How to have a RedScare villain without insulting the Soviet Union or the Russian Federation.

The RenegadeRussian, formerly Renegade Soviet before TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, is (or was) a member of the Soviet/Russian military, government, or SecretPolice. They are involved in an evil scheme, as either TheDragon or BigBad. They may well have Communist beliefs.

However, there's one big caveat. Their actions are neither authorised nor condoned by the Kremlin. Indeed, the Kremlin may well be actively trying to stop them, at the time of the Détente in particular. If you're too bad for the Soviet Union, then you are ''really'' bad.

This sort of villain may also be used in post-Cold War stories (usually as an ex-KGB or Russian army official gone rogue, who may or may not be trying to bring back the Soviet Union).

Note that it is also possible to have [[YellowPeril Renegade Chinese]] and in today's context, [[TerroristsWithoutACause Renegade Middle Easterners]].

Some works have also used Renegade IRA in a (mostly unsuccessful) attempt to have WesternTerrorists without getting into TheIrishQuestion.

Compare RenegadeSplinterFaction. See also TheMafiya, another popular Russian villain group. RogueAgent is an individual version of this trope.
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!!Examples:

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[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* In an issue of ''ComicBook/TeenTitans'', a Renegade Russian, who blames the USA for the death of his family, infects a young woman with a virulent plague and sends her to the US to spread it. The Russian government sends their superhero Red Star to stop her, leading to the requisite misunderstanding ([[LetsYouAndHimFight and superhero fight]]) with the Teen Titans.
* Batman once fought the "[=NKVDemon=]", a Russian SuperSoldier, when he tried killing the new Soviet leadership, starting from the bottom and going right up to Gobrachev.
** And a few years before that, the [=KGBeast=] went against his government orders to kill ten political targets, the last one being Ronald Reagan. He was also the [=NKVDemon=]'s mentor.
* "The Crossing Line", an old ''[[Comicbook/TheAvengers Avengers]]'' storyline by Fabian Nicieza, features a group of Soviet soldiers who have decided that starting a global nuclear war would be, uh, good for the economy. Not unreasonably, the Soviet government disagrees, and the official Soviet supers team up with the Avengers and ComicBook/AlphaFlight to take them down.
* Dr. Voronov in ''[[ComicBook/BlakeAndMortimer The Voronov Plot]]'' is a Soviet scientist who attempts to [[spoiler: launch a series of bacteriologic attacks targetting the Western Block, by using an alien bacterium which has just been discovered.]]

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[[folder: Film ]]

* The ''Film/JamesBond'' movie series has had a few:
** Rosa Klebb in ''Film/FromRussiaWithLove''. (In the novel, she is explicitly working for the USSR.)
** General Orlov in ''Film/{{Octopussy}}''. He wants to do his country an ''unasked'' favour by blowing up a nuke in Western Germany, but ends up getting shot by GDR border guards before Gogol can arrest him for theft and embezzlement of Soviet state funds (to pay the terrorists).
** Creator/ChristopherWalken's character in ''Film/AViewToAKill'' is a French millionaire installed by the Soviets. When he goes rogue, the KGB itself attempts to get rid of him. [[spoiler:After Bond finally manages to kill him, he is offered the ''Order of Lenin'' from Gogol]].
** General Koskov from ''Film/TheLivingDaylights'', who tries to implicate his boss, Pushkin, as one. [[spoiler:Pushkin then has him arrested and executed on the spot for double treason.]]
** General Ourumov from ''Film/GoldenEye''. Xenia Onatopp also counts.
** General Chang in ''Film/TomorrowNeverDies'' was to be conveniently delayed by traffic when Beijing was to be struck by a nuke previously stolen from a British warship, whereupon he would launch a coup and take command of the Chinese government.
*** In the novelization, the Chinese government sends their agent to find Chang, since he stole a high-tech radar system. He is later arrested for the theft and treason.
** Valentin Zukovsky's nephew, the captain of a nuclear submarine, in ''Film/TheWorldIsNotEnough''.
*** He and Zukovsky thought they were smuggling; they had no clue about the real plan.
** Colonel Moon, a renegade North Korean, in ''Film/DieAnotherDay''.
*** Moon does gain the loyalty of the North Korean generals after the coup.
** In fact, there is only one James Bond movie in which his enemy is a communist agent acting with the blessing of his government: ''Film/ForYourEyesOnly''.
* Ramius and his officers in ''Film/TheHuntForRedOctober'' -- according to their government. Ramius planned to defect with his brand new hi-tech submarine, so the Soviet Ambassador fed the US government the RenegadeRussian line to get them to sink him.
** In [[Literature/TheHuntForRedOctober the novel]], the Americans know that Ramius is defecting and the Soviets say they are conducting a rescue mission. They say the Kremlin will not use the renegade story, since it will indicate that the Soviet government has lost control of the military.
* ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telefon_(film) Telefon]]'' (1977). A KGB clerk, motivated either by Stalinist sympathies or an insane need to write his name in history, steals a list of ManchurianAgent saboteurs in the United States and tries to start WorldWarThree. An interesting twist in that the protagonist (played by Creator/CharlesBronson) is a KGB agent trying to stop him. A further twist is that his KGB bosses neglected to inform the new Premier of these agents, so they can't just get him to [[TreacheryCoverUp inform]] the Americans as they'll be for the chop.
* In ''Film/CrimsonTide'', the nuclear threat is from a Siberian separatist who hijacked a missile emplacement on the Kamchatka Peninsula.
* In the third ''TheLibraria''n film, the main villains are these.
* ''The Soldier'' (1982). Renegade KGB steal nuclear material and, [[FalseFlagOperation posing as terrorists]], threaten to detonate an atomic bomb in the Saudi oilfields unless the US forces the Israelis off the West Bank.
* Renegade Middle Easterners? Sounds like [[Film/TrueLies Crimson Jihad]].
* [[YellowPeril General Chan Lu]] from the remarkably silly ''Battle Beneath The Earth'' is an example of the Renegade Chinese version.
* The villains in ''Film/{{Salt}}'' are a group of KGB Communist hardliners that somehow outlived the ColdWar.
* Terrorists led by Ivan Korshunov in ''UsefulNotes/AirForceOne''.
* Given that the Klingons are Cold War analogs, the renegade Klingon commander on ''Film/StarTrekVTheFinalFrontier'' counts as a sci-fi version of this trope.
* Inverted in ''DrStrangelove'', whose villain is an American renegade who launches a nuclear attack on the Soviets without authorization.
* Ivan Vanko/Whiplash, to a certain extent in ''Film/IronMan2''.

