The show's designers have set Bob up to be TheMole. It's [[ObviouslyEvil incredibly obvious]] that Bob is TheMole. Heck, even the other characters on the show are starting to suspect that Bob is TheMole.

So here we come to TheReveal, where it turns out... Bob wasn't TheMole after all! Nope, Bob is a totally innocent character who just had a bunch of unfortunate coincidences surrounding him. There may not be a mole at all, but if there is, it will be an entirely different character, and probably the one that everyone suspected least -- or even the one who was leading the Mole Hunt in the first place.

Not to be confused with a ReverseMole, though in [[Literature/HarryPotter at least one case]] a character plays both roles. A TenLittleMurderVictims plot involves most of the cast being these.

May involve DividedWeFall. Compare with the BaitAndSwitchTyrant.
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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* In the first volume of ''ComicBook/{{Runaways}}'', the mole is subtly hinted at to be [[spoiler:Karolina. It turns out, of course, to be Alex, despite many of Karolina's lines seeming like the kind of thing someone who wished failure upon the mission would say. Nope, Karolina just wasn't that bright.]]
* In the '80s CrisisCrossover ''Comicbook/{{Millennium}}'', the premise was that every book had a mole working for the alien robots known as the Manhunters. The writer of ''SuicideSquad'' promptly drafted Mark Shaw, a character who had previously worked with the Manhunters (before turning on them), into the book to be an obvious target of suspicion. Naturally the mole was someone else entirely.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* Inverted in ''NoWayOut''. The protagonist (Kevin Costner) must race to find evidence to exonerate himself amid a Pentagon WitchHunt for a Soviet mole suspected of killing the Defense Secretary's mistress. The hunt, of course, is a RedHerring intended to divert attention from the real murderer. The twist comes after he has successfully cleared suspicion from himself, when it's revealed that [[spoiler:he actually is a Soviet mole]].
* The monster of ''Film/TheThing1982'' mimics target animals, including humans. However, over the course of the movie, the various people which are hinted to be the monster (and suspected of being the monster by the others) are all proved to be human.
* In ''Film/TheFaculty'', Delilah ''is'' a mole, but she's just there to distract the others from the fact that [[spoiler: Marybeth]] has infiltrated their group.
* In ''Film/{{Stalag 17}}'', Sefton is widely perceived to be the spy in the barracks due to being chummy with the Germans (a professional necessity for TheScrounger) and misanthropic towards his fellow inmates. The only thing tipping off the viewer that it's not him is that he's too bloody obvious; in fact, it's [[spoiler:Price, the man who was leading the hunt for the spy.]]

