->''"Photographic is a misnomer. I have an ''eidetic'' memory, as I've told you many times. Most recently last year during lunch on the afternoon of May seventh. You had turkey and complained it was dry."''
-->-- '''Sheldon Cooper''', ''Series/TheBigBangTheory''

Photographic Memory, technically called eidetic memory, is the ability to recall images, sounds or objects in memory with near perfect accuracy and in abundant volume.

True eidetic memory is not simply "[[SuperIntelligence exceptional memory for details]]", but involves memory which actually works in a way vastly different from normal memory, specifically, the ability to "capture" an image after a short exposure, such that the eideticer has the subjective experience of actually still seeing it even after it has been removed. Someone with a good memory can notice details about something they see, and then recall those details months later. Someone with an eidetic memory can look at something, remember it later, and, when remembering it, ''notice details they completely missed the first time.''

While many people can claim to possess an extraordinary memory, most researchers believe that it is unlikely that true eidetic memory exists in adults, and most cases of "real life" photographic memories are either the result of intense training and devotion, such as among composers, or abnormalities of the brain. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solomon_Shereshevsky Solomon Shereshevsky]] and Kim Peek, the inspiration for ''RainMan'' are some of the closest real life examples of this ability. A more contemporary example is [[http://www.wired.com/medtech/health/magazine/17-04/ff_perfectmemory Jill Price]] who has almost perfect recall of events that have happened during her life due to constant reinforcement of memories through journals.

On TV, every third character has a photographic memory, which here means only that they recall everything they see. When needed for the plot. Sometimes paired with LaserGuidedAmnesia for ironic effect. If the narrator has this, he is an InfallibleNarrator.

Contrast RememberedTooLate.



[[folder:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* Minami Megumi aka Megu from ''Manga/DetectiveSchoolQ'' uses her photographic memory to aid her in solving mysteries.
** Also, one of the victims of the day was a famous artist who had a similar ability. [[spoiler: He also was Shino Katagiri's UnluckyChildhoodFriend, and as he lay dying he left some clues about the identity of his killer. Megu is the one who puts two and two together and, with Kyu's help, solves the case.]]
* ''Manga/SevenSeeds'' has Sakuya from Team Autumn. He is capable of retaining a lot of information easily simply by looking at or reading through something. It's well known in his team, to the point that Ran and Akio know they don't have to write any information down that might come in helpful, since they know Sakuya will remember it.
** Another example comes with Shigeru. He gets easily flustered and doesn't have a whole lot of self-confidence, but when he remains calm, Shigeru is shown to have a really good memory, like remembering where Ango put scissors that he last used a week ago. Shigeru was also once so slow in finding words he couldn't remember in the dictionary, he simply learned every word in the dictionary by heart.
* [[CuteBookworm Sheska]] from ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' is the trope UpToEleven. When the library containing Dr. Marcoh's notes burns down, Sheska, a former employee, manages to write them all down from memory, and is subsequently hired to rewrite possibly the ''entire library''- this being the main branch and containing legal documents as well. In her case, her perfect recall seems to be limited to only what she has read, stemming from her obsession with books and reading.
** Kimblee also has a photographic memory, unfortunately. He uses this to torture a man by reciting every murder that he committed in a previous bloody war and when he instantly recalls Scar's face from a group of Ishvalans (several of them Scar's family) that he killed.
** Vato Falman is able to recall every detail and information in any location without leaving physical evidence which is why [[TheChessMaster Roy Mustang]] picked him as one of his subordinates.
* The titular Index from ''LightNovel/ACertainMagicalIndex'' has photographic memory. It was used to remember a library worth of magic books. The side effect was the danger of Index's brain overflowing from too much memories, mandating wiping her memories every year. [[spoiler: Said danger was in fact a lie to prevent her from rebelling - someone with a library worth of magic books is extremely dangerous.]]
** Accelerator also has this, but only for what he sees. He memorizes a massive page of computer code by looking at it once, destroys it, and comments it was easy. He has forgotten his real name from not using it for a really long time, and he needed help to remember the lyrics for Index's song.
** According to Aureolus Izzard, vampires all have photographic memory.
* In ''Manga/CreoTheCrimsonCrises'', we have Creo who aces a physics quiz by flipping through the physics textbook and memorizing it a few minutes before the quiz.
* [[TallDarkAndSnarky Naoki Irie]] from ''Manga/ItazuraNaKiss''. He doesn't study because he remembers everything he sees. He comes across the love letter Kotoko wrote to him (that he had refused reading initially) while she is [[InnocentCohabitation asleep]] and then later proceeds to [[JerkAss recite it verbatim in front of their families to tease her]] earning him a well deserved slap.
