Shiritori is a Japanese word game that can be played by two or more people and is often used to pass the time. The rules of the game are as follows:

#The players take turns coming up with words beginning with the final syllable of the previous word;
#Words may not be repeated;
#Whoever uses a word ending in "N" loses, since there are no words in Japanese beginning with the "N" syllable.

Additional rules may be added, such as restricting the words to a specific theme (e.g.: trees, cars, names of cities...).

This game is also played in many other countries, usually replacing the "syllable rule" with a "letter rule" (i.e.: the next word has to begin with the last letter of the previous word), since most languages use letters instead of syllables for writing, and eliminating the "N rule". A common English variant is "Alphabet," where they think up words in alphabetical order (i.e.: "Apple," "board," "cart," etc until Z).
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!!Examples

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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* A version with catch phrases, one-liners, and assorted strange sentences is used for the {{Eye Catch}}es for ''Manga/HayateTheCombatButler'''s first season and ''ZettaiKarenChildren''. It's one of the quirks of director Keiichiro Kawaguchi.
* The first episode's Post Episode Trailer for ''{{Sola}}'', where Yorito keeps coming up with names of clouds.
* Happens in an episode of ''HidamariSketch'', when the group are sitting around watching Miyako's apartment leak.
* This happens in ''{{Kanon}}'' (both the game and the anime), with Yuuichi and Mai. Since Mai keeps adding "[[{{Honorifics}} -san]]" to animal names, she always loses.
* In the final episode of ''{{Planetes}}'', [[spoiler:Hachimaki proposes to Tanabe ("Kekkon shiou")]] during a Shiritori game. [[spoiler:She accepts ("Un!"), losing the game in the process.]]
* The titular club plays this in the BeachEpisode ''{{Genshiken}}'', and it swiftly derails into a fight because Madarame refuses to refer to a ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' character (Sayla Mass) without the suffix "-san".
** Shiritori [-[[RecycledInSpace WITH GUNDAM]]-]!
* In ''KeroroGunsou'', Keroro, Tamama, and Giroro play this in the episode where they visit Grandma Hinata at her house in the country.
* This also happens in an early episode of ''Anime/ExcelSaga''. Since Excel and the person she's playing with are both hungry, all the items they name are food.
* Played at the Deimon Devil Bats' party to celebrate [[spoiler:their victory over the Hakushuu Dinosaurs and th efact that they made it to the Christmas Bowl]] in ''[[{{Eyeshield21}} Eyeshield 21]]''.
* In ''{{xxxHolic}}'', Shiritori is revealed as a method for warding off evil spirits, but only after Watanuki is "tricked" into playing it while being chased by said evil spirits, making this a sort of reverse ChekhovsGun example.
* In the ''Manga/DotHackLegendOfTheTwilight'' manga, Shogo plays this with an AI. You cannot beat someone who can instantly look up every word that exists.
* One episode of ''DigimonAdventure'' has the characters split into teams and play the game with song lyrics.
* In ''Ray'', Ray's mentor is immune to mind reading - he constantly plays shiritori in his head whenever a telepath is in range.
* Spontaneously happens in an episode of ''Manga/{{Gintama}}'' when the Yorozuya trio are [[ItMakesSenseInContext playing hot potato with a time bomb.]]
* In ''FutariWaPrettyCure'', Nagisa and Mepple end up playing ''shiritori'' while hiding from the goon squad on a subway station after the villains manage to separate them from Honoka. Due to Mepple's VerbalTic ("mepo") Nagisa has to come up with words that start with "po", until Mepple tells her that "ho" is okay too. Of course, the only word Nagisa can think of is [[TearJerker "Honoka"]]... which leads to [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome major ass-kicking]].
* As with the ''Kanon'' and ''Genshiken'' examples above, in the ''Manga/AhMyGoddess'' TV series, Belldandy loses against Keiichi when she calls eggs "Tamago-san".
* In ''{{Nichijou}}'', Yuuko is particularly bad at shiritori, often falling afoul of the N rule. In a drawing-based variant while passing notes to Mio during class, she draws {{Superman}} and notices that she will lose since it ends with N. She tries to correct this by changing it to Superman''s'', but Mio doesn't buy it and crosses out the "s" and the extra Supermen she drew in a hurry.
** A few episodes later, while the girls are trapped inside an elevator, they start playing shiritori to pass the time, Yuuko's first word is ''Mika'''n'''''(Orange).
* The third episode of ''Manga/DailyLivesOfHighSchoolBoys'' had this. Tadakuni, who hated that, eventually passed on several times ''completely by accident''.
* Kane, Millie and Canal play this in the ''LostUniverse'' episode "The Bathroom Disappears". After a while, they reach a point where any word Canal suggests causes the other two to come up with a word that reminds them of the fact that the bathroom has disappeared.
* The main cast of ''LightNovel/{{Toradora}}'' is playing this on the bus to the ski resort, at least until Minorin drags it way off track with yet another non sequitur.
* ''NoGameNoLife'' has ''materialization'' shiratori, where any word said materializes if it isn't there. If it is already there, then it disappears.
* One episode of ''Manga/{{Kitakubu Katsudou Kiroku}}'' has arguably the most exciting game of shiritori ever played.

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* The game shows up a few times in ''Series/GoGoSentaiBoukenger'', the first and most notable instance being when four of the five team members are trapped in a snowfall in their mecha. They were so confident Satoru was going to rescue them that they figured they may as well pass the time with a game.
* ''Series/MarriedWithChildren'' has an example of the game being played with the "letter rule" in English, using place names. It gets derailed when Kelly thinks Alabama ends with R ("Alabammer").

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[[folder: Music ]]

* Used in one of [[{{Vocaloid}} Kagamine Rin]]'s popular songs, ''Su-su-su-suki, daaisuki":
-->''Let's play shiritori--"Shiritori", "Rin"--\\
Sorry... I really suck at this...''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* In one of the Houses of Salvation in ''VideoGame/TalesOfSymphonia'', a kid plays this with you. The player always wins.
* ''VisualNovel/{{CLANNAD}}'' (VisualNovel): Kotomi and Tomoya spontaneously break out into a game of shiritori. Tomoya loses with "rujinen" (anthropoid), but Kotomi recovers without skipping a beat with "N'Djamena" (capital of the Republic of Chad).
-->'''Tomoya:''' Anyway, you can't use N'Djamena.\\
'''Kotomi:''' ...Are you a bully?
* ''Wagyan Land'' has shiritori boss battles.
* The 7th boss song in ''{{beatmania}} IIDX 19: Lincle'' is unlocked with looped shiritori; playing sets of songs with titles that qualify (alphabet-style, according to the song's title on the machine marquee, and linking the last and first songs) gradually unlocks the song "[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N3v73FLZJW4 The Limbo]]".
* A ''Pokemon'' CD featuring the oddball Imakuni was a song featuring a Pokemon themed version of this game, only called "Pokemon Sandwich".
* You can sometimes eavesdrop on a pair of villagers playing this in the ''VideoGame/AnimalCrossing'' series.
* ''VisualNovel/YuminaTheEthereal'' has Yumina suggest that another party member play it with her. It never starts, likely because Yumina is infamous for being an idiot.
* In the ''VisualNovel/LittleBusters'' drama CD, Kurugaya suggests to Masato and Kengo that they play a version of shiritori revolving around names for muscles. They eagerly agree, so she invites them to begin. They try a few times to come up with something, only to embarrasedly remember that in Japanese, all muscle names end with 'n'.
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