[[AliceAndBob Bob]] makes candid comments to, or argues with, Alice, whom he doesn't know or has just met. Only later does Bob learn, to his chagrin, that Alice is the President/Queen/Boss/etc. In other words, Alice is the ''last'' person Bob should be acting like that in front of.

This tends to work best when Alice is a newly appointed authority figure, unbeknownst to Bob. Thinking of Alice as [[KingIncognito an equal rather than the boss]], Bob will [[FeeFiFauxPas let it all hang out]] in a way he never would if only he knew who it was he was speaking to. (MaliciousSlander is particularly dangerous, for obvious reasons.)

Often [[SubvertedTrope subverted]] by making it a SecretTestOfCharacter or setting up other circumstances under which Alice likes Bob's candor for some reason. For example, if Alice is unaware that Bob doesn't know, she may think this manifests WithDueRespect and commend him for it.

Compare RightBehindMe. Also compare ActuallyIAmHim; KingIncognito; ActuallyThatsMyAssistant; BecauseImJonesy. Some overlap with ImStandingRightHere.

----
!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Advertising]]
* The first advert in the 1990s UK Kenco Coffee campaign about the female Kenco executive started with a man and a woman in a lift. The man said he was a bit nervous, because he was starting work for the aforementioned executive, and had heard she was a bit of a dragon. Guess what happens next?
** Possibly a shameless lift from an episode of ''{{Cheers}}'', where Rebecca does this to a very short man in a lift who turns out to be the owner of the bar.
* A Twix commercial has a woman making several insulting comments about her boss to a new employee...only to discover she's the boss' daughter.
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S8O5wZAd2z4 A 1997 commercial for Coors Original]] (the yellow can) had a young guy tuning up his guitar at a bar (presumably warmining up for a set). An older man (somewhere in his seventies) wanders up and asks if he could see his guitar. ({bemused} "You play?" "I've been known to.") After stunning the younger man with a blues riff, the younger guy asks the older one's name.
--> "It's on your guitar." (It's ''the'' Les Paul).
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Anime]]
* At ''TheTwelveKingdoms'' when [[spoiler:Yoko joins the rebellion against herself]] (ok, technically against the official of the realm who ruled that part of the kingdom), by the state and royal armies. The look of the face of the generals of the royal army when they [[spoiler:recognize her]] is completely priceless.
** This often happens [[spoiler:while Yoko is in disguise]] and working with the other rebels; at various times they talk about the queen in angry or disparaging terms, having no idea [[spoiler:who Yoko really is.]] The look on ''their'' faces when they find out is hilarious.
* Early in ''GreatTeacherOnizuka'', Onizuka encounters a young woman being harassed by a creepy old man on a bus, whom he confronts and punches out. Not long afterward he finds out the woman is Fuyutsuki, who becomes the primary love interest, and heading the interview for the teaching position is Uchiyamada, the old man on the bus, complete with a bandage over his nose. Needless to say the interview goes poorly.
** It actually happens again when he has a candid conversation with an elderly woman in the school store. Turns out ''she's'' the superintendent who is so impressed with his passion and dedication she hires him over Uchiyamada's protests.
* Inverted in ''Manga/DragonBall Z'', where Goku is searching for the martial arts master King Kai and wrongly assumes twice that strangers he's met were the person he was looking for ([[IdiotHero One of whom was a woman.]])
* In ''MaiOtome'', this happens to Mashiro on a few occasions while she's going incognito, such as when she meets up with the similarly disguised Prince Takumi, or with Mimi [[spoiler:while fleeing Windbloom with the other refugees]]. Both those instances show how much the people hate her, and lead to her CharacterDevelopment and becoming a better ruler.
** In the manga, after Mashiro is going through a TenMinuteRetirement after punching Nagi for whipping Nina, he abandons his crossdressing disguise and encounters Nina. Nina tells him a little about her life experiences, including her desire to save people from poverty, and how she regrets harshly treating Mashiro for helping her. Then, shortly afterward, she sees the discarded wig and clothes and realizes not only the boy's true identity, but Mashiro's true gender.
