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[[quoteright:310:[[WesternAnimation/JonnyQuest http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/TURU1_6856.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:337:At least it's not a pterodactyl.]]

->''"If dinosaurs are badly portrayed in movies, then pterosaurs have an even worse time!"''
-->-- '''Creator/DougalDixon'''

In prehistory, EverythingsBetterWithDinosaurs.

While it is true that our knowledge of prehistoric fauna is steadily improving, the depictions in popular media do not seem to be as up to date with modern science. While dinosaurs are increasingly averting ScienceMarchesOn, however, the same cannot be said for the other dominant reptiles during their 200-million-year reign. As a case in point, look no further than their close relatives, the pterosaurs -- the first vertebrates [[note]]that is, animals with backbones[[/note]] to [[{{Flight}} fly.]]

Of course, nothing adds to a prehistoric atmosphere like tossing in some of these flying reptiles. However, it's a good idea to take most depictions of pterosaurs [[ArtisticLicenseBiology with a grain of salt.]] Most media will ratchet them up to being eagles or bats on crack, [[KidnappingBirdOfPrey snatching prey (like tasty humans) for feeding]] and being far more agile than they were in real life. Keep in mind that as in the case of most other prehistoric animals, RuleOfCool very much applies here.

If you see a pterosaur represented in any piece of fiction, the odds are good that it will have at least one of the common stereotypical (and inaccurate) traits listed at [[http://archosaurmusings.wordpress.com/2008/06/16/whats-wrong-with-pterosaurs-a-top-10/ these]] [[http://www.pterosaur.net/myths.php websites.]] The contents of these lists are summarized in the folder below.

This is a subtrope of ArtisticLicensePaleontology. See SomewhereAnOrnithologistIsCrying for the avian version and SomewhereAHerpetologistIsCrying for a reptilian version. See also GiantFlyer, AllFlyersAreBirds, and DinosaursAreDragons (because pop culture pterodactyls are often surprisingly similar to wyverns).



[[folder:List of Common Inaccuracies in Media]]
* [[YouKeepUsingThatWord Confusing the names "pterosaur" and "pterodactyl" as if they were synonyms]]. "Pterosaur" is used for the ''total'' group of the Mesozoic flying "reptiles."[[note]]Using "reptile" here in its traditional paraphyletic sense, excluding birds.[[/note]] "Pterodactyl" is either a name for a subgroup of pterosaurs or a genus name for a particular pterosaur, ''Pterodactylus''. To put this into perspective, this would be as bad as calling every primate you met a "gorilla," if referring to the genus name, or "ape," if referring to the subgroup name; while it's acceptable to refer to hominoids as apes, it's not acceptable to refer to primates as a whole as apes, since monkeys, lemurs, lorises, tarsiers and bushbabies aren't apes. In a similar manner, pterodactyloids were indeed an advanced group of pterosaurs and the word "pterodactyl" can be used to refer to them, but "pterodactyl" and "pterosaur" do not mean the same thing.[[note]]It's quite telling how pervasive this trope is when ''spellcheck'' recognizes "pterodactyl" but not ''Pteranodon''[[/note]]
* Designing the pterosaurs with bat-like wings rather than anatomically correct pterosaur ones. This ranges from having leathery wings made of nothing but skin to having the whole wing membrane being supported by all the fingers. In reality, pterosaur wings were made of tougher, more complicated materials and were supported by one finger. They should also attach at the ankle or at the lower leg, not at the hip, and they should be rounded and smooth, not pointed or angular.
* Essentially, [[IAmNotWeasel Pterosaurs aren't Dinosaurs]]. Pterosaurs were closely related to the dinosaurs, being more closely related to each other than to modern crocodiles, but pterosaurs were not dinosaurs themselves. [[note]]For comparison, it's like how canines and felines are both in the "Carnivora" group, but dogs are not cats and cats are not dogs.[[/note]]
* MixAndMatchCritters. Two pterosaur species will be combined into one hybridised design. This is a particularly good sign that the creators didn't care, considering how easy it would be to sort out.
* BiggerIsBetter. The pterosaurs on show will be truly gigantic, far larger than the fossil record can justify. There is some TruthInTelevision for this belief, as creatures like ''Quetzalcoatlus'' currently hold the record for the largest wingspans ever known. However, this is at best 12 metres, and is based on scanty evidence. In fiction, beasts with much larger wingspans are [[ExaggeratedTrope exaggerations]]. This is all the more obvious when the species being shown didn't even approach that size.
* ToothyBird trope applied to pterosaurs. Specifically, this is when a pterosaur (like the iconic ''Pteranodon'') is shown [[MoreTeethThanTheOsmondFamily having teeth, sometimes a horrifying set of gnashers]], instead of a toothless beak (the name "pteranodon" actually means "Toothless wing"). Occasionally this can be reversed when a normally toothy pterosaur (like ''Rhamphorhynchus'') looks like it had a run-in with an angry dentist.
* On that note, any and all pterosaurs being depicted with crests. While this was one of the things that made ''Pteranodon'' so famous, it should be noted that many pterosaurs lacked crests. Additionally, people will often make the mistake of depicting female ''Pteranodons'' [[AnimalGenderBender with crests like their male counterparts]]. Female ''Pteranodons'' actually had much smaller crests, if not no crests at all. Similarly, a pterosaur that should have a crest in real life would be depicted as crestless. ''Quetzalcoatlus'' and ''Pterodactylus'' are frequent victims of this, mostly due to ScienceMarchesOn.
* Pterosaurs in fiction [[DeathFromAbove will grab objects with their feet]] [[KidnappingBirdOfPrey and hoist them into the air]], presumably to be carried away and eaten. Pterosaur feet were designed for quadrupedal walking on the ground, or for climbing vertical objects or branch systems depending on the species.[[note]]Although that claim is subject to controversy.[[/note]] No known pterosaur had prehensile feet with opposable digits, which makes any depiction of pterosaurs picking humans up with their feet inaccurate. In a similar vein, many works are also guilty of portraying pterosaurs as digitigrade (walking on their toes), rather than plantigrade (walking on their whole foot) as they were in life, with the feet often resembling those of birds, and occasionally giving them an incorrect number of toes on each foot - the correct number should be four (though some primitive ones had five), instead of three (see: Harryhausen's ''Pteranodon'' from ''One Million Years B.C.'') or five (see: the ''Pteranodons'' from ''Jurassic Park III'').
* Giving a pterosaur a bendy, birdlike neck. While the flexibility of a pterosaur's neck varied with the species, none of them had the skinny, pipe-cleaner like necks that birds have.
* MisplacedWildlife or AnachronismStew, unless it is crucial to the plot (for instance, a LostWorld that contains a SoleSurvivor species is discovered and [[AnthropicPrinciple the plot rests on that premise]]).
* SmallTaxonomyPools, perhaps because the creators wanted to avoid the ViewersAreGeniuses trope, because they [[SmallReferencePools simply hadn't heard of them]], or because they didn't bother to do their homework. ''Pteranodon'' is easily the most recognizable of all pterosaurs in popular culture, with ''Rhamphorhynchus'' coming a close second. ''Quetzalcoatlus'' may get a mention, but the chances of meeting any other pterosaur species in fiction is virtually nil.
* Missing pycnofibres (fuzz only known on pterosaurs). Pterosaurs are almost always depicted as scaly, despite the growing evidence that most, if not all, of them had pycnofibres.
* [[KillAllHumans Pterosaurs will have an inexplicable desire to attack or kill humans on sight]]. This one may be justified if the pterosaur in question is a PapaWolf or a MamaBear defending its nest, or has some other biologically plausible behaviour, but usually it's as if the pterosaurs have looked up the HumansAreBastards page in advance -- essentially, [[DinosaursAreDragons Pterosaurs Are Dragons]]. Some of the largest azhdarchids like ''Hatzegopteryx'' were large enough to have snatched up a human and swallowed it whole if it were hungry and nothing else of the right size was around.[[note]]The animal would be ''walking'' or ''galloping'' up to you instead of snatching you on the fly.[[/note]] ''Thalassodromeus'' was also known to have possessed powerful jaws that could suggest a tendency to prey on large animals.
* Speaking of diet, pterosaurs are frequently depicted as exclusive fish- or meat-eaters. As an analogy, modern birds and bats don't ONLY eat fish or other animals, even if some species do. Many of the known pterosaur fossil finds do show that some species ate fish, but pterosaur diets were more diverse; other species fed on insects or smaller land vertebrates (Azdarchids like the aforementioned ''Hatzegopteryx'' were in fact most likely terrestrial hunters, rather than vulture-like scavengers as is still suggested in modern media), and some species may have eaten fruit and seeds too.
* [[WeaksauceWeakness Expect any fictional pterosaur that lands on the ground to be hopelessly lost]]. Real pterosaurs were more than capable of walking on firm ground -- not only were some of them were scarily competent at it, but new evidence now suggests that they could even ''take off from level ground'', using their wings to vault themselves into the air rather like vampire bats do today. Similarly, pterosaurs are frequently depicted as being bipedal like birds; in reality, pterosaurs were quadrupedal, as their musculature is focused on their forelimbs, while their hindlimbs are small, positioned at the very back of their bodies, and quite weak.
* On that note, you can expect any fictional pterosaur that finds itself in the water to be rendered temporarily flightless at best, or helplessly drown at worst. This is particularly bad, because not only is it based on nothing, it also has plenty of evidence ''against'' it -- evidence that isn't even all that recent! In reality, it's been proven by fossilized trackways and oft-forgotten traces of webbing between a fossilized pterosaur's toes that some (though not ''all'') pterosaurs would actually have been very good swimmers, floating on top of the water like ducks or seabirds, with their wings spread flat on the water. In addition, there is ongoing work that strongly suggests most pterosaurs (even those not typically found near aquatic environments) were quite capable of launching from the water if they needed to.[[note]]Though it wouldn't have been very easy, as [[http://www.amnh.org/var/ezflow_site/storage/images/media/amnh/images/explore/news-and-blogs/april-2014-news-and-blogs/pteranodon-over-water-gif/1326854-2-eng-US/pteranodon-over-water-gif_medium.gif this gif demonstrates.]][[/note]] The worst danger they would face in this situation would be the predatory aquatic reptiles that lurk beneath the surface and while they [[http://markwitton-com.blogspot.com/2015/09/the-life-aquatic-with-flying-reptiles.html were probably too top-heavy to hold their heads up the same way birds do when they swim,]] there's no reason to assume that pterosaurs would be completely helpless if they found themselves in the water.
* Lacking [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d3/Pterosaur_wing_BW2.jpg the pteroid bone;]] this bone was found on each wing and controlled the front part of it. It was an anatomical feature unique to pterosaurs, as no other animal (living or extinct) has been discovered with anything even remotely similar.
* Portraying pterosaurs as [[AllFlyersAreBirds birds or the ancestors of birds]] -- while pterosaurs did fly, the actual ancestors of birds were true dinosaurs--more specifically, the maniraptor dinosaurs. Also, pterosaurs will often be shown to take good care of their eggs in the same way as birds, though more likely they simply laid their eggs and were done with that, like a modern lizard. There ''is'' a theory that larger pterosaurs would protect their eggs while said eggs were incubating and then dig them out of where they were buried, but even then it's believed that they'd leave the minute the eggs hatched.
* Like many dinosaurs (though not as much), pterosaurs in the media slip into RealIsBrown territory. In reality, we can be relatively confident that living pterosaurs would have been [[AmazingTechnicolorWildlife brightly and flamboyantly colored]]. Like most other reptiles, pterosaurs would have had excellent eyesight and been capable of seeing colors, and the ones with crests likely used said crests as visual signals to communicate with other pterosaurs. This is further supported with findings in 2017, when an unnamed tapejarid was discovered with fossilized melanosomes (pigment cells). Based on the types of melanin found in its fossil, its fur would have been black and its crest would have been red.


* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xM_pwc7rBcA This]] BC Dairy commercial.
* [[https://vimeo.com/69161796 This Beeline advertisement]] has a [[VisualEffectsOfAwesome really cool-looking]] "pterodactyl" hoist a man into the air with its feet and carry him to its nest, wherein he ends up [[spoiler:watching dinosaur cartoons with the babies on his portable media player]]. While the adult pterosaur is naked and bird footed, she also [[ShownTheirWork has long, rounded wings with pteroid bones on them and concept art shows that the babies have visible pycnofibres and are quadrupeds]]. Interestingly, the pterosaurs themselves look vaguely similar to a generic ctenochasmatoid, the kind of pterosaur ''Pterodactylus'' was. It's also interesting to note that the pterosaurs are shown nesting on a snowy mountaintop. Meaning that they ''must'' be warm-blooded [[ShownTheirWork (as real pterosaurs were)]] because they wouldn't be able to survive the cold if they weren't.

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Manga/InuYasha'' had a group of demons called 'demon birds'. Despite being called this, they were clearly pteranodon look-alikes. they certainly acted like birds in the way they perched and called, but they curiously had the diet of a vampire bat. They were fairly anatomically inaccurate for a pterosaur, but this can be forgiven as they were demons, not real animals.
* The 2006 remake of ''Anime/{{Doraemon}}: Nobita's Dinosaur'' featured ''Pteranodon'' that can walk on their hind legs and ''Quetzalcoatlus'' that hunt in flocks. On the other wing, the ''Pteranodon'' were shown [[ShownTheirWork diving for food like pelicans or gannets]].
* ''Literature/TheMagicTreehouse'' film averts this with Henry the ''Pteranodon''. He has the right body proportions and anatomical features (wings supported by one elongated fourth finger, pteroid bone, a correctly shaped skull with a toothless beak, non-grasping feet, and skin described as being similar to velvet meaning pycnofibres), and he even [[ShownTheirWork takes off by vaulting]]. However, he is too big and lives inland, and a book refers to him as a dinosaur despite being properly identified as a pterosaur.
** He's also living in the wrong time period; while ''Pteranodon'' did live in the Cretaceous Period, this one was shown at the very end of that time period (right alongside ''TyrannosaurusRex''). In reality, ''Pteranodon'' had already gone extinct by that time.
* ''Franchise/{{Digimon}}'' features [[http://vignette2.wikia.nocookie.net/digimon/images/6/6f/Pteramon_b.jpg/revision/latest?cb=20131213031024 Pteramon,]] a digimon resembling a cross between a ''Pteranodon'' and [[CrazyAwesome a fighter jet]].
** [[http://dma.wtw-x.net/DMA/DigimonStands/Toei/Monodramon.jpg Monodramon]] is mostly meant to look like a dragon, but some of his physical characteristics (beaklike snout, wing finger, single horn on his head resembling a crest, etc.) certainly give off pterosaur vibes. Whether or not this was intentional is not known.
* Zans the young, [[TalkingAnimal talking]] ''Pteranodon'' from ''Anime/JuraTripper''. Anatomy-wise he's not bad (toothless, furry, quadrupedal), although he can stand on his hind legs for quite an amount of time. The adult ''Pteranodon'', however, are shown capable of carrying adult humans on their backs.
* Averted with flying colors in ''Anime/InazumaEleven GO: Chrono Stone'' with Torb's..."father", Tochan. He's a very, ''very'' accurate ''Quetzalcoatlus'', having the right proportions, size and anatomical features (including wings supported by one finger, pteroid bone, plantigrade/non-grasping feet, etc.). The only major inaccuracies seem to be his pointy wingtips, his apparent lack of fuzz (though that may just be the art style) and mild shrinkwrapping (his temporal fenestra is faintly visible). Also, he can somehow play soccer, but that's an {{Acceptable Break|s From Reality}}.
* ''Series/{{Godzilland}}'' has a SuperDeformed version of Rodan, who has most of the same features as the films such as scaly skin and bipedal stance. Thankfully, he is presented as toothless this time.
* Episode 6 of ''Manga/MissKobayashisDragonMaid'' showed a ''Quetzalcoatlus'' to associate with Quetzalcoatl/Lucoa, [[ShownTheirWork as the animal was named]] [[CaptainObvious after the Aztec deity she's based on]]. Said ''Quetzalcoatlus'' is shrinkwrapped (the outlines of the bones are faintly visible), seemingly naked (though the art style makes it hard to tell), and has digitigrade feet and transparent wing membranes, but at least it has the right proportions and anatomical features (pteroid bone, wings supported by fourth finger, etc.).

* Surprisingly averted in the New 52's ''ComicBook/TeenTitans'' comics. Bunker is attacked by an anatomically correct ''Geosternbergia'', the only flaw being pointy wings.
* Also averted in the first issue of ''TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles: Turtles in Time'', which featured an anatomically accurate Azhdarchid pterosaur.

