->''"[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3qDbTYIEZaQ Sega Sataan, shiro!]]"[[labelnote:Translation]]"(You must) Play Sega Saturn!"[[/labelnote]]''
-->-- '''Advertising/SegataSanshiro'''

%% One quote is sufficient. Please place additional entries on the quotes tab.

The Saturn, Creator/{{Sega}}'s entry into the FifthGeneration, had been originally been intended to be a 2D multimedia gaming device. Unfortunately, so many things went wrong.

Developers had just gotten excited about {{polygonal graphics}}, and Sega realized their next system should have that. The irony is that it was their own ''VideoGame/VirtuaFighter'' that got developers excited. The problem was, the original Saturn design had 3D capabilities that were barely any better than those of the [[OtherSegaSystems 32X]], and the rumoured capabilities up the then-upcoming Sony PlayStation and {{Nintendo 64}} would have left the Saturn eating dirt.

Instead of redesigning the system to make it powerful enough to handle 3D, Sega just slapped on a duplicate CPU and a duplicate [[UsefulNotes/GraphicsProcessingUnit graphics card]]. This is [[HilariousInHindsight retroactively ironic]], because [=CPUs=] with [[MultiCoreProcessor multiple cores]] are the norm in video game consoles and [=PCs=] today, but having ''entirely separate'' units just upped the cost and the complexity of the system. The complex hardware setup prevented most game programmers from exploiting its full processing power, though multiple [=CPUs=] were nothing new to veteran {{arcade game}} developers like Sega, who also adapted the Saturn hardware into their Titan Video (ST-V) arcade board.

While not ironic, the system was also suffering from a legacy of mismanagement from Sega, [[PoorCommunicationKills particularly a lack of communication between Sega of Japan and Sega of America]]. Sega of Japan launched the Saturn without telling Sega of America, so Sega of America created the 32X and got everyone on the bandwagon of that, took their money, and then they were told that the Sega Saturn was being released. The 32X was soon abandoned, which pissed Sega's customers off. Now, the 32X customers didn't trust Sega, which led to all the 32X customers not buying the Saturn.

One really weird mismanagement was Creator/SonicTeam hearing that the team developing the ''Sonic [[{{XtremeKoolLetterz}} X-treme]]'' was using the engine Sonic Team made for ''VideoGame/NightsIntoDreams''. Sonic Team complained, and the ''Sonic X-treme'' developers had to make their own engine, but that wasn't enough and the game was scrapped. First of all, the creators of Sonic didn't want a developer using their own engine to make a ''Sonic'' game. That's ironic. It's also retroactively ironic because these days a developer would have to be crazy to stop a game from using a pre-existing engine.

Another odd bit of mismanagement was hiring Bernie Stolar, fresh from being fired by Sony Computer Entertainment America for his draconian and inconsistent policies, directly into the position of CEO for Sega of America. He then proceeded to start up a "five star game" policy (which basically just allowed him to veto whatever he damn well wanted) and basically took the ax to the Saturn. His policies drove away almost all of the American third party developers, [[NoExportForYou blocked a metric ton of high quality games from being released stateside]] due to his thinly veiled "no 2D" attitude (again ironic, considering that most of the 2D games were [[PolygonCeiling miles above the system's 3D games in terms of presentation and general quality]]), and downplayed the Saturn as being dead in the water, giving the finger to the relatively small but still sizable fanbase. Once again, this was ironic as in the previous console generation, Sega was considered very friendly, supportive, and open with third-party developers, at least in comparison with its main competitor Nintendo.

From all that, Sega lost about $270 million on the Saturn, and the system sold just 11 million worldwide. It did do well in Japan, mostly thanks to the great advertising campaign involving Advertising/SegataSanshiro, [[MundaneMadeAwesome a judo master who beat the living crap of everyone who doesn't play Sega Saturn]], and has a considerable library there (in Japan, the Saturn was the favorite console of its generation for {{bishoujo}} games, in part because Sega was more permissive than Sony or Nintendo about releasing 18-rated games with nudity). Too bad Sega [[NoExportForYou doesn't see the point of localizing them]], and porting them to current systems. They would find a great home on the {{DS}}, {{PlayStation Network}}, XboxLiveArcade, and VirtualConsole. And the [=PC=], for that matter.

