%% Image and caption selected per Image Pickin' thread: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=1337280334061540100
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[[quoteright:325:[[ComicBook/MonicasGang http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ReferenceOverdosed_323_675.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:325:All the blue fictional people that could have been in Creator/JamesCameron's ''Film/{{Avatar}}''.[[note]]'''On the top from left to right, going up:''' Franchise/TheSmurfs, [[WesternAnimation/{{Rio}} Blu]], [[Franchise/{{Pokemon}} Squirtle]], [[WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends Bloo]], a [[Franchise/GreenLantern Guardian of the Universe]], a blue Franchise/{{Care Bear|s}}, [[WesternAnimation/TheHuckleberryHoundShow Huckleberry Hound]], [[VideoGame/PacMan Inky]], [[WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures Buster Bunny]], Franchise/{{Sonic|TheHedgehog}}, [[WesternAnimation/TheJetsons Rosie the Robot]], [[WesternAnimation/DynomuttDogWonder The Blue Falcon]], WesternAnimation/{{Captain Planet|AndThePlaneteers}}, ComicBook/BlueBeetle (Ted Kord), [[Series/SesameStreet Cookie Monster]], WesternAnimation/{{Freakazoid}}, [[ComicBook/{{Watchmen}} Dr. Manhattan]], [[WesternAnimation/WileECoyoteAndTheRoadrunner The Roadrunner]], WesternAnimation/{{Pocoyo}}, [[Franchise/StarWars Aayla Secura]], [[Disney/LiloAndStitch Stitch]], and [[Franchise/XMen Nightcrawler]]. '''Center row:''' [[http://static.cineclick.com.br/uploads/imagens/365x260/129816.jpg two]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blu_(comic_strip_character)&pe=1& characters]] [[MythologyGag from the regular comic]], [[WesternAnimation/ABugsLife Flik]], WesternAnimation/TheBlueRacer, [[Franchise/StarWars Max Rebo]]. '''Third row:''' [[Franchise/TheMuppets Gonzo]], the [[WesternAnimation/TheAntAndTheAardvark Aardvark]], a blue Franchise/{{Power Ranger|s}}, the [[Disney/{{Aladdin}} Genie]], [[WesternAnimation/MonstersVsAliens B.O.B.]], [[WesternAnimation/{{Superfriends}} Gleek]], a [[WesternAnimation/YellowSubmarine Blue Meanie]], and WesternAnimation/JabberJaw.[[/note]]]]

->"''Is it just me or am I making a lot of references in this episode?''"
-->-- '''Linkara''', ''WebVideo/AtopTheFourthWall''

Any work where the {{Homage}}s and [[ShoutOut Shout-Outs]] are too numerous to count. Basically, if there are enough references to make a [=ShoutOut/=] sub-page, the work is overdosed.

Often these are fan works or comedies (goes triple if the series is a {{Long Runner|s}}), since it would be distracting to have so many of these in more serious works, save for comic relief moments.

But even in the appropriate works, how well this is done depends on most of the references being done well. If a work overestimates the audience's knowledge this might overlap to ViewersAreGeniuses. This sometimes works: those who are familiar with the references will enjoy it. The references can even turn into multiple {{Genius Bonus}}es.
And those who are unfamiliar with it might be encouraged to look up more information about the reference in order to understand it. That way they feel challenged and rewarded for their effort and grow along with the creator. But in instances where too much stuff just flies over the audience's heads the general public could feel alienated and lose interest.

If a work mostly consists of stuff referencing other stuff the dangerous border to blatant UsefulNotes/{{Plagiarism}} and/or sheer uninspiredness might be crossed. The audience might even feel as if it's just watching/listening/reading a scene by scene rehash of other, more original works.

A SuperTrope to SpeaksInShoutOuts, which is where a single character within a work has this as a characteristic.

Compare CastOfExpies, TropeOverdosed, {{Pastiche}}, FountainOfMemes, ContinuityCavalcade. This can easily turn the work into an UnintentionalPeriodPiece if most of the references are to contemporary, ephemeral topics.



* [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OCXr7ECpGQg The ad for Pepsi Minis]].

