A standard CorruptCorporateExecutive scheme, a ShortCon on a large scale: playing with property value to gain profit. Different versions exist, but in its most simple form it involves using nefarious means to drive tenants out of their homes, and generally lowering the property value of a neighbourhood in order to make room for a new building project.

This trope is a good, if somewhat overused, way to get a bunch of [[RagtagBunchOfMisfits ordinary people]] involved in the story.

Compare ShadyRealEstateAgent and CommunityThreateningConstruction. Not to be confused with LandmarkSale.

* The Corrupt Corporate Executive BigBad in ''Film/YouDontMessWithTheZohan'' tries to make the New York Israeli and Palestinian communities fight each other so he can buy off the neighbourhood and build a mall on top of it. When creating a conflict doesn't work out, they hire a group of neo-nazis to vandalize the neighbourhood.
* In ''Film/PoliceAcademy6CityUnderSiege'', the BigBad orchestrates a crimewave alongside an old bus route, which would soon be the route of a train line. The crimewave would then drive down property prices allowing him to buy them and then resell them when the train line is complete and the price skyrocketed. It's even lampshaded at the end:
-->'''Commisioner Hurst''': So you're saying all of this was nothing more than a real estate scam!?\\
''' Sgt. Hightower''': A billion-dollar real estate scam, sir.
* In ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'', the conspiracy to buy Toon Town and turn it into a paved highway.
* ''Film/BlazingSaddles'': The railroad line currently being built has to be re-routed through the town of Rock Ridge. BigBad Hedley Lamaar comes up with a scheme to drive out the town's residents and acquire the land cheaply, then sell it for millions to the railroad company.
-->'''Hedley Lamarr:''' Unfortunately, there is one thing standing between me and that property: the rightful owners.
* The film ''Film/LocalHero'' plays around with this trope.
* ''Film/{{Superman}}'' -- Lex Luthor's plot to buy up all the cheap land in the desert bordering California before blowing up the fault line and turning that desert into beach front real estate.
* Same song, different beat in ''Film/SupermanReturns''. Lex wants to create a new continent in the Atlantic Ocean, destroying half of the US in the process, and then sell it at a premium.
* The movie ''Film/HotFuzz'' -- this is a subplot (at least Sgt Angel thinks it is).
* ''Film/MrSmithGoesToWashington''.
* Subplot out of ''Film/EvanAlmighty'' -- The main character Evan, who is a congressman, cosponsors the destruction of a natural forest for urban development.
* One of the main characters of ''Film/AnEducation'' partakes in "blockbusting": a scam often performed prior to the 1970s in which a ShadyRealEstateAgent would convince white homeowners into selling their homes at a loss to them by implying that black people or other racial minorities would move into the neighborhood and cause property prices to plummet.
* In ''Film/RurouniKenshin'', Kanryu starts up the fake Battousai murders to scare the locals into selling out and moving so he can turn the village into a port he controls so he can ship guns and drugs without the risk of being caught by the police.
* In ''Film/RomeoMustDie'', two gangs are trying to buy up every property in a part of the city, because the NFL wants to build a new football stadium nearby, and providing a properly sized plot of land with only one or two owners to deal with instead of dozens would save the NFL a great deal of effort and make the gangs millions.

