[[quoteright:206:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/BILLS.gif]]

Creator/WilliamShakespeare, being the important literary figure that he is, shows up frequently as a fictional character--so frequently, in fact, that a number of standard conventions have developed about how he's portrayed.

Most of the fiction about Shakespeare has him experiencing things that mirror his writing, with the implication that they served as inspiration. Specifically, often many of these things are portrayed as true:
* ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'' the play is a reaction to the death of Hamnet Shakespeare (his only son).
* Shakespeare knew some Jews, or a Jew, which is why ''Theatre/TheMerchantOfVenice'' was FairForItsDay. Sometimes the Jew in question is Rodrigo Lopez, who was a physician to Queen Elizabeth until he was convicted of treason.
* Some woman Shakespeare knew was the real Dark Lady from his ''Sonnets''. As one contender, Emelia Bassano, was of Sephardi ancestry, this might overlap with the ''Merchant of Venice'' one above. (For some reason there aren't nearly as many fictional presentations of the beautiful young man who's the other central figure in the ''Sonnets''.)

There are also a number of other common threads in Shakespearean fiction:
* ''Theatre/TheTempest'' and ''Theatre/AMidsummerNightsDream'' are related somehow--possibly because Puck and Ariel are connected.
* Creator/ChristopherMarlowe's death is significant, or possibly [[FauxDeath faked]].
* Shakespeare's marriage was of at best questionable happiness (because he only left his wife his "second best bed" in his will, and because he spent most of his life in London while she was in Stratford-upon-Avon). His wife gave birth less than nine months after their marriage, so it's often presented as a ShotgunWedding. [[JustifyingEdit It's worth mentioning that Shakespeare scholars dispute both these factoids]]: apparently the second-best bed was the bed a couple would typically sleep in (the best was kept for guests - like the "company dinner service") and under the laws of the time, the wife would automatically inherit a large share of the estate. As for the marriage, Shakespeare and his wife had been formally engaged for a number of months before the marriage ceremony and at the time, engaged couples were seen as married in all but name. (This crops up as an important plot point in ''Theatre/MeasureForMeasure''.)
* One or both of the lost plays, ''Love's Labour's Won'' and the Fletcherian collaboration ''Cardenio'', play some important role in the plot.
* Very little Shakespearean fiction actually subscribes to any of the standard unorthodox perspectives in the authorship controversy, but often the existence of the controversy is referenced somehow--either by having one of the standard candidates give Shakespeare writing advice, or by coming up with a new (and probably completely absurd) candidate for authorship.
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!!Fiction where Shakespeare appears as a character includes:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''RomeoXJuliet'' has William de Farnese alias Willy, a playwright who lets the Capulets take shelter in his theater. He's a BunnyEarsLawyer who is always late for work and seems not to take things seriously, but turns out to be SmarterThanTheyLook (i.e., he is perfectly aware of Juliet's secret even from the start.)
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In ''ComicBook/TheSandman'', he makes a deal with Dream--he's given writing ability, and in return Dream will get two plays from him (which end up being ''Theatre/TheTempest'' and ''Theatre/AMidsummerNightsDream''). Hamnet dies after being captivated by the real world version of Titania, and it's implied that this leads to ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}''. (And Shakespeare's ability to write a death that made the audience cry). It's hinted that ''The Tempest'' is a bit of vanity on Dream's part; "We are such stuff as dreams are made on," etc. Prospero has a lot in common with Morpheus...
** More specifically, Dream wanted ''The Tempest'' to end the way it did because, ''unlike'' Prospero, he will never be able to abandon magic and leave his own "island".
* In ''KillShakespeare'' Hamlet is asked by Richard III to kill a wizard who may or may not be real: William Shakespeare, who is worshiped throughout the country.