On the other hand, the relative lack of ports[=/=]remakes for Saturn games has made it a must-own CultClassic system for hardcore retrogamers, [[VindicatedByHistory especially now that they can easily look up the good games on the Internet.]] [[CrackIsCheaper Too bad said games usually don't come cheap.]]



[[folder: Processors ]]

* Two Hitachi SH-2 32 Bit [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RISC RISC]] [=CPUs=] at 28.63 [=MHz=] each.
* Hitachi SH-1 32 bit [=RISC=] processor (controlling the CD-ROM)
* Two 32 bit video display processors running at 7.1590 [=MHz=] on NTSC Systems, 6.7116 [=MHz=] for PAL Systems).
* Custom Saturn Control Unit (SCU) with [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_signal_processor DSP]] for geometry processing and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_memory_access DMA]] controller running at 14.3 [=MHz=].
* Motorola 68EC000 Sound controller running at 11.3 [=MHz=].
* Sound processor, "Sega Custom Sound Processor" (SCSP), running at 22.6 [=MHz=].
* Hitachi 4-bit MCU, "System Manager & Peripheral Control" (SMPC). Likely used for handling input devices like the controller ports and the expansion slot.

As can be seen, the system was really processor-heavy. Not a good thing in that day, when developers were just starting to grasp 3D graphics.


[[folder: Memory ]]

* Each [=CPU=] has 4 KB of [[UsefulNotes/RandomAccessMemory RAM Cache]].
* 2 MB main RAM, 1.5 MB UsefulNotes/VideoRAM. The Extended RAM Cartridge (released in Japan only) added 1 MB or 4 MB to the main RAM.
* 512 KB sound memory.
* 512 KB CD buffer, which helped ensure smooth loading, if not fast loading.
* 32 KB save memory with the battery backup. A 128 KB or 512 KB memory cart could be added to supplement this.


[[folder: Graphics ]]

* While the system was listed as having 200,000 fully-textured polygons per second, barely half could be done in real-time games. That was still an impressive amount for the time.
* Unlike virtually every other console ever made, the Saturn used quadrilateral (rectangular) shapes in its 3D rendering, rather than the more traditionally used triangles. While this could theoretically have resulted in graphics far superior to what its competitors offered, quadrilaterals were nothing short of nightmarish to work with in games, even moreso when you considered how hard it was already to create games for the Saturn. Moreover, it made it impossible to do direct ports of games from the [=PlayStation=] and Nintendo 64.
* Overall, the Saturn could potentially have topped the [=PlayStation=] in terms of 3D graphics, but the system didn't last long enough to prove one way or the other.
* 2D was another story, as the system was built initially with 2D in mind, and save for a few effects, the Saturn was a superior 2D device to the [=PlayStation=] and {{Nintendo 64}}. Too bad it was mainly games in Japan that showed it off, unless it was a Creator/{{Capcom}} {{fighting game}} or a NeoGeo port.

!!Games originally for the Sega Saturn and/or ST-V include:

