:: This is the fallacy of asking to be given an exemption to a rule that others are held to. It's typically used as [[ScrewThisIndexIHaveTropes an excuse for special treatment others don't receive]], or to win arguments by claiming to have special insights others don't have.
--> "I'm a judge, so I shouldn't have to stop at red lights."
:: This is fallacious because even if someone has certain expertise or is part of a specific group, they still have to provide evidence and cogent reasons for their position.
::A fairly well-known example is the common argument that the universe must logically have a creator. This goes:
-->Everything that has a beginning has a cause\\
The universe has a beginning\\
Therefore the universe has a cause.
::The special pleading here is that it's insisted that an ultimate cause exists; to avoid the infinite regress, it's claimed that this cause is the sole exception and does ''not'' require a beginning, and therefore does not itself require a cause.
:: Though this may "disprove" not only a creator, but the Big Bang, necessarily implying that the universe has no beginning, and thus that the Steady State theory is true, [[LogicBomb even though that has already been disproved]], and [[MemeticMutation my oh my I've gone cross-eyed]].
!!! Looks like this fallacy, but isn't:
* When there really is a reason why someone should be given special treatment. For example, an exemption for murder is often granted for someone acting in self-defense.
** Technically, this ''is'' a justification for the 'creator' argument, as a being who is outside of time would never require a regress point, as there would be no point at which it could have changed from non-existing to existing (time only exists where change does). Therefore, this being would have special properties (no beginning) and therefore immune from the recess issue. As logic dictates, infinite recess is impossible and [[SherlockHolmes "once you remove the impossible, what remains, however improbable, must be the truth!"]]
*** There still remains the whole "How does a being outside of time act on time?" problem, though.
**** Some theologians have thrown out the idea that since God is outside of time, He can act at all points at once, like an axel would on all of a wheel. The axel has been turning itself forever, but the wheels (universes?) are on different places on it. [[YourHeadAsplode HAS YOUR MIND EXPLODED YET?]]
* Mitigating circumstances not admitted in trial may be considered in sentencing; after the court has established guilt, it seeks to determine what penalty the particular case warrants.