* ''Manga/SpecialA'': Top ranked in the scohol, Kei Takashima states in episode 1 that he only needs to see something once to remember it.
* Lavi from ''Manga/DGrayMan'', as expected from a future [[TrueNeutral Bookman]], has a photographic memory. [[spoiler: He's able to find one particular key amongst thousands of its illusions, because 'The scratches, the dirt, all the patterns of the plating of the real key were recorded in his head ever since he first saw it.']]
* This is Mako's special ability in ''Manga/{{Saki}}''. She lived in a {{Mahjong}} parlor ever since she was little and can perfectly remember the many, many games she had seen. By remembering the Mahjong games that fit the one she's currently in, she can figure out what her opponents are planning and play accordingly.
* ''Manga/DetectiveConan'':
** According to the [[LongRunner eighth movie]], not only does Conan remember everything in crystal detail, but he can even rewind the last twenty-or-so minutes of film to let his eidetic memory take over in order to solve the murder. So he's got... what, a ''cinematographic'' memory?
** Heiji has shown himself to have an eidetic memory, capable of remembering complex letter and number sequences at only a glance, such as when he was able to solve a code in his head during the "Heiji and Kazuha in Grave Danger" arc, and even reproduce another message using the same code to text to Conan.
** Shuikichi Haneda is extremely skillful at memorizing, as shown when he managed to remember the code written on Sakurako's paper despite having only seen it for a very short amount of time. He also claims to be the best in this field.
* It's implied that Hiruma from ''Manga/{{Eyeshield 21}}'' has this kind of memory. It's particularly noticeable when he's playing Black Jack in a casino and memorized every single card that was taken from the deck and winning that way, or when Mamori creates review sheets for hand signals. Before she gives it out to the team, Hiruma snatches it away, flips through it, and then burns it. When Mamori says that Hiruma didn't even read it, Hiruma demonstrates that he did memorize it by sending her a message that "the team manager secretly ate all the cream puffs."
** Heinrich Shultz of the German National Team is outright stated to have this, and he uses it to predict an opponent's moves with absurd accuracy just by remembering their previous games (his 4.2 second 40 yard dash certainly helps).
* All of the Uchiha from ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' have this ability, thanks to the [[MagicalEye Sharingan]]. Allows them to learn any technique (that does not involve genetic inheritance, and that the user can physically perform) without fail, and even to forge handwriting.
** Shikamaru is implied to have this as well, considering he memorized Tayuya's finger patterns when she uses her flute for her jutsus.
* Breo from ''Anime/YuGiOh5Ds''. It helps him greatly, because he uses a Deck Destruction deck, and it is very important for him to keep track of the cards in his opponent's deck, hand, field, and graveyard.
* Armitage's daughter Yoko from ''Anime/ArmitageIII''.
* Tokura Misaki from ''Anime/CardfightVanguard''. It's not a pretty situation for her because it comes packaged with [[spoiler:PTSD from witnessing her parents' car crash.]] The memory does prove useful in cardfights, where it helps her memorize and predict the content of her opponent's deck.
* Yasuri Nanami from ''LightNovel/{{Katanagatari}}'' uses a Photographic Memory to learn Kyoto Ryu, as well as to copy the moves of the Maniwa Insect Squad who attack her.
* The titular Neuro and Interpol agent Andrew Sixson from ''Manga/MajinTanteiNougamiNeuro'' have eiditic memories. The villain Sicks managed to copy Andrew's photographic memory amongst other things.
* Mashiro in ''LightNovel/ThePetGirlOfSakurasou'' has a photographic memory that is closer to textbook definitions.
* The main character Ryouta from ''Manga/BrynhildrInTheDarkness'' can remember anything he has seen and makes him very observant, which has helped many times. It even appears to be the reason he was not affected by a [[spoiler:LaserGuidedAmnesia attack]].
* ''Franchise/KagerouProject'' takes this one UpToEleven with [[spoiler:Shintaro Kisaragi]], whose eye-power is "Retaining-eyes", which basically means that they remember every single thing they've ever seen and experienced - even across the ''multiple timelines and adaptations'' of the series thus far. [[spoiler:Even when it lies dormant, he uses it subconsciously, hence his TeenGenius status. In at least one route, seeing all of the [[KillEmAll gruesome ends met by his friends and little sister]] [[DrivenToSuicide drives him to suicide]].]]
