[[quoteright:256:[[VideoGame/PokemonTradingCardGame http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/TCG_Boxart_742.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:256:[[VideoGame/PokemonTradingCardGame The video game]] based on the [[TabletopGame/{{Pokemon}} hit card game]] based on the [[VideoGame/PokemonRedAndBlue hit video game]]! Now with a special card!]]

->''"Film/{{Grease 2}}: The Musical Based On The Sequel To The Movie Based On The Musical"''
-->-- '''Sign''' outside of Springfield Community Theater, ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' episode "The Monkey Suit"

%% One quote is sufficient. Please place additional quotes on the quotes tab.

Something that can happen when a work is adapted, and then ''that'' is adapted, and it's repeated, to the point where it gets adapted back into the original medium. Often because the original version [[InNameOnly is so far from the adapted version]] that it's useless as a tie-in, so the work ''had'' to be adapted back. It can also be due to AdaptationDisplacement, however.

This is the result of making a {{novelization}} of a movie based on a book, or making a movie out of a ScreenToStageAdaptation, effectively [[TheRemake remaking]] the original movie. See also RecursiveImport, ThirdOptionAdaptation, and CanonImmigrant.

----
!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''BattleAngelAlita: Last Order'', manga → game → manga.
* ''CharsCounterattack'': Novel (''Hi-Streamer'') → Movie → Novel (''Beltorchika's Children''). Note that both novels were written by series creator YoshiyukiTomino, and none of these are straight adaptations.
* ''[[Manga/DragonBall Dragon Ball Z]]'' had a double recursive adaptation: the fourth ''Dragon Ball Z'' {{RPG}} for the [[NintendoEntertainmentSystem Family Computer]] was titled ''[[GaidenGame Dragon Ball Z Gaiden]]'', which featured a new storyline written specifically for the game. A two-part video guide for the game was then released that was essentially a ''Manga/DragonBall Z'' {{OVA}} with footage of the Famicom game spliced in between. The animated segments of the video guide were then reused for two [[FullMotionVideo FMV games]] released for Bandai's short-lived Macintosh-based Pippin game console in Japan.
** ''Manga/DragonBall'' Jump Festa special, ''Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!!'', was adapted into a one-shot manga by Ooishi Naho.
** The ''Manga/DragonBall Z'' TV special ''Bardock: The Father of Goku'' featured an original storyline that wasn't in the original manga, years later Naho Ooishi wrote a manga miniseries called ''Manga/DragonBall: Episode of Bardock'' set after the events of the TV special. Episode of Bardock is now getting an anime adaptation. That makes it an OVA adapted from a manga which is a sequel to an anime TV special which was spun-off from a manga. Also, just to make it more confusing, Bardock as a character received CanonImmigrant status in a flashback in Toriyama's original manga.
* Behold ''Anime/GhostInTheShellStandAloneComplex'', the manga based on the anime based on the movie based on the manga. Available at a bookstore near you.
** Also behold ''Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex: Solid State Society'', the movie based on the anime based on the movie based on the manga.
* ''Manga/LupinIII'' is a [[SeriesFranchise multi-media franchise]] that began as a serial manga. After making its way to Anime, some of the stories have become full-colour manga volumes.
** Comic Souris has made full-colour manga from: ''Anime/TheCastleOfCagliostro'' (a three-book set) and Anime/LupinIIIGreenJacket (Volumes 2 through 12). The best example of recursion is when a Green Jacket episode was aired based on a manga chapter, and turned into a manga volume.
** Action Comics made a four-volume set from ''Anime/TheCastleOfCagliostro''.
* ''MahouSenseiNegima'' (manga) → ''[[Anime/NegimaSecondSeason Negima!?]]'' (anime) → ''Negima!? Neo'' (manga).
* ''Manga/OnePiece'' had a video game adaptation that had an original story, and the story of the game later got adapted into a {{Filler}} arc in the anime.
* ''{{Trigun}}'' is a strange beast; it began as a manga, which ended prematurely due to publication issues but shortly after was adapted as an anime with a definite conclusion to the story; but later the original manga was republished under a different magazine, and continued on while borrowing story elements from ''its own adaptation''.
* ''Manga/YuGiOh'' was originally a manga which was adapted into an [[Anime/YuGiOh anime]]. The anime received a spinoff, ''Anime/YuGiOhGX'', which was adapted back into a [[Manga/YuGiOhGX manga]]. The same goes for [[Anime/YuGiOh5Ds subsequent]] [[Anime/YuGiOhZexal spinoffs]] too.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Just about every comic book-based film has been adapted back into a comic book.
** A trend that oddly started with Saga of the Swamp Thing Annual#1, adapting the 1982 film. (Due to scripter Mario Puzo's contract, no direct novelization or adaptation of the first two Superman films appeared.)
* Various recent animated DC Comics properties have received their own continuing comic book series: ''[[WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries Batman]] Adventures'', ''[[WesternAnimation/SupermanTheAnimatedSeries Superman]] Adventures'', ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague Adventures'', ''Justice League Unlimited'', ''WesternAnimation/BatmanBeyond'', ''WesternAnimation/TheBatman Strikes!'', ''ComicBook/TeenTitansGo'', ''WesternAnimation/LegionOfSuperheroes in the 31st Century'' (the last of which ''would'' have used the plot from [[TheResolutionWillNotBeTelevised the canceled third season]] had it not itself been canceled a few months later), and ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold''.
