[[quoteright:260:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/russian-roulette_3635.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:260:Round and round and round she goes...]]

->''"My father was a judge. That surprises you. He used to make my mother and me [[HangingJudge watch people being hanged]]. One day, he said there was too much bad in this world. He took a bullet, put it in his gun, and spun the chamber. Then he took it in turns, clicking it at each of us, until he blew the back of his head off with the final click. Understand this: There is nothing on this Earth that frightens me now. Nothing."''
-->-- '''Herod''', ''Film/TheQuickAndTheDead''

Russian Roulette: A game of suicide and/or luck for one to six players.

'''Equipment:'''
* 1 revolver
* 1 round of ammunition

'''Setup:'''
# Load one chamber.
# Half-cock the hammer to free the cylinder.
# Spin it.
# Fully cock the hammer to stop it.
# (Alternative for double-action revolvers) With the cylinder swung out to the side, spin it and slap it back into the frame.

'''Rules:'''
* Each player, in turn, puts the gun to his head and pulls the trigger.
* First player to die loses.
* Portrayals of the game differ as to whether the cylinder is spun after each trigger pull. If it is, the game can continue indefinitely with a 1 in 6 chance of hitting the loaded chamber each time. If not, there are a maximum of 5 chances to not die, assuming the cylinder has 6 chambers and the ammunition round isn't a dud.

'''History:'''\\
The game was allegedly invented by the Russians either during WorldWarOne or by those assigned to Siberia. If the latter, to deal with the extreme boredom, as their assignment was often referred to as 'counting trees', while the former was to try and get out of the extremely bloody and inglorious war. There are no indication however that this is true (and such outlandish behaviour would have most likely been recorded as suicides and duels were usually described in length) as the first mention of this game (as well as the name 'Russian roulette' itself) appears in a 1937 short story of the same title by Georges Sundez, a Frenchman. Also, the most common revolver issued by the Russian army at the time had a cylinder that could not be freely spun (and also had seven chambers, but that's not really important).

Today, it's seen as the one of the [[RatedMForManly more manly stunts available]] because of the risks involved, reduced somewhat by the common one-round-six-chambers setup. Perfect for proving you're not afraid to ([[DeathSeeker or want to]]) die, you're a real man, or you're just TooDumbToLive.

Some claim that if the original game existed, it could be a largely harmless entertainment - if there is a single round and a gun is well oiled, the full chamber will end at the bottom.

It can also be used to scare information out of prisoners, as a form of psychological torture.

Need we say it: DontTryThisAtHome. Besides [[CaptainObvious the risk to your life]] if you lose, if you play with others you can be charged with murder if someone dies (at least in [[TheCommonLaw common-law jurisdictions]], under the theory of depraved-heart/grossly reckless murder--see for instance the Pennsylvania case ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_v._Malone Commonwealth v. Malone]]''), and in some jurisdictions you can be tried for attempted murder even if everyone lives. One notable case in 1984, was American actor Jon-Erik Hexum who died a Russian roulette stunt, despite only loading the revolver with blanks. Despite his belief that this made it harmless, the overpressure wave from the discharge of the blank propelled the round's wadding into his temple, shattering his skull, and causing brain trauma. Six days later he was declared brain dead and was taken off life support.

See also FalseRoulette. For the wider trope of lethal "games" that don't involve handguns, see AbsurdlyHighStakesGame. TheOtherWiki also [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_roulette_in_popular_culture has an article]]. One of the reasons why RevolversAreJustBetter.

''For the TV game show, click [[Series/RussianRoulette here]].''

