->''"Ah... the sound of dying. When it comes to death, quantity is so much more satisfying than quality."''
-->-- '''[[BigBad Fenric]]''' in ''Series/DoctorWho'': "[[Recap/DoctorWhoS26E3TheCurseOfFenric The Curse of Fenric]]"

In fiction, when it comes to almost everything that comes in multiples, there's an inverse relationship between quantity and quality. The more there is of something, the lower the quality of those individual things and vice versa.

This has roots in basic resource management and production. Assuming you have a constant supply of resources, the more resources you put into producing a product, the higher-quality the product will be in the end. However, the less of the product you will able to produce in the end. You could choose to put less resources into producing individual products in order to produce more, but the quality of the products decrease. Trying to make more of a product and make them high-quality is generally impractical due to resource and time constraints.

At times quantity and quality are used as the basis for AnAesop. Most aesops take the side of quality, saying that it's best to put effort into the individual creations.


[[folder: Sides with Quantity ]]

* DeathOfAThousandCuts: Refers to video game characters who deal relatively small amounts of damage compared to other characters from his or her game but can deal a larger amount of them. How effective this is depends on the game.
* ExplosiveBreeder: Giving birth to many offspring at an alarmingly fast rate.
* MasterOfNone: Trying to do everything just results in sucking at everything.
* SpamAttack: where the solution when shooting at something doesn't work is to shoot even more of it. This one is obviously rooted in quantity, though people characterized by it are rarely portrayed as sympathetic or intelligent. Further subdivided into BeamSpam, MacrossMissileMassacre, MoreDakka, DeathOfAThousandCuts and RainOfArrows.
* WeHaveReserves: The idea that troops are expendable because there are so many available. This is never shown in a good light.
* ZergRush: Quantity versus quality of {{Mooks}} where Quantity wins.


[[folder: Sides with Quality ]]

* ConservationOfNinjutsu: Hero represents quality while {{Mooks}} represent quantity. Quality mostly wins.
* CripplingOverspecialization: Try to do one thing very well, do everything else very poorly.
* PowerEqualsRarity: Better items are typically rarer.
* QualityOverQuantity: AnAesop that takes the side of quality.
* WhenAllYouHaveIsAHammer: Quality over quantity of skills with weapons.


[[folder: Mixed ]]

* FactionCalculus: "Powerhouses" tend towards quality while "Subversives" are more inclined towards quantity.
* SoldierVsWarrior: Militarized soldiers fighting in unison can defeat superior numbers of warriors fighting purely for personal glory.

Subtrope of NecessaryDrawback.
!!Examples (put examples that fit subtropes on their respective pages)


[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* This trope was {{discussed|trope}} by Uesugi in episode 13 of ''Literature/TanteiTeamKZJikenNote''. As the cast heads home, Wakatake asks Aya how he can get as many [[ChocolateOfRomance Chocolates of Romance]] as possible, and he made it clear he doesn't care whether he likes the girl in question, nor whether the chocolates were just given out of courtesy, as long as he gets tons of it. Uesugi then {{facepalm}}s, saying Wakatake probably can't help it, since "guys have a 'quantity over quality' vector"--while he himself doesn't. This is somehow {{justified|trope}}; the cast are 12 years old and may not understand the idea of romantic commitment.
* This is most especially true when, in the RealRobotGenre of anime, one-off models like {{Super Prototype}}s and {{Ace Custom}}s go up against waves of limited or mass-produced {{Mook Mobile}}s. You can see this in each of the various ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' series, where the titular mecha are given reasons as to why they could take on mass-produced armies alone, whether it is {{Unobtanium}} in the case of ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing'', or [[BlackBox black box technology]] in the case of ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam00''.