** ''WesternAnimation/SuperFriends'' goes an extra step. Comic → Toys → Cartoon → Comic. And it's adorable and fun.
** Even weirder is that DC once had a comic based around a Bruce Timm-inspired animated world with its own version of Superman, Justice League, etc. This was before [[WesternAnimation/SupermanTheAnimatedSeries Superman]] or ''Justice League Unlimited'' but seemingly taking place in the world of WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries. So it was a comic series based on a cartoon that would later have its own [[{{DCAU}} cartoon equivalent]] anyway.
** Special mention must be made for the ''ComicBook/YoungJustice / Comicbook/TeenTitans'' loop: YJ was a popular LighterAndSofter comic, which was adapted thematically into the [[WesternAnimation/TeenTitans TT cartoon]], which got a comic book version ''drawn by the former artist of the YJ comic''. Now, there is a [[WesternAnimation/YoungJustice YJ cartoon]] based on the DarkerAndEdgier TT comic, which has, in turn, gotten ''its own'' comic book adaptation taking place before and between episodes of the toon which, in turn, has several episodes ''written by the writer of the original YJ comic.'' Wheels within wheels, folks...
*** To add to the confusion, the TT cartoon was spun-off into a new comedy series, ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitansGo''. Which ended up getting it's ''own'' comic book adaptation. Meaning that it's a [[ComicBook/TeenTitans comic]] that went to a [[WesternAnimation/TeenTitans cartoon]] that went to a [[ComicBook/TeenTitansGo comic book]] that went to a [[WesternAnimation/TeenTitansGo cartoon]] that went to a comic.
** There is a comic book which is officially ''Series/{{Smallville}}'' Season 11.
** DC typically uses their comic book adaptations of their animated shows to produce G-rated stories about their characters for kids (which are normally written at a PG-13 or above level for the aged 18 to 30 demographic that has emerged over the last few decades.) Similar to the ''Marvel Adventures'' line.
* Dark Horse had ''Adventures of the Mask'', adapting the [[WesternAnimation/TheMask animated series]] based on [[Film/TheMask the film]] based on [[ComicBook/TheMask the comic]].
* And Marvel has ''Comicbook/{{X-Men}} Adventures,'' and a very shortlived ''XMenEvolution'' comic. Basically, "Adventures" in a comic book name is a sure sign that you're reading the comic of the show of the comic, but not ''all'' of them will have "Adventures" in the name.
** Usually only at the end of the title. ''Adventures of {{Superman}}'' was regular [[TheDCU DC Comics Continuity]], while ''[[WesternAnimation/SupermanTheAnimatedSeries Superman]] Adventures'' was, as above, an adaptation of [[WesternAnimation/SupermanTheAnimatedSeries the cartoon]].
* ''Franchise/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles'' went [[ComicBook/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtlesMirage comic book]] → [[TMNT1987 animated series]] → [[ComicBook/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtlesAdventures Archie comic book]]. Eventually occurred with the [[TMNT2003 second cartoon]] as well, although the resulting comic book ended up having a much shorter shelf-life than its predecessor.
** There's also comic book → first movie → comic book adaptation written and drawn by the original creators, resulting in the slightly weird case of the Turtles looking just like they do in the [[ComicBook/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtlesMirage Mirage stories]], but behaving like their [[Film/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles movie counterparts]] (ordering pizza, for example).
* In a slightly different case, the plot of the ''VideoGame/UltimateSpiderMan'' game was adapted back into the comic as the "War of the Symbiotes" StoryArc.
* The ''WesternAnimation/DuckTales'' comic book series is a comic book based on a [[WesternAnimation/DuckTales cartoon]] based on a [[ComicBook/DisneyDucksComicUniverse comic book]] based on a [[ClassicDisneyShorts cartoon]].
* DCComics used to have a title called ''HumanTarget'', about MasterOfDisguise Christopher Chance who would disguise himself as people whose lives were in danger in order to draw out their attacker. This recently got an InNameOnly TV adaptation, where Chance isn't a MasterOfDisguise, he's just an undercover bodyguard. DCComics have released a new ''HumanTarget'' comic based on this.
** There was a more faithful TV adaptation. You've probably never heard of it because it lasted all of five episodes or so. This also got a one-shot comic adaptation.
* The ''Comicbook/{{Hellboy}}'' comics were adapted into the ''WesternAnimation/HellboyAnimated'' direct-to-DVD films, which were then adapted into a ''Hellboy Animated'' comic series.
** The DVD animated films were also [[TieInNovel Tie In Videos]] to the [[Film/{{Hellboy}} 2004 and 2008 theatrical releases]], using much of the same cast to provide the voices.
* ''TheMiddleman'' started off as a TV pitch that ended up a series for Viper Comics which became a TV show on ABC Family which returned to comic form for the show's [[TheResolutionWillNotBeTelevised unaired 13th and final episode]].
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Ultimate Spider-Man}}'' animated series has a comic adaptation called ''Marvel Universe-Ultimate Spider-Man''. That's a comic retold as [[UltimateUniverse another comic]], adapted into WesternAnimation, adapted back into a comic. The cartoon also incorporates unique elements of the MarvelCinematicUniverse, which itself is an adaptation of both the MarvelUniverse and UltimateMarvel.
** Incidentally, ''Ultimate Spider-Man'' had an original character, a new ComicBook/WhiteTiger, become a CanonImmigrant to the MarvelUniverse before the series even premiered.