----
!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Advertising]]
* This trope is often invoked for the British chocolate Revels. Each packet has a mix of flavors, and you can't tell which one is which. An [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XIa3C4a2Lw advert parodied]] The Deer Hunter by having a guy face off against a Vietnamese opponent Russian Roulette-style. He gets orange flavor, to the joy of his opponents, but it is revealed that he "likes orange" and smiles as his opponent screams in agony as he gets a coffee sweet.
** Possibly inspired by the stand-up comic Jasper Carrott, who had a line in his routine about how the other kids at school made him play a very similar version of this game after they found out he was allergic to peanuts. (He was probably making it up. I hope.)
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSBbRkZKOd0 This]] old British PublicServiceAnnouncement uses it as a metaphor for driving without a seatbelt.
* Parodied in one commercial about gambling etiquette. A large guy is sitting by a kitchen table, and he puts the gun against his head with 1 in 6 bullets, and wins. He's combined it with StripPoker, as an attractive woman then takes off a piece of her clothing. He keeps making bigger gambles, eventually winning even with 5 in 6 bullets. The woman insinuates that she'll sleep with him if he keeps on gambling, and he [[TooDumbToLive puts in the last bullet and prepares to shoot as he says he's "feeling lucky"]]. The screen cuts to black as the caption says that good poker players [[KnowWhenToFoldEm should know when to fold]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* In ''GunsmithCats'', Rally Vincent uses an extreme version to intimidate a captive: she sticks the gun in the poor schmuck's face and pulls the trigger not once, but ''five times'' - '''fast'''. She explains that she can time the spin so it stops ''just'' as the loaded chamber passes the hammer.
** Her record is twelve straight spins. Wanna help her break it? KLIK-KLIK-KLIK-KLIK-KLIK!
* "Russian Roulette" was the opening theme for the ''LightNovel/DirtyPair'' TV series. Oddly appropriate that (HeroInsurance), you MIGHT get to keep your planet.
* ''Main/YuGiOh'':
** In the [[Manga/YuGiOh original Manga]], we are shown that after his humiliating loss to Pegasus, "Bandit" Keith's life went straight down the toilet, and he fell to gambling to survive. One panel shows him playing Russian Roulette with an utterly insane look on his face. In addition to that, his flagship monster, Revolver Dragon, attacks by playing Russian roulette... pointed at the enemy monsters, of course. (With the monster, however, the gun's ''two'' chambers have ''five'' bullets apiece, and any shot he makes reloads every turn. His chance of missing is rather slim. The [[http://yugioh.wikia.com/wiki/Barrel_Dragon real version of the card]] is more balanced.
** And in the manga, he dies by it when he attacks Pegasus, and he falls victim to YourMindMakesItReal.
** Earlier, at the very beginning of the "Death T" arc, Mokuba plays "Russian Roulette Buffet" with Yugi and Joey. A spinning table, and six plates of food, two of which have poison; to which only Mokuba has the antidote. It is, of course, rigged by Mokuba, and Joey gets poison on his first plate. Yugi beats Mokuba by attaching the Puzzle to the spinning table, causing Mokuba to break the syrup bottle which was the secret control for the table; and then the final spin gives Mokuba the poison. (Mokuba gave himself away; the fact that the syrup bottle was empty combined with the fact that he didn't seem worried at all about being poisoned made Yugi realize he was using that to control where it landed.)
** Dartz has Twin Bow Centaur (not a real card), which would randomly fire an arrow at either your monster or your opponent's monster.
** Kiryu has [[http://yugioh.wikia.com/wiki/Infernity_Reloader Infernity Reloader]] (called Infernity Randomizer in the dub), which fires 500 damage at either you or your opponent. His Infernity Death Gunman is a straight up ShoutOut to DirtyHarry.
** Yusei has a cowboy-like monster called Quickdraw Synchron, which is a subversion. While the anime makes it look like the effect is having it play Russian Roulette with Yusei's other Tuners, [[http://yugioh.wikia.com/wiki/Quickdraw_Synchron its true effect]] is not random at all.
** Joey has the [[http://yugioh.wikia.com/wiki/Time_Wizard Time Wizard]], which had a "Time Roulette" effect. If it lands on one of the two time machine symbols, it ages everything on the field by 1000 years. [[note]] This can also be a test of luck, since the desired effect is to leave the opponent's monsters old and withered while Joey's Baby Dragon ages into the mighty Thousands Dragon, but some others also get a positive effect from 1000 years' time, such as Yugi's Dark Magician becoming the Dark Sage.[[/note]] If lands on one of the four skull symbols, it detonates Joey's side of the field, which can take a lot out of his Life Points.
** Joey also had a Spell Card called Roulette Spider (not a real card) which he used against Espa Roba, and called "the riskiest move in Duel Monsters". By paying half his life points, the "spider" blindfolded the strongest monster on the field (in this case, Jinzo) and made it spin like a roulette wheel. When Roba called for it to stop, it would do so and make an attack against whoever or whatever it was aiming at, which could be either player, directly, or any other monster on the field. (Joey ''really'' lucked out here. It ended up aiming at Roba's Reflect Bounder, who had an effect that destroyed ''both'' monsters and wiped out Roba's remaining life points, winning Joey the duel.)
* In the ''Manga/BlackCat'' manga vol. 1, Train dares Sven (who just recently got a free [[OnlyAFleshWound chest carving]] from Eve) to shoot him in the hand to see if he's still daring enough to go out in his condition. Sven picks the right bullet, but Train doesn't feel any pain, since he "tampered" with the bullet before loading it.
* In an early chapter of ''Manga/KatekyoHitmanReborn'', Reborn suggests Tsuna and Kyoko play Russian Roulette with a party bullet. He then switches it out with a Dying Will Bullet, and Kyoko gets hit.
* A MonsterClown challenges Elf and Zwolf to a game of Russian Roulette in ''BattleAngelAlita: Last Order.'' He cheats by swapping the gun for a fully loaded one.
* An episode of the second ''SakuraWars'' OAV has Maria, having gotten an enemy at her mercy, [[spoiler:pretend to]] put one bullet in her gun [[spoiler:while actually leaving it unloaded]], spin the chambers, and essentially ask the guy if he's feeling lucky (he isn't). Not quite how the game is normally played, but close enough that one can practically hear the writers saying "It's like Russian Roulette! Because she's Russian, get it?"
* ''LiarGame'' has a less-fatal variant with "24-Shot Russian Roulette", where the gun is loaded with six caps (out of 24) and if you shoot yourself, you lose several million yen. This being ''Liar Game'', the heroes figure out how to fix it in their favour.
* In one chapter of ''DanceInTheVampireBund'', Akira runs across some vampires playing Russian Roulette, although the losers generally heal from the injuries they suffer. When pressed into a game, Akira (taking a page from Rally above) spins the chambers, puts the barrel to his heart (a part that generally wouldn't grow back on a vampire) and pulls the trigger five times, then presents the pistol to his opponent.
* In ''GunXSword'', the first villain uses this to show off his incredible luck, by playing with two pistols at once and surviving five pulls.
* One of the Snake Princess's servants in ''DragonBallZ'' plays this for fun, as she shows Goku. She promptly loses.
-->'''Goku:''' Personally, if I was given a choice, I think I'd rather play checkers.
* [[spoiler: Kuruso]] does this to Yukiteru in ''FutureDiary'', in order to [[BatmanGambit provoke]] [[ViolentlyProtectiveGirlfriend Yuno]] to attack him. [[spoiler: It works]].
* ''{{Akagi}}'' and Ichikawa play a single round of russian roulette pre-match (as in, they only pulled the trigger once each) as a way of gouging each other's personalities. Ichikawa could hear which chamber the bullet was in by the noise made as it passed the barrel and predicted which chamber the bullet was in before the trigger was pulled. Since it was more than two triggers away, Akagi wasn't very worried either. As it turns out Ichikawa was completely correct and they both walk away with slightly greater respect for each other.

