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[[quoteright:330:[[Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Spock_McCoy_3D_chess_6865.jpg]]]]
[-[[caption-width-right:330:[[TheSpock A genius in three dimensions]], in the process of winning his fourth straight game...against a computer.]]-]

->''"Chess ''is'' the ultimate test of the human mind, isn't it?"''
-->-- '''Emmett Clayton''', ''Series/{{Columbo}}''

A common visual shorthand to indicate that a character is smart is to have them play TabletopGame/{{chess}}, {{Go}}, or some similar game. After all, [[SesquipedalianLoquaciousness Sesquipedalian Loquacious]] dialog can disrupt pacing, and not everyone is [[EEqualsMCHammer a chalkboard-toting professor]], but it's unobtrusively easy to insert a chessboard into a scene. The character doesn't even have to actually play it; simply lingering nearby with a concentrated gaze is enough to suggest deep thinking.
If two brainy characters (ie Charles Xavier and Magneto) play chess, the brainiest will inevitably end the game declaring "checkmate". Ironically, this indicates one of them must be a very low level player: even on basic clubplay level, a game rarely reaches checkmate because the loser will see it coming and resign.

While this is a popular trope with TheChessmaster and the MagnificentBastard, it's not limited to them, and having a ''[[TheDitz dumb]]'' character (try to) play chess [[HilarityEnsues is good for laughs]]. A variation is having a pair of idiots play [[{{Checkers}} draughts]] with a chess set.

[[TabletopGames Other strategy games]] can be substituted depending on the setting. To make it easier for the audience to identify with this trope, these games will be shown as very similar to chess, either by visual cues (checkerboard designs, chess-like pieces) or described outright as "[[VariantChess -chess]]" (Wizard chess, Vulcan chess, etc.).

If the normally very bookish character ''really'' [[BewareTheNiceOnes loses his temper]], he might end up FlippingTheTable instead.

See also HumanChess, ChessMotifs, SurpriseCheckmate, GameOfNerds, GeniusBookClub and PastimesProvePersonality.

Contrast CrazyPeoplePlayChess.

This is TruthInTelevision -- [[UnreliableNarrator just ask chess players]]!
----
!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Tropes]]
* The fact that TheChessmaster is ''named'' TheChessmaster is an example.
* ChessWithDeath is also an example. It's about trying to out-think Death with a game, but why do we name it after chess? This trope.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Anime/CodeGeass'': Lelouch Lamperouge is introduced by having him win an unwinnable (in a certain time frame) chess game. Needless to say, he is the second smartest person in the entire world of the series. ''The'' smartest guy in the world is a brilliant chess player, too. [[InformedAbility Don't look too closely at how they play, though; it's been outright admitted that the people who made the show at best only have a cursory knowledge of how the game works (enough to get the pieces right and that's about it).]]
** Usually the details of the gameplay are left in the background, but when they're not, well...in one game, Lelouch's opponent moves his king onto a square adjacent to Lelouch's king (an illegal move, since you can't move your king into check), and thus ''declares checkmate'' even though he doesn't think he has won. He did this to goad Lelouch into taking his king with his ''own'' king, but Lelouch doesn't do it because a pawn is guarding the enemy king; the nonsensical things here are too numerous to enumerate.
*** The nonsense of the move was {{Lampshaded}} by Odysseus, who rolls his eyes and says "Oh come on. That's just too much of a farce!"
*** Though it is worth pointing out that ''Anime/CodeGeass'' does take place in an alternate timeline, so it is possible that some rules of Chess might be different.
* Shikamaru Nara from ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' plays shogi which is also known as Japanese chess. It was getting beat all the time that his teacher Asuma learned that he was a lot smarter than he was letting on.
** His father plays it better than him, and needless to say, he is also smarter than Shikamaru.
* Hyper-intelligent Ami from ''Anime/SailorMoon'' plays chess, which is an important part of one episode where she plays against a villain who freezes her body more and more as she loses her pieces.
* Kaname from the ''VampireKnight'' manga.
* In ''Manga/MaidSama'', Hirofumi Koganei challenges several Seika Academy students to a game of chess to prove his superior intelligence, noting that he is the fourth best player in Japan. Takumi Usui [[CurbStompBattle curbstomps]] him handily.
* ''Anime/YuGiOh'' -- [[TheSmartGuy Seto]] [[JerkassWoobie Kaiba]] got him and his brother adopted by beating Gozaburo in a chess game. Gozaburo, on the other hand, was a Grandmaster, and not all-too smart at all. When he later confronts Kaiba at Duel Monsters, few fans would deny that his deck strategy was very poor.
** In the manga version, Mokuba claims that he cheated. Still, that's hardly a reason to say Seto isn't smarter than Gozuburo. (Gozaburo based his whole life on cheating and lying; Seto was likely just better at it.)
* In ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'', a heated match ended in 1 win for Mustang, 97 losses to Grumman, and 15 draws. Breda and Falman also have signs of this.
* The English dub of ''Anime/DigimonAdventure02'' explains that one of Ken Ichijoji's many genius-level talents is "playing a single game of chess while everyone watches." [[note]]The clip is set in a park with a ring of chess tables. Ken is, as the narration states, playing one game, while the single occupants at all the other tables turn to watch.[[/note]]
* In ''GundamSEEDDestiny'' the evil mastermind of the series, [[TheChessmaster Gilbert]] [[DarkMessiah Durandal]] is often time seen playing chess while imagining [[ISeeDeadPeople ghostly apparitions]] that talk to him. Needless to say, he's one of the brightest people in the show. As for his ghostly "opponent"? It's Rau Le Creuset, BigBad of the previous series, and one of the few people capable of checkmating Durandal, both morally and philisophically.
* In ''{{Durarara}}'', Orihara Izaya is far ''too smart'' to play mere chess. He instead plays [[{{Calvinball}} a game of his own devising]] which uses various gamepieces from chess, Go, and several other games.
* Played with in ''Anime/{{Monster}}'': Hyperintelligent Inspector [[SpellMyNameWithAnS Runge/Lunge]] tells some subordinates to not "waste time with such a boring game."
* Invoked in ''LegendOfGalacticHeroes'' with Yang Wenli, who proves himself time and time again to be one of the smartest and deadliest men alive and occasionally is seen playing chess. Inverted in that he kind of sucks at it.
* ''Manga/KenichiTheMightiestDisciple'': Akisame is revealed to be a master Othello player, among his [[TheAce seemingly limitless talents]]. He claims that he has never lost a game in his life. In this case we already knew Akisame was smart, this just reinforced the impression.
* While establishing Lupin's character in ''Anime/LupinIIIPilotFilm'', he and Inspector Zenigata play TabletopGame/{{Shogi}} over the phone. Naturally, Lupin wins by having one of his pieces disguised as one of Zenigata's.
* ''LightNovel/NoGameNoLife'': Shiro, the 11-year-old genius, beats the best chess A.I. 20 times in a row. She then later beats God in chess.
* In ''MahouSenseiNegima'', the (minor) reveal that the headmaster plays Go with Evangeline has a minor storytelling significance: one of the highest marks of superior skill in Go is not to beat your opponent so much as to control the game's outcome without your opponent realizing it... which often means playing the StealthMentor.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comics]]
* LexLuthor is often shown playing chess in his various incarnations.
** Lex Luthor's introduction in ''SupermanRedSon'' has him winning fourteen simultaneous games of chess on his coffee break, while also reading Machiavelli in the original Italian and teaching himself Urdu by tape "to keep my mind occupied". He also only becomes truly obssessed with defeating Superman after Bizarro (a Superman clone created by Luthor in this universe) beats him at chess.
** In PreCrisis days, Superman kept a giant chess-playing robot in the Fortress of Solitude that could play at super speed. [[RuleOfCool Because why not?]]
* [[TheSmartGuy Dilton]] of ''ArchieComics'' is frequently shown playing chess.
* ''YTheLastMan'' has the Daughters of Amazon led by Victoria, a master of chess.
