->'''Homer:''' Sanctuary! Sanctuary!\\
'''Lovejoy:''' Oh, why did I teach him that word?
-->-- ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', "Missionary Impossible"

Scenario: You're TheHero, and you're being pursued by something -- something evil, dark, sinister, bloodthirsty, and demonic. Maybe it's TheHeartless, or the EnemyWithout or your SuperpoweredEvilSide that wants to return to you. Maybe it's your universe's parallel of {{Satan}}, or at least something working for him. If you're lucky, the villagers just decided to break out the TorchesAndPitchforks.

Where do you run? [[PlaceOfProtection The sanctuary]] of the nearest SaintlyChurch or HolyGround.

Why? Because it's symbolic of a safe haven from demonic forces, [[HolyBurnsEvil who can't set foot on holy ground]]. The tradition originated from the idea that spilling blood in God's house was a great evil, so it's still a good place to hide from a suitably God-fearing human enemy. In some times and places there were laws against making arrests if a suspect is in a church and the Geneva Convention forbids attacking a place of worship.

The probability of success depends on where the story is on the SlidingScaleOfIdealismVsCynicism. On one end, not only will the church be safe but the local GoodShepherd will provide the hero with cookies and milk. At the other end, there will be a SinisterMinister that is working with what ever was chasing the hero.

When a character seeking sanctuary in a different sort of way, wanting to be alone to talk to God, that's SanctuaryOfSolitude. See also PlaceOfProtection.


[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''Anime/YuGiOh'': Bakura goes into a church while running from his SuperpoweredEvilSide. Unfortunately, [[EnemyWithin it's already inside him]].
* Happens several times in ''Manga/{{Berserk}}'' with innocents running to the nearest church to escape whatever demons happen to be roaming around. [[CrapsackWorld Unsurprisingly]] this fails more often than not. The Holy See isn't going to do much to protect from demons [[PathOfInspiration when their gods are actually those demons' bosses]]. The only real time it worked was in Enoch village during the troll invasion, where at first the trolls managed to easily get into the church, but were chased off by the little witch Schierke's magical barrier.
* In ''Anime/DennouCoil'', the Satchii (anti-virus programs; the city is an augmented reality) can't follow people into Shinto shrines. You can also trick them by drawing the basic shape of a shrine gate on the ground with chalk, then standing on it. This sanctuary doesn't come from any higher morality, but just [[ObstructiveBureaucrat bureaucratic infighting]] - Satchii are run by the Ministry of Posts, but schools are run by the Ministry of Education while shrines and parks fall under the purview of the Ministry of Culture[[note]] In the government, the Ministry of Posts was absorbed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in 2001, while the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Culture are the same[[/note]]. They're just keyed to recognize torii as shrine indicators, to the point where a solitary torii from a demolished shrine or a sketch of a torii can apparently suffice to trick them, and since Daikoku is an old town, there are a lot of old shrines nestled among the back streets.
* ''Manga/BlackLagoon'': Greenback Jane tries this when she runs afoul of some of Roanapur's criminal elements. Unfortunately, the only church found in the WretchedHive is the CorruptChurch, and things rapidly go downhill for her.
* This ironically happens in ''Manga/{{Claymore}}'', where the main protagonists take refuge in a holy city that actively shunned them only seven years ago.


[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* Played with in the Graphic Novel ''Hikateia'', starring Wonder Woman. A young woman appears at the door of the Themiscyran embassy (WW's home), and uses the eponymous ritual to demand sanctuary and protection from the thing that chased her all the way from Gotham... Batman.
* Zigzagged one in ''ComicBook/{{Hellblazer}}''. John Constantine traps a group of demons ''inside'' an old church by having his accomplices pour holy water around the outside after the demons have entered to get at him. Then comes in the Aztec Death God that he had made a deal with earlier, who can walk past the holy water barrier that the demons cannot cross.
* Subverted in ComicBook/TheFabulousFurryFreakBrothers "A Mexican Oddysey" storyline. Fat Freddy, on the run from the police, spies a Catholic church and runs for it, saying to himself that it has been a tradition for centuries for the Catholic church to provide sanctuary for the hapless fugitive. He runs in the church, asks the priest for sanctuary...and the priest ''immediately'' runs outside and yells for the cops.