[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comicbooks]]
* ''Comicbook/{{Daredevil}}'' #191, "Roulette," takes place in [[PsychoForHire Bullseye's]] hospital room, with Daredevil performing the Roulette for both of them while he tells Bullseye about a kid who admired him, [[BrokenPedestal saw him at his darkest]], and then [[JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope jumped the slope]].
** The best bit? [[ThouShaltNotKill The gun isn't loaded]].
* In one ''ComicBook/LuckyLuke'' comic, a Russian archduke on visit to the wild west challenges a gambler into a game of Russian roulette, and the gambler bails out when the gun is fired. Later, the duke challenges a Cavalry captain, and the gun goes off on him. The round is a blank, and he shouts "failed" in Russian, a running gag during the story, as a Russian assassin says the word every time his plans fail, but it isn't translated.
** In another story, Luke is being held in jail and suggests to his jailer, a compulsive gambler, that they play Russian roulette to pass time. The jailer plays first, is lucky, then gives his gun to Luke, who, of course, points it at him and orders him to let him out.
--->'''Jailer''': And here I thought it was impossible to cheat at this game!
* Guy Smith, Mister Sensitive / The Orphan from ''XForce'' played it alone on the regular (that is, ''every day'') because of depression stemming from the fact that his parents never wanted him. Every day for three years, he kept getting lucky. Someone tried to kill him once by filling the other chambers, but because of his powers, he could feel the extra 5 bullets in the gun.
* Franchise/{{Batman}} once hunted a villain who was using a rigged gun. The villain would challenge rich men to Russian Roulette, after both men playing had made out a will leaving everything to the victor. The gun had an extra safety that wasn't visible when playing, so the villain could never lose. Batman won despite the gun being full. (This particular game of Russian Roulette involved adding a bullet to the gun each time the two men lived.)
* Two-Face, in the storyline that reveals his revised origin in ComicBook/TheNew52, plays this once every so often, the decision to do so spurred by his coin landing good side up. [[spoiler: He kills himself this way at the end of the story.]]
* There's an old ''Magazine/{{MAD}}'' comic of a line of six people passing the gun to each other. When the man sixth in line gets it, he shoots the gun, and the bullet goes through the heads of all the others.
* A suicidally depressed Twitch does this with a temporarily de-powered {{Spawn}} after his son is lost to vampires. Al decides he's had enough and throws Twitch off the building, but not before getting a bullet in the shoulder.
* ''Comicbook/NikolaiDante'' ends with a game between Nikolai and Vladimir.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* ''Film/TheDeerHunter'' has perhaps the most famous example. Scenes in other films featuring Russian Roulette being played by men wearing red headbands are parodies of this film, such as ''Film/MeetTheFeebles''.
%%* ''187'', with Creator/SamuelLJackson.
* Parodied in the original ''Film/UnfaithfullyYours''.
-->'''Alfred:''' Have you ever heard of Russian Roulette?
-->'''Daphne De Carter:''' Why, certainly. I used to play it all the time with my father.
-->'''Alfred:''' I doubt that you played Russian Roulette all the time with your father!
-->'''Daphne De Carter:''' Oh, I most certainly did. You play it with two decks of cards, and...
-->'''Alfred:''' That's Russian Bank. Russian Roulette's a very different amusement which I can only wish your father had played continuously before he had you!
* The movie ''Intacto'', which has a premise of luck as a real and transferable property, has two very lucky people playing a form of RussianRoulette. They play with one chamber empty.
* The Spanish comedy film ''Airbag'' has [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P0Bj-N_3xfY a scene]] with a Russian ''omelette''. Five people bringing 15 million pesetas each, five omelettes, four of them made with poison mushrooms, one of them with regular ones. The one left alive walks away with all the money, except the small percentage given to the organisers. (It was a scam, though. The organisers thought nobody would be as stupid as to actually follow with that setup.)
* The climactic scene of the 1988 movie ''La Boca del Lobo'' (''The Mouth of the Wolf''). The protagonist challenges his army superior, who'd been [[ReassignedToAntarctica sent to their remote Peruvian village]] after he killed a fellow officer in a game of Russian Roulette over a woman. In the end they're down to the last chamber, which they ''know'' contains the bullet -- the man holding the gun has to either back down in disgrace or blow his brains out. [[spoiler:He is unable to pull the trigger.]]
* At the start of the Russian film ''Film/BurntByTheSun'' the protagonist (a secret policemen who's been ordered to arrest a general and his wife -- a former LoveInterest) does this with a seven-shot Nagant revolver. He survives, and so carries out his order, killing himself at the end of the movie via the more reliable method of [[BathSuicide slitting his wrists while in the bathtub]].
* ''Live!'' parodies RealityTV by having an American TV executive use this as part of the ultimate ratings winning game show where ordinary people literally gamble their lives for a huge cash prize.
* In ''Film/{{Sonatine}}'', Murakawa plays a forced game with two reluctant Yakuza underlings. When it comes to Murakawa's turn on the final chamber, he just smiles and begins to pull the trigger. [[spoiler: It turns out to be empty.]]
* In ''Film/TheWayOfTheGun'', Abner plays a version of this as a way of possibly committing suicide. He's filled a pillowcase with revolvers and randomly selects one to use in the game, but he gets interrupted before firing.
* In ''Film/TheBoondockSaintsIIAllSaintsDay'', Il Duce combines this with MexicanStandoff and uses it as an interrogation technique. Earlier, the [=MacManus=] brothers use this to determine whether or not to let a bad guy go.
* ''13 Tzameti'' features an underground game in which desperate men are recruited to play a modified version of Russian Roulette while rich gangsters bet on who survives, like a horse race. The players arrange themselves in a circle and hold their revolvers up to the head of the man in front of them. When a light bulb turns on, they all fire.