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Anime/AnimeGataris''
* ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'': While the actual series keeps musical references to a minimum, every chapter title since the series began is either the title of a song, the name of a band, or a line of lyrics, usually slightly modified. Bear in mind that as a {{Long Runner|s}}, ''Bleach'' is well over 500 chapters long, meaning it has at ''least'' that many musical references.
* ''Manga/BoboboboBobobo'' has so many Japanese pop-cultural references that trying to find and explain every single one will make your head spin. A large portion of the instantly recognizable ones are references and spoofs of either ''Manga/{{Kinnikuman}}'' or ''Manga/DragonBall''.
* The anime for ''LightNovel/CatPlanetCuties''
* ''Anime/DigimonXrosWars'', to the point it needs [[ShoutOut/DigimonXrosWars a separate page for its examples.]]
* Anything with a name in ''Anime/EurekaSeven'' is a reference to something, usually music-related (with American cinema being the next most frequent source). This includes episode titles, which, except for one, are all song titles...
* ''Anime/ExcelSaga''
* ''Anime/{{FLCL}}''
* ''Manga/{{Genshiken}}''
* ''Manga/{{Gintama}}'' makes references ''constantly'', and has devoted entire chapters and even story arcs to them at times.
* ''Anime/GreenVsRed'' was made to celebrate Lupin III's 40th anniversary, and it shows: there are countless references to other films, episodes and everything related to the character, including the original manga and even a nod to Taito who made the very first Lupin video game in 1980.
* While it's always been a tradition for some HumongousMecha designs in ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' shows to riff on ones from previous series, ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEEDDestiny Gundam SEED Destiny]]'' cranks it to the max. The best example is probably the colossal Destroy Gundam, a [[Anime/MobileSuitZetaGundam Psyco Gundam]] knockoff that turns into a [[Anime/MobileSuitGundam Big Zam]].
** Not to be outdone, ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamAGE'' is also this, with multitudes of {{ShoutOut}}s to previous animated series inside, and sometimes outside, of the franchise.
*** ''AGE'' even gets a bit {{Meta}} with its references, as mobile suits will often have specs borrowed directly from their closest Universal Century counterpart. For example, the Gundam AGE-1 has the same height and weight figures as the original Gundam, the AGE-2 is comparable to the Zeta Gundam, etc.
** ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamUnicorn'' episode 4 had an [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?&v=lNyyVE1F6bU#t=2m55s enormous variety of older mobile suits]] fighting alongside modern designs. {{Lampshade|Hanging}}d by a Londo Bell soldier, who calls the battlefield a "walking war museum".
* ''LightNovel/HaiyoreNyarkoSan'' has, besides its Cthulhu {{Mythology Gag}}s, lots and lots and '''lots''' of references; the most-used gags relate to ''Franchise/KamenRider'', ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' and ''Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventure'', but they also shout out to ''Manga/StrawberryMarshmallow'', ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', ''VideoGame/MonsterHunter'', ''Film/MenInBlack'', ''Franchise/BackToTheFuture'', ''Anime/{{Macross}}'', obscure {{JRPG}}s, Japanese ads...let's just say that turning this show into a DrinkingGame would be ''very'' ill-advised. This even works internally, with the alien characters being devotees of [[AliensStealCable Earth's popular culture]] and referencing their favorite shows and games in everyday conversation, such as Nyarko performing ''Franchise/KamenRider'' poses apropos of nothing.
** There are so many that [[http://nyaruref.blogspot.it/ a blog]] was created for the sole purpose of listing them all!
** The Chinese translation of the novels actually includes an appendix at the end of each volume detailing all the references made. Each one is at least several pages long.
* The first season of the ''Manga/HayateTheCombatButler'' anime. The manga too, but not as much. The second season still has tons of references, albeit a bit more subtle about it.
* ''Anime/{{Heybot}}'' is filled with so many references that some of them are obscure even for the modern Japanese viewing audience.
* Being a series about a woman married to an {{otaku}}, ''Manga/ICantUnderstandWhatMyHusbandIsSaying'' references all the things you'd expect: {{Manga}}, {{Anime}}, VideoGames, and [[MemeticMutation Internet Memes]].
* ''Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventure'':
** Creator/HirohikoAraki's love of American and British rock music makes the series '''packed''' with references to band, album, and song names, to the point that translation attempts are blocked by trademark issues. His favorite bands can be identified by the prevalence to their works in the story, including Music/TheBeatles, Music/PinkFloyd, Music/LedZeppelin, Music/{{ACDC}}, Music/{{Queen}}, Music/{{Prince}}, and Music/{{Yes}} (whose song "Roundabout" was chosen for the anime edition's first ending theme). Although this was originally limited to character names in the first three parts of the story, [[Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventureDiamondIsUnbreakable Part 4]] sees them used as the names for the characters' supernatural powers known as Stands.
** Araki's love for Italy is shown in [[Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventureVentoAureo Part 5]], which is set in Italy, and features characters named after food names in Italian.
** [[Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventureStoneOcean Part 6]] shows off Araki's love for fashion designers, where everyone ''but'' Jolyne is named after a fashion label.
** And then there's the Part 6 Stand Bohemian Rhapsody, which enables its user Ungalo to bring to life fictional characters from ''any'' story, be it a cartoon, a comic book, or even artwork. If they encounter someone who liked or even vaguely remembers the story, the victim is then forced to live through the story and are killed as a result. Even WesternAnimation/MickeyMouse is hinted at being brought to life by Bohemian Rhapsody. The only apparent weakness is if someone has no emotional attachment to any work of fiction. [[spoiler:Like the amnesiac Weather Report.]]
* ''Anime/KillLaKill''
* ''Anime/KirbyRightBackAtYa''
* ''Anime/LittleWitchAcademia'' tosses in references to everything under the sun at one point or another.
* ''Manga/LuckyStar''
* ''Franchise/LyricalNanoha'' to several series under the HumongousMecha genre such as ''VideoGame/SuperRobotWars'', ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'', and ''Anime/GaoGaiGar'', as well as a few others outside of that genre such as ''VideoGame/AceCombat'' and ''Franchise/KamenRider''.
* ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima''
* ''Manga/MariaHolic''
* ''Anime/PaniPoniDash'' literally has well over 500 over the course of a 26 episode series and 1 OVA.
* ''Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt'' combines this with CulturalCrossReference.
* ''Manga/PrincessResurrection''
* ''Anime/PrincessTutu'' makes [[WholePlotReference Whole Episode References]] to tons of ballets, plus some other operas, fairy tales, and classical music. GeniusBonus abounds.
* ''Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'', aside from its reference to several other shows, has countless split-second shout-outs written on the classroom's blackboards which change every other second.
* ''LightNovel/SeitokaiNoIchizon''
* ''Manga/SgtFrog''
* ''Anime/SpaceDandy'' has its own [[ShoutOut/SpaceDandy Shout-Out page]], with each episode having its own list. Most of the references caught are for other anime series set in space, though there is the odd reference to American pop culture too.
* The Creator/StudioGainax ''Daicon III Opening Animation'' references ''Film/{{Atragon}}'', ''Daimajin'', ''Franchise/{{Gamera}}'', ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'', ''Anime/SpaceRunawayIdeon'', ''Literature/StarshipTroopers'', ''Franchise/StarTrek'', ''Franchise/StarWars'', ''Series/{{Ultraman}}'', and ''Literature/TheWarOfTheWorlds''. The ''Daicon IV Opening Animation'' references ''Franchise/{{Alien}}'', ''[[Anime/CaptainHarlock Arcadia of My Youth]]'', ''Literature/TheChroniclesOfNarnia'', ''Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian'', ''Literature/TheFirstMenInTheMoon'', ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'', ''Series/KagakuSentaiDynaman'', ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'', ''Anime/{{Macross}}'', ''Anime/SpaceBattleshipYamato'', ''Franchise/StarTrek'', ''Franchise/StarWars'', and ''Series/{{Thunderbirds}}''.
* Practically every other [[Creator/StudioSHAFT Shaft]] show counts too.
* ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann''
* ''Manga/TheWorldGodOnlyKnows'' makes references to as many characters, mangas, movies, and videogames as it can. ''Especially'' videogames.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/{{Agent 327}}'': Many references, shout-outs and name drops, mostly to Dutch culture and society. Especially in later albums the author went berserk with this.
* ''Comicbook/{{Asterix}}'' references a lot of history, culture and other stuff from the Ancient Roman Empire. This includes untranslated Latin phrases as well! Apart from that several references to later time periods can be found as well. Some of them only comprehensible to a French audience, others too old to be recognized by modern audiences, like winks to Corsican singer Tino Rossi, the 1930s movie "Marius" and politicians of the 1970s.
* The author of ''ComicStrip/BloomCounty'' wrote that:
-->Bloom County'' was awash with pop culture references and celebrity mockery... largely because those beguiling assets were virtually absent from the comedic media at the time. But just look at us now. No, it's not my &@%# fault.''
* ''ComicBook/DeCapeEtDeCrocs'' is the French equivalent of ''Comicbook/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen'' in terms of number of {{Shout Out}}s ''per panel'', starting with the title.
* ''ComicBook/DeKiekeboes'': Also contains several references, most of them to artists and comedians the author enjoys.
* ''ComicBook/KillShakespeare'' is set in a world where every story Shakespeare wrote is real and the characters from multiple plays are around at the same time and interacting with each other. (For example, Hamlet's attempt at avenging his father is going on at the same time that [[Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet Juliet]] and Theatre/{{Othello}} are leading peasant rebellions against [[Theatre/RichardIII Richard III]] and Theatre/{{Macbeth}}), while shaking their heads at the antics of their follower [[Theatre/HenryIV Falstaff]].) As you can imagine, there are a '''''lot''''' of both obvious and subtle references to Shakespeare.
* ''Comicbook/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen''. Especially in the latest graphic novels. Seriously, you will be surprised how many British 60s sitcom characters can appear in a number of pages. It wasn't until the third series that there was an original speaking character not absconded from an earlier work (even background characters running from a battle were Fagin, Dodger, and company), and that original character was Champion Bond of her majesty's secret service.
* As you can see in the picture above, the ''ComicBook/MonicasGang'' comic can get so blatant and ridiculous in it's shout outs, it can be called RefugeInAudacity (and that ''Avatar'' parody manages to put more blue characters - which include a real person, [[UsefulNotes/AssociationFootball Zinedine Zidane]], decked in France colors[[note]]It works because "Les Bleus" - French for "The Blues", and part of his battlecry in the referref panel - is the nickname of the French team, thus helping him blend in with the other blue characters[[/note]] - in another [[http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-ccMz8fz5pbM/Tap8vBlxZbI/AAAAAAAACmw/bfmDx9HqhOQ/s640/o2o2.jpg panel]]). This also applies to other Brazilian comics, such as ''ComicBook/HolyAvenger''.
** A RunningGag on a satirical Website/{{Tumblr}} about ''Monica's Gang'' is saying "Mauricio's lawyers, get readyÖ" every time the comic uses NoCelebritiesWereHarmed. (the caption of the page image was "that panel alone is probably worth two billion in lawsuits, dammit!")
** [[http://24.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m8rcryOcAY1qbnzf6o1_1280.jpg This]], taken from their ''Film/TronLegacy'' parody -- the series has an UniversalAdaptorCast and writers who love a WholePlotReference - even lampshades that "This place is a ''[[ElmuhFuddSyndwome newd pawadise]]''!"
** Also [[http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-f1JdVKPSKRY/Udt66JGpD9I/AAAAAAAAA7c/zEtPr-JXmQ0/s1600/_Vingadoidos%20%282%29.JPG this ensemble of archers]] from their ''[[Film/TheAvengers2012 Avengers]]'' parody. Notably, [[MythologyGag classic Hawkeye is in the crowd]] (they actually wanted ''their'' Hawkeye, who was being played by Smudge).
* ''ComicBook/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagicIDW'': Any story drawn by Andy Price usually includes overwhelming amounts of pop-culture references in the background.
* ''ComicStrip/{{Nero}}'': Since this was a newspaper comic it contains thousands of references to stuff that was current when the comics were published in the papers. Famous politicians and media celebrities from the second half of the 20th century will have a cameo or have jokes based on them. The author also threw in several references to his personal life, including colleagues and exotic animals he encountered during his safaris. Unfortunately this is also the reason why reprints have included some necessary background explanations to put stuff into context.
* ''ComicBook/{{Phonogram}}'' contains so many allusions to real bands and songs that each serialised issue contains a glossary explaining them all.
* ''Comicbook/TheSandman'' is an unusual serious example; it probably manages to stay serious because its {{Homage}}s and {{Shout Out}}s are usually to myths or the classics instead of pop culture.
* ''ComicBook/ScottPilgrim'', particularly in relation to video games and music.
* Alan Moore's ''ComicBook/TopTen'', which came out at the same time as the early installments of ''[=LoEG=]''. Practically every background character, business name, vehicle or grafitto is a shout out to someone or something.
* ''ComicBook/{{Urbanus}}'': Several references to other comics, TV shows, films and Dutch and Flemish pop culture stuff.
* ''Comicbook/{{Watchmen}}'' has a whole load, especially musical references, but also to works of literature and to modern (1980s) pop-culture.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* This can actually be quite a problem in fanworks, especially since (a) the authors are generally pretty geeky by default, (b) there's often an unusually large amount of interaction between writer and audience, and (c) they're derived from pre-established settings anyway. Eventually, the sheer quantity of {{Shout Out}}s to other shows can reach critical mass, causing a hitherto coherent story to collapse into a formless heap of references.
* ''Fanfic/AccidentMonthOne'' has references by the gallon load to the ''WesternAnimation/FairlyOddParents'', [[Creator/MNightShyamalan Night M Shyamalan]], {{Literature/Twilight}}, Mystery Diagnosis, ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'', ''[[UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks Silver Age Comics]]'', and a lot more. All PlayedForLaughs, while there are a few that are more on the lines of a TakeThat.
* This is part of Creator/NimbusLlewelyn's SignatureStyle, to the point where ''Fanfic/TheWizardInTheShadows'' has its own ShoutOut page. Since he a) also had a classical education, b), is also an InsufferableGenius, he's not shy of throwing in historical, political, and occasionally theological references, either. His latest main series, ''Fanfic/ChildOfTheStorm'' and its spinoffs and sequels is even more prone to this, partly due to it being a MegaCrossover, and partly due to the LemonyNarrator and most of the cast being [[PopCulturedBadass pop-cultured badasses]], including acknowledged author favourite, Harry Dresden a.k.a. ''the'' FirstPersonSmartass, and the presence of Doctor Strange, who's not ''quite'' an AuthorAvatar, but close enough that he's prone to LeaningOnTheFourthWall.
* FanFic/TheConversionBureauTheOtherSideOfTheSpectrum has reached this territory, partly due to its side-stories. Just take a look at the [[ShoutOut/TheConversionBureauTheOtherSideOfTheSpectrum shoutout page...]]4
* The Fanfic/{{Dangerverse}}, a series of very AU Literature/HarryPotter fics, [[ShoutOut/{{Dangerverse}} has arguably reached this point.]]
* In keeping with its [[WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries source material]], FanFic/DecksFallEveryoneDies has a lot of references.
* One of the common criticisms of ''WebAnimation/DoubleRainboom'' is that it eschewed it's initial OriginalFlavor premise in favor of lots of fandom and animation {{Shout Out}}s.
* ''FanFic/TheDysFUNctionalPirates''
* The ''StarWars''[=/=]''MassEffect'' crossover ''FanFic/{{Fractured}}'' has a ton of shout-outs and some [[WholePlotReference Partial-Plot References]] to boot. It and its [[FanFic/SovereignGFCOrigins sequel]] both have [[ShoutOut shout-outs]] to canon material that wasn't even ''released'' at the time of writing (''Fractured'') or is nonexistent in its fanon (''Origins''), mainly ''VideoGame/MassEffect3''.
* ''Fanfic/GarfieldInAlongCameASplut'', despite its short length, is ''loaded'' with crossovers and pop culture references, enough to [[ShoutOut/GarfieldInAlongCameASplut get its own page for them!]]
* A dark humor Harry Potter fanfiction by Virginia Riddle-Malfoy on fanfiction.net ''Ginevra In Darkness'' uses a lot of characters from other series - particularly the renamed ''Integra'' from ''Hellsing'' and has cameos of other characters such as ''Franchise/SherlockHolmes'' and John Watson from the BBC Sherlock, Sarah Williams from ''Labyrinth'', Adam Young from ''Good Omens'', Darian Shields from ''Franchise/SailorMoon'', ''Daria''. Also uses quotes from ''Buffy'', ''Batman'', and ''Theatre.AVeryPotterMusical''. She manages to keep to the plot, but seems to amuse herself by seeing how much she can slip past the readers without getting caught. [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/3854663/1/Ginevra_In_Darkness]]
** Another fanfiction by the same author Harry Potter and the Turn of the Tides uses the ''Halloween'' hijinx trope and crosses over for a single chapter ''Harry Potter'', ''Franchise/SailorMoon'', ''WesternAnimation/MegasXLR'', ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'', ''Franchise/StarWars'', ''Franchise/IndianaJones'', ''Franchise/JamesBond'', ''Ranma'', ''TheLordOfTheRings'', and ''Monty Python'' and the Holy Grail. The fic unfortunately was done by the author in high school, and she rightly abandoned it as the tropes written about became far too overdone and dull. Still worth a plug for excellent characterization. [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/2060745/1/Harry_Potter_and_the_turn_of_the_tides]]
* You should just see how Luna Lovegood is treated in ''Literature/HarryPotter'' fanfiction. If she's not running her mouth off or a Seer she's referencing pop culture that [[PresentDayPast won't be relevant for around a decade or so.]]
* Listing the references in ''FanFic/HarryPotterAndTheMethodsOfRationality'' has taken up quite a bit of space on its page. By the same author, [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/5389450/1/The_Finale_of_the_Ultimate_Meta_Mega_Crossover The Finale of the Ultimate Meta Mega Crossover]] manages to reference practically everything in the TV Tropes Wiki.
* ''[[http://www.sugarquill.net/read.php?storyid=191&chapno=1 Harry Potter and the Society of Orpheus and Bacchus]]'' is rife with references to (Muggle, obviously) culture. It contributes to the story's lighthearted, campy feel (Draco Malfoy reading Creator/ErnestHemingway? Who would ever guess, [[FantasticRacism due to him seeing muggles as always inferior]]?)
* ''Fanfic/TheIronHorseEverythingsBetterWithRobots'' is a ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' story with loads of references to science fiction, particularly works involving robots.
* ''Fanfic/ItsASmallWorldAfterAll'', a [[Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia Hetalia]] fanfic, has tons of references, ranging from ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries'' to ''Film/ThreeHundred''.
* ''Fanfic/KyonBigDamnHero'', being advertised as a {{LightNovel/Haruhi|Suzumiya}} [[TropeOverdosed Suzumiya]][=/=]Wiki/TVTropes crossover (whatever that means), [[ShoutOut/KyonBigDamnHero has a lot of references]] to other works and ''tropes'', with many not being LampshadeHanging.
* Here's a fun DrinkingGame: Take a shot every time you spot an allusion or reference in [[http://www.fimfiction.net/story/65940/my-little-mission-sneaking-is-magic My Little Mission: Sneaking is Magic]] to something from the Metal Gear Solid series. You'll be hammered by the fifth chapter. The author manages to pack dozens upon dozens of references to the series into the fic, often going out of their way to do so.
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' [[FanFic/ShinjiAndWarhammer40k fan fiction]] [[FanFic/NobodyDies tends to include]] [[FanFic/AeonNatumEngel many references]].
* The perfect example of this is a picture known as "[[http://www.thepictureofeverything.com/ The Picture Of Everything"]] created by Howard Hallis.
* ''FanFic/ProfessorRiddlesChronicles'' has a shout-out practically in every passage. To anything, from Harry Potter canon to Soviet political jokes to ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz''.
* A conservative estimate of ''Literature/BattleRoyale'' fanfiction ''FanFic/SeventyTwoHours''' reference count would be 500. This is not an exaggeration, considering that each of the eponymous hours has its own chapter, and it's roughly equivalent to a 1300 page book in length. It is, however, testament to the obsession with shoutouts held by the author.
* ''[[FanFic/SonicGenerationsFriendshipIsTimeless Sonic Generations: Friendship is Timeless]]'' includes plenty of {{Shout Out}}s to mostly the ''Franchise/SonicTheHedgehog'' [[WesternAnimation/AdventuresOfSonicTheHedgehog car]][[WesternAnimation/SonicSatAM toons]] and [[ComicBook/SonicTheComic comic]] [[ComicBook/ArchieComicsSonicTheHedgehog books]], but also to the ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' [[ComicBook/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagicIDW comic books]] and {{fan works}} (including the infamous ''{{FanFic/Cupcakes}}''). [[ShoutOut/SonicGenerationsFriendshipIsTimeless Take a look at this page and see for yourself.]]
* ''FanFic/SonicWorldAdventureRush'' is considered by some to be a bit ''too'' [[ShoutOut/SonicWorldAdventureRush overdosed]] in its fan service. And it's still going!
* ''FanFic/SonicXDarkChaos'' could probably rival a Creator/QuentinTarantino movie with the sheer number of shout outs (both blatant and obscure) to other media, especially video games and movies.
** [[LampshadeHanging Hilariously]], one of them is an extended reference to Quentin Tarantino's ''Film/PulpFiction''.
* In ''FanFic/TheStoryToEndAllStories'', there are numerous name-drops, in-jokes and references to all kinds of media, some more subtle than others.
* ''Fanfic/ThoseLackingSpines'' has references ranging from ''Literature/HarryPotter'' to [[EverythingsBetterWithLlamas the llama song]] to ''WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends'' to Celine Dion to ''VideoGame/KatamariDamacy''.
* ''Roleplay/WeAreAllPokemonTrainers'' has so many references that it has its own ShoutOut subpage, and has pages on its wiki dedicated to listing every reference made.
* ''FanFic/TheApprenticeTheStudentAndTheCharlatan'' has [[ShoutOut/TheApprenticeTheStudentAndTheCharlatan its own page]] with several but not all of its references chronicled. The author is self-aware, as in its sequel, Discord proceeded to chastise the author at one point for cramming in a particularly unnecessary reference in an otherwise-dramatic moment.
* Allsworthy from the seventh ''Fanfic/HalloweenUnspectacular'' is a living version of this, naming his plans after various pieces of pop culture and spouting off quotes with practically every other sentence. Stan and Ford end up calling him out on it.

