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[[quoteright:350:[[Film/SilentMovie http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/predatory_business1.jpg]]]]

An evil large corporate retailer moves into a previously "unspoiled" area, and proceeds to try to drive all the pre-existing local "Mom & Pop" competition out of business, usually through a combination of price undercutting, bribery, and other shady business practices. Our heroes must now band together in an effort to save their beloved coffee shop/video store/bookstore from certain extinction.

Frequently depicted as offering inferior products, but at much lower prices. Very frequently involves a CorruptCorporateExecutive. Sometimes even has some ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney to avoid being punished, or to survive losing customers. If the company decides to buy up the local businesses once they fail, they may invoke MajorityShareDictator.

Often employed as a StrawmanPolitical to reprimand corporate businesses, but may sometimes be an accurate depiction of the dirty tricks that certain big companies use.

When considering whether an example would fit this trope or not, please keep in mind that simply having a large corporate entity in the story may not qualify it as a Predatory Business. The intention of this trope is that the large corporation's aggressive business tactics and the opposition to the corporation should figure in a plot or subplot. For situations where the corporate entity is more of a environmental detail or a mood-setting device, MegaCorp or BlandNameProduct may be more appropriate.

Here's an example to use for comparison. Fox Books from ''Film/YouveGotMail'' does '''''not''''' fit this trope. Yes, his company drove The Shop Around the Corner out of business, but they did it by simply selling their product in a competitive market, they did not engage in misconduct.

Not to be confused with WelcomeToEvilMart which is about companies and corporations that specifically cater to villains. Compare CommunityThreateningConstruction.


[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In ''Manga/IkokuMeiroNoCroisee'', the Galerie du Roy is threatened by the opening of a "Grande Magazine", or as it would be known now, a Department Store.
* One episode of ''Anime/NerimaDaikonBrothers'' features a big new store that sells everything at ludicrously cheap prices, driving local stores out of business, and [[spoiler: it turns out they're abducting hosts and selling them to a UFO.]]

[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* Buy N Large from ''WesternAnimation/WallE'' is pretty much the end effect of this, ruling all of mankind in a corporate spaceship and leaving Earth behind as a wasteland. Played with in that such businesses are generally criticized for selling cheap, crappy merchandise, but the Axiom and nearly everything on it are incredibly well-built, given that all its systems are working with apparently no problems centuries after the ship was supposed to return to Earth. According to WordOfGod, the Wall-E units suffered some sort of massive production failure, leaving only one active, which is why Buy N Large decided to give up on cleaning up the Earth.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/BatteriesNotIncluded'' had a variation where a corp was trying to buy out the inhabitants of some tenement blocks so they could build a skyscraper in their place. The residents of one block resisted, and the corp started using dirtier and dirtier tactics to get rid of them.
* Similarly, ''Film/YouDontMessWithTheZohan'' partly revolves around a developer trying to tear down a neighborhood and build a shopping mall in its place. He raises the rent to ridiculous extremes and even recruits some domestic terrorists to try to inflame tensions between the resident Jews and Palestinians. Thanks to Zohan's many talents, the local hair salon is able to fight back.
* Mondo Burger from the old Nicktoons movie ''Film/GoodBurger''.
* ''Walmart: The High Cost of Low Prices'', a {{documentary}} [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin that]] attempts to prove that UsefulNotes/{{Walmart}} is this trope.
* In Creator/MelBrooks' ''Film/SilentMovie'', the evil mega-studio "Engulf & Devour" (a play on Gulf+Western, who had recently bought Creator/{{Paramount}}) was determined to shut Mel Funn's tiny studio down, much like a melodrama villain trying to shut down an orphanage. The tagline at the end of the movie read "This is a true story."