* Aoi, the oldest of the Sakurada siblings in ''Manga/CastleTownDandelion'', has this as her RoyaltySuperpower.
* Ichikawa from ''Manga/{{Akagi}}'' has trained himself to this as regards to MahJong, and is able to recall perfectly every single draw and play done during any particular round. It allows him to play the game while blind.
* Asagi from ''Manga/ThouShaltNotDie'' as super memory which is a power that allow him to remember everything he learned and saw and can foresee outcomes based on all the information he gathered even those he subconsciously gathered. In a twisted joke, the power aged his brain and he suffers from dementia so while he remembers everything he'll just blank out mid conversation forgetting what he was talking about.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Barbara Gordon, the first ComicBook/{{Batgirl}} and Oracle in Franchise/TheDCU. This notably backfired for her, as she remembers every detail of her getting shot and paralyzed by the Joker.
* Franchise/{{Batman}} also has eidectic memory. This helps immensely with his detective work but it's also one of the reasons he has never moved on from his parents' murder.
* Also from DC is Bart Allen, who was formerly Impulse, a former ComicBook/TheFlash and the second Kid Flash. He superspeed-read ''the entire San Francisco Public Library''. This makes him an exception to most speedsters, who are able to learn something at an accelerated speed (Wally once learned how to, and then did, construct a fully functioning steel bridge in a matter of minutes) but not capable of ''retaining'' those memories. Bart's ability may be limited to perfectly recalling what he ''reads''.
* ''ComicBook/XMen'':
** Sage has a photographic memory as well as other powers. Also justified, as this is a mutant ability.
** X-Men founder and former headmaster Professor X has one as well, but an extremely weird one. He can transfer parts of his short term memory to his long term memory, getting a similar effect. At times that telepaths have perfect memories because they can ''read their own minds''.
* Grunge from ''Comicbook/{{Gen13}}''.
* A relatively minor villain in the Franchise/MarvelUniverse, the Comicbook/{{Taskmaster}}, takes this trope a step further with his "photographic reflexes" - if he sees something done, even on TV, he can easily replicate it regardless of complexity. He can pass as a master chef, use any fighting style, and even catch a bullet. The 2010 Taskmaster miniseries reveals that this comes at a cost. Copying so many moves has made him forget a lot of ''other'' memories - including those about his personal life, like the fact that [[spoiler:he used to be a SHIELD agent, the true origin of his photographic ability and that he has a hot SpicyLatina as a wife]].
* Deaf heroine Echo, an [[Comicbook/TheAvengers Avenger]] and former lover of Comicbook/{{Daredevil}}, has this ability. Whether it's a mutant power or natural aptitude is never clearly defined.
* Averted in Comicbook/{{Transmetropolitan}} - Spider doesn't need a photographic memory, because this is TheFuture, and a camera is built into ''his glasses''. (Although there are pharmaceuticals that wire your nervous system up like a cellphone or grant you genetic traits like resistance to cancer, so maybe there is an eidetic memory pill...)
* The blue Bug people (and by extension [[spoiler: Oliver]]) in ''ComicBook/{{Invincible}}'' have eidetic memory as a racial trait, due to the fact they have a life span of less than a year and need to learn everything quickly.
* {{Superman}} examples:
** During ''ComicBook/InfiniteCrisis'', {{Superman}} lost his powers. One Year Later, he regained them and picked up a couple of new ones, including true photographic memory and superfast calculative processes (which he immediately uses in battle.) When the photographic memory first hits him, he can suddenly retroactively recall his entire life this way. UsefulNotes/{{The Silver Age|OfComicBooks}} and UsefulNotes/{{the Bronze Age|OfComicBooks}} Superman also had this power (AlanMoore once described his memory as being "vast enough to have every conceivable shape of snowflake precisely filed"), but the ComicBook/PostCrisis Superman did not, until this point.
** ''ComicBook/FinalCrisis'' included perhaps Superman's most impressive display of this power, when he's able to construct a replica of the fantastically complex Miracle Machine after only glimpsing it (using XRayVision and such to see its insides, of course) for a second.
* Unusually for a comic book robot, ComicBook/AtomicRobo ''lacks'' this ability. It seems his memory works like an ordinary human's, not like a computer's. He can forget things, has to study for college exams, doesn't automatically learn foreign languages (e.g., he's never bothered to learn Japanese), etc.

[[folder:Fan Fiction]]
* In ''Fanfic/TheShadowWars'', this is a standard [[PhysicalGod Alicorn]] ability.
* Sunset Shimmer admits to having this in the ''Fanfic/{{Quiververse}}'', which she treats as a mixed blessing.
