[[quoteright:300:[[Film/OhGod http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Stop-Trick_8033.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:300:How God does card tricks.]]
A camera trick used a great deal before more sophisticated special effects were contrived. They stop the camera, change or add something to the shot, and start it again with everything else in the same positions. It's entirely possible this was the very ''first'' special effect, used in films made in the first years of cinema, like J. Stuart Blackton's ''Enchanted Drawing'', in which a vaudeville artist draws a glass of wine and then magically pulls a real glass full of real wine off the page. Yes, standards were lower back then.

Also known as "locking off."

Compare to MatchCut and GilliganCut.
----
!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Advertising]]
* Parodied/Tributed in a {{Netflix}} instant streaming commercial. A girl from a stereotypical 1940's movie musical family manages to imagine a Wii Remote into her hand. Her arm's position between the two cuts is deliberately off, to provide a corny old-school look.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* OlderThanTelevision: Accidentally developed by pioneering filmmaker George Méliès in 1896. According to the story, Méliès was filming a street when the camera jammed, and had to stop filming to fix it. Watching the footage, he saw a streetcar suddenly turn into a hearse at the point the camera stopped. Used extensively in his groundbreaking ''Film/ATripToTheMoon'' in 1902.
* A century later, directors Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris used the same technique for Music/TheSmashingPumpkins' video "Tonight, Tonight", which was an homage to Méliès' film.
* The Apollo 17 episode of ''Series/FromTheEarthToTheMoon'' also pays homage to Méliès and his film ''Le Voyage Dans La Lune'', showing the director implementing the effect to cause telescopes to magically turn into stools.
* This was the very first special effect in film. It was used in one of Edison's early films not long after the movie film was invented in the first place. The film depicted the execution of a historical queen. Many viewers thought the poor actress had actually been killed. (Dying for your art?)
* Featured near the end of Akira Kurosawa's ''Film/ThroneOfBlood'', when [[spoiler:Taketori Washizu is shot through the throat.]]
* Used to hilarious effect in ''{{Anchorman}}''. A disheveled Ron Burgundy goes into the men's room...and comes out clean cut with superhuman speed.
** ''TommyBoy'' utilizes the same trick for Richard's split-second wardrobe change in the airplane restroom.
** Lili Von Shtupp does it as well in ''Film/BlazingSaddles'', when she changes into something "more comfortable".
* Used in the beginning of ''Film/SecretWindow'' to make it appear that Johnny Depp's character has driven through a parking lot with the camera on the hood and then backed away from said camera in the same shot.
* Watching ''[[Film/TheManWhoSavesTheWorld Turkish Star Wars]]'' [[DrinkingGame and drinking every time one of these happen]] will quickly lead to liver poisoning.
** Speaking of (the real) Franchise/StarWars, this is used in ''Film/ANewHope'' when we first see Luke Skywalker turn off his lightsaber.
* Early black-and-white horror films such as ''Film/TheWolfMan1941'' staged their transformation scenes like this, using progressive stages of makeup.
* This is how Morbius' protective shutters in ''ForbiddenPlanet'' open and close.
* Done in ''OhGod'' in the final courtroom scene, when God repeatedly makes a deck of cards appear and disappear.
* ''Film/{{Hugo}}'' shows a film shoot that uses this trick, letting us see how the shot is changed as well as how it looks in the finished scene.
* Similarly done in the film version of ''Film/{{Bewitched}}'', where we see the trick done from 'behind the scenes'.
* In Aleksandr Ptushko's film ''Film/{{Sadko}}'' (''The Magic Voyage of Sinbad'' to ''[[Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000 MST3K]]'' fans), the elderly yet wily Trifon persuades Sadko to take him on his voyage by blowing on an egg in the palm of his hand and turning it into a bird. The effect is somewhat diminished by the use of a StopTrick to achieve this change.
* In ''Film/DieHard'', during the lobby scene at the beginning, John uses a super-new-fangled computer to search for his wife. If you look very carefully, each time the screen refreshes, you can see John's position at the edge of the screen change ever so slightly, indicating that they used stop tricks rather than touch screen to achieve the effect.