[[folder:Film -- Live-Action]]
* ''Franchise/StarWars'' tends to give the evil factions Quantity and the good factions Quality, as typified by comparing Imperial and Rebel {{Space Fighter}}s in the original trilogy. [=TIEs=] come at you in endless hordes that seek to swamp the enemy with sheer weight of fire, but they're poorly armed and quite fragile. [[MookMobile "Expendable vehicles for expendable pilots"]] as Wedge Antilles puts it in a ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'' novel. Rebel fighters are fewer in number but have missiles, DeflectorShields (though ArmorIsUseless in the films) and their own hyperdrives, which means Rebel ''pilots'' tend to be much better since their relatively higher survival rate means they can improve over time. It's reversed with capital ships, though: the Rebels are stuck with whatever they've been able to find, buy, or steal, whereas the Empire can build Star Destroyers from scratch. In a StandardStarshipScuffle the Imperial capital ship usually wins, but in an OldSchoolDogfight the odds are more even.

* ''Literature/HonorHarrington'':
** This trope is played both ways. There are tradeoffs between more effective missiles and being able to spam more and more missiles. Sometimes one wins, sometimes the other wins.
** Also the war between the Empire of Manticore and the Solarian League. The Solarians have more superdreadnoughts than Manticore has cruisers, but their technology is several centuries out of date because no one has dared fight them until now, while the Empire has been dealing with pirates and [[PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny Haven]] for a long time so they've got a healthy R&D program. Manticore's tacticians are more concerned about running out of ammo than ships (in fact, Solarian commanders are willing to sacrifice entire task forces to make the Manties use up their irreplaceable high-tech missiles). Both sides have remained fairly even.
** Haven itself was also a version of this in the early books. They were much larger and had a bigger navy than Manticore but Manticore's technical edge kept them afloat. Things evened out in later books as Haven's tech base began to catch up and Manticore discovered less manpower-intensive ship designs letting them get more ships into combat. Throughout all that Haven maintained a mantra that quantity was a quality all its own: in early books Haven countered Mantie superiority in electronic warfare by simply adding more equipment to its ships (meaning the dozen or so Haven superdreadnoughts Manticore captured and gave to Grayson in ''Flag in Exile'' were ''beasts'' at it after the Manties upgraded the circuitry), and when Manticore built dreadnought-sized LAC carriers, Haven built ''superdread''-sized.
* The breakdown is much the same in Creator/DavidDrake's ''Literature/{{RCN}}'' series. ''When the Tide Rises'' discusses this in detail: The Alliance Fleet tends to build more and often bigger and theoretically more powerful ships than the Republic of Cinnabar Navy, but Cinnabar crews tend to be more skilled and more instinctively loyal. Alliance dictator Guarantor Porra (loosely based on UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte) relies mainly on {{conscription}}, frequently from conquered worlds, to fill out the ranks, so while the Alliance doesn't have the manpower problems the RCN often does from having to compete with the merchant marine, many Alliance spacers aren't as good or motivated as their RCN counterparts and will sometimes even [[HeelFaceTurn switch sides]] given the opportunity. Alliance admirals also tend to be more cautious since [[YouHaveFailedMe the penalty for failing Porra is sometimes execution]]. The end result is that numerically superior Alliance squadrons will sometimes lose to lesser Cinnabar squadrons on the sheer skill and balls of the Cinnabars. In protagonist Daniel Leary's case, he's helped along by the fact that thanks to {{deuteragonist}} Adele Mundy's hacking and data-crunching skills, he nearly always has better intelligence than any opponent.
-->'''Daniel:''' The second advantage is even less tangible, Adele, but it's more important. It's the fact we are the RCN. We know it and they know it. Every Alliance spacer from [Admiral] Guphill to the Landsmen in Training knows that know matter how many ships they have, they've always got to expect us to go for their throats. Deep in their hearts, they're afraid and they know we aren't. We're the RCN.
* In the ''Literature/BelisariusSeries'' the anti-malwa alliance has the quality for the most part and the the malwa have the quantity. This is modified somewhat because some of the Malwa vassals are proud warrior race guys.
* In the short story "Superiority" by Creator/ArthurCClarke, this trope is fully analyzed. Two societies fight one another, [[SuperPrototype one of which uses the newest, most up to date weaponry]]... and [[ObviousBeta fails to conduct adequate testing before deployment]]. As a result, the new inventions [[AwesomeButImpractical have prohibitive logistical requirements]] or [[HoistByHisOwnPetard cause more damage to their own side than to the enemy]]. The other side sticks with tried-and-true technology that reliably works exactly the way that it should, and is much easier and faster to produce than the more advanced version... and they just keep plugging away on the production lines until they have numerical superiority. [[ZergRush Guess which side wins.]]
* ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'': The Starks and the Lannisters, respectively. The Starks can only raise small armies, but being from the wild, dangerous Northlands, [[HadToBeSharp they tend to be composed of tough warriors]]. The Lannisters have access to lots of gold mines and this makes the family exceedingly rich and able to support large armies of cheap troops of [[TurnCoat questionable loyalty]]. In the [[Series/GameOfThrones TV series]], the Starks win the majority of their battles except for the first one (which is more of a PyrrhicVictory for the Lannisters; although they defeated the 2000-strong Stark force, they took heavy casualties and it was all a ploy which allowed the Starks to capture one of the family).
* In ''Literature/TheExpanse'' Earth has a larger navy but Mars is more technologically advanced. On the other hand Protogen's private navy is even more advanced than Mars', fitting railguns onto frigate-sized ships, but they can't field anything bigger than a few frigates which rely on ambushes and even then it takes six Protogen ships to take on a single Martian battleship.