* In ''Literature/TheHeroicLegendOfArslan'' {{Anime}}, after being imprisoned by Arislan's forces, Estelle/Etoile confides in the guard assigned to bring her food that she has heard that Arislan is evil. He responds by feeling the top of his head. When she asks him why, he replies that he's checking to see if he has horns. [[DontExplainTheJoke Because]] he ''is'' Arislan.
* In ''MoribitoGuardianOfTheSpirits'', one of the main characters, Balsa, and the group she is traveling with and protecting, is being pursued by authorities. While having lunch, she runs into a man who, upon being questioned, tells her about her alleged demise at the hands of the search teams looking for her. He then goes on to make up a story about how he met her in the mountains, and despite her great skill with the spear, managed to fight her to a draw. Balsa seems to take this humorously and with good spirit, most likely because in his version, it took a thousand men armed to the teeth to kill her.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comics]]
* ''BuckDanny'': Sonny Tuckson does it to the title character before finding out the latter is going to be his commanding officer.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fanfiction]]
* In Elecktrum's Narnia Fic ''[[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/3193599/14/They_Also_Serve They Also Serve]]'', Ilando, a visitor from Galma, unknowingly accuses Edmund of being a traitor to his face. Edmund, being a pretty decent guy by this point, takes it pretty well, but that doesn't stop Ilando from being horribly embarrassed when he finds out.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* ''TheEmpireStrikesBack'': Luke's patience is tested to the breaking point by a little troll who turns out to be Jedi Grand Master Yoda.
** Something similar happened in ''ThePhantomMenace'', too, with Padme dressing up as one of her handmaidens.
-->'''Padme:''' The queen will not approve.
-->'''Qui-Gon:''' The queen doesn't need to know.
-->'''Padme:''' (to herself) Well ''I'' don't approve.
* ''LawrenceOfArabia'': The officer who angrily shoves Lawrence to the ground in Damascus, thinking he's just a "dirty wog". Later, when he sees Lawrence in uniform, he rushes for the honour of shaking his hand, completely unaware he's the same person.
* ''LoveActually'': Colin walks up to Nancy, a girl at the wedding, and insults the food at length only to find out that she was the caterer.
* ''AnimalHouse'': One of the fraternity members starts making innuendos at a woman in the grocery store, who introduces herself as the dean's wife.
* ''Film/WingCommander'': Blair is sitting in the cockpit of a Rapier, when a woman suddenly standing next to the ship quizzes him on his dogfighting skills with a couple hypothetical scenarios. She is brutally honest in explaining why Blair's responses would only get him killed, leading to the following:
-->'''Devereaux:''' What's wrong, Lieutenant? Did I bruise your ego?
-->'''Blair:''' No, it's just that I'm not used to getting combat advice from a [[WrenchWench grease-monkey]].
-->'''Devereaux:''' ''[introducing herself]'' Commander Devereaux, Lieutenant. Your wing commander.
* In ''Film/MrsDoubtfire'', [[RobinWilliams Daniel]] complains at work about an extremely boring television program to who he assumes is another employee...
-->'''Daniel''': What kind of idiot kept this guy on the air for twenty-five years?
-->'''Lundy''': Me. ''[offering his hand]'' Jonathan Lundy.
-->'''Daniel''': Jonathan Lundy, General Manager, owner? ''[Lundy nods]'' I'm Daniel Hillard, former employee.
-->'''Lundy''': Maybe...
** Luckily for Daniel, Lundy agrees that the show is awful and he's there to announce that he's taking it off the air.
* A non-insulting variation occurred in the French movie ''Parlez-moi d'Amour'': A man heading to a job interview for a rich businessman has coffee spilled on his shirt, and in desperation asks another man to trade shirts with him. The man accepts, but turns out to be his interviewer and future employer.
* ''Film/{{The War Of The Worlds|1953}}'' (1953). A non-insulting version:
-->Sylvia: Ever hear of Clayton Forrester? He's top man in astro and nuclear physics. He knows all about meteors.
-->Man: You seem to know all about him.
-->Sylvia: [snip] They had Forrester on the cover of Time. You have to rate to get that.
-->Man: He isn't that good.
-->Sylvia: You don't even know him!
-->Man: I do know him, slightly.
-->Sylvia: What's he like?
-->Man: Well, he's like...[points to himself]
-->Sylvia: You don't look like yourself in that get-up, but I'm happy to meet you.