* Ralf König's ''Jago'' tells, among other things, how Shakespeare came to write ''Theatre/{{Othello}}'' in a complicated plot that also heavily borrows from ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'', involving three witches and an ambitious actor who will stop at nothing to play Jago. The play originally was going to be called ''Öthellü, the Turk of Istanbul'', but because Gus Phillips is infatuated with a black sailor, the lead character is changed to a moor. Shakespeare himself is in a deep funk because the two objects of his affection, the Earl of Southampton and Emilia Bassano, have fallen for each other. König helpfully provides endnotes pointing out his historical and literary allusions and quotes.
* In ''Comicbook/{{Marvel 1602}}: [[Comicbook/FantasticFour Fantastick Four]]'', Shakespeare is kidnapped by [[Comicbook/DoctorDoom Otto von Doom]] to record his voyage to Atlantis.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fan Fiction]]
* In Fanfic/LightAndDarkTheAdventuresOfDarkYagami, his name is spelled "[[RougeAnglesOfSatin Shakespeer]]", he speaks in YeOldeButcheredeEnglishe, and he was [[YouFailHistoryForever The King of England]]. When threatened, he talks in "Pomes". They are painful.
-->"You cant shootest me with an gun
-->It would not be very fun
-->I will call the gard to stop you
-->They will all stab you
-->With there knives
-->And then you will not have any lives!"
-->But the poem was too long and by the time he got to the end he was dead.
** FridgeBrilliance: Shakespeare spelled his name eleven different ways when he was alive. There wasn't really any standardization of spelling at the time.
* ''Fanfic/ChildrenOfTime'''s second episode is a retelling of the Series/DoctorWho episode described below in the Live-Action TV folder. The fun of it is getting to see him interact with Literature/SherlockHolmes and Dr. Watson. Watson fanboys, and Will actually does a bit of fanboying back. He also ends up deducing that Holmes and Watson are from the future, and becomes the first person ever to say "Elementary, my dear Watson."
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* The Creator/RolandEmmerich film ''Film/{{Anonymous}}'' ([[Website/FourChan no relation]]) involves the theory that the Earl of Oxford wrote Shakespeare's plays.
* ''Film/ShakespeareInLove'', obviously. The entire movie is about real-world events that inspired his play. Some examples of this include:
** Marlowe's death looks like it's important. Shakespeare claims to be Marlowe at a ball where he gets between Lady Viola and her fiancé, so he later ends up thinking that the fiancé had Marlowe killed. It turns out to be a RedHerring; when Shakespeare shows up at Marlowe's funeral, [[AttendingYourOwnFuneral the fiancé's reaction]] inspires the scene with Banquo's ghost in ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}''.
** Lady Viola (who dresses as a boy in order to be able to act) is the inspiration for the character of the same name in ''Theatre/TwelfthNight''. She may also be the beautiful young man of the Sonnets.
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[[folder:Literature]]
* ''Ink and Steel'' and ''Hell and Earth'' by Elizabeth Bear are urban fantasy novels with Shakespeare and Marlowe as protagonists. They start with Marlowe's (apparent) death, and much is made of the ([[ShownTheirWork very real]]) Marlowe references in ''Theatre/AsYouLikeIt''. Interestingly, Hamnet's death in these books is ''also'' the Puck's fault--this may be a ShoutOut to ''[[ComicBook/TheSandman Sandman]]''.
* ''King of Shadows'' by Creator/SusanCooper is about a modern boy actor who's sent back in time to play Puck in ''Theatre/AMidsummerNightsDream'' and bonds with Shakespeare. At the end, he realizes that Shakespeare was almost certainly thinking of him when he wrote the part of Ariel in ''The Tempest''.
* "[[http://www.tor.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=story&id=17973 We Haven't Got There Yet]]" by HarryTurtledove is a short story in which Shakespeare attends a performance of ''RosencrantzAndGuildensternAreDead'' [[spoiler:performed by an involuntarily time-traveling acting troupe from 2066.]]
* Turtledove also wrote ''RuledBritannia'', a novel set in an AlternateUniverse where the Spanish Armada conquered England. Ten years later, Shakespeare is writing plays under the Spanish occupiers, but is simultaneously contracted by both them and the English resistance to write plays to either commemorate the dying King Philip or inspire rebellion against him. In the end he chooses the latter, and his play ''Boudicca'' sparks a revolution. Published under the slogan "To be free, or not to be free?"