[[folder: Films -- Animated]]

* Creator/{{Disney}}'s ''Disney/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame'':
** In the opening, zealot [[TheFundamentalist Judge Frollo]] pursues a gypsy woman and kills her on the steps on the great cathedral, where she had been pleading for sanctuary. The archdeacon orders him to raise the woman's infant, the deformed Quasimodo, in penance.
** Later on, Esmeralda seeks sanctuary to escape the guards - Frollo orders them to drag her out anyway, but is again confronted by the Archdeacon. He decides to simply bide his time, knowing that she will have to leave eventually - "Gypsies don't do well inside stone walls".


[[folder: Films -- Live-Action ]]

* ''Film/SpiderMan3'': After realizing [[ThisIsYourBrainOnEvil things have gotten out of control]], Peter goes to a church tower where he tries to free himself from [[TheDarkSide the black symbiote]]. He later learns the ringing bells generate the loud noises that are the symbiote's weakness, freeing him. This is more or less how it happened in the comics.
* The film ''Film/SometimesTheyComeBack'' has the hero and his family hide from demonically resurrected hooligans in a church. When one of the punks tries to enter the church to attack them, his limbs begin to catch fire as they pass the threshold.
* One of the Rules of ''Franchise/{{Highlander}}'': no Immortal can fight on Holy Ground. ''Any'' holy ground of any religion seems to work, but churches and graveyards are the most common. Whether it's an honor system or a binding law seems to vary by show/movie. In one TV Movie, an attempt to fight in a Buddhist Temple causes [[DramaticThunder omnious thunder]] and [[WreckedWeapon the swords to break]], while in ''Film/HighlanderEndgame'', a group of [[HeroicBSOD Immortals tired of the fight]] are slaughtered on presumably (it's the subject of much debate) Holy ground.
* In Creator/TimBurton's ''Film/SleepyHollow'' movie, the town residents are gathered in a church for a meeting when the Headless Horseman shows up outside. The Horseman's body and weapons dissolve upon contact with consecrated ground, and it would seem that his plan to kill the heroine's father is thwarted. So the Horseman ties a rope to a stake and launches it through a window [[ImpaledWithExtremePrejudice impaling Baltus Van Tassel]]. The Horseman then pulls on the rope, yanking Baltus out of the window, then he pulls on him until the father gets stuck in the fence. (Unfortunately for the father, his head is now sticking beyond the border of the consecrated ground...)
* The cultists in the ''Film/SilentHill'' movie did this to escape the monsters and darkness that [[spoiler: Alessa and the demon]] inflicted upon the town once nighttime rolled around.
* ''Film/LesVisiteurs'': Godefroy, a temporally-displaced medieval knight, charges into a modern-day church on a horse bellowing "Sanctuary!" It takes a full squad of riot cops to get him out.
* The eponymous (and likely [[spoiler:demon-posseed]]) vehicle in the horror film ''Film/TheCar'' is unable to follow some of its would-be victims into a cemetery.
* In ''Film/TheSixthSense'', Malcolm follows Cole to a church. He explains the concept of sanctuary to the boy as a way of breaking the ice.