* ''Series/ClashOfTheDinosaurs'' has a ''Quetzalcoatlus'' that, although featuring some new discoveries about pterosaurs (namely, the catapult way of taking off and the complex nervous system), is also scaly for no good reason, can apparently detect dinosaur urine and other strange fictitious traits that make it look like the pterosaur analogue of a superhero. That's just one of the many problems with this documentary.
** It also portrays it as a soaring, raptor-like predator. Which is... unlikely, to say the least. Although things are looking much better than they once did for the flight capabilities of large azhdarchid pterosaurs, their anatomy -- particularly of the rather well-preserved ''Quetzalcoatlus'' -- is rather incompatible with this method of predation. Instead, it's much more likely they fed like cranes -- landing, then using their long neck to snatch up smaller prey while their long legs grant them a superior elevated position for doing so.
* ''Series/WalkingWithDinosaurs'' fell somewhat to ScienceMarchesOn about its pterosaurs, and the way how they bend the wings when on the ground is still anatomically impossible. They still didn't give much effort into their ''Quetzalcoatlus'', which was just a recolored and slightly tweaked version of the ''Ornithocheirus'' model (short neck, teeth and all). On the other hand, they did show several lesser known species of pterosaurs, like said ''Ornithocheirus'' (based on specimens now assigned to the genus ''Tropeognathus''), the small South American species ''Tapejara'' (based on specimens now reassigned to the genus ''Tupandactylus''), or the Late Triassic ''Peteinosaurus'' (found mainly in modern day Italy and other parts of Europe and somewhat better known to paleontology fans).
** However, the ''Ornithocheirus'' is oversized to be ''Quetzalcoatlus''-sized (the narrator constantly emphasizes that it was the largest flying animal ever when every scientist and pterosaur-lover could tell you it was ''Quetzalcoatlus'' at the time), and the ''Pteranodon'' is placed in Late Cretaceous South America, when it lived in Late Cretaceous North America (correctly shown in the ''Sea Monsters'' spinoff).
*** Ironically, the ''Ornithocheirus'' and ''Pteranodon'' are the ''most'' accurate pterosaurs ([[ScienceMarchesOn for their time, at least]]) in the franchise; the biggest inaccuracies were the aforementioned MisplacedWildlife and size exaggeration, lack of pycnofibres and inability to swim.
** ''Anurognathus'' was hit hard by ScienceMarchesOn. Asides from [[MisplacedWildlife living in North America when it actually lived in Europe]], the animal is now depicted as a much furrier creature with no neck, a wide head, and whiskers, making it the pterosaur equivalent of a bat, instead of the reptilian oxpecker depicted. Really, the only thing the WWD version has in common is that it's an insectivore.
** There are Mark Witton's (an iconic pterosaur expert) comments:
--> - Under-muscled necks and heads
--> - Ear openings in the wrong place
--> - Heads are too small
--> - The Tapejara/Tupandactylus wings are too long
--> - The Tapejara/Tupandactylus crest has weird ridges that aren't known in any fossil
--> - Lack of pycnofibres
--> - Wing membranes look ok to me. Not sure about the way the wing folds up, though.
--> - Ornithocheirus is, at best, 6 m across the wings, not 12. No pterosaur seems to have had a 12 m wingspan.
--> - Body musculature is a bit off
--> - Terrestrial posture is too sprawled
--> - Statement that '6 m spans are common' is wrong for the Lower Cretaceous. There were such animals there, but they are much rarer than smaller species
--> - Flight looks a bit slow
* ''Series/DinosaurPlanet'' features ''Quetzalcoatlus'' that are just long necked ''Pteranodon'' that nest inland for no good reason.
* ''WesternAnimation/WhenDinosaursRoamedAmerica'' has a ''Quetzalcoatlus'' that is clumsy on the ground and has a flexible, bird-like neck, but again ScienceMarchesOn.
* Inverted on ''Series/AnimalArmageddon'', where ''Quetzalcoatlus'' is among the very few creatures that are not hideous CGI abominations with no connection to reality.
* The documentary ''Flying Monsters 3D'' by Creator/DavidAttenborough attempted to be an aversion of this trope. Unfortunately, [[http://pterosaur-net.blogspot.com/2011/01/what-despair-pterosaurs-and-david.html several mistakes made through to the final version]]. At least the visuals are nice.
** They also got the quadrupedal launch and pycnofibres right, so there's a plus.
** It also quite possibly the ''only'' documentary to remember that [[http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-l7EOwP71ixA/U4pacaRJyVI/AAAAAAAAFAc/JSKi_fDzuxI/s1600/tupandactylus.png pterosaurs could swim]].
* Poor ''Quetzalcoatlus'' can never catch a break. Even the '11 documentary movie, ''WesternAnimation/MarchOfTheDinosaurs'' managed to badly screw up its anatomy. Besides the usual scales, it was depicted as a biped, and actually lacked its three small wing fingers. On top of that, the narrator claimed it was a scavenger, which is a notion which should have long been forgotten by docu-makers. [[note]]Notice above where it says its neck ''isn't'' flexible? Like a vulture, it'd need a flexible neck to dig into the carcass and root out bits of flesh, and it doesn't have one.[[/note]]
* ''Series/DinosaurRevolution'' is a precious aversion of this when it comes to its pterodactyloids; both the ''Anhanguera'' and the generic azhdarchids are possibly the most accurate pterosaurs in fictionland after the ''Pteranodon/[[ScienceMarchesOn Geostenbergia]]'' in Disney's ''Disney/{{Dinosaur}}'' (see below); unfortunately, its ''Rhamphorhynchus'' is still an ugly abomination barely resembling the real animal.
** The third episode had another sequence that briefly showed azhdarchids scavenging. Again, the notion that azdarchids were specialized scavengers is not likely true, but it's more likely that they were engaging in opportunistic carrion feeding, like some storks do today.
* ''Series/PlanetDinosaur'' features ''Hatzegopteryx'', chaoyangopterids and more unidentified pterosaurs. Behaviour-wise, they are accurate (''Hatzegopteryx'' being depicted as a terrestrial predator for example), despite both azhdarchoids being shown scavenging, but one critical error, thanks to ScienceMarchesOn, still applies. ''Hatzegopteryx'', despite being depicted as a terrifying terrestrial predator, ''was not as scary as the real thing'', because it was armed with a larger head and a much shorter, thicker neck, plus a muscular build, for taking down and ripping apart the ''adult'' dinosaurs, while in the show it ate only prey it could swallow whole. There are also a few small anatomical errors, such as pointy wings and lack of a pteroid bone.
* In ''Film/DragonsAFantasyMadeReal'', ''Pteranodon''-like pterosaurs appear as scavengers trying to dine on the baby prehistoric dragon's deceased mother. There is so much wrong with this, but a particularly glaring aspect is that ''Pteranodon'' and its ilk were simply not built to be specialized scavengers (they didn't have the right mouths for it). It may have ''occasionally'' scavenged if the opportunity arose, but even then it would almost certainly do so on beached sea creatures instead of dead inland animals.
* Nicely averted with the ''Quetzalcoatlus'' from [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1E-nAJaN1jk this Japanese dinosaur documentary]], which has pycnofibres, takes off by vaulting and hunts prey on the ground.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* Justified with Adam Squall/Terrordactyl, the protagonist in ''Fanfic/RiseOfTheGaleforces''. His pterosaur form is based on a ''Pteranodon'' with a misshapen, toothy beak, a CartoonyTail [[DinosaursAreDragons looking rather like a dragon's,]] prehensile feet, and bat-like wings; this is {{handwaved}} by the fact that the local genetics companies meddled with his DNA, as with the ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' examples below which also appear in several chapters. Thankfully, he has ptero-fuzz, walks on all fours, has wing membranes supported by only one finger, and even uses the quadrupedal launch. Notably, [[BerserkButton he dislikes being called a dinosaur]], but he's cool with being called a pterodactyl, probably because he believes it refers to the subfamily rather than the specific genus.
** The ''Ornithocheirus'' that show up in later chapters behave a lot like the ''Cearadactylus'' in the first ''Literature/JurassicPark'' novel, being unusually aggressive and strong. At least they pick things up with their beaks instead of their feet like the Pteranodons do.
* Matt Frank's GodzillaNeo Universe gives us [[http://fav.me/d1lq71p a more realistic take on Rodan]] (see the Film folder below). He still has leathery wings and bird-like feet, but at least he's toothless and (again) has wings supported by the one finger.
* The ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' fanfic ''[[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/8085799/1/Pinkassic-Park Pinkassic Park]]'' somewhat averts this trope in that it presents dinosaurs and pterosaurs as different types of animals and makes the pterosaurs fuzzy, although ''Pteranodon'' is somewhat aggressive. In a CrowningMomentOfAwesome, [[CrazyAwesome Pinkie Pie]] actually tames and rides a ''Quetzalcoatlus''.
* The MassiveMultiplayerCrossover Fic ''Fanfic/TheWorldOfTheCreatures'' contains a number of pterosaurs, which the text specifies as having stiff, complex wing membranes and pycnofibers. Seeing as how ''Blog/TetrapodZoology'' author, Darren Naish is a character, it's not surprising that the author has [[ShownTheirWork done their research]].
* [[BigNameFan Big Name]] VideoGame/{{Pokemon}} [[BigNameFan Fan]] Arvalis did a [[http://arvalis.deviantart.com/art/Aerodactyl-375770736 more realistic take on Aerodactyl]]; instead of having a batlike extra wing finger, its wings are supported by a second pteroid bone (referred to as an "aeroid") and its beak has ''Ornithocheirus''-like crests on the jaws. Interestingly, it also has a sail on its back like a ''Spinosaurus''.