* In an issue of the '70s version of ''Comicbook/{{Legion of Super-Heroes}}'', Timber Wolf (the team's feral member) is seen playing a game of chess. He loses, and he complains he was just about to use his secret tactic: ''kicking over the table!''
* Lampshaded and subverted in an issue of ''TheIncredibleHercules''. Facing a test of cunning set before him by a sorceress, Hercules examines a chess-like layout, then smashes the whole thing apart, claiming the answer was that the only way to win was to change the rules. The sorceress applauds him, even as her advisor points out that all he had to do was move one of the rooks. (She was target-locked on ol' Herc at this point, so some leeway isn't surprising.)
** In a related vein, one issue of ''[[Comicbook/TheAvengers Mighty Avengers]]'' shows Herc's TeenGenius ally Amadeus Cho -- described as the 7th smartest person in the world (Herc fans suspect Cho might deserve a higher ranking) -- defeating [[RidiculouslyHumanRobot The Vision]] at chess.
* Obadiah Stane, IronMan enemy, was pretty chess-obsessed, extending the metaphor to his mooks he employed. The movie gives him a pretty neat set to toy around with.
** Taking this trope UpToEleven, one scene in ''The Invincible IronMan'' has Tony Stark and Reed Richards playing each other on about ten different chessboards at the same time.
* Taken to extremes in ''ComicBook/CerebusTheAardvark''. Suenteus Po, an old wise philosopher, has grown so weary of the world that he hides in his small apartment and plays chess against himself... ''for decades.'' All of which seems to have been a way to protect his secrets from the BigBad, who can read minds. When she tries to read Po's mind, she sees chess...and ''nothing else''.
* ''{{Bamse}}'': Skalman plays chess - generally against himself, since other people aren't much of a challenge.
* Inverted in ''FoxTrot'': the BumblingDad Roger is almost always clueless, and he's the only one in the family that enjoys chess. Jason, the smartest of the family, only plays when Roger ropes him into a game, and wins in three moves.
* [[ComicBook/FantasticFour Mr. Fantastic]] and DrDoom can play a game of chess ''in their heads'', while wandering Doom's castle in Latveria, while having various other deep discussions, with some XanatosSpeedChess besides (i.e. Doom launching an attack on the other three with Reed having set some countermeasures in motion).
** In the ''ComicBook/FantasticFour'' mini-series "1-2-3-4" by GrantMorrison, DrDoom engaged Reed in a form of 4-D chess with an alien computer called the Prime Mover, manipulating the minds and emotions of Reed's teammates in order to destroy them. Reed realized that Doom's gambits were rigid and clumsy and was able to out-think him by being more flexible in his playing. [[spoiler: Literally, as it turns out, as he used his elongation powers to add new structures to his brain.]]
* In an issue of Justice League, Mr. Terrific plays two games of chess against Red Arrow and Black Canary... blindfolded!
* In ''[[ComicBook/{{X-Men}} The Uncanny X-Men]]'', Professor Xavier occasionally played chess against some of his students. Hank [=McCoy=] and Kitty Pryde have been known to beat him on occasion.
* {{X-23}} is quite intelligent and highly-educated, and is also known to play chess. Laura claims that she never loses when beginning a match against {{Storm}} during her solo series.
* Odin in ''ComicBook/{{Valhalla}}'' loves chess (despite the anachronism) and can almost constantly be seen playing it against his advisor Mimir when he's not taking an active affair in things. Subverted in that he always loses, and often [[EpicFail so badly]] that the results (and his ensuing attempts to weasel out of them by cheating) fall under RuleOfFunny.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fan Fic]]
* [[TVGenius Sherman]] from ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesTheSeries'' often does this.
* Related to the Justice League entry below: [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/3648035/1/ The Big Question.]]
* One ''WesternAnimation/ChipNDaleRescueRangers'' fanfic had a twist: [[GreatDetective Chip]] and [[GadgeteerGenius Gadget]] had some time to kill during a mission, but did not have a chess set. So, they just announced their moves, and simply kept the board and the positions of all the pieces memorized through the entire game.
* Averted in ''Fanfic/RespawnOfTheDead'', where we see a chess-game played between the Heavy and the Pyro, typically seen as the two dumbest members of the team. The Engineer, the most intelligent member with 11 separate degrees, prefers checkers.
* In ''Fanfic/ShadowchasersTorment'', Karl, the brains of the group, not only plays chess, he invented a holographic chess set based on the one in ''Film/ANewHope'' (which is being marketed by The Noble Collection and will be available for the holiday season, the narrative claims). In one chapter, he plays chess with [[BigGood Jalal]] while they are waiting for the results of a test, but Jalal wins. (Karl later comments that ''nobody'' can beat him at it, but then again, Jalal has been playing [[Really700YearsOld for almost a thousand years.]]
* Played with in ''Escape From The Hokage's Hat''. Tsunade brings up this trope in reference to Shikamaru and then has Naruto play checkers. When Naruto then asks why checkers instead of chess, she explains that it fits his fighting style (of spamming [[MesACrowd Shadow Clone Jutsu]] and working with the clones) since all the pieces share the same value but they only become dangerous if in the right position and gives Naruto practice in directing clones.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film -- Animation]]
* During the Matchmaker scene in Disney's ''{{Mulan}}'', the heroine briefly passes by a game of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiangqi Chinese chess]], then makes a move that clearly benefits one side.
* In ''MyLittlePony TheMovie'', The Moochic and his rabbit assistant Habbit are seen playing [[Franchise/StarTrek three-dimensional]] [[ShoutOut/WesternAnimation chess]]. Habbit wins.
* Somewhat subverted in ''SwanPrincess'' where Derek and Bromley play chess in one scene. Derek, while not dumb, is relatively simple-minded and Bromley actually loses ''while cheating''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film -- Live Action]]
* ''StarWars'' features R2-D2 and Chewbacca playing holographic chess ("dejarik") during the trip to Alderaan, suggesting R2's intelligence, Chewbacca's temper, and [=C3PO's=] timidity. And an [[FridgeBrilliance early example]] of Chewbacca's [[GeniusBruiser high intelligence]]. It's only later that we see him doing starship repair and rebuilding destroyed protocol droids.
* ''Night Train to Lisbon'' (2013) opens with a scene of a man (played by Jeremy Irons) playing chess with himself. We soon learn that the character, Raimund Gregorius, is a lonely university professor.
* All of the live-action ''Film/{{X-Men}}'' movies prominently feature scenes of chess. The first two feature Professor Xavier and Magneto playing against each other, a tradition started in ''X-Men First Class''. Later, this becomes a metaphor for their struggle over the future of mutantkind
** And subverted in real life. Everyone on the set naturally assumed that the erudite Creator/IanMcKellen and Creator/PatrickStewart knew how to play chess but neither of them did. As Stewart explained, he was always too busy with his career. And they had to be taught by a world champion! (Stewart said it was "like learning to drive with [[FormulaOne Michael Schumacher]]").
** Xavier and Magneto in ''Film/XMenDaysOfFuturePast''. But, in this case, it was more like discussing with a chess table between them, without playing much. The lack of play and banter almost seems to symbolize the extreme distance and hostility (perhaps the worst in the series) between them, including Erik's violent outburst just minutes earlier.
* Kronsteen in ''Film/FromRussiaWithLove'' is an actual chess grandmaster as well as being SPECTRE's chief strategist. His introduction shows him defending his title as champion of Russia when SPECTRE (SMERSH in the book) calls him into the meeting; he delays long enough for his opponent to run out of time before heading off.
* In ''LuckyNumberSlevin'', there is a scene where Slevin and the Boss discuss how Slevin will kill the Rabbi's son, interposed with a scene where Goodkat tells the Boss how he can manipulate Slevin into performing the murder, all while playing chess.
* The Oliver Parker film adaptation of ''Theatre/{{Othello}}'' has Iago (played by KennethBranagh) illustrating his plan with an actual chessboard.
* ''Film/BladeRunner''. Eldon Tyrell and J.F. Sebastian (one of Tyrell's genetic designers) regularly play chess as an indication of their intellects. The replicant Roy Batty tricks his way into Tyrell's presence by feeding Sebastian chess moves that beat Tyrell -- indicating Batty's intellectual superiority.