* ''Film/TheProfessional''. LittleMissBadass Mathilda does this to show ProfessionalKiller Léon she's ready to become a killer. Léon knocks her hand away at the last second, which is just as well because the revolver goes off.
* ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbean IV: On Stranger Tides'' has a variant; six pistols, four unloaded, two loaded and Jack is ordered to shoot his love interest with them. He argues with Blackbeard over whether the game is FalseRoulette. When he's convinced that it's real, he takes another other option and jumps off a nearby cliff.
* Bollywood movie ''Dhoom 2'' has a sexually charged one where Mr A (Hrithik Roshan) forces Sunheri (Aishwarya Rai) to play after [[spoiler:finding out that she had betrayed him. Only it turned out to be FalseRoulette and ended in one hell of a kiss. ]]
* ''Film/LAConfidential'' has the game used to intimidate a perp into talking.
* ''Film/KissKissBangBang'' has Harry use the game to intimidate a perp into talking. Unfortunately, [[spoiler: Harry rashly decides to chance it and pull the trigger to frighten the perp even more, trusting in probability that it will be an empty chamber. He kills the perp. Oops]].
* ''Film/MalcolmX'' features Malcolm playing it with a couple of other hoodlums to determine who would be the leader of their group. In a later scene he admits to a friend that he [[FalseRoulette palmed the bullet]] so the gun was unloaded.
* In Creator/IngmarBergman's ''Smiles Of A Summer Night'', [[TheNeidermeyer Count Malcolm]] challenges [[ButtMonkey Fredrik]] to one of these, arguing that it's the only form of lethal combat where Fredrik would stand a chance against him. [[spoiler: The gun is only loaded with soot.]]
* ''Film/LifeOfTheParty'' has Michael tossing away five of the bullets and then pulling the trigger of the gun while it's pointed at his friends and himself. The sixth pull has the gun up against his head... [[spoiler:and there's a click, and he reveals that he never loaded the sixth bullet.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* Literature/ErastFandorin plays different variations of it throughout the novels and always wins (obviously), because he is just BornLucky. Notably, the game is referred to as "American Roulette" in the beginning. One prominent player even tells his opponent "I'm telling you, because of me and you they will rename it 'Russian Roulette'."
* In the FightingFantasy book ''The Citadel of Chaos'', the player can at one point play Russian Roulette ''with daggers'': the player stabs himself with a dagger picked at random from a set of six, with 5 being "trick daggers" whose blade retracts into the hilt and a real dagger. And the prize is an item that is virtually required to finish the book.
** ''The City of Thieves'' features another version, with pills: five harmless, one poisonous. The reward is simply a respectable amount of gold.
* One ''Literature/JackReacher'' novel has the BigBad and Reacher in the same room with a prepped gun. For complicated reasons, Reacher needs to get the BigBad to trust him. So he exploits the abovementioned 'flaw' in order to win and fires at his own head ''five times'', [[GambitRoulette betting that the weight of the bullet would have the chamber settle at the bottom.]] Then it was [[SubvertedTrope Subverted]] - [[spoiler: Reacher actually thought the gun wasn't loaded. He still doesn't seem all that bothered to find out that is was.]]
* ''Quiller Balalaika'' by [[Creator/EllestonTrevor Adam Hall]]. A [[TheMafiya Russian Mafia]] boss forces Literature/{{Quiller}} to play this game (after he's already witnessed [[BadBoss one of his mooks get killed]] this way) with one bullet and six spins of the chamber. The boss is stunned when Quiller actually survives, and so he orders Quiller to be taken to the forest and shot the traditional way.
* In Creator/KimNewman's ''Literature/DarkFuture'' novel ''Krokodil Tears'', the [[BrokenBird main character]] plays Russian Roulette with a cowboy, with two bullets in the gun instead of the usual one. It clicks empty four times, meaning on her turn it's guaranteed to be loaded. [[CrazyAwesome She takes her turn anyway]]...[[MadeOfIron and the bullet is stopped by her skull]]. Turns out she was testing her recently-implanted cyborg armor. She then hands the gun back to the other guy to take his turn.
* As noted in the Straight Dope article linked to above, the 19th century Russian novel ''Literature/AHeroOfOurTime'' has a proto-example of this. A fatalistic Russian officer makes a bet to prove his philosophy, which he does by putting a single-shot pistol to his head and pulling the trigger, and it proceeds to click harmlessly. He then points it to the wall and again pulls the trigger, and this time, it fires.
* Ed [=McBain=]'s short story "The Last Spin" has two GangBangers playing Russian Roulette to the death as a minimum-casualty solution to avert a war. They realise they're NotSoDifferent just before [[DownerEnding one loses]].
* There's a short story by Creator/{{Saki}} where a man plays Russian Roulette hundreds of times without shooting himself. The man then decides that this must be because he's special and takes up another high risk pastime: hunting vicious animals. [[spoiler: He's fatally mauled, and the narrator reveals that his success in the game was due to the revolver being well-balanced and well-oiled.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* One segment on ''Series/OneThousandWaysToDie'' had three bozos playing a game of Russian Roulette. [[spoiler: Every time one survived a round, they all stomped victoriously, [[BaitAndSwitch which eventually set off an ages-old landmine their shack happened to be built on]].]]
* ''Series/TwentyFour'': Jack Bauer was once captured by some criminals while breaking into a prison. The criminals made Jack and his accomplice, a druglord Bauer was breaking out of jail play RussianRoulette at gunpoint. Jack ''[[GambitRoulette successfully]]'' guesses which chamber contains the bullet, and shoots one of his captors rather than put the gun to his head.