* In the ''Manga/GunslingerGirl'' fanfic "Hunters in the Dolomites", Triela has perfect recall of any information she needs to know (like maps of the surrounding terrain shown during the MissionBriefing) but not (thanks to the [[CyberneticsEatYourSoul encroaching memory loss of the conditioning]]) things she ''wants'' to remember.
* ''Fanfic/TheBridge'':
** Godzilla Junior remembers everyone he's ever seen, and can recognize individual humans in a crowd years after he's met them.
** Xenilla mentions he only needs to look over a page once to memorize it.

* "Lord Nikon" from the movie ''Film/{{Hackers}}''.
* ''Film/TheBourneSeries'':
** In the movie ''Film/TheBourneIdentity'', Jason Bourne glances at a map before wildly taking off through the streets, seemingly knowledgeable of exactly where he's going. Later, in a restaurant, he discusses his instant awareness of all the license plate numbers on cars parked outside (among several other things)--along with how his brain is able to parse the information he automatically retains into usefulness. He mentions that it's really weird that he can compute all those things in an instant, given that he does [[LaserGuidedAmnesia not even know his real name.]]
** ''Film/TheBourneLegacy'' explains that this is due to a drug that all Treadstone agents are subjected to.
* ''Film/GoodWillHunting'''s main character has a seemingly infallible memory. This doesn't give him skills, though he also has an impressive (if underutilized) intelligence and an even greater gift for mathematics, but it's useful.
-->'''Skyler:''' So what are you saying? You play the piano?
-->'''Will:''' No, not a lick. I mean, I look at a piano, I see a bunch of keys, three pedals, and a box of wood. But Beethoven, Mozart, they saw it, they could just play. I couldn't paint you a picture, I probably can't hit the ball out of Fenway, and I can't play the piano.
-->'''Skyler:''' But you can do my organic chem paper in under an hour.
* Spoofed in ''Film/CarryOnSpying''. Agent Honeybutt has eyelids that actually make a shutter-click sound as she "photographs" things she sees.
* ''Film/{{Telefon}}'' (1977). Charles Bronson's KGB agent character has this ability, which comes in handy for memorising a top-secret list (only two copies exist) of {{Manchurian Agent}}s. Unfortunately this makes Bronson a ''third'' copy, and so his superiors give orders that he should be killed as soon as his mission is over.
* Franchise/{{Robocop}}, like Seven of Nine, has a hard drive in his head. As the CorruptCorporateExecutive remarks to TheDragon in ''Film/RoboCop1987'', "his memory is admissible as evidence!"
* The male lead in ''Film/{{Thoughtcrimes}}'' has true eidetic memory. At on point, his telepathic partner asks him to visualise a scene so that ''she'' can look through it searching for clues.
* Christie seems to have this in ''Film/DOADeadOrAlive'' TheMovie. She manages to draw Helena's tattoo (the key to a vault) from memory having glimpsed it for less than a second, while in full motion, during a fight.
* Marty Feldman's character in ''Film/TheAdventureOfSherlockHolmesSmarterBrother'' has ''phono''graphic memory -- he can exactly repeat anything he has ever heard.
* The {{biopic}} ''Film/TempleGrandin'' is a real life account of the life of Temple Grandin, quoted above. As she has said, her mind works like Google Images, and they have a scene in the film that shows just how that works. One of Temple's teachers remarks after Temple's favorite horse has died that we shouldn't remember him this way, but Temple proceeds to name off '''every single horse that looked like hers she has ever seen.''' Surprised, he asks her if she can bring everything she sees into her mind, even if it's something simple like a shoe (and not specific like horses that looked like hers) and she does the same thing again.
* In the Soviet sci-fi film ''Film/MoscowCassiopeia'', the government is selecting exceptional teenagers for an interstellar mission on a slower-than-light ship to the a star in the Cassiopeia constellation. One of the teens is a smug kid who was chosen for his eidetic memory. He claims to be able to perfectly recall 10 pages of fine print after reading them once, a ChekhovsSkill that pops up a few times when it is needed.
* The drug from ''Film/{{Limitless}}'' grants this, but it wears off.
* Gillian Taylor from ''Film/{{Star Trek IV|The Voyage Home}}'' claimed to have photographic memory, and was able to remember a conversation she overheard between Kirk and Spock, which made her question what they were really up to.
* The titular character from ''Film/DoctorStrange2016'' offhandedly claims to have photographic memory, which allows him to learn magic so fast. It also allows him to achieve multiple degrees at once.

