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->''"They have an engine called the press whereby the people are deceived."''
-->-- '''The Director''', '''''[[Creator/CSLewis That Hideous Strength]]'''''

The Propaganda Machine a.k.a. [[Literature/NineteenEightyFour The Ministry of Truth]] delivers [[PropagandaPiece The Truth]] from TheGovernment to the people.

At least, that's what they say. In fact, a Propaganda Machine is only employed by TheEmpire and used to [[BrainWashed brainwash]] people into GullibleLemmings who believe that everything is all right when, in fact, it isn't, and that the very people who could help them are their enemies. Vigorously hated by LaResistance because it turns the very people they are trying to do good for against them.

The machine exists to create {{Propaganda Piece}}s and habitually indulges in MaliciousSlander, AstroTurfing, and DivideAndConquer toward its [[TheScapegoat scapegoats]] and enemies. CannedOrdersOverLoudspeaker is a common tool employed by the Propaganda Machine. They are opposed by the VoiceOfTheResistance. The PropagandaHero is their carefully embellished national hero and TokyoRose is their representative to the outside world.

By its widest definition, just about every political entity practices propaganda; namely, making themselves look as good as possible while either downplaying or downright denying any good qualities in their opponents. The negative aspects of this trope come in when this is the only form of news someone has access to. It could be said that that the bad guys engage in "propaganda", while the good guys do "public relations". However, the VoiceOfTheResistance is likely considered propaganda [[YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters by those who don't agree with them]]. How much of the content is truthful and how much isn't, as always, depends on who is producing it. Examples of this trope tend to be extreme cases where the preacher is using a combination of extreme censorship and/or outright lies to hammer their point across, so take note of the RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement.

When instead of propaganda, the government provides mindless entertainment for the people to lull them into contented apathy, it's BreadAndCircuses.

Compare with RecruitersAlwaysLie. Compare and contrast with the CensorshipBureau.



[[folder:Comic Books]]
* The Voice of Fate from ''ComicBook/VForVendetta''. In TheMovie this was changed to "The Voice of London", an obnoxious pundit more than a little reminiscent of Creator/BillOReilly.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* [[WesternAnimation/TheLEGOMovie Emmet]] becomes part of one in ''Fanfic/APieceOfRebellion''. President Business convinces him that the Master Builders are actually {{Smug Super}}s, and takes advantage of how [[RidiculouslyAverageGuy ordinary and relatable]] Emmet is by broadcasting his warnings to all the realms.

* ''Film/AirplaneIITheSequel'': Parodied during the news reports segment on the malfunctioning spaceship. The Soviet newsreader 'happily' announces that several hundred American capitalists are expected to die... as an offscreen guard presses a gun against his head.
* The Father's public adresses in ''Film/{{Equilibrium}}'', although they also use Prozium to enforce obedience.
* In ''Film/TheHungerGamesMockingjayPart1'', Caesar Flickerman's airtime has fully devolved into this, given his "interviews" with Peeta in which the latter denounces violence and urges the districts to lay down their weapons. Though it's pretty clear that even he looks uncomfortable about it all.
* Referred to as such in ''Film/MrSmithGoesToWashington''.
* ''Film/ASpecialDay'': Set in UsefulNotes/FascistItaly on the day of Hitler's 1938 state visit to Rome. The film opens with a six-minute vintage 1938 newsreel covering the trip. Throughout the rest of the movie, Fascist radio blares over loudspeakers outside the apartment complex, waxing rhapsodic about the visit of the Fuhrer to Italy, while Gabriele and Antoinietta go through their drama indoors.
* ''Film/VForVendetta'': Lewis Prothero, or the "Voice of London", acts as the charismatic, all-British face of the Norsefire regime. Due to his previous, somewhat dubious military career, he gets [[spoiler:put the fuck down by V early on the film. The lack of him was probably a deciding factor in the people siding with V at the end.]]

* ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'': The Ministry of Truth. They edit all information -- every song, story, news report, even ''porn'' so that it completely fits the Party's definition of truth; and [[IRejectYourReality they don't care]] if [[OrwellianEditor reality says otherwise.]]
** On non-fiction front, George Orwell's essay "The Frontiers of Art and Propaganda" makes the point that [[AllIssuesArePoliticalIssues art in all forms is, indeed, propaganda]], that "propaganda in some form or other lurks in every book, that every work of art has a meaning and a purpose -- a political, social, and religious purpose -- that our aesthetic judgments are always coloured by our prejudices and beliefs."
* Squealer of ''Literature/AnimalFarm'' is a pig version of this.
* ''Literature/AtlasShrugged'': Apparently, the government has enough control over the newspapers that many significant stories can only be reported as {{Suspiciously Specific Denial}}s. All radio stations are made to run frequent official broadcasts, but the much-promoted November 22 "report on the world crisis" is [[DoNotAdjustYourSet pre-empted]] by [[AuthorFilibuster John Galt's speech]].
* In ''Literature/ChristianNation'', Creator/FoxNewsChannel, which becomes Fox Faith & Freedom News, or F3, is this in an AlternateHistory where UsefulNotes/SarahPalin instead of UsefulNotes/BarackObama becomes President.
* ''Discworld/MonstrousRegiment'': This ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' novel is set in the small and incredibly confrontational nation of Borogravia. Throughout the book, ranking officers decry any doubts, negative thoughts, or unpleasant facts as Spreading Alarm And Despondency, a crime nearly on the level of treason, and families at home are routinely sent pamphlets and updates telling them how splendidly the war's going. Of course, Borogravia has been at war for so long, with so many different countries, that the only people who actually believe the propaganda are the people putting it out; everyone else has done the math, and noticed that they're running out of sons to send to the front lines (as the climax approaches, the characters are told that Borogravia is so badly outclassed that her opponents have actually managed to get ''bored'' of slaughtering them).
* ''[[http://clarkesworldmagazine.com/valente_08_12/ Fade to White]]'', an AlternateHistory short story by Creator/CatherynneMValente, is set in a post-WorldWarThree United States. The Department of Advertising and Information is the largest employer outside the military, maintaining the facade of TheFabulousFifties so [[CrapsaccharineWorld everyone doesn't have to think about]] how most of the population is infertile and large parts of the world are a radiation-blasted wasteland where soldiers fight a meaningless undeclared war against the DirtyCommunists.
* In the later ''Literature/HarryPotter'' books, ''The Daily Prophet'' effectively exists to maintain the Ministry line and discredit anyone who disagrees with it. The Ministry line varies ''wildly'' between the three books in question, but it's always at least somewhat misguided.
* In ''Literature/ItCantHappenHere'', the fascist regime exerts rigid control over all media, reporting rose-colored news to the masses. The media leaves out inconvenient stories such as revolts against M.M.s, refugees fleeing to Canada, and global events. One of the tasks of the resistance is importing factual news from Canada and secretly disseminating it to citizens.
* The Global Community-controlled media and press becomes this in the ''Literature/LeftBehind'' series during the Tribulation, which causes Buck Williams to develop his VoiceOfTheResistance publication called ''The Truth'' to counter their news report spins with actual facts.
** Averted in the Millennial Kingdom, as God allows the LaResistance group The Other Light to have their say, despite how wrong they are in contesting God's Word.
* ''Literature/TheMachineriesOfEmpire'': The Vidona faction are responsible for propagating the Hexarchate High Calendar and its doctrine. They also torture and reform heretics, and oversee every citizen's compulsory education, giving them ample opportunities to indoctrinate people.
* In Creator/SeananMcGuire's ''Literature/VelveteenVs'', the pith and essence of Marketing. It sells the public the superheroes, their carefully managed lives, the absolute necessity of their company, and the evil of any superpowered person who tries to escape.
* ''Literature/{{Wasp}}'': The Sirian empire covers up their military failures and regularly claims spectacular victories over the [[PlanetTerra Terran]] fleet. Hilariously, this includes things like showing old photos of Mongolian bandits and claiming them to be captured Terran marines. The Sirian citizens find the propaganda rather hard to believe, though, especially thanks to the Terran agents undermining their morale.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* The Public Control Department in Wilfred Greatorex's ''1990''.
* ''Series/BabylonFive'': ISN, co-opted by government puppets, is used to denigrate Sheridan and his alien allies during the dictatorship of President Clark, so Susan Ivanova becomes the VoiceOfTheResistance to counter it.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** [[Recap/DoctorWhoS18E3FullCircle "Full Circle"]]: A handful of youngsters live in the wilderness, convinced that Mistfall is a myth put out by the Deciders to control them. Then Mistfall comes. [[spoiler:When they manage, through various ways, to get to safety, the Deciders solemnly consider their youth and their new knowledge and only put them to work.]]
** In [[Recap/DoctorWhoS14E3TheDeadlyAssassin "The Deadly Assassin"]], we hear the plans -- twice -- for covering up what happened.
** [[Recap/DoctorWhoS36E8TheLieOfTheLand "The Lie of the Land"]]: The Monks have conquered Earth, and the propaganda is provided by the BrainwashedAndCrazy [[spoiler:Doctor]].
* ''Franchise/StarTrek'': The [[TheEmpire Romulans]] and ''especially'' [[PoliceState Cardassians]].

