~~echochamber:[=okgu2rKwA=]~~

->''"Never let the crazy outweigh the hot."''
--> -- Regarding Mathilda, of ''MadWorld'' and ''AnarchyReigns''

This is someone TheHero used to be with, but broke it off. Said Ex is NotGoodWithRejection.

You can expect the Ex to become a StalkerWithACrush. Many times, the Ex will [[FaceHeelTurn become a villain]] because LoveMakesYouEvil. Despite the obvious gender differentiation in the title, it is not AlwaysFemale.

Oh and [[GodHelpUsAll God help]] anyone our hero dated after this loon. [[SecondLove They]] ''will'' [[ClingyJealousGirl suffer]]. Sometimes the hero [[IfICantHaveYou will be targeted as well]].

There are, at times, sympathetic Psycho Exes. Such as, if the break-up occurred because of the hero being a two-timing jerk at the time.

This is about the person who went nuts '''because of the break up'''. We also have tropes for: someone the hero [[DatingCatwoman knew was evil]] when they started dating, someone who [[BastardBoyfriend turned out]] to be a psycho within the relationship, and someone who was turned into a psycho out of the blue in order to [[DerailingLoveInterests kill off the relationship]].

See also {{Yandere}} and WomanScorned.

----
!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* Subverted in ''Manga/HayateTheCombatButler'', where [[spoiler: Athena]] ''seems'' to be one of these... [[spoiler: It turns out DemonicPossession and being a LonelyRichKid really messes with one's mental stability. She seems to be better now that she's free.]]
* Aizawa from ''LightNovel/{{Sukisho}}''. More to the point, he's a psycho ex-boyfriend.
* Yuri Kim in ''FaeriesLanding'' is just about the personification of this trope, and even physically scarred the hero just to see him squirm.
* Dante of [[Anime/FullmetalAlchemist the 2003 anime version]] of ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' is the sociopathic, mass-murdering ex-lover of Hohenheim.
* [[AlternativeCharacterInterpretation A possible interpretation]] of [[TheDeterminator Kyouko]] from ''Manga/SkipBeat''.
* GhostInTheShellStandAloneComplex has an interesting example where an ex of Pazu[[note]]The same person that said he never sleeps with the same woman twice.[[/note]] dons a perfect prosthetic duplicate body of his and frames him for two murders. It goes further in that she claimed to still love him, but believed that by being inside an exact copy of his body she had his "ghost" inside of her. [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness Then she tries to kill the real Pazu.]] It's not quite made obviously apparent that the real Pazu won the fight.
* While not in total control of her faculties, Queen Mirage of ''Anime/HappinessChargePrettyCure'' is certainly this. [[spoiler:Turns out she was a ShrineMaiden who fell in love with Blue 300 years ago. While he returned the feelings, he felt that, as a God, he shouldn't be attached to any one person and rejected her. She didn't take it too well, especially since it seems that Dark Mirror took control of her because of it.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Ray Palmer and his ex-''wife'', Jean Loring, in ''ComicBook/IdentityCrisis''. She gets committed to Arkham Asylum at the end. (Despite, er, not even living in the same state. Apparently there are no other asylums in the DCU.)
* [[ComicBook/TheFlash Wally West's]] ex-girlfriend Frances Kane, who returns as the psychotic villain Magenta. However, her violent insanity is actually an [[ComesGreatInsanity unfortunate side effect of her powers]].
* Gender-flipped (and foisted on her boyfriend) in Canadian [[{{Animesque}} mangaesque]] series ''ScottPilgrim'', where the main antagonists are [[MilkmanConspiracy the League of Ramona's Evil Ex-Boyfriends]] (oh, and one [[PsychoLesbian Ex-Girlfriend]]), whom Scott must defeat in various bizarre fight scenes in order to continue dating his LoveInterest.
** Played straight with eventual fights involving Scott's ex-girlfriends Envy and [[spoiler:Knives]]. For fairness's sake, apparently, Ramona handles these fights.
* [[IronMan Tony Stark]] broke up with Kathleen Dare because she was being too clingy. So, she shot and crippled him.