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* A couple of examples from the ''Literature/AlexRider'' series of books, since they draw a lot of inspiration from ''Film/JamesBond''. Most notable are General Alexei Sarov from the third book, ''Skeleton Key'', Yassen Gregorovich, who appears in ''Stormbreaker'' and ''Eagle Strike'', and Nikolai Drevin from the sixth book, ''Ark Angel''.
* While DaleBrown novels often use [[MakeTheBearAngryAgain a remilitarised Russia]], ''Act of War'' and ''Edge of Battle'' has explicitly ex-military Colonel Yegor Zakharov and his men.
* ''Literature/RainbowSix'' has Dmitriy Arkadeyevich Popov, a former KGB intelligence officer who instigates terrorist incidents on behalf of the BigBad. [[spoiler:At least until he learns the truth of the plan, decides that EvenEvilHasStandards, and turns informer.]]
* In the prologue to the ''Literature/DeathLands'' series about an AfterTheEnd United States, a hardline communist faction called ''vseesozhzenie'' (terrible fire) tries to take out the US military and political command system by exploding three nuclear bombs in Washington D.C. during the Presidential inauguration, as a prelude to a nuclear attack. It [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt doesn't go well]].
* The BigBad in ''Literature/JamesBond'' novel ''Literature/DeathIsForever'' (which is set ten months after the dissolution of Soviet Union) seeks to restore international communism, and the book repeatedly posits the threat of people who won't give up on its ideology, and will continue to fight the west until the bitter end.

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[[folder: Live Action Television ]]

* A few ''Series/MacGyver'' bad guys.
* ''Series/{{Jake20}}'' used this.
* ''Series/TwentyFour'' uses this from time to time, particularly when [[PresidentEvil Charles Logan]] shows up.
** [[spoiler:Before subverting it in the final season]].
* ''Series/{{NCIS}}'' has these ''everywhere.''
** As did parent series ''Series/{{JAG}}''. Most motable example is submarine captain Mikhail Yerastov, hired by Al-Qaeda in season 7, who wants to avenge his dead {{KGB}} wife who was killed by the {{CIA}}.
* ''{{Spooks}}'' has a very interesting variant in its tenth and final season. In this case, the renegades' endgame is [[spoiler:to trick Britain into attacking a Russian jetliner bound for London, [[MakeTheBearAngryAgain thus stopping a proposed Partnership and driving the two nations into war]] while simultaneously opening the way for the Ultranationalist Party to seize power in the Kremlin]].

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[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* The {{GURPS}} setting ''Technomancer'' has Russia in a civil war between the [[TheNewRussia Federal forces]] and rebels led by JosephStalin, who was [[NotQuiteDead never quite dead]], just [[KingInTheMountain sleeping and waiting]].