* ''Machinima/RedVsBlue''. Apparently Command convinces the Reds to fight the Blue based on the information that "the Blues suck."

[[folder:Other Sites]]
* ''Wiki/SCPFoundation'', [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-1835 SCP-1835 ("Rupertian Zeppelins")]]. The Federated Empire of Rupertia uses the Zeppelins to drop propaganda leaflets on its ''own territory''.

* ''Roleplay/DestroyTheGodmodder'': The propaganda tower made by cathari in the TV Tropes session was this to a ridiculous extent.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* In ''TabletopGame/MutantChronicles'', Bauhaus has its own department called the Ministry Of Truth which tells people what they want them to hear, mostly good things about their corporation, and bad news from the other mega corporation.
* In the RPG ''TabletopGame/{{Paranoia}}'', Friend Computer constantly reminds every inhabitant of Alpha Complex that propaganda is unnecessary, because everything is ''perfect''.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''7.62 High Calibre'': You can listen to two radio stations: the official military government news, and the pirate guerilla resistance news. Both will report on events that you are not directly involved in exactly the same (such as a noted celebrity visiting), but any events that further the plot are ''wildly'' misrepresented by both sides. If, for example, while working for the rebels, you happen to ambush a military convoy, killing all the soldiers and taking their weapons, the resistance will report that rebel fighters successfully took the convoy, killing many (which is truth but for the fact that you did most, if not all the work). The government, on the other hand, will report that the soldiers managed to drive off the attackers, successfully defending the convoy while crushing the rebel force.
* ''VideoGame/BeyondGoodAndEvil'': This game is all about fighting a government propaganda machine.
* ''Videogame/BioshockInfinite'': The "Word Of The Prophet" kinetoscopes serve as this for Zachary Comstock's regime in the floating city of Columbia. Other examples include the "[[RightWayWrongWayPair Duke Or Dimwitt?]]" puppets, and the huge amusement park "Soldier's Field" which subtly encourages children to enlist in the city's military regime.
* ''VideoGame/{{Borderlands 2}}'': Has the Hyperion Truth Network run by Hunter Hellquist, who runs a radio show that constantly slanders the Crimson Raiders while glorifying Handsome Jack. A late-game sidequest had Mordecai sending you after Hellquist to shut him up for good.
* ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquer'':
** In ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerTiberianDawn'', NOD has a determined go at collapsing GDI support via falsified news reports. Whilst not precisely falling under this trope in most of the 'Western world', it is noted in the background that NOD effectively controls at least 2/3rds of the 3rd world nations of today.
** The Chinese in ''''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerGenerals'' can build Propaganda Centers and Speaker Towers to improve their troops' performance.
*** You can also build Propaganda Towers which heal soldiers. Somehow.
* ''Franchise/DragonAge'': [[TheChurch The Chantry]] does everything in its power to present [[EnslavedElves elves]] and [[PersonOfMassDestruction mages]] in the worst light possible, often embellishing historical conflicts between Andrastian human muggles and mages/elves to make the latter look worse, and downplay, [[UnPerson erase]], or {{race lift}} historical mage/elven heroes [[spoiler:Shartan, Ameridan, and others]] to keep the population believing that only Andrastian human muggles can be morally righteous heroes, as well as to justify excluding mages and non-humans from joining the Chantry priesthood.