** When Tony is later assumed to have died from an illness she [[spoiler: shoots herself so she can join him in the afterlife.]]
* Red She-Hulk [[spoiler:a.k.a. Betty Ross Banner]]. One of Hulk's wives finally doesn't stay dead, and this happens.
* Kimura, ComicBook/{{X-23}}'s AxCrazy former handler, strongly comes across as a crazy stalker ex after Laura escapes her and the Facility. She's obsessed with getting Laura back, making several notable attempts to recapture her. When she finally ''does'' manage to retake her during Laura's stint on X-Force, she's actually ''licking her lips'' as she takes a ''chainsaw'' to Laura's arm for "being a bad girl."
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Fan Works]]
* "[[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/9060802/1/Days-of-Futures-Past-What-Does-That-Mean-It-Kinda-Sounds-Sexy Days of Futures Past What Does That Mean It Kinda Sounds Sexy]]" Naruto mentions to Superboy that his ex girlfriend would threaten to skin the flesh from his bones whenever he forgot to do the dishes
* [[ComicBook/StarFox Fara Phoenix]] of ''VideoGame/StarFox'' fame is prone to becoming this whenever FanFiction has [[ArcWelding merged]] the series' [[VideoGame/StarFox1 two]] [[VideoGame/StarFox64 continuities]], attacking either Fox or Krystal - or both.
* ''Fanfic/ExtendedStay'' gives us Mistress's ex-boyfriend William Queen in Chapter 7. He jumps up on stage during her date with the Warden, loudly accosts her and even threatens her boyfriend ''at knife-point!'' It doesn't really help that he was an inmate at the latter's prison.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* The obvious example must be Glenn Close's character in ''Film/FatalAttraction''. The film that gave the world the term ''bunny-boiler''.
* ''MySuperExGirlfriend'' was made on this trope. It would have done a lot better, if they put some actual effort into the plot.
* Done for humor in ''TheBluesBrothers'' with Jake's ex-girlfriend (Carrie Fisher), whose revenge for being left at the altar involves plenty of StuffBlowingUp and [[{{BFG}} BFGs]].
* [[WaynesWorld Wayne's]] ex-girlfriend Stacy is a psycho hose-beast. Played for laughs, as SlapstickKnowsNoGender.
* ''ScottPilgrimVsTheWorld'' - see Comic Books above.
* Theodora in ''Film/OzTheGreatAndPowerful'', with the help of her sister's deceit.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* [[TheHero Tanis]] and [[TheDragon Kitiara]] have this kind of relationship in {{Dragonlance}}, and feelings definitely linger on both sides (though in Kitiara's case, those feelings aren't much deeper than "lust and amusement"). From a technical stance, Kit's less "psycho" than "amoral and ambitious", but she still fits the trope.
** Given how Kitiara becomes [[GreenEyedMonster insanely jealous]] after hearing that Tanis is traveling with his ex-girlfriend [[RebelliousPrincess Laurana]] (especially after hearing how [[HelloNurse incredibly beautiful]] Laurana is) and how this jealousy causes Kit to become obsessed with Laurana to the point of relentlessly stalking the elfmaid and trying to give her a FateWorseThanDeath, Kitiara definitely fits as a "psycho."
* Lanfear from ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'' series. A somewhat unusual example since TheChosenOne she used to date has been dead for several millenia, so her stalking's a ReincarnationRomance.
* Senna of ''{{Everworld}}'' is a ManipulativeBastard witch who is Christopher's ex-girlfriend, and is David's current girlfriend for most of the series, and his ex-girlfriend at the very end.
** Not really an example: while she ''is'' a [[TheSociopath sociopath]] and also an ex-girlfriend, the only reason she dated either of them was because she's TheVamp and they seemed useful to her plans.
* {{Raffles}} - Jacques Saillard in "An Old Flame".
* Nately's whore in ''Literature/CatchTwentyTwo'' becomes insanely homicidal after [[spoiler:she's told that Nately has been killed]].
* "Hell hath no fury like a WomanScorned" probably explains the trope.