* Music/FiveIronFrenzy referenced this with their EP ''Quantity Is Job 1''. It had 17 tracks, more than either of their prior [=CDs=], but only seven of them were proper songs. The remaining ten songs are all nonsense the band improvised while goofing around in the studio--eight of these comprise "These Are Not My Pants (A Rock Opera)", which was deliberately intended to be a joke at the listener's expense.

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* During the 2000s TimeSkip in ''ComicStrip/FunkyWinkerbean'', Funky took over management of the cast hangout Montoni's Pizza and opened several franchises. The other cast members including its former owner eventually took him aside and had him compare the pizza made to the recipe from when Montoni's was a single pizzeria to the current recipe, and apparently the former was superior to the latter.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The transition over from [[WarGaming tabletop wargames]] like ''Chainmail'' to {{Tabletop RPG}}s like ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons''. In ''Chainmail'', each player commanded ''quantities'' of soldiers in his own army against the opposing side's quantities, namely to ensure balance and symmetry between both sides. ''Dungeons & Dragons'', on the other hand, was an asymmetrical cooperative game, where each player controlled only one character, ensuring that the ''quality'' of each playable hero overcame the quantity of enemies.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' and ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'':
** This is one of the calculations pretty much every player must make when selecting an army to field on the tabletop. Each army has its own Warhammer Armies book (called a Codex in 40k) with an army list detailing the abilities of the various troop types, war machines, characters and monsters that make it up and assigning each a points value based on how powerful and effective it is in game terms. Most games are played between two armies of a fixed equal points value (say 2000 points, for instance), so if you want to pack your army with large numbers of troops you will have to take lower quality ones and skimp on the powerful stuff, and if you want lots of elite troops, heroes, wizards and powerful monsters then your army will be smaller overall. Different races or factions in the games tend to occupy different portions of the quality-quantity spectrum, with some specialising in higher quality troops, others specialising in cheap but numerous troops, some in the middle of the spectrum and a very few offering the choice of playing to either end.
** In addition to the [[OurOrcsAreDifferent Orcs/Orks]], the settings have the Skaven and Tyranids respectively, whose main tactics are to send waves of easily-destroyed critters at defenders to blunt their attacks or get them to waste their ammo before sending in waves of stronger units.
** ''[=40k=]'' uses this relationship between the [[Characters/Warhammer40000ImperialGuard Imperial Guard]] and the [[Characters/Warhammer40000Astartes Adeptus Astartes]]. The Guard is a billions-strong army of normal humans armed with laser rifles and body armor that are frequently compared in effectiveness with flashlights and t-shirts, and often act as the RedshirtArmy in fluff and novels. The Space Marines, on the other hand, are made up of {{Super Soldier}}s genetically altered to be roughly seven feet tall with HealingFactor and various ancillary abilities depending on chapter, and dressed in PoweredArmor and wielding fully automatic rocket-propelled grenade launchers. But since their chapters are limited in size to about a thousand men apiece, they don't have the numbers to fight full-scale wars by themselves. Thus the two armies frequently work in tandem in fluff and literature: the Guard provides the numbers and acts as the hammer, while the Space Marines perform surgical attacks and act as the swordpoint.\\
Most human worlds in ''40K'' also have planetary defense forces, who are the RedshirtArmy to the RedshirtArmy: collectively outnumbering the Guard, but generally so weak compared to their enemy that their only purpose is to hold long enough for the Guard and/or Astartes to get there. In ascending order of competence and descending of numbers, a rough approximation for the three groups is National Guard → regular Army → SEAL Team Six.