* In ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIIIMorrowind'', The Ministry of Truth, as its Orwellian name suggests, is this for the [[CorruptChurch Tribunal Temple]]. They are tasked with suppressing dissent and stamping out heresy. For added kicks, they're headquartered in a [[FloatingContinent moon floating above]] their holiest temple, which was left over from a failed ColonyDrop by MadGod Sheogorath and later hollowed out for them to use. The nickname of their headquarters? [[BlatantLies Lie Rock]].
* ''{{VideoGame/Freelancer}}'': After Rhineland falls under control of the [[spoiler:Nomads]] and prepares for war with the other nations, their government gains a Ministry of Information. All the news items available in Rhineland during your brief visit there are so blatantly propaganda that it stretches SuspensionOfDisbelief as to how the people are going along with this -- after all, the pre-war Rhineland government was supposed to be democratic.
* ''VideoGame/GuildWars'': The city of Ascalon was a real propaganda machine, trying to paint their foes (who were [[ForcedIntoEvil villians only by necessity]]) as mindless savages -- hiding the AwfulTruth that really their foes [[NotEvilJustMisunderstood aren't evil but rather misunderstood]], as they're a bit ticked off about having their homeland stolen.
* ''WesternAnimation/HeavyMetal F.A.K.K.2'': The "Praise Gith!" Television Robots are a very literal example of this...
* ''VideoGame/JustCause2'': There's LITERAL Propaganda Machines (trailers, actually) all over the place, which you have to destroy; you can hear when one is nearby by the distinctive anthem they play, followed by [[BigBad Baby Panay's]] talking. Although his "Propaganda" doesn't seem so much "lying to the people that everything is fine", and more of apparently stroking his own ego:
--> '''Panay:''' Listen most carefully, people of Panau. President Panay, your glorious and humble leader, must speak. Free photographs of the president and his staff are now available in all government buildings. REJOICE.
** There is also a more traditional propaganda mouthpiece in the form of "Radio Panau: [[BlatantLies The Voice of Truth]]", which chimes in after every major mission to remind the public that "Everything is fine. President Panay and the military have everything under control. [[SuspiciouslySpecificDenial Communists and gangsters aren't taking over the island.]] Go back inside."
* ''VideoGame/MetalWolfChaos'': The Government Policy Promotion Department, where the password is "[[BlatantLies Overflowing love, and daily benevolence.]]"
* ''VideoGame/RedFaction Guerilla'':
** Has the Voice of Mars Broadcasting System [[CatchPhrase brought to you by the EDF]]. You kill a ton of EDF troops assaulting civilians: "Today EDF forces found a group of insurgents near a civilian housing complex, three EDF troops and five insurgents were killed in the crossfire".
** After taking out those EDF snipers? [[BlatantLies Oh, those were actually Red Faction snipers wearing EDF uniforms]] "stolen from the artillery base in the Free Fire Zone". Yep.
* ''VideoGame/ReVOLUTION'': The Corporation makes use of this. You'll see more than one poster saying "Power And Control," as well as "The Corporation Is The Sun Of Your New Life!"
* ''VideoGame/{{StarCraft II}}'': Mengsk's Dominion has one of these up and running, making [[TheHero Raynor]] and his buddies out to be terrorists. [[spoiler:When Raynor & co. find damning evidence that confirms that Mengsk threw Tarsonis' population to the [[HordeOfAlienLocusts Zerg]], they hack in and broadcast it sector-wide. The media quickly turns against Mengsk.]]
* ''Tropico'': This RealTimeStrategy game has this trope ''implied'', especially in the third installment, as there are many news reels during gameplay, where the anchorman, ''Juanito'', actually tells the people (and of course the player) how the political stability, the finances, citizen life quality, and other important aspects of the game currently are. Although he sometimes deliberately twists facts, he can be quite openly skeptic at times. El Presidente CAN have Juanito executed in the expansion; however, he is then replaced by a snarky anti-governmental anchorwoman, who unfortunately can not be gotten rid of.