** ''WesternAnimation/AvengersEarthsMightiestHeroes'' also had a comic book adaptation. Like ''Ultimate Spider-Man'', the animated version incorporated elements from the Franchise/MarvelUniverse, UltimateMarvel, and the Franchise/MarvelCinematicUniverse. Naturally, it went by the name ''[[ComicBook/AvengersEarthsMightiestHeroes Marvel Universe-The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes]]''.
* DC has launched ''Toys/AmeComiGirls'', a comic based on a popular line of {{Animesque}} figurines of comic characters, which would make it a comic based on merchandise based on comics.
* The films in the MarvelCinematicUniverse usually have comic book tie-ins that either outright adapt the events of the movies, or [[AllThereInTheManual explain what went on in-between each installment]]. For example, there's a comic set in-between ''Film/TheAvengers'' and ''Film/IronMan3'' that explains where Comicbook/WarMachine was during the Chitauri invasion of New York.
* Likewise, there were a few one-shot comic prequels published for ''Film/XMen1'' and ''Film/X2XMenUnited''. A lot of them were pushed into CanonDiscontinuity by the later films in the franchise.
* IDW have announced they're publishing a comic based on ''GeneratorRex'', which was based on the short-lived ImageComics title ''M. Rex''.
* 2013's ''Batman '66'' comic is an adaptation of the 1966 Adam West ''Series/{{Batman}}'' series, which of course was itself an adaptation of the Franchise/{{Batman}} comics that had been printed up to that time.
* ''Film/{{Dredd}}'' had a prequel comic printed in the ''JudgeDredd Megazine'' which told [[BigBad Ma-Ma's]] origin story. There's also an upcoming series carrying on from the film's continuity.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* ''FanFic/FalloutEquestria'': game → fanfic → game. The game based on the fic is currently in the works.
** Something similar has also been attempted for ''WebAnimation/TurnaboutStorm'', though not very many details are available as to the progress of the game.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* Literature/TheCatInTheHat: book → [[Film/TheCatInTheHat movie]] → book
* ''Film/TheProducers'': [[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0063462/trivia?tab=tr&item=tr1367536 Playboy interview]] (1966) → movie about a musical (1968) → Broadway musical (2001) → movie of the musical (2005).
* ''{{Hairspray}}'': movie (1988) → Broadway musical (2002) → movie musical (2007).
* ''Little Shop of Horrors'': [[Film/TheLittleShopOfHorrors movie]] (1960) → [[Theatre/LittleShopOfHorrors off-Broadway musical]] (1982) → [[Film/LittleShopOfHorrors movie]] (1986) → [[WesternAnimation/LittleShop animated series]] (1991).
* ''{{Ninotchka}}'' (1939) became the Broadway musical ''Silk Stockings'', which was in turn filmed in 1957.
* The musical ''MyFairLady'' was based on the 1938 movie version of ''Theatre/{{Pygmalion}}'' [[LostInImitation as much as on George Bernard Shaw's original play]]. It was made into a movie in 1964.
* Federico Fellini's 1957 film ''Film/NightsOfCabiria'' was adapted into the Broadway musical ''Theatre/SweetCharity'', which was filmed in 1969.
* Fellini's ''8 1/2'' became the Broadway musical ''Theatre/{{Nine}}'', a film adaptation of which was released in 2009.
* ''Film/ReeferMadness: The Movie Musical''
* ''Film/{{Metropolis}}'' is a borderline example. It started out as a movie, then the ''Manga/AstroBoy'' guy made a manga that was [[InNameOnly inspired by briefly glancing at the poster]], and then someone made a feature film out of ''that'' -- which actually resembled the original film more than the manga did, as it heavily emphasized the elements of the manga that were ''already'' coincidentally similar to the film.
* If you guessed this has happened to any of the {{Live Action Adaptation}}s to Dr. Seuss' books, give yourself some green eggs and ham!
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Madagascar}}'' produced the AlternateContinuity TV spinoff ''ThePenguinsOfMadagascar'', which stars the EnsembleDarkHorse penguins from the film. And now they're making a feature film based on ''that''.
* ''Film/RoadToPerdition'': ''LoneWolfAndCub'' manga → ''LoneWolfAndCub'' movies → ''RoadToPerdition'' graphic novel → film.
* ''Film/TheLEGOMovie'': Construction toys → Video Game Tie-in → movie → [[http://lego.wikia.com/wiki/The_LEGO_Movie_%28Theme%29 construction toys]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* Both the films ''Film/BramStokersDracula'' and ''Film/MaryShelleysFrankenstein'' had new {{novelization}}s written, despite being based on classic novels themselves. ''And'' having included the original author's name [[InCaseYouForgotWhoWroteIt in the title of the movie]], as if to give an air of authenticity. Creator/FredSaberhagen wrote the novelization of ''Bram Stoker's Dracula''; Saberhagen reportedly offered his services on the Frankenstein novel as well, solely for the purpose of being able to put "''Mary Shelley's Frankenstein'': From the author of ''Bram Stoker's Dracula''" on the cover. Ah, WhatCouldHaveBeen...
* ''Film/TheThing1982'' also had a {{novelization}}... making it a novel based on a film based on a short story (ignoring the previous film version of the short story which had little to do with the original).