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'', the film with Creator/RobinWilliams as Genie [[TheGenieKnowsJackNicholson makes this especially the case]]. Many of his scenes and lines were done on the fly, and when he's in full flow it becomes a 'how many references can you spot' game. In the space of just over a minute, for example, he becomes a Scotsman, a dog, [[Creator/ArnoldSchwarzenegger a Germanic bodybuilder]], a cube, a ventriloquist (and his dummy), several clones of himself, [[Series/TheEdSullivanShow Ed Sullivan]], a cash register, three Mexican dwarves, and [[Creator/MarxBrothers Groucho Marx]].
* ''Disney/ChickenLittle'' is overstuffed with references, including a few seconds of ''Disney/TheLionKing'' in the opening segment alone.
* ''WesternAnimation/MonstersVsAliens''
* The American version of ''Series/TheMagicRoundabout'' movie, renamed "''Doogal''" has dozens of pop culture references that jarringly don't flow with the story.
* ''Franchise/{{Shrek}}'', not counting the {{Fairy Tale}}s which are actually part of that universe. Compared to the first movie it's mostly the sequels that pour over with all kinds of pop culture references.
%%* ''WesternAnimation/{{Rango}}''

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* [[MilestoneCelebration To celebrate the franchise's 40th anniversary]], ''Film/DieAnotherDay'' referenced every single Film/JamesBond film before it. ''Film/{{Skyfall}}'' would do the same thing for the franchise's 50th anniversary.
* Most films directed by Creator/JoeDante, including ''Film/{{Gremlins}}'', ''Film/LooneyTunesBackInAction'', ''Film/TheHowling'', and ''Film/{{Piranha}}''.
* Many Creator/KevinSmith films.
* Any Creator/QuentinTarantino film. Website/{{Cracked}} calls him less of a director and more of a movie DJ, treating shots, characters, and plots like music samples. ''Film/PulpFiction'', his first truly mainstream film, is often considered to have been [[TropeCodifier the launching point]] for the Gen-X "sampling" trend in popular culture that continues to this day, although earlier precedents existed.
* ''Film/RiseOfThePlanetOfTheApes'' was this way, due to a desire for {{Shout Out}}s to the original film.
* ''Film/ScottPilgrimVsTheWorld'', much like the comic upon which it's based, revels thoroughly in this trope.
* Both ''Film/{{Scream 1996}}'' and ''Film/BehindTheMaskTheRiseOfLeslieVernon'' are {{Deconstruction}}s of the [[SlasherMovie slasher sub-genre]] of horror that make numerous references to other horror movies.
* Creator/SeltzerAndFriedberg do this a lot in their films. The "_____ Movie" parody series in particular (Epic Movie, Date Movie, Disaster Movie...), are almost nothing but pop culture references and shout outs. They do at least manage to integrate the references into the movie's action, however, [[DropTheCow if only for a cheap slapstick gag]].
* ''Film/TheSevenYearItch'' was an early example of this. ''Howdy Doody'', ''Captain Video'', ''FromHereToEternity'', ''Riot in Cell Block 11''...and, [[WhatCouldHaveBeen if it hadn't been cut from the film]], a spot-on parody of 1930s gangster movies.
* ''Film/Ted2'' references ''Film/FortySecondStreet'', ''Film/AlienVsPredator'', ''Film/AnchorsAweigh'', ''Film/BackToTheFuturePartII'', ''Series/BattlestarGalactica2003'', ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}'', ''Film/TheBreakfastClub'', ''Film/CaptainAmericaTheFirstAvenger'', ''Film/ChildsPlay'', ''Film/CreatureFromTheBlackLagoon'', ''WesternAnimation/DennisTheMenace'', ''Series/DoctorWho'', ''Series/DowntonAbbey'', ''Anime/DragonBallZ'', ''Film/TheElephantMan'', ''Film/ErnestGoesToCamp'', ''Film/ErnestGoesToJail'', ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', ''Series/FamilyMatters'', ''Film/TheFifthElement'', ''Film/FreddyVsJason'', ''Disney/{{Frozen}}'', ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'', ''Film/GoldDiggersOf1933'', ''Film/TheGoonies'', ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'', ''Film/IAmLegend'', ''Theatre/TheImportanceOfBeingEarnest'', ''Film/IronMan'', ''Film/{{Jaws}}'', ''[[Music/JustinBieber Justin Bieber: Never Say Never]]'', ''Series/KeepingUpWithTheKardashians'', ''Series/KnightRider'', ''Film/KramerVsKramer'', ''Series/LawAndOrder'', ''Film/TheLordOfTheRings'', ''Series/LostInSpace'', ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'', ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyEquestriaGirls'', ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyEquestriaGirlsRainbowRocks'', ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'', ''Film/PlanetOfTheApes1968'', ''Film/{{Predator}}'', ''Film/{{Predators}}'', ''Film/PulpFiction'', ''Film/RagingBull'', ''Regarding Henry'', ''Film/RevengeOfTheNerds'', ''Film/RockyIII'', ''[[Series/Roots1977 Roots]]'', ''Series/SisterSister'', ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'', ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'', ''Franchise/StarWars'', "Sweet Caroline" by Music/NeilDiamond, ''Franchise/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles'', ''Series/TheTick2001'', ''Film/TotalRecall2012'', the ''Film/TransformersFilmSeries'', and ''Franchise/XMen''.
* Creator/WoodyAllen: His films have many references that only intellectuals will recognize like shout-outs to philosophy, art, literature and arthouse films.

