In fiction, a bullet is a very simple thing. A bullet is a device that has some percentage chance of causing damage to a specific target. This chance can be reduced by interposing solid objects -- like cars, or walls, or [[BulletproofHumanShield random bad guys]] -- between the shooter and the target, but otherwise a bullet either hits the target or misses entirely.

And "misses entirely" means ''no longer exists''. Unlike actual supersonic pieces of metal, a fictional bullet doesn't hit whatever lies along its trajectory in the mile or more that it can travel while retaining lethal power -- it just vanishes, as if every target had something behind it to catch stray rounds (what recreational shooters refer to as a "backstop"). Even if hundreds of bullets are fired during a {{fight scene}}, there will be no casualties we don't see on screen.

This applies to far more than just bullets -- {{Macross Missile Massacre}}s and FrickinLaserBeams are equally vulnerable. And, of course, it applies to more contexts than simple gunfights -- first, that which is [[FiringInTheAirALot Fired In The Air A Lot]] must come down, and second, except when by pure coincidence they intersect some larger celestial body, missed shots fired during a SpaceBattle could keep travelling with the same energy for ''millennia.'' This trope [[SisterTrope tends to go hand-in-hand]] with ArbitraryMaximumRange for that very reason.

Another consequence of the RuleOfPerception. See also BulletsDoNotWorkThatWay and ImperialStormtrooperMarksmanshipAcademy. One of the many factors contributing to cases of ArtisticLicenseGunSafety and RecklessGunUsage. Contrast with PrecisionCrash, where stray shots in space are practically guaranteed to strike something important.

Because this trope is [[OmnipresentTropes so common]], only lampshades and aversions shall be listed.

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!!Aversions

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* In ''Anime/DragonBallZBattleOfGods'', of all places, Mai shoots several times at Gohan, who, being the superpowered warrior he is, deflects the bullets effortlessly. However, one of said bullets then goes on to hit Videl in the leg. Fortunately, Dende is on hand to immediately heal her, but Gohan is chewed out for showing off and not disarming Mai immediately. (Worth noting that nobody thought the gun was real until it was fired.)
* Averted in ''Anime/AldnoahZero'' Episode 15. We open with Slaine seemingly firing his Kataphrakt's weapons into nothing while in space. It takes [[ChekhovsGun until the end of the episode]] that those shots return because he had fired them in such a way that they would be pulled into low Earth orbit and he was using the time delay of their return trajectory (approximately 6 hours) to plan out a trap for the upcoming space battle.
* ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam00'' pulls an aversion in an early episode where the news reporters shows images of buildings hit by both stray gunfire and mobile suit wrecks. They also mention that there where casualties due to this as well.

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[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* In the first ''ComicBook/QueenAndCountry'' story, Tara Chace is ambushed by two goons with guns while unarmed. She rushes one, makes it within hand-to-hand range before he can hit her, and takes him down. After which she discovers that one of his shots hit the other one.
* In ''ComicBook/SinCity: Family Values'', the RoaringRampageOfRevenge is to avenge a woman killed by stray bullets from a hitman taking potshots at a stray dog.
* ''Comicbook/WelcomeBackFrank'' story arc of ''Comicbook/ThePunisher'' has three vigilantes team up to remove crime from the streets. One is a priest who goes nuts after one too many confessions/braggin sessions, another is a RichBastard who shoots pot dealers near his upper-class neighborhood, and the third breaks into a CorruptCorporateExecutive meeting, ranting about their plans to close jobs to preserve their salaries, then opens fire. When Frank runs into them, he calls out the first two because of their twisted visions of justice, and the third because he unknowingly shot an innocent cleaning lady during his rampage.

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[[folder: Fan Works ]]

* As the opening move in the attack on Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards in ''Fanfic/RedFireRedPlanet'', the IKS ''mupwI[='=]'' drops a ten ton block of uranium out of a cargo bay while moving at 25,000 kilometers per second.[[note]]750.7 megatons of kinetic energy, give or take.[[/note]] It hits its target dead center, but at least part of the weapon keeps going and hits the planet Mars behind the target.