* In an outtake of ''FourWeddingsAndAFuneral'', Charles chats up a woman at a wedding by disparaging the catering. It turns out that ''she'''s the caterer.
** Although Richard Curtis managed to get the same gag on screen at last in ''LoveActually''.
* A classic example is in ''Film/TheyDiedWithTheirBootsOn'' on the life of General George Armstrong Custer. As our dashing hero (Errol Flynn) is on his way to meet his girlfriend's father for the first time, he gets into an altercation with an imperious old gentleman. Guess who the old guy turns out to be?
* In ''TheBadAndTheBeautiful'', Fred Amiel is hired to pretend to be a mourner at the funeral of former Hollywood bigwig Hugo Shields. He spends the entire funeral doing his own little ''MST3K''-style commentary about what a bastard the man was, little realizing that the man he's making the asides to is actually the deceased's son, ''Jonathan'' Shields.
* In ''Film/TheGodfather'', after Michael Corleone [[LoveAtFirstSight becomes struck]] with his future first wife, Apollonia, he stops with his bodyguards in village's bar, his bodyguard Fabrizio starts a conversation with the bar's owner describing the girl Michael saw and asking for information about her, turns out that the owner was her father, who angrily cuts him off and storms out.
* ''Film/{{Water 1985}}''. GranolaGirl Pamela Weintraub bumps into MichaelCaine in a floral shirt packing up the Governor's house and asks him for advice on how she should greet the big man. "You know how tightass the British can be." On realising that Caine is the Governor, she burbles her apologies, though the Governor isn't too bothered as he's rather taken by her.
-->'''Pamela:''' Governor! {{gasp}} I thought you were the moving man!
-->'''Governor:''' Baxter Thwaites. [[SelfDeprecation I am that tight-ass]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Jokes]]
* Stand-up comic Brett Butler tells a joke about a comedy routine she performed in England. According to the joke, after the performance Butler became embroiled in a ('''ahem''') colorful argument with a boorishly critical woman; as onlookers dragged the comedienne away they told her "You cannot speak to the Queen that way!"
* One man at an opera, to make conversation with the rich, important fellow next to him, said "Who is that ugly woman who just walked in?" The answer: "That's my wife." "Oh, no, not her; I mean that shocking monstrosity next to her." "That is my daughter."
* There is a joke that both uses and subverts this, involving a man listening to his boss speak.
-->'''Man:''' *turns to woman* This guy is a pompous fool.
-->'''Woman:''' Do you know who I am?
-->'''Man:''' No.
-->'''Woman:''' I am that pompous fool's wife.
-->'''Man:''' *in an imposing tone* Do you know who I am?!
-->'''Woman:''' N-no...
-->'''Man:''' That's a relief. *blends into crowd*
* A joke about a man trying to make the situation less awkward while dancing with a beautiful woman at a party.
-->'''Man:''' I really made a fool out of myself before.
-->'''Woman:''' Is that so? How?
-->'''Man:''' You see that man over there? The one with that disgusting wart on his nose? I commented on how the woman standing by the door was the fattest I'd ever seen. Turned out it was his wife!
-->'''Woman:''' *coldly* Oh, really. What did dad say then?
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* In ''[[Literature/VorkosiganSaga The Vor Game]]'' by LoisMcMasterBujold, the protagonist is assigned to a legendarily awful base, and blurts out "Just who is the incompetent that commands this place!" to someone he sees on a morning jog--who is of course the base commander.
** A similar thing happens in ''Barrayar'', in which a pair of young unfortunates cast all manner of aspersions on Count Aral Vorkosigan and his new wife... while seated directly behind the lady in question. She's amused until they start in on Aral's injured aide.
* In the children's novel ''King Matt the First'', the eponymous boy-king [[KingIncognito escapes the palace to join the army]] and witnesses older soldiers debating whether King Matt is a tyrant or not.
* In JamesSwallow's TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}} HorusHeresy novel ''The Flight of the Eisenstein'', Imperial forces enter the Eisenstein and demand that they stand down and identify themselves. All his frustrations overflowing, Garro says it's his ship and ''they'' will stand down and identify themselves. Then he realizes they have a primarch in their number. Who obeys his demands and gently asks permission to come aboard because they might be of assistance.