* ''Literature/AmongOthers'' by Creator/JoWalton is full of references to the science fiction and fantasy of the 1970s and 1980s.
* ''Literature/ANightInTheLonesomeOctober'' abounds with references, being a wide-ranging gothic horror {{pastiche}} with references to other genres. It contains many {{Homage}}s and {{Shout Out}}s beyond its crossover characters.
* ''Literature/ASeriesOfUnfortunateEvents'': If you made a list of every time Snicket makes a ShoutOut to literature and history in one of the later books (especially through Sunny's dialogue), it would be as long as the book itself.
* Creator/BretEastonEllis likes to do this with his characters to highlight how shallow they are. Many pages in ''Literature/{{Glamorama}}'' are just long lists of Victor and his friends name dropping celebrities, and in ''Literature/AmericanPsycho'', Patrick has to describe in excruciating detail what ''everyone'' is wearing.
* The Literature/CiaphasCain books are absolutely ''loaded'' with references to both science fiction and turn-of-the-century juvenile adventures.
* ''Literature/{{Discworld}}''
* Literature/TheDivineComedy: Dante's visit to Hell, Purgatory and Heaven is peppered with countless references to historical, cultural, religious, political and scientific people from both his time and earlier centuries.
* ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'', since everyone is GenreSavvy and the [[FirstPersonSmartass narrator]] is a PopCulturedBadass.
* ''Literature/FinnegansWake'' features thousands of references to everything imaginable. It is probably the only work to turn this trope into TrueArtIsIncomprehensible.
* Most stories by Creator/KimNewman (including those written under his Jack Yeovil pseudonym), especially the ''Literature/AnnoDracula'' series.
* ''[[http://www.helloruby.com/ Hello Ruby: Adventures in Coding]]'' by Linda Luikas is a "half-picture book, half-activity book" that introduces young children to [[UsefulNotes/ProgrammingLanguage programming]], computer science, and problem solving. Since it's basically about computer science, there are many references to real programming languages and software, including a CastOfExpies.
** Ruby is obviously a reference to the programming language of the same name.
** [[ADogNamedDog Robots]] look like the mascot for Android, a mobile phone.
** Penguin is a reference to UsefulNotes/{{Linux}} and Snow Leopard is also a reference to [[UsefulNotes/MacOS Mac OS X Snow Leopard]].
** Django is named after the web framework of the same name and his pet snake is named after UsefulNotes/{{Python}}.
** Foxes are a reference to UsefulNotes/MozillaFirefox.
** On the first page, Scratch Cat, the mascot of ''Website/{{Scratch}}'', can be seen as a drawing.
* ''Literature/MagicExLibris'' is about people who can pull items out of books. This, combined with a {{Geek}} protagonist, leads to references being tossed around like candy. To help some bewildered readers, there's a list of referenced books in the back.
* The works of Creator/PhilipJoseFarmer are sometimes Reference Overdosed, particularly those set in the Wold Newton universe. A single work may be a Homage to one writer while encoding allusions to the work of many, many others. For example, no name is innocent until all anagrams, obscure linguistic derivations and so forth have been exhausted.
* ''Literature/ReadyPlayerOne'' has this as part of its plot, but mostly narrows it to 1980s video games and pop culture in an effort to solve the puzzle left behind by a rich eccentric as part of his will. [[Film/ReadyPlayerOne The movie]] is even worse, adding in characters from later periods, such as the ''T. rex'' from ''Film/JurassicPark'' and the Spartans from ''Franchise/{{Halo}}''.
* The works of Creator/RobertAntonWilson.
* The amount of Science Fiction and Extreme Metal references in Ari Bach's novel ''{{Literature/Valhalla}}'' is incalculable. Nearly every character name is taken from a metal band. Nearly every piece of hardware is named for the author of the sci-fi novel or show it was invented in. References even include old sitcoms, obscure occult literature and more.
* [[Literature/SmallWorldDavidLodgeNovel Small World]] is full of references to [[Myth/KingArthur the Grail legend]]. Many of them are [[GeniusBonus very subtle indeed]]. They are mainly drawn from Jessie Weston's book ''From Ritual to Romance'', which also influences Creator/TSEliot in Literature/TheWasteLand. At time it comes close to recursive referencing.
* The author of the TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}} novels collectively known as "The Vampire Wars" acknowledges his books contain at least a hundred references to classic vampire stories like Literature/{{Dracula}}. One of his fans sent him a list of references in his novels, but the author didn't have the heart to say he'd missed about another fifty.
* Creator/TSEliot's works, especially ''Literature/TheWasteLand''. The poem is full of references to popular songs, classical literature, operas and ancient religious scriptures, and quotes them in their native language.
* The first page of ''[[Literature/WheresWally Where's Waldo?]]'' The Wonder Book. It puts all the other examples to shame.
* Zadie Smith's ''Literature/WhiteTeeth'' contains tons of references to various minutiae from literature, history, science, and pop culture (both British and American). Some of them serve no purpose, such as a LongList of all of Millat Iqbal's favorite books, records and tapes, and movies on videocassette.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Community}}''. Abed is stated to be incapable of communicating through any other medium than movies.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' is fifty years old, so its accumulated a lot over that time. Also its hero is a quasi-immortal time traveler, which has given him a pretty large reference pool. Some of the older episodes reference things like Beatles lyrics, while New-Who has referenced things like ''Franchise/StarTrek'', ''Film/{{Ghostbusters 1984}}'', ''Literature/HarryPotter'', ''Series/{{Teletubbies}}'', ''Disney/TheLionKing'' and way, ''way'' more.
* We don't even try to list the {{shout out}}s in ''Series/{{Farscape}}''. Crichton is a fountain of late-20th-centrury cultural references, which only makes him a CloudCuckoolander in the eyes of all the aliens around him.
* ''Series/GilmoreGirls'' is famous for its abundance of references. Each DVD even has a little booklet explaining [[ViewersAreGeniuses the more obscure ones.]]
* ''Series/KaizokuSentaiGokaiger'' is this towards the ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' series.
* ''Series/{{Leverage}}'' is so reference overdosed that its {{shout out}}s had to be moved to [[ShoutOut/{{Leverage}} their own page]].
* ''Series/TheMiddleman'', usually with a different theme each episode (one episode is full of ''Literature/{{Dune}}'' references, another ''Franchise/BackToTheFuture'' references, another ''Film/{{Ghostbusters|1984}}'' references, and so on...)
* ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'': many encyclopedic references to historical and cultural figures, exotic animals and places. Most of these jokes could make sense to intellectuals, but then there are also many references to British culture, especially politicians, TV hosts, soccer players, cricketers and programs that were famous during the late 1960s and early 1970s. They are usually completely incomprehensible and obscure to international audiences and even to the English, especially while TimeMarchesOn.
* ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000''. Being a show built around providing audio commentary to CultClassic genre movies, it couldn't help being stuffed full of references, but some them were so obscure only the members of the show's own cast understood them.
* ''Series/{{NCIS}}'': Tony is a [[TheMovieBuff movie buff]], and [=McGee=] is a gamer, among other justifications for this.
* ''Series/{{Psych}}'' [[OncePerEpisode CONSTANTLY]] references obscure 80s and 90s pop culture.
** You could argue that it's justified on this show, since so many cult figures from those decades show up as guest stars - but then that would just bring up the CelebrityParadox.
** The high school reunion episode, "Murder ... Anyone ... Anyone ... Bueller?", has tons of references to 80s pop culture ([[Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff including the title]]), which is quite puzzling, [[FridgeLogic considering Shawn and Gus would have gone to high school in the 90s.]]
*** This is lampshaded at one point; Shawn says he deliberately chooses to make an overabundance of references from that era, making it an InvokedTrope.
** "This Episode Sucks" references a bunch of vampire-themed works and featured {{Casting Gag}}s: Kristy Swanson of the original ''Film/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' film and Corey Feldman from ''Film/TheLostBoys'' appear.
** "Mr. Yin Presents ..." has ''many'' references to Creator/AlfredHitchcock films, including [[Series/AlfredHitchcockPresents the episode's title]] (for a complete list go [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mr._Yin_Presents...#Hitchcock_references here]]). It featured a ThemeSerialKiller who modeled his murders after Hitchcock's films such as ''Film/{{Psycho}}'' and ''Film/{{Marnie}}'', had a few {{Homage Shot}}s, and even used [[PropRecycling some of the original props from the films.]] There's also a reference to Hitchcock's {{creator cameo}}s, with a look-alike appearing in the background of one scene.
* ''Series/RedDwarf'' often makes reference to films such as ''Film/{{Casablanca}}'', ''Film/GoneWithTheWind'', and ''Film/BladeRunner''. For instance, the episode Back To Earth is considered by most to only be enjoyable if you know the ''Blade Runner'' references, to most other fans it is a horrible episode.
* ''Series/{{Spaced}}''. There's even a bonus subtitle track on the DVD that notes all the references.
* ''Series/SpittingImage'': Where to start? Several references to 1980s and 1990s society in general, yet also to everything that was in the media in the week of broadcast. From news reports over TV commercials. If you wanted to understand every reference you really had to read, listen and watch to every report. And most of it references British culture in particular. This also explains why the show was so difficult to export to other countries. The stuff dated rapidly and a lot of it was incomprehensible to foreign viewers. When broadcasted on Dutch TV the translators even added some extra subtitles on top of the screen to give some explanations about certain politicians or TV stars that only the English would immediately recognize.
* The Tau'ri (Earth-born humans) in the ''Franchise/StargateVerse'' have GenreSavvy as their [[PlanetOfHats Hat]]. They're well aware that their daily lives resemble science fiction and are all too happy to show it.
* ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'', particularly when it comes to music. [[IdiosyncraticEpisodeNaming every episode]] from the first 5 seasons is named after a classic rock song, while the newer episodes reference other.
** Most shout-outs come PopCulturedBadass[=/=][[TheMovieBuff Movie Buff]] Dean, who does this more than OncePerEpisode.
** There's also Charlie who references ''tons'' of works [[GeekReferencePool associated with nerd culture]] in the episodes she appears in (and so do [[ThemeNaming the titles]]).

* Destroyer. [[Music/TheNewPornographers Dan Bejar's]] main band has its own [[http://www.deftone.com/destroyer/ wiki]] and [[http://tracksfromthestack.blogspot.com/2012/12/lets-remember-destroyer-drinking-game-c.html drinking game.]]
* Music/FrankZappa: His music was deeply personal and references several aspects of the society of his time, including music, commercials, politics, TV and even inside jokes in his own band and anecdotes from his own life. Zappa once claimed that he doubted if his lyrics could make sense to anyone but himself.
* Half Man Half Biscuit. Their website has a section dedicated to explaining some of the references.
* Wrestling/JohnCena and Tha Trademarc do a lot of this on ''You Can't See Me''; ironically, most of the references are ''not'' to ProfessionalWrestling. This was spoofed in their video for "Bad, Bad Man", which had as its plot a homicidal maniac kidnapping midgets dressed as Music/{{Madonna}}, Music/MichaelJackson, and certain other [[TheEighties 1980s]] cult figures - not to mention that said homicidal maniac was played by Gary Coleman. And Cena, Trademarc, and Bumpy Knuckles dress up like (respectively) Hannibal Smith, Murdock, and Mr. T from ''Series/TheATeam''!
* No More Kings. When describing them most places refer to them and funk/pop mixed with 80s references. Though there are more references, the 80s are just the most prominent.
* Music/{{REM}}'s music would frequently make references to ancient mythology in order to conceal the true meanings of the songs (namely Michael Stipe's bisexuality or political events). This had the side effect of making people think he spoke gibberish. To clarify, the first time he admitted to writing a song with straightforward lyrics was in 1992 when the band recorded "Everybody Hurts" - 12 years after they started.
* SageFrancis, a rapper from Providence, RI, makes tons of references to "classic" hip hop songs. He'll often re-use classic lines, substituting a word here or there or reversing the word order as a kind of wordplay homage; he'll also re-use the ''cadence'' of certain iconic lines in a subtle nod.
* The entirety of ''Music/UltimateShowdownOfUltimateDestiny'' is ShoutOut after ShoutOut from beginning to end.
* The Music/WuTangClan: cursory examination of the first two tracks on ''Enter the Wu-Tang/36 Chambers'' turns up, in addition to the samples and references to [[{{Wuxia}} old Kung-fu movies]] for which they're famous, overt references to Creator/StevenSeagal and his film ''Film/OutForJustice'', ''Anime/{{Voltron}}'', and ''Film/TheWarriors''.
** Also, Music/GhostfaceKillah had a song from the 1996 album ''Iron Man'' (which was when he started using the alias Tony Stark) entitled "[[UsefulNotes/{{NASCAR}} Daytona 500]]" (named mostly for its fast pace) which used clips from the original ''Anime/SpeedRacer'' to make one of the first Anime Music Videos which is still considered a favorite by many.
*** The song itself contained samples from Bob James' "Nautilus" and "Crab Apple" by Idris Muhammad while the chorus from "Turn The Beat Around" by Vicki Sue Robinson sped up and reworded for the hook. And even featured two samples from previous Wu singles, "Mystery of Chessboxin" and Raekwon's "Incarcerated Film/{{Scarface|1983}}s" which also had an obvious ShoutOut in title as well as the lyrics.
** The mileage varies, but this [[FollowTheLeader opened the AMV flood gates]], being one of the first AMV's showed on TV and predating Website/YouTube and self-made AMV's.