[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* ''WesternAnimation/IceAge3DawnOfTheDinosaurs'' has the stereotypical cartoony pterodactyls; about the only thing remotely accurate was that the animal's wing was somewhat rounded in shape, instead of the pointy wings seen in other mediocre depictions (flight would be impossible if the wings were that pointy in RealLife). Also, they were quadrupedal on the ground, but they use the bipedal launch.
* ''Disney/{{Dinosaur}}'' features perhaps a rare aversion; here, a very anatomically accurate ''Pteranodon sternbergi'' (or ''[[ScienceMarchesOn Geosternbergia]]'') carries Aladar's egg in the beginning.
* The Rite of Spring segmant of ''Disney/{{Fantasia}}'' showed what for the time and even by today's standards are pretty accurate ''Pteranodon'' that were shown as quadrupeds, eating fish and squid and picking them up with their mouths. On the flip side however, they are still extremely skinny and according to recent studies, they vaulted off the ground and did not roost on cliffs like gulls. Several of them are also seen hanging upside down from cliffs in a bat-like fashion, something that most modern paleontologists believe pterosaurs were probably incapable of.
* Elsa from ''WesternAnimation/WereBackADinosaursStory'' is a Pterodactyl with a long tail who [[IAmNotWeasel hates being called a bat]]. And, well, she has a monstrously inaccurate wing structure. She really DOES look more like a bat.
** For some reason though she's perfectly fine with being called a dinosaur (even using the term herself), though she probably had no way of knowing better seeing as she was uplifted to sapience alongside a trio of true dinosaurs and presumably never informed that she was something different.
* Petrie in ''WesternAnimation/TheLandBeforeTime'' looks like a seventies ''Pteranodon'', but at least the animators tried to lessen the blow by giving him subtle influence from theories that were new back then and eventually turned out true, like making him walk on all fours most of the time and not mentioning his diet. The sequels, however, threw these hints to the garbage can and made all pterosaurs vulture [[{{Expy}} expies]] that eat leaves. They do manage to get some things right, though. For example, it is probably the only piece of dinosaur media to remember the BizarreSexualDimorphism of ''Pteranodon'' (Petrie's mother has a stumpy crest and is rather short, his uncle has a massive crest and is really tall).
* The "Pterodactyls" from the Pixar movie ''WesternAnimation/TheGoodDinosaur'' are quite the hodgepodge of stereotypes, although they receive some credit for averting [[StockDinosaurs Stock Pterosaurs]]. The main one, Thunderclap, looks like a ''Nyctosaurus'' but he's too big, has grasping talons, a too-small crest, [[ToothyBird teeth]], wing claws (which wouldn't be a problem if it was any other type of pterosaur, but ''Nyctosaurus'' is the only known pterosaur that ''lacked'' any wing claws), is extremely scrawny and is a vicious predator as opposed to the fish-eater that ''Nyctosaurus'' was in real life. The other pterosaurs appear to be ''Caulkicephalus'', ''Ludodactylus'', and ''Guidraco'', and they share the same grasping talons and scrawny frames as Thunderclap as well as also being portrayed as predators instead of fish-eaters. On the other hand, all of them are portrayed as quadrupeds like real pterosaurs, but they walk on their knuckles instead of flat on their fingers. Fortunately, there is one tie-in coloring book which states [[ShownTheirWork they are not dinosaurs but flying reptiles]].
* ''The Christmas Dinosaur'' – a [[SoOkayItsAverage cute but forgettable]] ChristmasSpecial from 2004 focusing on two boys who accidentally hatch a baby ''Pteranodon'' on Christmas--has quite a bit of this. For starters, the ''Pteranodon'' has the usual grasping feet and is able to carry the two boys at once, and it's also seemingly lacking wingclaws like a ''Nyctosaurus''. At least they got its diet correct; it's depicted as loving to eat fish and shrimp, something a ''Pteranodon'' would enjoy. Confusingly, both the title and characters refer to it as a dinosaur, but it's also more accurately called a pterosaur.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' sequels famously depict ''Pteranodon longiceps'' as the token non-dinosaur prehistoric thing; of the two varieties, none is accurate. The first, which appears in ''Film/TheLostWorldJurassicPark'', is exactly like the ''Pteranodon'' of the seventies; leathery winged, bird necked, naked[[note]]or maybe not since the conceptual art and models show them with a thin coat of pycnofibres[[/note]], can perch on trees. The second in ''Film/JurassicParkIII'' looks slightly more like a real pterosaur, but it is again naked, its wings also seem leathery, and it has freaking teeth ("Pteranodon" [[MeaningfulName means]] '''toothless wing''') and again grasping feet. Possibly justified as they could be mutants, like other cloned prehistoric reptiles in the movies.
** The YA novelization of ''Film/JurassicParkIII'' actually does state that the Pteranodons were genetically altered to be bigger/more impressive and are not the genuine prehistoric animal.
** They have [[AllFlyersAreBirds bird-like nests]] in ''III''. [[ArtisticLicenseBiology Pterosaurs do not raise their young in that way!]]
** This is played straight, to various degrees, in the spinoff video-games too. In episode 2 of Telltale's ''VideoGame/JurassicParkTheGame'', a ''Pteranodon'' (based on JPIII's version, down to having teeth) attacks a rescue helicopter for no apparent reason.
** It just unintentionally bumped the chopper while chasing that flock of birds. But that in itself is another mistake: Pteranodons were fish-eaters, and probably wouldn't be too interested in birds. Azhdarchids, on the other hand, may have hunted terrestrial prey, but mostly ground-dwelling animals like small reptiles, mammals, and maybe dinosaur hatchlings.
** In ''Film/JurassicWorld'', the ''Pteranodon'' (which are toothless this time, thankfully) are not only still portrayed as DeathFromAbove, but also joined by a different pterosaur: ''Dimorphodon''. The ''Dimorphodons'' themselves, however, are depicted as aerial predators (the real life ''Dimorphodon'' was a harmless insectivore/hunter of small animals), but they are fortunately portrayed with pycnofibres in contrast to the once again naked ''Pteranodons''. Interestingly, this film is probably the first pop culture work[[note]]aside from ''Doraemon: Nobita's Dinosaur 2006'' mentioned above [[/note]] to depict ''Pteranodons'' plunge diving for food like pelicans or gannets, [[ShownTheirWork something they likely did in real life]], and it also remembers their sexual dimorphism (having short, stumpy crests when female).
** Concept art and models for ''The Lost World'' showed there were plans for ''Geosternbergia/Pteranodon sternbergi'', which looked relatively accurate for the time. It was even portrayed with [[ShownTheirWork pycnofibres]].
** Then again, it has been said in the canon a million times that the many animals that appeared in the Franchise/JurassicPark films are just man-made abominations that barely resemble their RealLife counterparts.
* In the ''Film/{{Prehysteria}}'' trilogy, we have a miniature ''Pteranodon sternbergi'' (now "''Geosternbergia sternbergi''") named after Madonna. Anatomy-wise, she's actually [[ShownTheirWork quite accurate]], being correctly proportioned, quadrupedal, toothless and unable to carry things with her feet. She also, however, lacks the sexual dimorphism pteranodontid pterosaurs had (her crest is supposed to be much smaller) and is shown eating raisins when she should be eating fish (though the ''TyrannosaurusRex'' is also shown eating raisins). Curiously, she's also depicted as [[PollyWantsAMicrophone being able to mimic human speech like a parrot]].
* The movie ''Pterodactyl''. Imagine if the second variety of JP ''Pteranodon''s took steroids and decided to go bipedal. [[SoBadItsGood Granted, this is a movie that has one slice a man in half with its wing.]]
* This trope technically first appeared in early movies like ''Film/KingKong1933'', back when not much was known about prehistoric animals in general. At least, unlike below, the wings are those of a pterosaur...
* ''Film/OneMillionYearsBC'' has Loanna captured by an immense, bat-winged ''Pteranodon'' to be fed to its young. The ''Pteranodon'' and its young then get killed by an oversized, short-tailed, and also bat-winged ''Rhamphorhynchus''.
** Also from Creator/RayHarryhausen is ''Film/TheValleyOfGwangi'', with an iconic scene of a ''Pteranodon'' (toothed and bat-winged) being lassoed and wrestled by a cowboy.
* A New Zealand version of ''Literature/JourneyToTheCenterOfTheEarth'' has pterodactyls that represent everything that is wrong with cultural perception of pterosaurs. Then again, the movie is really just horrible.
* The giant pterosaur ''Film/{{Rodan}}'' is a mutated Pteranodon (Its Japanese name "Radon", is a play on the name "Pte-RA-no-DON") that is scaly, walks on its hind legs, has teeth, and can grab things with its talons [[note]][[ScienceMarchesOn to be fair, the scales were accurate for 1956 pterosaur science]][[/note]]. Considering Rodan is supposed to be a fictional movie monster ({{kaiju}}, as many fans will tell you, run on RuleOfCool and should be thought of as merely oversized animals) and not a realistic portrayal of a Pterosaur, this is intentional. He is, after all, played by a man in a suit, and his next appearance has him hanging out with Franchise/{{Godzilla}}.
* The ''Film/StarWars'' prequel ''Film/RevengeOfTheSith'' featured a cameo from a large winged creature called a Dactillion (the name should be an indicator), which was basically a cross between a pterosaur, a dragon and a lizard. Of course, it's an alien creature, so paleontological accuracy really can't be assessed here.