* ''Literature/{{Fahrenheit 451}}'' ends with [[spoiler: the main character joining a society where everyone is able to memorize an ''entire book''. They have to destroy the books after memorizing them to destroy all evidence. However, it's stated to be a technique that they promise to teach Guy, which implies that it's actually "total recall", since he only skimmed the book they need to him to remember.]]
* FBI investigator Will Graham, hero of Thomas Harris' novel and movie ''Literature/RedDragon'' and the man who first captured Hannibal Lecter, is explicitly identified as having eidetic memory. Lecter also exhibits such abilities.
* David Becker of Brown's ''Literature/DigitalFortress'', on the other hand, explicitly ''does'' have eidetic memory.
* Lesley and Gordon in the Brian Caswell novel ''A Cage of Butterflies'' both possess photographic memories that allow them to play chess without a chessboard. This may be the only nonviolent, memory-based, chess-related case of badassery.
** Caswell's ''Deucalion'' series also featured several main characters with the ability to recall every memory they ever had.
* Christopher Boone, the 15-year-old hero of ''[[Literature/TheCuriousIncidentOfTheDogInTheNightTime The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time]]'' by Mark Haddon, possesses eidetic memory. However, this is somewhat justified by his autism spectrum disorder; autism is associated with slightly higher rates of savant syndrome.
* In the Literature/{{Discworld}} novel ''Discworld/SmallGods'', the main character Brutha's photographic memory is eventually used to smuggle a large portion of the scrolls of an entire library inside his head. Because he's illiterate, he can't ''understand'' what they say, he just knows what the pages look like. It's implied that this is actually a case of a neurological disorder, justifying it somewhat.
--> '''Bishop:''' What's the first thing you remember?
--> '''Brutha''': There was a bright light and someone hit me.
** He begins to understand eventually, although he only gets snippets of random information, like remembering that "cuttlefish have an internal cartilaginous structure", without actually knowing what cartilaginous means.
* Girl detective Literature/CamJansen solves every case this way. Her real name is Jennifer; Cam is short for "The Camera".
** When taking a mental snapshot, she ''blinks like a shutter, and says,'' "Click."
* In Creator/PiersAnthony's SF novel ''Ghost'', the captain of a spaceship has this ability. To the level that, in a demonstration for an admiral, he is able to answer the question, "What is the third word of the second sentence in the first paragraph of Volume 128a of the Space Regulatory Code?" Mentally, he opens the book, flips the pages, reads the word, and replies, "Celestial."
* In Creator/LoisMcMasterBujold's ''Literature/VorkosiganSaga'', security operative (and eventually Chief of Imperial Security) Simon Illyan has an artificial eidetic memory, due to a computer chip implanted in his brain. It should be noted that everyone else given such chips was eventually driven mad by the disconnect between their natural and artificial memories.
* Creator/GeneWolfe:
** Severian, the protagonist of ''Literature/BookOfTheNewSun'' series. The narrative comprises Severian's journal, but although he claims to remember everything flawlessly, a careful examination of the text reveals that he does not always record those recollections consistently, suggesting that he either ''does'' have flaws in his memory or is lying. Pratchett's Brutha above may be a ShoutOut, as a minor character in ''Small Gods'' is named Severian and both have a CrystalDragonJesus version of the Catholic Church. A precise invokation of the trope, as described in the introduction above, occurs in this passage:
--> I thought of the herd driven through Saltus and counted them from memory: one hundred and thirty-seven. Then there were the soldiers who had come singing up from Gyoll. The innkeeper had asked me how many there were and I had guessed at a figure, but I had never counted them until now. He might, or might not, have been a spy.
** Wolfe's ''[[Literature/SoldierOfTheMist Soldier]]'' novels are an inversion. The narrator, Latro, can only remember events up to one day in the past (a RealLife medical condition), and his journal (which again comprises the narrative) is a flawed substitute for his long-term memory.
* ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'':
** This is one of the Fallen's many helpful abilities.
** This is also how the Sight and soulgazing work for most wizards, allowing them to perfectly remember when they saw things as they really are. As Harry points out, in his line of work, that means he's got some ''really bad'' memories that will never grow dull with time. [[spoiler: At one point, he sees the true form of [[BrownNote the skinwalker]], and has to spend ''hours'' wrestling with the memory so that he isn't perpetually getting [[MindRape Mind Raped]] by what he saw.]]