* ''Albert Odyssey: Legend of Eldean''
* ''[[VideoGame/TargetEarth Assault Suit Leynos 2]]''
* ''VideoGame/Asuka120Percent Limited BURNING Fest.''
** ''Asuka 120% [=LimitOver=] BURNING Fest.'', an unofficial update to ''Limited'' by the original developers.
* ''VideoGame/{{Astal}}''
* ''Baku Baku Animal''
* ''VideoGame/{{Baroque}}''
* ''VideoGame/BattleArenaToshinden URA''
* ''VideoGame/BattleMonsters''
* ''VideoGame/BlackMatrix''
* ''WesternAnimation/BlazingDragons''
* ''[[{{VideoGame/Bug}} BUG!]]'' and ''BUG Too!!''
* ''Bulk Slash''
* ''VideoGame/BurningRangers''
* ''VideoGame/ClockworkKnight'' and ''Clockwork Knight 2''
* ''VideoGame/{{Columns}} 97''
* ''[[Film/{{Congo}} Congo: The Movie - The Lost City of Zinj]]''
* ''VideoGame/DarkSavior''
* ''VideoGame/DeepFear''
* ''VideoGame/DevilSummoner'' and sequel ''Soul Hackers''
* ''[[Franchise/DieHard Die Hard Arcade]]'' (''Dynamite Deka'' in Japan)
* ''VideoGame/DragonForce''
* ''VideoGame/DungeonMaster Nexus''
* ''VideoGame/EnemyZero''
* ''VideoGame/FightersMegamix''
* ''VideoGame/FinalFight Revenge''
* ''[[VideoGame/FireProWrestling Fire Pro Gaiden: Blazing Tornado]]''
** ''Fire Pro Wrestling S: 6 Men Scramble''
* ''VideoGame/GoldenAxe: The Duel''
* ''VideoGame/{{Grandia}}''
* ''[[VideoGame/PowerInstinct Groove on Fight]]''
* ''VideoGame/GuardianHeroes''
* ''Gungriffon''
* ''VideoGame/HercsAdventures'' (multi-platform)
* ''VideoGame/KeioFlyingSquadron 2''
* ''VideoGame/{{Langrisser}} III'', ''IV'', ''V''
* ''VideoGame/LastGladiators''
** ''VideoGame/{{Necronomicon}}''
* ''[[VideoGame/BeyondOasis Legend of Oasis]]''
* ''[[VideoGame/FantasticNightDreamsCotton Magical Night Dreams Cotton 2]]'' and ''Cotton Boomerang''
* ''Manga/MagicKnightRayearth''
* ''VideoGame/MrBones''
* ''VideoGame/NightsIntoDreams''
* ''Outlaws of the Lost Dynasty'' (a.k.a. ''Suikoenbu'', ''Dark Legend'')
* ''VideoGame/PanzerDragoon'' series:
** ''Panzer Dragoon''
** ''Panzer Dragoon II Zwei''
** ''Panzer Dragoon Saga'' (''Azel: Panzer Dragoon RPG'' in Japan)
* ''Princess Crown''
* ''VideoGame/PuyoPuyo Sun''
* ''VideoGame/RadiantSilvergun''
* ''[[RevolutionaryGirlUtena Revolutionary Girl Utena: 4 Days in Ohtori]]''
* ''VideoGame/SakuraWars'' series:
** ''Sakura Taisen''
** ''Sakura Taisen 2''
** ''Hanagumi Taisen Columns''
** ''Sakura Taisen Teigeki Graph''
* ''VideoGame/SaturnBomberman''
* Various from the Franchise/ShiningSeries;
** ''VideoGame/ShiningForceIII''
** ''VideoGame/ShiningTheHolyArk''
** ''VideoGame/ShiningWisdom''
* ''VideoGame/SilhouetteMirage''
* ''VideoGame/SolarEclipse''
* ''VideoGame/SonicR''
* ''VideoGame/{{Soukyugurentai}}'' (''Terra Diver'' in English regions)
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Tempo}} Super Tempo]]''
* ''VideoGame/TengaiMakyou: The Fourth Apocalypse''
* ''VideoGame/ThreeDirtyDwarves''
* ''VideoGame/ThunderForce V''
* ''VideoGame/VirtuaFighter Kids'' and ''Virtua Fighter Remix''
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Hydlide}} Virtual Hydlide]]''