* Used masterfully in DeathOnTheNile, where [[WomanScorned Jacqueline de Bellefort]] chooses a very unusual and effective method of revenge. Invoking this trope, everyone ''expects'' her to act [[LoveMakesYouEvil crazy and homicidal]], which is a major plot point.
* {{Lilith}}
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/TheXFiles'': Fox Mulder had ''two'' of these -- the first one was mostly just annoying and appeared as NewOldFlame to dump him again, but the second one turned out to be working for the GovernmentConspiracy and having ''some'' kind of weirdly ambiguous relationship with the Smoking Man.
* For a few episodes Blair Waldorf on ''GossipGirl'' becomes this to Chuck. Most people thought it was fair enough, since he was giving his new girlfriend incredibly expensive watches, crediting her with making him a better man and treating her like a queen, when he'd [[spoiler: whored Blair out to his uncle and then slept with her greatest enemy.]]
* Another {{Whoniverse}} example: John Hart, Jack's ex-"partner" who shows up in the second season premiere of ''Series/{{Torchwood}}''. He reappears in the finale, holding [[spoiler: Grey, Jack's long-lost brother,]] hostage and tearing [[AliensInCardiff Cardiff]] apart for no apparent reason but to get Jack's attention. [[spoiler: It turns out to be a subversion, as Grey is the one in charge and has a bomb fused to John's wrist, forcing him to obey when he'd rather be anywhere else]].
** Jack's bad luck with men continues in ''Series/TorchwoodMiracleDay'', when his boyfriend Angelo's Catholic {{gayngst}} leads him to do terrible, terrible things.
* ''Series/HowIMetYourMother'' parodies this in "The Platinum Rule": at the end, Barney assumes Wendy the Waitress is this. She is actually taking their break-up really well, but he interprets her total maturity about the matter as a facade hiding a desire to murder him--for at least two years.
** Being as the show focuses heavily on dating, a number of straight examples show up, as do a number of women who never quite become girlfriends.
** A fun variation comes up when Lily starts following the girl Marshall's interested in, making Lily, by all rights, the crazy ex. At the end, Marshall concludes that Lily is one of the craziest people he's known. It's the episode they get back together.
* ''Series/ICarly'': Lewbert's ex-girlfriend Marta Trundel in ''iFind Lewbert's Lost Love''.
* ''{{Oz}}''. Unit Manager Tim [=McManus=] forms a brief liaison with prison guard Claire Howell. When he tries to break off the relationship she assaults him in his office (to the delight of watching inmates), then charges him with sexual harassment when he tries to fire her. Howell's later actions definitely cast her in the role of a villain -- she assaults (and in one case murders) inmates, as well as using them for her own sexual gratification whether they want it or not.
* ''[[Series/TwentyFour 24]]''. Two characters, [[spoiler:Jack and Tony]], dating the same person, [[spoiler:Nina]].
* Davina from MaterialGirlTvSeries [[spoiler: its revealed at the end of the series that most of her attepts to hurt Ali were in fact directed at Marco, Ali just got in the way.]]
* Virginia from SunsetBeach. She even tried to have her ex's current girlfriend impregnated by another guy using a ''turkey-baster''! in a [[CrowningMomentOfFunny memorable scene]].
* Havoc and Sakura in ''Renegade''.
* ''Series/TheVampireDiaries'' has Katherine Pierce, who was a former love interest of both Stefan and Damon Salvatore during their human lives. Katherine enjoys torturing and playing with both Stefan and Damon and has threatened Elena numerous times. Katherine appears to be obsessed with Stefan in particular and seems to be both jealous of Elena and in competition with Elena for Stefan's affections.
* Mandy from ''Series/SecretGirlfriend'', to an extreme degree.
* Rose from ''Series/TwoAndAHalfMen'' both fits and subverts this. Although becoming friends with Charlie, she does manage to drive away his love interests and refuses to give up. Plus, every main character has called her crazy at some point. She's also pretty civil in her stalking, despite it being creepy.
** In the ninth season premiere it's revealed she murdered Charlie for cheating on her.
* After Dexter finally cut it off with Lila in ''Series/{{Dexter}}'', she [[spoiler: nearly killed him and his girlfriend's children]].
