->''"Shadows are in reality, when the sun is shining, the most conspicuous thing in a landscape, next to the highest lights."''
-->--'''John Ruskin'''

One character of equal importance to the plot is pushed out of the spotlight and stuck in the shadow of another character.

Distinct from LesserStar, where equal credit is given for unequal work. This trope is about equal work that results in unequal credit. Compare with BreakupBreakout: Two characters team up, then eventually split up. One makes it big, and the other is all but forgotten.

Compare OvershadowedByAwesome and AlwaysSecondBest where the character in the spotlight REALLY is better than the character in the shadows.

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!! Examples:

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[[folder: Manga and Anime ]]

* Kotetsu T. Kaburagi/Wild Tiger serves as an example in ''TigerAndBunny'''s ShowWithinAShow, [=HeroTV=]. While they do about the same amount of work as a hero team, it's Barnaby Brooks Jr. that gets all the publicity, interviews, photoshoots, fans and credit. This is taken to its logical conclusion in the thirteenth episode when [[spoiler:Kotetsu pulls a BatmanGambit that allows Barnaby to take down Ouroboros terrorist Jake Martinez]], and the public completely ignores his contribution to the fight. He's naturally a bit annoyed by this.

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[[folder: Live-Action TV ]]

* ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'': Ask most people to name all the members of Monty Python and you're bound to hear Creator/JohnCleese 's name first. Creator/MichaelPalin is sometimes next, but the other members' names are only known to Pythons' fans. There is a bit of historical irony here, because John Cleese (who formed one of the writer teams with Graham Chapman) felt that he was doing all the work and Chapman was getting all the attention.

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[[folder: Film ]]

* Creator/MarxBrothers: Groucho and Harpo Marx have always been the most prominent names in the group. If you're lucky they may remember Chico too. The one that everyone forgets is Zeppo (though, granted he only appeared in their movies until ''Film/DuckSoup'' (1933) and was usually the straight member.)
* ''Film/WaynesWorld'' is named after Wayne, however, Garth is no less important in the scheme of things, gets about equal screen time, and provides just as many memorable lines.
* An in-movie example occurs as a running gag in ''WesternAnimation/MonstersInc''. Whenever Mike appears in the media he is always covered up by something, like the barcode of a magazine or the company logo in a commercial. (Meanwhile, Sullivan is always front and center.) Whenever this happens, Mike initially appears shocked but then talks excitedly about being in print/on TV, never even noticing the unfortunate circumstances.

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[[folder: Music ]]

