a throwback to golden age animation. (specifically, the early black and white toons of UbIwerks-even using a similar art style)
** ''Twisted Tales of Felix the Cat'' is one huge throwback to this era, as well as TheSilentAgeOfAnimation, mainly the surreal works of Max Fleischer.
** The SpongebobSquarepants episode "Truth or Square" did a bizarre late 20s cartoon style throwback, complete with being filmed in black and white, and ''every single thing has a face.''
** The first part of the ''{{Futurama}}'' episode ''Reincarnation'' is an obvious homage to FleischerStudios.
* GravityIsAHarshMistress
* ImpactSilhouette
* InstantBandages
* IronButtmonkey: Common character type for antagonists.
* KarmicTrickster
* LimitedSpecialCollectorsUltimateEdition: Usually averted with most collections of toons from this era--many PublicDomain cartoons can be found readily available on budget [=DVDs=] for dirt cheap. Although more popular stuff like the Warner Home Video DVD sets (i.e. Looney Tunes Golden Collection Vol. 1-6, Popeye the Sailor Vol. 1-3) plays this a bit more straight (although they're still very common and readily available to the public) this trope is played perfectly straight with the Walt Disney Treasures DVD series and the rereleases of Disney's Golden Age films.
* LiteralAssKicking
* MeatOVision
* MouseHole
* MostWritersAreMale
* NegativeContinuity
* NonFatalExplosions
* PepperSneeze
* PieEyed: Earlier on for the most part.
* PieInTheFace
* PlungerDetonator
* PublicDomainAnimation: A whole bunch of cartoons from this era wind up falling into the PublicDomain.
* RidiculouslyCuteCritter: They ran rampant during a period in the 30s when almost all of the cartoon studios were trying to emulate Disney's successful ''Silly Symphonies'' series. Some might mark the infamous moment in the short ''Screwball Squirrel'' beats up a cute squirrel as the final nail in the coffin of this trend.
* RoadRunnerVsCoyote
* RogerRabbitEffect: Was actually being done going back into TheSilentAgeOfAnimation. Many of Betty Boop's and Koko the Clown's old cartoons incorporated live action footage. There was also the WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes short "You Oughtta Be In Pictures", WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry's cameo appearance in Gene Kelly's ''Anchors Aweigh'', and WesternAnimation/DonaldDuck lusting after human ladies in TheThreeCaballeros.
* {{Rotoscoping}}: An animation technique involving drawing over live-action film, this was developed during the Silent Age and perfected during the Golden Age. Notable uses of it include Disney's ''Disney/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs'', and the BettyBoop cartoon "Minnie The Moocher" in which the dance moves of CabCalloway were traced onto [[DerangedAnimation a singing walrus.]]
* RubberHoseLimbs: Especially in the 30s.
* RuleOfAnimationConservation: Was initially very common thanks to the efficiency of rubber hose characters...until Disney began demanding more realistic, dynamic and natural animation in his works-his imitators promptly followed suit ('''especially''' MGM). Studios like Universal, Fleischer and Warner Bros. usually stuck by this trope all the way however, as they had to cope with generally low budgets that would have made it impossible to reach the level of quality the works of Disney and MGM reached. This trope became increasingly more common during the twilight years of this era, however, even with big budget studios like Disney and even MGM. Naturally, this trope and it's sister trope LimitedAnimation would grow and spin completely out of control by the dawn of [[TheDarkAgeOfAnimation the next era.]]
* ScoobyDoobyDoors: Got it's start during the golden age. Creator/TexAvery was fond of these.
* ScrewySquirrel: Both a breed of character that spawned during this era ''and'' a short-lived character himself.
* SeenItAllSuicide
* ShadowOfImpendingDoom
* ShoutOut: ''SonOfTheMask'' is ''loaded'' with shout outs/cameos of characters from this era, and even its cartoon violence is reminiscent of this era.
** Whereas [[Film/TheMask the first film]] had tons of Creator/TexAvery references, so much so that he could have co-written it.
* SimpletonVoice: [[Literature/OfMiceAndMen "Duh, which way did he go George?"]]
* SlapStick
* SweepingAshes
* TalkingAnimal
* {{Toon}}
* ToonPhysics
* VindicatedByCable: After movie theaters stopped running cartoon shorts, series such as ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' and ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'' went on to become Saturday morning staples and rose to even higher popularity than in their heyday, to the point where [[OlderThanTheyThink many people will be surprised when you tell them the cartoons came out in the 1940s.]]
* VindicatedByHistory: Many of Disney's films from the 40s post Snow White were actually financial flops, and it wasn't until later theatrical re-releases of these films that the studio was able to make a profit off of them.
* WartimeCartoon: Each one full of examples of politically incorrect material as well, in the way the Japanese were represented. WesternAnimation/BugsBunny and ComicStrip/{{Popeye}} have some of the most infamous examples. However, one must keep in mind that this was still an age in which a character left wearing {{Blackface}} after NonFatalExplosions was practically a trope all on its own.
* WhatDoYouMeanItsNotForKids: Where to even start? Betty Boop in particular refuged in this until the [[UsefulNotes/TheHaysCode Hays Office]] finally cracked down on her in 1934. The Creator/HannaBarbera duo, Creator/TexAvery, and Creator/ChuckJones stated explicitly that WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry and the WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes series were cartoons that were made for an ''adult'' audience.
** Ironically, the children of that same ''adult'' demographic would become its single most important audience.
* WhiteGloves
* WildTake: Codified by Creator/TexAvery.
* WishFulfillment: For some of the shorts of the era, it certainly seemed that way.

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