* Niles's ex-wife [[TheGhost Maris]] from ''Series/{{Frasier}}'' probably qualifies, although more subtly: when she begs for him to come back to her, and he rejects her on the grounds that she has treated him like dirt all his life, she goes into a TranquilFury and proceeds to utterly screw Niles out of every cent he has with a team of {{Amoral Attorney}}s, just for the sake of revenge (she was filthy rich already).
** Also Niles' ''second'' ex-wife Mel, who after feeling justifiably humiliated when Niles abandoned her to run off with Daphne Moon, exacted her pound of flesh by insisting he go through the motions of marriage with her until such time as ''she'' felt they should seperate and divorce. Well, everyone said she was an expy of Maris...
* In {{Zoey 101}}, we have Chase's short-lived girlfriend, Rebecca. Admittedly, she was psycho while she and Chase were still dating; she demanded Zoey no longer have any contact with Chase, and that Chase stop being friends with Zoey. It was the reason they broke up. Rebecca, of course, took this to mean ''Zoey'' was the reason they broke up, and in a later episode ends up blackmailing her into doing all sorts of embarrassing things.
* In one episode of ''BoyMeetsWorld'', Shawn becomes the target of ''three'' of these who band together to sabotage his latest relationship because they think he is leading her on like he led them on.
* Gabe of ''TheOffice'' is a psycho ex boyfriend. He becomes one after Erin breaks up with him. He follows Andy, (whom Erin really likes) to the men's room and threatens him and follows Erin into the ladies room and pleads for her to take him back.
* Vera Bates of ''DowntonAbbey'' to the extreme. She refuses to let Mr. Bates divorce her, blackmails him for everything he owns and then pulls an ILied and tries to ruin his reputation and those of his girlfriend Anna and the family that employs them anyway, and finally [[spoiler: commits suicide in order to frame him for her murder.]] All this to a man who ''[[TakingTheHeat went to prison in her place]]'' for theft beforehand.
* Kirsty in ''CoronationStreet'', when suffering boyfriend Tyrone leaves her for Fizz.
* On ''MyNameIsEarl'', Earl had a girlfriend of three weeks named Jessie, as of the night he had his AccidentalMarriage to Joy. Jessie worked as a secretary at the bail bondsman's office Earl frequented. When Joy had an arrest warrant for failing to appear in traffic court 6 years later, Jessie puts herself through TrainingFromHell so she can get revenge on Joy for a) stealing Earl from her and b) knocking out her two front teeth. [[spoiler: It doesn't work, and she gets her veneers knocked out too.]]
* Lauren to Mitchell in Series/BeingHuman. [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] since Mitchell turned her into a vampire and then dumped her to deal with her new undead status herself.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* "Crazy Ex-Girlfriend" by MirandaLambert, of course.
* "Before He Cheats" by Carrie Underwood, a song about vandalizing a guy's car because he is "probably" in the process of trying to score with another woman.
* The title character of the Music/DixieChicks' "Goodbye Earl," who puts poor Wanda into intensive care after she gets fed up with his abuse and files for divorce. The girls themselves might also qualify given [[DeathByWomanScorned what they do to him in revenge for this]]. I wouldn't want to be those girls' next boyfriend.
* "Psycho Ex" by [[WallOfVoodoo Andy Prieboy.]]
* Pretty much AvrilLavigne's musical persona.
* Pink's "PleaseDontLeaveMe".
* {{Paramore}}'s "(One Of Those) Crazy Girls".
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theatre]]
* Theatre/{{Medea}} from Greek theatre. Yeah, it's OlderThanFeudalism.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Jolene to Linebeck in ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaPhantomHourglass''.
* Catalina is one of these to Claude, the protagonist of ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIII''.
** And also to [[VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoSanAndreas Carl Johnson]], although he never actually ''wanted'' to be her boyfriend.
* Shel Jelavan is this to Zayne Carrick in ''VideoGame/KnightsOfTheOldRepublic''. However, she's sort of sympathetic, and they do genuinely patch things up once the collossal misunderstanding is resolved.