* Parodied in ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'', when Andy runs into the closet to change into a spaceman costume: the camera remains perfectly still, but the shadows on the wall just next to the door have moved during the cut.
* The transformation sequences in ''Film/TheWolfman2010'' were shot as a series of these.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* Used on every episode of ''TheMonkees'', generally accompanied by a 'pop' or 'boink' noise.
* Used a lot on ''Series/{{Bewitched}}'': Samantha would twitch her nose and "Fwing" something would change. Sometimes it would involve Samantha flinging up her arms instead of twitching. Elizabeth Montgomery would have to stand completely still with her arms sticking straight up while the set was adjusted. Not an easy task to say the least. Eventually, the producers came up with a special brace to aid her.
* Similarly seen on ''IDreamOfJeannie''.
* And ''MyFavoriteMartian'', particularly when Uncle Martin turned invisible or visible.
* Also possibly part of how they do the "Vamping Out" effects on ''[[Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer Buffy]]'' and ''Series/{{Angel}}''.
** Sort of, yeah. The vamping out involves taking two shots and having the first dissolve into the other; it's a teeny bit more sophisticated than a true StopTrick where the scenes change within a split second and there's no transition between the two (a.k.a. a jump cut).
** The first ever on-screen vamp out (Darla in the pilot) used a StopTrick.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** The standard TARDIS materialisation method in did this, with a dissolve instead of a jump cut.
** The teleportation effect in "The Keys of Marinus".
** The exploding pesticide can in "Planet of the Giants" is executed this way.
** The Gel-Guards in "The Three Doctors" used this trick.
** Several regenerations in the Classic series use this too, again with a fade. Notable is the First into Second, which was done on a broken vision mixing desk which oversaturated the image with light, creating a glowing effect. The Third into Fourth uses a simple {{wipe}}. The Fourth into Fifth stops the footage three times and dissolves between them to show the Doctor growing a "cocoon" that then fades away revealing the new Doctor.
** The Raston Warrior Robot in "The Five Doctors" disappeared and reappeared this way.
* The original ''Series/{{Star Trek|The Original Series}}'' series would do this whenever the SufficientlyAdvancedAlien needed to make stuff disappear.
** Also the method used for the transporters. The memoirs point out that it's very hard to get actors to stay still long enough to film the effect properly without multiple takes.
** The "Q flash" was used to cover up tiny movements that other actors made while John de Lancie moved into, or out of, camera view for Q's sudden appearances and disappearances while the cameras were stopped.
* Skits on ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'' (particularly any of those involving Observer) employ this cut a lot (usually accompanied with a little popping noise). This is probably partly due to the show's low budget, but it's also probably an homage to ''Star Trek's'' use of the StopTrick.
** Used heavily in the ''Design for Dreaming'' short.
** As well as ''Film/MrBNatural''.
* Used quite a bit to demonstrate Hiro's timestopping powers in ''Series/{{Heroes}}''.
* Used in ''Series/RedDwarf'' to allow Rimmer to obtain holographic items out of thin air and change clothes/hair.
** Also used in the ad for Kryten's replacement, Hudzen, in the episode "The Last Day", when he demonstrates that he's "10x faster than any other droid" by "instantly" cooking a chicken (uncooked chicken + special FX beam + freeze = cooked chicken!)
** In "Out of Time", when Starbug hits pockets of unreality, causing Starbug to disappear (so the crew are flying through space on chairs) and everyone's heads to become animal heads.
** How the Polymorph/Emohawk changed shape. Taken [[UpToEleven to the limits]] in the beginning scene where the Polymorph sees itself in a mirror, and changes in over ''thirty-four different objects'' until finally settling on a bunny rabbit.