* ''VideoGame/{{Vietcong}} 2'' has a VC propagandist who tries to convince the civilians in Hue to rise up against the Americans using the town hall's radio. His voice can be heard in the fifth US level, and you can even sneak up on him and kill him two levels later.
* ''VideoGame/{{VVVVVV}}'': Worth mentioning is a hazard in this game which is a machine that is shooting the word "LIES" at a television multiple screens to the right. [[EverythingTryingToKillYou The machine, television, and LIES can all kill you.]]
* {{Implied}} use of one in ''VideoGame/StarTrekOnline'''s backstory. After overthrowing Taris as Praetor of the Romulan Star Empire in a MilitaryCoup, Sela broached the subject of a renewed Romulan monarchy to unify the people. Observers wryly noted that people suddenly started comparing Sela to favorably viewed single rulers in Romulus' past such as [[Literature/{{Rihannsu}} Ael t'Rllaillieu]] (despite the fact that Sela and Ael are approximately ''nothing'' alike). Sela eventually did proclaim herself empress.
* The ''Xtended'' mod for ''[[Videogame/{{X}} X3: Terran Conflict]]'' introduces a BBS system for news stories and important messages. Each major faction -- including the SpacePirates -- have their own news network with [[StrawmanNewsMedia varying degrees of reliability]]. Split Family News is owned by the ruling Family Rhonkar and mostly dedicates itself to accusing the largely pacifistic Boron Kingdom of trying to destroy the Split Dynasty. The ConspiracyTheorist Solara News Network is accused of being a propaganda machine by the equally conspiracy-prone Terran Morning News, and both of the news networks often end up sabotaging their own empire's efforts in trade agreements and public outreach.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/TheRedStar'', [[http://www.beyondrealitymedia.com/the-red-star/issue-2/page-24/ Maya reflects on how their propaganda had deceived them into thinking they were protecting, not occupying, a country.]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Music/DoctorSteel'': Doctor Steel is a master of using propaganda and propagandic art to spread his Utopian Playland message, which his fans/followers (known as Toy Soldiers) happily disseminate. Doctor Steel is, in fact, the only mad dictator in the history of existence who can actually label his propaganda as "propaganda" and no one will care. Except perhaps [[WebVideo/TheSpoonyExperiment Dr. Insano]].
* ''WebAnimation/HomestarRunner''
** First we have Marzipan's kindergarten, named L.ifeblossoms U.ndergoing R.e-education N.aturally. Her children (i.e. grown men Homsar, Homestar, and Strong Mad) are referred to as "lifeblossoms", and the point of the lessons is parodically hyper-vegan (one of her blackboards reads "soy is also murder," as she says, [[OrphanedPunchline "and that way you always feel guilty"]]).
** In the short "Career Day" it's revealed Strong Bad treats his space program's promotional films as such - the vanity plate reads "SBASAF [[strike: propaganda indoctrination mind control]] edumacational films presents".
* ''WebAnimation/LuckyDayForever'' has the Whites pulling the wool over the eyes of the Proles via artificial culture aimed at them.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'': The Fire Nation. Their schools warp history and facts to promote the Fire Lord's agenda, like any good Evil Empire would. Subverted in the first season, though. Two Fire Nation guards are reading about how the Avatar can supposedly "run faster than the wind" and one of them scoffs that it's just Fire Nation propaganda. Guess who zooms past right at that moment?
** The Fire Nation has nothing on the Earth Kingdom capital of Ba Sing Se, whose propaganda is so thorough that they've managed to convince a significant chunk of the population (including their own king) that there is no war.
*** Oh, they know there's a war. They just ''also'' know [[SecretPolice what happens if you talk about it]].