* A major part of the plot of the Creator/TimDorsey novel ''Triggerfish Twist''. A real estate dealer owns most of the houses on Triggerfish Lane, and is trying to buy up the rest so he can level all the houses on the street and build more expensive homes there he can sell at a profit. This plot involves deliberately stocking his rental houses with the most unruly tenants imaginable in an effort to drive their neighbors away.
* Part of Lockhart's plan to raise the capital to find his father and save his family home in Creator/TomSharpe's ''The Throwback''.
* One of these drives the plot in ''[[Literature/{{Dragaera}} Orca]]''. During a financial crisis some bankers squeeze money out of landholders with the threat of foreclosing on them, hoping to take the money and vanish once the bank collapses. Vlad is drawn into the plot by owing a favor to one tenant.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* The Deputy Prime Minister in ''Series/AliGIndahouse'' plans to raze Staines so that Heathrow Airport can be expanded.
* ''Series/CSIMiami'' has a murder take place in a neighborhood that turns out to be a plot to lower property values.
* ''Series/BurnNotice'' "[[Recap/BurnNoticeS1E7BrokenRules Broken Rules]]": Michael helps out a neighborhood in Little Havana where a gang has suddenly started extorting much higher amounts of money from the locals than they used to and killing anyone that cannot pay. Michael infiltrates the gang and discovers that the boss has been intentionally extorting too much from the neighborhood families to drive them out and make a killing by purchasing the local real estate once the values plummet due to her reign of terror.
* A standard plot on ''Series/{{Leverage}}''.
** One example that stands out is "The Miracle Job" -- a priest is assaulted by gang members, who were paid by a real estate mogul trying to buy up the land his church (which is in danger of closing) is on. The gang tries to prevent the church's closing by faking a miracle... which backfires, as the mogul's now going to build ''around'' the "crying statue" and turn the place into a faith-based moneymaker.
** Also used in "The Snow Job", by way of CrookedContractor.
* [[AmoralAttorney Maurice Levy]] from ''Series/TheWire'' constantly suggests his clients from Organized Crime turn to real estate; they do. One of the background subplots is that drug money is being funneled to State Sen. Clay Davis, who then tells Stringer which buildings are due to get revitalization grants so Stringer can buy them while they are still dirt cheap. Clay Davis, however, is just rainmaking Stringer.
* The ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' episode "The Blockbuster" had the Bunkers dealing with the titular scammer.
* Subverted in ''Series/{{Daredevil 2015}}''. Armund Tully is a slumlord that is using vandalism and intimidation to drive out his rent-control tenants. Matt, Karen and Foggy suspect that he is trying to build condos on the property. This would not be out of character for Tully, given his reputation with them and with the cops, but the reality is that he is just an agent of Wilson Fisk. And Fisk does not care about making a profit on the property because he promised it to Nobu and his faction of The Hand, who do not want the residents getting in the way of their own schemes for that valuable block of Manhattan real estate.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* A weird variant in one of the ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' short stories from ''Wolf and Raven'': a CorruptCorporateExecutive is conspiring with racist gangs to drive out or kill elves living in a particular neighborhood. The twist is that he's not trying to buy the elves' property cheap, but to change the demographics of the neighborhood, so it'll be the ideal location for test-marketing his company's products. Same methods, different profit motive.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* "Nothing brings down real estate prices like a good old fashioned gang war" -- said by Avery Carrington in ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoViceCity'' and Donald Love in ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIII''.
* In ''VideoGame/SaintsRow2'', one of the minigames available is 'Septic Avenger', where you ride around in a septic-truck and spray property with crap to lower the values. Ironically, this is feasible because of Ultor's reconstruction of the once-embattled Saints Row district, turning it into an upscale office-park... and creating a severe shortage of low-price housing. Meaning that hard-working low-income families are willing to buy a cheap house even if it's covered in crap. (The realtor-term is "Fixer-upper".)
* [[spoiler:A big scam drives the plot of]] ''VideoGame/LANoire''. [[spoiler:The Suburban Redevelopment Fund, a cabal of several prominent local officials and citizens, buys up land along the proposed route of the new freeway, building cheap houses on them to drive up the value when the government offers to buy them out under eminent domain.]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Happened in "The Itis", a first-season episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheBoondocks'' -- Ed Wuncler shuts down a vegan restaurant that's across from a public park he wants to buy, and turns it into a soul food restaurant (run by Robert Freeman, natch). By the end of the episode, the restaurant's closed down (thanks to a lawsuit from a former customer) and Wuncler owns the park (thanks to the lowered property values created by the restaurant and its effect on the neighborhood).
* ''{{WesternAnimation/Futurama}}'' has many examples of this, the most notable being the Scammer Aliens in ''Bender's Big Score''.
* The episode "Karate Island" of ''WesternAnimation/SpongebobSquarepants'' is about this.
* This seems to be the main motive for ''ScoobyDoo'' villains, usually about scaring people away from the old amusement park/neighborhood/whatever so that the owner would have to sell the land.
** For example, the ''Where Are You'' episode "Spooky Space Kook".
* ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' has the kid's parents winning a free trip to a ski resort in Aspen in exchange for attending a presentation offering a timeshare, [[BlatantLies which they are free to decline at any time]]. They soon find out that they are unable to leave or actually enjoy the resort because the salesmen keep taking them back to the presentation room until they cave in and buy the expensive timeshare.


[[folder:Real Life]]

* As mentioned above, "blockbusting" was an unfortunately common practice between the 1940s and 1960s. When relatively affluent African-American families finally were able to buy property in former all-white neighborhoods due to the gradual victories of the Civil Rights movement, real estate moguls would intentionally play up the fear of (mainly working-class) whites and say that the world was going to end. As a result, the moguls were able to buy up the properties at a severe discount, and then sell them back to the arriving African-American families at a steep mark-up. African-American families still had lots of problems finding banks that would give them favorable mortgages, so the deals that they made were very exploitative. The African-American families, therefore, had little extra money to put into repairs or upkeep, leading to an unintentional deterioration of the neighborhood. Thus, whites viewed the African-Americans moving into their neighborhood as a death sentence on their hard-earned property value, and African-Americans viewed whites as part of the system out to exploit them. The entire core of modern racism, all because of some cynical real-estate moguls. The Fair Housing Act of 1968 was intended to deal with some of this, but at the end of the day it barely put a dent in the problem.
* Eminent Domain fraud. Eminent Domain is the power by which governments can take land (while, theoretically, providing just compensation). Usually, this is to remove houses and buildings to make way for things like roads and utilities. The fraud kicks in when some companies claim to have eminent domain power when they don't, threatening to throw people out of their houses when they have no legal right to do so.
** Part of the controversy of the Keystone XL Pipeline is the claim that the company placing the pipeline is doing this to remove people who refuse to sell their land to them.
* When looking for a house or condo to buy or an apartment to rent, or even when seeking a vacation rental, be wary. Some unscrupulous "sellers" will attempt to sell a house or rent out a property they don't have authority to sell, in order to earn a quick buck. Be suspicious of sellers/landlords who are unwilling or "unable" to show a property (or have someone show it to you), or who demand money up front before you've signed the lease or even seen the property.
* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_crisis_of_2007%E2%80%932008 Bad mortgage and lending practices]] played a large role in the financial crisis of 2007-2008.