[[quoteright:350:[[Film/TheLordOfTheRings http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/SerkisPeople_4854.jpg]]]]

Characters created with computer graphics over a [[MotionCapture motion-captured]] performance.

Named after the actor Creator/AndySerkis, who was transformed by CGI wizardry into the characters of Gollum (from ''Film/TheLordOfTheRings'' and ''Film/TheHobbit'') and Film/KingKong for [[Creator/PeterJackson Peter Jackson's]] films. The trope name is [[JustForPun a spin on the phrase "circus folk"]].

This can land in the UncannyValley if the CGI overlay doesn't quite work, [[TropesAreTools or if it wasn't meant to work]].

See also InkSuitActor, ConspicuousCG and StarringSpecialEffects. Contrast RogerRabbitEffect, where the character is created with traditional animation.

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!!Examples

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[[folder:Anime]]
* The 2004 CGI adaptation of Shirow's ''Manga/{{Appleseed}}'' uses significant motion capture for all the characters.
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[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* Creator/RobertZemeckis has directed three films with all-Serkis Folk casts: ''WesternAnimation/ThePolarExpress'', ''Film/{{Beowulf}}'' (especially Grendel), and ''Film/AChristmasCarol2009''. He also produced the Serkis Folk-starring ''WesternAnimation/MonsterHouse'' and ''Film/MarsNeedsMoms''. At least two of these films feature examples where actors are Serkused to the point where they're unrecognizable. The lead character in Beowulf, depicted as a muscular superhero, was played by a 50-something character actor; in Polar Express, Tom Hanks played several characters, one of which was a young boy. Beowulf also provides a case of Serkusing and InkSuitActor: AngelinaJolie was pregnant when she shot the film, but was able to appear in a nude scene thanks to being (otherwise photo-accurately) Serkused. The same can also (shudder) be said of Anthony Hopkins in the same film.
* The ''Film/{{Tintin}}'' movies are full of this, directed by Creator/StevenSpielberg and Creator/PeterJackson. And Andy Serkis even plays Captain Haddock, making it a literal example.
* The penguins from ''WesternAnimation/HappyFeet'', obviously. Mumbles' dance moves were provided by Savion Glover, the lead dancer/choreographer for Broadway's ''Bring In Da Noise, Bring In Da Funk".
* ''Anime/FinalFantasyTheSpiritsWithin'': Everyone. There are even cases of [[ActingForTwo mo-capping for two]].
* ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory3'' had some motion capture for the final scene where Buzz and Jessie dance together.
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[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* AndySerkis is the TropeNamer, while providing the page image with his portrayal of Gollum in ''Film/TheLordOfTheRings''. The team was aware of the UncannyValley effect, and used it to their advantage: the character was ''supposed'' to look dead-eyed and soulless.
** In addition to Gollum, Andy Serkis portrayed Film/KingKong in 2005 remake (as well as the live-action character Lumpy), and an intelligent chimp named Caesar in ''Film/RiseOfThePlanetOfTheApes'' and ''Film/DawnOfThePlanetOfTheApes'' (which also feature motion capture gorillas, orangutans and bonobos in addition to chimpanzees).
* Creator/BenedictCumberbatch is to voice as well as provide motion capture for the dragon Smaug in Creator/PeterJackson's ''Film/TheHobbit''. Andy also returns as Gollum in the first film.
* ''Franchise/StarWars'' features a number of examples:
** Jar Jar Binks in ''Film/ThePhantomMenace'' was the first entirely CGI major character to be blended with live-action actors. Actor Ahmed Best acted on set wearing a Jar Jar hat for the benefit of the other actors, and was superimposed over by the CGI. The actor also wore a perfect replica of Jar Jar's clothes, which, weirdly, were also replaced by C.G.I. This is because they were originally planning on just replacing the actor's head with CGI, and not the rest of the body. This was later changed as it was easier to just make the whole character from scratch, rather than stick a CGI head on existing footage. There are a few shots where Jar Jar's face isn't visible so it was cheaper to go with the live-action Best. After learning that it was easier to create Jar Jar entirely in CGI, George Lucas grumpily said, "So I just spent $10,000 on a costume that I don't need."
** Most of the non-Human Aliens in the prequels, as well as most of the droids and the clone warriors while in uniform.
** [[http://www.scifinow.co.uk/news/star-wars-7-exclusive-andy-serkis-talks-script-jj-abrams-more/ Andy Serkis himself is slated to play a character that utilizes the motion-capture process in]] ''Film/StarWars7''.
* Davy Jones (played by a CG Bill Nighy) and the crew of the Flying Dutchman in ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbeanDeadMansChest'' and ''At World's End'', in their "monster" forms, with the exception of Bill Turner (Stellan Skarsgård, who was the only one who actually had to wear makeup and prosthetics instead of motion-capture gear). Also, Barbossa and his crew in their moonlit undead forms in ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean: Curse of the Black Pearl.''
* Film/ScoobyDoo and Scrappy-Doo from the 2002 live-action movie.
* The eponymous character of ''Film/KangarooJack''.
* ''Film/MirrorMask'' featured a number of completely CGI characters.