* Creator/OscarWilde's story "The Portrait of Mr. W. H." is about the young man of the sonnets.
* ''Plots and Players'' by Pamela Melnikoff makes the Lopez scandal a major part of its plot.
* ''The Shakespeare Stealer'', ''Shakespeare's Scribe'', and ''Shakespeare's Spy'', by Gary L. Blackwood, are a trilogy about a boy who is initially hired to transcribe ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'' before it is legally published. The second book revolves around the writing of ''Love's Labour's Won'', which in this version turns out to be a working title for ''AllsWellThatEndsWell''.
* Simon Hawke's ''Shakespeare and Smythe'' mystery series includes ''A Mystery of Errors'', ''The Slaying of the Shrew'', ''Much Ado About Murder'', and ''The Merchant of Vengeance''. They're all about Shakespeare solving mysteries which have a remarkable resemblance to the plots of his plays (and are set before the plays are written).
* ''Literature/ArciaChronicles'' feature an {{Expy}} of Shakespeare, though it's not a very favorable portrayal: more like a TakeThat for his work on ''Theatre/RichardIII'', since Richard III's expy is one of the good guys in the story.
* He appears in one of the ''Science of Discworld'' books: a timeline lacking him retards human progress as they fall victim to TheFairFolk, so the wizards have to ensure his birth - ''A Midsummer Night's Dream'' makes the elves figures of fun in the human imagination and they fade from a position of influence.
* In ''Literature/FoucaultsPendulum'', Shakespeare shows up in Belbo's metafictional writing about the Plan, as part of a complex chain of faked authorship. In an inversion of the standard crackpot theory, he writes the books that in reality were written by Francis Bacon. This means he doesn't have time to write his own plays, so [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Kelley Edward Kelley]] writes them for him.
* Creator/IsaacAsimov wrote a very short story called "The Immortal Bard" about a physicist who uses a time machine to bring Shakespeare to the present. He relates this to an English professor at a faculty mixer, who, it turns out, [[spoiler: had Shakespeare in his class on Shakespeare -- and flunked him.]]
* The ''Literature/ThursdayNext'' novels by Jasper Fforde are set in an alternate England where great literature is as popular and divisive as pop music or football; one of the common con scams the Literary Detectives have to investigate is people with alleged copies of Shakespeare's "lost works" ''Cardenio'' and ''Love's Labour's Won''. There are also "Will-Speak" machines, tacky arcade gadgets with a bust of Shakespeare similar to the fortune-telling ones from our world, and at one point the Goliath Corporation attempts to produce new Shakespeare plays by cloning the man thousands of times over and putting them all at typewriters - a reference to the old idea that a troupe of monkeys on typewriters will eventually produce the complete works of Shakespeare. At the end of ''The Eyre Affair'', it turns out that [[spoiler: ''no-one'' wrote the plays, and they're simply the result of a stable time loop.]]
* Though Shakespeare has been dead for years by the time of ''Literature/SixteenThirtyTwo'', Doctor Abrabanel mentions that the Earl of Oxford was the real playwright, though William Shakespeare certainly existed and may have had a hand in some of the lesser plays.
* In ''TheSecretsOfTheImmortalNicholasFlamel'', Shakespeare appears in the third book.
* ''The Shakespeare Secret'' by J. L. Carrell. My God, The Shakespeare Secret. The ''entire fricking plotline'' is based around Shakespeare!
* ''My Name Is Will'' by Jess Winfeld (of the Reduced Shakespeare Company), in which a young Shakespeare is a character-- and so is Willie Shakespeare Greenburg, a 21st century grad student and shrooms mule trying to prove Shakespeare was a secret Catholic. It... must be read to be believed; it's rather a [[WidgetSeries Weird Shakespeare Nerd Thing]].
