Primary Stylistic Influences (70s Punk):
+ ProtoPunk, GarageRock, RockAndRoll, GlamRock and Pub Rock (British bands only)
Secondary Stylistic Influences (70s Punk):
+ {{Rockabilly}}, Surf Music, UsefulNotes/TheBritishInvasion, HardRock, sometimes KrautRock

->''"The popularity of punk rock was, in effect, due to the fact that it made ugliness beautiful."''
-->-- '''Malcolm [=McLaren=]'''

''This page is for the musical genre. For the 2009 play, go to Theatre.PunkRock.''

Punks themselves are [[TheQuincyPunk covered elsewhere on TV Tropes]].

Ah, Punk Rock. You just can't beat it, can you?

God, where to begin? Well, first, the music itself. Punk rock is characterised by fast, hard-edged music, typically with short songs, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. In short: if you want to be a rocker, and have [[ThreeChordsAndTheTruth strong political views but little technical skill]], it's the genre to go for. That's not an insult towards punk, of course: it's just, people usually won't care. Punks do not care if they are untalented; they do it anyway. Were [[Music/SexPistols Johnny Rotten and Sid Vicious]] good musicians? No. But they still played, and that was because they were punks. They didn't give a fuck about what other people thought of them, and that's a view many other punks share.

{{Ahem}}. Punk bands tended to eschew the excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. They also embraced a DIY aesthetic, with many bands self-producing their recordings and distributing them through informal channels.

It all started in the mid-seventies with punk scenes growing in the US, thanks to Music/TheRamones, and the UK, thanks to the Music/SexPistols, the Music/{{Buzzcocks}}, and Music/TheClash. While the scene had been fomenting for a while, the big push of punk started, most say, in 1976 with the release of The Damned's first single and The Sex Pistols' first appearances. Out of all the first wave of punk bands, The Sex Pistols, in particular, were highly influential due to Malcolm [=McLaren=]'s clever marketing and their high visibility, even though they weren't that talented a band (not that this matters, because they're punk). They (Sex Pistols) caused quite a fair bit of controversy on several notes: [[ClusterFBomb swearing]] [[RefugeInAudacity during a live TV interview]]; releasing an anti-monarchy song named "God Save the Queen" for the Queen's silver jubilee; [[IntentionallyAwkwardTitle being called]] "[[PhallicWeapon the Sex Pistols]]". This controversy also [[NoSuchThingAsBadPublicity resulted in the punk scene exploding into success]], causing the creation of the punk subculture and, by extension, the emo and goth subcultures, too.

By the early-eighties, with the increased diversity of influences and backlash against the cardboard-cutout punk bands starting to clog the scene, standard punk rock started to get replaced by harder, faster and more aggressive styles, in particular HardcorePunk. PostPunk, a less aggressive style that focused on more complex and experimental music, also evolved out of this initial punk explosion. This gave way to PostPunk and GothRock bands such as Music/JoyDivision and Music/TheCure, respectively, as well as {{New Wave|Music}} bands like Music/{{Blondie}} and Music/TalkingHeads, both of which existed during the punk explosion, but only came to prominence after it had keeled over. These genres incorporated elements from other genres such as Jamaican dub and {{Krautrock}}. Other notable(?) subgenres of punk include Music/{{Emo}} and PopPunk.