** Minutes before the Jack and Salazar example above, Jack is forced to play Russian Roulette with one of the prison guards. The guard, who gets the first shot, is crying and scared to pick up the gun until Jack convices him to play along, at which point the guard picks up the gun, points it at his own head and pulls the trigger. [[spoiler:He dies.]]
* In ''Series/{{Heroes}}'', Doyle uses his PeoplePuppets power to force Claire, her birth mother Meredith, and her adoptive mother Sandra to play a variation of this, crossed with SpinTheBottle: he places the gun on the center of the table and spins it. The first time, it points at Claire, so she has to choose which mommy to fire at. She refuses to choose, so he makes her shoot at Meredith - and gets one of the empty chambers. The second time, he spins it twice - once to decide who will fire it, the second one to decide who it's fired at. This leads to Sandra pointing the gun at Claire, which is what really makes the scene unique: she takes this opportunity to try to fire it until she gets the bullet, which [[GoodThingYouCanHeal kills Claire]], freeing her from Doyle's control and allowing her to take him out.
* ''{{Wiseguy}}''. Mad arms dealer Mel Profitt does this with undercover agent Vinnie Terranova when he finds out Vinnie is sleeping with his sister (whom Mel has his own [[BrotherSisterIncest incestuous relationship]] with). The gun turns out to be empty. Vinnie pulls out his own revolver which has an [[ShurFineGuns empty chamber under the hammer]] and challenges Mel to his own version, with only a one-in-six chance to live. Mel calls his bluff and Vinnie has to shoot the bullet into the wall.
* ''Series/{{Farscape}}'' episode "Taking The Stone" featured a tribe of thrillseeking kids that play Russian Roulette... with ''fungi!'' The mushroom in question grows in clusters of four: three of them get you high, one of them will kill you, and there's no real way to tell which one.
* ''Series/{{Leverage}}'' has Elliot {{flashback}}ing to being tied up playing this. He was the only one playing. Apparently it was still better than going to one of Sophie's plays.
* ''Series/{{Carnivale}}''. When one of their own is murdered, the carnies tell the killer to pick a number between one and six. When he cautiously picks "3", three bullets are loaded into a revolver, with three pulls of the trigger. [[spoiler:He survives, incredibly enough, and Samson orders the others to let him go despite their protests. Samson does [[ShootTheDog kill him later]] though.]]
* ''Series/TheXFiles''. At the climax of "Pusher" a criminal with mind control powers forces Fox Mulder to join him in a game. Mulder is made to "shoot" the criminal, then himself, then is about to shoot Scully when she [[IncrediblyLamePun triggers]] the fire alarm, distracting the criminal so Mulder can turn the gun on him instead. It turns out ''that'' chamber was loaded.
* ''{{Cowards}}'', a rather dark BBC comedy show, featured a sketch that had a group of people playing this at a dinner party. The first five survive but the sixth claims that they have been playing it wrong and they should have spun the chambers before each trigger pull. He is argued down, with hilarious consequences...
* ''Series/CriminalMinds'': in the episode 'Revelations', an unsub - well, one of the three personalities of an unsub suffering from Dissociative Identity Disorder - kidnaps FBI Special Agent Spencer Reid and tortures him, then adds to the torture with a game of RussianRoulette. Three times, Reid lucks out. The fourth time, as he's standing knee-deep in the grave he's just been forced to dig for himself, he gets the gun away from Hankel and shoots him, without checking to see if the bullet is chambered first. It is.
* ''Series/{{Castle}}'': played with in the episode "Hedge Fund Homeboys", in which a group of drunk high schoolers liked ''pretending'' to play this, with a real revolver that didn't have any bullets loaded. Except one of them snuck a bullet into the right chamber, to kill another one and make it look like a tragic accident.
* In the ''TalesFromTheCrypt'' episode "Cutting Cards," two gamblers loathe each other so much that they're willing to play a game of Russian Roulette just for the possibility of the other person dying. They both survive because the round turns out to be a dud.
* ''Series/{{Numb3rs}}'' featured an episode involving a group of gamblers holding a live webcast that featured a tournament of Russian Roulette and people online can bet on who wins. [[spoiler: Turns out that the game had been rigged.]]
* ''Series/{{Luther}}'' forces a VillainousBreakdown from a former special forces soldier who is killing police officers, but then has an OhCrap moment when the man empties all but one bullet from his snubnose revolver and starts putting it to their heads and pulling the trigger. [[spoiler:Eventually the killer is down to the last chamber and it's his turn -- Luther decks him when he puts the gun to his head to commit suicide.]]
* ''Series/AlienNation''. In episode 10, a Russian Roulette-style game with salt water once played on the slave ship resurfaces and plagues the Newcomer society, forcing George to confront his past.
* ''TheCityHunter'': Jin-pyo uses this as an interrogation method, pulling the trigger each time the subject gives an answer that annoys him (and using up five turns before he gets a real answer).
* ''Series/{{Banzai}}'' featured variations of this in a couple of gambles that feature the "Wheel of Misfortune" (ie. Beer Cans, Umbrellas, 5 hard boiled eggs with one real egg, and Hair Mousse).
* ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'' has [[DrJerk Dr. Cox]] sarcastically suggest it as a suitable activity [[RefugeInAudacity at a child's birthday party]]. Then he advises putting bullets in ''all'' the chambers because that way "everybody wins".
* ''Series/{{Airwolf}}''. Played by [[MadScientist Dr Moffet]], who steals Airwolf in the premiere and flies it to Libya. At one point he does this as exposition to show Airwolf's AchillesHeel -- a bullet in the mid-air refueling tube will destroy Airwolf; Moffet pulls the trigger but the chamber is empty. When confronted by Airwolf flown by Stringfellow Hawke at the end of the episode, Moffet calmly aims at the tube and pulls the trigger. Again the chamber is empty and Stringfellow responds by showing there is NoKillLikeOverkill.