* During Spock's memory test in ''Film/StarTrekIVTheVoyageHome'', he is shown playing spherical chess on a computer screen. Given that it is Spock, the computer stood no chance.
* In ''Film/{{Silverado}}'', Sheriff Langston plays chess with himself, showing that he is intelligent and SurroundedByIdiots. Specifically, ''there is a deputy sitting opposite him at the chess board''; Langston makes a move, and then stoically turns the chessboard around so that he is now playing the opposite side's pieces every move.
* Famously parodied in ''[[BillAndTedsExcellentAdventure Bill and Ted's Bogus Journey]]''. The two title characters die and meet the Grim Reaper, who offers the traditional "[[ChessWithDeath play for your lives]]" challenge. Being [[TheDitz the ditzes]] that they are, Bill and Ted proceed to play and beat Death at ''Battleship, Clue, Twister,'' and other (less cerebral) games.
* Subverted in ''Film/WagTheDog''. After a particularly devious play in their campaign to create a fake war, the film producer remarks to the spin doctor, "I'll bet you're great at chess." The spin doctor replies, "I would be, if I could remember how all the pieces moved."
* ''Film/TheThomasCrownAffair'' original has characters incarnated by Faye Dunaway and Steve [=McQueen=] play sexy chess prior -- until he suggests they "play a different game."
* ''Film/TheAvengers1998''. Mrs. Peel and Steed play a game of chess. Mrs. Peel has been portrayed as a genius up to this point, and she plays from memory and handily defeats Steed to show her intellectual superiority.
* In ''Film/{{Pi}}'', Max and his mentor play Go, which factors into several mathematical and visual motifs.
* The BigBad in ''Film/TheInternational'' is shown teaching his son Go.
* In ''Film/TwelveRounds'', the villain interrupts a chess game between two random strangers playing by the street, and defeats the other player in four or so moves.
* ''Film/IndependenceDay'' has Julius and David Levinson playing chess together early on, with David winning easily. He spends much of the rest of the movie talking in ChessMotifs.
* [[StealthPun Played with]] in ''Film/BlazingSaddles'', as Bart and the Waco Kid build their friendship by playing chess. While neither man is particularly smart, [[OnlySaneMan they're geniuses]] compared to the ''other'' characters in the film.
-->'''Bart:''' "As I am your host and you are my guest, what do you like to do?"
-->'''Waco Kid:''' "Oh, I dunno... Play chess... Screw..."
-->'''Bart:''' "Let's play chess!"
* ''Film/CharlieWilsonsWar''. Insurgency strategist Mike Vickers is introduced playing chess in a park against four opponents simultaneously. In the non-fiction book however there's no mention of Vickers playing chess at all.
-->'''Charlie:''' [[SarcasmMode That's a useful skill...if Afghanistan's ever invaded by Boris Spassky]].
* ''Film/GreenLantern'' introduces professor Hector Hammond, zoologist and alien examiner, by having him play chess over the internet.
* In ''Film/ABeautifulMind'', the genius John Nash is seen playing {{Go}} with another really smart guy. When John lose, he have an emotional reaction that is easily mistaken for being a SoreLoser. However, it's actually the beginning of a revelation that will eventually land him a Nobel Prize.
* In ''Film/TronLegacy'', Kevin Flynn is a wise DeityOfHumanOrigin who is said to often play {{Go}}... [[ChekhovsSkill and who usually wins, because he avoids impatient and aggressive strategies]].
* In the second Film/SherlockHolmes film, Holmes and Moriarty frequently play against each other.
* Inverted in ''Bad Company'', in which Chris Rock's character is adept at chess. He's street smart, but not book smart.
* In ''Film/CubeZero'', Wynn is prominently shown playing chess with Dodd and beating him at every turn to show off his advanced mental faculties.
* In the film version of ''Anime/DeathNote'', Light and L play a brief game against one another, while holding a conversation about L's suspicions that Light is Kira. Light wins, to which L responds with a deadpan "Impressive."
* ''Film/IronMan1'': Backgammon variant, in the cave. Using [[MemeticMutation scraps]] (like nuts and bolts), presumably from [[OverlyLongGag a box]].
* From ''Film/CaptainKronosVampireHunter'', after the two of them watch the love interest head off to join the title character...
-->'''Professor Hieronymous Grost:''' "I play chess."\\
'''Doctor Marcus:''' "And I have a bottle of very good wine, tucked away for a rainy day."\\
'''Grost:''' *Glances up at the cloudless sky* "It's pouring."
* ''Film/HellraiserInferno'' opens with Detective Joseph Thorne playing speed chess against a friend of his to show his intelligence. On top of that he has a phone conversation halfway through without interrupting his game and goes right back to playing a basketball game after he trumps his opponent.
* ''Film/ColossusTheForbinProject''. Forbin is playing against Colossus using a stylized chess set while his colleagues try to shut down the MasterComputer with a LogicBomb. Unfortunately by that stage [[DeusEstMachina Colossus has advanced in intelligence so much]] it overcomes the attempt in a few seconds, while simultaneously completing the chess move with obvious RuleOfSymbolism.
* In ''Film/TheThing1982'', R.J. Macready is introduced playing chess against the computer. [[EstablishingCharacterMoment When he loses, he responds by pouring his drink into the computer, destroying it.]] Throughout the movie, Macready establishes himself as the most GenreSavvy of the crew, and ends up being [[spoiler: ([[TheEndOrIsIt possibly]]) one of the [[FinalGirl Final Guys]].]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* Happens regularly in Creator/TerryPratchett's ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' novels:
** Lord Vetinari has an elegant Thud! board in his main viewing room, and plays it remotely with a friend in Uberwald.
** In ''Discworld/GoingPostal'', the Thud! board is also used to contrast Reacher Gilt and Lord Vetinari's ways of thinking, as well as Crispin Horsefry's ignorance.
** The Assassin's Guild are also said to play "Stealth Chess", a chess variant with an additional "assassin" piece. Vetinari is a grandmaster of this game.
** Lord Hong from ''Discworld/InterestingTimes'' measures the intelligence and tactical minds of his collegues and rivals by what exceedingly long length of time they'd spend analyzing a chess board before making their move. He gives Vetinari a rather high honor by suspecting the time between moves would last for days. Whether intentional or not, this is brought up again in ''Discworld/GoingPostal''. While discussing a communications breakdown, Vetinari mentions that in a way he's pleased by it, as it gives him a few more days to consider his next move in the aforementioned long-distance Thud! game.
** [[DaChief Samuel Vimes]] can't ''stand'' chess; he doesn't understand why the pawns don't overthrow the kings and set up a republic. While a bit BookDumb, Vimes is still one of the [[strike:smartest]] savviest people on the Disc.
** A running joke is that Death hates playing chess because he can never remember how the 'little horse-shaped one' moves. It doesn't matter anyway, given Death never loses a game unless he wants to.
** Granny Weatherwax, one of the smartest people in the series, also stated she can't stand chess; when she finds herself in a ChessWithDeath situation they both quickly agree to play cards instead.
* The {{Deryni}} counterpart is cardounet. Joram [=MacRorie=] and Rhys Thuryn are playing it when the short story "Catalyst" begins, and young Alaric Morgan gets a set as a gift. Both Alaric and Joram excel at such tactical games.
* ''Literature/HarryPotter'' books. Played with and generally subverted or averted. In Wizarding Chess, strategic mastery is only half the game. The other half is successfully gaining the loyalty of your sentient chess pieces such that they'll actually do what you tell them.
** Ron is skilled at Wizard Chess, but is not exceptionally intelligent otherwise. At the end of the first book he successfully plays against an magically powered and sentient chess set, in what Dumbledore describes as "the best-played game of chess Hogwarts has seen in years." Fandom tends to ignore the chess part entirely, as well as his seven [[UsefulNotes/SeniorExamResultsComparisonPage OWLs]], and turn him into a complete idiot.
