After {{Grunge}} went out of style and {{Britpop}} failed to gain a foothold in America, this subgenre of AlternativeRock -also known as Third Wave ska - briefly came to the fore at the end of TheNineties. Owing as much to HairMetal or Classic Rock as it did to [[TwoTone 2 Tone]] or {{Reggae}}, ska punk essentially fused nineties PopPunk with semi-metal guitars and then added horns, syncopated rhythms and [[LyricalDissonance some of the most cheerfully dissonant lyrics you're likely to find in pop music]].

That's the musical style in a nutshell. To elaborate on the history of the genre, we'd have to go back to New York City in the early 1980s, where the first American ska scene began to develop. Much of the credit for the early development of American ska can be attributed to Robert "Bucket" Hingley, a British expatriate who enjoyed 2 Tone ska, founded his own band (The Toasters) and created the Moon Ska Records label, which recorded almost every noteworthy East Coast group at some point. Around the same time, a group of school friends from Massachusetts started TheMightyMightyBosstones, whose fusion of ska and HardcorePunk was influential in the development of the ska-core style.

By the late 1980s, the most successful American ska scene was developing in California, where short-lived but hugely influential groups like Operation Ivy combined hardcore and ska influences to create their own brand of ska-core. A west coast alternative to Moon Ska appeared in the form of the Asian Man Records label, formed by Skankin' Pickle saxophonist Mike Park. After the huge success of {{Grunge}} and PunkRock in the early to mid-nineties, ska was well placed to enter the mainstream. Early successes to come out of the California scene included reggae fusion masters {{Sublime}}, Op Ivy offshoots {{Rancid}}, whose album ''... And Out Come the Wolves'' was the first American ska record to be certified Gold and some punk bands, like Music/{{NOFX}} and TheOffspring, who also recorded some ska-influenced songs.

In 1995, ska punk was finally brought to mainstream attention with the release of NoDoubt's multi-platinum ''Tragic Kingdom'' album, which created a big demand for similar-sounding groups. 1996 and 1997 would be the peak years for the Third Wave revival. ReelBigFish, Sublime and The Mighty Mighty Bosstones all had hit singles on the Modern Rock charts, while groups like Less Than Jake and Mustard Plug skanked it up in Florida and the mid-west respectively and music by Save Ferris or the Toasters featured in films or TV. For a while, ska punk was pretty popular.

In the early 2000ís another wave of ska punk came about called Crack Rock Steady, fusing Ska, Crust Punk and DeathMetal.

However, ska's fifteen minutes of fame in America were soon up. Unlike {{Britpop}}, which was clearly finished off by the third {{Oasis}} album, it's hard to place a definite GenreKiller for ska punk. A lot of bands split up, while others (such as No Doubt, Less Than Jake and the Aquabats) changed their sound a bit. Even so, there were plenty of bands that stuck to their ska guns, such as Reel Big Fish or the Bosstones, who continue to play to audiences who remain as rabid as ever, and every so often bands - such as Chase Long Beach and Streetlight Manifesto - come along who look like they may revive ska for a fourth wave.


Also of note is that ska-punk caught on outside the U.S., more so than it did outside UsefulNotes/{{Jamaica}} or the U.K. during the first or second wave; while it didn't get as popular anywhere else as it did in the U.S., there was no backlash against it, either. In parts of [[LatinLand South America]], the third wave of ska never really ended.

!!Bands include:
[[index]]

* [[{{Music/ThreeEleven}} 311]] (though they also count as FunkMetal, RapRock and AlternativeMetal)
* The Aquabats! (later changed to... well, [[NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly who knows what]])
* Bim Skala Bim
* Buck-O-Nine
* Catch 22
* Chase Long Beach
* Dance Hall Crashers
* Music/{{Fishbone}} (also counts as FunkMetal and NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly)
* FiveIronFrenzy
* Goldfinger (on their first two albums only, they then became PopPunk)
* illScarlet
* Hepcat (also Music/Reggae)
* LessThanJake (though they also count as PopPunk)
* Let's Go Bowling
* Mephiskapheles
* TheMightyMightyBosstones
* Mustard Plug
* NoDoubt (up until [[NewSoundAlbum Rocksteady]], at least)
* Operation Ivy (pretty much the TropeMakers, or at least TropeCodifiers, of the whole genre)
* Pepper (they're more of a PunkRock / Music/Reggae hybrid really, but they still count)
* The Planet Smashers (though they come close to traditional Ska, with less PunkRock influence)
* Music/{{Rancid}} (also count as HardcorePunk)
* Music/{{ReelBigFish}}
* Save Ferris
* The Scofflaws
* Skankin' Pickle
* The Slackers
* Slightly Stoopid (also Music/Reggae and borderline FunkMetal)
* Smash Mouth (well, sometimes, anyways)
* Streetlight Manifesto
* Music/{{Sublime}} (also Music/Reggae and AlternativeHipHop)
** Long Beach Dub All-Stars
** Sublime with Rome
* The Suicide Machines
* The Toasters (though closer to 2Tone in sound)
* The Untouchables
* The Upsetters (also Music/Reggae)
* The Voodoo Glow Skulls
[[/index]]

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!!Tropes
* IncrediblyLamePun: The ska pun started with one of the early '60s bands, the Skatalites, but it got really ridiculous in the '90s, when it seemed like every other band name or album title was one. A couple of the worst: Flux Skapacitor, Mephiskapheles
* JerkJock: Fans of the genre have generally grown to be stereotyped as this, primarily due to the party-friendly nature of the music and the frequent inclusions of ska-punk songs on nineties fratboy comedy movie soundtracks. Sublime, Reel Big Fish, and 311 in particular have gained a reputation for fratboy douchebag fans; while this isn't entirely true, the reaction at the average college bar when "Santeria" or "Beautiful Disaster" comes up on the jukebox proves that it isn't untrue, either.
** The genre has been abandoned to a greater-or-lesser extent by this demographic in recent years though- they tend to prefer Top 40 Pop and RnB, {{GangstaRap}} / GlamRap and Brostep (a subgenre of Music/{{Dubstep}}) these days. Back in the 90s/early 2000s, on the other hand...
* LyricalDissonance: A complete set of examples would probably fill a page on their own. This trope was practically a trademark of the genre. In short: most Ska Punk songs have bouncy, upbeat music and superficially sound extremely happy, but if you actually pay attention to the lyrics they are some of the most cynical, sarcastic, snide and/or self-deprecating songs ever written.
* NoHitWonder: Many of the better known groups managed to be successful without getting many actual hit songs. They were either this or a...
* OneHitWonder: Reel Big Fish and the Mighty Mighty Bosstones have only really had one charting hit each: "Sell Out" and "The Impression That I Get," respectively. However, both bands have major cult followings.
** Reel Big Fish even had a song about it ("One Hit Wonderful").
* OneOfUs: Curiously enough.
** Especially when one takes into account the reputation of the genre as JerkJock fodder.
* SelfDeprecation: It's hard to find a ska band without a bit of this going on (particularly the ones who have been in it since ska's nineties heyday).
* TropeCodifier: The Toasters for American ska music in general, the Mighty Mighty Bosstones for ska-core and Choking Victim for Crack Rock Steady.