* Shakespeare is the main character in ''Nothing Like the Sun'' by Anthony Burgess ([[Literature/AClockworkOrange yes, that Anthony Burgess]]). Set in TheDungAges but with a mostly believable plot, it is centred around the Fair Lord and the Dark Lady (following the theories that she was actually black and that the Fair Lord was the Earl of Southampton). Burgess also wrote ''Dead Man in Deptford'', about Christopher Marlowe.
* The short story "The Undiscovered", by William Sanders, depicts an AlternateHistory where Shakespeare, while drunk and broke, mistakenly stows away on the expedition to locate the Roanoke colonists and is stranded in North America. He writes a version of ''Hamlet'' on birchbark, but when the Cherokee he's living with consider it a comedy, he gives up and lives a quiet rest of his life.
* The final book of The39Clues, ''Into The Gauntlet'' deals with him -- which means he's a Cahill from [[spoiler: Mardigals branch.]]
* In ''Literature/TheNeverendingStory'' by Creator/MichaelEnde, three knights stroll along with Bastian, singing "When That I was and a Little Tiny Boy" (which we know from ''Theatre/TwelfthNight''), which they learned from a previous human visitor to Fantasia/Fantastica, "name of Shexper, or something of the sort."
* The Nick Revill mysteries of Philip Gooden involve a young actor who has some interaction with Shakespeare and other theatre contemporaries, and some of the novel plots mirror Shakespeare's plays.
* In the HorusHeresy novels he is mentioned a couple times as 'Shakespire'. In ''Prospero Burns'' it's revealed that they only believe he wrote three plays.
* ''No Bed For Bacon'', a humorous novel that may have inspired ''ShakespeareInLove'', takes a HistoricalHilarity approach to the period. It makes reference to the authorship controversy by inverting it. Rather than Bacon writing Shakespeare's plays, Shakespeare helps write Bacon's essays in addition to his play-writing work.
* In the LightNovel/FateApocrypha project, Shakespeare is summoned as the Caster Servant of the Red Faction. A master of story writing, Shakespeare's main desire is to witness a grand tale of unparalleled beauty. Since he never was an actual magic-user of any type, he has very little ability in direct combat; however, he can effectively power up his Master, and his skills and Noble Phantasms can be deadly if used properly.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** The episode [[Recap/DoctorWhoS29E2TheShakespeareCode "The Shakespeare Code"]] is centered around the first (and only) performance of ''Love's Labours Won''. Among other references, it has a pub named the Elephant that Shakespeare frequents (''Theatre/TwelfthNight'' has an inn of the same name). It plays Shakespeare as akin to a rock star of the Middle Ages with a genius-level intellect. Martha Jones turns out to be the Dark Lady of the sonnets. They also play with Shakespeare's suspected bisexuality (i.e, he hits on both Martha and the Doctor).
** In the Fourth Doctor story [[Recap/DoctorWhoS17E2CityOfDeath "City of Death"]], the Doctor is shown reading a manuscript of ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'' (which he hand-wrote for Will, who had sprained his wrist writing sonnets) and claiming that he helped compose the famous "To be or not to be" speech. The book ''The Shakespeare Notebook'' contains the full text of this, complete with the Doctor's rather condescending ConstructiveCriticism.
** Shakespeare also appears briefly in First Doctor story [[Recap/DoctorWhoS2E8TheChase "The Chase"]], and the genesis of the ideas for ''Theatre/{{TheMerryWivesOfWindsor}}'' and ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}''
** Shakespeare has also appeared several times in the Franchise/DoctorWhoExpandedUniverse, including the BigFinishDoctorWho audio ''The Kingmaker'' (in which [[spoiler: Richard III writes the plays, while Shakespeare dies at Bosworth Field]]) and the Literature/DoctorWhoMissingAdventures novel ''Empire of Glass'' (which also features Marlowe).
