->'''Red Guardian:''' General Aleksander Lukin, under the authority of [[UsefulNotes/BorisYeltsin President Yeltsin]], you are hereby under arrest [...] for crimes of treason against Mother Russia.
->'''Lukin:''' Mother Russia? I'm sorry to tell you that I am all that is left of the true Mother Russia, boy.

How to have a RedScare villain without insulting the [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]] or the [[UsefulNotes/TheNewRussia Russian Federation]].

The Renegade Russian, formerly Renegade Soviet before TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, is or was a member of the Soviet/Russian military, government, or SecretPolice. They are involved in an evil scheme as either TheDragon or BigBad. However, there's one big caveat. Their actions are neither authorised nor condoned by the Kremlin. Indeed, the Kremlin may well be actively trying to stop them, at the time of the Détente in particular. If you're too bad for the Soviet Union, then you are ''really'' bad. While they'll likely be a GenericDoomsdayVillain in a Cold-War era story, they may well have Communist beliefs in a post-Cold War story, often trying to MakeTheBearAngryAgain. In any case, expect the renegade to be a former [[UsefulNotes/RedsWithRockets Red Army officer]] or [[UsefulNotes/MoscowCentre KGB agent]] in both eras. Also note that such characters may technically be from smaller republics of the former USSR, instead of Russia itself.

See also TheMafiya, another popular Russian villain group that similarly includes a lot of FormerRegimePersonnel. More broadly, compare RenegadeSplinterFaction and RogueAgent; nowadays you're also likely to see renegades from RedChina. Some works have also used renegade TerroristsWithoutACause arising from real paramilitary conflicts like UsefulNotes/TheTroubles or TheWarOnTerror, taking advantage of an convenient source of villains without delving into actual politics. And of course there's the tried-and-true technique of simply creating a FictionalCountry -- along the lines of {{Ruritania}}, {{Qurac}}, {{Bulungi}}, or a BananaRepublic -- to cash in on TheThemeParkVersion of a regional geopolitical situation while ensuring that NoCommunitiesWereHarmed.

Given the nature of this trope, it goes without saying that it doesn't really apply to actual Russian stories, where these would just be just generic villains.


[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* General Nikolai Alexandrovich Zakharov from ComicBook/ThePunisherMAX, is a low-key example. Its unlikely he'd ever openly move against the Russian government, but he despises The New Russia and its government, considering them traitors who threw away the sacrifices made for the Soviet Union and whored out the country for profit.
* In an issue of ''ComicBook/TeenTitans'', a Renegade Russian, who blames the USA for the death of his family, infects a young woman with a virulent plague and sends her to the US to spread it. The Russian government sends their superhero Red Star to stop her, leading to the requisite misunderstanding ([[LetsYouAndHimFight and superhero fight]]) with the Teen Titans.
* Batman once fought the "[=NKVDemon=]", a Russian SuperSoldier, when he tried killing the new Soviet leadership, starting from the bottom and going right up to Gobrachev.
** And a few years before that, the [=KGBeast=] went against his government orders to kill ten political targets, the last one being Ronald Reagan. He was also the [=NKVDemon=]'s mentor.
* "The Crossing Line", an old ''[[Comicbook/TheAvengers Avengers]]'' storyline by Fabian Nicieza, features a group of Soviet soldiers who have decided that starting a global nuclear war would be, uh, good for the economy. Not unreasonably, the Soviet government disagrees, and the official Soviet supers team up with the Avengers and ComicBook/AlphaFlight to take them down.
* Dr. Voronov in ''[[ComicBook/BlakeAndMortimer The Voronov Plot]]'' is a Soviet scientist who attempts to [[spoiler: launch a series of bacteriologic attacks targetting the Western Block, by using an alien bacterium which has just been discovered.]]
* Aleksander Lukin of the ''ComicBook/CaptainAmericaWinterSoldier'' arc was a high-ranking Soviet general disgruntled by the fall of the USSR. He uses his megacorp Kronas International to fund his secret mercenaries to commit acts of terrorism, hoping to weaken the US and revive the Soviet Union. In his first scene, Red Guardian attempts to arrest him on Pres. Yeltsin's orders, but Lukin murders him, [[KnightTemplar denying any treason]].
* A Chinese variant in ComicBook/IronMan villain the Mandarin, at least in his earliest appearances. While he lived in and occasionally helped Red China, it was made clear from his debut that he thinks himself above both Beijing ''and'' Washington, and he routinely humiliates the PLA officials sent to negotiate with him.