* ''Literature/WestOfEden'' features scaly, cold blooded pterosaurs that can't even take off from the ground. It completely illustrates what this trope is about, as it was written in the '80s and features things that would make even the paleontologists of the '70s cry.
* The original ''Literature/JurassicPark'' novel featured an aviary full of ''[[SeldomSeenSpecies Cearadactylus]]''. While they were depicted as [[ShownTheirWork furry, quadrupedal fish-eaters]], they also filled the "airborne terror" role. Granted, the reason they were so aggressive was much more plausible than most portrayals (they were naturally territorial). They're also erroneously referred to as "birds" and "flying dinosaurs".
* ''Literature/{{Dinoverse}}'' has Janine Farehouse BodySwap into a Quetzalcoatlus. A bipedal one with a short neck and no crest, who lives off fish and is inexplicably able to hang upside down on a cliff face. She also has surprising dexterity, but then again so do the kids who became a tyrannosaur and a ''Leptoceratops'', respectively.
* Literature/{{Dinotopia}}'s Skybax, which are essentially an undiscovered species of Quetzalcoatlus ridden by this canon's equivalent to [[DragonRider Dragon Riders]], are about as accurate as most of the other prehistoric creatures. Granted, they don't have fur and their necks are quite flexible, but once again, ScienceMarchesOn.
* ''Dinosaurology'' (the 2013 installment of the series started by ''Dragonology'') features pterosaurs that soundly avert this trope. The ''Pteranodons'' are correctly depicted as harmless fish-eaters. The azhdarchid (implied to be a ''Hatzegopteryx'') is correctly depicted as a terrestrial macro-predator, and just to show how much research they've done, isn't even recognized by the scientists who meet it due to the story taking place in 1907 (''Hatzegopteryx'' itself was not discovered and recognized by science until 2002). All of the pterosaurs are furry, quadrupedal, have pteroid bones, vault from level ground with their wings and are heavily muscled.
* The companion book for ''Film/KingKong2005'' featured a speculative flightless pterosaur called a "Scissor-Head", which gave up flight and took up wading and diving. The main problem is that the Scissor-Head's [[http://z3.ifrm.com/93/186/0/p258129/Speculative_Evolution___Scissor_Head.jpg body plan]] is ''way'' too [[AllFlyersAreBirds birdlike]] to match with a flightless pterosaur and it lacks pycnofibres with no explanation of where they went (to be fair, [[ArtisticLicensePaleontology none of the dinosaurs seem to have plumage either]]). The authors and artist get points for creativity, though.
** Subverted with the Vultursaurs--they look like stereotypical "lizard-bat" pterodactyls from fiction, but are in fact an offshoot lineage of theropod dinosaurs that developed batlike wings instead of feathers. HilariousInHindsight, seeing as ten years later it was discovered in real life that there ''were'' [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yi_(dinosaur) theropod dinosaurs that developed batlike wings]] (though there's some debate as to ''how'' batlike they were; some argue that they were more like flying squirrels), although they still had feathers.
* Although he provides the page quote, Dougal Dixon is himself guilty of this trope, most evidently in his SpeculativeDocumentary book ''Literature/TheNewDinosaursAnAlternativeEvolution'', where most of the pterosaurs resemble some unholy amalgam between mammal and bird, with rampant heterodont dentition, bipedalism, and use of the wing finger for walking on. This is mostly due to [[ScienceMarchesOn science marching on]] however, as the book was written in the 1980s when pterosaur knowledge was still very new.
* ''Z. Apocalypse'' (the third and final installation of the ''Z. rex'' series) has the Z. dactyl, a genetically-advanced ''Ornithocheirus'' with the tail of a ''Rhamphorhynchus''. [[ShownTheirWork Thankfully]], the author makes sure to identify it as a pterosaur instead of a dinosaur, and it gets pointed out when it's called a "pterodactyl" in that ''Pterodactylus'' was a much smaller pterosaur.
* Largely averted in ''Literature/LordOfTheRings'' (of all places): Tolkien stated that the "Fell Beasts" the Nazgul fly on ''aren't'' pterosaurs, despite having naked skin, beaked faces and featherless wings described as "webs of hide between horned fingers". That being said, though, he did acknowledge that they are "pterodactylic" in nature, and "might even be 'a last survivor of older geological eras.'"
* Averted in ''Primitive War''. The ''Quetzalcoatlus'' have pycnofibres, walk quadrupedally, and are portrayed as terrestrial predators using their beaks to grab. They also have speculative bristles on their tongues which help them get a firm grasp on their prey.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Primeval}}'''s ''Pteranodon'' is fairly standard -- nothing especially wrong with it, but not exactly a transcendent portrayal -- but the ''Anurognathus'' in the same episode are bipedal scrawny things with the PiranhaProblem. Both lack pycnofibres.
** Its spinoff, ''New World'', features a pteranodon that's anatomically accurate (even with a straggly covering of pycnofibres), but bigger and meaner.
* The ''Series/{{Torchwood}}'' pterodactyls look like a slightly less mediocre version of ''Film/JurassicParkIII'''s second pterosaur variety. By "less mediocre", its just because it lacks teeth. Sans the appearance, Myfanwy also seems to be a super predator when even its anatomy dictates that injuring partially-converted Cybermen and ''Apatosaurus''-aliens would be a fairly hard task.
* The rhamphorynchid antagonists in episode 3 of ''Series/TerraNova''. To be exact, they lack pycnofibres and also have the PiranhaProblem. Not to mention that "rhamphorhynchoids" are [[AnachronismStew believed to have been extinct by the show's 85 million-year-old date.]][[note]]Though [[http://www.askabiologist.org.uk/answers/viewtopic.php?id=2417 a Candeleros Formation specimen]] may indeed reflect a late-living "rhamphorhynchoid."[[/note]] There is a larger and (slightly) better-looking pterodactyloid species that has a few cameos in one or two episodes, although it also commits the crime of being naked with pointed wings.
* The ''Series/DoctorWho'' episode "Dinosaurs on a Spaceship" features abnormally aggressive Pteranodons (called "Pterodactyls" by The Doctor) attacking The Doctor, Rory, and Brian (Rory's dad) in one scene. Granted, the Pterosaurs don't try to grab anyone with their feet, but that still doesn't excuse the writers for having them try to stab the heroes with their beaks. Pteranodon ate fish, it would have no reason to attack people. Oh, and they don't hunt in packs either.
* Various incarnations of ''Franchise/PowerRangers'' (''Franchise/SuperSentai'' in Japan) have featured Zords based on various species of pterosaurs. While they do have their share of inaccuracies (calling a ''Pteranodon'' a "Pterodactyl" just to name one), they do at least try a little by having some lesser-known pterosaurs be featured. The "Dragozord", for example, is a robotic ''Tupuxuara''. Plus, the series runs on RuleOfCool, and these are HumongousMecha, not living creatures, so accuracy isn't exactly a priority.

* [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZO6DGWsW6Pc This music video]], despite making the valiant effort to point out that pterosaurs and dinosaurs are not the same thing, is enough to make any pterosaur fan scream out in frustration; it claims that pterosaurs and birds are closely related (they're not), that pterosaurs laid their eggs in nests and took care of them (they didn't), that ''Pteranodon'' ate fish while flying (it did eat fish, but not that way) and that most/all pterosaurs had teeth (only some did). Typical errors like pointy, batlike wings and tendency to use the word "pterodactyl" as if it's interchangeable with pterosaur [[note]]although the artist acknowledged this error in the comments, claiming that she used "pterodactyl" because it sounded cooler[[/note]] are also present. At least the song is catchy.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The [[http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/arcana/591 Pteron]] from ''MagicTheGathering''.
** Ixalan is even worse as the local pterosaurs are typed as dinosaurs in the cards, have eagle-like hindlimbs and even have feathers (and, in some cases, fully feathered wings) to boot. Some consequently look more like wyverns or even ''birds'' than actual pterosaurs. Pretty excusable, given that they're explicitly pterosaur-based fantasy creatures.
* There are many species of these on Venus in ''TabletopGames/RocketAge'', the largest being the Winged Devil with a ten metre wingspan.
* The cover for ''Lands of Mystery'', a LostWorld sourcebook for ''[[TabletopGame/HeroSystem Justice Inc.]]'', features a villain riding a ''Quetzalcoatlus''. If you check the creature stats, this is absolutely possible in the game ... though both the ''Quetzalcoatlus'' and ''Pteranodon'' writeups give them Gliding rather than true Flight, so their use as airborne transport is somewhat limited. ''Quetzalcoatlus'' is also noted as being capable of carrying off [=NPCs=] to feed to its young. [[JustifiedTrope Can be forgiven]] since ''Justice Inc.'' was a pulp game and pterosaurs, like every other critter, are acting the way they did in the pulps.