[[folder: Folklore, Mythology, and Religion ]]

* One version of the [[Myth/KingArthur Arthurian legends]] has Mordred's sons murdered by their rival at a church altar after they take sanctuary. This is basically the worst thing he could possibly have done by the standards of the time.
* In Myth/ClassicalMythology, this was a recurrant theme. Characters pursued by somebody trying to rape or kill them could rush to the nearest temple and prostrate themselves as a supplicant before the image of the god. Violence of any kind (with the sole exception of ritual animal sacrifice) was strictly forbidden on temple grounds, so any gods-fearing pursuer would have to stop off their attack. In myths where an attacker kills somebody at the altar anyway, they usually suffer the vengeance of the god whose sanctuary they violated.
** In one version of Myth/JasonAndTheArgonauts, Jason's mother tried to escape being raped by fleeing into the temple of Hera. She prayed three times before she was caught and raped in the temple, as a result, Hera helped Jason three times in his quest.
** One origin story of Medusa had her raped by Poseidon inside a temple of Athena... at which point Athena [[DoubleStandardRapeDivineOnMortal punished her priestess for violating her vow of chastity]] by turning her into a monster.
* In TheBible, fugitives would flee to the temple in Jerusalem ("take hold of the horn of the altar"), where they would be granted temporary asylum from pursuers. However, the important word here is "temporary", as a judgement of the king nullifies the protection of the temple. And as Joab found out to his detriment, Solomon is not shy about killing people in the Tabernacle.


[[folder: Literature ]]

* Defiance: ''The Zombie Survival Guide'' explicitly warns the reader ''not'' to go to a church when zombies attack. The reason? Everyone else who goes there will likely pray loudly for protection, and the sound of their prayers will draw the zombies straight to them.
* ''Literature/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame''. The original book and most adaptations, including [[Disney/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame Disney's]].
* OlderThanFeudalism: In ''Literature/TheBible'', one of Solomon's brothers runs to grab "the horns of the altar" after a coup. The reason for this was the fact that the horns of the altar (bronze horns) were held by the person making a sacrifice so that they could be forgiven. Since they were sacred, the belief was pretty accurate, as long as Solomon respected the altar of God. Fortunately for the brother, he did.
* ''Literature/{{Shannara}}'': One of the signs that things are going to crap is that Feeders are running amok in a church.
* Deconstructed in the novel version of ''Literature/IAmLegend'', which [[DoingInTheWizard provided scientific reasons]] for classic vampire weaknesses and behaviors.
* In ''The Sanctuary Sparrow'', a Literature/BrotherCadfael mystery by Creator/EllisPeters, a young man accused of murder flees an angry mob and takes sanctuary in Cadfael's monastery. This means Cadfael only has a limited amount of time to solve the murder, before the law -- or the mob -- can get at the accused.
* This trope is invoked in Creator/SandyMitchell's ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' Literature/CiaphasCain novel ''Duty Calls''. Cain, THE HERO OF THE IMPERIUM, persuades the Sisters of Battle to [[LeeroyJenkins stop blindly advancing]] by pointing that they would leave a gap in the battle line once they were slaughtered. The tyranids would pour in, charge straight to the temple, and slaughter all the refugees praying there for the Emperor's protection -- and if they wanted to report before the Golden Throne having permitted that, he wouldn't stop them. Not only do they retreat, one later thanks him for reminding them of their duty.
* In one of the ''{{Literature/Deverry}}'' novels, the wife and daughters of the slain lord of the Wolf clan seek sanctuary from their enemies in the Boar clan at a temple. The Boars respect the sanctuary of the temple, but leave a squad of men behind just outside of the temple's lands, ensuring that the women cannot leave without being captured.
* The narrator of ''Literature/DemonAMemoir'' is being stalked by the eponymous demon and tries to arrange one of their “appointments” in a church, hoping the demon will be unable to follow him inside. It’s downplayed as the demon has no problem following him inside the church, but complains that [[GoodHurtsEvil the saints’ prayers give it a headache]].
* Creator/AndreNorton:
** In ''Literature/TheZeroStone'', Jern flees the HumanSacrifice and his mentor's murderers to a location protected by a godling. It's a classic sanctuary: anyone, regardless of crime, may find shelter there.
** In ''Literature/ThePrinceCommands'', Michael finds the enemy in the cathedral. They murder the bishop, and he refuses to honor their claim of sanctuary on that ground.
%% * ''Literature/TheHouseOfNight'': When Zoey and the gang need help and a stay, the Benedictine Nuns come to the rescue.
* In ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'' [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Mary_of_the_Angels_%28Chicago%29 St. Mary of the Angels]] in Chicago is a recurring place. The holy ground and strong doors keep out several non-human evil monsters that try to enter. Many times Harry either leads people there or tells them to go there and speak with Father Forthill using him as a reference to get aid and rest.
* ''Literature/TheCrownerJohnMysteries'': Being set in the Middle Ages in the cathedral town of Exeter, the series contains multiple examples of people attempting to use the actual law and seek sanctuary from their crimes in the church. The first novel even takes it title from the tradition: ''The Sanctuary Seeker''.