** Hermione is the smartest of the group but terrible at it.
** Harry, the hero of the trio, keeps getting whooped at it by Ron throughout the series.
* The ''Franchise/StarTrekExpandedUniverse'':
** ''Literature/TheFinalReflection'', by Creator/JohnMFord, reveals that Klingon military strategy is the province of military "thought admirals", who hone their skills in ''klin zha'' (Klingon chess). The (Klingon) protagonist's father, who is a thought admiral, also studies other races' equivalents of ''klin zha'', including the Human game "chess", to gain insight into the races that play them.
** In ''StarTrekTheBraveAndTheBold'', Captain Robert Desoto of the ''Hood'', Riker's former commanding officer, is a champion-level Go player. His reputation is such that he could never find anyone to play him, so he resorted to teaching some of his naive staff the game...including Riker, a "brash young lieutenant who didn't like games where he [[{{Poker}} couldn't bluff]]", and his current first officer, which he regretted as she went from the standard handicap to regularly ''beating'' him inside of a year.
** ''[[Literature/{{Rihannsu}} My Enemy, My Ally]]'', by Creator/DianeDuane, introduces the idea of ''four-dimensional'' chess. The board is cube-shaped (the pieces are controlled by a special transporter system to keep them from falling off) and players can remove a piece entirely to use it later (although every time a player does that, the other player gets to make several moves in a row). At the beginning of the book, Kirk is about to lose to Spock. Bones takes over for Kirk and beats Spock.
* Several of Creator/RaymondChandler's Literature/PhilipMarlowe books show Marlowe studying chess problems during his down time. (Although he's never seen playing an actual game, because that would presuppose that he had friends to play with.)
* Sort of played with in the first of Jacques Futrelle's "Thinking Machine" mysteries. The title GreatDetective has never played chess before and doesn't have a high opinion of it, but is somehow able to use his clever reasoning to beat a chess champion on his first try.
* The ''{{Starcraft}}'' novel ''Liberty's Crusade'' shows [[MagnificentBastard Arcturus Mengsk]] as an avid chess player, complete with a chess set in his command center. He also gives a comprehensive deconstruction of ChessMotifs in real strategy.
* ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'':
** Bella classified Eric as a "chess nerd". This is frustrating for anti-fans, because a) Bella is judging Eric by his looks, and b) never, at any point in the series, do we see Eric playing chess.
** Alice and Edward play chess together, because, you know, Edward being a telepath, another psychic is the only opponent who can give him a good game.
* Lord Loss, from Darren Shan's ''The Demonata'' series, is exceptionally intelligent and very manipulative. Chess is his second favourite pastime (after torturing humans)
* Does Tara in the beginning of [[JohnCarterOfMars Chessmen of Mars]] count?
* The ''ForrestGump'' book has Forrest learning to play chess rather well, going up against various masters of the game.
* TimothyZahn once said that writing the MagnificentBastard [[TheThrawnTrilogy Grand Admiral Thrawn]] is like playing chess with himself.
* SmartPeoplePlayChess is a frequently recurring motif in Creator/RobertAHeinlein's work, usually taking one of two forms: a four-year-old child playing chess against adults, or two characters passing the time in a stressful situation by playing without a board. In ''Literature/SixthColumn'', Major Aardmore shows his superiority over the BigBad by offering the solution to a chess problem. The BigBad can't figure out how it works; months later, after his defeat, he asks Aardmore about it. Aardmore admits that he had no solution and was simply bluffing. The BigBad either kills himself in disgrace or dies of apoplexy or frustration; it's not clear which.
* In a variant, Theo in ''TheWestingGame'' plays chess with someone who only makes moves when he's out of the room. At first, all we know is that Theo's opponent is sneaky, not necessarily smart. However, an eventual BatmanGambit move by Theo's opponent reveals to Judge Ford that the other player is [[spoiler: the brilliant Sam Westing, who isn't dead after all]], because she's seen that same tactic before. Eventually, [[spoiler: grown-up Turtle]] beats Theo's opponent in a chess game, which makes sense because [[spoiler: she turned out to be the only one smart enough to solve the Westing Game as well]].
* Cluny the Scourge, in ''Literature/{{Redwall}}'', makes a vow to himself to learn to play chess while his EvilPlan is falling into place, going by the logic that since his real-life tactics work so well he'll be unbeatable. He never does get the chance to try, though.
* Several really smart characters in the ''Literature/CodexAlera'' are fond of the chesslike game ''ludus''. [[GuileHero Tavi]] learned to play from Ambassador Varg (one of several {{Chessmaster}} types), and also plays against WorthyOpponent [[TheStrategist Nasaug]]... [[CrazyAwesome in the middle of a battle between their armies]].
* Subverted in ''Market Forces'' by Creator/RichardMorgan, a 2004 sci-fi novel in which CorruptCorporateExecutive types battle for promotion by fighting MadMax-style road duels. The protagonist Chris Faulkner has been manipulated into a fatal road duel with his friend Mike Bryant (a more skilled driver) in order to eliminate them both as potential rivals. In a JustBetweenYouAndMe moment the antagonist derides Faulkner and Bryant's chess hobby, pointing out that its restricted field and strict rules make the game useless training for real life.
* In ''Literature/{{Peacebreakers}}'' by Mindy Mackay, [[MagnificentBastard Isabella Sordeno]] is shown playing chess, as is her brother and two of her minions. Subverted when accomplice [[spoiler:Jackson]] becomes the only one to beat her since her ascension to {{Chessmaster}}, as he is characterized more as reckless than intelligent.
* Creator/JamesHSchmitz's Literature/TelzeyAmberdon is a superpowered TeenGenius telepath, introduced in one story, playing in the planetary championship games.
* In Raymond Feist and Janny Wurts' ''Empire'' trilogy, characters who are good at chess are inevitably good tacticians, especially the lords of House Anasati, and their utterly unbeatable TrueNeutral genius advisor.
* "Stones" (a fictional game that bears a resemblance to the Chinese boardgame Go) fulfils this trope in ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime''. Morgase Trakan, Pedron Niall, and Thom Merillin are all master Stones players and excellent strategists and politicians, and often make observations about other characters based on their ability at the game. Matrim Cauthon is a strategic whizz and rather a good Stones player, but too impatient to beat the best players. The villainous Moridin is described at a master not just of Stones but of every game of skill he's ever bothered to learn and, ChessMaster that he is, tends to visualize his entire EvilPlan as a vast boardgame where he controls all the pieces on both sides.
* In ''[[Literature/{{Goddaughter}} The Goddaughter Duet]]'', not only does Daphne Whitford play chess, when she's informed that George liked chess already, Daphne upgraded it to ''speed'' chess.
* One of Literature/ArtemisFowl's covers was a chess prodigy. The guard, also a chessmaster (not [[TheChessmaster that kind]]), didn't believe it, and challenged him to a game. Artemis [[CurbStompBattle beat him in six moves]].
* In ''Franchise/TheDarkTower'' series, Smart Tacticians Play Castles.
* Some of the ForgottenRealms novels have a drow variant of chess called sava, where there is an extra component: a pair of dice. A player can opt to not move their own pieces in favor of rolling the dice. If they get a double spider, they can move one of their ''opponent's'' pieces. This is supposed to represent the drow tendency for treachery.
* ''Warhammer40000'' has its own version of chess called "regicide" (the rules are never detailed). Literature/CiaphasCain writes in his memoirs that he was able to regularly trounce Lord General Zyvan, who was probably Cain's superior in actual military strategy and tactics, at it and adds that he suspects that Zyvan found the game too abstract for his tastes.
* Literature/TheDraka play chess; unfortunately, owing to the author's CriticalResearchFailure, the only moves quoted in ''The Domination'' are complete nonsense ("Knight to King's Pawn Four" is syntactically invalid, never mind whether it would be a good move or not).
* Averted in The Stefan Zweig novella ''The Royal Game''. The world champion in the story is a BookDumb savant from a poor rural village. The amateur who defeats him is not presented as exceptionally intelligent either.
* OneShotCharacter Kurt from ''The39Clues.''