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* The first ''Literature/{{Harry Potter|and the Philosophers Stone}}'' book has Snape, who Harry believes is attempting to steal the Philosopher's/Sorcerer's Stone. Nope, it's [[spoiler: Quirrell]]. Snape is suspected of other events of which he is innocent in later books as well.
** This got to the point where, in book 6, Rowling devoted an ''entire chapter'' to explain how [[spoiler:Snape can be a loyal Death Eater after seemingly siding with Dumbledore against Voldemort]] in the previous 5 books. This chapter exists for the sole purpose of making it believable that he is very definitely the mole before [[spoiler:he kills Dumbledore at the end of the book.]] Of course, [[spoiler:he's ''still'' not. (Dumbledore's still dead, though. Sorry.)]]
* In the middle of Creator/AgathaChristie's ''Literature/AndThenThereWereNone'', one of the characters mysteriously disappears. He/she ''could'' have been offed by the serial killer in their midst, but the other characters can't find his/her body or even any sign of him/her anywhere else on the island. Aha! He/she must be the killer, hiding somewhere that the others can't find! That assumption's shot down when [[spoiler:the surviving characters find his/her body washed up on the shore. The line of the {{nursery rhyme}} referring to the character's sequential death even states that he/she was done in by a Red Herring, having been set up by the ''actual'' killer.]]
* HarryTurtledove's ''TheTwoGeorges'': we think TheMole is a civil servant who stole the protagonist's wife from him, but it turns out to be [[spoiler:his old friend and boss]].
* ''[[NurseryCrime The Big Over Easy]]'' has a subtler version with Jack Spratt's flashy rival Friedland Chymes, who ''appears'' to be obstructing the investigation, and the reader might suspect he's TheMole (but it's not directly hinted). He turns out simply to be arrogant and convinced he's already solved the case, while still being a legitimate detective.
* In ''{{Dune}}'', Dr. Wellington Yueh is set up as this as part of an elaborate IKnowYouKnowIKnow gambit between the Harkonnens and Atreides. As the person upon whom suspicion most obviously falls, he is at the same time BeneathSuspicion due to his mental conditioning, and therefore the Atreides are lured into looking elsewhere for the real mole. Turns out that, yep, Yueh is TheMole, and does betray them, making this a deliberate subversion.
* Ollie Brown in the JoeLedger Series, as a former CIA Assassin who was inexplicably kidnapped then not killed instantaneous he was suspect. When he ran off with TheBigBad it looked certain but he was innocent.
* DanBrown is absolutely in love with this trope. Read two books, and you'll pick up how the guy who's obviously the mole isn't, and that the character least likely to be will be, and you'll be able to readily pick him out. Or, you can trust me and do it with the first one you read. Seriously. It's the guy it makes the absolute least sense for it to be.
* TimothyZahn likes this trope:
** In ''[[QuadrailSeries Night Train to Rigel]]'', Compton realises that either one of the two people he ate dinner with at one point must be TheMole: either the {{Jerkass}} ObstructiveBureaucrat who had him fired from Westali, or the friendly colleague. Guess which it is?
** In ''TheThrawnTrilogy'', after Borsk Fey'lya accuses Admiral Ackbar of being TheMole, Leia wonders if Fey'lya himself might be TheMole instead. [[spoiler:In a subversion, it turns out there ''is'' no mole - just a hidden Imperial sound recording system that picked up sensitive conversations]].