[[folder: Film ]]

* The ''Film/JamesBond'' movie series has had a few:
** Rosa Klebb in ''Film/FromRussiaWithLove''. (In the novel, she is explicitly working for the USSR.)
** Averted in ''Film/ForYourEyesOnly'', which is the only James Bond movie in which his enemy is a communist agent acting with the blessing of his government.
** General Orlov in ''Film/{{Octopussy}}''. A crooked and power-hungry officer, he wants to do his country an ''unasked'' favour by blowing up a nuke in Western Germany, but ends up getting shot by GDR border guards before Gogol can arrest him for theft and embezzlement of Soviet state funds (to pay the terrorists).
** Creator/ChristopherWalken's character in ''Film/AViewToAKill'' is a French millionaire installed by the Soviets. When he goes rogue, the KGB itself attempts to get rid of him. [[spoiler:After Bond finally manages to kill him, he is offered the ''Order of Lenin'' from Gogol]].
** General Koskov from ''Film/TheLivingDaylights'', who tries to implicate his boss, Pushkin, as one. [[spoiler:Pushkin then has him arrested and executed on the spot for double treason.]]
** General Ourumov from ''Film/GoldenEye''. Xenia Onatopp also counts.
** General Chang in ''Film/TomorrowNeverDies'' was to be conveniently delayed by traffic when Beijing was to be struck by a nuke previously stolen from a British warship, whereupon he would launch a coup and take command of the Chinese government. (In the novelization, the Chinese government sends their agent to find Chang, since he stole a high-tech radar system. He is later arrested for the theft and treason.)
** Valentin Zukovsky's nephew, the captain of a nuclear submarine, in ''Film/TheWorldIsNotEnough''. They had no clue about the real plan.
** Colonel Moon, a renegade from UsefulNotes/NorthKorea, in ''Film/DieAnotherDay''. Though he does gain the loyalty of the North Korean generals after the coup. (Except, oddly enough, Moon's father, an officer with a great deal of common sense.)
* Ramius and his officers in ''Film/TheHuntForRedOctober'' -- according to their government. Ramius planned to defect with his brand new hi-tech submarine, so the Soviet Ambassador fed the US government the Renegade Russian line to get them to sink him.
** In [[Literature/TheHuntForRedOctober the novel]], the Americans know that Ramius is defecting and the Soviets say they are conducting a rescue mission. They say the Kremlin will not use the renegade story, since it will indicate that the Soviet government has lost control of the military.
* ''Film/{{Telefon}}'' (1977). A KGB clerk, motivated either by Stalinist sympathies or an insane need to write his name in history, steals a list of ManchurianAgent saboteurs in the United States and tries to start WorldWarThree. An interesting twist in that the protagonist (played by Creator/CharlesBronson) is a KGB agent trying to stop him. A further twist is that his KGB bosses neglected to inform the new Premier of these agents, so they can't just get him to [[TreacheryCoverUp inform]] the Americans as they'll be for the chop.
* In ''Film/CrimsonTide'', the nuclear threat is from a Siberian separatist who hijacked a missile emplacement on the Kamchatka Peninsula.
* In the third ''TheLibrarian'' film, the main villains are these, hoping to revive Dracula and use him to create a vampire army to reconquer and restore the Soviet Union.
* ''Film/TheSoldier'' (1982). Renegade KGB steal nuclear material and, [[FalseFlagOperation posing as terrorists]], threaten to detonate an atomic bomb in the Saudi oilfields unless the US forces the Israelis off the West Bank.
* ''Film/TrueLies'': Renegade Middle Easterners? Sounds like Crimson Jihad.
* [[YellowPeril General Chan Lu]] from the remarkably silly ''Battle Beneath The Earth'' is an example of the Renegade Chinese version.
* The villains in ''Film/{{Salt}}'' are a group of KGB Communist hardliners that somehow outlived the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.
* Terrorists led by Ivan Korshunov in ''Film/AirForceOne''.
* ''Franchise/StarTrek'':
** Commander Kruge from ''Film/StarTrekIIITheSearchForSpock'', who unilaterally decides to take his ship to the Genesis planet, attack Federation starships and murder Federation scientists in an attempt to learn its secrets.
** Given that the Klingons are Cold War analogs, the renegade Klingon commander on ''Film/StarTrekVTheFinalFrontier'' counts as a sci-fi version of this trope.
** General Chang from ''Film/StarTrekVITheUndiscoveredCountry'', who is [[spoiler:plotting with other renegades from the Federation to prevent peace between the two powers]].
** The entire House of Duras in ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'', whose non-stop scheming eventually escalates into a full blown civil war where they try to take over the Empire. Obedience to the ruling authority doesn't seem to be the Klingons' strong suit.
* Inverted in ''Film/DrStrangelove'', whose villain is an American renegade who launches a nuclear attack on the Soviets without authorization.
* Ivan Vanko/Whiplash, to a certain extent in ''Film/IronMan2''.
* In ''Film/WildWildWest'', Loveless seems to find quite a few influential British, French, and Mexican allies to go along with his plan of dividing the United States and granting its land to its previous owners.