* The often overlooked (or purposely ignored?) U.K.R.D. released a number of dinosaur toys in the beginning of the nineties, among them a ''Pteranodon'' with an "interesting" approach. While its torso was correctly covered in "hair", it had the stubby legs of a goat, a tiny head and short beak/crest, and bat wings covered in thick scales.
* Chinasaurs. The term refers to toys that don't give any indication as to which manufacturer made them, only have the word CHINA stamped onto their underside. Though dinosaurs are more common, a couple of these secretive Chinese companies released a number of pterosaur toys as well, among them a sculpt that can only be described as the following: the figure looks like an ''Archaeopteryx'' (which ''wasn't'' a pterosaur, but a bird-like dinosaur) from above, save for its head, with a nicely sculpted plumage. Though the undersides of its wings are flat and bare, and its head resembles that of a heron, with a ''Pteranodon''-like crest extending from its back.
* There have been a few pterosaur-based ''Franchise/{{Transformers}}'' toys throughout the years, some less stellar than others. The [[Franchise/TransformersGeneration1 original]] Dinobot Swoop was a boxy-looking metal ''Pteranodon'' that rested on its hind legs. Can be forgiven, as he was never meant to represent a realistic animal. The standard ''Pteranodon'' mold from ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars'', however, ''was'', and fared badly -- huge crocodilian scales, a bird-like stance, prominent teeth. Skysaur, the Japanese-exclusive ''Quetzalcoatlus'' was similar, although he even had a bird-like beak and an incredibly short neck to boot. The Mini-Con ''Pteranodon'' mold and ''WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated'''s Swoop-redesign were also old-school, biped pterosaurs, though like the original Swoop, they too were meant to be more mechanical-looking, so there is some leeway.
* The ''WesternAnimation/DinoRiders'' toy line had for the good guys ''Quetzalcoatlus'', ''Pterodactylus'', and several small ''Rhamphorhynchus'' which came with the ''Brontosaurus'' set. The villains had ''Pteranodon'', and as late addition also a ''Quetzalcoatlus''. A [[AmazingTechnicolorWildlife leopard-patterned]] one.
** While the pterosaurs are out of scale (sans ''Rhamphorhynchus'' who is properly small), they are surprisingly anatomically accurate for their time. ''Quetzalcoatlus'' and ''Pterodactylus'' are both portrayed as crested (surprising for the latter as it was not known to have a crest until 2004), and in the cartoon all the pterosaur genera are portrayed as quadrupeds. Also, the ''Quetzalcoatlus'', ''Pteranodon'',[[note]]which was a ''Quetzalcoatlus'' toy with a different head design[[/note]] and ''Pterodactylus'' all had a "skin" texture that portrayed a coating of hair.
* The Cuddlekins toy line (a line of plush toys by Wild Republic) includes a fairly accurate Pteranodon plush. It's got a furry body, no teeth, non-grasping feet (and ''webbed'' feet at that, implying a swimming ability--something even fully educational venues are prone to forgetting), and its wings are supported by a single finger rather than being bat-like.
* The ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' toyline has had pterosaurs (mostly ''Pteranodons'', but there's a ''Quetzalcoatlus'' and a ''Tapejara'' as well) since before they appeared in the movies. They have their wings correctly supported by a single finger, but all have grasping feet and their wings are connected to the hips instead of legs, and in some toys not connected to the body at all (though this is most likely for the sake of articulation). At least all ''Pteranodon'' toys, even the ones based on ''Film/JurassicParkIII'', are properly toothless.
** Unfortunately, for some baffling reason the ''Pteranodon'' figure made for the ''Film/JurassicWorld'' toy line ''does'' have teeth, and they appear to have been made as obvious and ugly as possible (ironic, since being toothless was one of the few things the film itself ''didn't'' screw up about its ''Pteranodon'' design).
* Surprisingly averted with [[http://www.yogee.com.au/lego-174-dino-5883-pteranodon-tower-takedown.html this]] {{Lego}} playset; while the wings are not connected correctly (and like the above mentioned Jurassic Park examples, this is probably just for the sake of articulation), the ''Pteranodon'' in the kit is very accurate. It's toothless, eats fish and even has rounded wingtips! It's still referred to as a dinosaur, though.
* Toys/BeanieBabies had Swoop the "Pterodactyl" ([[http://www.tycollector.com/beanies/bb-images/swoop-4268-2.jpg who looks like this]]), who was a classic example. He has pointy, batlike wings, a bipedal birdlike stance, and a prominent tail (despite evidently being based on a ''Pteranodon''). Probably the only accurate thing about him is that he doesn't have teeth. At least he's [[RidiculouslyCuteCritter cute]].
* The Japanese toy line Colorata beautifully averts this with both their [[http://www.colorata.com/fs/colorata/figure/figurebox_dd1 figurines]] and their [[http://www.colorata.com/fs/colorata/st_dinosaur/st_sitting_dd07 Pteranodon plush.]]
* Averted with the Chicago Field Museum's plush [[http://store.fieldmuseum.org/product/FIELD_MUSEUM_-_PTERANODON_PLUSH Pteranodon.]] It's furry, quadrupedal, has webbed feet, lacks teeth, wings are attached to the lower legs, and it even has a pteroid bone.
* While the Axtell Expressions puppet [[http://www.axtell.com/terryd.html "Terry Dactyl"]] is most likely not ''supposed'' to be accurate, the company was at least willing to add fur to the puppet, even pointing out that they did it for the sake of accuracy.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Turok}}'' follows the ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' pterosaur model once more.
* Terry in ''VIdeoGame/BanjoTooie'' definitely has teeth, and no end of mucus. For a male, he's awfully possessive about his eggs.
** A baddie encountered in that same world is the Soarasaurus. It resembles a cartoony green ''Pteranodon''.
* In ''VideoGame/DungeonSiegeII'', there is a type of enemy called the Terrak, which (except for the small tail) looks very much like ''Pteranodon''. What makes the paleontologists and dinosaur enthusiasts cry is the violation of the RuleOfCool that comes with these animals, which can be summed up in this question: "If they have wings, [[AcrophobicBird why are they always walking?]]"
* The first ''VideoGame/EccoTheDolphin'' game features a helpful ''Pteranodon'' in the {{Prehistoria}} levels who was essentially copy/pasted from an old artist's rendering of the species. He somehow manages to carry a bull bottlenose dolphin with no grasping hind feet.
* [[Characters/PokemonGenerationIFamilies Aerodactyl]], the Fossil Franchise/{{Pokemon}}, plays this trope as straight as can be. This is justified, however, in that it isn't meant to represent any known species to begin with, and also because it takes elements from [[DinosaursAreDragons the two-legged, two-winged wyvern]] (which may explain why the [[OurDragonsAreDifferent Dragon-type]] specialist Lance has one on his team). As of 2014, there is a pterosaur species named after Aerodactyl, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerodactylus Aerodactylus scolopaciceps,]]'' in a bizarre way, this technically means that Aerodactyl has been {{Defictionaliz|ation}}ed[[note]]Though of course it can't be cloned and probably wasn't a gigantic super predator.[[/note]].
** Skarmory from Gold and Silver also takes a bit of influence from pop-culture pterosaurs, tending to play the KidnappingBirdOfPrey role a lot of these creatures occupy. While its body is largely bird-like in shape, it has a head resembling that of a ''Pteranodon'' with a few teeth in its lower jaw, a vertically flattened tail not unlike that of certain long-tailed pterosaurs (but much shorter), and weird-looking RazorWings that resemble Venetian blinds more than anything else.
* The Pteranodons from ''VideoGame/PrimalCarnage'' follow the ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' recipe as per usual, though in this case it's outright stated that all of the dniosaurs were genetically altered. Earlier designs in particular had misshapen wings and disproportionately small, short heads, though later models remedied these flaws and kept the animals toothless. Commendably, they are one of the few examples that use the [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8hz4HGS_jc quadrupedal launch]] [[ShownTheirWork as real pterosaurs probably did.]]
* The ''Quetzalcoatlus'' from ''The Hunter Primal'' while reasonably accurate (they have Pycnofibers and a realistic skull shape) show a KidnappingBirdOfPrey like behaviour similar to the ones seen in ''VideoGame/PrimalCarnage'' and ''VideoGame/DinoCrisis'' in which they grab the player's character with their feet (which is anatomically impossible) to then letting you free causing to suffer a swift death [[NotTheFallThatKillsYou by showing you how gravity works]]. Ironically and in spite of the fact that Quetzalcoatlus was one of the most terrestrial species of Pterosaur, they are never seen on the ground.
* The first ''VideoGame/SilentHill1'' featured two monsters, the Air Screamer and the Night Flutter. Those creatures were based on illustrations from one of Alessa's favourite book, ''Literature/{{The Lost World|1912}}'' by Sir Creator/ArthurConanDoyle. This being ''Franchise/SilentHill'', the flying horrors haven been twisted by the town, with the Air Screamer resembling a hideously emaciated pterodactyl/bat hybrid and the Night Flutter possessing a human-like body and a wriggling mass of worms for a head.
* ''VideoGame/DinoCrisis'' also has pretty stock pterosaurs, which are apparently supposed to be ''Pteranodon''. They lack "fur" and are only seen on the ground when they die, flapping pathetically (although they landed in a bipedal stance at one point). They also attack Regina by -- you guessed it -- hoisting her up into the air with their feet, with one death scene showing them carrying away her 100+ pound corpse. Granted, if they did not attack her it would be [[AcceptableBreaksFromReality a fairly boring game and would make them a pointless enemy]], but their motivation is apparently to eat her. Oddly enough, at least one [[AllThereInTheManual strategy guide]] [[LampshadeHanging points out the errors of a]] ''[[LampshadeHanging Pteranodon]]'' [[LampshadeHanging predating on a human]] [[WildMassGuessing and speculates that they are attacking her for territorial reasons]].