* Adele from ''VideoGame/ArcRiseFantasia'' has a definite air of this about her. She was only ever a girlfriend in her own mind (and hopes), but evidently that was enough to trigger a violent murderous storm of {{Yandere}}.
* Kiki from ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIV''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Animation]]
* ''WebVideo/SailorMoonAbridged'' makes the villain of TheMovie into a male version of this. [[HoYay Tuxedo Mask's ex boyfriend]] [[CrossesTheLineTwice from when they were ten]], to be precise.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* Possibly ''Webcomic/MegaTokyo'''s Miho, depending on what side of the [[AlternateCharacterInterpretation emotionally crippled goth-girl or undead fiend debate]] you are on.
* Cassiel ([[{{Satan}} Lucifer's]] niece) is Rumisiel's in ''Webcomic/{{Misfile}}'', or at least she would be if she wasn't even more incompetent than [[TerribleTrio Team Rocket]].
--->"Haha! Sub-par snacks! FEEL MY WRATH!"
** Missi is an even milder version for Ash. Missi used to talk about ignoring Ash's wishes about not dating, but has settled into making sure that she's available if Ash's decision changes.
* Gwynn from ''Webcomic/SluggyFreelance'' almost [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt destroyed the world]] trying to get revenge on ex-boyfriend Riff.
** Don't forget Oasis going after any female seen speaking to Torg. [[http://sluggy.com/daily.php?date=000425 Inanimate objects]] are not safe from her wrath if she sees them as rivals for Torg's love, either.
** Monica has gone far beyond Gwynn; refusing to understand that Riff broke up with her and using every MindScrew trick to keep him too intimidated and confused to get away. Subverted in that she has a method to her madness, double-subverted in that her ulterior motive is also crazy.
* Roxanne in ''ComicStrip/{{Candorville}}'' began as a ClingyJealousGirl, and some of the fandom thinks she still is and we're seeing things ThroughTheEyesOfMadness. If not, she's [[spoiler:a [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampire]] prophesied to rule the world]], and the closest thing the strip has to a BigBad.
* In ''Webcomic/JetDream'', Raven Red reacts to the [[GenderBender sex change]] of her DatingCatwoman love interest Jack Thunder... poorly. While the newly-christened Harmony Thunder seems [[LipstickLesbian open to alternative possibilities]], Raven isn't, and takes an IfICantHaveYou position towards Harmony.
* ''Webcomic/TheInexplicableAdventuresOfBob:'' it turns out the reason Jean fell for NiceGuy Bob so quickly is that her previous relationship had been with BastardBoyfriend Slick Simmons, and she viewed Bob as his complete opposite. Slick has since returned as an obsessed, stark raving loon -- which, since he's also a brilliant scientist, is [[MadScientist problematic.]]
* Mona Montrois in ''CestLaVie'', over Louis and Tiffany. Her behaviour towards tiffany gets more and more unhinged until she ends up sectioned in a psychiatric hospital, and is afterwards released to intensive therapy, nearly driving her shrink insane.
* Damara Megido of ''{{Homestuck}}'' is an arguable example; learning that her (then) boyfriend, Rufioh, was secretly dating Horuss on the side drove her past the DespairEventHorizon, and Meenah's needling over the matter made her snap and go completely mad. In addition to killing Meenah and rendering Rufioh quadriplegic, it's heavily implied that she killed Horuss as well. It's implied that she still has lingering feelings for Rufioh, even though [[CaptainObvious he doesn't really want to date her anymore]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* Annabelle Wynters in [[http://underthevangogh.blissful-madness.com Under the Van Gogh]]. And that's putting it nicely.
* Shannon in ''WebVideo/EchoChamber'''s Trope Of The Week series has an entire episode dedicated to her psycho ex nature. She stalks him, threatens other girls he's seen with (Dana in particular), and seems to believe they are still dating. But the kicker? [[spoiler: She forced him to propose to her.]] Oh, and she regularly [[spoiler: cheats on him. Hooray for the DoubleStandard.]]
** One could take the above spoiler as [[spoiler: Tom proposes to her, but then gets cold feet and runs off. He takes Shannon back and now they have sex every so often.]]