* Three Tenors have sometimes been referred to as Placido Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti, and "that other guy".
* John Deacon of Music/{{Queen}} is usually thought of as "the other one" compared to the more outgoing, LargeHam members of the band. Actually, in almost any other band he would have been LeadBassist (Type A), but as it happened he worked with people who just wouldn't be outdone. Still, he penned several of their big hits, and contributed enormously to the songs he didn't write: Brian May says that after his retirement, Queen lacks a kind of magic that Deacon used to bring.
* John Entwistle of Music/TheWho, regarded by many as the greatest bass player of all time, is certainly a lot better-known than the bassists of most famous bands, but still nowhere near as famous as Pete Townshend, Roger Daltrey or Keith Moon.
* John [=McVie=], the bassist for Music/FleetwoodMac, is probably the least known member of the group in spite of being half of its namesake and one of only two members who have been in the band since it started, especially compared to singer-songwriters Lindsay Buckingham, Music/StevieNicks and Christine [=McVie=], original bandleader Peter Green and [[AllDrummersAreAnimals co-group namer Mick Fleetwood]].
* Ask any person about who was in Music/{{Nirvana}} and they will pretty much forget Krist Novoselic. Kurt Cobain is almost equally as famous as his own band, Dave Grohl formed Music/FooFighters and escaped what would have otherwise been faded into obscurity.
* John Paul Jones, the bassist ([[NobodyLovesTheBassist noticing a theme]]?) of Music/LedZeppelin.
** Though [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Paul_Jones_%28musician%29#Profile he did like]] being able to walk around cities [[CursedWithAwesome without being recognized]] while the rest of the band couldn't leave their hotel room without being mobbed by fans, since most people didn't know what he looked like.
** This is also a general philosophy of many bass players, that you should play in such a way that it provides a framework for the guitarist, singer, and keyboardist to do their stuff without distracting the audience. Essentially if you're doing your job well no one knows you're there, until you flub, disconnect from the mix, what have you, and then your absence is immediately noted. See [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5OMGgqXCLVw this video]] of FranzFerdinand.
* Of "The Jackson Five", MichaelJackson was obviously the most famous. Ask who the other four members are, and most could get Jermaine, Tito, and Marlon. Poor Jackie Jackson.
* Stephen Morris and Gillian Gilbert of NewOrder. Not as well known as front-man Bernard Sumner or Bassist Peter Hook, they even called their spin-off band "The Other Two."
* On a more macro level, there's are entire swaths of musicians that aren't talked about. Who plays the instruments during a BackstreetBoys concert? Who wrote CelineDion's hits? Who records, mixes, engineers KatyPerry and uses AutoTune to make people believe she can sing? What ''is'' a RecordProducer? These people provide contributions to the music industry that are absolutely vital, but it's an easy bet that the average troper reading this entry hasn't once spared them a thought.
** Electronic producers like David Guetta, Calvin Harris, Avicii, and Zedd have largely averted this by being credited on all of their hits.
** Played straight with rapper Music/{{Macklemore}} & his producer Ryan Lewis, to the point that many people think it's a solo act rather than a duo..
** Music/WeirdAlYankovic's band is a case where some might know, [[LongRunnerLineUp if only because it's the same since the 80s]].
* Guitarist Andy Summers and drummer Stewart Copeland of ThePolice were largely overshadowed by bassist/singer/songwriter Sting. Oddly enough, whilst they didn't receive the same individual credit, the band as a whole was far more popular than Sting's solo career.
* Operatic librettists. Traditionally, operas were written in two stages: a librettist would write the libretto (Italian: little book) containing the script and lyrics, and then basically hawk it out to a composer, who would set the whole thing to music. Also traditionally, the composer would be listed as the creator of the work, with the librettist listed as a secondary figure, and usually known only to opera buffs. There are only two well-known exceptions to this: Creator/WSGilbert of Creator/GilbertAndSullivan, and Creator/RichardWagner, who wrote his own librettos.
* Music/{{Aerosmith}} is divided by fans into the Toxic Twins (frontman Steven Tyler and lead guitarist Joe Perry) and the Less Interesting Three or [=LI3=] (rhythm guitarist Brad Whitford, bassist Tom Hamilton and drummer Joey Kramer).
* Art Garfunkel of SimonAndGarfunkel, to the point of being the former TropeNamer for LesserStar. It was renamed to keep RealLife examples off the page, but it's just as well because Garfunkel wasn't actually an example of that trope, but rather this one--and, even then, mostly by virtue of PaulSimon's BreakupBreakout.
* Alex Lifeson of Music/{{Rush}} is as talented at Neil Peart and [[LeadBassist Geddy Lee]] but still gets this. A rare example of the lead guitarist being less memorable than the drummer and bassist.
* Nearly everyone who's performed with Music/EricClapton. Ginger Baker of Music/{{Cream}} has somewhat escaped this, and Steve Winwood and [[TheAllmanBrothersBand Duane Allman]] are famous for other projects as well, but most of the others are mostly known for performing with Clapton, despite often being quite talented in their own right. (Ironically, Jack Bruce of Cream was better known than Clapton during the band's initial period of activity, but Clapton had a massive BreakupBreakout).

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[[folder: Professional Wrestling ]]

* Marty Jannetty: Following the breakout of the Rockers, Wrestling/ShawnMichaels would go on to become a future WWE Hall of Famer and win multiple championships while Janetty would fade into obscurity.
* Wrestling/{{Ted DiBiase Jr}}.: Was initially labeled the breakout star of Legacy but instead Wrestling/CodyRhodes would go on to become one of the longest reigning Intercontinental Champions as well as one of the WWE's top heels. [=DiBiase=], on the other hand was relegated to Wrestling/WWESuperstars territory.

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[[folder: Radio ]]

* ''Radio/TheRickyGervaisShow'' has Steve Merchant. Ricky Gervais is the namesake and Karl Pilkington is, well, [[{{Cloudcuckoolander}} Karl Pilkington]].