** This is enforced for the PDF, as their best members are always selected for Imperial Guard service. The guard has become less of a RedShirtArmy over time, avoiding ConservationofNinjitsu, although they still use quantity to their advantage (entire squadrons of tanks). The Space Marines have subdivisions that focus on quantity more (like the tens of thousands of Black Templars, or the Space Wolves, who refused to spin off successor chapters and remain at the strength of the original Space Marine Legions), and others that are even smaller and more elite than normal, such the 1000 strong all-psyker Grey Knights.
* In Steve Jackson's ''{{TabletopGame/OGRE}}'' one player has a bunch of conventional tanks, infantry, and artillery. The other player has the [[TankGoodness Ogre]].
* ''TabletopGame/TheHobbitCardGame'' uses this with its divide between good and evil characters: the good guys always outnumber the bad guys, but the bad guys get better hands.
* This is the chief decision when list-building in ''TabletopGame/XWingMiniatures''. Whether you favour a small group of elite pilots or a massive swarm of cheap ones can seriously influence your strategy - you can get a Rebel band consisting solely of Poe Dameron, Garven Dreis and Kyle Katarn in order to abuse focus tokens, or a massive blob of Z-95 Headhunters, while on the Imperial side you can get a fairly elite list of upgraded, named pilots from ships like the TIE Advanced or TIE Phantom, or a [[ZergRush swarm of dirt cheap Academy Pilots]] in TIE fighters led by an ace like Howlrunner with Swarm Tactics.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* A good example exists within the ''{{VideoGame/Starcraft}}'' franchise: Zerg (quantity) vs Protoss (quality). Zerg units typically require less control than the Protoss units need psi-links, and are the TropeNamer for ZergRush. Protoss units are good at what they're warped in to do, but require more resources. Which means if only given the same amount of resources, the Zerg can field a massive swarm of weak units while the Protoss can muster a platoon of strong warriors.
* A common mechanic in Creator/ParadoxInteractive games:
** In battles in ''VideoGame/CrusaderKings'', higher-quality troops (i.e. troops with greater technology points backing them, as well as professional army retinues instead of levies; the Martial skill of the realm and the commanders leading the troops also factors in) can often win battles decisively despite being outnumbered. This is especially true against Viking raiders (who frequently have no commander at all, or only one, and favor light infantry) and peasant, liberation, and heretic revolt armies (large numbers of weak troops). Sheer numbers can still make for an insurmountable opponent, however.
** In ''Videogame/EuropaUniversalis'' nations can opt for a quality policy, getting better troops or for a quantity policy, resulting in a higher manpower pool and cheaper troops. Neutral or mild stances are possible, since the internal policies are gradually set by a slider.
* ''VideoGame/NeverwinterNights2'' has [[MiniGame Crossroads Keep]]. Woe to those who find out too late that the entry requirements for troops can only be lowered, from [[EliteArmy a few good men]] to [[ArmyOfThievesAndWhores any drunk who wanders in accidentally]].
* In ''VideoGame/DawnOfWar'' the Orks have an upgrade that allows their cheapest unit to be produced for free (except food costs). Meaning you can have 25 squads of melee units constantly pouring into an enemy's base, and while it will take a while, this will eventually win.
* ''VideoGame/{{Warcraft}} III's'' necromancers' basic skill raises two weak skeletons from a corpse, quickly snowballing into a tide of skeletons. Dark Rangers can AnimateDead, too, but create a single, stronger skeleton instead, and Crypt Lords summon a permanent, ''Beetle'' that, corpse for corpse, is more powerful than the Dark Ranger's skeletons. Death Knights however truly take the cake with their Short-lived yet invincible minions that are just as strong as they were when they were alive.
* In ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'', the more powerful an attack is, the fewer PP it is likely to have, unless it has some other drawback.
* This is most particularly true in an online multiplayer shooter like ''VideoGame/{{Overwatch}}'' as compared to VideoGame/Doom2016. Team Deathmatch would have likely encouraged quality over quantity, due to the emphasis on earning high killstreaks with little-to-no regard to the rest of the team. Team objective, on the other hand, would encourage quantity over quality, because there is only one target for the entire team to either attack or defend, encourage said team to coordinate and communicate to complete the objective. Overwatch would represent the latter, while Doom would represent the former.