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[[folder: Film ]]

* In ''Film/TheMexican'', [[spoiler:the man from whom Jerry picks up the eponymous gun]] is killed by a falling bullet from people FiringInTheAirALot elsewhere in the town.
* In ''Film/{{Snatch}}'', when Avi is trying to shoot [[spoiler:the dog with the diamond in him]], he ends up accidentally killing [[spoiler:Bullet-Tooth Tony]].
* In ''Film/MulhollandDrive'', a hitman's efforts to make a hit look like suicide are complicated when the gun misfires and hits a woman in the next room over.
* An Uzi-wielding goon in ''The Corruptor'' fails to hit Detectives Wallace and Chen during the big CarChase, but he does mow down several innocent bystanders in the process.
* ''Film/TinkerTailorSoldierSpy''. British spy Jim Prideaux realises he's been LuredIntoATrap starts walking way from his contact. A Hungarian counter-intelligence agent panics, rushes into the street and fires a warning shot...[[PrettyLittleHeadshots right into the head]] of a woman breast-feeding a baby.
* ''Film/TheCottonClub'' gives us gangster Vincent "Mad Dog" Dwyer, who got his nickname after his cohorts machine-gunned several innocent bystanders along with their target

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* In ''DocSidhe'', at [[spoiler:the summoning circle]] in Central Park, Harris Greene intentionally shoots at the ground rather than at the oncoming goons because any misses would be raining down on the museum.
* In the ''Literature/HonorHarrington'' books, particularly given how much energy is dedicated to anti-missile ECM, the various {{Space Nav|y}}ies are quite conscious of the danger of misses striking the wrong target. The tactics in a number of battles are shaped by the need to be sure that a missile fired at a defending fleet doesn't [[ColonyDrop accidentally hit a planet]]. To avert the "racing on for millennia" part of this trope, it is mentioned that missiles usually auto-destruct after a programmed time if they miss their target so they don't ruin somebody's day down the road.
* In ''Literature/GhostStory'', a handful of kids open fire on Karin Murphy's home while there's a meeting of the Better Future Society, a group of supernaturally inclined people (and [[OurVampiresAreDifferent not-quite-people]]) who've banded together to fight supernatural threats [[OurHeroIsDead in Harry Dresden's absence]]. When Harry (who follows the kids and learns they're being abused and manipulated) tries to soften Murphy's wrath by pointing out the kids were spraying and praying and were unlikely to hit anyone, Murphy points out that not only did Abby, one of the BFS members, get hit in the gut and may not survive, but a stray bullet hit her neighbor and he bled out before anyone could find him.
* In ''Literature/DeathIsForever'', [[spoiler:The GirlOfTheWeek]] dies when a henchman, blinded by the flashbang trap that Literature/JamesBond built into a lightbulb, fires two shots at a random direction with his pistol.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* There was an episode of ''Series/{{CSI}}'' where a man was shooting at a makeshift handgun target and talked his girlfriend into having a go. She fired over the target and accidentally killed a woman on the beach several blocks away. Sadly, it was probably inspired by one of a number of cases in RealLife where people carelessly firing off guns in celebration have killed innocent bystanders.
-->'''Nick Stokes:''' Well, that's why it's illegal to shoot guns within city limits, Genius!
* This is how [[spoiler:Willow's girlfriend Tara]] dies in ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer.'' She's hit by a stray bullet meant for Buffy.
* In one episode of ''Series/TheCloser'', a man fires a warning shot at a couple of gang members who are trying to steal his car at a gas station. The bullet flies two blocks and kills a kid. The gang members are charged with FelonyMurder, since they instigated the crime that led to the kid's death, and the actual shooter, while not charged with anything, is appropriately horrified when he finds out what happened.
* At one point in ''Series/TheWire'', two drug gangs get into a ([[GangstaStyle laughably]] [[ImperialStormtrooperMarksmanshipAcademy bad]]) shootout. There don't appear to be any casualties... until an InnocentBystander mom tries to get her kids ready for school after the shooting dies down and finds her 9 year old son shot.
** Later there's another inversion that plays an important role in the race for mayor. Carcetti tries to beat the sitting mayor by promising to lower crime and focusing on the issue of how no witnesses will come forward to testify against criminals because Baltimore's witness protection fails them. This seems to be confirmed when a witness in an important case is killed during the election. After the election is over and Carcetti has won, [[spoiler:it turns out that the witness was killed by a stray bullet. A guy several blocks away who was shooting at bottles, and the witness had tremendously bad luck.]]
* Averted in an episode of ''Series/NoOrdinaryFamily''. Jim deflects a bullet a criminal fires at him, and it winds up hitting a child in the next room. While he initially goes into a HeroicBSOD, it's later revealed that being hospitalized for the bullet allowed the doctor's to catch and treat a much more serious disease. This manages to snap him out of it, and he is more careful in the future.
* Averted in ''Series/{{Eureka}}''. A blast of radiation from the artifact kills [[spoiler:Kim]], and residual ration infects and slowly kills a few more people. Carter even compares it to a stray bullet, saying a woman was killed by a stray bullet on a raid he once went on.
* Discussed and averted in ''Series/GoldenBoy''. In the opening scene of the pilot the protagonist cop and his partner get into a gun fight with some robbers. Despite the tense situation, the cops are very careful with their shots and only one bullet misses its target. When he is later accused of being reckless during the shootout, the protagonist freely admits that having the gun fight out on the street was a bad idea but the robbers gave them little choice when they opened fire first. He then reveals that after got out of the hospital, he personally went back to the crime scene and spent hours tracking down that single stray bullet. He was greatly relieved when he discovered that it was lodged in a wall and did not hit any bystanders.
* A tragic aversion in an epsiode of ''Series/NYPDBlue'': A bodega owner who has been robbed several times buys a handgun to protect himself. The next time he is robbed, he fires at - and misses - the fleeing robbers. Since he didn't have a permit for the gun, and shooting at the fleeing perps wasn't justifiable self-defence, the investigating detectives advice him to say that he had picked up the robber's discarded gun. Next day, a man is found dead in an apartment facing the bodega, hit by the bodega owner's stray bullet. The owner now faces felony charges and the detectives have to take back their advice to avoid perjuring both him and themselves.
* This is why [=PPGs=] (pulse plasma guns) are used aboard ''Series/BabylonFive''. A bullet that misses or goes through its target has the potential to either ricochet and hit someone else or puncture the hull. A PPG blast is stopped by the first solid object it encounters. Additionally, at low power, they can be used as StunGuns of sorts. Planetside, regular guns are still common.