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

* Diddy Kong from the original ''VideoGame/DonkeyKongCountry''. He can do everything Franchise/DonkeyKong can do, with the exception of defeating a specific kind of enemy (Krusha), and is even far superior in some aspects such as running faster, swimming more precisely, and making long jumps better. You could beat the entire game playing as Diddy alone and probably have an easier time of it. However, canonically, he's Donkey Kong's "wannabe sidekick" and didn't get his chance to shine until the sequel ''VideoGame/DonkeyKongCountry2DiddysKongQuest'', where he was in turn overshadowed by his newbie companion...
** Dixie Kong in ''Diddy's Kong Quest'' may be a little slower than her boyfriend, but other than that barely-noticeable detail, she surpasses him in every way. Not only is she a more precise jumper and swimmer, she can do the famous ponytail twirl, wherein she hovers do the ground slowly by using her long ponytail as a propeller. This game is a little fairer because it makes it crucial to play as either one character or the other at specific times, but it may also be worth mentioning that in her own game ''VideoGame/DonkeyKongCountry3DixieKongsDoubleTrouble'', she was not surpassed by Kiddy Kong.
* ''{{Banjo-Kazooie}}'' is a little weird about this. Ask anyone who the star is, and most will say it's Banjo, even though the titles of three out of five games also include his partner Kazooie. The second game, ''Banjo Tooie'', opts for a silly title pun instead of recognizing the second lead's name (it's even lampshaded by Kazooie herself at the end of the first game), and ''Banjo Kazooie Grunty's Revenge'' mentions her name although she isn't in it for the first few worlds. Indeed, in the first two games, Kazooie's the one doing the majority of attacking and acrobatics when the two are teamed up, with Banjo mostly just doing the walking around and (in the first game) the Claw Swipe and Roll (the second game replaced the Claw Swipe with another attack by Kazooie and had Kazooie assist with the Roll).
* Being stuck in the shadow of his father [[MagnificentBastard Cao Cao]] has been Cao Pi's story path since his debut in ''DynastyWarriors 5''; he doesn't get a break even in the [[WarriorsOrochi crossover game]], as the warriors of Wei are still more loyal to Cao Cao (who is outright ''presumed dead'' until near the end of the plot) than to him in the first game, and he has to share an uneasy spotlight with his father in the sequel (though in the final battle Cao Cao does officially hand the baton over).
* [[SuperMarioBros Luigi]] has incorporated this into his character. Initially a PaletteSwap of Mario, even after he underwent DivergentCharacterEvolution he failed to get a starring role in anything except the ''VideoGame/LuigisMansion'' series and the poorly received ''VideoGame/MarioIsMissing''. The canon now portrays him to be just competent as his brother (albeit [[LovableCoward significantly more cowardly]]), but perpetually ignored for his contributions.
** In the ''VideoGame/MarioAndLuigi'' games (especially ''VideoGame/MarioAndLuigiSuperstarSaga'', but somewhat less so later on), Luigi is often the victim of WhoIsThisGuyAgain and AccidentalMisnaming.
** ''VideoGame/SuperMarioWorld'' has this example: if you beat the game as Luigi (in 2 player), the first three words of text are "Thank you Mario" while Luigi is still on the screen.
** But come 2013, Nintendo is giving him some recognition, dubbing this year TheYearOfLuigi, specifically releasing 3 games (''VideoGame/LuigisMansionDarkMoon'', ''VideoGame/NewSuperLuigiU'', and ''VideoGame/MarioAndLuigiDreamTeam'') that give him ADayInTheLimelight, putting Luigi-themed content in ''VideoGame/AnimalCrossing New Leaf'' and ''VideoGame/StreetPassMiiPlaza'', rereleasing his first 4 games (''VideoGame/MarioBros'', ''VideoGame/WreckingCrew'', ''[[VideoGame/SuperMarioBros1 Super Mario Bros.]]'', and ''VideoGame/SuperMarioBros2'') on the WiiU's VirtualConsole, and making him playable from the get-go in ''VideoGame/SuperMario3DWorld'' (previous 3D ''Mario'' games required you to unlock him after playing through as Mario).
* Thanks to ''DissidiaFinalFantasy'', [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyIII Xande]] has become this in favor of Cloud of Darkness. This is despite Xande was the BigBad for most of the game, while Cloud of Darkness was a GiantSpaceFleaFromNowhere that didn't appear to have much involvement until the very end.