* On ''Series/TheRiches'', Wayne/Doug loads one round in a revolver, spins the cylinder, and pulls the trigger on Hugh Panetta, freaking out the man in the process. Doug then reveals he'd actually palmed the bullet to illustrate his point that it's the mark's perception of reality, rather than reality itself, that is necessary for the sell.
* ''Series/ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'' features a scene parodying ''The Deer Hunter'' example, where Frank begins hosting matches for gamblers to take part in.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* The KaizersOrchestra song "Bak Et Halleluja" is the singer confessing to a priest about a game of Russian Roulette he played with a friend. [[spoiler:The friend lost.]]
** In addition, their song "Resistansen" mentions Russian Roulette.
* "Russian Roulette", {{Rihanna}}'s first single from "Rated R," is from the POV of someone playing for the first time. It even starts and ends with the sound effect of the barrel spinning.
* A variation occurs in DMX's "Here We Go Again":
-->"Wasn't hard for me to get him where I wanted him, confronted him
-->*bzzzt, click* There is a bullet in one of 'em
-->Feelin' lucky? *click* Looks like you are
-->*click-click-click*...Luck ain't goin' too far
-->What you did was put on another pair of shoes and they just happened to be too big
-->What you did was stupid, '''real fuckin' stupid'''
-->Well, shorty, I gave you a chance, and what'd you do?
-->Threw it back in my fuckin' face, so fuck you too! *BANG*"
* Jazz pianist David Kikoski has an instrumental called "Russian Roulette".
* German heavy metal band Accept's 1985 album was titled ''Russian Roulette''. The cover photo showed the band dressed in Russian army uniforms sitting around a table with a pistol lying on it.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:NewspaperComics]]
* A ''ComicStrip/{{Pogo}}'' comic book-style story, probably created as supplementary material for a book collection, features the cast as Russian scientists working for the Soviet space program. In the opening scene they are playing Russian Roulette. Churchy gets the bullet, but survives because he "missed". (A case of [[TooDumbToLive Too Dumb To Die]], perhaps?)
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Radio]]
* "[[http://www.escape-suspense.com/2007/06/the_game.html The Game]]", which first aired on ''Escape'' and then on ''Suspense'', centers around two bored teenage boys who get drunk and decide to play this.
* It was a round on one episode of ''Radio/ImSorryIHaventAClue''. Including Tim trying five shots and being lucky every time, Barry firing over his shoulder and [[ButtMonkey winging Colin Sell]] and Andy Hamilton hitting ThatPoorCat.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* In the FightingFantasy world, "Kharéan Roulette" (also known as Knifey-Knifey, not to be confused with [[TheSimpsons Knifey-Spoony]]) is played with five retractable knives and one real one.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theatre]]
* Played by Fredrik and Carl-Magnus in ''ALittleNightMusic''. Fredrik ends up taking a bullet which merely grazes his head, which to Carl-Magnus is just not sporting.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Videogames]]
* Revolver Ocelot plays Russian Roulette with three guns juggled simultaneously in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3''.
** Also, Ocelot's Russian Roulette shows up in ''TheLastDaysOfFoxhound'' when the characters revisit his memories of the scene from the game. Later, he demonstrates the technique to Psycho Mantis, who is frustrated at not being able to figure out which chamber has the bullet -- understandably so, because [[spoiler:The Boss]] chose correctly during the events of [=MGS3=].
* The protagonist of ''IllusionOfGaia'' has to play a game similar to Russian Roulette with a set of wine glasses, one of which is poisoned, in order to get the necessary funds to buy desert transportation. Played with, since the protagonist has PsychicPowers, and the other player was suicidal.
* The Flash game [[http://www.newgrounds.com/portal/view/310598 "Pico vs. Uberkids"]] on Website/{{Newgrounds}} has VideoGame/{{Pico}} suggesting a game of "Rock Paper Scissors Roulette" to compete against the titular Uberkids. As you might expect, it combines RockPaperScissors with Russian Roulette, with the loser of the Rock Paper Scissors match having to try their luck with the revolver. The chamber is not re-spun between turns, so the chance of getting the fatal bullet increases as the game goes on, and if five chambers come up empty during a given round, TheGrimReaper appears over the loser of the next Rock Paper Scissors match. If Pico loses a Rock Paper Scissors match, he pulls the trigger ''twice'', because Pico is crazy.
* ''VideoGame/{{Killer7}}'' has a climactic game of Russian Roulette between school principal Benjamin Keane and BadAss assassin Garcian Smith. It doubles as Garcian's CrowningMomentOfAwesome, as well: [[spoiler: the gun is passed back and forth between Keane and Garcian, Keane growing constantly more frantic and Garcian remaining calm as ever, until 5 chambers have come up empty; it's the 6th chamber, and Garcian's turn. As Keane starts laughing, Garcian calmly puts the gun to his head, and pulls the trigger... and nothing happens.]]
--> [[spoiler:'''Garcian''': This gun holds ''seven'' bullets. I'm a professional. You can't fool me, old man.]]
** It has a rather weird beginning though. Keane promises if Garcian wins, Keane will tell him his secret to picking up any woman in the world. If he loses, Garcian has to kill the President. Think about that for a minute. Hint: [[spoiler:Keane doesn't keep his end of the bargain.]]
*** [[spoiler:Keep in mind that in Killer7, dead people seem to have a habit of not staying dead. And Keane does say the secret. It's just that....Well.....]]
---->[[spoiler:'''Keane:''' Oh, and by the way, women are all the same! *Bang*]]
* ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps'' features a game of Russian Roulette of the 1 round, 5 empty chambers variant between the player character and his friend Sgt. Woods. Forced to play at gunpoint by their Vietcong captors (in an almost shot by shot recreation of the aforementioned scene in ''Film/TheDeerHunter''), Woods successfully manages to survive one round (complete with a [[AtomicFBomb loud exclamation of "FUCK!"]] before pulling the trigger), before passing the gun to you while telling you "one chance". Your character, [[CrazyAwesome Mason]], takes the gun, raises it, and promptly [[spoiler:shoots the guard forcing them to play, takes his pistol, and shoots the other guards, all in one swift move.]]