[[folder: Literature ]]

* A couple of examples from the ''Literature/AlexRider'' series of books, since they draw a lot of inspiration from ''Film/JamesBond''. Most notable are General Alexei Sarov from the third book, ''Skeleton Key'', Yassen Gregorovich, who appears in ''Stormbreaker'' and ''Eagle Strike'', and Nikolai Drevin from the sixth book, ''Ark Angel''.
* While Creator/DaleBrown novels often use [[MakeTheBearAngryAgain a remilitarised Russia]], ''Act of War'' and ''Edge of Battle'' has explicitly ex-military Colonel Yegor Zakharov and his men.
* ''Literature/RainbowSix'' has Dmitriy Arkadeyevich Popov, a former KGB intelligence officer who instigates terrorist incidents on behalf of the BigBad. [[spoiler:At least until he learns the truth of the plan, decides that EvenEvilHasStandards, and turns informer.]]
* In the prologue to the ''Literature/DeathLands'' series about an AfterTheEnd United States, a hardline communist faction called ''vseesozhzenie'' (terrible fire) tries to take out the US military and political command system by exploding three nuclear bombs in Washington D.C. during the Presidential inauguration, as a prelude to a nuclear attack. It [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt doesn't go well]].
* The BigBad in ''Literature/JamesBond'' novel ''Literature/DeathIsForever'' (which is set ten months after the dissolution of Soviet Union) seeks to restore international communism, and the book repeatedly posits the threat of people who won't give up on its ideology, and will continue to fight the west until the bitter end.


[[folder: Live Action Television ]]

* A few ''Series/MacGyver'' bad guys.
* ''Series/{{Jake20}}'' used this.
* ''Series/TwentyFour'' uses this from time to time, particularly when [[PresidentEvil Charles Logan]] shows up.
** [[spoiler:Before subverting it in the final season]].
* ''Series/{{NCIS}}'' has these ''everywhere.''
** As did parent series ''Series/{{JAG}}''. Most motable example is submarine captain Mikhail Yerastov, hired by Al-Qaeda in season 7, who wants to avenge his dead {{KGB}} wife who was killed by the {{CIA}}.
* ''{{Spooks}}'' has a very interesting variant in its tenth and final season. In this case, the renegades' endgame is [[spoiler:to trick Britain into attacking a Russian jetliner bound for London, [[MakeTheBearAngryAgain thus stopping a proposed Partnership and driving the two nations into war]] while simultaneously opening the way for the Ultranationalist Party to seize power in the Kremlin]].
* ''Series/TheLastShip'': The BigBad of the first season is [[InsaneAdmiral Admiral]] Konstantin Ruskov, who took his ship rogue and refused to return it to dock when the [[ThePlague Red Flu]] pandemic reached Russia, and is now seeking the cure as a means of creating a new world order. Though, since the Russian government and military have been wiped out, how "renegade" they are is debatable.
* ''Series/TheNewAvengers'': In the "K is for Kill" two-parter, Colonel Stanislav is a hardliner who is not happy with the thawing Cold War, and puts in a motion a scheme set up after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII in an attempt to trigger World War III.
* The 1989 TV movie ''Red King, White Knight'' has the KGB hiring a foreign terrorist to kill Premier Gorbachev to stop his policy of perestroika.


[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* The ''TabletopGame/GURPSTechnomancer'' setting has Russia in a civil war between the [[UsefulNotes/TheNewRussia Federal forces]] and rebels led by UsefulNotes/JosephStalin, who was [[NotQuiteDead never quite dead]], just [[KingInTheMountain sleeping and waiting]].


[[folder: Video Games ]]

