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[[quoteright:350:[[Pinball/TheLostWorldJurassicPark http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/tumblr_npuqlziq911qigaa4o1_1280.png]]]]

->'''Mechanic 1:''' Great day in the morning. What once was lost now is found.\\
'''Mechanic 2:''' I thought these were extinct.\\
'''Mechanic 1:''' That's what they said about the coelacanth.\\
'''Announcer:''' (Sales pitch)\\
'''Mechanic 1:''' It's a prehistoric fish. It disappeared about ten thousand years ago, then they caught one off the coast of Madagascar. Coelacanth.
-->-- Volkswagen commercial (the mechanics are talking about a full-sized spare tire)

A species believed to have been dead reappears in modern-day society. Perhaps humans, often showing hubris, bring a species back to life with magic or science. Or perhaps it was preserved in a LostWorld, frozen in a glacier, sealed in a bubble dimension, etc.

SuperTrope to FossilRevival and LivingDinosaurs

See also NotSoExtinct (everyone knows a fantastic animal is extinct. Everyone is wrong.)



* Two mechanics in a [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MunowVfXOuY Volkswagen commercial]] discus this when they find a full-sized spare tire in the trunk of a Jetta. One of them even mentions the coelacanth.

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In ''Manga/AILoveYou'', a "puppy" the main cast befriend turns out to really be the last Japanese wolf cub.
* In ''Anime/DragonBallZTheTreeOfMight'', the Beenz twins Rezun and Rakasei (the two purple midgets) are members of an extinct race BigBad Turles revived from fossils using extract of the Tree of Might. Note that is ''not'' conveyed in the movie itself, but rather in AllThereInTheManual supplementary material released alongside it.
* Wolves in ''Anime/WolfsRain''. Thought to have been extinct for 200 years, actually hanging on in disguise. Not for much longer, though -- just until the end of the world.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''Franchise/XMen'': The Savage Land plays with this, as it is a LostWorld in the arctic with LivingDinosaurs and other extinct animals, but as it was actually created ''during prehistory'' its wildlife cannot truly be said to have been extinct and revived. Instead, they were preserved from extinction and have carried on for millions of years as though the K-T meteor never hit.

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* The dinosaurs in ''ComicStrip/{{Dilbert}}'' have [[HesJustHiding just been in hiding]].
* In ''ComicStrip/SafeHavens'', Samantha uses a DNA sample to [[LegoGenetics turn two chickens into dodos]]. They end up producing a dodo egg, leading to Samantha's research on reviving a species. As of September 2016, there are now three generations of dodos: the original chickens, their son and a dodo another university revived, and the son's children.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* ''Fanfic/TheBridge'' has numerous {{Kaiju}} that are prehistoric in origin [[note]]Godzilla, Anguirus, Baragon, Yonggary, Raiga, Rodan, etc.[[/note]] and uses an alternate timeline of the ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}} franchise. The AdvancedAncientHumans from the Rebirth of Mothra and Gamera series recreated numerous prehistoric species thousands of years in the past, either for scientific curiosity or as living weapons against the BigBad.

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/WereBackADinosaursStory'': TimeTravel brought dinosaurs into modern day New York.
* Polly the "parrot" from ''WesternAnimation/ThePiratesInAnAdventureWithScientists'' is actually a dodo, and still alive centuries after her kind were exterminated on Mauritius.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'':
** The monster Baragon is some sort of ancient dinosaur-thing that has somehow managed to escape extinction by living underground in its initial appearance in ''Film/FrankensteinConquersTheWorld''. Another one, or possibly the same one, was later relocated to Monster Island in the film ''Film/DestroyAllMonsters''.
** Likewise, there's Godzilla himself. Before mutating, Godzilla was simply a Godzillasaurus who was living on a remote island somewhere near Japan. As the [[Film/{{Gojira}} original film]] heavily implies and the sequels prove true, there's more than one Godzillasaurus in existence... of course, most of them have probably mutated by now.
** Anguirus from ''Film/GodzillaRaidsAgain'' is a giant ankylosaur that somehow managed to escape extinction... uh... somehow.
** The film ''Film/KingKongEscapes'' features Gorosaurus, a giant T-Rex type of dinosaur that was living on a remote island. It, or possibly another one of its species, was later moved to [[IDontLikeTheSoundOfThatPlace Monster Island]] in the film ''Film/DestroyAllMonsters''.
** Titanosaurus from ''Film/TerrorOfMechagodzilla'' was a giant sea-dwelling dinosaur who lived peacefully away from humans until a MadScientist discovered him.
** Destoroyah of ''Film/GodzillaVsDestoroyah'' originated from a preserved, isolated colony of microscopic Precambrian crustaceans that were mutated by the Oxygen Destroyer and [[TheWormThatWalks conglomerated into a bigger creature]].
* The ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' films are rooted in this trope, as with the novels the first two films are based on. This trope is somewhat played with, though, as the revived dinosaurs are not perfect genetic revivals, but rather mutants created from incomplete dino DNA and LegoGenetics. First book hero Alan Grant calls them "genetically-engineered theme-park monsters", which is a particularly apt description of the hybrids seen in ''Film/JurassicWorld''.
* ''Film/{{Star Trek IV|The Voyage Home}}'': Whales became this via Time Travel. Not necessarily a revival (as the actual whales were alive the entire trip), but still an example nonetheless.
* In ''Film/{{Rodan}}'', people discover ancient giant Pteranodon eggs that hatch into the titular monsters and begin terrorizing Japan.
* ''Film/KingKong'': Dinosaurs inhabit Kong's Island. It is a "lost" island, after all.