* There are a lot of board games similar to chess in Franchise/StarWars, but the one most commonly used in its place is [[http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Dejarik Dejarik]]. In ''Literature/GalaxyOfFear'', Hoole plays a game against a computer, much to his nephew's surprise since he's used to Hoole reading for entertainment. Hoole says it's intellectually stimulating. When his nephew asks why he's studying the screen even though the computer is blinking YOUR MOVE at him, he says "It is important to move when you want to, rather than when your opponent wants you to", which [[ThisIndexWillBeImportantLater comes up later]].
* Played with in the FrederickForsyth novel ''The Negotiator''; Quinn, the title character, is an intelligent character capable of strategic thinking, but admits he doesn't play chess very well. However, [[ItMakesSenseInContext a KGB general gives Quinn a book on chess]], advising him to study it and that it will help him to catch the BigBad. It does.
* True in George RR Martin's ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' novels. The local form of chess is known as ''cyvasse'', and good players include the extremely clever Tyrion Lannister, the scholar Haldon Halfmaester, the quite intelligent princess Myrcella, and the good tactician Brown Ben Plumm. Doran Martell is a subversion; he never plays any game he could potentially lose.
* ''Literature/TheWomanInWhite'': Miss Marian Halcombe is very smart and very good at games, naturally she's also good at playing chess. However, when she plays with Count Fosco, she discovers very quickly that her let her win. She immediately calls him on it as she wants to be treated with respect and as an equal. He apologizes and utterly destroys her in their next game.
* Haymitch and Peeta are among the most cunning characters in ''Literature/TheHungerGames''. In ''Catching Fire'' Katniss comes home to find them playing chess in her kitchen.
* Characters in K. J. Parker novels are usually very intelligent and this tends to entail being skilled chess players as well:
* In ''Literature/TheFoldingKnife'', the MagnificentBastard protagonist Basso is a very skilled chess player, so good in fact that after his wife notices he's letting her win, he challenges himself to lose on purpose in a way that obscures this.
* ''Literature/{{Sharps}}'' also includes the idea of being smart enough to lose on purpose, and all of the main characters range from competent to genius at chess and are all [[BadassBookworm quite intelligent in addition to being master fencers]]. The work also has the cunning SmugSnake PoliticalOfficer aver this, commenting the he has no interest in chess because he can know how to defeat his opponent from the very first move. Likewise, it is purposefully averted with General Carnufex, a brilliant strategist, who is not good at chess himself, but can accurately gauge others from their style of play.
* Subverted in EdgarAllanPoe's "The Murders in the Rue Morgue", widely considered to be the first detective story. The story begins with a discussion on the difference between calculation and analysis (the latter being a "true" indicator of intellect), and uses chess as an example of the former, noting that in chess, the winner is typically whoever can concentrate longer, not whoever is smarter.
* Dovasary Balitang from ''Literature/DaughterOfTheLioness''. She's just thirteen, but she's very well-read and thoughtful; she has several adult chess partners in the Palace. [[spoiler:Good traits for a Queen.]]
* One NeroWolfe mystery focuses on an exhibition chess game in which the guest player (playing simultaneous blind games against a local chess club) is murdered. One person brought into Wolfe's office is uncomfortable confiding in him without having first played a chess game with him. Wolfe (who does not enjoy chess) responds, "Very well. I have no board or pieces." Only a few moves later, his opponent notes Wolfe's last move was commonly known as inferior to a specific alternative... and is then forced to agree with Wolfe that unlike the conventional play he'd of course rehearsed the counter to, he can no longer keep track of the game in his head and concedes.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* In the original ''[[Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries Star Trek]]'', Mr. Spock would often play 3-D chess when off duty (usually against Captain Kirk). One episode has Spock discovering that the ship's computer was tampered with when he managed to beat it at the game. (Spock's reasoning was that because ''he'' was the one who programmed the computer to play chess, it would be unlikely that he could manage anything better than a stalemate while playing against it.)
** Subverted in the 1st season episode "The Corbomite Maneuver", which has Spock making chess references left and right, trying to use it as an analogue for the situation the ship finds itself in. Kirk eventually realizes that the best game analogue should actually be poker, and proceeds to bluff the alien ship about what would happen if he fired on the Enterprise. The alien buys it (or is at least intrigued enough by the bluff to play along).
* ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration''
** A brilliant tactician defeats Data at a chess-analogue game. In the rematch Data defeats him by using RealLife anti-computer tactics.
** In another episode, Troi beats Data at 3-D chess. (To anyone who understands chess strategy or game theory, this scene (mentioned in more detail on the StrawVulcan page) takes clear artistic liberties, as Troi extols the virtues of "intuition" in a game that is fundamentally brutally mathematical, and at which Data would likely have an unfair advantage, but it's also a nod to the original series which used the excuse that Kirk was capable defeating Spock at chess precisely because of emotional illogic rather than strategy and mathematics.)
** In yet another episode, after Barclay's encounter with a Cytherian probe, he gains an understanding of chess as a residual ability from his period of super-intelligence.
** Ironically, the game of choice for the Enterprise-D's crew is {{Poker}}, which requires a different sort of strategy based on statistical analysis and, frequently, cold reading. Even more ironic is that Troi doesn't seem to have any advantage at ''this'' game even though intuition would make much more of a difference (and her superpower). At the beginning of the series, Data had little understanding of the various subtleties involved in poker (Riker had to outright explain what a bluff actually was). However, as the series progressed, Data gained an understanding of the game, and used the fact that he didn't have emotions to create the ''perfect'' poker face.
*** It could very well be the case however that Troi simply refrains from using her empathic abilities during poker because she feels that doing so would constitute cheating. Likewise, the crew trusts Geordi to not use his visor to cheat, and Data to not count cards (Data having cheated at gambling, poker included, several times in the series to get the crew out of a jam).
* In ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'', Benjamin Sisko has a 3-D chess set in his office.
* ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'' also had ''[[http://memory-alpha.org/en/wiki/Kal-toh kal-toh]]'', a Vulcan strategy game. It was played by Tuvok, Harry Kim, Icheb, and simulations of Socrates and T'Pau. Harry once called it "Vulcan chess", a comment which Tuvok dismissed, claiming that "Kal-toh is to chess as chess is to tic-tac-toe."
* In ''Series/{{Andromeda}}'', another tv series based on one of Gene Roddenberry's ideas, captain Dylan Hunt preferred 3-dimensional {{Go}}.
* One episode of ''TheBigBangTheory'' had Sheldon and Leonard play 3D chess to demonstrate Leonard's ignorance.
-->'''Sheldon:''' Obviously, you're not well-suited for three-dimensional chess. Perhaps three-dimensional Candy Land would be more up your speed.
** Sheldon also made a 3-player chess board and new pieces.
** And then there's chess surrounded by laser burglar alarms...
** Leonard teaches [[TheDitz Penny]] to play plain chess... and loses to her in their first match.
* Gideon from ''Series/{{Charmed}}'' plays chess with an evil version of himself from the MirrorUniverse.
* In ''Series/{{Heroes}}'', Sylar manipulates Danko into cooperating with him while toying with the pieces on a chessboard.
* In the drama ''Series/{{Leverage}}'', [[TheChessmaster team mastermind]] Nate Ford frequently plays online chess.
** And in "The Juror Number Six Game", Earnshaw, the lawyer opposing them, also plays chess. Ford uses ChessMotifs to explain her tactics.
** It is interesting in The Three Card Monte Job that contrasts Nate's chess with his father's three card monte, a game based entirely on deception.
** WorthyOpponent Sterling also plays chess. He and Nate play a game at the beginning of "The Queen's Gambit Job" that ends with only the two kings left standing.
*** During the episode, we're introduced to Olivia Livingston, who's The Mark's stepdaughter [[spoiler: and Sterling's birth-daughter: Stering's divorced from her late Mom, who was killed by a car bomb]]. She's guarded at a chess tournament, and her life's endangered by her step-dad's illegal deals. [[spoiler: Sterling's able to regain custody of Olivia while Nate sabotages a nuclear weight in the episode.]]
* During the ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' episode "Superstar", one of the first things Jonathon does is beat Giles at chess (while simultaneously teaching slaying strategy to the rest of the Scoobies).