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* Nathan in the ''{{Lost}}'' episode "The Other 48 Days." His name reminds the audience of Ethan, who infiltrated the fuselage survivors, and he even says he's from Canada, just as Ethan claimed to be (a RunningGag on the show is that anytime someone mentions Canada, he's lying.) Of course, Nathan's not an infiltrator; [[spoiler:Goodwin is.]]
* The Marquis de Carabas in ''Series/{{Neverwhere}}''. In both book and TV show, he's set up to look like the bad guys' employer. [[spoiler: Right up until they kill him.]]
* The [[ExecutiveMeddling actual]] PilotEpisode of ''Series/{{Firefly}}'' does this. [[spoiler: From the ''moment you see him'', Simon is set up as the mole with every trick in the book short of painting the word "mole" on his back - until TheReveal, which ''still'' misdirects suspicion onto Shepherd Book for a split second before revealing the mole to be Dobson, who'd been largely inoffensive and bumbling to that point.]]
** Of course, since there are ten people on the ship and nine of them are in the opening credits, it's fairly obvious which one isn't above board.
* In the RealityShow named ''Series/TheMole'', the object is to identify TheMole among the contestants. Since failed guesses at the Mole's identity get players eliminated from the game, players will often pretend to be the Mole to trick their competitors into guessing wrong.
** The tricky bit here is that the Mole wants missions to fail so the pot of prize money remains low, while everyone else wants to win missions and raise the pot. That means the regular players try their best to succeed, while trying to make it look like they're attempting to fail.
*** And, because the Mole would not be obvious about his task, players don't want to make it obvious they are failing on purpose. They want to make it seem like they are doing subtle sabotage ''badly.'' Anyone who is clearly failing on purpose is clearly a RedHerringMole and not the real Mole. (That is, unless the real Mole thought you would think that, and is making himself [[HiddenInPlainSight so obvious you will overlook him]]. Yeah, it's [[GambitPileup that kind of show]].)
* Season six of ''Series/{{NCIS}}'' begins with a mole-hunt within the department, which apparently ends when [[spoiler:Agent Brent Langer]] tries to kill recurring character [[spoiler:Agent Michelle Lee]], who shoots him in self-defense. The audience is almost immediately tipped off that [[spoiler:Lee herself]] is the mole, but the rest of the cast don't find out for another eight episodes.
* Part of the seventh season of ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' dropped hints that Giles might have been murdered and impersonated by the First Evil. He wasn't. It was purest coincidence that he [[strike:completely]] conspicuously failed to come into physical contact with anything or anyone for five straight episodes.
-->'''Giles:''' Wait... you think I'm evil if I go on a camping trip with young girls and ''don't'' touch them?
* ''BlackAdder Goes Forth'' episode "General Hospital" has Blackadder sent to a field hospital to track down a mole. Once there he meets Johann Schmidt, who speaks with a HEAVY German Drawl. Also leads to this.
--> [[{{Keet}} George]]: "You haven't seen any suspicious-looking characters that might be German spies, have you Smitty?"
--> Schmidt: "Nein!"
--> [[TheDitz George]]: "[[CompletelyMissingThePoint NINE!?]] [[CrowningMomentOfFunny Cap's got his work cut out for him, then!]]"
** Of course, Schmidz does turn out to be a spy...a '''British''' spy, who developed "[[{{Understatement}} a teensy bit of an accent]]"; Blackadder realized the Germans weren't dumb enough to send such an obvious spy, while Capt. Darling didn't, tried to arrest Schmidt, and ended up being chewed out by Gen. Melchett for his incompetence.
* ''{{Bones}}:'' They set up Lance Sweets to look like he might be the Gormogon's apprentice, before the reveal that it was Zack.
* Although it's known to the audience the whole time, Robin of ''Series/RobinHood'' uses Will Scarlett as a RedHerringMole in order to flush out the real one.
* In OrphanBlack, [[spoiler: Aynsley]], a completely innocent woman, [[spoiler: loses her life]] because Alison thought she was a monitor of the neolutionists.
* ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'': In the season 4 finale "Broken Link", while he was joined with a Founder, Odo saw an image of Klingon chancellor Gowron, and is led to think that Gowron is a changeling imposter. The season 5 episode "Apocalypse Rising" has Odo join Sisko to infiltrate a Klingon station where Gowron is visiting to kill him. But eventually, he realizes that Gowron isn't an imposter, but [[spoiler:General Martok]] is, who is eliminated quickly. They deduce that [[BatmanGambit the Founders wanted Odo misled into assassinating Gowron so that the Klingon/Federation war would go on]], leaving both too weak to stop the Dominion.
* During season three of ''Series/ArrestedDevelopment'', Michael dates a British woman named Rita who is repeatedly set up as a spy investigating the Bluth family. Sure enough, the episode "Mr. F" reveals that a mole has been leaking information to the CIA. The Bluths (and audience) immediately suspect Rita. However, it turns out [[spoiler: that the mole is actually Tobias (Mr. F being Mr. ''Funke''.) Rita's real secret: she's mentally retarded.]]
* In the ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' episode [[Recap/SupernaturalS02E21AllHellBreaksLoosePartOne "All Hell Breaks Loose, Part One" (S02, Ep21)]], Lily seems to be holding the VillainBall, but it is actually the adorable [[spoiler:Ava]] who begins killing the other Special Children.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/CaveStory'': Professor Booster appears as a [[EvilEyebrows grumpy-looking]], [[EvilOldFolks old]] [[MadScientist scientist]] in a [[LabcoatOfScienceAndMedicine white coat]] wearing [[OpaqueLenses opaque]], [[RedEyesTakeWarning signal red glasses]]. It doesn't help that the game's main antagonist throughout the story is also a [[MadDoctor doctor in a white coat]]. Nonetheless he never switches sides, [[spoiler: and even stays loyal until his death in one continuity of the game, giving away an item to the protagonist with his last bit of strength that he could otherwise have used to save himself]].
* In ''VideoGame/PaperMarioTheThousandYearDoor'', the player is given every reason to think Jolene is responsible for the mysterious disappearances around the Glitz Pit. [[spoiler: Nope, it's Grubba, the Glitz Pit's manager; turns out Jolene was snooping around to find evidence of Grubba's evil plot to expose him.]]
* Gorath in ''VideoGame/BetrayalAtKrondor'', a dark elf who joins the humans for the good of his own race, is suspected of being a double agent for much of the game, with several unfortunate (and no doubt orchestrated by his enemies) incidents painting him in a highly suspicious light. When the party arrives in Romney to find the Krondorian Lancers brutally murdered, one of the witnesses reports of someone sharing Gorath's name and description supposedly being seen there earlier, much to James' fury. Later, when Gorath and Owyn are captured by Delekhan, the former is treated somewhat like a spy who has failed in his tasks. Owyn is unsettled by the idea but concludes that he still needs Gorath's help to get out of there alive, whatever his real loyalties might be.
* In the 2009 ''[[GhostbustersTheVideoGame Ghostbusters]]'' video game Walter Peck spends almost the entire game actively hindering the team, to the point where they suspect he is secretly a Gozer cultist. [[spoiler: It turns out that he's just an idiot, the Mayor on the other hand has been possessed and set Peck on the Ghostbusters to slow down their progress.]]
* [[spoiler: Colias Palaeno]] is this in ''Franchise/AceAttorney'', so sweet and innocent that the player is driven to think they must be guilty of ''something''. [[spoiler: Not guilty, just too clueless to know TheDragon of the smuggling ring was his secretary.]] In fact, it's more unnerving that's he's always nice and helps you to the best of his ability.
* In ''FireEmblem'' ''Path of Radiance'', while you're at sea, you see a cutscene with [[BigBad Ashnard]] which basically sums up to that while Ike and co. have escaped with Princess Elincia, they have a spy in their group reporting on their every move. The very next scene, you find a stowaway, the young thief Sothe, on your ship and have to choose whether to recruit him or not. It doesn't help that Sothe won't tell you what he's doing there for quite a few more chapters. [[spoiler:Naturally, Sothe is innocent. He was keeping quiet because he was from Daein, and his true goal has nothing to do with Asnhard. The real mole is Nasir, the trustworthy ally of the Laguz who owns the ship you're on.]]
* ''[[BatenKaitos Baten Kaitos: Eternal Wings And the Long Lost Ocean]]'' has two -Savyna and Lyude. Both have ties to TheEmpire you're fighting against, with Lyude being an Imperial Officer and Savyna an assassin they employed. Both of them are discussed by other characters as being likely candidates for TheMole. Of course, they're both innocent. The real spy is [[spoiler: Kalas, the ''main character''.]]
* ''InazumaEleven GO'' has [[spoiler:Kariya, just a jerk]] who says he's a SEED from Fifth Sector to screw with Kirino.
* It makes most of the fun in ''VideoGame/TroubleInTerroristTown'', given how players may gun other ones down because they've mistaken them to be the traitor. Whether or not this is due to griefing, trolling or PoorCommunicationKills depends on what game lobby you land in.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Webcomics ]]