!!Games ported to the Sega Saturn include:
* ''VideoGame/AdvancedVariableGeo''
* ''[[VideoGame/AfterBurner After Burner II]]''
* ''[[Franchise/AloneInTheDark Alone in the Dark: One-Eyed Jack's Revenge]]''
* ''Batsugun''
* ''VideoGame/BattleGaregga''
* ''VideoGame/BrainDead13''
* ''VideoGame/BubbleBobble also featuring VideoGame/RainbowIslands''
** ''Bubble Symphony''
* ''VideoGame/CastlevaniaSymphonyOfTheNight'' (Japan only; famous for introducing Maria as a playable character.)
* ''VideoGame/ClockWerx''
* ''VideoGame/{{Contra}}: Legacy of War''
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Croc}} Croc: Legend of the Gobbos]]''
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Crusader}} Crusader: No Remorse]]''
* ''VideoGame/CryptKiller''
* ''VideoGame/{{Cyberbots}}''
* ''[[VideoGame/VirtualOn Cyber Troopers Virtual-ON: Operation Moongate]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{D}}''
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Darius}} Darius II]]'' and ''Darius Gaiden''
* ''VideoGame/DarkSeed'' and ''Dark Seed II''
* ''VideoGame/DaytonaUSA'' and rerelease ''Championship Circuit Edition''
* ''VideoGame/DeadOrAlive''
* ''VideoGame/DonPachi'' and ''[=DoDonPachi=]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}''
* ''VideoGame/DoubleSwitch''
* ''VideoGame/DukeNukem3D''
* ''[[VideoGame/DungeonsAndDragonsChroniclesOfMystara Dungeons & Dragons Collection]]'' (a compilation of Capcom's two arcade beat 'em ups, ''Tower of Doom'' and ''Shadow over Mystara''; make sure you have the 4 MB RAM cart)
* ''VideoGame/EarthwormJim 2''
* ''VideoGame/FantasyZone''
* ''[[VideoGame/FightersHistory Fighter's History Dynamite]]'' ([[NoExportForYou Japan-only]], though, as opposed to the ports for the SNES, Neo Geo, and Neo Geo CD)
* ''VideoGame/FightingVipers''
* ''[[VideoGame/SuikodenI Gensou Suikoden]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gex}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Hexen}}''
* ''VideoGame/TheHorde''
* ''The VideoGame/HouseOfTheDead''
* ''VideoGame/InTheHunt''
* ''VideoGame/TheKingOfFighters [='=]95'', ''[='=]96'', ''[='=]97'' (''[='=]95'' requires a specific ROM cart, but the later ones use generic 1 MB RAM carts)
* ''VideoGame/LodeRunner: The Legend Returns''
* ''VideoGame/TheLostVikings 2''
* ''VideoGame/TheLostWorldJurassicPark''
* ''VideoGame/{{Lunar}}'' series:
** ''[[VideoGame/LunarTheSilverStar Lunar: Silver Star Story]]''
** ''[[VideoGame/LunarEternalBlue Lunar 2: Eternal Blue]]''
** ''Mahou Gakuen Lunar!''
* ''VideoGame/MagicalDrop''
** ''Magical Drop 2''
** ''Magical Drop III''
* ''VideoGame/MansionOfHiddenSouls''
* ''VideoGame/MarvelVsCapcom''
** ''VideoGame/XMenChildrenOfTheAtom''
** ''VideoGame/MarvelSuperHeroes''
** ''VideoGame/XMenVsStreetFighter''
** ''VideoGame/MarvelSuperHeroesVsStreetFighter''
* ''VideoGame/MegaMan8''
** ''VideoGame/SuperAdventureRockman''
* ''VideoGame/MegaManX''
** ''VideoGame/MegaManX3''
** ''VideoGame/MegaManX4''
* ''VideoGame/MetalBlack''
* ''VideoGame/{{Myst}}''
** ''VideoGame/{{Riven}}''
* ''VideoGame/NightStriker''
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Darkstalkers}} Night Warriors: Darkstalkers' Revenge]]''
* ''VideoGame/OutRun''
* ''VideoGame/{{Parodius}}'' series:
** ''Gokujou Parodius Da! Deluxe Pack''
** ''Jikkyou Oshaberi Parodius: Forever With Me''
** ''Sexy Parodius''
* ''VideoGame/PowerSlave'' (''Exhumed'' in Europe).
* ''[[VideoGame/SuperGemFighter Pocket Fighter]]''
* ''VisualNovel/{{Policenauts}}''
* ''VideoGame/PrimalRage''
* ''[[VideoGame/ProPinballTheWeb Pro Pinball: The Web]]''
* ''VideoGame/PuLiRuLa''
* ''VideoGame/{{Quake|I}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Rampage}} World Tour''
* ''VideoGame/RaySeries''
** ''Layer Section'' (a.k.a. ''Galactic Attack''; ''[=RayForce=]'' on other platforms)
** ''Layer Section II'' (a.k.a. ''[=RayStorm=]'')
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Rayman1995}} Rayman]]''
* ''[[VideoGame/ResidentEvil1 Resident Evil]]''
* ''[[VideoGame/RiseOfTheRobots Resurrection: Rise 2]]''
* ''VideoGame/RevolutionX''
* ''VideoGame/RoadRash''
* ''VideoGame/SegaRally Championship''
* ''Shippu VideoGame/MahouDaisakusen'' (a.k.a. ''Kingdom Grandprix'')
* ''VisualNovel/{{Snatcher}}''
* ''VideoGame/Sonic3DFlickiesIsland''
* ''VideoGame/SonicJam''
* ''[[VideoGame/StrikeSeries Soviet Strike]]''
* ''VideoGame/SpaceHarrier''
* ''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders''
* ''VideoGame/StreetFighterAlpha'' trilogy:
** ''Street Fighter Alpha''
** ''Street Fighter Alpha 2''
** ''Street Fighter Alpha 3''
* ''VideoGame/{{Strikers 1945}}'' and ''Strikers 1945 II''
* ''[[VideoGame/SuperRobotWars4 Super Robot Wars F]]'' and ''F Final''
* ''VideoGame/ThemePark''
* ''VideoGame/ThreeWonders''
* ''VideoGame/TimeGal''
* ''Franchise/TokimekiMemorial'' (''Kirameki Saga'')
* ''VideoGame/TombRaider''
* ''VideoGame/TruePinball''
* ''VideoGame/{{Tunnel B1}}''
* ''VideoGame/TwinCobra II''
* ''VideoGame/TwinkleStarSprites'' (some prefer the Saturn version to the NeoGeo original due to extras)
* ''Ultimate VideoGame/MortalKombat3''
** ''[[VideoGame/MortalKombat3 Mortal Kombat Trilogy]]''
* ''VideoGame/UnchartedWatersNewHorizons''
* ''VideoGame/VandalHearts''
* ''VideoGame/VirtuaCop'' and ''Virtua Cop 2''
* ''VideoGame/VirtuaFighter'' and ''Virtua Fighter 2''
* ''VideoGame/WakuWaku7''
* ''VideoGame/{{Warcraft}} II: The Dark Saga''
* ''VideoGame/WorldHeroes Perfect''
* ''VideoGame/{{Worms}}''
* ''VisualNovel/YuNo''


