->''"TV is such a monster. It swallows up all this animation so fast that nobody seems to care whether it's good or bad. These kids shows are badly done technically; it seems as though nobody really looks at them but the kids… the networks don't look at the show, they just look at the ratings. If the ratings are good, to heck with the show. They don't care whether it's just a bouncing ball."''
-->--'''Creator/FrizFreleng''', sharing his feelings about some of the [[AnimationAgeGhetto detrimental effects]] of the era.

The unfortunate successor to TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation, slowly setting in at the late 1950s and slowly fading out at some point during the '80s.[[note]]The Dark Age ended for animated movies some time before the change would spread to television as well, not fully disappearing until Creator/{{Disney}} and Creator/WarnerBros improved television animation standards in the late '80s and early '90s.[[/note]] LimitedAnimation was the rule, not the exception during this time. Its start coincided with the UsefulNotes/FallOfTheStudioSystem in Hollywood. The theatrical short slowly died off, and cartoons moved to television. Naturally, this era would leave a lasting impression on American culture, for better or for worse, as the [[AnimationAgeGhetto primary target audience for cartoons]] became children.

Originally, LimitedAnimation was primarily an [[DoingItForTheArt artistic choice]] for filmmakers like Creator/ChuckJones, Robert Cannon, and John Hubley who were tired of {{Disneyfication}}. With the death of UPA and Creator/{{MGM}} animation studios, it became primarily about saving [[ExploitedTrope time and money]].[[note]] Much like the debate over [[AdobeFlash Flash Animation quality today]].[[/note]] Creator/HannaBarbera was very prominent during this time, thanks to how cheaply produced and rushed their television cartoons were. Given how these series [[SpeechCentricWork used dialogue over visuals]] to move the stories forward, they became what Jones would describe with justified derision as "illustrated radio". Still, they created not only successful kids fare like ''WesternAnimation/YogiBear'', but prime time series like the enduring ''WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones'' and the influential AdventureSeries ''WesternAnimation/JonnyQuest'', which created a whole new television animation genre. Unfortunately, the studio soon fell into a crippling creative rut with the SaturdayMorningCartoon timeslot, which led to them endlessly copying the concepts of their successful shows like ''Franchise/ScoobyDoo'' and ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' and long running shows like ''WesternAnimation/SuperFriends''.

Creator/{{Filmation}} also got its start during this time, although it wouldn't hit its stride until much later during the 80's. In the meantime, it ''did'' give us shows like ''WesternAnimation/StarTrekTheAnimatedSeries'' (which was a continuation of the [[Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries original show]] after it was cancelled) while Creator/BillCosby's ''WesternAnimation/FatAlbertAndTheCosbyKids'' was a surprisingly enduring {{Edutainment}} change of pace. However, like Hanna-Barbera, they also relied on notoriously low budget animation (even more so than H-B) and corner cutting to get their cartoons out as quickly and cheaply as possible. Hanna-Barbera writers Joe Ruby and Ken Spears also formed Creator/RubySpears around this time and churned out a number of properties based on [[WesternAnimation/MisterT celebrities]], [[RubikTheAmazingCube toys]], and other {{Animated Adaptation}}s of sitcoms, mimicking their former employer's animated style to a T. Creator/FrizFreleng kept his own hand in the field with Creator/DePatieFrelengEnterprises, which supervised the final batch of theatrical WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes shorts and then created ''WesternAnimation/ThePinkPanther'' and various series before being purchased by MarvelComics to become Marvel Productions.

Unfortunately, the budgetary constraints became ever more onerous on producers, with rock bottom arguably being ''ClutchCargo'' with its ridiculous "SynchroVox" method of using live action lips speaking the dialogue; at least Gantray-Lawrence's xerography method for ''WesternAnimation/TheMarvelSuperHeroes'' largely captured the heady energy of artists like Creator/JackKirby to make it look like the Superhero comics have come to life. Furthermore, the AnimationAgeGhetto was made all the worse with [[MoralGuardians parents groups]] pressuring the networks to impose ever more onerous and arbitrary content restrictions, such as TheComplainerIsAlwaysWrong and NeverSayDie while classic cartoons like ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' were censored to near oblivion. In fact, it got to the point where basic ''conflict'', the soul of drama, was all but discouraged on [[SaturdayMorningCartoon Saturday mornings]], creating bland stuff like ''WesternAnimation/TheGetAlongGang'', and the short development period for greenlit shows before the season opening made things worse. However, that lobbying did have some positive results – the push for educational programmings helped create the classic ''WesternAnimation/SchoolhouseRock'' shorts, which taught whole generations with wonderfully tuneful songs.