* ''RPGWorld'' has Eikre, who, despite an amazing number of coincidences and several characters' suspicions, is not Galgarion in disguise.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* In a particularly nasty example for a kid's show, ''TransformersAnimated'' has [[spoiler:Wasp, who is framed as a traitor and spends over fifty years in prison. The real traitor gets away with it and eventually gets [[NiceJobBreakingItHero promoted to chief of intelligence]].]]
* WesternAnimation/YoungJustice has one in Artemis. Girl who appears out of nowhere with a mysterious back-story? Seems to have shady connections? Shortly after she joins the team they get a tip about there being a mole? It was so obvious that most fans dismissed her immediately.
** There were two others. Miss Martian, who seems like a sweet girl, except she's clearly hiding something, and Super Boy who's [[CloningBlues dubious background]] made it likely that he was a ManchurianAgent. In the end [[spoiler: all three of them came clean, and TheMole turned out to be Roy, who really ''was'' a ManchurianAgent.]]

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Real Life ]]

* The mole hunt that eventually nabbed notorious FBI spy Robert Hanssen was focused for some time on the wrong person, a CIA agent who turned out to be innocent. The Bureau questioned the CIA officer and his family at length, until they acquired a recording of the mole and realized they'd been looking at the wrong man. Hanssen's arrest followed a few months later.
* This trope is why it's extremely difficult to convict someone in criminal court using circumstantial evidence only.

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