* Joanne does this in ''Literature/TheWalkerPapers'' series to her new boss, Morrison, by insulting him all over the place when he mistakes her car for another model.
* In one of the WW2 books by SvenHassel, a group of aristocratic German officers find an unassuming civilian in their office and proceed to ridicule him, until they discover he is a [[OhCrap notorious high-ranking Gestapo officer]].
* In ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals'', Glenda tells Countess Margalotta's librarian exactly what she thinks of the way the Countess treated Nutt. It's only after the woman's left that Glenda suddenly thinks "did she ''look'' like a librarian?"
** In ''Discworld/{{Mort}}'' the wizard Cutwell babbles nervously to his client about how his housekeeper says the new Queen is a real terror. Princess Kelli decides its probably kinder not to tell him who he's talking to until she has to.
** In a middle-class variation, the lodgers at Mrs. Arcanum's place in ''Discworld/TheTruth'' voice all sorts of misguided assumptions about who's writing the ''Ankh-Morpork Times'', never suspecting that they're sharing a meal with its founder. Subverted in that, while they're suitably startled to learn this at the end, they're more curious about the ''Times''' stupid filler-stories than its genuine news.
** In ''Discworld/FeetOfClay'' Mr. Catterail, a previously mentioned UpperClassTwit who writes angry letters to the Watch about how dwarves shouldn't be patrolling his street, complains about a golem that smashed a treadmill and wrote rebellious slogans on the wall. He has no idea that the watchman he's complaining to is actually Vimes, so he tries saying he's "a friend of your commander." This does not go well at ''all''.
* In the VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft novel ''TheShatteringPreludeToCataclysm'', Thrall meets a female orc upon his arrival in Nagrand who [[InsistentTerminology insists on]] [[AccidentalMisnaming calling him "Go'el", rather than Thrall]] and mentions that Greatmother Geyah has a student named Aggra (whom Thrall initially assumes to be male) who will teach him more about being a shaman. Finallly, the encounter concludes with the following exchange:
-->'''Thrall''': I look forward to meeting this Aggra.
-->'''Aggra''': You already have.
* Harry [[Literature/DresdenFiles Dresden]] gets one of these with the ''Summer Queen of Fae''. She explained that she engineered that as a test of character. [[spoiler: She was actually distracting him from the fact that the Lily statue was ''right freaking in front of him''.]]
* In the ''Literature/SwordOfTruth'', Friedrich very briefly gets one of these looking for the Lord Rahl. Subverted because, due to the D'Haran bond with the Lord Rahl, he's already fairly sure who just saved his skinny old posterior from Heart Hounds.
** Many of the people in Altur'Rang talk about the Lord Rahl as this mythical hero of the New World. So when he cleverly disguises himself as [[spoiler: Richard Cypher instead of Richard Rahl]], they have no idea that the Lord Rahl is their close personal friend and confidant, gathering them as his army in the fight for freedom. When they discover this trope, they apparently find the subject of who he really is ''supremely'' awkward.
** Jennsen sees the Lord Rahl from afar and watches him detonate a ''company'' of Imperial Order troops. Without seeing the magic. She decides she doesn't want to mess with this stranger. She's sworn to kill him.
* In the ''Manga/DeathNote'' {{Prequel}} spin-off novel ''LightNovel/AnotherNote'' when L asks Naomi Misora if Ryuuzaki was cool:
-->'''Naomi:''' No, absolutely not. He was creepy and pathetic, and so suspicious that if I weren't on leave, I'd move to arrest him the moment I laid eyes on him. If we divided everyone in the world into those that would be better off dead and those that wouldn't, there's no doubt in my mind that he'd be the former. [[SuicideAsComedy Such a complete freak that it amazes me he hasn't killed himself.]]
* The Polish book ''Osobliwe przypadki Cymeona Maksymalnego'' has the teenage protagonist meet a tall, lanky boy, who claims to be new to his school. The hero decides to scare this guy a bit and tells him the rumors he's heard about the terrifying new teacher who was assigned to their class this year. Guess who this newcomer actually turns out to be. He is a good-natured guy, though.
* A variant in ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' where Gandalf discusses Bilbo's mithril vest, and how he never told Bilbo how ''extraordinarily valuable'' it was, in front of Frodo, who is now wearing said vest.