* Doctor Manhattan in the [[Film/{{Watchmen}} film adaptation]] of ''ComicBook/{{Watchmen}}''. A combination of the actor's face, and a bodybuilder's physique.
* For probably the first time in his career, Doug Jones did this in ''Film/FantasticFour: Rise of the Silver Surfer''.[[note]]It might not be the last, either - Doug's currently starring as [[TheSlenderManMythos the]] [[MarbleHornets Operator]] in a bigtime movie.[[/note]]
* Sonny and the rest of the ''Film/IRobot'' robots, with movements provided by the guy from ''Film/StrictlyBallroom''.
* The Na'vi (real and Avatars) from Creator/JamesCameron's ''Film/{{Avatar}}''.
* At least a few of the ConspicuousCGI characters in ''Film/{{Immortal}}''.
* A couple of monsters in ''[[Film/StarTrek Star Trek 2009.]]''
* Some of the ghosts in the ''Film/{{Ghostbusters}}'' series are animated this way.
* All of the alien "prawns" in ''Film/{{District 9}}''.
* The Comicbook/IncredibleHulk in [[Film/{{Hulk}} both]] [[Film/TheIncredibleHulk movies]] (in the first one, director Ang Lee himself provided the motion capture), and also in ''Film/TheAvengers'', with motion capture provided by Banner's actor Mark Ruffalo. Serkis actually worked with Ruffalo on his performance in the sequel ''Film/TheAvengersAgeOfUltron''.
* Dobby and Kreacher from ''Film/HarryPotter'' (in the seventh film, they even decided to put stand-ins in the set instead of having actors acting with the empty).
* The third and fourth ''Franchise/{{Terminator}}'' movies have skeletonized robots done as this.
* To avoid the problems with Two-Face's scarring in ''Film/BatmanForever'', the scarring received this treatment in ''Film/TheDarkKnight''.
* Many of the Martians in ''Film/JohnCarter'' (such as the ones played by Willem Dafoe and Samantha Morton) are this.
* For certain pivotal scenes in ''Film/{{Godzilla 2014}}'', Creator/GarethEdwards had Andy Serkis himself hired to control the motions of Franchise/{{Godzilla}}.
* As opposed to the [[Film/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles original films']] usage of animatronics, ''Film/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles2014'' uses MotionCapture for the turtles, as well as Splinter and the Shredder's PoweredArmor. The turtle’s Mocap suits had the addition of what looked like couch cushions stuck to the back, though.
* In Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy, Vin Diesel performed all the motion capture for his character Groot (whom he also voiced) used in the final version of the film. Another actor was used as a "stopgap" before he was cast, but none of his footage was ultimately used.
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[[folder: Live-Action TV]]
* The [=BioDreads=] in ''Series/CaptainPowerAndTheSoldiersOfTheFuture'' was one of the first examples of this in a television series.
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[[folder: Music]]
* This was used in MichaelJackson's "[[Film/MichaelJacksonsGhosts Ghosts]]", when Maestro appears as a living skeleton.
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[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/BinaryDomain''.
* The first few ''Franchise/MortalKombat'' games used this trope.
* ''VideoGame/EnslavedOdysseyToTheWest'': Made use of the TropeNamer, of all people, to animate [[TheHero Monkey]] in the game's {{Cut Scene}}s. And Mose from NedsDeclassified plays Trip.
* Several ''VideoGame/{{Tony Hawks|ProSkater}}'' games have made use of motion-capture.
* ''VideoGame/EnterTheMatrix'' was at the time the most expensive game ever made, due to the heavy use of motion-capture and using live-action footage shot specifically for the game.
* ''VideoGame/GuitarHero''.
* Done with ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil5'' and ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil6''.
* The ''VideoGame/RainbowSix Vegas'' games.
* Justified with ''VideoGame/SplinterCell: Blacklist'' since Michael Ironside was old that he can't handle doing mo-cop sequences.
* For the ''Franchise/MetalGear'' series, it began with [=MGS=] 3 to 4, with recent mo-cop sequences used in Revengence and Phantom Pain.
* It is not uncommon to note in videogame credits that voice actors are often also credited with motion capture, too. Examples include GrandTheftAutoIV and SaintsRowTheThird, though it doesn't always mean that the voice actor is mocapping his or her actual character.
* ''VideoGame/HaloReach'' and ''VideoGame/{{Halo 4}}''.
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[[folder:Web Animation]]
* ''Machinima/RedVsBlue'': Season 8 saw Rooster Teeth beginning to use CGI and motion capture along with their usual machinima, courtesy of Monty Oum, the guy who made ''WebAnimation/{{Haloid}}'' and ''WebAnimation/DeadFantasy''.
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[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''Series/CaptainScarletAndTheMysterons'' is an example of puppetry getting successfully updated into SerkisFolk with ''WesternAnimation/GerryAndersonsNewCaptainScarlet''. As an added homage to the original animation, dubbed Supermarionation in the original, the CGI used in the new series was called Hypermarionation.
* [[Creator/RalphBakshi Ralph Bakshi]] used motion-capped and rotoscoped orcs in ''[[WesternAnimation/TheLordOfTheRings The Lord of the Rings]]'' for a creepier contrast with the 'homely' traditionally animated hobbits and humans.
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