* Noticeable in the early ''PowerRangers'' series, mostly in the giant monster fights when the enemy exploded. In fact, it's still being used in ''SuperSentai'' (and various other {{tokusatsu}}) ''today''. As shown in unused scenes from some ''KamenRider'' shows, this is how they handle transformations: a shot is taken with the actor, then one with the costumed stuntman in the same position, and finally the two shots are combined as a simultanious fade out/fade in with a CGI TransformationSequence covering up the transition.
* Used a lot on ''Series/SabrinaTheTeenageWitch'', especially whenever someone would magically change their clothes. Particularly obvious in some of the first-season episodes.
* This is the miracle that allows [[TheMuppetShow Muppets]] to pick up objects when their hands are clearly incapable of it. "Secrets of the Muppets", an episode of ''Series/TheJimHensonHour'', explained this technique at length (described as a "tape edit" effect). Gonzo denies that his hands are no more than useless pieces of fabric, and demonstrates by repeatedly picking up a telephone. Every time it rings, he places his hand on the receiver, the shot cuts to another angle, and he lifts the phone which is now attached to his hand. Once he realizes the audience has caught on, Gonzo flees the scene...with the phone still attached, so he gets yanked back. Kermit arrives and reminds him that you should never leave a room when your hand is still glued to the telephone.
** When Bunsen and Beaker built a teleporter in the Peter Sellers episode of the Muppet Show, this trick is how it worked.
* This gimmick is used over and over again in the ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'' "Confuse-A-Cat" sketch. It's better seen than described.
* Also used regularly in ''Series/TheGoodies'', either to cut from the dummy that has just been thrown out of a window back to the actor lying on the ground, or (more convincingly) when the team walk into a wardrobe and immediately emerge from the other side wearing whatever outfit is suitable for that week's plot.
* Happens a lot in ''LostInSpace'', always accompanied by a distinctive sound effect.
* This was used on ''MisterRogersNeighborhood'' pretty extensively, as when Lady Elaine used her boomerang to turn things upside down or Purple Panda travelling "The Purple Way".
* In ''Series/ArrestedDevelopment'', GOB makes use of this very ineptly to perform illusions in a Bluth Company video. Due to him paying no attention to what was happening behind him, the cuts are obvious.
* ''Series/QuantumLeap'', whenever hologram Al appeared or disappeared.
* ''Welcome to Pooh Corner'' and ''Dumbos Circus'' are two shows from The (old) Disney Channel (which continued to be rerun until the channel's relaunch) that regularly did this for various special effects.
* ''Series/TheBennyHillShow'' used this a lot, usually with a [[LampshadeHanging lampshade]] on it.
* ''Series/FreeSpirit'' sometimes used this for scenes involving magic.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* Used in Adarah's ''WebVideo/UltimateUtopiaXXIII'' [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pNzFE8rNPQU parody video]], to make slaves appear. Strangely though, they do have access to more advanced special effects techniques.
* http://www.youtube.com/user/Stalker2K7 [=Stalker2K7=] uses this in his Zoo Tycoon 2 videos.
* This is how SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker from the WebVideo/TheJokerBlogs made a fork disappear.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Ghosts in the live-action ''WesternAnimation/FilmationsGhostbusters'' would appear and disappear in this manner.
* Spoofed on ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad''. After watching ''Series/{{Bewitched}}'', Stan decides to live like he was in TheSixties and asks that Francine greet him home from work with a martini. Trouble is, Stan can't hold down liquor very well. After drinking one, he starts having blackouts, and notices that things change every time he blinks, and is thus convinced that Francine is a witch.
* RobotChicken (a stop-motion animated show done with action figures and dolls) parodied Creator/BennyHill's use of this, with Benny's funeral, involving a chase scene where the undertakers are running away with the coffin, fall off a cliff, and land as obviously different "crash test dummy" style, then pop back to the normal undertakers... in time to get hit with the coffin.
* An episode of ''WesternAnimation/MrMeaty'' has Parker get a tapeworm in his body that pops out to eat all his food at an incredibly fast speed. As a result, Parker's food appears to disappear in a flash.
[[/folder]]

----