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The ''Takarazuka Revue'' is an all-women Japanese [[TheMusical musical]] theatre troupe operating out of Takarazuka, in the Hyōgo Prefecture of Japan. Established in 1913 and based upon the original casting format of [[KabukiSounds Kabuki theatre]], Takarazuka productions stand out for having highly-trained female actresses [[CrossCastRole play all of the roles]].

The troupe is popular with female audiences, as the performances are usually very {{melodrama}}tic and elaborately designed, with loads of gorgeous costumes, and handsome male characters who are masculine without its worst traits (such as coarseness or possessiveness). Actresses are required to be trained for two years at a special (and very prestigious) in-house school. After their first year of training, the class is split up into two specialisations: ''musumeyaku'' (woman's role) and ''otokoyaku'' (man's role). The latter are groomed to play the {{Cross Cast Role}}s: during this time the actresses cut their hair short, wear pants rather than skirts, and [[UsefulNotes/JapanesePronouns speak with masculine pronouns]]. ''Musumeyaku'' and ''otokoyaku'' are almost exclusively cast in their designated roles, though some very versatile ''otokoyaku'' can also play female roles.

While the shoujo concept of {{Bifauxnen}} is more or less derived from this, it's interesting to note that ''both'' roles are extremely popular with [[{{Squee}} younger fangirls]] (apart from the main audience of women in their 30s to 50s). The obvious implications are not lost on people; ''many'' shows will make an overt joke on the [[SchoolgirlLesbians tastes of said fangirls]], although offically the troupe tends to avoid commenting on the phenomenon. Because of the way homosexuality is seen in Japan (i.e. fine among young people, but inappropriate once eligible for marriage), it's commmonly accepted that a young girl's first crush will be on a Takarazuka actress.

Also of note: Anime pioneer Creator/OsamuTezuka's hometown is also the base of the Takarazuka theater troupe; Tezuka was a fan all his life, and wrote a clause into his will that left a small portion of his fortune to the company to help finance future productions. In turn, Takarazuka produced a musical based on his ''Manga/BlackJack'' in 1994.

!!Common tropes include:

* ActorShipping
* {{Bifauxnen}}
* CostumePorn
* FluffyFashionFeathers
* HoYay
* {{Melodrama}}
* TheMusical
* PeacockGirl
* PimpedOutDress
* ShowgirlSkirt

!!Shows they have adapted:


[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* One of the longest running shows in Takarazuka Revue (and probably the most popular) is the stage adaptation of ''The Manga/RoseOfVersailles''. Oscar Francois de Jarjayes is generally held as the highest role an actress in the Revue can achieve because it is simultaneously an ''otokoyaku'' and ''musumeyaku'', a fine line that only the most talented and versatile actresses can expertly walk.
* Creator/OsamuTezuka's ''Manga/BlackJack''
* ''El Halcon'' (from the manga by Aoike Yasuko, better known as the creator of ''Manga/FromEroicaWithLove'')
* ''Franchise/SailorMoon'': The longstanding series of ''Theatre/SeraMyu'' musicals has been revived with Takarazuka actresses in male roles.
* ''Mei-chan no Shitsuji''
* ''Manga/RurouniKenshin''
* ''VideoGame/SengokuBasara''
* ''Franchise/LupinIII''

* ''Film/{{Casablanca}}''
* ''Film/{{Cinderella}}'' (The Rodgers and Hammerstein made-for-TV version)
* ''Film/GoneWithTheWind''
* ''Film/SinginInTheRain''
* ''Film/SomewhereInTime''
* ''Film/OceansEleven''

* ''Literature/ATaleOfTwoCities''
* ''Literature/TheBrothersKaramazov''
* ''Literature/TheGreatGatsby''
* ''Literature/AnnaKarenina''
* ''{{Franchise/Zorro}}''
* ''Literature/ForWhomTheBellTolls''
* ''Literature/WarAndPeace''
* ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo''
* ''Literature/TheTaleOfGenji''

* ''Theatre/TheBarberOfSeville''/''Theatre/TheMarriageOfFigaro'' (Done as a single show, ''Figaro!'')
* Their second most popular show is probably ''Theatre/{{Elisabeth}}'' --they've staged seven different productions of it over the past fifteen years or so.
* ''Theatre/GuysAndDolls''
* ''Phantom'', the Kopit/Yeston version of ''Theatre/ThePhantomOfTheOpera''.
* Most of the works of Creator/WilliamShakespeare in original adaptations, though in 2010 they did the French musical phenomenon ''Theatre/RomeoEtJulietteDeLaHaineALamour''.
* ''Theatre/TheScarletPimpernel''
* ''Ernest in Love''
* ''Flower Drum Song''
* ''Theatre/{{Oklahoma}}'', the first Western musical they ever performed.
* ''Theatre/HowToSucceedInBusinessWithoutReallyTrying''
* ''Footloose''
* ''Theatre/WestSideStory''
* ''Theatre/TheTalesOfHoffmann''

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The real-life Takarazuka Revue made two ''VisualNovel/AceAttorney'' shows.
* Another Creator/{{Capcom}} game, ''VideoGame/SengokuBasara'', would get a stage adaptation by them as well.