In somewhat better artistic position was the realm of prime time TV specials, which didn't have the overwhelming budgetary and production time demands of full series. For instance, there was [[Creator/RankinBassProductions Rankin-Bass]], which created a large series of StopMotion productions in a process called Animagic such as ''WesternAnimation/RudolphTheRedNosedReindeer'' and ''WesternAnimation/SantaClausIsCominToTown''. There was also the animated adaptation of the ''ComicStrip/{{Peanuts}}'' comic strip by Lee Mendelson Film Productions, which started with the classic ''WesternAnimation/ACharlieBrownChristmas'' whose rushed production was more than compensated with a profound artistic sincerity and the jazz music compositions by Music/VinceGuaraldi.

However, this does not mean ''everything'' from this era was ''bad''. Creator/{{Disney}}'s output remained respectable and generally well animated. However, the failure of the lavish feature film ''Disney/SleepingBeauty'' prompted both a downsizing of the animation studio and a retreat from fairy tales for the next 30 years. These changes showed in their next feature, ''Disney/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'', their first film to be unambiguously set in contemporary times. Furthermore, the studio took advantage of a new technology called xerography, a dry photocopying process that eliminated the need to hand-ink the animation, which was the only practical way to produce a film with such visual complexity. However, the technology only allowed for black outlines, which forced a hard scratchy visual style for years until ''Disney/TheRescuers'' when softer outlines with various colors were possible.

In addition, Walt Disney began to draw away his focus on films due to his increased interest for television and theme park projects at the time. Disney had been feeling more and more creatively stifled as the decades moved on; the bold, experimental projects that had made him a household name in the 1920s and 1930s nearly ruined him in the 1940s as audiences' tastes changed. In the 1950s he decided to play it a bit safer and released more family-friendly material, while focusing his energy on other ventures. He attempted one last shot at a more experimental animated film at the end of the decade with ''Sleeping Beauty'', but as mentioned above the film was a box office failure. That consequently had a noticeable effect on the quality of the 1960s Disney films, and the death of Walt in the middle of the decade hit the company ''extremely'' hard, sending their studio into a hard slump post-''[[Disney/TheJungleBook Jungle Book]]''. Although they would release [[Disney/TheManyAdventuresOfWinnieThePooh a]] [[Disney/TheRescuers few]] [[Disney/TheGreatMouseDetective features]] that critics enjoyed and made money, Disney continued to struggle until the release of [[WesternAnimation/WhoFramedRogerRabbit two]] [[Disney/TheLittleMermaid movies]] in the late 80's that were huge hits with critics and audiences and showed that they finally recovered enough to be compared to their Golden Age heights.

WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes was still producing some decent and entertaining shorts late in TheFifties, as some of its most memorable shorts were from this decade. Animation quality was down, but the writing, along with the direction of Creator/ChuckJones, managed to produce some timeless classics in spite of that. However, due to budget problems, Creator/WarnerBros forcibly shut down its animation studio for good in this era. (Although a brief revival was unsuccessfully attempted late during the '60s). The characters would get a revival in the form of the smash hit anthology repackaging series ''[[WesternAnimation/TheBugsBunnyRoadRunnerShow The Bugs Bunny Show]]'', which [[VindicatedByCable reaired]] many of their old theatrical cartoons and, being exposed to younger audiences, ultimately helped to immortalize the characters as pop culture icons. In syndication, ''The Porky Pig Show'' did the same for many other shorts that weren't shown on its parent series. (And not just Warner Bros., either; if any motion picture company had a theatrical short to their name, animated or [[Film/TheThreeStooges not]], they would be on the bandwagon). The surviving players of the [[GoldenAgeOfAnimation Golden Age]] were about to get back in the game in a big way.