[[folder:Real Life]]
%% The jury is still out on what to categorize as "propaganda" in RealLife. So let's apply the RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment and concentrate on ''historical'' examples (AcceptableTargets) of propaganda creators. Part of the problem is underground news sources (VoiceOfTheResistance) and UsefulNotes/MainstreamMedia dressing up as one another for credibility, publicity, or lulz (see AstroTurf). There's a reason PropagandaPiece is a YMMV trope.
* If you believe Noam Chomsky, then all media is part of a propaganda machine. The argument goes that all media is profit-motivated, and as such, they are not particularly interested in defending freedom; they are interested in protecting their profit. The only reliable source of stories about governments comes from the governments themselves, and the little access they do get is revocable if they do bad things. Also, the owners of almost all media groups are rich, white men who have a a certain social agenda, and a personal relationship with the government, and they can dictate who gets employed and what they write (or at least fire them if they do it the wrong way). So yeah. Add all of that up and it means that we only hear about what our various governments want us to hear about. Sure, people complain about those stories, but that just helps to create the illusion. The idea is that in the end, you can't even imagine that other bad things could be happening. Well, that's the theory, anyways. Decide for yourself if it's true or not.
** Going back even earlier, yellow journalism has been prone to this. In particular, William Randolph Hearst exploited hot-button issues to sell more newspapers, such as the Spanish-American War and cannabis.
* UsefulNotes/NaziGermany and Joseph Goebbels in particular. Goebbels has become so synonymous with propaganda that [[GodwinsLaw he's the go-to name]] when casting aspersions on someone for perceived propaganda tactics.
* American post-war propaganda and "mental hygiene films" were directly inspired by the Nazi use of cinema, a great volume of which was produced by the military. They reasoned that it could, and should, be used for indoctrination of pro-American values of the time. Of course, this was when film was still going through its NewMediaAreEvil phase, and there was much more belief in cinema's power over people's minds. {{P|ublicServiceAnnouncement}}SAs are descended from the early American Propaganda Machine.
* Stalin had Trotsky, Yezhov, and many, many others [[{{Unperson}} edited out]] of pictures, for starters; later Soviet premiers shied away from being ''quite'' as blatant, though the propaganda machine remained in place. The untrustworthy nature of the news sources at the time sparked a joke in the USSR spoken amongst those not prone to reporting people to the Central Committee: There is no Pravda ("truth") in ''Izvestia'', and there is no Izvestia ("news") in ''Pravda'' (or some variation thereof; both papers are still around, by the way, although they have become two remarkable cases of InNameOnly). Since people had to read between the lines to determine what actually happened (there being few to no real news alternatives depending on the circumstances, and open discussion being obviously dangerous), some Russians believed that America ''won'' [[UsefulNotes/TheVietnamWar in Vietnam]]. Too much propaganda in Russia (and presumably elsewhere) wound up creating a huge backlash. As noted above, some people wound up believing the exact opposite of the official story. In cases where bad news did appear in the official media, many people believed far worse things have taken place -- e.g. UsefulNotes/{{Chernobyl}} -- and what little trust they had in the competence of the government collapsed.
* In UsefulNotes/EastGermany under the socialist dictatorship, the government's control over the media was so absolute and the media therefore so mistrusted by the people, that the area in Saxony that couldn't receive West German radio and television (boosting those signals was what West Berlin was kept for, despite all the expense of supporting an island in enemy territory) and where it took a while for the smuggled West German newspapers to make their way to, was referred to as "the valley of the clueless". Of course, a lot of the West German media turned out to be propaganda, too -- compare the Russian joke below.
* There is a [[RussianHumour Russian joke]] made after [[WhyWeAreBummedCommunismFell the disappointment of the 90s in Russia]]:
--> Everything we've been told about communism, turned out to be a lie.
--> [[ThereAreNoGoodExecutives Everything we've been told about capitalism]], [[CrapsackWorld turned out to be the truth]].
* For a humorous version, Muhammad Saeed al-Sahhaf (Baghdad Bob/Comical Ali), the Information Minister under Saddam Hussein, who famously denied that American forces had reached Baghdad while two American tanks were visible maneuvering behind him.
* One of the rare examples of this Trope being used for good was the Abolitionist movement in 19th-century America. They mobilized a truly massive Propaganda Machine made up of everything from newspapers to novels (''Literature/UncleTomsCabin'') to public speaking in order to wake white America up to the horrors of slavery.