* In Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's ''Literature/TheLostWorld1912'', Professor Challenger brings a pterodactyl back to civilization. It escapes while it's being shown off.
* Another one for human interference: in the ''Literature/ThursdayNext'' book series, dodos and Neanderthals have been brought back to life thanks to new technologies.
* Reg Chronotis from ''Literature/DirkGentlysHolisticDetectiveAgency'' went back in time in order to save the Coelacanth from extinction, at the price of having the dodo die out.
* In ''Literature/TheCompanyNovels'', one of the Company's sidelines is buying up apparently worthless plots of land that coincidentally turn out to be the home of a breeding colony of some valuable species previously thought to be extinct. (Time travel is involved.)
* Creator/CliveCussler uses this trope in ''The Mediterranean Caper'': [[Literature/DirkPittAdventures Dirk Pitt]] comes into the book because he investigates sabotage on an expedition to find a rumored missing link between fish and mammal known as ''The Teaser''. Instead of looking for the fish, Pitt unravels a Nazi plot and smuggling operation. [[spoiler:He also gets his fish, but that happens so quickly when he does that it's possible to miss it.]]
* ''Franchise/JurassicPark'': Revived Dinosaurs by Technology. They are now left alone... mostly.
** When the mangled remains of one such dinosaur are found, Alan Grant and Ellie Sattler wonder if it might be a rediscovery like the Coelacanth. This is before they learn about John Hammond's little "science project."
* ''Literature/TheMockeryBird'': The eponymous bird was worshiped as a god by the natives of the small tropical island Zenkali until it was hunted to extinction by the colonizers. The book's protagonists discover that a small population of these birds are still around in a valley which the colonizers intend to destroy to build a power plant for the island's airport.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* The ''Series/DoctorWho'' episode "Dinosaurs on a Spaceship" is ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin. Some conservation-minded ancestors of the Silurians had cryogenically preserved some Cretaceous wildlife [[TheArk in hope of returning to re-stock]] the Earth after the K-T asteroid's destructive effects had abated, but their ship went off-course and wound up drifting for millions of years.
* ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'' revealed that some time after the original series the Klingon Empire embarked upon 'The Great Tribble Hunt,' rendering the species extinct. Unfortunately for them the special episode commemorating the franchise's 40th anniversary resulted in the crew going back in time and bringing a couple of tribbles back with them when they returned. Given their prodigious reproductive capabilities their numbers once again rapidly exapnded.