* Early example: Ring's Come-one Come-all Up-to-date Stores from ''An International Affair'' by Creator/PGWodehouse. Local, cosy "Ma and Pa" tea-shop depends on students of local boarding school. Along comes Evil Franchised Store, undercutting them something awful and fully intending to take advantage of the local yokels. Then some plucky students band together, have tea at the New Place, and secretly take something that makes them really sick, thus giving the New Place a reputation for food poisoning.
* Subverted in Emile Zola's ''Au Bonheur des Dames'', where the owner of the aggressively expanding corporation is the protagonist. It doesn't prevent Zola from pointing out (with impressive foresight) how such stores tend to drive their less competitive neighbours out of business.
** And the owner is a manipulative bastard who plays on humans baser instincts.
* ''Literature/TheStore'', a horror novel by Creator/BentleyLittle. A large corporation places "The Store" in the protagonist's home town and things go downhill from there.
* Speedy Mart, from the ''Literature/KittyNorville'' series by Carrie Vaughn. The owner of the chain creates natural disasters with magic. Kitty's bounty hunter friend that tried to kill her once saves the day, with help from a century old ghost. It makes sense in context.
** The stores themselves appear to be clean if a draw for paranormal activity. It's just that the chain exists not to do business but to cover the movements of and provide (what are effectively) "arms caches" to a very high priced contract killer. It's left unspecified whether the chain is subsidized by the proceeds of criminal activity (which would indeed let it unfairly compete).
* In the ''Literature/BarryTrotter'' parody series, the Voldemort stand-in Lord Valumart fits this trope by selling magical goods to the Muddle world.
* In ''Discworld/ReaperMan'', [[DeathTakesAHoliday Death is fired]] and one consequence of there being too much life force in the world as a result is that it starts making metaphors literal. One such metaphor is the idea that big corporate shopping malls are parasitic predators that suck the life out of inner city shops, with a living mall coming into existence as a result.
* Creator/OrsonScottCard's prequel novel ''Literature/EarthUnaware'' portrays Juke Limited in this manner. A big [[AsteroidMiners asteroid mining]] conglomerate that routinely puts down its competitors and free mining families. Lem Jukes, the son of the company's CEO, is tasked with testing the company's latest invention -- a gravity laser designed to break down asteroids into component parts for easy mining. He needs a large asteroid to test it on but doesn't want to spend four months traveling to a free one (and then four months back), so instead chooses to "bump" a free miner ship from a nearby asteroid. When a crewmember raises concerns over the ethical side of things, he does his best to point out how they're not actually doing anything ''bad''. The free miners don't legally own the asteroid. Unfortunately, the "bump" results in [[spoiler:the death of one of the free miners]].
* ''Literature/JourneyToChaos'': Once Gunrai Enterprises enters a market, it will drive everyone else out of that market. This is because the head of the company, Kaiba Gunrai, is an elf whose eternal hobby is basically "winning in the economic sector". He says that it's because he has better products, better service, etc. but it's apparently common knowledge that he does terrible things to his business rivals as several characters comment on it.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* In ''Series/{{Lottery}}'', a small mom and pop grocery store finds itself facing a major supermarket opening up across the street. They refuse to be bought out and they are about to be crushed, but the Intersweep Lottery rep comes to tell them they won over a million dollars. Armed with this sudden windfall, the family decides to fight fire with fire with the supermarket and enters a competition war is so fierce that the supermarket chain's owner investigates and he turns about to a friend of the small store family and a compromise is reached.
* This trope was examined on the "Wal-Mart" episode of ''Series/PennAndTellerBullshit''. Penn argues that Wal-Mart's growth is the natural end result of capitalism, and that demonizing Wal-Mart is unfair.
* On ''Series/{{Leverage}}'', the team tries to stop a new big box store from opening and driving the local mom-and-pop out of business. Unfortunately, the episode treats the big store's predatory nature mostly as an InformedFlaw and thus we get a BrokenAesop where the heroes seem to be sabotaging a legitimate business because it is offering better prices and service then the team's clients. The executive in charge of the store opening uses a number of unethical tactics and is a jerk but most of it is in response to the various underhand tactics the team uses to try to shut the store down.