* In the short story "Literature/TheCambistAndLordIron", Olaf would likely have expressed his argument that [[spoiler:the days of his king, Walther IV, were worth less than the days of one of his prisoners]] less bluntly had he recognized that [[spoiler:the eldest of the three judges he was addressing this argument to was that selfsame king]].
* In ''[[Literature/FirestarSeries Firestar]]'', a public school has just been turned over to a private company, Mentor Academies, due to poor performance. At the first meeting after the takeover, a number of teachers start complaining about the changes with a young woman they assume is a new teacher. A couple of weeks later, they discover that the "new teacher" was actually Mariesa van Huyten, the CEO of Mentor's parent company.
* In ''Literature/TheAnubisGates'', Doyle/Ashbless tells buddy Jacky about the young woman he'll be marrying the next month, Elizabeth Tichy. There are a few things Doyle doesn't know about Jacky, such as [[spoiler:that "he" ''is'' Elizabeth Tichy, disguised as a young man to hunt down Dog-Face Joe and avenge her fiance's death]], so he's more than a bit shocked at Jacky's furious response. [[spoiler:They manage to make it up and have a happy marriage thereafter.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* In ''Series/StillStanding'', Bill and his co-workers are goofing off at work when a college-age fellow calls them out on it. Not realizing that this kid is their new manager, they blow him off and continue goofing.
* One episode of ''Series/{{Nurses}}'' revolved around a rich woman who checks herself into the local hospital and [[AnnoyingPatient demands the royal treatment]], running the nursing staff ragged. The head nurse eventually gets fed up and tells the woman off; it is later revealed that the woman is the hospital's new Administrator.
* In ''TheTenthKingdom'', when Virginia has to defend Wolf at his [[KangarooCourt trial]] and decides to make a [[CourtroomAntic desperate claim]] that the man at the festival wearing the wolf mask the night before is the real killer, the Judge tells her that role always goes to "an unimpeachable member of our society." [[WhatAnIdiot Not seeing the warning signs]], Virginia really warms up to her accusation, calling the mask-wearer all sorts of nasty names--only to be told by the Judge that ''[[BecauseImJonesy he]]'' [[BecauseImJonesy was the one wearing the mask]].
* From the ''Series/{{Lost}}'' episode "The Other Woman":
-->'''Juliet:''' Harper hates me... I get the feeling that she is a mean and spiteful person.\\
'''Goodwin:''' She's my wife.
* In the ''Series/FawltyTowers'' episode 'Waldorf Salad' Basil refers to an antagonistic man who has just walked in as 'rubbish' to a woman he has just met. She then introduces him as her husband.
* The episode 'Fools for Love' of ''Series/{{House}}'' had House insulting a clinic patient. It backfires later when he discovers Tritter is a cop.
* The pilot episode of ''Series/TheWestWing'' has a subplot where Sam discovers that a woman that he met at a bar the night before (and subsequently slept with) is actually a prostitute. Later in the episode, Sam is forced to give a tour of the White House to the Chief of Staff's daughter's first-grade class. After giving ludicrously bad information to the class, the teacher pulls him out into the hall and berates him. The following exchange occurs:
-->'''Sam''': Ms. O'Brian, I understand your feelings, but please believe me when I tell you that I am a nice guy having a bad day. I just found out the Times is publishing a poll that says that a considerable portion of Americans feel that the White House has lost energy and focus. A perception that is not likely to be altered by the video footage of the President riding his bicycle into a tree. As we speak, the Coast Guard are fishing Cubans out of the Atlantic Ocean, while the governor of Florida wants to blockade the port of Miami. A good friend of mine is about to get fired for going on television and making sense. And it turns out that I accidentally slept with a prostitute last night. Now, would you please in the name of compassion tell me which one of those kids is my boss's daughter?\\
'''Mallory''': That would be me.\\
'''Sam''': You.\\
'''Mallory''': Yes.\\
'''Sam''': Leo's daughter's first-grade class.\\
'''Mallory''': Yes.\\
'''Sam''': Well, this is bad on so many levels.