** One ''Literature/EighthDoctorAdventures'' novel has the Doctor mention that he "loved Shakespeare", get embarrassed, and correct that to "loves Shakespeare" (connoting he's just a fan of Shakespeare's work instead), then recite Hamlet's "[[BlatantLies man delights not me]]" speech [[NoSocialSkills as a way of changing the topic]].
** The ''Literature/DoctorWhoNewAdventures'' novel ''Theatre of War'' has a group of archaeologists uncover a theatre whose archive includes several famous lost plays, including ''Love's Labour's Won'' (though we don't get any details, because everybody's more interested in a lost masterpiece from the 23rd century).
** A ''Magazine/DoctorWhoMagazine'' comic strip, "A Groatsworth of Wit" (by Gareth Roberts, who also wrote "The Shakespeare Code") has the Elizabethan playwright Robert Greene (a colleague of Shakespeare, who wrote a pamphlet attacking his plays) travel to the 21st century, where he's horrified to learn that the upstart actor he was so disparaging of is thought of as the greatest playwright of the age, whereas he's just barely remembered as the guy who said ItWillNeverCatchOn.
** ''The Shakespeare Notebooks'' purports to be a recently discovered notebook in which Shakespeare collected ''all'' his encounters with the Doctor. It also contains Doctorised versions of his plays and sonnets (such as an 'early draft' of a scene from ''Theatre/{{Cymbeline}}'' with a [[TheyLookLikeUsNow truly incredible twist about Imogen]]), although whether they are based on 'real' adventures is extremely ambiguous.
** The ''Audio/BigFinishDoctorWho'' drama ''Time of the Daleks'' features a woman who invents a time machine in order to go back and see Shakespeare's plays when they were first performed. She manages to screw up the timeline so that the plays were never written. [[spoiler: The character credited as "Kitchen Boy" is actually a very young William Shakespeare.]] The short story ''Apocrypha Bipedium'' set shortly after [[spoiler: has the young Shakespeare read ''The Complete Works of Shakespeare''.]]
** The book ''Short Trips: Past Tense'' contains a story where the Fourth Doctor and Sarah Jane end up helping Christopher Marlowe fake his own death and become William Shakespeare. The Doctor gives him a copy of ''The Complete Works of Shakespeare'' (which he'd used as a PocketProtector) and [[BootstrapParadox tells him only to read it 'when he gets stuck']].
* In the ''Series/{{Blackadder}}'' TimeTravel special for the Millennium, ''Blackadder Back And Forth'', Edmund beats up Shakespeare in revenge for 400 years of schoolchildren who have to put up with his plays. And for being indirectly responsible for "[[KennethBranagh Ken Branagh's]] endless, uncut, four-hour version of ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}''".
-->'''Shakespeare:''' Who's Ken Branagh?\\
'''Blackadder:''' I'll tell him you said that. And ''I'' think he'll be very hurt.
:: After getting back to 1999, Edmund discovers that this messed up history, making Shakespeare give up writing and be recognized as the inventor of the ballpoint pen (which Edmund left behind by accident), so he has to [[SetRightWhatOnceWentWrong go back and redo his visit]], being much nicer to Will that time around.
* He's brought into the present-day in an episode of ''Series/{{Mentors}}'', where he goes by the alias "Bill Wagstaffe" and tries to write a TV pilot before going back to his own time.
* In the ''Series/TwilightZone'' episode "The Bard", a tv writer uses black magic to conjure Shakespeare to the present to write a tv movie. He does, but becomes so pissed off at ExecutiveMeddling and the demands of the leading actor (Burt Reynolds as an {{Expy}} of MarlonBrando), he storms out.
* In the ''Fantasy Island'' segment "Room and Bard", an aspiring actress wants to give a performance "worthy of Shakespeare himself." She travels back to Elizabethan England and helps Shakespeare out of a jam with her acting ability.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theater]]
* ''A Cry of Players'' by William Gibson[[note]](no, [[NamesTheSame not]] [[{{Neuromancer}} that one]])[[/note]] is about Shakespeare leaving Stratford to become an actor.