* Mentioned in "Goin' Goin' Gone" by Thrasher Shiver:
-->They just broke ground outside of town for a home improvement store\\
I guess Mr. Johnson won't be selling any hammers at his hardware anymore...

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* Mentioned in ''ComicStrip/FoxTrot'':
-->'''Andy:''' I wish that Starbucks hadn't opened up.\\
'''Roger:''' Why? You think it'll hurt the Mom & Pop coffeeshops?\\
'''Andy:''' Because it's on the route Peter takes to come home.\\
'''Roger:''' I wondered why his teeth were chattering all the way through dinner.
* A RunningGag in ''ComicStrip/AdamAtHome'' is Clayton forgoing the traditional [[UsefulNotes/LemonadeStands lemonade stand]] in favor of a coffee stand. One Sunday strip has him waiting for customers only for a sinister looking limo to drive by. After asking them "Can I help you?", we SmashCut to a panel of Clayton holding a wad of bills while his stand is bulldozed to make way for a new Starbucks.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* AAA corporations in ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}''
* In ''TabletopGame/MutantChronicles'' just about every megacorp plans on doing what ever it takes to gain more grounds against the other megacorps. Their also not afraid to go on all out war with each other.
* One of the [[FairFolk True Fae]] in the TabletopGame/ChangelingTheLost book ''Grim Fears'' is trying to take over the Earth by heading a megacorp of big box stores.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Pizza Dinosaur from ''VideoGame/WarioWare''; their [[EarWorm corporate song]] even says the 'lower quality products but cheaper' part.
-->We represent Pizza Dinosaur
-->We've got the most stores in the world
-->Our crust is tough and our sauce is thin
-->But we're everywhere so you gotta give in!
-->Mona Pizza's got nothin' on us
-->'Cuz we've got six-thousand-stores-plus!
* In ''VideoGame/{{Persona 4}}'', Junes is ''regarded'' as one, though it's more a parody of {{Mega Corp}}s. Its poor reputation (though people still shop there even while blaming it for driving small shops out of business, similar to people in Walmart in real life) has several long-reaching effects; the most obvious is on party member Yosuke, who happens to be the son of the manager.
** In the GoldenEnding of ''[[UpdatedRerelease The Golden]]'', Junes averts this in part due to Yosuke's suggestion that Junes make a section for local foods and crafts that go right back to the mom & pop stores in the town proper.
* Pizza Bat in ''VideoGame/NoMoreHeroes 2: Desperate Struggle'', which has hurt the local fast food places like Burger Suplex.
* ''VideoGame/BenJordanParanormalInvestigator'' has this as "Bean There, Done that".
* If your income drops too low in VideoGame/SimCity 3000, you may be propositioned to build a Gigamall in your city. By doing so, you'll earn a steady income which can keep you in the black, but like all the business deal buildings, [[DealWithTheDevil there's a catch]]: The Gigamall torpedoes the development of your own commercial sector.
* In ''VideoGame/HyperdimensionNeptunia'', there's a company called Avenir, a technology factory who owns a majority of the business on Lastation, and has used its influence to crush its competition and garner protection from Parliament, preventing Neptune and her friends from entering the Basilicom.