* Hollywood producers offered Philip K. Dick the chance to write the {{novelization}} of ''Film/BladeRunner'', itself a loose FilmOfTheBook (the screenwriters had not read the original book) of his ''Literature/DoAndroidsDreamOfElectricSheep?'' They would have paid a lot of money to do this, but, feeling insulted he refused. This led to the release of tie-in editions of ''Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?'' re-titled and looking for all the world like ''Film/BladeRunner'' novelizations. Later, when his short story "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" [[AdaptationDisplacement inspired]] the movie ''Film/TotalRecall1990''. Having gone through DevelopmentHell and many screenwriters, the script was essentially an original script with even less in common with its source material than ''Film/BladeRunner''. By the time of the film's release, PiersAnthony had written a novelization of ''Total Recall''. The novelization came out in 1989. The movie came out in 1990.
* ''Literature/BlackBeauty'', originally a novel, had a movie made out of it. And then the movie was novelized into a children's book with pictures from the movie in the middle.
* Several movies based on children's books wind up getting adapted into children's books again. Recent examples include ''Literature/{{Inkheart}}'' and ''Literature/TheTaleOfDespereaux''.
* Anthony Trollope's six-volume Palliser series (long) was adapted into a twenty-six episode miniseries (also long) only to be novelized again in a single volume (very, very short).
* Creator/FritzLeiber adapted ''Tarzan and the City of Gold'' starring Mike Henry into a prose {{Tarzan}} novel. He took pains to footnote past Tarzan adventures by Creator/EdgarRiceBurroughs to make this a canonical continuation of the Tarzan continuity of Burroughs.
* ''WesternAnimation/StarTrekTheAnimatedSeries'' example: the episode "The Slaver Weapon" was adapted by Larry Niven from his own original (unrelated to Star Trek) short story "The Soft Weapon". The episode itself was then subsequently novelised by Alan Dean Foster as a Star Trek novel. This means that there are two print versions of the exact same story, both of which are similar but also startlingly different from each other.
* Many ''Series/TheSaint'' comic strip arcs and TV episodes received prose adaptations by Leslie Charteris and other writers. These adaptations fit into the Saint's [[Literature/TheSaint literary continuity]]. Examples include The Saint in Trouble (has a footnote to the events of The Last Hero) and Salvage for the Saint.
* Will Murray wrote some Remo Williams comic books, at least one of which he adapted into a prose novel.
* Max Allan Collins wrote a ''Series/{{Bones}}'' novel. This counts as a recursive adaptation as the Bones TV series adapts Kathy Reichs' concepts from her novels.
* Carl Dreadstone adaptations of the Universal, many of whom started in prose.
* 1977 novelization of Lancaster version of ''Film/TheIslandOfDoctorMoreau'.
* The novelization of Creator/TimBurton's ''PlanetOfTheApes'' remake was a novelization of a remake of a film adapted from an English translation of a French novel. Yikes.
* Joy Hakim's ''A History of US'' middle-school textbook series was adapted into a PBS documentary series ''Freedom: A History of US,'' which was released concurrently with a history book (not quite written for middle-schoolers, but for all casual readers) adaptation of the documentaries, sharing the revamped title with the documentaries. So Textbook → Documentary → history book.
* The run-up to the Jackson ''Film/TheLordOfTheRings'' adaptation inspired [[http://www.revolutionsf.com/article.php?id=838 this memorable parody]].
* The ''MagicSchoolBus'' series had books based on the TV series based on the book. They were by far the least educational of the versions.
* Both ''WesternAnimation/{{Arthur}}'' and ''{{Franklin}}'' began their lives as popular book series. Both have since been made into television series. In turn, episodes of those series have been released as books, though they've generally avoided releasing episodes as books that were adapted from books in the first place.
* ''Film/HowToTrainYourDragon: [[TheyJustDidntCare The Chapter Book]].'' Seriously, that's the actual title.
* The ''{{Goosebumps}}'' series by R.L. Stine was adapted into a TV show, which then was adapted back into books based on the episode (though, these books were written by someone else).
* ''Literature/{{Moonraker}}'' has an interesting history as a book → movie → book. It was the third ''Literature/JamesBond'' novel by Creator/IanFleming. It was then adapted into [[Film/{{Moonraker}} a film in 1979]]... but the film only incorporated the villain (Hugo Drax) and the idea of a rocket from the novel. The screenwriter, Christopher Wood, adapted his screenplay into a book of the movie, titled ''James Bond and Moonraker'' to differentiate it from the original novel.
* Mary Roberts Rinehart adapted her detective novel ''The Circular Staircase'' in collaboration with Avery Hopwood into the play ''TheBat'', whose runaway success led to a novelization.
* ''Literature/TheFoxAndTheHound'', a novel by Daniel P. Mannix, and obviously literature to begin with, was very very loosely adapted into a [[Disney/TheFoxAndTheHound Disney movie]] which was then further adapted into another series of books.
* ''Literature/WhereTheWildThingsAre'' started as a picture book, then was adapted into [[AdaptationExpansion a much longer and more detailed movie]], and the movie has its novelized version, titled ''Wild Things.''
* Nearly every popular animated movie has a children's book version, including movies that are based on books or stories.
* ''Conan the Barbarian'', both the [[Film/ConanTheBarbarian1982 1982]] and [[Film/ConanTheBarbarian2011 2011]] versions, received novelizations. (Admittedly, an unusual entry, since the films did not especially specifically adapt the tales from the 1950's reprint volume Conan the Barbarian.) Robert Jordan also wrote a novelization of 'Film/ConanTheDestroyer'', but no anthology or novel had used that title.