* In the ''Series/{{NCIS}}'' episode "Headcase", Gibbs doesn't want a deceased Captain's wife to know [[spoiler:that the remains she was given by the funeral home may not, in fact, be her husband]]'s, so he spins a story about how he's being persecuted by the vindictive new female director. When the widow stops by the offices to check on things, guess who she runs into.
-->'''Widow:''' The new director has it in for him.
-->'''Jenny [[CaptainObvious (a.k.a. the new director)]]:''' He told you that?
-->'''Widow:''' Well, I've seen it before. When Parker was XO for one of the first female ship captains, the woman was a nightmare trying to prove herself.
-->''(Gibbs enters the room)''
-->'''Jenny:''' Special Agent Gibbs, I didn't know the new director was punishing you. She always seemed very fair to me.
-->'''Widow:''' Well you're a woman. She doesn't have anything to prove to you.
-->''[After the three of them talk, and Jenny overrides Gibbs]''
-->'''Widow:''' She isn't the new...
-->'''Gibbs:''' Uh huh.
* ''DropTheDeadDonkey''. PointyHairedBoss Gus Hedges starts ragging off at a woman in the lift with him who's apparently forgotten her ID card. It turns out she's an [[TheInspectorIsComing inspector from the government]].
* In a ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' sketch, Sarah Palin was scheduled to be a guest star along with lookalike Tina Fey. Gov. Palin was talking to the Producer when Alec Baldwin came in. He thought that Palin was Tina and started complaining to the producer about how that Tina would get hurt with Sarah Palin. After a few minutes of saying all the bad stuff about Gov. Palin, the Producer finally pointed out that they are talking in front of Sarah Palin and not Tina. Baldwin promptly started kissing up to Gov. Palin.
* The whole point of ''Series/UndercoverBoss''. Bosses go off and work on the front lines in disguise.
* In the first episode of the fourth season of ''HellsKitchen'', Gordon Ramsey spied on the contestants on the bus to the restaurant disguised as a contestant. The others talked about how they are going to impress Gordon and he will love them. They were shocked when Gordon revealed himself at the restaurant.
* Played for laughs in the ''Series/StargateSG1'' episode "Prodigy".
-->'''Colonel O'Neill''': General, I'd like to talk to you about this mission upon which we are about to embark. Seems a bit…ridiculous doesn't it?
-->'''General Hammond''': Have you met General Ryan?
-->'''[[AsHimself General Ryan]]''': Hello, Colonel.
-->'''Colonel O'Neill''': THE General Ryan? Chief of Staff?
-->'''General Ryan''': That's right.
* Happens in the episode of ''TheMuppetShow'' featuring Rudolf Nureyev. Sam the Eagle, pleased to have a "high culture" show for once, has the theater all decorated and everyone dressed to the nines to impress the guest star. In walks a young man in trendy casual dress, who Sam immediately and unceremoniously shoos out of the theater before he can spoil the ambiance:
--> '''Sam:''' Who do these hooligans think they are?
--> '''Kermit:''' Um...well, ''that'' one thought he was Rudolf Nureyev...
--> '''Sam:''' [[FlatWhat ...What?]]
--> '''Kermit:''' In-in fact, that ''was'' Rudolf Nureyev.
* In the 2001 Australian miniseries ''Day of the Roses'' an official from the Justice Department asks for the Coroner's office. Two men burdened with boxes of files say they're heading that way themselves, then ask for his help carrying the boxes. The official replies, "Get stuffed" and walks off, only to discover that one of them was the coroner he'd come to see.
* In an early episode of ''Series/{{Charmed}}'', Prue is in the elevator on her way up to a job interview, and talking to her sister on her cell phone. Prue is clearly trying to use a little reverse psychology to psych her self up for the interview, talking about how she doesn't really need or want this job and it doesn't matter how the interview goes. She then gets to her interview and finds that the owner of the company she's interviewing with was the man standing next to her in the elevator.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Religion and Mythology]]
* One Haddith tells of a woman who says to the kindly man who's helping her with her groceries that he should not talk about Muhammed, so as to not start a heated argument as she doesn't like the guy and his followers. After she gets home, she asks the Stranger his name. After he tells her that HE is Mohammed, she converts to "believe the nice polite man who helped with my stuff is a prophet of God"ism, and by extension Islam.