* In ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyX2'', the revolver toting henchman of [=LeBlanc=] will instead play this with status effects, and it's always pointed at his enemy. The name of the attack is "Russian Roulette", but the attack is a spun barrel, then shot at one of the people he is facing, giving a random status effect.
** ''FinalFantasy'' in general has a recurring Blue Magic "Roulette", which is based on Russian Roulette: a random target is chosen on the battlefield from both friends and foes, and Instant Death is cast on that target.
* The Flash game ''Orange Roulette'' is a parody of ''The Deer Hunter'' (in movies) involving men with oranges for heads playing against each other. You can choose to try to shoot the opponent on your turn, but if you fail to kill them, you have to take a shot - and you're one pull closer to the bullet. You can also spin the chamber again once a game.
* ''VideoGame/TalesOfPhantasia'' has Cless engage in a variation of this game. There are two cups, one of which has been poisoned at random. Each person picks a glass, and they drink it. One of them will die.
* Only mentioned in ''VideoGame/TheWorldEndsWithYou'', but it's the first of at least four Reaper Sports[[note]]The other three mentioned, all played onscreen, are Hide-and-Seek, Player Hunt, and Tag.[[/note]], played by the undead staff running the Reaper's Game when simply earning points loses its shine.
* In ''VideGame/SpaceQuest V'', someone suggests Roger Wilco should "go play Romulan Roulette with a hand phaser or something".
* More than a few ''VideoGame/MarioParty'' minigames are just non-lethal Russian Roulette setups, typically with ten "chambers" and three "bullets". [[http://www.mariowiki.com/Pier_Pressure For example: ten fishing poles, three of which have painful sea urchins attached.]]
* In ''VisualNovel/SuperDanganRonpa2'', [[BornLucky Komaeda]] ends up playing a game of Russian Roulette with himself in order to solve a puzzle. Thing is, he doesn't actually know how to play... so he ''only leaves one chamber empty out of six.'' [[spoiler:He ''still'' wins, due to being SHSL Good Luck.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* In ''Webcomic/MenInHats'', Aram introduces Gamal to this game. [[http://www.meninhats.com/d/20040213.html He calls it "poker," though.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In the climax of part 4 of the Website/{{Newgrounds}} video ''MysticIsland'', the protagonist Sam is facing down Norm on a cliff, and threatens to shoot him with the gun that they set aside for "Russian Roulette" if their coconut supplies ran out. Unfortunately, the gun only has one bullet, forcing Sam to squeeze the trigger until the bullet reaches the chamber. When it does, [[spoiler:Norm takes the gun away and fatally shoots him, but he gets better]].
* FiveSecondFilms [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HSrCsz_96PA shows us the wrong way to do it.]]
* Website/{{Cracked}} [[http://www.cracked.com/video_18385_worlds-dumbest-movie-villain.html shows you how to play]] if you're TooDumbToLive.
* At least one recipient of a Website/{{Darwin Award|s}} attempted to play Russian Roulette with an ''automatic pistol''.
* [[Creator/AchievementHunter Ryan Haywood]] made a Russian Roulette ''room'' in [[LetsPlay/AchievementHunterMinecraftSeries Achievement City]] where a player gets locked in said room surrounded by dispensers and has to press a button. If a light in the room turns on, he is safe and gets released. If not, he is pelted to death with arrows and fire charges.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''FamilyGuy'' did this when deciding which guy would get their newly-won trophy.
-->'''Peter:''' I know how to settle this...Russian Roulette! Three bullets, last man standing gets the trophy. *puts gun to his head* Me first. No, wait, this is crazy... *gives gun to Cleveland* ''You first''.
** Another episode has a cutaway gag in which Carter forces Meg to play this in the car.
* ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'': "Ballot Box Bunny" ends with Characters/BugsBunny proposing [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_mr9zU99oU a game of Russian roulette ]]to Yosemite Sam after both of them lose a local election. Sam goes first, then Bugs, who puts the gun to his head as the picture irises out; a shot is then heard, after which the picture irises in again to reveal that Bugs missed and shot Sam. (Sam: "Ah hate that rabbit.") Perhaps unsurprisingly, this ending is rarely if ever included when the short is aired on TV.
** Maybe in the USA, but it was shown in Israel at least as early as the 1990s.
** In "Barbary Coast Bunny", Bugs is running Nasty Canasta's casino out of business by winning at ''everything''. A fed up Canasta pulls a revolver and suggests this; only for Bugs to spin the barrel and somehow cause coins to spill from the gun.
* In one ''KingOfTheHill'' episode, Dale makes up an excuse for coming home late:
-->'''Dale''': I was at the gun club, playing Russian Roulette.
-->'''Nancy''': Did you win?
-->'''Dale''': You're not really familiar with the game, are you?
-->'''Nancy''': No.
-->'''Dale''': Yes, yes I won.
* ''{{Archer}}'' has Malory claim that she blacks out and does foolish things when drinking absinthe. We then see a flashback where she plays one-on-one Russian Roulette in a dive bar somewhere in Asia while swigging from a bottle. "All right, you yellow bastards! Let's dance!"
** A flashback shows Sterling in the aftermath of a similar situation, but implies that he took the gun and shot the last other man.
-->'''Archer''': I can't believe you fell for that!
* In ''TheOblongs'', when Pickles became addicted to performing crazy stunts, Milo enticed her with a game of Russian Roulette with bullets in all the chambers in order to get her to an intervention.
* In, of all things, ''WesternAnimation/{{Rugrats}}'', this makes an appearance designed entirely around GettingCrapPastTheRadar and BlackComedy. Not visual, though.
-->'''Gramps''': Just got back from playing a game of Russian Roulette with the guys.