* Significant changes were made to ''[[JohnCarterOfMars A Princess of Mars]]'' to get the movie ''Film/JohnCarter'', but at least the novelization included the original novel as an added feature in the back of the book!
* ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'' was based off the book ''Film/WhoCensoredRogerRabbit''. The film then led to the book ... ''Who Framed Roger Rabbit''. Not a straight example because only the characters were used but rather close.
* The first ''Film/JurassicPark'' film was based fairly directly on Creator/MichaelCrichton's [[Literature/JurassicPark novel]], though differed in several major respects – including just which characters [[SparedByTheAdaptation survive]] or [[DeathByAdaptation not]]. Crichton's subsequent book ''The Lost World'' was written more as a sequel to the movie, rather than the novel, given the sudden UnexplainedRecovery experience necessary for one major protagonist to appear after his [[NotQuiteDead apparent]] fate in the original novel. This new book was itself swiftly followed by a movie of (partly) the same name, although adapted more loosely still. A second sequel movie was then produced titled ''Film/JurassicParkIII'', combining some characters from the first book/film with the setting of the second and at least one major inspiration (the pterosaur 'cage') from the original novel. By the time we got to the third movie we're 4 steps away from the original book in general, though.
** As a straighter example, the film adaptation of ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' was given the junior novelization treatment. So, book of the film of the book. The same is true of ''Westernanimation/CloudyWithAChanceOfMeatballs'', ''{{Jumanji}}'' and ''Film/{{Zathura}}''.
* Pretty much any fairy tale that Disney adapted was later released by them as either picture books, a movie novelization, a manga, or all of the above, including ''Disney/BeautyAndTheBeast'', ''Disney/SleepingBeauty'' and ''Disney/{{Cinderella}}'', to name just a few.
* Robert Sheckley novelized Condorman, loosely based on his novel The Game of X.
* Some Ellery Queen film adaptations received novelizations.
* The dramatic novel by Peter George ''Red Alert'' was adapted to the Kubrik film ''DrStrangelove'' with a lot of satirical elements. George would go onto make a novelization of the film.
* The book ''Literature/{{Wicked}}'' is based on a [[TheWizardofOz movie based on a stage musical based on a book]]. One wonders how long it will take them to make a movie based on [[Theatre/{{Wicked}} the stage musical]] that's based on the book ''Wicked''.
* JaneAndTheDragon was a series of children's books that got an animated series, which in turn had a few episodes get the {{Novelization}} treatment.
* David Morell wrote ''First Blood'', which was adapted into the ''Franchise/{{Rambo}}'' series of films. Morell then penned novelizations of the first two sequels, which have more in common with the films than the original book since [[spoiler: Rambo dies at the end of the original story.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Television (''TheTwilightZone'') → theme park ride (''[[DisneyThemeParks The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror]]'') → television (MadeForTVMovie ''TowerOfTerror'')
* TheHistoryChannel MiniSeries of ''Series/TheBible2013'' released a {{novelization}} called ''The Story of God and All of Us''.
* ''{{Monk}}'' recieved a series of non-canon tie-in novels set throughout the series. Two of the plots from these novels (''Mr. Monk Goes to the Firehouse'' and ''Mr. Monk and the Blue Flu'') were later loosely adapted into episodes of the main television series (''Mr. Monk Can't See a Thing'' and ''Mr. Monk and the Badge'', respectively), albeit with some differences (The most significant being the main plot point of ''[[TemporaryBlindness Can't See a Thing]]'').
* After ''Series/DoctorWho'' was revived on TV, there were quite a few cases of ExpandedUniverse stories being remade as television episodes.
** Full-scale adaptations are "Human Nature"/"The Family of Blood" (a Tenth Doctor TV story based on the Literature/DoctorWhoNewAdventures novel ''Human Nature''), "Blink" (a Tenth Doctor TV story based on the prose Ninth Doctor annual short story "What I Did on my Summer Holidays, by Sally Sparrow") and "The Lodger" (an Eleventh Doctor TV story based on a Tenth Doctor ''Magazine/DoctorWhoMagazine'' comic story of the same title).
** Looser adaptations are "Dalek" (a Ninth Doctor TV story loosely based on the Sixth Doctor AudioPlay/BigFinishDoctorWho drama ''Jubilee'', earlier drafts of which were reportedly much more heavily based on the audio), and "The Shakespeare Code" (a Tenth Doctor TV story loosely based on the Ninth Doctor ''Magazine/DoctorWhoMagazine'' comic strip story "A Groatsworth Of Wit").
** The Third Doctor was partially based on Film/JamesBond, who was allegedly partially based on Jon Pertwee.
* RedDwarf's novel Infinity Welcomes Careful Drivers had some plots used for episodes of the TV show, notably in "White Hole". The book also explains a lot of what happened before most of the crew were killed, and some of it was adapted into Series 8. Something of a subversion in that the book is often inconsistent with the show's plot, but this was done deliberately (it is inconsistent in show too). The other books "Better Than Life", "Backwards" and "Last Human" had some features put into the show too, but none as much as the first book.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Not quite a direct franchise adaptation, but the role-playing game ''phenomenon'' inspired the Niven & Barnes novel ''Literature/DreamPark'' and its sequels. R. Talsorian Games then adapted the novel into an actual tabletop RPG.