* Chessboards appear in ''Series/{{Dollhouse}}'', though they are rarely prominent in the plot. Topher, the Los Angeles Dollhouse's resident programmer and genius, usually has a board in his office, and has an improvised, chalk-drawn one beside the sleeping pod where he holes up after losing his mind in the dystopia of "Epitaph One." Also, "Getting Closer" includes a scene in which Bennett and Echo while away the hours with chess while repairing the hard drive containing Echo's original personality, Caroline. (Though the real Caroline was smart but no genius, Echo -- thanks to the repeated personality imprints on her brain -- by then has 40 minds to draw upon and might well be a match at chess for Bennett ''or'' Topher.)
** In the unaired pilot, Topher is shown playing chess on three different boards (against himself, presumably).
* In ''TheWestWing'', President Bartlet plays chess. At one point he plays several games simultaneously while solving a crisis related to Taiwan. Later Leo insists that he continue to play weekly, in order to make sure his multiple sclerosis isn't affecting his reasoning ability.
* In ''FatherTed'', faced with a choice between a game of chess or Buckaroo, {{manchild}} Dougal predictably goes with the less cerebral option, prompting Ted to roll his eyes and say "Buckaroo: the sport of kings."
* In ''Series/RedDwarf'', the highly-advanced AI Holly, [[YouFailTheIQTest with an official IQ of 6000]], plays chess -- but not very well. (Although the only time we've actually seen the outcome of one of his games, it subsequently turned out that he'd been playing to lose, and against himself.)
** Before the 3 million year narrative jump, Holly was playing chess by correspondence with a computer named Gordon, who had an IQ of 8000. In "Better Than Life", the crew intercepts a load of mail from 3 million years ago, which includes a video of Gordon declaring the first move, then having trouble turning off the recording device.
* In the new ''OuterLimits'' episode "I, Robot", Leonard Nimoy's character, a retired lawyer, plays chess a lot. He comes out of retirement because it bores him.
* In one episode of ''{{Cheers}}'', Fraiser teaches Woody how to play chess, and Woody proves to be very good at it. Fraiser suggests that he is an ''idiot savant'' (although Woody does not know what that means).
* Similarly, the cold open of an episode of {{Wings}} comes upon Lowell and Roy in the middle of a game. When a frustrated Roy demands that Lowell make a move, as they've been sitting there for 30 minutes, a confused Lowell says, "I thought it was ''your'' turn!". An even more annoyed Roy snaps at him to move. . .and sure enough, Lowell instantly checkmates him.
* In the ''{{Frasier}}'' episode "Chess Pains", Frasier gets irritated that Martin is a better player. Frasier keeps forcing Martin to play chess until he finally wins a game.
** The subversion of this trope lies in the fact that Frasier is a highly-educated and sophisticated psychiatrist, while Martin, his father, is a working-class BookDumb retired cop. Martin points out that the reason he's so good is that a lot of the skills he acquired as a detective apply to chess (devising strategies, staying one step ahead of the other guy, etc). Which makes Martin ''far'' from dumb. Indeed, many episodes imply that Martin is ObfuscatingStupidity, making this a double subversion.
* One episode of ''Series/{{House}}'' has a prodigy chess player as a patient who plays a game with Dr. House. He would have lost, but he bluffs House out, which results in him technically winning.
* It isn't enough that Charlie Eppes of ''NUMB3RS'' could multiply four-digit numbers in his head when he was three, graduated from high school and entered Princeton at 13, completed his bachelors degree in three years and is a multiple Ph.D. No, just so we'll know he's ''really'' smart, he regularly beats his father and his former academic advisor (both portrayed as above average intelligence) at chess, too. (But he's [[DoWellButNotPerfect Not Too Perfect]]: he doesn't do so well at Scrabble.)
* On one episode of ''Series/{{Lost}}'', Locke [[spoiler:unlocks a secret message]] by beating a computer game of chess.
* ''{{Warehouse 13}}'' does this double in one scene; Artie is pondering over a game of chess with himself and says that it's White's move and White's about to lose, while Lena tells him that Claudia's not such a bad kid. Claudia then walks by, moves a piece, announces checkmate, and walks off.
--->'''Artie (astounded):''' "I'll be damned."
--->'''Claudia:''' "Well, maybe, but I'm not one to judge."
** And then averted/subverted in a later episode: Artie is [[AIIsACrapShoot trapped in the warehouse by an advanced A.I. program]]. He challenges the A.I. to a game of...Battleship. [[spoiler: Artie wins, by cheating, which ends up being key to figuring out what's going on in the episode.]]
* A different version of this trope is seen with war games (the kind played on a board). Two examples include a ''Series/{{Columbo}}'' movie in which the killer used the playing of the game as an alibi (he'd actually set up the game hours beforehand) and an episode of ''Series/TheEqualizer'' where a former general set up a complicated revenge against [=McCall's=] client. In both examples the villain becomes unstuck due to the game -- the misplacement of a single soldier exposes the false alibi in ''Series/{{Columbo}}''. The general, once his EvilPlan has failed, plans to kill the Equalizer and his client with the cannons (rigged to fire poisoned darts) on his model of Pickett's Charge. Only a single cannon fires though -- at the general, as [=McCall=] has got at the model beforehand. The dying general is impressed, and concedes the game to his opponent. For the record, Columbo himself seems to subvert the trope; he's a mastermind police detective who hides his genius under a BookDumb facade, and yet he seems to prefer checkers. In the episode in question, while the killer and victim were antagonizing each other over chess pieces, we soon cut to Columbo and his dentist heavily engrossed in a checkers game.
* On the ''WizardsOfWaverlyPlace'' episode "Make it Happen", the Russo's kids have to choose an alternate career in the case of they don't become wizards. Justin's first idea is to make money by travelling the world defeating robots at chess.
* ''WhiteCollar'' frequently depicts Neal and Mozzie playing chess. An oddly organized pursuit for anarchistic Mozz.
* ''Farscape'' had Crichton play the game against Harvey (the neural clone in his head). They appeared to be relatively evenly matched, with the outcome being appropriate to the larger situation they were in.
** Sikozu also once brought the game to Scorpius (whose intelligence was the only one on board she saw as on par to her own) so they could play.
* Occasionally pops up in ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** The Fourth Doctor would often be seen playing chess against his robot dog K-9. And would often lose.
** As fitting the Seventh Doctor's status as TheChessmaster, this would pop up from time to time in his era. He's participating in a chess game against an unseen opponent in "Silver Nemesis", and the climax of "The Curse of Fenric" hinges on whether the Doctor is able to flummox his opponent with a chess puzzle.
** Eleven is seen playing an agent of the Silence at 'Live Chess', a variant where moving a piece too many times causes it to give an electric shock to the player if touched. He forces his opponent to continually move his queen until the shock the piece harbors is lethal, then concedes the game, sparing his opponent from death, in exchange for information.
* ''TheSarahConnorChronicles''. A flashback scene shows Sarah Connor entering a South American guerilla camp; sitting in a jungle clearing is her son playing chess with their commander.
* In an episode of ''Series/StargateSG1'', Samantha Carter is playing chess with Cassandra. Cassandra mentions O'Neill, and states that he's not as dumb as he pretends to be. The example she gives of his ObfuscatingStupidity is that he insists on calling the knight pieces "horses."
* One scene in ''Series/JohnAdams'' shows Benjamin Franklin playing chess... [[DirtyOldMan in a bathtub with Madame Helvétius.]]
* On an early episode of TheWire, D'Angelo Barksdale finds his lieutenants Poot and Bodie playing checkers with a chess set. He teaches them the rudiments of the proper game and sets it up as a brilliant extended metaphor for the Barksdale drug organization. Bodie recalls it ''three seasons later'', shortly before [[spoiler: he's killed]].
* On ''Series/TheXFiles'', child psychic Gibson Praise is first seen playing an adult in a chess tournament. Subverted because it's not a proof of his great intelligence, but the fact that he can read minds and has alien DNA.
* In one episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds'', Spencer Reid is seen playing chess...against himself. Throughout the first two seasons, he and Gideon played frequently with Gideon beating Reid almost every time. Gideon claimed that to win and be a good profiler, he needed to learn to think outside the box.