* The ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'' characters [[Literature/TheThrawnTrilogy Winter Celchu]] and [[Literature/XWingSeries Kirtan Loor]] both had an ability that approached this, if not meeting it. This being ''Star Wars'', though, it was referred to as "holographic" memory, which depending on the quality of the hologram is probably more accurate. Coincidentally (or not), both became Intelligence officers, though on different sides of the war. Winter could remember conversations verbatim, and she famously had the drawback of her being unable to forget things she'd seen ''at all'', so if she witnessed a tragedy she'd remember it as clearly twenty years later as she had the day after. (Winter being an [[DoomedHometown Alderaanian offworld at the time of Episode IV]], it gives her a certain melancholy.) She was also known to memorize the layout of Imperial facilities down to the millimeter, allowing her to provide ridiculously detailed maps for Rebel commandos who would later carry out a raid. Loor, meanwhile, could rattle off so many facts in succession that he would scare suspects into confessing (as they would assume that someone so knowledgeable must already have proof of their guilt anyway), but grew to rely overmuch on his memory, letting knowledge doing the work of actual intelligence and making assumptions. (He tried to overcome it when confronted with this flaw, but never quite managed it.)
** All of the Null-[=ARCs=] in the Clone Wars-era books have holographic memory. The writer makes it clear that all of them are unpredictable and more than a little psychotic.
** Ben Skywalker (son of Luke Skywalker and Mara Jade) also has a photographic memory; this is first mentioned and utilized in ''[[Literature/LegacyOfTheForce Sacrifice]]'', and again in ''[[FateOfTheJedi Abyss]]'', but it's easily missed, since most writers tend to gloss over it or not mention it at all.
** The Camaasi species have a more limited version: their memory of any event of great emotional significance will be perfect in every detail. This is a factor in the pacifist nature of the average Camaasi: killing another sentient being would be of great emotional impact to most people, and not something they would want to remember in such detail.
* The title character in the story ''Funes the Memorious'' by Creator/JorgeLuisBorges. This character's more-than-photographic memory(it captures not only images, but sounds, words, smells, temperature sensations, and everything else he experiences) is accompanied by heightened senses, which make it difficult for him to sleep or communicate normally(since he can remember everything precisely as it was, he hardly needs language to make generalizations). It's ambiguous whether he's BlessedWithSuck or better off than the rest of us. Although Funes often brags about his ability and thinks that everyone else lives in a shadowy PlatonicCave dream-world, he also compares his memory to a garbage heap.
* Danny Saunders in ''Literature/TheChosen'' seems to have one, to demonstrate, he asks narrator Reuven which portion of Talmud he is studying and proceeds to recite it word for word. Then he says he can do the same thing with ''Literature/{{Ivanhoe}}''.
* Creator/JRRTolkien wrote in his background materials for Middle-Earth that all elves have this kind of memory.
** In ''Literature/TheHobbit'', Bilbo steals a single gold cup from Smaug's DragonHoard. When Smaug wakes up and inspects his treasure, he instantly realizes the cup is missing. For the record, Smaug's pile of treasure is '''[[{{Fiction 500}} HUGE]]'''.
* ''Literature/EndersShadow'': Bean has the real deal. It's explicitly stated that Bean can watch an entire video, and rewatch it in his mind to learn new details. [[spoiler:He's the result of his MadScientist uncle's crazy genetic experiments, gifting Bean with a raw intelligence that surpasses even ''Ender''.]] Bean even learns passwords by rewatching the blurred fingertips of the typist over and over again. And to be fair, at no point is this ever just waved off. Everyone aware of Bean's capabilities recognizes that Bean is far, far beyond them. And this takes place in a school designed to churn out [[{{Tykebomb}} tykebombs for command positions.]]
** This ends up being the plot point in ''Ender's Shadow''. Bean picks a random book to pretend to read while he does something else. When confronted about his choice of the book, he recalls it in his mind using this method (having glanced at it) and somehow uses that to [[spoiler:figure out the whole IF plan]]. To clarify, the book he chose was completely random.
* In ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'', the vampires are able to remember everything from the time of their becoming a vampire on.
* ''Literature/TheExecutioner''. {{Vigilante}} Mack Bolan has an eidetic memory, which proves useful when he's infiltrating a mob family -- he can relate a minor detail about someone's life to convince them they've met before (as the more [[ProfessionalKiller elite mob killers]] use plastic surgery it doesn't seem strange that Bolan's face is unfamiliar).
%%* Lisbeth Salander of the "''[[TheMillenniumTrilogy Millennium]]''" trilogy.