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* In ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'', Archer's [[StormOfBlades Unlimited Blade Works]] sides with quantity, rapidly producing replicas of Noble Phantasms at the cost of being weaker than the genuine articles. [[Literature/TheEpicOfGilgamesh Gilgamesh]]'s Gate of Babylon, however, is both quantity and quality, producing [[SuperPrototype Super Prototypes]] of Noble Phantasms.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In the ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' episode ''[[Recap/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagicS5E14CanterlotBoutique Canterlot Boutique]]'', this is the basis of the conflict between Sassy Saddles and Rarity. Saddles sides with Quantity, being more concerned with running a successful business and favoring [[SeverelySpecializedStore heavy product specialization]] and assembly line-type manufacture. Rarity, on the other hand, is DoingItForTheArt, and prefers each to make each dress on an individual basis and to put love and creativity into each product, obviously favoring Quality. Ultimately, the episode sides with Rarity with the implication that Sassy Saddles' way caused other stores to crash and burn.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* UsefulNotes/WorldWarII's European theatre was almost a case study in this. UsefulNotes/NaziGermany's war machines were frequently [[StupidJetpackHitler quite advanced for their time]], from the well-known things like the Me-262 Schwalbe jet fighter and Tiger tanks to lesser-known things like the Bf-109 prop fighter featuring an engine with fuel injection (more reliable during certain maneuvers than the carburetor engines in Allied planes). Unfortunately UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler had an obsession with creating more and more of these ''Wunderwaffen'' ("wonder weapons"), and in practice many proved [[AwesomeButImpractical unreliable, ineffective, and/or resource-intensive]]. Their Allied counterparts typically went for ''good enough'', with designs meant to be practical and readily produced in large numbers and often using existing, proven technologies in new ways. One such case was the British creation of the Sherman Firefly as a hard counter to the Tiger by simply mounting an existing anti-tank cannon (originally a carriage artillery piece) to an American Sherman chassis.
** Infamously, the Soviets had so many people in their military that they had three people to a single rifle. Despite this incredibly low quality, the sheer numbers forced the quality-heavy Germans out of the Soviet Union
*** Actually, that's a bit of a misconception. Despite what Film/EnemyAtTheGates says, the Soviets had tons of rifles. The problem they had was getting enough bullets for everyone. And even then, a number of their tank designs were quite effective, with some arguing that the T-34 was one of the most effective in the entire war. And the Soviets had more tanks at the beginning of the war than anyone else. And while a number of their designs ended up staying in service past them becoming outdated, or were just poorly designed to begin with, that wasn't exactly a problem specific to the Soviets [[note]]Such as the famous Tiger tank, which had a tendancy to break down. One German unit sent to the Eastern Front with 45 Tiger IIs arrived with only 8 operational. And the Russians were quite aware of the need to actually continuously improve and upgrade their designs, as were the British and Germans, whereas the Americans only really had one General who continuously pushed against the idea of tank destroyers and actually wanted tanks meant to fight tanks.[[/note]]
** The Pacific theater is more complicated, as Japan switched from favoring quality to favoring quantity. While Japan had initially planned to best the numerically superior Americans with superior training and equipment, after the Battle of Midway they focused entirely on making up for losses. It didn't work as America was able to produce both quality ''and'' quantity.