* Another quasi-example: ''MagicTheGathering'' sells a few of the decks used in its ''Duels of the Planeswalkers'' video game as pre-made decks. Of course, there's nothing [[CrackIsCheaper but money]] preventing the dedicated player from making the decks himself.
* Words With Friends: The Boardgame. In one of the most {{egregious}} examples possible, Zynga copies the concept of Scrabble to make a video game, then licenses it back to Hasbro, the company they copied it from.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/StreetFighterII'' inspired a LiveActionAdaptation simply titled ''Film/StreetFighter'', which in turn inspire not one, but two fighting games based on it, both titled ''Street Fighter: The Movie''. The arcade version was made by Incredible Technologies. The console version, often mistaken to be a port of the arcade version, plays more like a standard ''Street Fighter'' game (specifically like a slower ''Super SF II Turbo'') and it's generally considered a decent game, albeit not at the same level as the other games in the series.
** ''Anime/StreetFighterIITheAnimatedMovie'' also had its own game version, albeit one that [[NoExportForYou came out only in Japan]]. Instead of being a traditional fighting games, it was some weird pseudo-life sim where you controlled the newest model of Shadaloo's Monitor Cyborgs and develop his fighting abilities by watching [[FullMotionVideo FMV footage]] of the actual movie (along with new scenes made for the game) and "analyzing" the characters' special moves. There is a ''Super Turbo''-style fight sequence in the end, but the Cyborg's moves are the same ones that Ken has in ''Super Turbo'' (including his ''Shoryu Reppa'').
* ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}''
** video game → [[TabletopGame/{{Pokemon}} collectible card game]] → [[VideoGame/PokemonTradingCardGame video game]]. (And the promotional cards that came with the game and its strategy guide are based on those from the video game, adding another layer...)
** Also, ''[[VideoGame/PokemonRedAndBlue Yellow Version]]'' is video game → [[Anime/{{Pokemon}} anime]] → video game. This eventually went double-recursive when Ash and Gary finally battled each other in the [[Anime/{{Pokemon}} anime]]: Ash uses Pikachu while Gary uses an Eevee, which are the Pokémon their game counterparts start with in the ''Yellow Version''.
** It gets better. The Surfing Pikachu card is a reference to Pokemon Yellow, and is included in the video game version. That's video game → [[Anime/{{Pokemon}} anime]] → video game → trading card game → video game.
** ''Pokemon Puzzle League'', aside from being an updated version of PanelDePon, is a pretty massive recursive adaptation in its own right, given that the Puzzle Master is none other than [[spoiler: Mewtwo]] from [[Anime/PokemonTheFirstMovie the movie]]. So the adaptation goes: game --> anime --> movie --> game.
* ''VideoGame/DoubleDragon'' inspired an animated series produced by DiC and Bohbot Entertainment, which had an American-developed fighting game tie-in titled ''Double Dragon V: The Shadow Falls''. [[Film/DoubleDragon The Movie]] also had its own fighting game version for the Neo-Geo, which was developed by Technos themselves.
* Hoo boy, ''VideoGame/SuperRobotWars''. Initially a series of games centered around anime [[MassiveMultiplayerCrossover crossovers]] which eventually got a sub-series of games based on its OriginalGeneration. Said subseries got its own AnimatedAdaptation and an OVA sequel. And ''then'' the first two OG games got a remake that changed plot elements to accomodate scenes from the anime, and a bonus segment based on the OVA. And after ''that'', a GaidenGame was released that continued the plot of the bonus segment and threw in elements from what was essentially a ''radio play''. Together with all the {{Canon Immigrant}}s getting tossed around between series and mediums, ''Super Robot Wars'' has more loops than your average roller coaster ride.
* ''[[VideoGame/DoctorRobotniksMeanBeanMachine Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine]]'', which was a [[DolledUpInstallment creative localization]] of ''VIdeoGame/PuyoPuyo'' based off the ''WesternAnimation/AdventuresOfSonicTheHedgehog'' animated series, which was based off of the ''Franchise/SonicTheHedgehog'' ''games''.
** If you want to stretch it that far, ''VideoGame/SonicSpinball'' is a video game loosely based on (read: has cameos from) the ''ComicBook/SonicTheHedgehog'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Sonic SatAM}}'', and Archie Comics series (which were, as above, based on the original games), which eventually got its own comic adaptation.
** There was going to be [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pnsn0_w6K9Q a straight example of this]]--that is, a ''Sonic'' game based on the ''[=SatAM=]'' cartoon, which in turn was based on the video games--but it was canceled.
** ''VideoGame/SonicChronicles: The Dark Brotherhood'' was very heavily inspired by [[ComicBook/ArchieComicsSonicTheHedgehog Archie Comics' comic line]], and the comic has recently been taking in idea from the game.
** ''WesternAnimation/SonicBoom'' is a reimagining of the Sonic universe as an animated CGI cartoon series and will have a [[VideoGame/SonicBoom companion video game]] that acts as a prologue to the story of the cartoon.
* ''Franchise/TombRaider'' has an interesting example, in that it started as a game, and then became a movie which was a failure for fans of the game. And then the games became failure for fans of the game. Eventually, they borrowed elements from the movie to make the new game series (also putting a "Lara Croft" before the title, similar to the movies), which has actually made it more successful and relevant than its been in years.
* ''VideoGame/{{F-Zero}}: GP Legend''--a video game based on the anime of the same name, based upon the ''F-Zero'' franchise of video games.