* Any Creator/DennisMiller rant.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/DungeonsTheDragoning'', which mashes together the rules of several pen-and-paper systems, uses the setting of others, and gives shout-outs to everything else.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' is full of these, particularly where harlequin is involved. In one book in particular he refers to the Music/DeadKennedys and Music/CypressHill and quotes a line from a Music/FlorenceAndTheMachine song. All this in the year 2074, by the way.
* Warhammer and Warhammer 40000 are packed with shout-outs, and it's not just the historical or literary origins of practically every faction and variant army (''especially'' Space Marines and Imperial Guard). The flavor quotes, maps and locations, character names, most of the fiction, and the universe backstories are plundered from all over, ranging from the Bible to minor quotes from travel writers.

* ''Theatre/TheMusicalOfMusicalsTheMusical'', as its title implies, is stuffed with {{Shout Out}}s to famous and not-so-famous musicals by famous authors.
* Eric Overmyer's ''Theatre/OnTheVerge''. Between the [[ShoutOut shout-outs]] and [[AntiquatedLinguistics uncommon vocabulary]], it's a dramaturg's delight. Or nightmare!
* The Colonel's PatterSong from ''Theatre/{{Patience}}'', "If you want a receipt for that popular mystery," "probably requires more annotation than any other in the entire Creator/GilbertAndSullivan repertoire," according to ''The Annotated Gilbert and Sullivan'' by Ian Bradley.
* ''Theatre/TitleOfShow'' is full of references to other musicals, which is lampshaded in the show.
* Any given Creator/TomStoppard play, dipping into GeniusBonus levels.
* ''Theatre/{{Hamilton}}'' references everything from ''Movie/{{Aladdin}}'' to ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'' to ''[[Music/TheNotoriousBig Ten Crack Commandments]]'' to ''Podcast/MyBrotherMyBrotherAndMe''. And then you start realizing that lines like "Iím just sayiní, if you really loved me, you would share him", "Will you relish being a poor manís wife?", and "Hamiltonís a host unto himself" are ''paraphrasing the character's real-life letters'', and you just give up because the only possible way you could know all this is to go full "[[Recap/StarTrekTheNextGenerationS5E25TheInnerLight The Inner Light]]" on Lin-Manuel Miranda.