* AlliterativeTitle: The full name of the console.
* BaldWomen: One magazine ad features a woman with rings surrounding her denuded scalp. Likewise, the promotional video (see below) starts off with a bald (and nude) lady with rings encircling her head. Considering how shocking the trope can be, it's a good way to attract attention and invoke the image of Saturn.
* ChristmasRushed: The Sega Saturn release in America was pushed forward in an attempt to get a lead on Sony's (then) new console; the PlayStation. This however backfired as developers weren't told (or weren't told soon enough), leaving pretty much nothing (at least, nothing that also wasn't rushed) to actually play on it until four months later, when it was supposed to launch.
** Indeed, many retailers were caught by surprise as well: many of them had to scrape by with limited supplies to sell for months, and Sony took advantage of this while preparing for their own launch. In fact, it so angered KB Toys that they actually dropped Sega Saturn from their catalogue altogether.
* DadaAd: The initial promotional video for the Saturn, [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjK0P_Qz0SA clocking in at 9 minutes]], infamous for ''not making any sense at all''.
* GhostInTheMachine: What seems to be the point of the launch ad, titled "Theater of the Eye", although it wasn't exclusively the mind portrayed. It focuses on how the Sega Saturn will make you [[SideEffectsInclude weep uncontrollably, lose your hearing, have a nervous breakdown, and also]] [[TheLastOfTheseIsNotLikeTheOthers make your bowels move violently.]] [[SarcasmMode Because that's what you want to happen when you play a game console.]]
* NoExportForYou: A large quantity of games released in Japan only.
* ScapegoatCreator: Bernie Stolar, often blamed for the downfall of the Saturn in America. As you can probably guess...
** {{Misblamed}}: While Stolar is very much responsible for not allowing many games into the west and pushing the Dreamcast to be released, the rest of Sega of America (including whomever was hired to market the system in the U.S., see below) are just as guilty. In addition, by the time Stolar came, the Sega Saturn was already losing the market and most of the games he refused to allow official releases were niche in the US such as Shmups and dating sims. On the other hand, Stolar's vetoing of {{Eastern RPG}}s on the console just when VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII was kicking off the JRPG craze in the west and giving sports titles (a genre that was waning in popularity at that time) a free pass instead is said to be one of the main reasons the Saturn failed.
* WhatWereTheySellingAgain: The marketing team for the Saturn in the U.S. didn't quite make it well known they were advertising a ''video game system'', let alone the Saturn.