* ''VideoGame/{{Pac-Man}}'' → the Saturday morning cartoon ''Pac-Man'' → ''Pac-Land'', a sidescrolling platformer based on the cartoon.
** In Japan however, it became a (slightly) DolledUpInstallment. It was still ''Pac-Land'', but with changes made to certain sprites, including Pac-Man himself, where he looks more like Namco's official artwork.
** ''VideoGame/PacMan'' game franchise → ''WesternAnimation/PacManAndTheGhostlyAdventures'' cartoon → ''VideoGame/PacManAndTheGhostlyAdventures'' LicensedGame
* ''MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha'', the ''TriangleHeart3SweetSongsForever'' added mini-scenario (game) → ''MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha'' series (anime) → ''MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha A's'' [[PlayStationPortable Portable]] - The Battle of the Aces (game)
* ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid'' had a 12-issue ComicBookAdaptation published by IDW, which was then adapted into a PSP game titled ''Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel''.
* The 2006 installment of Midway's ''SpyHunter'' series was actually based on the movie that was based on the game series. Except the ''Spy Hunter'' movie upon which the game was based ''never ended up being released''. Apparently they got tired of waiting, and decided to just release the game with no context.
* ''VideoGame/{{Bomberman}}'' → ''Anime/BombermanJetters'' → ''VideoGame/BombermanJetters'' video game.
* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' series (video game) → ''Strange and Bright Nature Deity'' ({{manga}} spinoff) → ''Fairy Wars'' (video game continuation of a story from the ''[=SaBND=]'' manga)
* VideoGame/CityOfHeroes goes ComicBook > MMORPG > ComicBook.
* Not across mediums, but across companies: Konami's ''Guitar Freaks'' → Harmonix's ''GuitarHero'' → Konami's ''VideoGame/RockRevolution''.
** Another RhythmGame non-pure example; Pac Man and other old arcade games → ''Pac Man Fever'' by Buckner and Garcia → ''Pac Man Fever'' on ''Rock Band'', including a song about Donkey Kong available on Xbox 360 and PS3.
* ''Literature/RoadsidePicnic'' (novel) → ''Stalker'' (short story[[note]]expanded into a script, by the same people plus Tarkovsky[[/note]]) → ''Film/{{Stalker}}'' (Tarkovsky movie) → ''VideoGame/{{STALKER}}'' (video game) → numerous novelizations → movie based on one of them.
* ''VideoGame/TakAndThePowerOfJuju'' started out as its own game series, became a [[WesternAnimaton/TakAndThePowerOfJuju cartoon]], and Tak from the cartoon appeared in NicktoonsUnite.
* ''Autobahn Raser'': racing game (1998) → InNameOnly [[TheMovie movie adaptation]] (2004) → racing game based on the movie (2004).
* The additional cars and tracks from the home versions of ''SanFranciscoRush 2049'' were incorporated into the UpdatedRerelease [=/=]SpecialEdition of the arcade version, as well as two of the BGM's from the Dreamcast version to go with the new tracks. The tracks also had new shortcuts added.
* The ''Franchise/StarWars'' films lead to the space simulator ''VideoGame/XWing'', which lead to the ''ComicBook/XWingSeries'' starring Wedge Antilles and his Rogue Squadron, which lead to the ''VideoGame/RogueSquadron'' series of games.
* ''VideoGame/AdventureIsland'' → ''Honey the Bug'' (anime) → ''Takahashi Meijin no Bugutte Honey'' (video game)
* ''VideoGame/TheKingOfFighters'' → ''The King of Fighters Kyo'' (manga) → ''The King of Fighters Kyo'' (video game)
* ''[[CarmenSandiego Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego?]]'' → ''WesternAnimation/WhereOnEarthIsCarmenSandiego'' (cartoon) → ''Carmen Sandiego Junior Detective'' (PC game)
* ''Arcus'' (early RPG series by [[Creator/TelenetJapan Wolf Team]]) → gag {{Yonkoma}} in ''Micom BASIC Magazine'' → ''[[http://mercenaryforce.web.fc2.com/x68k/x68000/00584.html Arcushu]]'' (adventure game)
* Parodied with ''VideoGame/IWannaBeTheGuy'': The Movie: The Game.
* ''MegaManBattleNetwork'': GBA games → [[MegaManNTWarrior anime]] → WonderSwan games
* ''VideoGame/VirtuaFighter'' → TheAnimeOfTheGame → ''Virtua Fighter Animation'' for the GameGear.
* ''{{VideoGame/Metro 2033}}'' is based on the [[{{Literature/Metro 2033}} novel of the same name]], and the game's sequel ''VideoGame/MetroLastLight'' is getting a novelization by the original author called ''Metro 2035''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Other]]
* ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'': Theme park ride → movie → revamped theme park ride.
* ''Franchise/{{Transformers}}'' started out as toys, went to an animated series, which then introduced new toys, some of which were used for new Transformers series, or for TheMovie, which got ''its own'' line of toys.
** Another Hasbro franchise to which something similar happened is ''MyLittlePony''. It started out as a line of plastic toy ponies with accessories, and in order to boost sales, an animated series was produced. Three generations later, since ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' was launched, the toys are more and more based on the animated series which in turn is based part on the first generation toys (or how LaurenFaust characterized them), part on the third generation (InNameOnly, though).