* In ''VideoGame/DeusExHumanRevolution'', two major corporations provide augmentation to the world. Adam Jensen works for Sarif Industries which is run by [[HonestCorporateExecutive David Sarif]], an idealist who truly believes augmentation is the key to a brighter future for humanity. To the point that he funds research dedicated to making his most profitable product, the drug that people with augments need to maintain their health, obsolete. Sarif ultimately cares less about money and more about making augmentation available to as many people as possible (preferably ''all'' of them). Tai Yong Medical, run by [[CorruptCorporateExecutive Zhao Yun Ru]] is unfortunately dominating the market. Their products are shoddy pieces of junk compared to Sarif Industries', so TYM resorts to [[spoiler:hiring mercs to attack their competitors' facilities and framing them for unethical experiments while hiding their own. TYM being backed by the Illuminati (who do not want augmentation to become too widespread since it would threaten their power over the world) doesn't help Sarif Industries either.]] TYM's "business model" doesn't rely on outperforming the competition. It relies on removing it entirely through whatever means necessary.
* ''VideoGame/StardewValley'' has a particularly blatant and potent example of this trope in the Joja Corporation. The plot of this game (a farming simulator in the vein of ''VideoGame/HarvestMoon'') is kicked off by the player character getting tired of their mindless desk job at a Joja Corp office and moving to Stardew Valley to work on the old farm their grandfather gifted them. The main plot entails the player making the decision to save the small town which has fallen into decline as the direct result of the PredatoryBusiness setting up shop in the area... or simply embrace the local [=JojaMart=] and do all your shopping there (in exchange for discounts on their products). Even the company's ''slogans'' are downright sinister:
-->''Life's better with Joja.''
-->''Join us. Thrive.''
* DOGMA from ''VideoGame/{{Segagaga}}''. An evil, faceless corporation that controls 97% of the video game market at the beginning of the game, having crushed all the competition... Except for Creator/{{Sega}}, who launches the "[[TitleDrop Project Segagaga]]" as a last ditch effort to stop DOGMA's threat of total monopoly. [[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''WebComic/{{Wondermark}}'' had a comic that subverted this where the one complaining about this trope pertaining to a bookstore was mostly peeved that the new store's security was not of the "old man in chair napping" model.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* Wal-Mart Watch actually has a Website/YouTube parody called ''WebVideo/HarryPotterAndTheDarkLordWaldemart''.
* The WebVideo/JibJab video [[http://sendables.jibjab.com/originals/big_box_mart "Big Box Mart"]].
* [=StrexCorp=] in ''Podcast/WelcomeToNightVale'' turned Night Vale's rival city of Desert Bluffs into a CompanyTown a while ago and in the first two years of the podcast start moving into Night Vale. Buying out or driving into bankruptcy every business in the city, including the community radio station, and also worshipping a vile Smiling God who was pure evil even by Night Vale standards. Fortunately, in episode 49 Night Vale managed to succeed at a bloody revolution and what was left of the company was bought by Old Woman Josie's angel friends.
* ''WebAnimation/NeuroticallyYours'' had a running gag about Foamy's absolute loathing of Starbucks, and their systematic destruction of small business coffee shops. Unfortunately, he dealt with this by ranting at the barista, who of course had zero influence on anything the company did (though his attitude about how no one "gives a shit" about small business didnt help his case).