* ''TheQuestportChronicles'': The Lord of Angels and Demons is a male example. He erases one woman's memory after she dumps him, and then [[DisproportionateRetribution destroys the only book that tells how to restore her memories]].
* [[http://www.cracked.com/video_18386_if-breakup-ballads-were-more-realistic-and-way-crazier.html This NSFW music video]] about a young woman [[spoiler: who feels compelled to post pictures of her ex's dick on the internet -- and elsewhere]].
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ko_Mao6d1Mg&feature=g-u-u This video]] in a genderflipped example. It gets to the point where he's more or less breaking the laws of physics to get her back... and then he says that HE'S feeling smothered.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Several times for Robert Freeman (Grandad) in ''TheBoondocks'', but thankfully not for repeating characters.
* Terra for Beast Boy in the AnimatedAdaptation of ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans''.
** Hell, Terra ''period.'' She was much worse in [[ComicBook/TeenTitans the comics]]! When she had the Titans (aside from Nightwing) captured, Gar [[IKnowYoureInThereSomewhereFight pleaded with her]], only to have her not only laugh in his face but sneer that kissing him "made her want to puke." Even better is that she was actively boinking Deathstroke (who was actually ''afraid of her''). Poor Gar still can't fully acknowledge she was a traitor all along.
*** Comics Terra doesn't really apply to this trope since she was psycho before Changeling met her and any romance between the two of them was all an act on her part. Animated Terra however fits the trope to a [[IncrediblyLamePun T.]] She was pretty much on the neutral side of things, agreeing to sell the Titans out (well four of the five) as a favor to Slade for helping her control her powers, but not exactly on the evil side until Beast Boy told her she had no friends which turned her over the dark side completely [[spoiler: until her HeelFaceTurn three episodes later.]]
* Goliath and Demona of ''WesternAnimation/{{Gargoyles}}'', with emphasis on the "psycho"
** This is a case where feelings ''do'' still linger on both sides, but both characters recognize that they're now too different to ever be an item again (trying to kill each other almost every time you meet will do that to you). [[MisaimedFandom Doesn't stop the shippers]].
* Prof. Farnsworth and Mom in ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}''.
** Notably, her insanity was there when they were dating. He just had a change of heart and couldn't stay with a megalomaniac.
* Trixie Tang from ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddparents'' briefly became this to Timmy after he wished they were the only two people on earth.
* Blackarachnia from ''TransformersAnimated'' is actually this to Optimus Prime, after [[spoiler: he and [[JerkAss Sentinel]] accidentally leave her behind on a spider-infested planet.]] Sort of, anyway: [[spoiler: she was actually Sentinel's girlfriend, but it's pretty obvious Optimus has a thing for her, which she returns after being mutated; she refuses to trust him, though.]]
* ''{{Sixteen}}'''s Lydia was Jonsey's ex; somehow she became a StalkerWithACrush to Wyatt.
** She thinks they are twin brothers. That should tell you she's a little cracked.
* WesternAnimation/DaveTheBarbarian's Ex, the [[CardCarryingVillain Evil Princess]] Irmoplotz.
--> '''Irmoplotz:''' Dating rule nš 1....NEVER BREAK UP WITH AN EVIL PRINCESS! [[EvilLaugh MHWAHAHAHAHAHAHA!!!]].
* Lola on ''TheLooneyTunesShow''. Bugs meets her on a tennis court and after the first date, decides that she's not right for him afterwards at least partially due to her being a StalkerWithACrush on him, and Lola [[MoodSwinger goes from being distraught about it]] [[StalkerWithACrush to believing that she's still involved with Bugs]] [[AndNowYouMustMarryMe to the point where she has Bugs (unwillingly) at the altar with her.]] Bugs is thankfully saved from the AndNowYouMustMarryMe situation she has put him in by her invocation of SpeakNowOrForeverHoldYourPeace on the grounds that she has decided that she loves Pepe le Pew.
** Then when Lola returned the relationship was SheIsNotMyGirlfriend for a few episodes before Bugs admits she's his girlfriend making Lola a psycho girlfriend.
[[/folder]]
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