[[folder: Live-Action TV ]]

* Played very straight - to surprisingly good effect - in an episode of the New World ''Series/{{Zorro}}'' series. While they're driving into town together, Don Diego's mentor is shot by government officials convinced he's a traitor. The only way for Diego to get him treatment is to duck into the nearby pueblo church and claim sanctuary...then try to figure out how he's going to either a] transform to Zorro without giving the secret away or b] get out of this as his meek alter ego.
* On ''Series/{{Highlander}}'', the one undisputed rule among Immortals is that they ''cannot'' harm one another on Holy Ground. It doesn't matter what religion it is, any church, temple, cemetery or other site recognized as a holy place counts. Thus, if an Immortal is being chased by an opponent, they can duck onto such a place and seek some safety for a while.
** In one episode, an Immortal has her husband murdered by an obsessive former love. With the police suspecting her, she goes to Immortal priest Darius at his Paris church to hide. While a detective suspects she's there, he's bound by the law to not be able to just go in and drag her out.
** An Immortal Nazi is hunting a priest who (as a young boy) caused him to be killed in World War II and spend decades chained under a river. Duncan's girlfriend Anne is with the priest when the Immortal shows up, assuring him he can't do anything while they're in the church. But the priest is so terrified that he ends up running out of the church grounds, giving the Immortal the excuse to attack him. It also gives Duncan the excuse to take the guy's head.
** Why is this rule so sacred? Because according to legend the one time two Immortals fought on Holy Ground was in a temple in Southern Italy. In Pompeii. In August of 79 AD.
* ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer''.
** In "Who Are You?" the reverse occurs, when a group of vampires decide to prove that they have enough courage to invade a church on a Sunday morning. This involves the symbolism of the church as a sanctuary--the vampires used to believe in such an idea, but their attitude toward it changes to mockery once they are inside the church. Possibly there are other kinds of religious symbolism, but an attempt to figure out what they are will, quite disappointingly, end in WhatDoYouMeanItsNotSymbolic.
** In "Shadow", Glory sends her cobra-demon to seek out the Key in all the holy places in Sunnydale, naturally assuming the monks will have placed it there. As it turns out, they have a more practical form of protection in mind, by turning the Key into Buffy's little sister.
* ''Series/AmericanGothic1995'' plays around with this trope in the episode "Inhumanitas,". Caleb believes he will be safe from Buck's evil influence by taking shelter in the church, but the sheriff not only has no issues whatsoever stepping into the sanctuary and relentlessly pursuing his attempts to corrupt the boy, but he is even able to [[spoiler:exert DemonicPossession on him]], proving [[GoodIsImpotent how little the forces of holiness can touch him]]...until Merlyn [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome lays a delicious smackdown on him]]. The fact that the parish priest had [[DealWithTheDevil sold his soul]] and was attempting to break free of the deal may have had something to do with why Buck was first untouchable, then vulnerable.