LimitedAnimation pioneer Hubley did his best work at UPA in the '50s, with theatrical shorts such as ''WesternAnimation/GeraldMcBoingboing''. Later he left UPA and became a noted independent animator, producing a series of distinctive and personal films with his wife Faith. And this was a booming period for trippy, avant-garde European animation such as ''FantasticPlanet'' and ''WesternAnimation/YellowSubmarine''. In Canada, the Creator/NationalFilmBoardOfCanada encouraged exploration in all kinds of DerangedAnimation techniques, most famously with the work of [[Creator/NormanMclaren Norman McLaren]] who produced wildly creative shorts like ''Begone Dull Care'' (DrawnOnFilm animation set to Oscar Peterson's jazz music), ''Neighbours'' (pixilation) and ''Pas de deux'' (ballet with optical printing enhancements).

Animator Creator/RalphBakshi, who got his start in this era working in the twilight years of Creator/{{Terrytoons}}, rose to prominence during this era thanks to ''WesternAnimation/FritzTheCat''. This film, along with ''Literature/WatershipDown'', challenged the idea that cartoons were solely [[AnimationAgeGhetto "kids' stuff"]], an idea that was becoming increasingly popular at the time due to the diminishing quality of the cartoons of that time period, as well as people becoming overly familiar with the Disney style of family oriented entertainment coming out.

Bakshi would also go on to make a variety of animated features that challenged the AnimationAgeGhetto such as an animated adaptation of ''WesternAnimation/TheLordOfTheRings'', which despite ''[[LoveItOrHateIt extremely]]'' mixed critical reaction was ultimately a box office success. Lesser films included the downbeat urban drama, ''WesternAnimation/HeavyTraffic'', the musical history drama ''WesternAnimation/AmericanPop'' and the Frazetta inspired fantasy, ''WesternAnimation/FireAndIce''. The Canadian ''WesternAnimation/HeavyMetal'' would create its own cult interest late in the game (1981) with its erotic dark fantasy stories set to throbbing music. Even Hanna-Barbera brought a respectable adaptation of ''Literature/CharlottesWeb'' to the big screen in 1973. Some cartoons from this era may have had mediocre to poor animation but were ultimately saved by good writing; shows like ''WesternAnimation/RockyAndBullwinkle'' would be a particularly good example of that. Likewise, Creator/{{Terry Gilliam}}'s surreal animated skits in ''[[MontyPython Monty Python's Flying Circus]]'' – utilizing his own artwork, antique photographs, and classical music and military marches played at double speed – would prove to be enormously influential.

Also, {{Anime}} was making its first impact in North America with such imports as ''Anime/AstroBoy'', ''Anime/SpeedRacer'', ''Anime/StarBlazers'', ''Manga/KimbaTheWhiteLion'' and ''Anime/BattleOfThePlanets''. While it often was crudely {{Bowdlerized}}, the form's distinctive look and content created a cult following that would eventually grow into much more.

[[RussianReversal The Soviet Russia reversal]], however, is still at its dirty job. Behind the "iron curtain", many [[EasternEuropeanAnimation USSR cartoons]] saw a light at the end of the tunnel. Some are dark, some are educational, some are just damn fun. And not only were they successful inside the country (we're not even speaking about a huge amount of fans who love them even today and make English translations of these cartoons for you)… [[Animation/OnceUponADog one]] even got a ton of awards. Considerably, the animation cut ''was not an option'' for Ivan Ivanov-Vano's cartoons made in this era, every one of which made you feel like you're back to Disney's times of rise when hand-drawn people and animals moved as smooth as never before (and after). However, EasternEuropeanAnimation also brought us Gene Deitch's ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'' shorts in the 1960s, which were… [[DerangedAnimation interesting to say the least]].

AnimationAgeGhetto is a trope that has its roots firmly planted in this era. Check it out to see the full impact of this era on the typical viewer's idea of a cartoon nowadays.

Chances are whenever you see a parody of this era or something that was made during it, it's either a TakeThat or an AffectionateParody at the least.

For this era's successor, see TheRenaissanceAgeOfAnimation (which lasted from the 1980s through the '90s).