[[folder:Theme Parks]]
* ''Ride/TheGreatMovieRide'' at [[Ride/DisneyThemeParks Disney's Hollywood Studios]] is loaded with references and homages to other movies, most of which weren't even made by Disney. Though it's justified in that it's a ride about the greatest moments in film history.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AbobosBigAdventure'' has far too many references to list them all here. Being a BloodyHilarious love letter to the 8-bit days, the bulk of them are {{Shout Out}}s to classic NES games, but there's also a couple references to SNES-era games, as well as movies and advertising slogans of the time.
* The ''Franchise/AceAttorney'' series is [[ShoutOut/AceAttorney filled to the brim]] with {{Shout Out}}s, ranging from television to internet memes.
* ''Videogame/AdventureCapitalist'' references a whole bunch[[note]]including ''Film/AceVentura'', ''Literature/AChristmasCarol'', ''Film/AChristmasStory'', ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'', ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'', the AlcubierreDrive, ''Series/{{Alf}}'', Creator/AlfredHitchcock, ''Franchise/{{Alien}}'', ''WebVideo/TheAngryVideoGameNerd'', ''Franchise/ANightmareOnElmStreet'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}'', ''VideoGame/AntiIdleTheGame'', ''WesternAnimation/AquaTeenHungerForce'', ''Franchise/ArchieComics'', ''Film/{{Armageddon}}'', Creator/ArnoldSchwarzenegger, ''Series/ArrestedDevelopment'', ''Film/AustinPowers'', [[Music/GunsNRoses Axl Rose]], ''Franchise/BackToTheFuture'', {{BackyardWrestling}}, ''Film/{{Baseketball}}'', ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'', ''VideoGame/{{Battletoads}}'', ''WesternAnimation/BeavisAndButthead'', ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}'', Creator/BenedictCumberbatch, ''Literature/TheBerenstainBears'', Music/{{Beyonce}}, ''Literature/TheBible'', ''Film/BillAndTed'', Billy Blanks, Creator/BillyMays, Billy Ray Cyrus, ''Film/{{Blade}}'', Music/BlueManGroup, Music/BobMarley, [[Series/TheJoyOfPainting Bob Ross]], ''VideoGame/{{Bomberman}}'', ''VideoGame/{{Boogerman}}'', ''Film/TheBoondockSaints'', ''Film/{{Braveheart}}'', ''Series/BreakingBad'', Music/BritneySpears, the Bugatti Veyron, Buzz Aldrin, The California Raisins, ''VideoGame/CandyBox'', ''Film/{{Candyman}}'', Cap'n Crunch, ''Literature/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory'', ''Series/CharliesAngels'', ''Series/{{Cheers}}'', ''Series/{{CHiPs}}'', Creator/ChrisFarley, Creator/ChuckNorris, ''VideoGame/ClickerHeroes'', ''Film/{{Cloverfield}}'', ''VideoGame/CookieClicker'', ''Film/CoolHandLuke'', ''VideoGame/CoolSpot'', ''WesternAnimation/CorpseBride'', ''Film/CreatureFromTheBlackLagoon'', ''Film/TheCrow'', ''VideoGame/CrusadersOfTheLostIdols'', ''Music/DaftPunk'', ''Creator/DanielDayLewis'', ''VideoGame/ADarkRoom'', Creator/DavidHasselhoff, ''[[Film/TheDayTheEarthStoodStill1951 The Day The Earth Stood Still]]'', ''VideoGame/DayZ'', ''Series/DeadliestCatch'', Dennis Rodman, Digiorno Pizza, ''Series/DoctorWho'', [[UsefulNotes/{{Bitcoin}} Dogecoin]], Music/DollyParton, Creator/DonaldTrump, [[Series/HockeyNightInCanada Don Cherry]], ''VideoGame/DonkeyKongCountry'', ''Film/DonnieDarko'', ''[[Music/{{NWA}} Dr. Dre]]'', ''Film/DumbAndDumber'', ''Franchise/{{Dune}}'', Dunkin' Donuts, Wrestling/DwayneJohnson, ''VideoGame/EarthwormJim'', ''Film/EdwardScissorhands'', ''WesternAnimation/EekTheCat'', ''Film/ErnestPWorrell'', ''Film/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'', ''Film/TheExorcist'', "The Final Countdown" by Music/{{Europe}}, ''Series/EverybodyLovesRaymond'', Music/FooFighters, ''Film/ForrestGump'', ''Disney/TheFoxAndTheHound'', Creator/FoxNewsChannel, ''Franchise/FridayThe13th'', ''Series/{{Friends}}'', ''VideoGame/{{Frogger}}'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'', ''Franchise/{{Ghostbusters}}'', Music/GodspeedYouBlackEmperor, ''VideoGame/GoldenAxe'', ''Film/{{Goldfinger}}'', ''Film/TheGoonies'', Creator/GordonRamsay, ''Film/{{Gravity}}'', ''WesternAnimation/GravityFalls'', ''Film/{{Gremlins}}'', ''Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy'', ''Literature/GulliversTravels'', [[Creator/FoodNetwork Guy Fieri]], ''Franchise/GreenLantern'', Grumpy Cat, "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing", Harley-Davidson, ''Comicbook/HarleyQuinn'', ''ComicBook/{{Hellboy}}'', ''[[WesternAnimation/HeManAndTheMastersOfTheUniverse1983 He-Man and Skeletor]]'', ''Franchise/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'', ''Series/HockeyNightInCanada'', ''Film/HomeAlone'', ''Series/HomeImprovement'', Creator/{{Homer}}, ''Film/{{Hook}}'', ''WesternAnimation/HowTheGrinchStoleChristmas'', Creator/HPLovecraft, Hugh Hefner, ''Film/{{Inception}}'', Music/InsaneClownPosse, ''WesternAnimation/InspectorGadget'', [=iPhone=], ''ComicBook/IronMan'', [[Advertising/TheManYourManCouldSmellLike Isaiah Mustafa]], ''Film/ItsAWonderfulLife'', Creator/JamesCameron, Music/JayZ, Creator/JeffGoldblum, [[Creator/DreamworksAnimation Jeff Katzenberg]], ''Series/JerseyShore'', ''WesternAnimation/TheJetsons'', ''Film/JingleAllTheWay'', ''VideoGame/JoeAndMac'', ''Film/JoeDirt'', Music/JohnnyCash, Johnny O, John Rolfe, the Jolly Green Giant, Creator/JonahHill, ''Comicbook/JudgeDredd'', ''Franchise/JurassicPark'', {{Kaiju}}, UsefulNotes/KentuckyFriedChicken, Music/{{KISS}}, the Kool-Aid Man, Music/{{Korn}}, Music/KurtCobain, the Large Hadron Collider, ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaMajorasMask'', ''VideoGame/{{Lemmings}}'', ''Film/{{Leprechaun}}'', ''ComicBook/LexLuthor'', Creator/LievSchreiber, Little Caesar's, ''Literature/LittleRedRidingHood'', ''ComicBook/LoisLane'', ''Franchise/TheLoneRanger'', ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'', ''Literature/TheLorax'', ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'', Louis Vuitton, ''Series/TheLoveBoat'', Lucky the Leprechaun, ''Series/MacGyver'', ''Music/{{Madonna}}'', ''ComicBook/{{Magneto}}'', ''Series/MarriedWithChildren'', ''Film/MarsAttacks'', [[Series/{{Maury}} Maury Povich]], ''Franchise/TheMatrix'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Megamind}}'', ''Film/MenInBlack'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Metalocalypse}}'', Music/MichaelJackson, Creator/MichaelJFox, ''Franchise/MickeyMouse'', ''Film/TheMightyDucks'', ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'', Mike Tyson, ''VideoGame/{{Minecraft}}'', ''Film/MissCongeniality'', Advertising/MAndMs, "Money" by Coolio, ''VideoGame/MonkeyIsland'', ''WesternAnimation/MonstersInc'', ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail'', ''Film/{{Moon}}'', ''Series/MostExtremeEliminationChallenge'', Music/MotleyCrue, Mr. Clean, Mrs. Butterworth, [[Ride/SixFlags Mr. Six]], Creator/MrT, ''Franchise/TheMuppets'', ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'', ''ComicBook/{{Mystique}}'', ''Film/NachoLibre'', the UsefulNotes/NationalHockeyLeague, ''Film/NationalLampoonsChristmasVacation'', ''Literature/NeroWolfe'', ''WesternAnimation/TheNightmareBeforeChristmas'', ''ComicBook/{{Nightwing}}'', ''Film/TheNotebook'', ''[[Series/TheOfficeUS The Office]]'', {{Oktoberfest}}, ''VideoGame/PacMan'', Music/{{Pantera}}, Papa John's, ''Literature/ParadiseLost'', ''Series/ParksAndRecreation'', ''ComicStrip/{{Peanuts}}'', ''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}'', ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'', ''ComicStrip/{{Popeye}}'', ''VideoGame/{{Portal}}'', ''[[VideoGame/{{Portal2}} Portal 2]]'', ''Film/{{Predator}}'', ''Music/{{Prince}}'', ''Music/TheProdigy'', ''Film/{{Pumpkinhead}}'', Quicky the Nesquik Bunny, Creator/RachelMcAdams, Randy's Donuts, ''Series/RedDwarf'', ''WesternAnimation/TheRenAndStimpyShow'', [[Music/RunDMC Rev. Run]], Richard Simmons, ''ComicBook/RichieRich'', Music/{{Rihanna}}, ''[[VideoGame/RoadRash Road Rash 2]]'', Creator/RobertDowneyJr, Robert Graham, ''Franchise/{{Robocop}}'', Music/RobZombie, ''Series/{{Roseanne}}'', Website/RottenTomatoes, ''[[Series/MrShow Run Ronnie Run!]]'', Creator/RussellCrowe, Creator/RyanGosling, ''Franchise/SailorMoon'', ''Anime/SamuraiPizzaCats'', ''Film/TheSantaClause'', ''Series/SavedByTheBell'', ''Film/ScaryMovie'', ''Franchise/ScoobyDoo'', ''[[Film/Scream1996 Scream]]'', the Seattle Seahawks, Creator/SethMacFarlane, Music/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand, ''Film/ShaunOfTheDead'', Creator/ShiaLaBeouf, ''Film/TheShining'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'', ''Literature/TheSilenceOfTheLambs'', "Silver Bells", ''Franchise/TheSimpsons'', ''Film/SisterAct'', Music/{{Skrillex}}, ''VideoGame/SonicShuffle'', ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'', ''Film/SoylentGreen'', ''Film/{{Spaceballs}}'', [[Ride/DisneyThemeParks Space Mountain]], Music/SpiceGirls, ''Franchise/SpiderMan'', ''Film/StarshipTroopers'', "The Star Spangled Banner", ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'', ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'', ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'', ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'', ''Franchise/StarWars'', Creator/SteveJobs, Creator/StevenSeagal, Creator/StevenSpielberg, ''Franchise/StreetFighter'', Stretch Armstrong, ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'', ''[[VideoGame/MeatBoy Super Meat Boy]]'', ''Franchise/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles'', ''Film/TeenWolf'', ''Franchise/{{Terminator}}'', ''[[Film/TheTexasChainSawMassacre1974 The Texas Chain Saw Massacre]]'', ''Film/ThereWillBeBlood'', ''WesternAnimation/ThomasTheTankEngine'', ''Literature/ThreeLittlePigs'', Tim Hortons, ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'', Tony the Tiger, ''[[Film/TotalRecall1990 Total Recall]]'', ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'', ''Franchise/{{Transformers}}'', ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'', Creator/VinceOffer, ''Franchise/WallaceAndGromit'', ''WesternAnimation/WallE'' Creator/WaltDisney, Wayne Gretzky, Wendy's, ''Film/WildWildWest'', ''Film/TheWizard'', ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'', ''ComicBook/{{Wolverine}}'', ''Webcomic/{{Xkcd}}'', ''ComicBook/XMen'', ''Film/{{Zardoz}}'', and ''Film/{{Zoolander}}''[[/note]].
* ''VideoGame/TheAdventuresOfMassmouth'' series is filled to the brim with references; entire lines are quoted verbatim, names of locations and characters in pop culture feature heavily, not to mention that all the enemies are basically ripped from other games and given different names.
* ''VideoGame/AquaRhapsody'', The developer notes that a lot of small things are "shoutouts" to video game, anime, etc. These are as obscure as the level transitions that fade out in a similar manner to Space Harrier.
* Absolutely ''everything'' by Artix Entertainment Games. ''VideoGame/AdventureQuest'', ''VideoGame/{{Dragonfable}}'', ''VideoGame/MechQuest''... ''everything''.
* ''VideoGame/AsurasWrath'' has tons of visual ShoutOut's to a lot of anime as well as other video games. [[ShoutOut/AsurasWrath See them here.]]
* ''VideoGame/BillyVsSNAKEMAN'' Nearly every NPC is ''at least'' one CaptainErsatz, the pre-CerebusSyndrome plot is mostly {{Whole Plot Reference}}s strung together, and countless incidental references are found everywhere you look.
* ''VideoGame/{{Borderlands}}'' and ''VideoGame/{{Borderlands 2}}'' are both well-known for [[ShoutOut/{{Borderlands}} their large number]] [[ShoutOut/{{Borderlands2}} of shout outs]], especially when it comes to dialogue, quests, enemies and so on.
* ''VideoGame/{{Bubsy}}''
** ''Claws Encounters of the Furred Kind'' references ''Film/CloseEncountersOfTheThirdKind'', ''Film/ForbiddenPlanet'', ''Film/ABridgeTooFar'', ''Film/TheGoodTheBadAndTheUgly'', ''Film/AFistfulOfDollars'', ''Film/DancesWithWolves'', "Rock Around the Clock", "Eye of the Tiger", ''Film/LethalWeapon'', and ''Literature/AFarewellToArms''.
** ''Bubsy II'' references ''Franchise/StarWars'', ''Film/PoliceAcademy'', ''Theatre/RichardIII'', ''Film/ApocalypseNow'', Richard the Lionhearted, ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'', ''Literature/TheLionTheWitchAndTheWardrobe'', ''Film/BigTroubleInLittleChina'', Music/TwoLiveCrew, and ''Mars Needs Women''.
** ''Fractured Furry Tales'' references ''[[WesternAnimation/RockyAndBullwinkle Fractured Fairy Tales]]''.
** ''Bubsy 3D'' references ''Film/ForbiddenPlanet'', ''Wooly Bully'' by Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs, ''Film/DasBoot'', ''Film/CrimsonTide'', ''Franchise/MortalKombat'', ''Film/DaysOfThunder'', ''[[Film/TheAmityvilleHorror1979 The Amityville Horror]]'', ''Bright Lights, Big City'', and ''Film/EscapeFromLA''.
* ''VideoGame/{{Civilization}}'': Look at 5's achievements and see how many {{Shout Out}}s you can find.
* Despite the limited content, the browser game ''VideoGame/CookieClicker'' has a surprising number of references and {{Shout Out}}s to various works, including ''Franchise/BackToTheFuture'', ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey'', ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'', and ''Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda''
* ''Franchise/{{Disgaea}}'' increases the number of {{Shout Out}}s with every game. As of the fourth installment, nearly every spell, special attack and item description is ''some'' sort of reference to anything from Creator/HPLovecraft to ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' to ''Webcomic/PennyArcade''. [[Manga/LuckyStar Anime Tenchou]] is even a {{summon|Magic}}... No, not a LawyerFriendlyCameo of Anime Tenchou -- the actual one.
* ''VideoGame/DragonQuestHeroesRocketSlime'' has loads of references to other Creator/SquareEnix games.
* The ''VideoGame/DukeNukem'' series went this way starting from ''VideoGame/DukeNukem3D''.
* ''VideoGame/DungeonsOfDredmor'' is so brimming with {{Shout Out}}s, from the item descriptions to the monster taunts to the achievement names, that [[ShoutOut/DungeonsOfDredmor it has its own Shout Out page.]]
* Every single thing in ''VideoGame/EatLeadTheReturnOfMattHazard'' is a reference to another video game or video game tropes in general.
* ''VideoGame/EpicBattleFantasy'' is packed with tons of {{Shout Out}}s to anime, manga, and other games.
* ''VideoGame/EpicMickey'' has loads of {{Mythology Gag}}s on the various Creator/{{Disney}} products. One area has old UsefulNotes/{{N|intendoEntertainmentSystem}}ES and UsefulNotes/{{S|uperNintendoEntertainmentSystem}}NES cartridges of Disney {{Licensed Game}}s strewn about.
* Indie game ''VideoGame/{{Evoland}}'' makes a lot of references, mostly owing to the fact it's both an homage and AffectionateParody of the ActionAdventure and {{R|olePlayingGame}}PG genres. In particular there are many references to Nintendo (most obvious being Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda), and the Franchise/FinalFantasy series (most of which towards the [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII seventh entry]], due to it being the one most people are familiar with). There's a bit of a BrokenBase on if the reference overdosing was such a good thing, though, as one half of the people who played the game find the spoofing and references charming, while others feel the spoofing is [[ShallowParody too shallow]] and/or too frequent and gets in the way.
* The entire ''VideoGame/{{Fallout}}'' series, especially VideoGame/{{Fallout 2}} and New Reno.
* ''VideoGame/FalloutNewVegas'' has its fair share of references in the base game, however the ''Old World Blues'' DLC takes the cake. Even the plot if it is a gigantic cross reference between 50s B sci-fi B movies, ''The Wizzard of Oz'', and cut content from previous versions of ''Fallout''. Many of the names of people and places are also various references and it gets much more aggressive if you turn the wild wasteland perk on, to the point that the DLC on its own could almost have its own shout outs page.
* ''Videogame/FarCry3BloodDragon'', given it is a parody of various movies and videogames from the '80s.
* ''VideoGame/FlightRising'' is filled with {{Shout Out}}s to the point where about a third of the item descriptions are references to something or other--''Anime/SailorMoon'', ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'', ''Series/DoctorWho'', ''Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'', ''Film/JurassicPark'', ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes''...
* ''VideoGame/{{Highborn}}'' is an iOS game that includes references to anything from ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' and Mountain Dew to Music/JamesBrown and ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''. There are even missions with {{Whole Plot Reference}}s to ''Franchise/StarWars'' and ''VideoGame/{{Portal}}''.
-->'''Floyd:''' [[LampshadeHanging I'd like to make a Jimmy Hoffa joke]], [[BreakingTheFourthWall but I think most of the people playing this game]] are kids who are getting tired of running to [[ShoutOut Google]] every other line to figure out what we're talking about.
* The web-based MMORPG ''VideoGame/KingdomOfLoathing'' is simply brimming with references to other works, particularly They Might Be Giants songs and music in general. This is one of its main draws.
* MobilePhoneGame ''Leaping Legend'' references ''[[VideoGame/SuperMarioBros1 Super Mario Bros]]'', ''[[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaI The Legend of Zelda]]'', ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim Skyrim]]'' and ''[[VideoGame/StarFox64 Star Fox]]''. The announcer SpeaksInShoutOuts.
* ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaSkywardSword'' does this to the LogicalExtreme: as a {{Prequel}}, everything is a direct reference to some other game in the series. You have to be a Zelda fan to fully appreciate the game.
* VideoGame/LEGOUniverse seems to love referencing Internet memes.
* The ''{{VideoGame/Marathon}}'' trilogy [[{{ShoutOut/Marathon}} contains references to everything]] from mathematics and quantum physics to Shakespeare to ancient mythology to Creator/HPLovecraft to ''WesternAnimation/BeavisAndButtHead''. So many, that research has been going at [[http://marathon.bungie.org/story/ this fansite]] for nearly ''two decades'' decoding every bit of them in every possible place in the game, and even the code.
* ''VideoGame/MeatBoy'' games. From chapter intros to level titles.
* Entirely too many ''VideoGame/MountAndBlade'' achievements are references to ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail''.
* ''VideoGame/NetHack'' is quite possibly the most reference overdosed game to ever be created. It boasts hundreds of literary quotes regarding topics as mundane as doorways and a wide reference pool that encompasses a large variety of topics: ancient mythology, fantasy, geek culture, mathematics, physics and other games.
* ''VideoGame/NoMoreHeroes'' and the sequel ''VideoGame/NoMoreHeroes2DesperateStruggle''.
* ''VideoGame/PAYDAY2'' has dozens of references. Most of them are to the kinds of [[Film/{{Heat}} heist]] [[Film/TheItalianJob movies]] that inspired the game, but there's also plenty of references to non-heist movies, TV shows, and video game culture.
* ''VideoGame/{{Persona 5}}'' lets you watch CaptainErsatz versions several dozen tv shows and movies, the main characters all use historical and literary characters as a GuardianEntity, the story and characters reference numerous {{Picaresque}} works, and the enemies are made up of several hundred mythological, historical and fictional figures. And [[{{ShoutOut/Persona5}} that's not even half of the references]].
* ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}''
* One of the appeals of ''VideoGame/RedAlert3Paradox'' other than, you know, combat and a 1969 world are the impossible amounts of {{Shout Out}}s.
* ''VideoGame/RetroCityRampage'' features tons of {{Shout Out}}s to not just old-school games, but movies and TV shows as well. The introductory mission of story mode features references to ''Batman'', ''Ducktales'', ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'', ''The A-Team'', and ''Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure'' in rapid succession.
* [[VideoGame/{{Shinobi}} Revenge of Shinobi]] has a lot of pop culture characters as bosses. In the re-release, some of them had to be censored or changed. Here's a dialogue in a Website/YouTube comment section:
-->'''sandwichoftruthiness''': So you're a ninja and so far you've fought Rambo clones, Terminator-Hulk, Spider-Man, Batman and Godzilla. Did Sega's CEO just write some fan-fiction and tell them to make it into a game?\\
'''LetsPlay/{{slowbeef}}''': Does the "Tropes vs. Ninjas" title make sense now?
* At least half the new content in ''VideoGame/Rockman4MinusInfinity'' are {{Shout Out}}s.
* ''VideoGame/RuneScape'', being a long-running MMORPG, has them everywhere from WholePlotReference to small texts when examining things.
* The ''VideoGame/SaintsRow'' games have references and homages coming out of its ass. ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed'', ''{{Series/Buffy|TheVampireSlayer}}'', ''VideoGame/CallOfDuty'', [[Film/PrettyInPink Ducky]], ''[[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion Evangelion]]'', ''Literature/FearAndLoathingInLasVegas'', ''Manga/{{Golgo 13}}'', ''Series/HappyDays'', ''Manga/InuYasha'', ''Film/{{Jaws}}'', ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}''Ö
* Tons in the ''VideoGame/SamAndMaxFreelancePolice'' games, ranging from ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'' to ''Franchise/PlanetOfTheApes'' to Music/TheBeatles to the Franchise/CthulhuMythos...
* ''Saturday Morning RPG'', as the title implies, is a love letter to Saturday morning cartoons, but there are countless references and nods to films, serials, video games, toys, comics, foods and novelty items from the 80s (and a few to the 90s and the present day). The developers are kids of the 80s and 90s and basically put in the game whatever element of pop culture they could remember from their youth.
* ''[[VideoGame/ScottPilgrim Scott Pilgrim vs The World: The Game]]'' is practically built on this trope.
* ''VideoGame/TheSimpsonsHitAndRun'' is loaded with references both to the show (beyond the usual stuff in a LicensedGame) and other works.
* Part of the fun in ''VideoGame/{{Skullgirls}}'' is trying to find references within the game. Sources can range from ancient historical figures to 1960s television to modern-day memes. Peacock in particular makes up so many of the {{Shout Out}}s that she could be considered to qualify in her own right.
* ''VideoGame/{{Spore}}'' has more than a few.
* Later updates of ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'' add more and more references, be they from the items ({{Series/Doctor Who}}a, [[WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic Magical Mercenary]]) or from the achievements[[note]]especially the [=MvM=] achievements[[/note]] ([[WesternAnimation/WallE Balls-E]], [[Myth/RobinHood Robbin' Hood]])[[note]]Believe it or not, the "Friendship is Golden" achievement is ''not'' a reference to [[WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic what you think it is]], as it actually predates the show by several years.[[/note]]
* ''VideoGame/ThreeDDotGameHeroes''
* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}''. Even the attack names can be references to Japanese mythology, and obscure ones at that. One game had a plot that referenced three separate Japanese myths...[[MyFriendsAndZoidberg and UFOs]]. It also had references to older games in the series and ''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders''.
* The ''VisualNovel/UminekoWhenTheyCry'' visual novels are packed to the brim with references- from mystery novels and scientific concepts, to {{Shout Out}}s to various anime and video games.
* Spanish ActionRPG ''VideoGame/UnEpic'' is an ode to geekery, with protagonist Daniel (who is OneOfUs) spouting dozens of references to sci-fi movies and serials, comic books, fantasy literature and so on. The game itself is the lovechild of pen-and-paper [=RPGs=] and the adventure games of the past such as ''VideoGame/KnightmareIITheMazeOfGalious'', and of course the shout-outs are abundant.
** Even the translators are at it: for example, the Italian version substitutes in one line a simple "Go, go, go!" with "[[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann Row Row Fight the Power!]]".
* ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'' originally used to have a handful of {{Shout Out}}s in the form of traditional Easter Eggs, but since Burning Crusade, every character, quest name, and area is a reference to something, probably blatantly.
* ''VideoGame/RandalsMonday'': The game is absolutely ''filled'' with references to films and video games, and the occasional book (such as ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' or the ''Franchise/{{Discworld}}'' series). How they work varies a lot: sometimes they're subtle enough to work, sometimes they're so obvious that they seem shoehorned. And then, a few puzzles require you to be familiar with the work in question unless you want to spend a long time having random guesses at dialogue options, [[spoiler:such as Hal's ''Franchise/StarWars'' test or the [[BattleRapping rap battle]] against the Jay cosplayer]].