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[[folder: Web Original ]]

* The ''[=FreddieW=]'' videos are made by both Creator/FreddieWong and Brandon Laatsch, though Brandon's less heard of because Freddie's name is on the channel and stars in most of the videos.

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[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* The WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes and [[WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes Merrie Melodies]] [[WesternAnimation/WileECoyoteAndTheRoadRunner Road Runner]] cartoons have an incredibly blatant example. It's all about Wile E. Coyote and his ridiculous plans for catching and eating the bird. He probably gets three times as much screen time as the Road Runner in every cartoon.
* In both the book and film versions of ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'', the story focuses more on the human detective, Eddie Valiant. In the book, he was Eddie's shifty client, and although he was pivotal to the story, the focus was clearly on Eddie and his investigations. In the movie, Roger gets the plot rolling, but after that his job consists mostly of hanging around with Eddie and acting goofy. Even in his cartoons in-universe, Roger gets second billing behind Baby Herman, even though (like Wile E.) he gets the lion's share of the laughs.
* In-universe example from ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'': despite that he is the eldest child and heir to the throne, Zuko is constantly overlooked by his father in favor of his obscenely talented younger sister. This becomes one of the main driving forces of his personality within the show.
** However, in a trope reversal, we discover though CharacterDevelopment that Azula thinks she's stuck in Zuko's shadow when it comes to their mother's love. It's the driving force behind Azula's negative actions towards her brother [[spoiler: and the reason why she has a mental breakdown in the end.]]


[[/folder]]

[[folder: Real Life ]]

* Frank James, Jesse James's brother, has become relatively obscure in modern culture and exists largely in Jesse's shadow, even though the two were equally infamous in the old West and committed their criminal acts as a pair. It turns out an alliterative name counts for a lot.
* Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels penned ''The Communist Manifesto'' together, but Marx is the only one directly associated with it (with Marxism being another name for communism), while Engels is unknown to many who don't study Marxism.
* After one of the authors of ''OffWhite'' became a real life example of this trope, they tried to avert this by doing things like alternately posting pages on both their ''{{deviantart}}'' accounts.
* Many kids with older siblings tend to feel this way, sometimes into adulthood.
* Ever heard of Christian Friedrich Henrici (aka Picander, his pseudonym), the lyricist for Johann Sebastian Bach's cantatas? Chances are even those who are into Bach's music haven't heard of him. Picander (as he is known on TheOtherWiki) wrote the lyrics for many of Bach's religious and secular cantatas, yet he is obscure to all but the most learned Bach scholars. Part of the reason why he is so unknown is because it is general practice to attribute a classical work to the one who has composed the music; hence, Picander is unknown while Bach is always in the spotlight.
** Bach also had composers create the melody line for each cantata movement; Bach would then create the actual music for the movement based on that melody. Such melody composers remain even more obscure than Picander.
* Was the story of New York Giants quarterback Eli Manning, compared to his highly praised older brother, Peyton Manning. That was before he led the Giants to two Superbowl victories over Tom Brady and the New England Patriots. The first Superbowl win being when the Patriots were undefeated and at the peak of their team's prime. Now Peyton Manning, who only won one Superbowl, is desperately trying to catch up.
** It should be noted that no serious fan of the game considers Eli to be superior to Peyton. He has made a name for himself, yes, but a careful observer would notice that the Giants' defense performed far better in their runs than the Colts' ever did, bailing out Eli when he laid up the occasional stinker of a game, where as Peyton has constantly had to carry his teams by himself.
** It doesn't help that ever since the younger Manning's won his second super bowl, he's played horribly inconsistent.
* Everyone who is familiar with ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' (and many who aren't) knows who Creator/GaryGygax is. You'd have to look harder to find someone familiar with Dave Arneson, despite him being ''more'' influential in creating the tabletop RPG (he was the one who had the idea in the first place and wrote the original rules set; Gygax[[note]]who was first and foremost a wargamer and never fully accepted role-playing as a form of game-play[[/note]] helped develop the rules, did most of the work necessary for publishing the game, and knew someone (Brian Blume) who could fund the venture). It seems to have gotten a bit better after Arneson's death, though.
* Creator/LaurenFaust gets way more credit from fans of WesternAnimation/PowerpuffGirls and WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends than her husband Creator/CraigMcCracken, and he made the shows, she just worked on them.
* The 2014 Nobel Peace Prize was won by Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi, but it was the former who got all the media attention as the latter was ignored.
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