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Flim and Flam in the Episode Super Speed Cider Squeezy 3000 of ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'', they at first try and offer them a deal to sell them their cider press at a 75-25% deal in their favour and at that point, engage in a competition with a winner-takes-all selling right to Ponyville' cider supply. When they start losing the competition, they commence cutting costs that leave their cider full of twigs and rocks, forcing them to leave once they win.
* Done twice in ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark''.
** While Wall Mart ''is'' the physical shell of an EldritchAbomination, the boys make the argument that if the citizens of South Park really don't want it to succeed over the local "mom & pop" stores... ''stop shopping there''. This is [[{{Pun}} reflected]] by the core of the Wall Mart being a mirror, so the boys (who were told to destroy the core) see themselves in it. [[SpoofAesop So then they just break the mirror which causes the Wall Mart to collapse into itself.]]
** Subverted in the episode for [[BlandNameProduct Harbucks]] Coffee. Most of the episode involves a small coffee shop owner, Mr. Tweek, trying to keep Harbucks from imposing on his business, including forcing the four main characters to rally the town around him. Then it turns out that Harbucks actually does make better coffee than Tweek's when the townspeople finally get around to tasting it, and Mr. Tweek is even offered a good job working there (although he declines in favor of selling his son into slavery).
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Sixteen}}'' had Taj Mahome Video, doing essentially this to smaller video stores.
* Megalomart from ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill''. Also Alamo Beer in a few episodes. However, after the Megalomart is blown up and rebuilt it stops being this.
* Superstore USA from ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', which not only drives all other businesses into bankruptcy, it even leeches the towns power supply, leading to rolling blackouts for everyone else. Brian and Stewie destroy it with a tank at the end of the episode.
* Red Rocket (a front for COBRA, of course) from the original ''WesternAnimation/GIJoe''.
* Cobra Industries in ''WesternAnimation/GIJoeRenegades'' is ''made'' of this, although their pies ''are'' better than homemade. Their bagel-dogs aren't bad either.
* The monstromarket featured in the ''WesternAnimation/GarfieldAndFriends'' short "Supermarket Mania". Ironically, it's both more expensive and has less selection than the local Pop's Mart, but the owner tricks customers into thinking he's cheaper by offering a lot of coupons on his inflated prices.
* An episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheGarfieldShow'' has Garfield saving Vito's pizzeria from a CorruptCorporateExecutive's pizza store chain, which sells terrible-tasting pizza. It's success lies mostly with it's industrial machinery that can crank out pizzas at a much faster rate than anyone can by hand.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** "Sprawl-Mart" is portrayed like this in the later episodes. Also, Ned Flanders has to compete against the left-handed giant "Left Mart".
** One episode had a gag where Homer was visiting Flanders' store and made a comment about all the Starbucks in the mall. Upon leaving, ''every store except Flanders''' has been replaced by a Starbucks.
** In an earlier episode, Bart goes to a mall to get his ear pierced, passing several Starbucks stores, and a place with a sign saying "Coming Soon - A Starbucks". On entering the piercing store, he is informed that it is becoming a Starbucks in five minutes. Five minutes later, Bart leaves with a pierced ear and a Starbucks cup while ''every'' store behind him has become a Starbucks.
* One of the ''WesternAnimation/VeggieTales'' stories, based on ''Literature/DonQuixote'', had a little local restaurant that was very successful...until a giant corporate eatery, The Food Factory, moved in across the street. Later in the episode, this is {{subverted|Trope}} when it's revealed that The Food Factory doesn't open until lunch so the small local restaurant just has to change its menu to feature breakfast staples.
* Kelpshake from one episode of ''WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants'' was this to both Mr. Krabs and Plankton, to the point that the locations divided like cells, and Krabs and Plankton had to enter an EnemyMine stasis to preserve their businesses; unfortunately, the Kelpshakes were not only bad-tasting, but (implied to be intentionally) addictive, and were toxic, causing all the locations to be shuttered- and all of the Bikini Bottomites to grow green fur.
* The Quicker Stop from the pilot of ''WesternAnimation/ClerksTheAnimatedSeries''.
* Largest Ever Pet Shop from ''WesternAnimation/LittlestPetShop2012''.
* Gigundo-Mart from ''WesternAnimation/DanVs''
* ''WesternAnimation/ArchiesWeirdMysteries'' features a new mall in town that has literally everything the kids could want and even offers mall-exclusive credit cards so they don't have to spend any money there. This naturally starts cutting into all of the local businesses' earnings, forcing them into closure. [[spoiler: As it turns out, this trope is somewhat literal in this case; when the credit cards' limits are reached, the owner of the mall turns the kids into statues so he can use them to settle his DealWithTheDevil. Fortunately Jughead's loyalty to Pops' proves a SpannerInTheWorks and everyone makes it out save for the owner who's forced to face the music on his own.]]
* ''JohnnyBravo'' parodied this trope when Johnny's favorite store, the $1.03 store (a mom and pop store where everything costs 1 dollar and three cents) is about to close down because of the $1.02 mart that opened across the street, complete with a line going out the door. Apparently saving a single cent is that much of an appeal.