->''It was the end of sorrow lies. The rail stations were dead, flowing like bees stung from honeysuckle. The people hung back and watched the ocean, animals flew in and out of focus. The time had come. Yet king dogs never grow old - they stay young and fit, and someday they might come to the beach and have a few drinks, a few laughs, and get on with it. But not now. The time had come; we all knew it. But who would go first?''
-->-- '''Les Champs Magnetique''', ''Andre Breton''

Reality is broken. Everything seems bizarre, possibly nightmarish, and certainly dream-like.

Surrealism was a movement encompassing both literature and art, originating in Europe between the World Wars. The aim was to make art that reflected the fundamental truth about the world; they took the name surrealism (the prefix ''sur-'' means "super") because they considered themselves super-realists, the way earlier writers would consider themselves super-naturalists. To them modern cities and urban life had its own sense of the "uncanny" and "weird" as forests or dark woods would in fairy-tale landscapes. In this, they followed the influence of Sigmund Freud, whose psychoanalysis was the hottest fad of the decade, so the surrealists' super-realism was essentially art about the subconscious, [[AllPsychologyIsFreudian as Freud envisioned it]].

One major branch used very abstracted art to symbolically represent the subconscious. The other, better-known, branch attempted to more-or-less literally depict the strange logic of one's dreams--this was the surrealism of Creator/SalvadorDali's melting clocks, Creator/ReneMagritte's flying men in bowler hats with apples on faces, and Elsa Schiaparelli's shoe hats and exotic lobster dresses.

Due to the popularity of the latter branch, the definition of "surrealism" drifted. People remembered the melty clocks, but forgot they came from the subconscious, so for those outside the movement, "surreal" became a synonym for "bizarre and [[NightmareFuel nightmarish]]".

If the world looks mundane but FridgeLogic makes you wonder why people aren't making more of a fuss about some of the stuff going on then it's probably MagicRealism--which is actually a later offshoot of Dalí-style surrealism.

Compare UncannyValley and EldritchAbomination. See also SurrealHorror and SurrealHumor. Compare and contrast {{Absurdism}}; both movements emerged in the wake of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI and are stylistically similar, but whereas surrealism [[WorldOfSymbolism uses the bizarre to convey meaning]], absurdism is all about [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotSymbolic embracing meaninglessness.]] Also compare [[UsefulNotes/{{Dada}} the (anti)-art movement]] that preceded and inspired surrealism.


!!Surrealist art contains examples of:

* {{Alchemy}}
* AllPsychologyIsFreudian
* AmbiguousSituation
* AnimalMotifs: Several artists had them.
* BannedInChina: Or Nazi Germany.
* BasedOnADream
* BreakoutCharacter: Creator/SalvadorDali.
* TheCasanova: Max Ernst.
* [[UsefulNotes/{{PoliticalIdeologies}} Communism]]: Many of the surrealists were leftists.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: An art form in itself in occupied countries.
* HilariousInHindsight: Just to think that the "[[http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/manbabies Manbabies]]" is a new meme, check out [[http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/magritte-the-spirit-of-geometry-t00892 this painting by René Magitte]].
* LaResistance: Several artists who remained in occupied France were part of it (Paul Eluard, Louis Aragon).
* LoveDodecahedron: A real-life example.
* ManicPixieDreamGirl: The quest for a muse was basically the search for a ManicPixieDreamGirl who could get the guy in touch with his spiritual side.
* MindScrew
* MistakenForSpies: Max Ernst. Because what else would a German be doing in France?
* OlderThanTheyThink: Some works of medieval painter Creator/HieronymusBosch are very surrealistic.
* SpookySeance: They loved them.
* TrueArtIsAngsty: Magritte, mostly, though he could be [[SurrealHumour extremely funny]] as well.
* TrueArtIsIncomprehensible: Seems that way to a lot of people.
* UnreliableNarrator