%% * Zakharov in the video game ''VideoGame/ActOfWar''.
* The similarly-named Zakhaev in ''VideoGame/ModernWarfare''. Inverted in ''Modern Warfare 2'' when we learn that Zakhaev's movement actually does take control of the Kremlin not so long after [[LateArrivalSpoiler his death]], and the second game instead [[MakeTheBearAngryAgain makes the Bear angry again]].
** In the second and third games, we have Vladimir Makarov, one of Zakhaev's proteges. Interestingly, he is a renegade to the very government that Zakhaev fought to instate because they couldn't handle his radical ideals (which, ironically, is what their martyr fought for).
* ''VideoGame/CallofDutyBlackOps'' has Nikita Dragovich planning to disperse lethal biological agents in major U.S. cities in a plot that is hinted to be running without anyone in the Kremlin either approving or knowing the full details. Much like Volgin's case below, this is an example that takes place when the Soviet Union is still around.
* And again, the [[RuleOfThree also-similarly-named]] Zaitsev in ''VideoGame/{{Vanquish}}'', who initiated a coup in Russia with his [[MechaMooks robot army]].
* General Alexei Vasilievich Guba from the ''VideoGame/OperationFlashpoint'' series, particularly the first installment, ''Cold War Crisis''. The year is 1985, and Guba and his loyalist troops have launched an unauthorized invasion on a certain backwoods island chain sandwiched between NATO and Warsav Pact territory. They have 2 stolen nuclear SCUD launchers and intend to provoke WorldWarThree between the East and West Bloc (because Guba is deeply disgusted by Gorbachov's perestroika and the decline of the economic and military might of the USSR).
* Colonel Volgin in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3'', an interesting example as the Soviet Union is still around during [=MGS3=].
** Sergei and his daughter in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid2'' seek to make Russia a superpower once again, while Ocelot just [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder pretends to be affiliated with them]]. Though he does seem pretty disgusted with the state of post-Soviet Russia.
-->'''Ocelot:''' 20th century Russia had its share of problems, but at least they had an ideology. Russia today has ''nothing''!\\
'''Snake:''' They're struggling between freedom and order, and a new spirit of nationalism has been born.
** Subverted with the Soviet personnel in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidPortableOps'': They were doing exactly what the Soviet government told them to do on the San Hieronymo Peninsula (build a missile base), and carried on with the top-secret mission while suffering all the while specifically because they thought doing the mission under the Soviet government would greatly benefit Russia. However, when Detente came, and the Soviet Union experienced a policy shift, the Soviet government screwed them over, cancelling all shipments and cutting all communications with them, not even allowing them to come home specifically because they wanted to make it seem as though the Soviet soldiers were of this trope in case the missile base was ever discovered. Suffice to say, the soldiers weren't pleased at this development.
* In ''VideoGame/SplinterCell'', [[spoiler:General Kong Feirong]] and his faction of the [[spoiler:[[UsefulNotes/ChineseWithChopperSupport PLA]]]] provide another [[spoiler:Chinese]] example.
** ''VideoGame/SplinterCellChaosTheory'' gives us [[spoiler: a ''Japanese'' example in the form of Admiral Otomo and his ISDF faction.]]
* ''VideoGame/GoldenEyeWii'' upgraded its Renegade Russians to [[PragmaticAdaptation accommodate advancing the story to 2010.]] General Ourumov became an under-the-table arms dealer out of jealousy toward rich, post-Soviet era oligarchs, while Xenia Onatopp is a veteran of the 2008 South Ossetia War who left the Russian army and went mercenary.
* OlderThanTheyThink trope as far as video game plots go, actually, particularly for Mil Sims. "Red" Russian forces bent on restoring the old Soviet system by taking control of nuclear arms and facilities in Murmansk and the Kola Peninsula have served as the plots for the original ''VideoGame/GhostRecon'' game and the study combat flight sim Jane's F/A-18. Both games predate ''VideoGame/ModernWarfare'' by seven years.
* [[AcePilot Colonel Markov]], General Stanisgeslov, and [[spoiler:Major Illich]] from ''VideoGame/AceCombatAssaultHorizon'', whose coup forces against the Russian government of 2016 are called the New Russian Federation (NRF).
* Red Ivan from ''Videogame/EvilGenius'' is an ex-Soviet commando who was exiled to a gulag for having a sadistic streak that [[EvenEvilHasStandards even his old Soviet taskmasters found distasteful]]. Being betrayed left him disillusioned with Communism, but he also retains his hatred of western politics, making him the perfect tool for an Evil Genius out to cause global chaos.
* Modern military shooter spoof and ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}'' mod ''VideoGame/CallOfDooty'' parodies this. The player is clearly just fighting the same zombies, imps and demons from the core game, but the map designer just slapped a few hammer-and-sickles on the maps, while every character swears up and down that they're actually fighting Russians (on Phobos.)


[[folder: Web Original ]]

* ''Literature/{{Sapphire}}'': Boris Rubanenko. Officially, he pledges allegiance to the Soviet Union. [[spoiler:However, in Episode I, he plans to nuke the West AND East indiscriminately, so that both sides will be weak enough for a Psychic takeover.]]
** [[spoiler:Not to mention trying to start ''another'' war between North Korea and Japan in Episode II, plus whatever he has up his sleeve for Episode III...]]


[[folder: Real Life ]]

* The group of military officers and KGB leaders who tried to depose Gorbachev in 1991.
* The second-latest addition to Russia's terror blacklist (February 2015) is a "People's militia named after Minin and Pozharskiy". Naming itself after the founders of an actual mass rebellion against foreign intervention in the early 1610s, it intended to combat the "Western invasion" and "corrupt and traitorous elites", including UsefulNotes/VladimirPutin himself, apparently. Based on the court charges filed against individual members in 2011-2012, a group spearheaded by GRU and paratroop veterans planned to stage an armed insurrection in Yekaterinburg and Kovrov, sabotaging most of the civic infrastructure with the small strike groups they'd formed, while also gunning down any rabbi they could get in range of.