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Characters, films and series that are associated with this era]]
* The Adventures of Lariat Sam (1962)
* ''WesternAnimation/AliceOfWonderlandInParis''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheAlvinShow'': The original 1960s series of ''Franchise/AlvinAndTheChipmunks''.
* ''WesternAnimation/AmericanPop'': A drama film by Creator/RalphBakshi that came out at the end of the Dark Age.
* ''Comicbook/{{Aquaman}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheAtomAntShow''
* ''WesternAnimation/BambiMeetsGodzilla'': One of The50GreatestCartoons.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheBananaSplits''
* ''WesternAnimation/BanjoTheWoodpileCat'': Creator/DonBluth's first solo project, which showed some light at the end of the very dark tunnel this era of animation was. A few years later, he would quit Disney and form his own animation company, which would fuel the animation renaissance.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Batfink}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/BeanyAndCecil''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheBeatles''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Birdman}}'' (more notable for ''HarveyBirdmanAttorneyAtLaw'', its [[TheMillenniumAgeOfAnimation Millennium Age]] spoof than the actual show)
* {{Bunnicula}} (1982): An animated adaptation of the series of books by Ruby-Spears.
* Calvin and the Colonel (1961)
* ''Literature/CharlottesWeb'' (1973)
* ''WesternAnimation/ClueClub''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Coonskin}}'' (1975)
* ''Cri-Cri el Grillito cantor'': A 1963 Mexican film with an animated sequence that Disney contributed.
* ''WesternAnimation/DastardlyAndMuttleyInTheirFlyingMachines''
* Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon: This is known to some as Disney's "sketchy" period, referring to the style of animation these movies employed. Animated movies were made on the cheap, often recycling animation from older Disney classics. Creator/DonBluth got his start here as well, as anyone with a good eye for animation will be able to tell just by watching these. With the death of Walt Disney, the dark age of animation hit the company particularly hard. The Disney studios were nearly closed for good around this time, and wouldn't recover until the 1980s.
** ''Disney/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'' (1961)
** ''Disney/TheSwordInTheStone'' (1963)
** ''Disney/TheJungleBook'' (1967): The final film made while Walt was alive.
** ''Disney/TheAristocats'' (1970)
** ''Disney/RobinHood'' (1973)
** ''Disney/TheManyAdventuresOfWinnieThePooh'' (1977)
** ''Disney/TheRescuers'' (1977)
** ''Disney/TheSmallOne'' (1978): Shown in theaters with the re-release of ''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}''.
** "Cri-Cri el Grillito Cantor (Chi-Chi, the Singing Cricket)" (1963); South American feature with an animated segment guest starring Disney's ThreeLittlePigs.
* ''WesternAnimation/DownAndDirtyDuck''
* ''WesternAnimation/FatAlbertAndTheCosbyKids''
* ''WesternAnimation/FelixTheCat'': In the very late 1950s, Felix managed to snag himself a decent TV series, and even introduced his iconic magic bag of tricks, even though his character was still using the flanderized portrayal similar to the ill-fated 1930s Van Beuren ''Felix'' revival.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones''
** ''WesternAnimation/FredAndBarneyMeetTheThing''
* ''WesternAnimation/FluppyDogs''
* ''WesternAnimation/FrankensteinJr. and the Impossibles''
* ''WesternAnimation/FritzTheCat'': [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotForKids Don't expect this one to be like any of the others on the list.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheFunkyPhantom''
* ''WesternAnimation/GeraldMcBoingBoing'': The popularity of UPA and its LimitedAnimation in TheFifties can be seen as the beginning of the 'dark age', though it would take a while for the cartoon studios' output to decline in quality. Nevertheless, it should be noted that it was the [[FollowTheLeader excellence of several UPA shorts]], [[LostInImitation such as this one]], that made LimitedAnimation acceptable.
* ''WesternAnimation/GeorgeOfTheJungle''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheGodzillaPowerHour''
* ''WesternAnimation/GooberAndTheGhostChasers''
* ''GoldenBookVideo''
* ''Literature/HaroldAndThePurpleCrayon'' shorts: ''A Picture for Harold's Room'' (1971) and ''Harold's Fairy Tale'' (1974)
* ''WesternAnimation/HeavyMetal'': Came out at the end of the Dark Age.
* ''WesternAnimation/HeavyTraffic''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheHobbit'' and ''WesternAnimation/TheReturnOfTheKing'': Surprisingly good animation for its time, co-produced by Creator/RankinBassProductions and Japan's Creator/{{Topcraft}} (which would later become an important contributor to Creator/StudioGhibli).