* Pteranodons are enemies in the [[JungleJapes Amazon]] level in ''VideoGame/{{Strider}}'', and they look sort of allright outside of their leathery pointy wings. The fact they exist in the year 2048 is justified as they (like all other dinosaurs in the stage) were bio-engineered by the BigBad as one of his experiments.
* Pi'illodactyls in ''VideoGame/MarioAndLuigiDreamTeam''. Still, you could at least argue they're a fictional species from a fantasy world.
** From [[VideoGame/MarioAndLuigiSuperstarSaga earlier in the series]], you have Blablanadon, fittingly named for his [[MotorMouth chatty nature]]. The brothers rescue him from a monster atop Hoohoo Mountain named Dragohoho [[spoiler:(really Prince Peasley having been [[BalefulPolymorph cursed into that form]] by Cackletta)]], and, at the end of the game, he takes them to and from Bowser's flying castle [[spoiler:(now being manned by [[DemonicPossession Bowletta]])]].
* ''VideoGame/StarFoxAdventures'' gives us the [=CloudRunner=] Tribe, which are bipedal ''Pteranodon'' with long tails and single-clawed wings that fold like birds.
* ''VideoGame/Spyro2RiptosRage'' has "pterodactyls" that look like birds, grasp like birds, and make hawk-like noises.
** ''VideoGame/SpyroEnterTheDragonfly'' featured "Flying Riptocs", which resemble bat-winged ''Pteranodon''.
* ''VideoGame/MonsterHunter''s Qurupeco is obviously partly based on pterosaurs, but as a birdwyvern, it still walks on its hindlegs with a very bird-like body and sports some feathers instead of pycnofibres. Justified because it's not really a pterosaur but a bird-wyvern, which are more like theropods than pterosaurs.
* Averted with the ''Quetzalcoatlus'' in ''VideoGame/{{Saurian}}'', which is quadrupedal, covered in pycnofibers, and catches prey in its beak instead of its talons.
* ''Videogame/StarControl'' gives us both the Yehat, an alien race whose members look like 3 meters-tall, bumblebee-colored Pteranodons (supplementary material describes them as a mix between an old-Earth pterosaur and a bumblebee and game dialog has them refering themselves as "birds of prey", feathers being also mentioned), with bat-like and three-clawed wings, and forward-looking bright eyes with a small sphere above them, and the Pkunk, an offshot of them seemingly wingless and with a toucan-like beak.
* ''VideoGame/ArkSurvivalEvolved'''s pterosaurs run the gamut:
** The ''Pteranodon'' has teeth, scales, bat-like wings, and the ability to pick up humans ([[RuleOfFun a technique used by riders to harass enemies]]). They're also identical in genders (real females are smaller and don't have crests; then again all the other animals in-game have identical sexes).
** The ''Dimorphodon'' has feathers and KillerRabbit tendencies, but is otherwise not too shabby.
** The ''Quetzalcoatlus'' is pretty accurate, except that it's way bigger than the real thing and strong enough to carry off a mammoth as well as a small building on its back (once again RuleOfFun applies). Ironically, it is portrayed as being constantly airborne like an albatross, despite being one of the most terrestrial of pterosaurs.
** The ''Tapejara'' has the wrong crest (making it look more like ''Tupandactylus'' or ''Tupuxuara'', which were once considered synonymous with ''Tapejara''), is a carnivore (it probably ate fruit in real life), and has the strength to carry three people and pick up another with its claws (need we say RuleOfFun again?). Otherwise, not bad.
* ''VideoGame/{{Rime}}'' features a bird-creature whose wing structure is reminiscent of pterosaurs, namely having a membrane supported by an elongated finger. Somewhat averted in that it's ''not'' a pterosaur.
* ''VideoGame/SlyCooperThievesInTime'' has stereotypical "pterodactyls" living in the [[AnachronismStew Ice Age]].
* The ''VideoGame/ClubPenguin'' Prehistoric Parties feature ''Pteranodon'' as one of the prehistoric animals penguins can transform into, which has both inaccuracies and accuracies. On one hand, it's apparently identified as a dinosaur, it aparently lack pycnofibres (though the artstyle makes it hard to tell), it' s tail is a bit too long (although not as much as that of ''Ramphorynchus''), the wings have pointy tips and they attach to the hips instead of the ankles and it has two wing fingers instead of three, as well as two toes. On the other hand, it's toothless and the wing attaches to a fourth (well, third in this case) finger.
* Ridley, Samus' ArchEnemy from ''VideoGame/{{Metroid}}'', resembles a bizarre, draconic cartoon pterodactyl with humanoid arms as well as wings. All of his inaccuracies are justified by the fact that he's an alien.
* ''PlantsVsZombies2ItsAboutTime'': "Pterodactyls" show up in the Jurassic Marsh levels, resembling cartoony toothy ''Pteranodon'' but [[AnachronismStew coexisting with "Raptors", Stegosaurus, and T. rex]]. They're scaly, bipedal, and can pick up zombies with their feet, [[DungeonBypass dropping them off on the near side of your lawn to attack your plants from behind]]. If [[MookFaceTurn charmed by the Perfume-Shroom]], however, they carry zombies off the lawn for a OneHitKill instead.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* The trial cinematic script based on ''Literature/TheKaturranOdyssey'' has a flock of ''Thalassodromeus'' antagonising the main characters. They're rather accurate, being terrestrial predators like the real animals are thought to be.
* WebOriginal/{{Mortasheen}} gives us the [[http://www.bogleech.com/mortasheen/pteracide.htm Pteracide]], an acid-spraying flyer that's next to naked with a skull that looks ''nothing'' like any real pterosaur, but is quadrupedal and supports each wing with one finger, and much later, the [[http://www.bogleech.com/mortasheen/gunkergeist.htm Gunkergeist]], a [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot flightless ghostly azdharchid]] that [[SuperSpit spits gobs of]] GreyGoo at its prey. Of course, the artist in question normally [[ShownTheirWork does his research]] on the animals his monsters are based on, so it's almost guaranteed that these monsters was intended to be deliberately over-the-top.
** Played slightly straighter, and with even more BodyHorror thrown in for the heck of it, is the [[http://www.bogleech.com/mortasheen/vaporgeist.htm Vaporgeist]], which looks like the Crystal Palace depictions of pterosaurs crossed with a disembodied pair of lungs, bearing a branching tubular snout instead of a beak that can [[BreathWeapon spray clouds of]] [[DeadlyGas poisonous gas]].
* Naturally, Prehistoric TV Reconstruction Kitteh [[http://optimisticpainter.wordpress.com/2011/09/15/kitteh-in-terrordactile/ has some fun with this.]]
* The whole idea of fictional pterosaurs being dragons with the numbers filed off is parodied with relish [[http://www.flickr.com/photos/babbletrish/6188862899/in/photostream/ near the bottom of this comic.]]
* [[Wiki/SCPFoundation SCP]]-[[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-346 346,]] a miniature pterodactyl one of the researchers keeps as a pet (though at the very least it appears to have pycnofibres, and is most likely a previously undiscovered species).
* ''Website/{{Neopets}}'':
** The [[http://www.neopets.com/pteri/ Pteri]]. As its name suggests, [[http://images.neopets.com/pp/pteri.gif its design is very reminiscent of a really small, adorable pterodactyl]] and it is native to [[{{Prehistoria}} Tyrannia,]] but it's commonly referred to as a [[AllFlyersAreBirds bird]]. It's is possible that the Pteri might be based on an ''Archaeopteryx'', given its feathers and long tail.
** [[spoiler:The "Lair of the Beast" (also in Tyrannia) is a standard scary pterodactyl]].
* Subverted in the ''Podcast/WelcomeToNightVale'', where a PTA meeting gets attacked by what TheNarrator pteranodons/flying dinosaurs. Later, however, he issues this correction:
-->''"Secret police are now reporting that the offending beasts were not pteranodons after all, but pterodactyls. Also, pteranodons aren't even dinosaurs, as the station had previously stated— just winged reptiles that lived about 70 million years after pterodactyls."''
** [[DoubleSubversion Subverted again]] in a later episode. Pteranodons aren't dinosaurs; they're arachnids.
* Discussed and defied in [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lo9NpyPVuwI this]] video, part of a series discussing inaccurate dinosaur toys.
* Parodied along with many other paleo-inaccuracies in [[http://tomozaurus.deviantart.com/art/Meet-The-Pseudosaurs-282772529 "Meet the Pseudosaurs."]]
* Frequently averted by {{Creator/Trinzilla}}, whose mascot and signature RunningGag is an accurate depiction of an adult male ''Pteranodon''.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Good luck finding a cartoon whose pterosaurs aren't seventies-style ''Pteranodon''s with long tails. ''WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones'' is the primary example of the typical western pterosaur.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretSaturdays'' averts this with Zon. For one side, she has fur and wings somewhat shaped like a real pterosaur's and she walks on all fours. On the other hand, the wing structure itself is wrong, she is cold-blooded, she has five fingers (including an additional thumb), she can stand on two legs for quite some time and that is how she takes off. It is possible that the anatomical mistakes are just to make her appropriately "cartoony" for the show, as the authors do seem to actually do research.
* Turu the trained (and toothed) ''Pteranodon'' on ''WesternAnimation/JonnyQuest''. (To be fair, the "teeth" are [[http://i139.photobucket.com/albums/q318/Monster_Master316/Jonny%20Quest/Turu.jpg presented as a serrated bill]] -- but that is hardly accurate, either.) Turu is depicted as gigantic, bipedal and scaly, and is shown grabbing Dr. Quest with his feet and carrying him away through the air. He is also unrealistically durable, surviving multiple hits from bazooka rounds (although they eventually send him plummeting to his doom into a tar pit).
** Turu reappears briefly on ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBros'', since it was inspired by and occasionally crosses over with ''Jonny Quest''. In "Venture Libre", Turu is Dr. Venture's first taste of the weirdness going on in the jungle of Puerta Bahia, which his own rogue creation has turned into a refuge for victims of unethical super science. Though still enormous, grasping and damaging a jet the size of a Concorde, this incarnation of Turu has no teeth-like serrations on his bill. The tendency to mix up pterosaur species is lampshaded when one of the refugees demands that Dr. Venture be killed for being a super scientist and for murdering Turu:
-->'''Dr. Venture:''' Is Turu a pterodactyl?\\
'''Carl the Cheetah-Man:''' ''Pteranodon'', you monster!\\