* ''Literature/HarryPotter'':
** Ollivander, the Diagon Alley wand-maker, can remember the details of every wand he has ever made and who bought it.
** Dumbledore's [[PensieveFlashback Pensieve]] allows anyone using it to experience perfect recall. Although memories can be deliberately tampered with, in general they are preserved perfectly in the Pensieve, in virtual reality, including not only details the memory donor would have missed but also ones they ''could not possibly have seen'' in the first place. And when a memory ''is'' tampered with, it tends to be obvious that something isn't right about it.
** Memories retrieved through Legilimency act as the above [[PensieveFlashback pensieve]] is described.
* Creator/RobertAHeinlein:
** The titular character of "Literature/StarmanJones" has this. No one told him not to, so he read his uncle's astrogation books, from which he learned the calculus. He also happened to memorize every logarithm table and every table converting numbers into binary. Another character marvels at not being able to forget anything. "I've been able to forget a lot of things, thank Heaven." This skill becomes a plot point when the spaceship gets lost and their records are destroyed, so he has to retrace their route from memory.
** A number of Heinlein's characters have amazing recall: in ''Literature/StrangerInAStrangeLand'', they even made a profession out of it (people with the ability were licensed as "Fair Witnesses" and anything they were willing to say they had heard or seen was assumed to be the truth). [[AuthorAvatar Lazarus Long]] also claimed to have memorized the logarithm tables and said he could learn a new language in one week, although his memory does degrade over time, especially since he's lived many centuries and keeps filling his head with new things.
* From M. A. Foster's ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._A._Foster#.22Ler.22_books The Book of the Ler]]'', all of the ler (a forced evolution of humans) have this type of memory. They can also 'auto-forget', delete some or all of their memories.
* Creator/DavidWeber's ''Literature/{{Safehold}}'' series:
** Merlin. Justified, as being a RidiculouslyHumanRobot he presumably has a hard drive in his head. At one point on being shown a journal he'd like to read but doesn't have time to he glances at each individual page explicitly so he can recall the saved image and read that later.
** Aivah Pahrsahn also has eidetic memory due to a legacy of genetic engineering. Genetically engineering eidetic memory into children was a fad during the Twenty-First century and while it became less popular the genes remained int he population and eidetic memory is more common on Safehold than in reality.
* Shallan from ''Literature/TheStormlightArchive'' has a version of this- she needs to concentrate on something in order to take it as a Memory (she uses the capital M to distinguish it from ordinary remembering), but once she does, it's there permanently and in perfect detail (though she can choose to forget it if she no longer needs it- usually after making a drawing of the Memory, since she's a sketch artist). ''Literature/WordsOfRadiance'' implies that most, if not all, Lightweavers posses these abilities.
* Zahir Benumar/Zayn Hassan of ''Snare'' is a Recaller, a person genetically engineered to have absolute perfect recall of anything he sees or hears. Unfortunately, he inherited this gift from a long-dead ancestor, and the culture he was raised in sees people with talents derived from genetic engineering as demonspawn.
* 11-year-old prodigy Lucy [=McGowan=] in ''Thank You For All Things''.
* Every Mentat in the Franchise/{{Dune}} series possesses this skill. The Bene Gesserit Reverend Mothers on the other hand have the memories of all their female ancestors going back to prehistory.
** In the prequel novels, it's even mentioned that the Reverend Mother designated with overseeing their breeding program doesn't keep any written or electronic records, instead keeping all the information in her Other Memory.
* Feruchemists from ''Literature/{{Mistborn}}'' use their magical powers to achieve something very like this; they can store up personal qualities (strength, speed, quickness of thought, etc) in pieces of metal, and memories are among these- meaning that, essentially, a feruchemist can store a ''massive'' amount of information perfectly and indefinitely in their "metalminds", which can be drawn forth as needed. Sazed, the main feruchemist character, is a scholar who has a tremendous amount of information on almost every subject imaginiable memorized in this way; he's almost literally a walking library.
* Literature/TimeScout's Brian Henrickson remembers everything he's ever read. He's the Time Terminal's librarian.
* The Chee from ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'' are a race of androids with perfect memory. They are also ridiculously strong, essentially immortal, and programmed to be completely nonviolent. In their first appearance, one of the Chee reprograms himself so that he can help the main characters in their fight against alien invaders, and immediately re-installs the prohibition against violence after his first battle, because he'll have to live with the memories of what he did, picture-perfect, forever.
* The main character in ''The Owling'' has an eidetic memory, being able to instantaneously recall anything she’s ever seen, heard, or experienced in her lifetime at will. She [[spoiler: loses this ability later]] in the series’ second book, which sucks for the plot but [[FridgeHorror might be a relief to the character.]]