* There is a joke that mocks the materialism and status seeking of modern churches, that basically states that if Jesus Christ were to walk into a church dressed as he was in biblical times, he would be immediately shooed out for looking unkempt and wearing rags in "''The House of the Lord''".
** Even though that's exactly what Jesus says to do in the parable of the wedding.
*** Being a parable, he's not actually talking about clothing.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theater]]
* In the musical ''AnnieGetYourGun'', Annie refers to Frank Butler as a "big swollen-headed stiff", not knowing that the man she has just met ''is'' Frank Butler.
* ''[[Creator/WilliamShakespeare Henry V]]''.
* In ''Theatre/MeasureForMeasure'', Duke Vincentio of Vienna appoints his deputy Angelo as Replacement Dog Kicker and disguises himself as a friar. The "fantastic," Lucio, proceeds to slander the hell out of the Duke in front of the friar. Later, when the Duke returns, he slanders the friar in front of the Duke. This does not end well for Lucio, [[spoiler: whom the Duke sentences to a HumiliationConga.]]
-->'''Duke:''' Vpon mine honor thou ſhalt marrie her.
-->Thy ſlanders I forgiue, and therewithal
-->Remit thy other forfeits…...
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/FalloutNewVegas'', when you first meet the Yes Man, he can describe with great pride how he calculated the identity of the courier who was carrying the platinum chip in order for Benny to arrange an ambush for him/her. That courier happens to be ''you'', the player character who is shot in the head at the beginning of the game. You then have the option of saying this:
-->'''Courier''': I'm the courier Benny shot.
-->'''Yes Man''': Hahaha! I know that's not true, because you still have a head!
-->'''Courier''': I'm serious.
-->'''Yes Man''': Hahaha! [[OhCrap That's...not funny...you getting shot in the head]]. I really shouldn't have taken so much pride in how I set that up, huh? ...I feel really bad right now.
* In the game ''{{Primal}}'' the main characters, Jen and Scree, are met by a character who [[spoiler:proposes rebellion against the king of the realm they're in. Needless to say, his identity is revealed later. The two, however, feign loyalty to the villain, because Volca is a notoriously hostile realm, especially to outsiders. The king, however, is not amused.]]
* In ''VideoGame/TalesOfGraces'', Asbel breaks into Richard's room before he learns Richard is a prince.
* In ''VideoGame/TalesOfHearts'', Shing tells what appears to be a one-off NPC that she's the "most beautiful woman I've ever met" in the course of cheering her up. As soon as you leave town, she is revealed to be the Empress of basically the ''entire world''. This actually works out to the party's advantage, as Marin warms up to Shing, so while this pisses off TheAce Chalcedny, who is in love with her, in the short term, she's instrumental to his HeelFaceTurn later on.
* ''VideoGame/{{Halo 4}}'', this comes up in Spartan-Ops. [[TheCasanova DeMarco]] starts flirting with a female Spartan he just met. Then he learns she's his boss.
-->'''[=DeMarco=]:''' Paul [=DeMarco=]. I lead Fireteam Majestic.
-->'''Palmer:''' ''(with fake awe)'' Wow. A whole fireteam, huh?
-->'''[=DeMarco=]:''' I didn't… catch your name?
-->'''Palmer:''' Sarah Palmer. ''Commander'' Sarah Palmer. I lead ''all'' fireteams onboard ''Infinity''.
-->'''[=DeMarco=] (quickly stepping back in line, embarrassed):''' [[OhCrap Fireteam Majestic, commander on deck!]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/GirlGenius'', Zola delineates her plan to Gil(gamesh Wulfenbach), thinking he's just a {{pirate}} trying to loot the Castle.
-->'''Zola''': And no-one has to ''die''.\\
''wordless panel: Gil thinks''\\
'''Gil''': Except, of course, ''young Wulfenbach''.\\
'''Zola''': Well, ''duh''. We're not ''stupid''.
* In ''KevinAndKell'', Martha, after breaking up with Ralph over him having a teenage daughter, mentions this to the said teenage daughter at an online costume party (albeit one in which part of the point was to guess the person's identity). Corrie is apparently relatively understanding, and makes a good enough impression on her future stepmother that Martha and Ralph get back together.
* ''Webcomic/{{PHD}}'': Tajel hits on someone she assumes is a student, and then is told he's her new professor.