** ''WesternAnimation/TheReturnOfTheKing'' became noticeably darker in content and production quality, though.
* ''WesternAnimation/HongKongPhooey''
* ''WesternAnimation/HokeyWolf''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheHoundcats''
* ''WesternAnimation/HowTheGrinchStoleChristmas''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheHuckleberryHoundShow''
* ''WesternAnimation/IlEtaitUneFois''
* ''WesternAnimation/InchHighPrivateEye''
* Milton The Monster
* The Mini-Munsters (1973): An unsold tv pilot intended as an animated spinoff of the Munsters tv series.
* ''Film/TheIncredibleMrLimpet'' (1964): A RogerRabbitEffect driven film.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Jabberjaw}}'': Pretty much ''Franchise/ScoobyDoo'' [[RecycledInSpace UNDER WATER]] with a shark that sounds like [[Film/TheThreeStooges Curly]].
* ''WesternAnimation/TheJackson5ive''
* ''WesternAnimation/JanaOfTheJungle''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheJetsons''
* Jim and Judy in Teleland: A series of super low budget made for tv cartoons.
* ''WesternAnimation/JonnyQuest''
* ''WesternAnimation/JosieAndThePussyCats''
* ''WesternAnimation/LaffALympics''
* ''WesternAnimation/LippyTheLionAndHardyHarHar''
* LooneyTunesInTheSixties: This era covers the final days of Termite Terrace before they closed the studio.
* LooneyTunesInTheSeventiesAndOnward: Post-Termite Terrace.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLordOfTheRings'': Specifically, Ralph Bakshi's animated adaptation of it.
* ''WesternAnimation/MadMonsterParty''
* ''WesternAnimation/MagillaGorilla''
* ''Film/MaryPoppins'': Had an animated segment which made use of the RogerRabbitEffect.
* Mel-O-Toons
* The Mighty Hercules: A tv series produced by Joe Oriolo. The lead characters design was notably the inspiration for the DCAU design of Superman.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheMightyHeroes''
* ''WesternAnimation/MightyMouse''
* ''WesternAnimation/MrMagoo''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheNewAdventuresOfSuperman''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheNineLivesOfFritzTheCat''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheNightTheAnimalsTalked'': An early '70s TV ChristmasSpecial directed by ShamusCulhane.
* The Nutty Squirrels: An obscure made for tv cartoon series.
* ''ComicStrip/{{Peanuts}}'' (the various TV specials, ''The Charlie Brown and Snoopy Show'', and feature films) -- a high point of LimitedAnimation from the period, not so much for the graphics which were [[JustifiedTrope lifted directly]] from the newspaper comic as for the mature storytelling and jazzy soundtrack.
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePerilsOfPenelopePitstop''
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePinkPanther'': Created by Creator/FrizFreleng, after he left the WarnerBros animation studios. Has [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin strangely little]] to do with the live action films.
** The animated Pink Panther shorts were loosely based on the ''title sequence'' of the film. There's actually a better connection between the film and the animated "The Inspector" shorts which were sometimes included as part of the Pink Panther TV show, where the title character was … let's call it "inspired" … by the Clouseau character.
* ''Literature/ThePlagueDogs'' by Martin Rosen, a followup to ''WatershipDown'' which proved to be a GenreKiller for dark adult WesternAnimation due to its content. It's basically ''GraveOfTheFireflies'' with puppies. Creator/BradBird worked on the film.
* ''WesternAnimation/QuasiAtTheQuackadero'': One of The50GreatestCartoons.
* ''WesternAnimation/QuickDrawMcGraw''
* Q.T. Hush (1960)
* ''Westernanimation/RaggedyAnnAndAndyAMusicalAdventure''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheRobonicStooges'', as well as the earlier ''Film/TheThreeStooges'' cartoon that included live action segments.
* ''WesternAnimation/RockyAndBullwinkle''
* ''WesternAnimation/RogerRamjet''
* ''WesternAnimation/SabrinaAndTheGroovieGoolies''
* ''WesternAnimation/SchoolhouseRock''
* ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDooWhereAreYou'' and its many clones
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Sealab 2020}}'', (more notable for its [[TheMillenniumAgeOfAnimation Millennium Age]] spoof ''{{Sealab 2021}}'')
* ''WesternAnimation/SecretSquirrel'': The original incarnation.
* ''Shinbone Alley'' (1971): Animated feature adaptation of both the musical of the same name, as well as the ''Archy and Mehitabel'' stories the musical was adapted from.
* ''WesternAnimation/SpaceGhost''