* Jared Padalecki of ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' fame. Tends to come off as rather [[ObfuscatingStupidity silly]] at times, yet a part of one DVD episode's commentary the director mentions his complete and utter destruction of chess opponents.
* In the ''Series/MysteriousWays'' episode "The Big Picture," Declan asks Miranda (his assistant and a very intelligent physics grad student) to play chess with him. She replies that last time she beat him in nine moves.
* A non-chess example. One one episode of ''Series/TheDailyShow'', NeilDeGrasseTyson has a cameo to answer one of Jon's questions. Someone handed him a Rubik's Cube as a prop just before he walked onto the set. He solved it ''while answering the question'' and dropped it on the desk before he walked off set.
* Inverted in ''TheSuiteLifeOfZackAndCody''. Maddie is smart and London is really, really dumb, yet Maddie can't beat London at chess.
* ''TheSuiteLifeOnDeck'' had an example similar to the Zack and Cody one. After losing an arm wrestle to Bailey's redneck boyfriend, Cody suggests that he's probably not so good at more intellectual endeavors such as chess. Wrong.
* On an episode of ''TheMentalist'', Jane plays a game of chess with one of the world's top puzzle experts. They don't bother to use a board.
* In an episode of ''Series/DansUneGalaxiePresDeChezVous'', the crew knows one of them is the [[StarWars Jedi Apprentice]] and decide to play 3D chess (called Échec et Mars) to find out who has the most intelligent, and thus the apprentice. [[spoiler:Turns out the Jedi apprentice is Bob, the dumb pilot who mentions he fainted due to the game's difficulty even before he even opened the box.]]
* In ''{{Oz}}'', book smart Tobias Beecher teaches street smart thug Chris Keller how to play chess; Keller has no patience for it, but goes along with it as part of he and Vern Schillinger's BatmanGambit. Later, he and Schillinger are seen playing chess; it's hinted that Keller already knew how to play.
* In an episode of ''FamilyTies'', Steven, tired of losing at chess to Alex, studies the game copiously and finally manages to beat him. However, Alex is out of the room when Steven checkmates him and Steven accidentally knocks over the board in celebration.
* The ''Series/{{Sherlock}}'' episode "The Empty Hearse" has a scene cleverly subverting this: a scene opens with Sherlock and Mycroft clearly playing chess, and they proceed to banter for an entire scene while still clearly playing chess. The end of the scene zooms the camera out, revealing that [[DepthDeception the chess board was on the other side of the room]], and they were actually playing the kid's game Operation.
* In the "Strange Fruit" episode of ColdCase, a white suburban housewife is initially infuriated to find a strange black boy (the VictimOfTheWeek) in her house (mistakenly assuming that he's cavorting with the housekeeper) until she looks at the chess board she has set up and instantly realizes from the move that he made that he's a terrific player. It kicks off an very unusual friendship. . .which unfortunately sets in motion a chain of events that lead to his murder.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theater]]
* Subverted in the musical ''Chess''. Molokov and Walter manipulate world-champion chess grandmasters against each other for political purposes, but they themselves don't play the game.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* White Wolf's ''{{Exalted}}'' brings us Gateway, a Chess-extract used to teach military strategy and politics to the children of the Scarlet Dynasty. Most members of the Dynasty are Terrestrial Exalts... superhumans with sometimes reflexive mastery over elements, regular skills (each individual with their own 'prodigy' knacks), and lives that often extend up to and beyond three centuries. the 'Hunting Cat' rule variation allows Gateway to serve as a meditative game of solitaire, while monks use the 'Spirit Frog' rule variation as an allegory to teach philosophy and ethics. It might be aptly said that Gateway is what Chess would be, if Chess were designed by people who had gotten bored with Chess.
* TabletopGame/VampireTheMasquerade gives the [[BlueBlood Ventrue]] and [[TheSocialDarwinist Lasombra]]. They are known to have a heavy fascination with the game of chess. And both clans pride intelligence.
* Wyrd's table top game ''{{Malifaux}}'' gives us a scene featuring [[OnlyInItForTheMoney Outcast]] [[WalkingWasteland Leveticus]] and his sort-of-apprentice [[CloudCuckooLander Rusty Alyce]] playing a game in their free time, which concludes in Leveticus placing Alyce in check after explaining that she is too rigid in her style and needs to adapt as the game goes on. Alyce then proceeds to [[TakeAThirdOption blow a hole in the board where Leveticus's checking piece had been placed]] with her [[HandCannon Clockwork Seeker]], asking if that was [[CrowningMomentOfFunny adaptable enough]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* One of the Nod mission briefings in the original ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquer'' has Kane playing a game of chess while explaining the upcoming mission to the player.
* ''{{Killer7}}'': Harman Smith and Kun Lan [[GoKartingWithBowser play chess while not engaging in their neverending conflict]].
-->'''Harman Smith:''' Nothing has changed for 30 years. No matter how many times you try, the result will be the same.\\
'''Kun Lan:''' Ahh, yes. Like our chess games, you always seem to win.\\
'''Harman Smith:''' Do you know why?\\
'''Kun Lan:''' You tell me.\\
'''Harman Smith:''' [[CaptainObvious Because you're a bad player]].
* Inverting cause and effect, ''VideoGame/TheSims'' plays this by increasing you sim's "logic" stat by playing chess.
* Miles Edgeworth of ''VisualNovel/AceAttorney'' fame has a chess set in his office. Phoenix notes that the problems he sets up tend to have the red side utterly dominating the blue side, if you get my drift.
** Also, ''AceAttorneyInvestigations 2'' is confirmed to feature a Logic-chess system, which Edgeworth uses to corner his witnesses and force them to reveal their secrets, simmilarly to how Phoenix did it with his Magatama.
* Mori Kibbutz from ''GrandTheftAutoIVTheBalladOfGayTony'' plays and easily wins chess game with his brother while doing a boxing workout. The he boasts about his academic achievements.
* ''SaintsRow The Third'' has the chess matches between Pierce and Oleg.
* ''VideoGame/EscapeFromStMarys'': This is the game of choice for the "A level" students in the game.
* KatawaShoujo: ShrinkingViolet Hanako loves chess, and indeed, it seems to be one of the only joys she has left in her otherwise miserable life - as well as the method via which she first opens to Hisao. However, in a slight subversion, the fact that she ''loves'' playing chess doesn't necessarily mean that she's any ''good'' at it (which is understandable, given that for years the only person she had to play against was her best friend Lilly, who is ''blind''). Meanwhile, scheming megalomaniancal genius Shizune would much rather play {{Risk}}... When she does decide to play chess against Hanako, she easily wipes the floor with her all the while giving her a silent psychological analysis based on her play style. [[spoiler: And her deduction, that Hanako doesn't really like chess so much as she likes her memories that are associated with playing chess, turns out to be perfectly accurate)]].
* It seems that the Medic from ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'' plays chess. In [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8a398ROtnqM this unused draft]] of "Meet the Medic", there's a chess board set up next to his seat on a train. And he seems to be quite smart (although his surgical technique could use work), if also [[CrazyPeoplePlayChess crazy]].
* ''Franchise/MassEffect'':
** Inverted as Shepard flat-out sucks at chess, claiming it's since s/he keeps trying to apply real-life infantry tactics. His/Her opponent, an avid strategy gamer, mocks this explanation ruthlessly.
** Played straight in the Omega DLC. The main antagonist is a Cerberus general well known for being a brilliant tactician. Most of his cutscenes show him playing chess against a computerized opponent.
* Similarly played with in ''VideoGame/FireEmblemAwakening''. You'd expect the [[PlayerCharacter Avatar]], a [[TheStrategist famed tactician]], to be unparalleled at their universe's version of chess, but he/she still loses regularly to Virion in their supports. Virion goes into detail about why: in chess, you're not as attached to individual units as you are in real war, so the optimal strategy is to sacrifice most of your pieces to achieve the larger goal of defeating your opponent. That kind of strategy would [[PyrrhicVictory win the battle but lose the war]] in reality, while the Avatar's (i.e. [[NoCasualtiesRun a good Fire Emblem player's]]) efforts to ensure that NoOneGetsLeftBehind are more applicable.