* Done completely straight in ''Series/TerminatorTheSarahConnorChronicles''.
* ''Series/{{Supernatural}}''
** Downplayed in "Salvation", where Meg makes it clear that only minor demons are forbidden from holy ground.
** Invoked in "I Know What You Did Last Summer". [[spoiler:Anna may not have been safe in the church, but at least it had a bleeding Virgin Mary early warning system]].
-->Sam: "If you were religious, scared, and had demons on your tail, where would you go to feel safe?"
* ''Series/TheXFiles'': Scully and a bunch of kids hide from someone inside a church; the chaser is revealed to be Satan after it turns out that he can't cross the threshold.
* In the ''Series/KolchakTheNightStalker'' episode "Firefall", Kolchak takes refuge from a pyromaniac poltergeist in a church (due to its being on holy ground). He later sees the ghost looking into the church through a window.
* On an episode of ''Series/{{Mash}}'', an AWOL soldier takes refuge in the mess tent while Father Mulcahy is using it for a church service. Mulcahy states that he will not allow the soldier to be arrested on holy ground, and many calls are made to find out if a mess tent qualifies as a place of sanctuary. The answer comes back no, and the [=MPs=] are sent in to get the soldier, who wards them off at gunpoint. Incensed, Father Mulcahy upbraids him for defiling what he considered a house of the Lord just moments earlier by pointing a deadly weapon at someone. After Mulcahy disarms him despite being at point-blank range, the soldier feels bad and surrenders. The Army later compromised by arranging Dr. Freedman to give him psychiatric help instead of just throwing him in the stockade.
* {{Defied|Trope}} in ''Series/ThePillarsOfTheEarth'', when the corrupt bishop denies The GoodShepherd sanctuary as the newly-built church hasn't yet been consecrated, and [[LoopholeAbuse thus doesn't count as "holy ground"]]. He's later HoistByHisOwnPetard when the town turns on him and he attempts to seek sanctuary himself in the same church.
* ''Series/TheNewAvengers'': In TheTeaser to "The Eagle's Nest", a PursuedProtagonist flees from his attackers into a monastery. He disturbs the monks at their devotions, demanding sanctuary. This ends badly for him, as the monks are actually [[BadHabits Nazis in disguise]].
* ''Series/Lucifer2016''. PlayedForLaughs when Lucifer offers a priest a PlaceOfProtection. Cut to several nuns descending a staircase in what appears to be a candle-lit crypt...until they throw off their veils to reveal themselves as strippers in [[DenOfIniquity Lucifer's nightclub]]. Fortunately the priest is [[TheGoodShepherd entirely unruffled]] by Lucifer's attempts to expose him to temptation. Lucifer, incidentally, can walk into a church no problem (he is an angel, after all).
* In one episode of ''Series/{{Cadfael}}'', a minstrel named Liliwen flees an entire pack of wedding guests who think he's murdered the family patriarch. They all burst into the abbey in the middle of the monks singing vespers and he just manages to grab the altar cloth before the mob seizes him. The Abbot, after ShamingTheMob, grants the boy his forty days of safety inside abbey walls while Brother Cadfael starts his usual investigations. Liliwen complicates things for himself when he ''leaves'', cloaked, to escort his sweetheart home after dark, and a murder happens to take place during that time.