* Almost any state media news organization in a dictatorship will get used in this way. ''Creator/RussiaToday'' News would count, as does ''Creator/PressTV'', which is the same but for Iran. This is one reason why one should always cross-check sources and examine who you are quoting in support of your position, lest you be [[MistakenForRacist mistaken for a shill for dictatorship.]]
* Imperial Japan during World War II proved to be astoundingly bad at this.
** The xenophobic militarists who controlled the country viewed intellectualism as suspect and cosmopolitanism as treason, and anyone who demonstrated a sophisticated understanding of a foreign culture was suspected of being an enemy sympathizer, which meant the nation was denied their services crafting or interpreting foreign communications.
** The famous TokyoRose broadcasts were written by Allied prisoners who turned the broadcasts into parodies, since any Japanese with a sufficient fluency in the English language to detect the subtleties was considered too politically unreliable for government employment (and probably was).
** Their painfully earnest attempts to win hearts and minds within the "Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere" were constantly undermined by the brutality of their troops.
** Their other attempts were equally, almost childishly, unsophisticated, as in "every battle is a great victory and if we lost one ship then the enemy must have lost ten", made worse by their tendency to accept the wildly exaggerated claims of their sailors and pilots at face value because to do otherwise would question their sincerity. Eventually, their ever-wilder claims started working against them, as they implied that the enemy had unlimited resources and anyone with a map could see that each "great victory" was closer to Japan than the last.[[note]]For example, after the the Air Battle off Formosa -- which is effectively behind Japan in relation to the United States -- Imperial Headquarters claimed to have sunk 45 ships, including 11 carriers and 4 battleships, when they only damaged seven.[[/note]] By the time US firebombing destroyed 60% of their urban areas, they'd switched to whipping up hysteria for a suicidal national LastStand. It is a testament not to their skill but to how insular and isolated Japan was that the surrender actually came as a colossal ''shock'' to some people in rural areas of the home islands, because they'd been led to believe they were still winning the war. People who lived in areas devastated by the firebombing were under no such illusions.
** This is not dissimilar to what happened to the Germans after World War I, which in part set the stage for World War 2. All the good news from the front lines had been let through by the censors, but the tales of defeat were not. Since the German leaders surrendered before the Allies actually invaded Germany itself, some people thought they'd been betrayed by their leaders while they were winning the war.
** Something similar to this has taken place in United States a few times. Many people with expertise in China and Southeast Asia were drummed out of the State Department, the Pentagon, and other government agencies in 1950s because they were suspected of too much sympathy with the locals, who were increasingly supporting communists, and the US was dangerously underinformed about goings on in East Asia until the 1970s at least. Even now, the US government is dangerously bereft of expertise in the Middle East since those with expertise in the region have trouble gaining positions of responsibility. The consequence of these is that some US propaganda, eh, public diplomacy, targeted at these regions (and presumably elsewhere) have been singularly misinformed and misguided, reflecting American prejudices that were occasionally even offensive to the targeted audiences more than the realities on the ground.
* And in the People's Republic of China, we have a group literally called the Central Propaganda Department. Yes, the group meant to lie to people named itself with a truth, and [[WhatAnIdiot didn't think that through]]. It's important to note that in Mandarin, "propaganda" is a neutral term; nevertheless, to outsiders and Chinese who know about the connotations of the term to non-Chinese audiences (an increasing number these days), the significance is not lost.
* Basically ALL North Korean media is propaganda, be it the praising of the "Grand Leader", demonizing the enemies of the state, or both ([[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HGXUsWP6A00 often]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ujtp-70zQME being]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uj66IqtDcWY unintentionally]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PH3Kw2QtxrQ hilarious]]). Some of the items listed on their website is listed as "Propaganda", while also maintaining a radio station they say is broadcast by the Southern traitors ([[CaptainObvious it isn't]]) to corrupt the true Korean people to evil capitalist ways.