* ''VideoGame/WatchDogs'' {{Invert|edTrope}}s it. There's a chess minigame which can be played at several locations. Playing it enough unlocks the final adrenaline mode skill; the in-game explanation for it is that it represents Aiden's ability to think quickly, implying that playing chess helped make him smarter.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* Discussed in the ''{{Insecticomics}}''. While trying to dissuade a Mary Sue from shoehorning her way into the Decepticons, Kickback uses Dreadmoon as an example: he's both intelligent and extremely good at chess, but this doesn't make him a genius tactician in real life.
* In ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary'', AIs play chess to test their relative intelligence, particularly Ennesby and Haban. You can tell when one of them is seriously outclassed because his opponent will be able to predict the entire game before the first move is played.
* Billy Thatcher in ''Webcomic/MorphE'' is a chess grand master with his own reality TV show. His early defining character moment is playing a game of chess via notation doubling to show off his intellect and eidetic memory.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In ''DarwinsSoldiers'', Hicks mentions Shelton was chess champion in a contest at Pelvanida.
* In ''WebVideo/ATrailerForEveryAcademyAwardWinningMovieEver'', the smart glasses-wearing best friend is shown at one point studying a chessboard from board level shifting angles as he did.
* [[TheOtherWiki Wikipedia]]'s page for [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alzheimer%27s#Prevention Alzheimer's disease]] states: "Intellectual activities ... have been linked to a reduced risk of AD in epidemiological studies, although no causal relationship has been found." Guess what they show a picture of to indicate "intellectual activities."
* In ''FreemansMind'', Gordon complains that [[SubvertedTrope despite popular perception, chess doesn't actually measure intelligence]]; it measures the ability to think a step ahead of the opponent. He also says that it doesn't matter how smart you are; Einstein and Tesla would still lost to the guy who committed the entire board and piece configurations to memory.
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[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In the ''[[WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague Justice League Unlimited]]'' episode "Wake the Dead", Shayera Hol and Aquaman are seen finishing a game of chess. Aquaman wins and taunts Shayera over both her loss and the quiet way she acquiesced, and the taunts themselves get no reaction. His dialogue reveals that the game itself was not the point, but that he is trying to get her break out of the funk she had been in since the end of "Starcrossed", as she used to regularly beat Batman when they would play. Amazo, the super-intelligent evolving android that at this point in the series is nearly a god, also likes to play chess with Aquaman. Aquaman never actually ''beats'' Amazo, but is at least commended for taking longer to inevitably checkmate.
* {{Subverted}} in ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' episode "The PTA Disbands": Bart is seen in the park playing several games of chess at once; he loses all of them. A parody of a scene in ''Knight Moves''.
* In ''CodeLyoko'', [[PairTheSmartOnes Aelita and Jérémie]] are sometimes seen playing chess. Another time, when [[BookDumb Ulrich]] gets easily beaten by Jérémie, he suggests a karate rematch.
** Aelita and Yumi are also seen playing {{Go}} in the beginning of one episode.
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans'', Cyborg and Raven, generally portrayed as the two smartest team members, are shown playing chess with each other.
** The [[BigBad Brotherhood of Evil's boss]] and his [[TheDragon Dragon]] are seen playing chess as their minions engage the various international Titans.
* ''WesternAnimation/XiaolinShowdown'': Raimundo shows a surprising knack for it while playing against [[RuleOfCool a talking dinosaur with a British accent.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'':
** played for Laughs as Zoidberg is seen contemplating a chess board... and then [[ExtremeOmnivore eats]] one of the pieces.
** It's Played for Laughs in the opening sequence of another episode, where Fry is playing holographic chess with Bender (a ShoutOut to the example in ''Film/ANewHope''). Fry actually seems to be winning at first (having more pieces than Bender and making a move that results in a Check) despite referring to a piece as "pointy guy" (likely a Bishop), suggesting that he's a novice. Then Bender says, "Get 'im, boys!" and his pieces tackle Fry. To which Fry groans in response, "Good move..."
* Done subtly on ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb.'' MadScientist [[MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate Dr.]] [[HerrDoktor Doofensmirtz]] seems to be a fan of chess. When he is bored, he suggests that he and Perry use his travel chess set. He even schemes to freeze every evil scientist nemesis and turn them into a live [[HumanChess Animal chess set.]]
* WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy: Brian/Stewie play chess during their cross-country trip with Quagmire.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/HeManAndTheMastersOfTheUniverse2002'' episode "The Roboto Gambit", Man-at-Arms builds Roboto to play chess with Man-e-Faces (because he can beat everyone too easily in his super-smart robot form). In later episodes, Roboto plays chess with Orko and Sy-Clone.
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[[folder:Real Life]]
* Inverted by Norbert Wiener, inventor of Cybernetics, path integrals, and large parts of applied fourier analysis. He would often play chess, but was usually beaten after making simple mistakes. On one occasion, a student who didn't know about this tendency spent ten minutes trying to work out what strategy he had thought of that would enable Wiener to checkmate him by sacrificing his queen. He asked Wiener what this was, and Wiener promptly asked to take back his previous move, not having realized he had put his queen in a position to be captured. The reason is that chess requires a lot more than mere intelligence. As the Carl Sagan quote indicates, chess requires "strategy, foresight, analytical powers, and the ability to cross-correlate large numbers of variables and learn from experience". While these traits can accompany high intelligence, they are not guaranteed. And of course, most important of all is the [[ShapedLikeItself skill to play chess]]. It is estimated that it takes 15000 hours of practice for the average person to reach expert levels in chess.
* HumphreyBogart liked to play chess and stated in an interview that it was one of the things he treasured in life. He shares a love of chess, incidentally, with at least two of his characters: Rick Blaine in ''Film/{{Casablanca}}'' (some reports claim that the chess game Rick was playing was ''actually'' part of a postal match Bogart was playing with someone fighting overseas in WorldWarII), and Philip Marlowe in ''The Big Sleep''.
* Creator/StanleyKubrick had a lifelong obsession with chess, saying, "If chess has any relationship to filmmaking, it would be in the way it helps you develop patience and discipline in choosing between alternatives at a time when an impulsive decision seems very attractive."
* As [[Music/WuTangClan RZA]] discusses in [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ut69WcBvR3c#t=6m18s this interview]], the [[http://www.hiphopchessfederation.org/ Hip-hop Chess Federation]] clearly believes in this trope, using chess as a tool to teach strategy, life-planning and impulse control.
* Often partially inverted in real life chess champions -- Kasparov follows some very questionable historical theories, while Bobby Fischer was notoriously self-absorbed and ragingly anti-semitic (despite [[BoomerangBigot being half-Jewish]]) and early 20th century chess champion Aleksandr Alekhine was a raving egomaniac with possible Nazi connections. See more at CrazyPeoplePlayChess.
** But then again, you have: Jose Capablanca, who managed to secure a Cuban diplomatic post (even if it was primarily due to his chess skills, some level of social ability is needed to both get and keep a political patronage job); Paul Morphy, a talented attorney (said to have memorized the entire Louisiana legal code) who resented being unable to start a successful law practice because of the attention drawn to his chess ability; Emanuel Lasker, who had a doctorate in mathematics, wrote works of drama and philosophy, and held the world championship for 27 years; Max Euwe, who also held a doctorate in mathematics and, before he became world champion, used mathematics to show that the rules of chess as they then stood did not preclude the possibility of neverending games; Mikhail Botvinnik, who was one of the best electrical engineers in the Soviet Union (he played a key role in developing early chess computers), in addition to being the first world champion after the second World War and winning his title back after it was taken from him by a younger opponent. Twice.
* Averted by many computing professionals now that computers can reliably beat the best human players. The IBM Markham and Google Mountain View break rooms for software engineers have Go boards (computers aren't as good at Go).
* Since 2011, chess lessons have been made part of the curriculum in every public school in Armenia. Armenia is the first country in the world to make chess mandatory in schools.
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