!!References to them in fiction:

* One episode of ''Manga/KimagureOrangeRoad'' opens with Kyosuke and Madoka watching a troupe that is clearly Takarazuka (or the in-universe equivalent) performing ''Film/GoneWithTheWind'' (last scene). Frankly, it's kind of bizarre.
* ''Manga/OuranHighSchoolHostClub's'' rivals are the Zuka Club from Lobelia School. Tamaki's spiritual counterpart, the hilariously overdramatic {{Bifauxnen}} president Benibara is naturally GenreSavvy enough to immediately notice Haruhi is actually a girl and suggests she join their school instead. Naturally, Tamaki [[HypocriticalHumor does not enjoy Benny's interest in Haruhi.]]
** Benibara's own name is also a pun on the nickname of the most popular Takarazuka show, [[Manga/RoseOfVersailles BeruBara]].
*** Keep in mind who the [[Creator/MitsukiSaiga seiyuu]] voicing Benibara is.
* Unlike the audience-surrogate [[FanNickname Inner Senshi]], Haruka and Michiru in ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' are essentially Takarazuka ports: Haruka is flirty, handsome, and extremely boyish while Michiru is mysterious, beautiful and willowy. This origin is lampshaded during a conversation in the [[Anime/SailorMoon first anime]] where Rei points out that Makoto's recent interest in Haruka seems [[LesYay a little overenthusiastic]]. Usagi quickly pulls a magazine from under Rei's bed with a Takarazuka model on the cover, a nod to Rei's longstanding MistakenForGay meme.
** Becomes a borderline HilariousInHindsight: Haruka is played by former otokoyaku Shuu Shiotsuki, and Michiru by former musumeyaku Sayaka Fujioka in the new musicals.
** In what may very well be an homage to Neptune and Uranus, Cure Chocolat and Cure Macaron from ''Anime/KiraKiraPrecureALaMode'' are based on a Takarazuka otokoyaku and musumeyaku, respectively.
* The heroines of ''VideoGame/SakuraWars'' perform as a Takarazuka troupe in their [[SecretIdentity secret identities]]. The series contains several {{Shout Out}}s to the famous Takarazuka Revue which popularized this trope.
** For instance, in the second OAV, action hero Shounen Red's motto is said to be "purely, properly, beautifully" -- not exactly fitting, but it ''is'' the motto of the Takarazuka Revue. A number of the shows the Teikoku Kagekidan girls put on are also serial-numbers-filed-off versions of Takarazuka shows -- ''Ai Yue ni'' (''Because of Love'') is at least partly based on ''Rose of Versailles'', for example.
* In the anime version of ''Manga/LuckyStar'', [[YuriFan Hiyori]] likes putting [[{{Bifauxnen}} Minami]] and [[IllGirl Yutaka]] in Takarazuka otokoyaku and musumeyaku roles.
* ''Anime/RevolutionaryGirlUtena'' is heavily influenced by this cultural phenomenon. Especially interesting on the meta-level when you realize the world of Ohtori '''is a stage'''.
** ''Anime/MawaruPenguindrum'', from the same creator, features a character [[MeaningfulName named Yuri]] who's part of an acting troupe that's similar to but legally distinct from the Takarazuka. Their signature play is a ''Rose of Versailles'' {{expy}}, and her co-lead is very similar design-wise to Lady Oscar.
* In ''Anime/OnlyYesterday'', the narrator mentions that one of her older sisters was completely in love with a Takarazuka "actor".
* The first volume of the ''Manga/WanderingSon'' manga has a class put on a production of ''The Rose of Versailles'' with numerous references to the Takarazuka original -- appropriate when you consider the series is all about gender issues.
* In the manga version of ''Manga/OniisamaE'' minor members of the Sorority are based both name- and looks-wise on top Takarazuka actresses of the time.
* ''{{Franchise/Anpanman}}'' has Shiratama-san. Despite being human-looking, she's actually a shiratama, a kind of rice cake used in fruit salad, which she has a tendency to give to new people. She's very dramatic, seeing the world as a stage. She always has a new idea for a show with her as the dashing lead, and has a tendency to try and rope other characters into performing with her. She's also one of the few people that doesn't see Baikinman as a villain. Instead, she thinks of him as a fellow actor, playing the villain role. She naturally wants him to be the villain in any of her new plays, but he wants nothing to do with her.
* {{Bifauxnen}} LesbianJock Jun Ōtori from ''Manga/StopHibariKun'' is the daughter of an ''otokoyaku'' from a prominent Takarazuka-like theater troupe.
* One of the main characters in ''Manga/GekkanShoujoNozakiKun'' is Yuu Kashima, a [[HugeSchoolgirl tall]], short-haired teenage girl who is known as the "prince" of her school's drama club. She pretty much exclusively plays male roles, and has [[EvenTheGirlsWantHer a huge group of female admirers as a result]].
* ''Grand Stage'' is a series of [[RomanceGame Otome]] audio dramas revolving around a fictional all-female acting troupe that is very obviously based on the Takarazuka Revue. The AudienceSurrogate is a new ''musumeyaku'' who has just joined the group, while the potential love interests are all ''otokoyaku''. Said love interests are mostly voiced by actresses [[CrossDressingVoice best known for voicing male characters]], like Creator/MegumiOgata or the above-mentioned Creator/MitsukiSaiga.
* One chapter of ''Manga/PopTeamEpic'' has a joke about the Takarazuka Revue doing an adaptation of the manga. An adult actress with tons of makeup on is shown portraying Popuko while singing dramatic renditions of the manga's jokes.