What Russians and those who lived in the former Soviet Union have to read. See also RussianRelaxing.

* ''Pravda'' - several papers have been referred to this way, we'll be focusing on the best known one, the paper of the CPSU. ''Pravda'' is Russian for "truth". [[http://community.livejournal.com/ihasatardis/703938.html#cutid1 ''Da, pravda''.]]
* In Soviet times the other main newspaper was called ''Izvestiya'', literally meaning ''News'' (In Russian there is no distinction between definite and indefinite forms of nouns, so the title could also be translated as ''The News''.) This inspired the following joke: "There are no news in ''Truth'', and no truth in ''News''".
* ''Krasnaya Zvezda'' (Red Star) - newspaper of the Soviet and now Russian military. Gave UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher her "Iron Lady" nickname.
* ''Komsomolskaya Pravda'' - in Soviet times, this was a youth counterpart to Pravda. In post-soviet times, it became a yellowish, quite pro-government tabloid.
* ''Novaya Gazeta'' - a supposedly independent newspaper with liberal (as in, old-school liberal, what Americans call conservative, not quasi-socialist) and pro-Western leanings.
* ''Rossiyskaya Gazeta'' - the official newspaper of the [[TheNewRussia Federal government]].

* ''Ogonyok'' - A weekly magazine running since 1899.
* ''Krokodil'' - Satirical magazine (1922-1991).
* ''Murzilka'' - Illustrated magazine for children printed from 1924 to this day.
* ''Vesyolie kartinki'' - Another illustrated magazine for children (1956-2012). Notable for having comic book stories featuring characters pulled from folklore, cartoons and books popular at the time (a crossover if you will).

!Notable literature
See also RussianLiterature.

* [[Creator/AlexanderPushkin Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin]] (1799-1837), considered to be the greatest Russian poet and founder of Russian literature. His most famous work is a novel-in-verse ''Literature/EugeneOnegin''.
* Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (1711-1765)
* Mikhail Yurievich Lermontov (1814-1841), also author of the novel ''Literature/AHeroOfOurTime''
* Andrey Bely (18801934)
* Alexander Blok (18801921)
* Anna Akhmatova (18891966)
* Boris Pasternak (18901960), also author of the novel ''Literature/DoctorZhivago''
* Osip Mandelstam (18911938)
* Marina Tsvetaeva (18921941)
* Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (1893-1930)
* Robert Rozhdestvensky (19321994)
* Andrey Voznesensky (19332010)
* Bella Akhmadulina (19372010)

!!The classics: The "Golden Age" et seq.
* Creator/NikolaiGogol: ''Literature/DeadSouls'', "The Overcoat", ''Theatre/TheInspectorGeneral''
* Ivan Goncharov: ''Literature/{{Oblomov}}''
* [[Creator/FyodorDostoevsky Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky]]: He wrote ''Literature/CrimeAndPunishment'', ''Literature/TheIdiot'', ''Literature/NotesFromUnderground'', ''Literature/TheBrothersKaramazov'' and many other books. He is considered by many to be Russia's greatest writer along with Tolstoy.
* Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy aka Creator/LeoTolstoy: He wrote ''Literature/WarAndPeace'', ''Literature/AnnaKarenina'', "Literature/TheKreutzerSonata", and many, many others. He heavily influenced UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi.

!!20th century: The "Silver Age" and the Soviet period
* Creator/IsaacBabel: Wrote ''Tales of Odessa'', ''Red Cavalry'', and other works.
* Creator/AntonChekhov -- yes, THE [[ChekhovsGun Chekhov]]. Wrote tons of short stories, of which perhaps the most famous is "The Lady with the Little Dog", and some legendary plays like ''Theatre/TheCherryOrchard'' and ''Theatre/TheSeagull''. Deemed heavily influential on Virigina Woolf and Creator/JamesJoyce, to mention just two.
* Mikhail Bulgakov: Wrote ''Literature/TheMasterAndMargarita'', ''Literature/HeartOfADog'', ''Black Snow'', ''[[Film/IvanVasilievichChangesProfession Ivan Vasilievich]]'', "The Fatal Eggs", and others. Living in early USSR times, he was proud enough to make fun of its ugly parts.
* Creator/AleksandrSolzhenitsyn: Wrote ''Literature/{{One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich}}'' and other works. Won a UsefulNotes/{{Nobel Prize|In Literature}} in 1970. He is not really wide popular in modern times, though. His name is often mentioned when 'crimes of communism' are discussed.
* Creator/VladimirNabokov: Wrote ''Glory'' and ''The Gift'' in Russian, as well as the infamous ''Literature/{{Lolita}}'' in English, among numerous other works and translations.
* Boris Pasternak: Wrote ''Literature/DoctorZhivago'' and many poems.
* Ilf and Petrov: 1920's-30's satirical writers. Authors of ''Literature/TheTwelveChairs'' and ''Literature/TheLittleGoldenCalf''.
* Creator/StrugatskyBrothers Arkady and Boris: Soviet era ScienceFiction writers. There are a number of films based on their writings. Their novel ''Literature/RoadsidePicnic'' inspired the video game ''VideoGame/{{Stalker}}''.
* Creator/KirBulychev: A friend of the Strugatskys, he also wrote sci-fi, most notably the Literature/AliceGirlFromTheFuture series. He is also a historian and wrote several educational books.
* Creator/IvanYefremov: Wrote ''Literature/ThaisOfAthens'' and the Literature/GreatRing cycle.
* Vainer Brothers: Detective novel writing duo. Authors of ''Series/TheMeetingPlaceCannotBeChanged'' and ''The Vertical Races''.
* Nikolay Nosov: a children's author from the mid-Soviet period. His most known work is the trilogy ''Literature/AdventuresOfDunno''.

!!Contemporary literature: Post-Soviet period to PresentDay
* Creator/SergeyLukyanenko, a popular modern Russian SpeculativeFiction author. He wrote ''Literature/NightWatch'', one of the most popular recent fantasy novels in Russia and his most famous work in the English-speaking world.
* The Literature/ErastFandorin series, the {{Reconstruction}} of Russian detective genre starting in late '90s.
* ''Literature/ArciaChronicles'', a HighFantasy novel series, and ''Literature/ReflectionsOfEterna'', a LowFantasy series by Vera Kamsha, who is sometimes called the Russian G. R. R. Martin.
* ''Literature/LabyrinthsOfEcho'' by Creator/MaxFrei. Another popular fantasy series.
* Creator/OlegDivov: one of the most popular modern Russian sci-fi authors.
* Creator/NickPerumov is probably the second most well-known after Lukyanenko; he is better known for his fantasy works.
* VictorPelevin: is something of an oddball. His works can be described as highly postmodernistic MagicalRealism. Think Russian Creator/GrantMorrison on even more drugs.
* Vladimir Sorokin: another postmodernist, who focuses on more grotesque and shocking aspects of Russian society. A few of his works have pretty offensive scenes, like scenes of coprophagia and rape, which became AllThereIsToKnowAboutTheCryingGame for his books.