* ''Franchise/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'': [[Radio/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy Radio play]] → [[Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy Series of books]] → [[AudioAdaptation Radio plays based on the last three books that didn't start as radio plays]]. Plus, a fondly-recalled 1980s [[Series/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy television series]] based on the first two books (and, by extension, on at least the first radio series), and a [[DevelopmentHell forever delayed]] but finally-released 2005 [[Film/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy film version]] of the first book, which varied enough from the 'original' for a BrokenBase to result. Plus, a towel. Um, don't ask, but it's AllThereInTheManual. Oh, and recently the canon has added [[Literature/AndAnotherThing a sixth book]] [[TrilogyCreep in the trilogy]] by another author, several years after the AuthorExistenceFailure (a term based on a phrase of his from ''Hitchhiker's'', ironically) of Creator/DouglasAdams, the man behind most of the above.
* TabletopGame/{{Scrabble}}: {{Board Game|s}} → [[Series/{{Scrabble}} game show]] → [[HomeGame board game]].
** ''TabletopGame/TrivialPursuit'' followed a similar path.
* ''VideoGame/{{Civilization}}'': [[BoardGames Civilization]] → [[VideoGames Sid Meier's Civilization]] → [[TheBoardGame Sid Meier's Civilization: The Board Game]].
* A recurring {{MST}} suggestion for Podcast/RiffTrax is... ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000 TheMovie''!
** Which kind of came true in places which never had ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'' on TV, but where suddenly its treatment of ''ThisIslandEarth'' appeared on an official DVD, looking like a movie adaptation.
* The game of [[{{Calvinball}} Mornington Crescent]] on ''Radio/ImSorryIHaventAClue'' inspired two books detailing the history of the game: ''The Little Book of Mornington Crescent'' and ''Stovold's Mornington Crescent Almanac''. The later radio {{Mockumentary}} ''In Search of Mornington Crescent'' is essentally an AudioAdaptation of these books.
* The theatrical version of Disney's ''Disney/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame''. The theatrical version was notably DarkerAndEdgier than the LighterAndSofter Disney adaptation, keeping the dark tone of the book (having Esmeralda and Quasi die at the end, Frollo being a (former) priest, etc.) whilst keeping the plot points from the Disney version (Clopin being a sort of narrator, Frollo being a bastard, the lack of Gringorie, etc.)
* Japanese pro soccer player Hidetoshi Nakata cites the ''CaptainTsubasa'' manga and anime as his inspiration for pursuing a career in soccer. He got a cameo in ''InazumaEleven 2'' via a secret character based on and named after him. Said character became an AscendedExtra in the third game and consequently also appeared in the corresponding arc of the anime adaptation. In short, anime → real life → game → anime.
* ''{{Cabaret}}'': RealLife → book (Berlin Stories) → fictional play (I Am A Camera) → Musical → Movie (Which has a closer plot to the play, but uses songs from the musical.)
* ''Literature/AdrianMole'' started out in 1982 as a [[TheBBC BBC]] radio play called ''The Diary of Nigel Mole''. The ''Adrian Mole'' books were then adapted for Radio 4, with the same voice actor, Nicholas Barnes. In 1985 Sue Townsend wrote some original ''Adrian Mole'' material for Radio 4's summer holiday programming (again with Barnes), wich later became "Adrian Mole at TheBBC" in her ''True Confessions of Adrian Albert Mole'' book. So radio → book → radio → radio → book. Further books have come out at random intervals every few years since, featuring Adrian's diaries from the age of 13 3/4 to over 40.
* ''Baby's Tears'' started out as a Konami original song in ''VideoGame/DanceDanceRevolution [=SuperNOVA=]''. It got drastically remixed (different instrumentals, different lyrics, slower tempo; about the only thing that stayed the same was the melody) into an AnimeThemeSong as the opening theme for the ''SkyGirls'' OVA. The anime version subsequently appeared alongside the original in ''DDR [=SuperNOVA=] 2'', listed as "Baby's Tears (Sky Girls Opening Theme)".
* ''Rice Krispie Treats Cereal'': cereal → dessert → cereal.
* A weird one occurred after ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'' cosplay at various convention: A bystander [[http://ib.skaia.net/post/view/5003 appeared on a photo]] and quickly went memetic with [[http://ib.skaia.net/post/view/12447 fanart]], [[http://ib.skaia.net/post/view/23203 cosplay]], and [[http://ib.skaia.net/post/view/23311 fanart of the cosplay.]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Battleship}}'': {{Board game|s}} → [[Film/{{Battleship}} Film]] → Board game.
* Taco Bell's Doritos Locos Tacos are being adapted into Doritos Locos Tacos flavored chips. It's a mix of either nacho cheese or cool ranch and "taco flavor" chips. The world quietly weeps, but also get ready to go grocery shopping.
* [=Radicalfaith360=] is a Website/YouTube user known for his re-enactments of WebAnimation/YouTubePoop. Since becoming popular, his re-enactments have become sources for poops on their own — often by the very same users who made the poops he was re-enacting in the first place.
* The Heckler & Koch G3 rifle: Unproduced Nazi German gun ([=StG-45=]) → Spanish gun based on its plans (CETME Modelo B) → licensed German copy.
* ''Webcomic/GirlGenius Radio Theatre'' strips: Webcomic → live performances and podcasts → webcomic.
* ''ThomasTheTankEngine'' garnered its own promotional magazine series, with some of its original stories actually adapted into episodes of the show itself in Seasons Three and Five. Incidentally the magazine's writer at the time eventually ended up lead writer for the show come Season Seventeen.
[[/folder]]

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