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/CatAndGirl'' - and many of the references are to philosophical notions unknown to the average reader, in a particular appeal to the SesquipedalianLoquaciousness crowd.
* Nearly every single thing in ''{{Webcomic/Erfworld}}'' is some sort of a ShoutOut or [[{{Pun}} horrible pun]].
* ''Webcomic/ExterminatusNow'' has plenty of Shout Outs ranging from ''Series/TopGear'' to ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail'', and plenty of ProductPlacement to boot.
* ''Webcomic/{{Freefall}}'': For the most part the numerous references to a wide range of concepts are worked into the storyline of this webcomic {{longrunner|s}} well enough that they're not jarring, though occasional references to 20th/21st century pop culture phenomena roughly five centuries later (as per WordOfGod on the forums) can sometimes seem a little odd to some readers.
* ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'' makes [[ShoutOut/{{Homestuck}} quite a few of these]]. Due to [[InteractiveComic its nature]], many of these references are inserted after the fact - for example, [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann Bro's shades]] and [[VideoGame/{{Ultima}} Lord English]] were only established as references after the fandom noted that they were references.
** Also, it's quite easy to become a walking Reference Overdose just reading [[FountainOfMemes Homestuck]]. It's entirely possible to hold complete conversations consisting only of Webcomic/{{Homestuck}} and Webcomic/SweetBroAndHellaJeff memes.
* ''Webcomic/ManlyGuysDoingManlyThings''
* ''Webcomic/MegaTokyo'': The AuthorAvatar main characters are an anime geek and a nutty video-gaming addict, respectively, so this shouldn't be surprising. Some references are subtle, but many are more blatant things like several pages of [[http://megatokyo.com/strip/623 Largo and Erika playing]] [[VideoGame/DeadOrAlive "Dead Or Alive Ultimate Fear"]], or [[http://megatokyo.com/strip/1310 Piro wearing]] a huge [[Anime/PuellaMagiMadokaMagica Kyubey]] mask.
* ''Webcomic/{{Narbonic}}''. The Director's Cut makes this a lot more clear, so that the obscure references to Shakespeare and modern comics are revealed.
* The last comic of the ''Magazine/{{Dragon}}'' run of ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick.''
* ''Webcomic/OurLittleAdventure''.
* ''Webcomic/RipHaywire''
* ''Webcomic/SarahZero'' references everything from Music/{{Metallica}} to UsefulNotes/SarahPalin to ''WebAnimation/ZeroPunctuation''.
* Webcomic/SecondEmpire has {{Shout Out}}s of everything from ''Series/DoctorWho'' comics and ''Doctor Who'' TV series, to ''Franchise/StarWars'', Franchise/JamesBond, ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}'', and all sort of things.
* ''Webcomic/SquareRootOfMinusGarfield'' references ''over 200 different works'' so far in its (currently) 1,574-strip run.
* ''Webcomic/{{xkcd}}'', having an author with diverse and eclectic knowledge, is naturally chock full of this. Many, but not all, are explained in the AltText with each comic.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* '''''Any''''' [[TheAbridgedSeries Abridged Series]]. ''Especially'' [[WebVideo/YugiohTheAbridgedSeries the one that started them all]].
** Special mention goes to ''WebVideo/NarutoTheAbridgedComedyFandubSpoofSeriesShow'', which, as a DeconstructiveParody of TheAbridgedSeries genre, makes practically ''everything'' into a reference of some kind.
** ''WebVideo/NullmetalAlchemist'' is also worth mentioning in that it parodies the very idea of having references. Ed specializes in Contextually Insensitive Magic, and frequently deliberately cuts from the show to an out-of-context clip of another video to distract and/or annoy his enemies.
-->''Rose'': I don't understand, how did you defeat him using karaoke?
-->''Ed'': The guy had a rational hatred for references; a vocal cover was too much for his elitist brain to handle.
** ''WebVideo/SonicTheOtherMovie'' and ''WebVideo/XonicS'' are obviously loaded with Sonic references, but the series also go the extra mile by making just as many obscure references to things well outside the purview of the fandom.
* Theatre/AVeryPotterMusical. Of course there's references to the books, but between that you've got things like Zac Efron. Furthermore, entire parts of the dialog are just homages to ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender''.
* {{LetsPlay/Chuggaaconroy}}'s Let's Plays are usually chock full of references. The thing is, most of them are ''unintentional''.[[note]][[WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic Except for]] [[{{VideoGame/Xenoblade}} when they are.]][[/note]]
** One example counts as a mandatory reference: when introducing the [[VideoGame/MarioAndLuigiSuperstarSaga Super Fly]] enemy, he references Music/WeirdAlYankovic because "how often do you hear the words Super Fly anymore?"
* ''WebVideo/TheCinemaSnob'' references tons of obscure [[ExploitationFilm exploitation movies]], B-grade actors, cult directors, and occasionally more mainstream stuff such as ''Manga/DeathNote'' in every episode. Host Creator/BradJones mostly does this verbally, by making a quick joke about it, but sometimes he shows a small movie clip or still picture to give the audience a bit more explanation what he is actually talking about. Together with The Nostalgia Critic he may be the most reference overdosed reviewer on WebVideo/ThatGuyWithTheGlasses, though with one huge difference. While Doug mostly references mainstream stuff that a general audience may be familiar with Brad's references tend to be so underground that he even throws in little winks to his other video series and friends who appear in these. Usually you can only understand those by checking out all the other stuff he posts on his site!
* Creator/EmilyYoucis makes abundant references to her favorite media, all of which adds to the element of DerangedAnimation. The majority are either references to Creator/AdultSwim programming such as ''WesternAnimation/{{Metalocalypse}}'', ''WesternAnimation/XavierRenegadeAngel'', and a hardy TakeThat to accused ripoff ''WesternAnimation/MrPickles'', and to classic children's programming, including ''Series/PeeWeesPlayhouse'', ''Literature/TheLittles'', and ''WesternAnimation/TheLandBeforeTime''.
* This phenomenon was a constant in the ''Roleplay/GlobalGuardiansPBEMUniverse'', and given that the players involved included ordained ministers, a professor of quantum physics, a member of the British House of Commons, several professional writers, a television producer, a movie special effects expert, a chef, three lawyers, active duty soldiers, artists, actors, attorneys, doctors, nurses, police officers, fire fighters, a librarian, a stock broker, computer programmers of various types, a Roman Catholic priest, a biochemist, the mayor of a small Florida, and a professional dominatrix, amongst others, all of whom were highly educated and all of whom were widely read, this was to be expected. Some stories were so thick with various references (from pop-culture to legal to scientific to political) that the story itself was lost in the mix.
* ''WebAnimation/HomestarRunner'', mainly to '80s and '90s pop culture.
* ''WebAnimation/TheMostPopularGirlsInSchool'', and it's little brother show, ''WebAnimation/DrHavocsDiary''.
* Podcast/{{Radiodrome}}: Countless references to exploitation movies and other films, even mentioning old TV series in the process.
* ''Website/SFDebris''
* ''Literature/SkippysList''
* ''Roleplay/SurvivalOfTheFittest'': Due to being a collaborative work between the board's members, it qualifies. While there have been {{Shout Out}}s to previous versions and [[Literature/BattleRoyale the original canon]], a few others are to... less expected works, such as a character suddenly talking like [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyVI Kefka]], and a few characters being an {{Expy}} of characters from other works. Honestly, if one were to list every single reference in SOTF, it would take a while. It has been a minor issue on the board, however, in how many {{Shout Out}}s are okay.
* ''Website/ThatGuyWithTheGlasses''.
** WebVideo/TheNostalgiaCritic also enjoys doing this, sometimes making his shout-outs part of the entire plot of his episode, like his review of "The Shining mini-series", which he filled with shot-by-shot parodies of Kubrick's film version. He also uses actual clips and soundbites from movies and TV series to underline his jokes and ads the references in the end titles of each episode. Whether his references are actually clever or just lazy and redundant WaitForTheMeme moments differs from episode to episode.
** ''WebVideo/{{Kickassia}}''
** ''WebVideo/SuburbanKnights''
* ''WebVideo/TheyMadeMeWatchThis'' not only has a lot of references, once scene in the review of ''WesternAnimation/BarbieAndTheThreeMusketeers'' turned into a reference cluster bomb.
* ''Blog/ThingsMrWelchIsNoLongerAllowedToDoInAnRPG''
* ''WebVideo/{{Unskippable}}''
* The Literature/WhateleyUniverse, especially the story "Tales of the {{MCO}}", where the kids watch a television show and give it the ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'' treatment.
** Everything about it, since it's a superhero universe which has Marvel and DC as superhero comic publishers within it. People constantly refer to this, talking about a girl who leaps in front of teammates to protect them as having 'superman syndrome' or arguing about what is needed for Marvel to make an Iron Man movie or even talking about why 'real' supers can't swipe copyrighted/trademarked superhero names.
** The Phase novels are chock full of literary references, which even touch the chapter titles and Phase's obscure jokes that no one else gets. Generator is more likely to make references to anime and cartoons.
* WebAnimation/YouTubePoop is chock full of random references to pop culture.
* ''Machinima/BrawlUniverse'' has the characters in many episodes often talking about real life movies they've seen, such as the Dark Knight and X-Men Origins.
* Jim Sterling of the ''WebVideo/{{Jimquisition}}'' is really irritated whenever companies rely on all their references and memes to sell their games, usually expressing his annoyance with the phrase "Is this memes?"