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[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* As with all tropes concerning violence in TabletopGames, Creator/GregCostikyan's ''Violence'' RPG has its vicious way with this little trope in the section of Combat marked "Innocent Bystanders," and points out the consequences of a gun battle ([[CurbStompBattle if it can really be called such]]) between a violent scumbag with an Uzi (your typical ''Violence'' PC) and a little old lady with a revolver in her apartment.
** The old lady got two shots off before getting cut down, and neither one of them hit Uzi guy, but they did go through the wall (made of cheap modern wallboard which can't stop bullets worth crap), and now some poor immigrant in another apartment packed full of them is now without much of her lower arm.
** Meanwhile, Uzi guy got off twenty shots of which maybe three hit the old lady. The prewar brick wall behind her absorbed the impact of most of the bullets, but the rest went through a window, shattering it and resulting in casualty number two, a bike messenger who was riding below the window when it shattered and is now bleeding on the sidewalk and screaming bloody murder. Meanwhile, whatever bullets didn't go halfway through the bricks of a building across the street went through another window along the way, grazing the head of the kitty sleeping on the windowsill and possibly hitting the personal trainer who lives there, who is now prone on the floor and calling 911 on his cellphone. Needless to say, there's a reason that the law frowns upon firing weapons in city limits.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'':
** Averted (though with a melee weapon) with Kharn the Betrayer. Such is his devotion to Khorne (of "Khorne cares not from where the blood flows, as long as it flows" fame) that if he misses in close combat against an enemy he automatically hits the ally next to him.
** Averted, sort of, with Orks, who simply don't ''care'' whether or not they hit something, it only means they need MoreDakka.
** Blast Weapons in general avert this. The template will never just "disappear", but rather can land on a patch of land that has no models. This means that firing them into clusters of enemies is usually the best way to use them; you will never get a full squad unless you are extremely lucky, but you are almost guaranteed to hit something when the enemy is spread out. The same goes for TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}} Cannons; they explicitly embed themselves into the ground after their final "bounce" distance is determined, and if that position happens to be on top of something, it's going to end very badly for said something. The only exception to both is if the template's hole lands off of the table (even if the rest of the template would still hit something). This is the only time where it will simply "vanish".
* TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons 3rd edition has a [[HouseRules variant rule]] suggested in one of the books, offering tables and rules to determine the outcome of range attacks which miss. [[DoubleSubversion The sidebar advises the Dungeon Master to ignore this suggestion]], [[JustifiedTrope since it involves a tremendous amount of calculation and rolling]] to be done for ''every'' ranged attack, which would bog the game down, and be no fun for players uninterested in a simulation-style game. [[AnAesop The entire exercise is offered as an example of the dangers inherent to house rules:]] [[RuleOfFun It might be what you and your group really want, or it might make the game less fun for everyone involved.]]
* The ''TabletopGame/{{BattleTech}}'' advanced rulebook ''Tactical Operations'' unsurprisingly includes some rules on how to handle missed attacks more "realistically" (optional, like everything else in it) and like D&D above cautions against overusing them because they can easily slow down the game. There's also a minor aversion even in the standard rules -- buildings used for cover ''can'' take damage from attacks that technically "miss" the covered target and may even end up eventually destroyed by it.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* Averted in ''VideoGame/JaggedAlliance'' and its sequels, where stray shots most certainly can and often do strike friendlies, civilians, explosive scenery objects...
* The Gunnery Chief in ''VideoGame/MassEffect2'' delivers [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sCoHT_cHPzY an epic rant against careless firing of the mass accelerator]] for this very reason. Sadly, the people in charge of making space combat cutscenes did not listen to the Gunnery Chief, leading to some [[InferredHolocaust rather ugly inferences]] for [[spoiler:Earth]] after the massive space battle in ''VideoGame/MassEffect3''.
* ''VideoGame/{{X-COM}}'':
** In the original games, there's an invisible backstop at the edge of the map, but otherwise any shot fired will be traced across the map until it hits something -- be that a wall, an alien, a civilian, or an X-COM operative -- regardless of what it was aimed at.
** In the remake, ''[[VideoGame/XCOMEnemyUnknown Enemy Unknown]]'', stray shots from laser or plasma weapons have a penchant for wearing down most cover[[note]]from high cover to low cover, and destroying low cover completely[[/note]]. On the other hand, it's jarring ([[GoodBadBugs and hilarious]]) that a miss deals zero damage to anything living the actual shots hit, be it a friendly, an enemy who wasn't being aimed at, ''or even the target itself''[[note]]striking a ''perfect'' headshot on a technical miss is a surprisingly common incident[[/note]].
* Partially averted in the 2D ''VideoGame/{{Fallout}}'' titles. Accidentally hitting a friendly character is a common CriticalMiss, and any weapon fired in bursts has a chance to hit characters close to the line of fire. In ''Fallout Tactics'', this can create the odd sight of the player character emerging unscathed from machine gun fire while squadmates to left and right are reduced to LudicrousGibs.
* Missed shots in ''{{VideoGame/Deadnaut}}'' cause gradual damage against the derelict ship you're on, and once the ship has reached zero hull integrity, you lose your entire squad.
* Missed shots in ''VideoGame/WorldOfTanks'' usually just hit the ground or other obstacles near the target, but stray rounds occasionally strike an unlucky vehicle behind the intended target.
** The trope is fully averted In ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarships'', with torpedoes. These have very long range, and will travel in a straight line until they hit something or run out of fuel. When fired carelessly, any nearby friendlies who aren't cautious can (and often do) run into them, whether before or after they miss the intended target.
* [[AcceptedBreaksFromRule As a rule]], played straight in RealTimeStrategy games (''you'' try keeeping track of dozens of units firing hundreds of projectiles) but averted with artillery weapons, which cause damage wherever they land (and fire slowly enough that it can do so without bringing the computer to its knees).