* ''WesternAnimation/SpeedBuggy''
* ''WesternAnimation/StarTrekTheAnimatedSeries''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Superfriends}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheThiefAndTheCobbler'' was produced during this period. By which we mean the [[DevelopmentHell entire thirty-year duration]] of the period, before its creator RichardWilliams lost control of the project after briefly obtaining funding to distribute it following the success of ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'', one of the films that [[RogerRabbitEffect definitively ended]] TheDarkAgeOfAnimation.
* ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'': Revived three times during this era. First by Gene Deitch (the less said, the better), then by Creator/ChuckJones (generally considered the best produced theatrical cartoons of the 1960s, though that isn't saying much), and finally as a HannaBarbera [[WesternAnimation/TheTomAndJerryShow TV series]] (which {{Flanderized}} the characters beyond recognition, ironically by the very people who created them in the first place).
** Filmation would revive ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'' once again just as the Dark Age was winding down, though [[WesternAnimation/TheTomAndJerryComedyShow this adaptation]] suffered from the same DerangedAnimation as the Gene Deitch shorts. And yet it was ''still'' more true to the original shorts than Hanna-Barbera's TV series.
* ''WesternAnimation/TopCat''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Underdog}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/WackyRaces''
* ''WesternAnimation/WaitTillYourFatherGetsHome'': The UrExample of the animated dysfunctional family (think ''AllInTheFamily'' if it were a cartoon series), which would later inspire all the FOX animated sitcoms about dysfunctional or quasi-dysfunctional families (''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill'', ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'', and ''TheClevelandShow'').
* ''Music/TheWall'', with its animated segments.
* ''WatershipDown'' by Martin Rosen. Concept drawings by John Hubley for the dream sequences. Hubley wanted to do the whole film in LimitedAnimation using Aboriginal-style 60s-70s primitive expressionism. He left the film over "creative differences" with Rosen, who wanted detailed and bloody naturalism. You decide [[ArtShift which parts]] of the film are [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotForKids more disturbing]].
* ''WesternAnimation/WheelieAndTheChopperBunch (1974)
* ''WinkyDink''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Wizards}}''
* WesternAnimation/WoodyWoodpecker: His theatrical cartoons would keep going up till 1972, and he also had a hit TV series appearing during this era.
* ''WesternAnimation/YellowSubmarine'': featured a whos-who of British animation from the period. And Music/TheBeatles.
* ''WesternAnimation/YogiBear''
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Animators who are directly associated with this era]]
* [[Creator/DePatieFrelengEnterprises David [=DePatie=] and Isidore "Friz" Freleng]]
* [[Creator/{{Filmation}} Norman Prescott and Lou Scheimer]]
* [[Creator/HannaBarbera William Hanna and Joseph Barbera]]
* Creator/RalphBakshi: Got his start early in this era as a worked at Creator/{{Terrytoons}} during its late years, later became the most prominent independent animator in this time period.
* Creator/JohnKricfalusi got his start late in this era as a worker at Creator/{{Filmation}}. He does ''not'' have fond memories of the place.
* [[Creator/RankinBassProductions Arthur Rankin Jr. and Jules Bass]], producers of most of the classic {{Christmas Special}}s
* Creator/ChuckJones
* John Hubley: helped pioneer LimitedAnimation as high art during his tenure at UPA studios before being shown the door; died prior to release of ''Literature/WatershipDown''.
* Gene Deitch
* Creator/DonBluth
* Creator/JuneForay: Did a lot of the voice acting she was famous for during this era.
* Creator/OsamuTezuka: Started doing animation in this era.
* Creator/OsamuDezaki: Started at Mushi (Osamu Tezuka's studio) in this era.
* Creator/HayaoMiyazaki: Started at ToeiAnimation in this era.
* [[Creator/RubySpears Joe Ruby and Ken Spears]], who founded Ruby-Spears around this time.
* Isao Takahata: Though he came from Nippon Dōga-sha during TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation of the 1940s (post-WorldWar2), he did many things when Nippon Dōga-sha became ToeiAnimation in this era.
* Yasuo Ōtsuka
* Yōichi Kotabe
* Creator/BobClampett
* Creator/NationalFilmBoardOfCanada's animation staff who produced some of the most creative professional animation of this era
** Most notably, [[Creator/NormanMclaren Norman [=McLaren=]]].
[[/folder]]
[[/index]]