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Every work of Creator/SethMacFarlane:
** ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', although it has gotten out of hand for a lot of fans, and nowadays the show frequently includes references that are nothing but {{padding}}, without a joke to justify their inclusion. It's gotten to the point where you could type practically ''any'' pop-cultural phenomenon into the [=YouTube=] search engine and find a ''Family Guy'' clip spoofing it. Especially if it's from the 1980s!
*** Lampshaded by Lois in the "[[WesternAnimation/FamilyGuyPresentsLaughItUpFuzzball Star Wars parodies]]": "He (Seth Mac Farlane) watched TV in the '80s. We get it."
** ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' tends to throw them in through dialogue or character actions.
** ''WesternAnimation/TheClevelandShow''.
* Watch an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingWorldOfGumball'' and count the ludicrous amount of 70s-80s-90s and early 2000s references shout-outs and homages that kids will never get.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}''
* The short-lived Nicktoon ''WesternAnimation/BackAtTheBarnyard'' was impressively Reference Overdosed, considering its two-season run. Every episode had quite a few references to SOMETHING. No property was to obscure or unlikely to parody. It went from small and subtle references to Franchise/TheLoneRanger, Film/{{Aliens}}, and Theatre/MyFairLady to NoCelebritiesWereHarmed versions of Geraldo Rivera, Donald Trump, and the Beatles. It even had some whole plot references to [[Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries Classic ''Star Trek'' episode "Amok Time"]], Film/{{Caddyshack}}, and Film/{{Batman}} in there.
* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold'' rarely had a episode where there wasn't some reference to a little-known or forgotten bit of DC Comics lore. It accumulates in the finale, where the episode ends with [[CurtainCall nearly every character that appeared in the series attending a farewell party]] in the Bat-Cave after [[EndOfSeriesAwareness becoming aware of the fourth wall and learning of the show's cancellation.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/ChipNDaleRescueRangers'' manages to fit [[ShoutOut/ChipNDaleRescueRangers a lot]] into only 65 episodes.
* Nothing is off-limits for ''WesternAnimation/CodenameKidsNextDoor'', ranging from popular stuff like ''Franchise/IndianaJones'' and ''Film/MadMax'' to stuff likely to fly over the heads of even dedicated fans, like ''Music/{{GWAR}}'' and ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' (particularly notable because the show parodied ''Fullmetal Alchemist'' ahead of Viz's translation, meaning someone on the writing team was reading the scanlations).
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'': Hundreds of pop culture references, just like ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''. However, there's a lot more emphasis on references to science fiction, astronomy, math, physics, quantum physics, space, computer programming, ...
* ''WesternAnimation/GravityFalls'', like the ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb'' example above, has numerous pop cultural shout-outs and references. Most of them will fly over the heads of the target demographic.
* [[WesternAnimation/KimPossible Kim. Freaking. Possible.]] Her targets include Film/JamesBond, ''Franchise/ResidentEvil'', ''Disney/TheLionKing'', ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'', ''Film/{{Psycho}}'', ''VideoGame/SplinterCell'', ''Series/{{Buffy|TheVampireSlayer}}'', ''Franchise/TombRaider'', and that's just the obvious stuff.
* Many ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' and Creator/TexAvery cartoons, but as TimeMarchesOn [[WeirdAlEffect fewer and fewer people get the references]]. This is especially caused by references to film actors, radio shows, songs, and commercials that were very popular in the United States during the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, but are nowadays completely obscure for modern audiences, left alone audiences outside the U.S.A. There currently exists [[ShoutOut/LooneyTunes an entire page]] dedicated to all the references the series has made over time. There are a LOT of them.
* ''WesternAnimation/MegasXLR'' has an extremely large amount of references to other shows, and not just of the HumongousMecha genre (WaveMotionGun, anyone?).
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' doesn't allow the references to overwhelm the story, but just about every episode includes shout outs and references to topics like ''Film/BlazingSaddles'', ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'', ''Series/TheBennyHillShow'', ''Franchise/XMen'', and ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''. See the show's [[ShoutOut/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic Shout-Outs page]] and [[Recap/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic episode guide]] for a complete list.
** Season 4 and beyond are notably more blatant about references, especially when Discord is involved.
* ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb''. [[CatchPhrase Though aren't they a little young to know about all those older references]]?
--> '''Phineas:''' [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uwGlL3hxaCY Yes. Yes we *puts on shades* ... ARE]]. \\
'''Background Music''': [[Series/CSIMiami YEEEEEEEEEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAHHH]]!
* ''WesternAnimation/ReBoot'' makes references in every episode ranging from the obvious [[TruthInTelevision computer technology]] to [[Music/VillagePeople 70s pop music]] and beyond.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Recess}}'': ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey'', ''WesternAnimation/HeyArnold'', ''Series/HogansHeroes'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Rugrats}}'', ''Film/TheAbsentMindedProfessor'', ''Film/DirtyHarry'', ''Music/TheWall'', ''Series/BarneyAndFriends'', ''Film/MaximumOverdrive'', ''Franchise/HelloKitty'', ''WesternAnimation/AGoofyMovie'', the list goes on. Some of also double as {{Parental Bonus}}es
* ''WesternAnimation/RobotChicken'' is based on referencing works.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Hundreds of references to politics, films, TV shows, musicians, art, literature, comics, animated cartoons, philosophy, video games, economy, math, geography, history, biology, religion, society in general, commercials, ... A lot of them you can only catch by freeze-framing the background.
** The [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CtgYY7dhTyE intro for Treehouse Of Horror XXIV]], directed by Creator/GuillermoDelToro, pays homage to dozens of cinematic and literary horror, sci-fi and fantasy icons, from the obvious to the obscure (as well as Del Toro's own films), in just about 3 minutes.
** ''Film/CitizenKane'' has been referenced and parodied so many times that the showrunners have joked that they could recreate the entire film from them.
* ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' series have tons of these in every episode, enough that the [[ShoutOut/SouthPark Shout Out]] page had to be split thrice. The "Imaginationland" episodes feature virtually HUNDREDS of fictional characters.
** Especially in the later seasons of "South Park" virtually every episode is one big shout-out to stuff that was in the news that week/month, with more and more pop culture references to things that are sometimes only well known in the United States themselves and thus lost on other audiences.
* The short-lived ''Film/{{Spaceballs}}'' series was nothing but {{Whole Plot Reference}}s. No original storylines or jokes to be found anywhere. Probably explains why it was short-lived. Yes, the very concept is a WholePlotReference to ''Franchise/StarWars'', but you'd think the writers could come up with at least a few new plots and gags in the 15+ years it took to get the cartoon made.
* ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'' continued the tradition of their instructors.
* ''WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated.'' Without interfering with the plot or making it so that you can't follow it if you don't know what's being referenced, it manages to fit in a zillion little easter eggs into every episode. Its "Allspark Almanac" guidebook is this taken to its logical extreme. Every single thing references something, no matter how deeply the reference is buried [[note]]Some of the symbols on some pages are actually from the Cybertronian language as seen waaay back in ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars'', and are references to movies, songs, etc. Ironically, the references written in Cybertronix primarily reference everything ''but'' TF itself.[[/note]] or how obscure the things being referenced are [[note]]For example, a minor character from a Japanese radio program, the ''letters page'' of a comic book from 20 years ago, or a not-official TF comic serial printed in a magazine might be name-dropped, and items whose composition isn't mentioned in-show will be given as materials that one side or the other tried to obtain in a G1 episode or comic. Basically, if it's a number or a proper name, it references something. No exceptions. Period.[[/note]] Oh, and ''a second volume'' is on the way.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'' The show references music, history, art, literature, politics, pop culture (from the 1890s through modern), comic books, pulp fiction, film, television, philosophy, religions, etc. Each episode is approximately 22 minutes long and every single one includes dozens of these.