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

* Zakharov in the video game ''ActOfWar''.
* The similarly-named Zakhaev in ''VideoGame/ModernWarfare''. Inverted in ''Modern Warfare 2'' when we learn that Zakhaev's movement actually does take control of the Kremlin not so long after [[spoiler:his death]], and the second game instead [[MakeTheBearAngryAgain makes the Bear angry again]]. ''Black Ops'' has Nikita Dragovich planning to disperse lethal biological agents in major U.S. cities in a plot that is hinted to be running without anyone in the Kremlin either approving or knowing the full details.
* And again, the [[RuleOfThree also-similarly-named]] Zaitsev in ''VideoGame/{{Vanquish}}'', who initiated a coup in Russia with his [[MechaMooks robot army]].
* General Alexei Vasilievich Guba from the ''OperationFlashpoint'' series, particularly the first installment, ''Cold War Crisis''. The year is 1985, and Guba and his loyalist troops have launched an unauthorized invasion on a certain backwoods island chain sandwiched between NATO and Warsav Pact territory. They have 2 stolen nuclear SCUD launchers and intend to provoke WorldWarThree between the East and West Bloc (because Guba is deeply disgusted by Gorbachov's perestroika and the decline of the economic and military might of the USSR).
* Colonel Volgin in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3'', an interesting example as the Soviet Union is still around during [=MGS3=].
** Sergei and his daughter in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid2'' seek to make Russia a superpower once again, while Ocelot just [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder pretends to be affiliated with them]]. Though he does seem pretty disgusted with the state of post-Soviet Russia.
-->'''Ocelot:''' 20th century Russia had its share of problems, but at least they had an ideology. Russia today has ''nothing''!\\
'''Snake:''' They're struggling between freedom and order, and a new spirit of nationalism has been born.
** Subverted with the Soviet personnel in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidPortableOps'': They were doing exactly what the Soviet government told them to do on the San Hieronymo Peninsula (build a missile base), and carried on with the top-secret mission while suffering all the while specifically because they thought doing the mission under the Soviet government would greatly benefit Russia. However, when Detente came, and the Soviet Union experienced a policy shift, the Soviet government screwed them over, cancelling all shipments and cutting all communications with them, not even allowing them to come home specifically because they wanted to make it seem as though the Soviet soldiers were of this trope in case the missile base was ever discovered. Suffice to say, the soldiers weren't pleased at this development.
* In ''VideoGame/SplinterCell'', [[spoiler:General Kong Feirong]] and his faction of the [[spoiler:[[ChineseWithChopperSupport PLA]]]] provide another [[spoiler:Chinese]] example.
** ''Splinter Cell: Chaos Theory'' gives us [[spoiler: a ''Japanese'' example in the form of Admiral Otomo and his ISDF faction.]]
* ''VideoGame/GoldenEyeWii'' upgraded its Renegade Russians to [[PragmaticAdaptation accommodate advancing the story to 2010.]] General Ourumov became an under-the-table arms dealer out of jealousy toward rich, post-Soviet era oligarchs, while Xenia Onatopp is a veteran of the 2008 South Ossetia War who left the Russian army and went mercenary.
* OlderThanTheyThink trope as far as video game plots go, actually, particularly for Mil Sims. "Red" Russian forces bent on restoring the old Soviet system by taking control of nuclear arms and facilities in Murmansk and the Kola Peninsula have served as the plots for the original GhostRecon game and the study combat flight sim Jane's F/A-18. Both games predate ModernWarfare by seven years.
* [[AcePilot Colonel Markov]], General Stanisgeslov, and [[spoiler:Major Illich]] from ''AceCombatAssaultHorizon'', whose coup forces against the Russian government of 2016 are called the New Russian Federation (NRF).
* Red Ivan from ''Videogame/EvilGenius'' is an ex-Soviet commando who was exiled to a gulag for having a sadistic streak that [[EvenEvilHasStandards even his old Soviet taskmasters found distasteful]]. Being betrayed left him disillusioned with Communism, but he also retains his hatred of western politics, making him the perfect tool for an Evil Genius out to cause global chaos.
* Modern military shooter spoof and ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}'' mod ''VideoGame/CallOfDooty'' parodies this. The player is clearly just fighting the same zombies, imps and demons from the core game, but the map designer just slapped a few hammer-and-sickles on the maps, while every character swears up and down that they're actually fighting Russians (on Phobos.)

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[[folder: Web Original ]]

* ''Literature/{{Sapphire}}'': Boris Rubanenko. Officially, he pledges allegiance to the Soviet Union. [[spoiler:However, in Episode I, he plans to nuke the West AND East indiscriminately, so that both sides will be weak enough for a Psychic takeover.]]
** [[spoiler:Not to mention trying to start ''another'' war between North Korea and Japan in Episode II, plus whatever he has up his sleeve for Episode III...]]

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[[folder: Real Life ]]

* The group of military officers and KGB leaders who tried to depose Gorbachev in 1991.
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