In addition, there is the subgenre of Oi!/street punk; nominally apolitical and the self-proclaimed music of the working class. Popular among punks and skins of all races and political stripes, the genre was formed in reaction to the perceived invasion of the punk scene by college hipsters, art school students and corporate fat cats. Famous bands include: the Cockney Rejects, the Oppressed, Angelic Upstarts, Cock Sparrer, Iron Cross, and many others. Special note: there are a small number of fascist/white power affiliated groups who emulate the Oi! style. They are currently locked in a decades long battle with SHARP and redskins, as well as AFA affiliated punks. In summation, most connected to the Oi! scene are not racist, and to label them as such is a good way to get a boot to the head. Most people just refer to neo-Nazi/far-right bands as Rock Against Communism/RAC, and following suit is probably the safest way to avoid pissing anyone off. Then again, they are literal fascists, and who's in Oi! to keep things calm? Punk's early use of fascist imagery resulted in a proliferation of genuinely racist, rather than latently racist, bands, resulting again in increased violence and waves of action and reaction on both sides, although fascists in the scene were decried by bands ranging from The Clash to the Dead Kennedys, whose single "Nazi Punks Fuck Off" was a seminal example.

Throughout its history, Punk has been at odds with ProgressiveRock, which is often considered to be the epitome of technical rock. Many punk musicians decried its greatly elaborate and exhibitionist nature, claiming that these characteristics were stifling and discouraging to amateur musicians. (However, this wasn't universal, and its extent has been frequently exaggerated in the press, perhaps due to critics' disdain for progressive rock. Music/JohnLydon [Johnny Rotten], for example, was an avowed fan of several seminal prog bands like Music/{{Magma}} and Music/VanDerGraafGenerator,[[note]]Lydon's outspoken praise for these groups actually became a source of tension with [=McLaren=], who felt it would conflict with the Pistols' image[[/note]] and the genre was an unmistakable influence on his later work with Music/PublicImageLtd. The two genres ultimately wound up influencing much of the same music - Music/{{Metallica}} and Music/TheFallOfTroy, to name two disparate examples, bear unmistakable influence from both punk and prog - and ultimately even cross-pollinated ''each other'' somewhat. The ProgressiveRock page has much further detail under the "Fandom Rivalry" trope.)

Punk has been described as the democratisation of music, since prior to its deconstruction of rock, rock had been becoming ever-more idolatrous and money-focused. Punk also helped create the next generation of independent record labels, including, most notably, Creator/FourADRecords, Creator/FactoryRecords, Rough Trade and Creator/SubPop. Interestingly, the punk ethos and fandom intersect in the early eighties, when punk 'zines were the inspiration for modern, home-produced fanzines, which eventually led to today's internet communities.

Also see [[UsefulNotes/{{Punk}} Useful Notes on Punk]]


[[folder: Sub-genres of Punk: ]]

* {{Anarchopunk}}
** CrustPunk
* {{Emo|Music}}
** ScreamoMusic
* HardcorePunk
** {{Crossover Thrash}}
** {{Grindcore}}
** {{Metalcore}}
*** {{Deathcore}}
** PostHardcore
** {{Powerviolence}}
* {{Queercore}}
* PopPunk
* PostPunk
* {{Psychobilly}}
* PunkRap
* RiotGrrrl
* SkaPunk
* UsefulNotes/StraightEdge
* StreetPunk
** Oi!
* [[Literature/TheTaqwacores Taqwacore]]

New York Punk Bands:
* Music/ChokingVictim
* Music/DeadBoys
* Music/TheDictators
* Music/JohnnyThundersAndTheHeartbreakers
* Music/MinkDeville (also NewWaveMusic)
* Music/{{Mumps}}
* Music/PattiSmith
** ''Music/{{Horses}}'' (1976)
** ''Music/RadioEthiopia'' (1976)
** ''Music/{{Easter}}'' (1978)
** ''Music/{{Wave}}'' (1979)
* Music/TheRamones
** ''Music/{{Ramones}}'' (1976)
** ''Music/LeaveHome'' (1977)
** ''Music/RocketToRussia'' (1977)
** ''Music/RoadToRuin'' (1978)
** ''Music/EndOfTheCentury'' (1980)
* Music/RichardHellAndTheVoidoids
* Music/{{Suicide}}
* Music/{{Television}}[[/index]] (also PostPunk)[[index]]
** ''Music/MarqueeMoon'' (1977)
* Music/TuffDarts [[/index]](also PowerPop)[[index]]