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!!Tropes associated with this era include:

* AnimalSuperheroes: Mighty Mouse, Atom Ant, Underdog, Batfink…
* AnimatedAdaptation: for example, ''Film/TheThreeStooges'' cartoons, ''WesternAnimation/StarTrekTheAnimatedSeries'', Filmation's adaptations of ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'', ''SuperFriends'', ''WesternAnimation/TheBeatles'', etc.
* AnimationAgeGhetto
** A notable aversion is ''WesternAnimation/StarTrekTheAnimatedSeries'', which remains the only Trek series to earn an Emmy Award in a non-technical field.
* BandToon
* ChristmasSpecial: These were in vogue during this era, and most of the classics we know today were made during this age.
* ConspicuouslyLightPatch
* DerangedAnimation: It was TheSixties after all. Many people mistakenly think this trope started during this era, which is not the case.
* DorkAge: In full swing with many established franchises at this point in time.
* EverybodyDoTheEndlessLoop
* EverybodyLaughsEnding
--> '''Scooby Doo''': Scooby-dooby-doo!
--> '''Everyone else''': Ahahahahahaha! *iris out on Scooby's face, occasionally with a wink*
* {{Expy}}: If a character was popular and successful during that era another cartoon show will make a character very similar to that character.
* FiveManBand
* FollowTheLeader: Half the Saturday morning cartoons in the '70s[[note]]A large number of which were [[SelfPlagiarism produced by Hanna-Barbera themselves]][[/note]] can be summed up as "''Scooby Doo'', but instead of a dog they have…"
** A car (''Speed Buggy'')
** A shark (''Jabberjaw'')[[note]]Who Also doubled as an Expy of Curly Howard.[[/note]]
** A ghost (''The Funky Phantom'')
** A ''different'' ghost (''The Galloping Ghost'')
** A different ''dog'' (''Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kids'')
** Another different dog (''The Buford Files'')
** ''Another'' different dog (''Goober and the Ghost Chasers'')
** ''Two'' dogs! (''[[WesternAnimation/ClueClub Clue Club]]'')
** A band manager (''Josie and the Pussycats'' … they also had a cat, but the Scooby role was basically filled by the manager)
** A caveman (''Captain Caveman and the Teen Angels'')
** A ''bunch'' of cavemen (''Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm'')
** A werewolf (''WesternAnimation/{{Fangface}}'')
* GratuitousAnimalSidekick / TeamPet: Moptop, along with two pandas.
* HalfHourComedy
* HumansAreWhite
* LaughTrack: Why they'd need it in ''animation'', who knows. But many of the shows were basically sitcoms on lower budgets than live action.
* LazyArtist
* LimitedAnimation
* LimitedWardrobe
* MassiveMultiplayerCrossover: Hanna-Barbera, which owned most of the popular cartoon characters on television at the time, was able to do this a lot.
* MotionlessChin
* NarmCharm
* OffscreenCrash
* PrimeTimeCartoon: This trend lasted until the late 1960s (save for numerous animated specials), though it has been revived during the beginning of TheRenaissanceAgeOfAnimation.
* RecycledInSPACE: A recurring theme (''WesternAnimation/{{Jabberjaw}}'' is ''Scooby-Doo'' under water, ''The Mighty Mightor'' was Space Ghost as a caveman, ''Gilligan's Planet'' LITERALLY had the Castaways in space, etc.), particularly for the [[SaturdayMorningCartoon Sat AM]] Hanna-Barbera and Filmation cartoons.
* RingAroundTheCollar
* SaturdayMorningCartoon: Saturday Morning cartoons experienced their heyday during this period. Not only were Hanna-Barbera cartoons regular airings, but cartoons from TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation would be exposed to a new generation, and in some cases, [[VindicatedByCable become even more widely popular]] [[VindicatedByReruns than they were originally]].
* ScoobyDoobyDoors
* SpeechImpairedAnimal
* TeamPet
* UnmovingPlaid
* WackyRacing
* WheelOFeet
* WraparoundBackground
* YouMeddlingKids: In all the Scooby-Doo-esque shows.

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