'''Venturestein:''' See, he not even good at science.
* Terrorsaur's alt-mode in ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars'' is a ''Pteranodon'' with a beak full of teeth, and a scaly skin. He moved on the ground by hopping on his tiny back legs. A funny sight, actually.
* Speaking of ''WesternAnimation/{{Transformers}}'', the episode of ''Dinobot Island Part 1'' featured all kinds of Mesozoic reptiles, including a [[http://tfwiki.net/mediawiki/images2/e/ed/Dinobotisland_ham_on_his_eggs.jpg pterosaur]] which decided that one of the TokenHuman characters was a snack.
** Not forgetting about Swoop, the ''Pteranodon'' Dinobot.
* ''WesternAnimation/DinosaurTrain'' has traditional cartoony ''Pteranodon'' as among the main cast, being scaly, cold-blooded, green, bipedal creatures with bat wings. Thankfully, at least the pterosaurs have wings that were supported by one finger, can fly actively and efficiently, and are acknowledged as not being dinosaurs, the ''Pteranodons'' do not have teeth, and several dinosaurs like the ''TyrannosaurusRex'' and the ''Troodon'' are equally more cartoony than realistic.
** The other pterosaurs that show up generally fare somewhat better in the accuracy department than the ''Pteranodon'' family (notably ''Quetzalcoatlus'' [[ShownTheirWork is correctly described as being a terrestrial forager]]), though most are still erroneously bipedal.
** [[http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-2hK_oCmhqUY/Tlv4RMMNH5I/AAAAAAAABXs/ELw_b5dqNso/s1600/dt.png Here's is how Tiny should have looked (alongside accurate images of Buddy and the ''Troodon'' guy).]]
* Terrible Dactyl from ''WesternAnimation/{{Dinosaucers}}'' was said to be a ''Pteranodon'', but his actual design was mostly ''Rhamphorhynchus''.
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/JimmyNeutronBoyGenius'' had a scaly ''Pteranodon'' that was able carry Sheen to its nest using it's feet. At least it didn't have teeth or a long tail...
* ''WesternAnimation/ImADinosaur'' has a feathered ''Sordes'' and a ''Pteranodon'' that lives inland. Both perch in trees, are bipedal & and have three fingers (including the wing finger).
* Bullzeye from ''WesternAnimation/ExtremeDinosaurs'' is a toothed ''Pteranodon'' with bat-wings, and he gains an additional set of arms upon mutation. As a result, he was mistaken for a dragon in one episode.
* [[{{Kaiju}} Dactar]] from the ''WesternAnimation/{{Rugrats}}'' special "Runaway Reptar" is this by virtue of being a Rodan {{Expy}}. Ironically, he looks more like an actual ''Pteranodon'' than Rodan himself did (aside from the teeth and long tail).
* The "pterodactyl" from the ''WesternAnimation/GravityFalls'' episode [[Recap/GravityFallsS1E18TheLandBeforeSwine "The Land Before Swine"]], which looks like an unholy mixture of all stereotypes, down to the scaly skin, being called a "dinosaur", having eagle-like hindlimbs and a bird neck, leathery wings, having a ''Pteranodon'' crest alongside rather mismatched teeth, making chicken-like nests and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking having zero body fat]]. Strangely enough, though, it walks quadrupedally, like a real pterosaur.
** The {{Defictionaliz|ation}}ed Journal 3 subverts this by correctly identifying it as a pterosaur.
* Jet from ''WesternAnimation/KungFuDinoPosse'' has the same problem as Bullzeye: he has bat-wings and an additional set of arms. He also has a long tail, although it at least lacks the diamond-shaped tip.
* The beginning of the ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'' episode "Play Date" had a ''Pteranodon'' that carried Finn and Jake with its small wing fingers. At least it wasn't its feet for once...
* Pretty much any episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddparents'' that involves [[EverythingsBetterWithDinosaurs dinosaurs]] or TimeTravel will have pterosaurs that pretty much fit the entire criterion of inaccuracies listed on this page: bat wings, scaly skin, feet that grab humans from midair, desire to hunt humans for no reason, gigantic, etc.
* In ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans'', a cartoon style "''Pteranodon''" (consistently referred to as a "pterodactyl") is one of Beast Boy's many animal forms.
* One of the strangest examples is present in [[WesterAnimation/LittlestPetShop2012 Littlest Pet Shop's]] "A Day At The Museum", where creatures resembling stereotypical ''Pteranodon'' appear... except that they are clearly ''birds'', with feathery wings, eagle-like talons and overall avian design, resembling eagles except for the head and tail.
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/{{Arthur}}'', Buster states that he's always wanted a pterosaur (referred to as, surprise surprise, a "pterodactyl") as a pet, rationalizing that it would be "like having a parrot that can [[GiantFlyer give him rides to the movies]]". This is accompanied by an ImagineSpot (which pretty much justifies all of its numerous inaccuracies by default) of Buster riding a fairly generic looking pterosaur into the air. In another episode, a much ''less'' accurate one (bipedal, bat-winged, bird footed, scaly, etc.) also appeared in an ImagineSpot.
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', "The Book Job", featured an animatronic ''Pteranodon'' which looks relatively decent in anatomy (wing supported by fourth finger, toothless bill, non-grasping feet, etc.) with the only flaws being too skinny and apparent lack of fur or pteroid bone (although it may be because of the art style). "Days of Future Future" featured a living ''Pteranodon'' identical to the aforementioned animatronic, which grabs a dollar from a woman in the audience [[ShownTheirWork using its beak instead of its feet]].
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' episode "A Clockwork Origin" had a robotic ''Pteranodon'' that carries off Fry to feed him to its young.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeagueAction'' episode "Booster's Gold", ComicBook/GreenArrow is attacked by a prehistoric flying reptile and correctly identifies it as a Pterosaur. Then, less than a minute later, he refers to it as a dinosaur. So close.
* Dinosaur-themed episodes of ''WesternAnimation/DuckTales1987'' features the stereotypical "Pterodactyl" (bat-winged, ''Pteranodon''-like crest alongside teeth and ''Rhamphorhynchus''-like tail, eagle-footed, etc.).
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Visionaries}}'', Cravex's Totem animal is the Phylot, a Prysmosian creature similar to a pterosaur. It is said to be "the only airborne scavenger on Prysmos".
* Interdimensional spy Tomoko (Kimiko's sister) from the ''WesternAnimation/XiaolinChronicles'' episode "Tigress Woo" has a size-shifting pterosaur (its species is not identified, but it has a ''Pteranodon'' or ''Ludodactylus'' crest [[note]]given it has teeth, it's probably the latter. [[/note]]) named Dina which she uses as a mean of transport. As always, it's scaly, bipedal, with bat wings and its name obviously shouts "dinosaur". Justified, for being a magical creature from another dimension.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* [[http://paleoking.blogspot.com/2011/05/strange-journey-of-david-peters.html David Peters,]] an artist, is infamous for having rather...''controversial'' portrayals of pterosaurs that he is absolutely convinced are scientific fact. Among other things, he's convinced that pterosaurs were lizards or related to lizards, that all pterosaurs were bipedal and that the quadrupedal launch was physically impossible (instead, he thinks they launched [[http://pterosaurheresies.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/quetzalcoatlus72running588.gif like this]]), that ''Jeholopterus'' was [[http://www.reptileevolution.com/images/lepidosauromorpha/diadectidae/lepidosauriformes/fenestrasauria/pterosauria/jeholopterus/Jeholopterus588.jpg a vampire bat analogue with many unnecessary appendages on its body]] and [[SmallNameBigEgo that so many well-known scientists are wrong]]. His evidence for pterosaur anatomy as he sees it? Taking extremely poor photographs and putting them through photoshop and coloring every random crack he can find, claiming that that's some sort of feature that those ignorant scientists clearly never caught. Yeah.
** Peters is taken down at the end of [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3_htQ8HJ1cA this video]] by Aron Ra, one that sets out to counter this trope in its entirety.
* ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludodactylus Ludodactylus,]]'' which was one of the first crested ''and'' toothed pterosaurs to be discovered, got its name to reference this trope (its name means "Toy Finger"). The name was basically a RealLife lampshading of the fact that, at the time, such a combination was considered almost paradoxical outside fictionland, but thanks to this discovery, pterosaurs with teeth and crest are now AccidentallyCorrectZoology.
** The related ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caulkicephalus Caulkicephalus]]'' appears to have had a similar teeth-and-crest combo. It also possessed a keeled crest on its snout much like ''Ornithocheirus'', making it resemble an outright MixAndMatchCritter.
* ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harpactognathus Harpactognathus]]'' was probably the only known pterosaur to even remotely resemble one of the ones seen in the cartoons and movies; it was a rhamphorhynchoid pterosaur with sharp teeth, a long tail and a crest and was also a predator, hunting and eating small animals from above. Even then, however, it lacks several other qualities of this trope (for example, it couldn't pick things up with its feet).
* Justified with the ''Pterodactylus'' sculptures at the famous Crystal Palace garden in London; they're scaly and have flexible birdlike necks, [[ScienceMarchesOn but for their time]], they were ''accurate''. Additionally, they're shown as [[ShownTheirWork typically quadrupedal]], with a few of them rearing up and spreading their wings just to look more impressive.
* A full-sized ''Pteranodon'' model hangs in the Milwaukee Airport, just in front of the food court. It's actually very accurate, with one wing-finger, no teeth, ptero-fuzz and even [[ShownTheirWork webbed feet!]]
* The entire trope can be traced to Victorian era science when [[ScienceMarchesOn pterosaurs were just discovered.]] Of course, since scientists had poor understanding of the animals, they portrayed them as the eagle-like monster so commonly shown in fiction. In fact a lot of ArtisticLicensePaleontology related tropes can be traced back to Victorian era science when dinosaurs first captured the public imagination.