*** The Pacific theater could also easily be seen a deconstruction. When the Japanese tried to have better quality they failed to account that its very hard to practically best all of the enemy's capabilities all of the time. For example the Yamato-class battleship was the most heavily armed of their type but had poor radar and depended on optical sighting to aim. American ships of all type except some carriers and escort destroyers used radar aimed guns even from the war's outset. This means that under the right conditions a single WWI era American dreadnought could have forced both Yamato-class battleships to retreat simply because the former had one critical advantage that the latter did not. [[note]]While this never happened, Yamato was once successfully repulsed by a group of only escort ships because it was unable to determine enemy numbers successfully due to the aforementioned radar deficiencies.[[/note]]
*** Similarly the western front of Europe could be viewed as another deconstruction. The Germans once again went for quality but in practice used a hi low mix (see below). For example, while Tiger I and IIs could utterly destroy anything the Americans and most of what the British could through at them in a strait fight, Shermans could in turn devastate the older panzers most armored divisions used. While the Germans equipped some of its soldiers with the highly advanced STG-44, most soldiers were still stuck with bolt action Mausers. American soldiers were ''all'' equipped with self loading rifles, one of which (the M2 carbine) was almost as capable as the STG-44. Thus most of the time the Western allies could evoke quality of quantity and just get creative when thy were outmatched[[note]]For example most of the acclaimed Tiger tanks fell artillery, tank destroyers, land mines, bazookas, or lack of maintenance[[/note]].
* An unexpected place these arguments pop up is in debate about minimum wage. Its been heavily documented that when there is a minimum wage hike companies invariably lay off workers. They either find a way to do the job through automation or with fewer better trained people. Thus the higher minimum wage is, the fewer people have access to a minimum wage job but it becomes much better for the ones that do. [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement We will not attempt to decide which side is right]].
* The difference between conscript and volunteer militaries in the modern era can be summed up as this. Conscript armies are invariably larger than volunteer ones, as most people won't willingly choose to go into the military, but conscripts get less training than volunteer troops and have a harder time maintaining a proper NCO force. Further, the mass of troops often requires less sophisticated and thus often less capable equipment (or in some cases holding onto vast reserves of obsolete equipment) to avoid breaking the bank arming everybody. Assuming equal budgets and population base, a volunteer army will be smaller than a conscript army, but better-equipped and more skilled.
* [[AvertedTrope Averting]] this trade-off is the basic idea behind a High-Low mix in military procurement. The idea is that you cram all your best capabilities into one model, and then have a cheap, basic model to fill out the numbers. The [[UsefulNotes/YanksWithTanks F-15/F-16 mix]] is the most prominent example, though one that increasingly [[SubvertedTrope subverts]] the idea; current-model F-16s cost the same as current-model F-15s.
* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R/K_selection_theory r/K-selection theory]] states that species can either chose quality or quantity as their reproductive strategy. r-selected species go for [[ExplosiveBreeder quantity]]: They have lots of offspring, but don't invest much in each individual, so that many of them never reach adulthood. K-selected species choose quality: They have few offsping, but invest heavily in the few that they have, so that most of them survive. Humans are extremely K-selected (and more so the richer they are); most species of fish are strongly r-selected, and rodents are somewhere in between.