British Punk Bands:
* Music/{{999}}
* Music/{{Adam and the Ants}}
* Music/TheAdverts
* Music/TheBoys
* Music/TheBoomtownRats [[/index]](though they lean towards NewWaveMusic as well)[[index]]
* Music/{{Buzzcocks}}
* Music/{{Cardiacs}}
* Music/{{Chelsea}}
* Music/TheClash
** ''Music/LondonCalling'' (1979)
** ''Music/{{Sandinista}}'' (1980)
* Music/{{Crass}} (co-UrExample for HardcorePunk)
* Music/TheDamned
* Music/IanDuryAndTheBlockheads
* Music/{{Eater}}
* Music/EddieAndTheHotRods[[/index]] (the missing link between British PunkRock and PubRock)[[index]]
* Music/FluxOfPinkIndians
* Music/GenerationX (notable for being Music/BillyIdol's first band)
* Music/TheJam
* Music/TheMembers
* Music/TheOnlyOnes[[/index]] (also NewWaveMusic and PowerPop)[[index]]
* Music/JohnOtway & Music/WildWillyBarrett
* Music/TheOutsiders
* Music/{{Penetration}}
* Music/TheRezillos
* Music/TheRuts
* Music/SexPistols
** ''Music/NeverMindTheBollocksHeresTheSexPistols'' (1977)
** Music/JohnLydon
** Music/SidVicious
*** ''Music/SidSings'' (1979)
* Music/TheShapes
* Music/SiouxsieAndTheBanshees[[/index]] (before they went GothRock, anyways)[[index]]
* Music/TheSkids
* Music/StiffLittleFingers
* Music/TheStranglers
* Music/{{Ultravox}} (Their first two albums with John Foxx as Ultravox!)
* Music/TheUndertones
* Music/TheVibrators
* Music/{{Wire}}
** ''Music/PinkFlag'' (1977)
* X-Ray Spex

Los Angeles Punk Bands:
* Music/TheDils
* Music/TheFleshEaters
* Music/TheGerms
* Music/ThePlugz
* Music/TheWeirdos
* Music/{{X}}
* Music/TheZeros

Other Punk Bands:
* Music/AntiFlag
* Music/AtTheDriveIn
* Music/AtomAndHisPackage
* Music/{{Avengers}}
* Music/TheBatteredWives
* Music/{{BiS}}
* Music/{{Crime}}
* Music/DeadKennedys
** ''Music/{{Frankenchrist}}'' (1985)
** Music/JelloBiafra
* Music/TheDemics
* Music/TheDishrags
* Music/TheDiodes
* Music/{{DMZ}}
* Music/TheExplodingHearts
** ''Music/GuitarRomantic'' (2003)
* Music/ForgottenRebels
* Music/DieGoldenenZitronen
* Music/GreenDay
** ''Music/{{Dookie}}'' (1994)
** ''Music/{{Insomniac}}'' (1995)
** ''Music/{{Nimrod}}'' (1997)
** ''Music/{{Warning}}'' (2000)
** ''Music/AmericanIdiot'' (2003)
** ''Music/TwentyFirstCenturyBreakdown'' (2009)
** ''Music/RevolutionRadio'' (2016)
* Music/{{Jawbreaker}}
* Music/LeftoverCrack
* Music/TheManikins
* Music/TheMenzingers
* Music/ThePagans
* Music/PansyDivision
* Music/ThePlasmatics
* Joey Ramone
** ''Music/DontWorryAboutMe'' (2002)
* Music/TheRealKids
* Music/RadioBirdman
* Music/RubberCityRebels
* Music/TheSaints
* Music/TheSuicideCommandos [[/index]](not to be confused with the Music/{{Industrial}} group with the similar name)[[index]]
* Music/TeenageHead
* Music/TheViletones
* Music/OnkelKonkelAndHisKonkelbar