* In ''BobAndGeorge'' [[http://www.bobandgeorge.com/archives/001017c Roll makes it because she doesn't remember that on strip is in front of the Author.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/DrawnTogether'', Xandir, at a party full of gay people, meets VideoGame/PacMan, tells him that he knows that Pac-Man's ex-girlfriend and his girlfriend are good friends, and asks him not to tell VideoGame/MsPacMan about his orientation. Pac-Man then puts on a bow and tells him that "she already knows". Upon realizing that Pac-Man is also Ms. Pac-Man, Xandir decides to tell his girlfriend the truth.
* In ''WesternAnimation/GalaxyHigh'', Booey spends an episode trying to meet Mick Maggers. While on his ship, she meets a guy named James and talks about how awesome Mick is. Later, James reveals that he's Mick in disguise.
* On ''{{Jimmy Two-Shoes}}'', Heloise will show Jimmy and Beezy some cruel, evil thing in [[AHellOfATime Miseryville]], and they'll wonder aloud who could be evil and twisted enough to think it up. Naturally, it's Heloise. Equally naturally, [[InsultBackfire she's more flattered than insulted]].
* In an episode of ''TheSecretShow'', Victor babies and insults a child he has been assigned to defend, only to find out later that the kid is the leader of the organization he works for.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* A couple from ''Series/{{Noob}}'':
** Averted, in a scene that has the series StrawMisogynist finds out that his guildmaster used to be in his dream guild right before running into one of said guildmaster's female ex-guildmates. He gets told the woman is one of her guild's founders and can only wrap his mind around it by telling himself she must be the DungeonmastersGirlfriend (but keeps his tought to himself). Then it turns out that the woman ''is'' the one taking care of admissions. (He does end up making sexist comments about her out loud in her presence, but that involved RightBehindMe.)
** Played with during Sparadrap's first in-game confrontation with his brother, during which he says something along the lines of "You can't be my younger brother, he doesn't know how to play". Sparadrap is in one of the worst guilds of the game while his brother is in the best one.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Other]]
* In one video exercise for teaching French, two boys are talking with each other about a girl, whereupon one asks if she has a boyfriend, and the other gives a very flattering description the boyfriend, leading to this exchange.
-->'''Boy 1''': Too bad... who is it?
-->'''Boy 2''': It's me.
-->'''Boy 1''': Oh, excuse me and congratulations.
* Some job interviewing techniques can backfire badly because of this trope, as one [[TooDumbToLive job-seeker]] found out [[http://notalwaysright.com/inter-screwed/8762 the hard way]]. Most employers would presumably want to hire people more GenreSavvy or just plain civilized.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Real Life]]
* People with bad eyesight or people who cannot recognize faces for whatever reason often suffer from this, and can become more shy and friendly than they otherwise would around others.
* John Krasinski, of ''TheOffice'' (US version), stated in one of the show's DVD commentaries that when he first auditioned for the role of Jim Halpert, he struck up a conversation with another man at the audition and stated in passing, "I hope they (the show's producers) don't screw this up." The other man then introduced himself as executive producer Greg Daniels.
* In his autobiography ''About Face'', David Hackworth tells how he was talking on the phone to what he assumed was an officious and annoying clerk at the Pentagon. After calling him a "little prick" Hackworth discovered the man was Attorney-General Robert Kennedy, brother of President John F. Kennedy. Fortunately his (Irish American) commanding officer was able to smooth things over, but as he put it: "Of all the people!"
* Supposedly, Mark Twain once said "Keep your words short and sweet, for you may be forced to eat them."
* In the 1970's a group of Australian feminist activists set up the Elsie Refuge for domestic violence victims in Sydney, but were unable to get any government funding. Eventually the Minister of Social Welfare Bill Hayden turned up unannounced at the shelter, only to be curtly refused entry as no men were allowed on the premises, until the activists realised who he was and rushed out to bring him back (after Hayden talked to the women who'd taken shelter there, they did get their funding).
* See the Jesus example above. [[http://www.snopes.com/glurge/homelesspastor.asp Snopes.com]] told of a new pastor who did this and got the expected response. The congregation was ashamed. Furthermore, he actually had been living with the poor so as to empathize with their situation.
[[/folder]]

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