* ''Equivocation'' by Bill Cain features Shakespeare as the lead character, and revolves around his attempts to write a play about [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Gunpowder_Plot the Gunpowder Plot]]. Much LampshadeHanging and SeinfeldianConversation ensue. The final speech also implies that several of his plays were actually inspired by stories originally devised by his daughter, Judith.
* ''The School of Night'' by Peter Whelan is primarily about the events leading up to Christopher Marlowe's mysterious death. Shakespeare features primarily as foil to Marlowe in terms of his work being remembered.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''TheSimpsonsGame'', Shakespeare appears [[spoiler:as an angel guarding the gates to FluffyCloudHeaven. [[ViolenceIsTheOnlyOption You have to beat him up to enter]].]]
* Shakespeare appears in one version of "Series/WhereInTimeisCarmenSandiego", when one of VILE agents steals his original scripts. Renee Santz and you help one of his actors fix the Globe's wall.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* In ''Webcomic/TimesLikeThis'', Shakespeare shows up twice: as [[http://www.timeslikethis.com/?id=66 part of an insurance commercial]], and [[http://www.timeslikethis.com/?id=407 inserting a suggestion by Matt into "The Tempest".]]
* Shakespeare in ''IrregularWebcomic'' is an office worker who writes ''Literature/HarryPotter'' SelfInsertFic in his spare time. His office mates include Mercutio, a TedBaxter, and Ophelia, who has a crush on him but doesn't quite get his interests.
* In ''[[http://www.thinkin-lincoln.com/ Thinkin' Lincoln]]'', Shakespeare's skull (as opposed to the floating heads of the rest of the cast) is portrayed as a neurotic loser with self-confidence issues...[[BewareTheNiceOnes until he hulks out]].
* Shakespeare sometimes shows up in ''Webcomic/DinosaurComics'', [[http://www.qwantz.com/index.php?comic=1199 using]] AllLowercaseLetters and YeOldeButcheredeEnglishe.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Video]]
* ''WebVideo/EpicRapBattlesOfHistory'' pits Shakespeare against DrSeuss, where he apparently possesses a SophisticatedAsHell method of rapping, and a MotorMouth:
--> '''Shakespeare''': "Come bite my thumb, I hope you know the stakes! I'll put a [[KineticWeaponsAreJustBetter slug]] between your shoulder blades, then ask "through what light yonder poser breaks?" I hath been iambic on that ass, ye bastard! My rhymes are classic. ''Your'' crap is drafted by a kindergartner [[ThisIsYourPremiseOnDrugs high on acid]]! Ye hoebag, you're an old white Music/SouljaBoy with no swag, and no gonads: egads, it's so sad! And to top it off, you're not a doctor! I've never seen a softer author. You crook, you, [[CrowningMomentOfFunny I bet you wrote the]] {{Literature/Twilight}} [[TakeThat books too]]!"
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In the WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes cartoon "A Witch's Tangled Hare," Bugs Bunny comes across a man resembling Shakespeare who is upset because he isn't a good writer. Bugs Bunny points out, "But you're William Shakespeare," and the man reveals that his name is actually Sam Crubish.
* An animated statue of him makes an appearance in ''WesternAnimation/GnomeoAndJuliet''.
* He appeared many times on ''WesternAnimation/{{Histeria}}''. The show also had a song about him called "As Told By the Bard".
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' episode "Treehouse of Horror III", Shakespeare appears as a zombie, along with George Washington and Albert Einstein. (Homer kills all three, but only Shakespeare gets a line out first.)
* In the ''WesternAnimation/TimeSquad'' episode "Child's Play", Shakespeare is a playwright that is being forced to make kids plays, and worse kids plays that are only for profit and selling toys and are"cute and cuddly" and follow guidelines and feedback from Larry and his sleazy manager/ producer who tell him to take out whatever that could possibly be offensive. Luckily Otto straightens him out by saying that if he just writes what he knows he's supposed to write he'll be fine. And thus the playwright makes plays that are successful and for everyone like he's supposed to.
[[/folder]]
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