[[folder:Print Media]]
* ''Magazine/ForteanTimes'' has a strong interest in this aspect of cryptozoology and in fact has followed several cases where animals thought extinct appear to have returned to the world. it speculates, among other things, the British large cats people persist in seeing might ''possibly'' be a surviving native population, lingering on in small elusive numbers after being presumed extinct many hundreds of years ago.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* One example of fantasy creatures returning when TheMagicComesBack is the ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' TabletopRPG.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AnimalCrossing'' invokes the Coelacanth; see [[RealLife below]].
* As with ''Jurassic Park'' above, this trope is more or less the founding premise of the ''VideoGame/DinoCrisis'' series.
* ''VideoGame/FurFighters'' has a whole hidden world (which you might actually miss) found by digging down with a seriously large drill. Once down there you find a futuristic Dinosaur society where the titular characters are stars in a children's comic book.
* ''VideoGame/{{Pokemon}}'' has Relicanth, based on the most famous real-life example, the coelacanth.
** Predating Relicanth are Aerodactyl and Kabuto/Kabutops, the two fossils that can be revived by the player in the Gen 1 games ''VideoGame/PokemonRedAndBlue''.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Syberia}}'', it turns out that [[spoiler: woolly mammoths are Not Dead Yet and living on the eponymous island of Syberia, up in the north.]]
* The first three ''Franchise/TombRaider'' games has Lara Croft encounter a TyrannosaurusRex at one point in areas where humans have not inhabited the area for ages. Lara technically doesn't have to kill the dinosaur in order to advance (she can just dodge its attacks while gathering up key items and then leave), but in the Anniversary remake, the T-Rex is a full fledged boss fight that can't be avoided.
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Touhou}} Touhou 14: Double Dealing Character]]'' introduces Kagerou Imaizumi, the werewolf based on the extinct Honshu/Japanese wolf. Also crosses over with NotSoExtinct due to her werewolf nature.
* ''VideoGame/ValkyriaChronicles'': the central twist is that the Valkyria, a race believed to be extinct, still live on in the blood of two female characters in the game, and proves the possibility there could be more out there.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* There's always time travel for bringing an extinct dinosaur species back, like Cassie from ''Webcomic/TimesLikeThis'' [[http://www.timeslikethis.com/index.php?id=321 did.]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In the 1940's ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'' cartoon [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Arctic_Giant "The Arctic Giant,"]] a "Tyrannosurus Rex" is [[HarmlessFreezing thawed out of a huge chunk of ice]] and goes berserk.
* ''WesternAnimation/XiaolinShowdown'': A dinosaur is revived by Shen Gon Wo that can convert anything to a previous form. Guess what oil was?
* On ''WesternAnimation/{{Gargoyles}},'' the main characters wake up from a thousand-year curse in modern New York; aside from their enemy, the immortal [[BigBad Demona]], they seem to be the last gargoyles in existence. Eventually we discover several other gargoyle clans living around the world, with WordOfGod putting the species' current population at about 400.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' episode "Fun on a Bun", Fry ends up in a LostWorld inhabited by thought-to-be-extinct neanderthals and Ice Age mammals.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Theropod dinosaurs: we used to believe they were all wiped out in a mass extinction event, but there turned out to be survivors all over the place. We just called them "birds."
* Reports of possible surviving ivory-billed woodpeckers in 2005 have led conservationists to purchase some isolated areas of Arkansas woodland, in the hope that this officially-extinct species might still be hanging on there.
* The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coelacanth Coelacanth]] was believed to have gone extinct in the Cretaceous period. Until they were found alive and well in 1938. They're still doing fine. Unfortunately, the Coelacanth is now an EndangeredSpecies again, due to pollution and a tendency for fishermen to kill them pointlessly and destroy the bodies instead of throw them back and risk catching them again because of their supposed horrible, garbage-oil flavor and protected status if you're caught with one without special science permits.
* There are still occasional reports of Tasmanian Tigers being sighted in the wild in UsefulNotes/{{Australia}}, many areas of which are ''far'' from being thoroughly explored or even mapped from ground level so it's far from impossible.
* Wiki/TheOtherWiki has a whole list of them, both plants and animals. They are officially known as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lazarus_taxon Lazarus Taxa]] Species ''thought'' to have re-emerged after vanishing from the fossil record, but which [[SubvertedTrope turn out to be unrelated to the fossils they resemble]], are nicknamed "Elvis Taxa".
* A species of date palm known to have gone extinct in the wild ~1500 years ago has been revived when Israeli researchers planted a seed recovered by an archaeological expedition. Unfortunately, the resulting tree is a male and so can't produce seeds of its own.
* German zookeepers in the 1920s made a concerted effort to re-create the aurochs, extinct ancestor of domesticated cattle, by selectively breeding contemporary cattle for aurochs-like traits. Unfortunately, while the resulting pseudo-aurochs (known as [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heck_cattle Heck cattle]]) ''looked'' like the real thing, they lacked the necessary survival instincts to fend for themselves, preventing them from being reintroduced to the wild as intended. More recent attempts to re-engineer the aurochs have come much closer to replicating the original animal's genotype, but reintroduction of the species is still pending.
** Breeders in South Africa are similarly attempting to re-create the quagga, an extinct subspecies of plains zebra.
* Cloning attempts to recreate extinct species haven't yet produced any live adult animals. The only specimen to date to grow to full term, a Pyranean ibex, died seven minutes after birth from congenital lung defects.
* The baiji, also known as the Yangtze River dolphin, was thought to have gone extinct or at least functionally extinct in 2006 after years of industrialization and pollution of the river they lived in. In 2007, a man caught on tape what appeared to be a white animal swimming in the river and nine years later, several news sources announced a sighting of what has been speculated to be a baiji.