-->'''Stu''': Did you win?
-->(''Beat'')
-->'''Gramps''': You really don't know what Russian Roulette is, do you?
* To earn some extra booze money,[[{{Squidbillies}} Early Cuyler]] plays solo Russian Roulette with a 6-shooter and has spectators bet against him. He presses his luck [[TooDumbToLive a little too far]]:
-->'''Early''': All right! Who wants to bet I can't do it a sixth time in a row!
* In the animated ComicStrip/LuckyLuke movie ''WesternAnimation/LaBalladeDesDalton'', a retired poker cheater who has become a preacher is on the Dalton's killing list. He insists on ending his life with a last game, which turns to be the Russian roulette, and shoots himself in the head. [[spoiler: Of course, being a compulsive cheater, he loaded the gun with a blank]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Real Life]]
* According to Cecil Adams, the [[http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1353/did-the-russians-ever-play-russian-roulette original version]] of Russian Roulette might have been completely made up by an American in 1937; the original version may also have been one ''empty chamber'', rather than one bullet.
* [[http://www.darwinawards.com/darwin/darwin2000-04.html One Darwin Award winner]] lost a game of Russian Roulette, while playing with a ''semiautomatic pistol''. Those [[{{Unwinnable}} only have one chamber]], and are loaded with a magazine.
** The French call this version "Belgian roulette."
** There's also Landmine Roulette: take a drink, stomp on the landmine. Next guy drinks, stomps on the land mine. Next guy... [[StuffBlowingUp yeah.]]
* One JerkAss [[http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/sydney-news/court-hears-of-womans-russian-roulette-ordeal/story-e6freuzi-1225979015190 forced his wife into this]], except [[MoralEventHorizon when it was his turn, he merely shot in the air]]. Luck was on the woman's side, though, as she survived three misses and later escaped.
* There's also the drinking game version of this, where the bartender sets six glasses on the bar -- one has vodka, the rest are water. Which result constitutes "winning" depends entirely on your perspective. Another version has 6 shots of vodka, but one of them is hot chili flavoured.
* The drinking game known as "[[ShoutOut The Beer Hunter]]". Start with a six-pack, with one can shaken. Take turns opening a can under your nose or by your head. If it doesn't blow up, chug. If it does, you have to chug the rest of the pack. The book this came out of rated this the highest possible on the "you will toss your cookies" scale. ''Series/JamesMaysManLab'' later utilized a variant of it to test the MontyHallProblem.
* More proof that, regardless of the [[ValuesDissonance fundamental differences in our respective cultural mores]], the Japanese are [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotForKids just plain nuts]]: [[http://www.i-mockery.com/shorts/stupid-toys3/ It's Russian Roulette for kids!]]
** The American version is called [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crocodile_Dentist Crocodile Dentist]], in which children take turns extracting teeth from a crocodile until they hit the one sore tooth that will cause the croc to get fed up and chomp on your fingers. Teaching children that life is cruel and arbitrary since 1993! (Unless you cheat and test which tooth gives the most resistance, of course.)
* Mentalist Creator/DerrenBrown (no, [[DanBrown not Dan]], Derren) famously played a game of RussianRoulette on live TV. Derren has since publicly confirmed that the gun was holding a blank round. He has also pointed out that by pressing the barrel right against his temple and firing point blank, he WAS still in danger of being extremely badly hurt - possibly even killed, under rare circumstances - by the discharge.
** There are many less deadly variations. The most know is the "spike" which is knowed for have failed many time (DON'T type "[[SchmuckBait spike magic trick failed]]" in google!)[[note]]It is a variation on the old three shell game where the magician places a pea under one of three Shells, only instead of there being peas and Shells, there are styrofoam cups and ''metal spikes'', and instead of removing the cup they ''use their hands to crush the cups''![[/note]]
* [[http://www.firebox.com/product/6137/Instant-Regret-Chocolate-Roulette Chocolate Russian Roulette!]] Eleven chocolate bullets - and one chocolate-coated chili pepper.
** Nearly always sold out, too.
** And a similar one: {{Tsundere}} [[http://irregularbloggers.wordpress.com/2009/10/07/tsundere-cookies-more-tsun-than-dere/ cookies]]. Twelve cookies, and an entire ''ten'' laced with chili powder.
* In 1954 R&B singer [[http://raresoul.com/archives/723 Johnny Ace]] shot himself playing Russian Roulette backstage between sets of a Christmas Eve show in Houston. He died in the hospital on Christmas Day.
* The reverse of the Russian Roulette is the Josephus Permutation, according to legend, the Jewish historian Josephus found himself with 40 other Jewish rebels at the Seige of Yodfat. Right before their position was about to be overrun by the Romans, they decided to kill themselves via a elaborate suicide pact: everyone stood in a circle, and every third person gets killed (suicide is considered immoral in Judaism). This goes on until everyone's dead. The idea is to position yourself such that you are the last person left.
* In the Roman Army, mutinous or cowardly soldiers were rounded up and executed by "decimation", in which every tenth soldier was killed by his comrades, determined by drawing straws. Roman roulette?
* A New Zealand pizza chain called ''Hell's Pizza'' has "Pizza Roulette". It's a free add-on that laces one slice on your pizza of choice with two drops of "the hottest chili on the planet". Which one? Nobody knows until the poor sap bites into it. Their site even lists a ''disclaimer'' when choosing to order it. "It doesn't cost, but someone pays." indeed.
* According to TheOtherWiki, a Finnish magician called Aimo Leikas died doing this in front of a crowd, when a magic trick he'd been practicing all went wrong.
* Korean school children occasionally play a game with a local brand of bubblegum. All are lemon flavored, but one pack in each box super sour.
[[/folder]]

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