[[folder: Music ]]

* In the Music/SteeleyeSpan song "John of Ditchford", the title character claims sanctuary at Wooten Church after killing Henry Felip. The church coroner tells him he must accept exile, and so he takes a heavy cross (indicating he's still under sanctuary) and heads for the coast. He gets a mile before being killed, presumably by Henry's son, who's already killed the other members of the gang.
* Music/IronMaiden's "Sanctuary": He's wants "sanctuary from the law" after killing a woman, but since he also wants "love me tonight", it's not in a church.


[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* In the tabletop system ''Das Schwarze Auge'' (''TabletopGame/TheDarkEye'') every Temple consecrated to the Twelve Gods (which may more or less just be a bush in the case of the God of Hunting) provides protection against demons.


[[folder: Theatre ]]

* Subverted in Shakespeare's ''Theatre/RichardIII'' (as in RealLife) when Richard, Duke of York, taken to sanctuary by his mother, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Woodville Queen Elizabeth]] (no, not [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_I that one]]), is hauled out of sanctuary on the arguments of the Duke of Buckingham and subsequently murdered in the Tower.


[[folder: Video Games ]]

* Zigzagged in ''Franchise/SilentHill''. The Balkan church in [[VideoGame/SilentHill1 the first game]] is a straight example of this trope. It is free of monsters as is the journey to it. Other churches are not safe places - in fact the last battle of ''VideoGame/SilentHill3'' takes place in one.
* Churches in ''VideoGame/TheFlameInTheFlood'' always make great shelters from the rain, and often have rags and alcohol (for making bandages and other items).


[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* ''Webcomic/ThePhoenixRequiem'': The people think that they are safe from the shades in the church, but it is heavily implied that they are wrong. On the other hand, they can't enter [[spoiler: [[BedlamHouse Hyde Asylum]]]].
* Selinda's Haven in ''Webcomic/AtArmsLength'' is a shelter on Earth for all (reasonably decent) beings, including magical or alien beings seeking asylum from evil regimes or [[BloodKnight Blood Knights]] that are seeking them, and mortal victims of magic, usually of the Baleful Polymorph variety.
* In ''Webcomic/GirlGenius'' a traveler getting on a Corbettite train that gives the monks an honest explanation of who they are, where they're going, and why, is entitled to sanctuary and safe passage until the train gets to their stop.


[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans'': Raven and a badly injured Robin hide from Slade, now Trigon's messenger, in a Church. Slade follows them in, Robin is finally knocked out, and Raven runs for it.
* Played for laughs in ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', in which Homer is being chased by members of PBS who are out for blood. He eventually makes his way to the church and runs in screaming "Sanctuary! Sanctuary!" An irritated Reverend Lovejoy questions why he bothered to even teach him the word.


[[folder: Real Life ]]

* Historically, most western governments have respected Church's right to offer sanctuary. This was not true in Aparthied South Africa, however. During the student protest movement, a rally at a university turned ugly, and the riot police chased the students into a church. The students figured the police would respect the church, but they just barricaded the door and tossed in a tear gas grenade, forcing those inside to jump out the windows.
** Incidentally, the historical rule (at least in England) was that a person could claim sanctuary in a church under specific circumstances, and could stay there for up to forty days, after which they either had to give themselves up to the authorities or be sent into exile. But hey, better than getting killed by an [[TorchesAndPitchforks angry mob]].
* In Ancient Hebrew law cities of refuge were scattered across Israel where people guilty of accidental manslaughter could go and be safe from the Avenger of Blood (presumably meaning the representative of the aggrieved family). Someone could move to a city of refuge where they would live until the High Priest died, after which he could leave and not be killed. However if the person was found to have purposely murdered the person they would be handed over to the avenger for punishment.
* In ancient Sparta, Spartans slaughtered helots who had taken refuge in a shrine of Poseidon. Then an earthquake struck. The Spartans concluded they were being punished.
* For 600 years, there was a network of 5 very powerful Buddhist nunneries called Amagozan in Kamakura, Japan that served as womens' shelters. In an era where divorce was easily obtained by men but nearly impossible for women to obtain, a wife could seek physical and legal sanctuary from an abusive spouse in Amagozan and could obtain a fully legal divorce by remaining there as a lay sister for three years. The nunneries only lost their power to issue divorce decrees in the late 19th century when Meiji reforms created a modern family court system.
* [[DefiedTrope Defied]] by the Vikings. As pagans, they didn't see any significance in churches, so they didn't feel they had any reason ''not'' to attack churches. One of the reasons the Europeans were so scared of them is because this trope ''didn't work'' on them.
** In fact, churches and temples were a good source of loot that the Norse raiders could later sell, so they were often targeted more.
* It wasn't uncommon for this to be [[DefiedTrope defied]] in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, often by the Nazis. Forget hauling criminals out of churches, they would trap people inside and ''burn the building down''!