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Animation ]]

* Subverted in ''WebAnimation/BadDays''. After Franchise/WonderWoman deflects bullets with her bracelets, the bullets ricochet into the wall she's next to and nearly hit several policemen, as well as breaking one's coffee cup.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Real Life ]]

* Because this trope is averted by RealLife bullets, a standard rule of UsefulNotes/{{gun safety}} is to be certain both that there is nothing behind or beside your target that you are unwilling to shoot and that there ''is'' something behind your target that can absorb your bullets safely (the aforementioned backstop).
* Unfortunately, some ''police officers'' in real life don't seem to understand how problematic stray gunfire is, when they open fire on suspects in a phenomenon called "contagious fire," which is basically ''every cop on a scene'' becoming TriggerHappy. At least one incident involving the Miami-Dade Police Department involved ''[[NoKillLikeOverkill 377 rounds]]'' shot at ''[[PoliceBrutality unarmed suspects]]'' - with plenty of collateral damage to property and injuries to other innocent bystanders and even other officers themselves.
* Horrifically averted with casualties caused by [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celebratory_gunfire#Notable_incidents celebratory gunfire.]]
* In military operations, reports on casualties from missed shots are not commonly tallied (most people who die in bombing raids are considered to be casualties of bombs), but there are a few exceptions: at Pearl Harbor, between 48 and 68 civilians were killed by unexploded AA ammunition that landed outside of the military bases.
** Another exceptional case was the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Los_Angeles Great Los Angeles "Air Raid"]] that occurred in early 1942, where a suspicious radar contact thought to be a Japanese attack force triggered an hour-long salvo of anti-aircraft fire. While no one died directly as a result of expended munitions and shrapnel falling to earth, the rain of metal did cause some rather extensive property damage.
** Perhaps the best {{WWII}} example occurred shortly after midnight on March 1, 1942 during the Battle of Sunda Strait when the Japanese cruiser ''Mogami'' launched the deadliest torpedo salvo in history, sinking five ships with one spread of Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes. Unfortunately, they were the ''Japanese'' ships that she was there to protect: one minesweeper and four Japanese Army transports carrying the Java invasion force. The six torpedoes, fired at the cruiser ''Houston'' at a range of about 3,000 meters, struck the Japanese ships 11,800 meters down range about eight minutes later. The Type 93 had a 20,000 meter range at 48 knots, more than double any other torpedo in service at the time, and the transports would have been invisible from ''Mogami'' in the dark.
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