* ''Literature/ProfessorMmaasLecture'': The termites' "associative substance" (their brain equivalent) gives them a near-perfect memory.
* [[LadyOfWar Neda Pathkendle]] in ''Literature/TheChathrandVoyages'' has this; she originally only had a very good normal memory, but her witch mother cast a spell on her when she was a teenager to enhance her strongest natural aptitude, granting her this instead- with the caviat that there are times she's basically sucked into her own memory and can't stop her mind from replaying past events, no matter how painful (her younger brother [[GuileHero Pazel]] was affected by the spell too, in a different way- [[CunningLinguist always good with languages]] he became an {{Omniglot}}, with the caviat that every so often he'll have a "mind fit" that renders him incapable of using or understanding language at all for several hours).
* In Elizabeth Vaughan's ''Chronicles of the Warlands'' series, everyone native to The Plains has this. These people have no need for written language, since they can perfectly recall oral lessons as long as they pay attention. In ''Destiny's Star'', the character Bethral reveals that she has this too because her mother was from The Plains. The elderly character Wild Winds discovers he's losing his perfect memory, possibly indicating he's developing Alzheimer's. The people of The Plains often poke fun at other people for having "poor memories", like when they discover the city-dweller Ezren can't play chess in his head like they can.
* Both Sasha and Chichi in ''Literature/AkataWitch'' have this, which is why neither of them goes to school.
* In ''[[Literature/RachelGriffin The Unexpected Enlightenment of Rachel Griffin]]'', the eponymous Rachel Griffin's perfect recall allows her to cancel out illusions by thinking back over what she has seen, as while her eyes may be decieved, her memory will not be. This turns out to be very helpful against villains who can make themselves invisible.
* Ronnie Cleveland in Literature/FlightToTheLonesomePlace has a problem when people think he understands more than he knows due to his memory that they used once before.
* In the ''Literature/NeroWolfe'' mystery series, Archie often describes Saul Panzer as having perfect recall of people's faces. One look at someone, and Saul will remember their face until the day he dies. Under Wolfe's training, Archie has developed the ability to recall and report extended conversations word-for-word.
* In the ''Literature/TheMysteriousBenedictSociety'' books, both George "Sticky" Washington and the titular Nicholas Benedict have this. Rhonda Kazembie, one of Benedict's assistants, likely has it as well. Also, although it is never directly stated, the BigBad of the series, Ledroptha Curtain, may have it as well, as he is also a genius who just so happens to be Benedict's long lost identical twin.
* Brewster claims an eidetic memory in ''Literature/{{Bruiser}}'', but also states that it's largely confined to what he's read. He just has a very good memory everywhere else.
* David Baldacci's Amos Decker, from ''Memory Man'' and ''The Last Mile'', has uncontrollable eidetic memory as the result of a head injury on the football field. This is helpful for him in his line of work as a detective, but also means that he's never been able to forget every detail of the murder of his wife and child.
* Peter Clines's ''Literature/TheFold'' features Mike Erikson who has powers of total recall and analysis due to the "ants" in his head. Mike is short for [[spoiler:his childhood nickname of [[Characters/SherlockHolmes Mycroft]]]].
* Thomas Cromwell in ''Literature/WolfHall'' is a somewhat more realistic case. Cromwell picked up a "system" as a young soldier in Italy wherein one can remember things with precision by associating them with specific sensory experiences, and this plays out in how Cromwell's memories of past events are tied to specific objects and experiences (i.e. a type of fabric). Cromwell has also memorized several texts, including the Bible in Latin and in one scene, inquires about resuming a chess game started several years previously, offering to place the pieces precisely where play left off.[[note]]Although he said that mostly for effect; really he'd be placing pieces from how he remembers the man's ''style'' of play.[[/note]] Maybe that's why he never forgets any insult, ever.
* In ''Literature/UhurasSong'', the Sivaoans have this kind of memory. It does turn out to have some shortcomings, one of which is a major plot point.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* Kat from ''Series/{{Alphas}}''.
** This is when it comes to Muscle Memory, her actual memory resets every month but still retains her Muscle Memory.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** The Eleventh Doctor has a photographic memory which he uses to find Prisoner Zero in his first episode and stop River from killing him in "Let's Kill Hitler". It is worth noting that the Doctor is in fact an alien, and that his race is perhaps the most technologically advanced in the entire universe. The contents of his mind are more than a human brain can handle.
** Among the Doctor's companions, this was a frequently displayed ability of the Second Doctor's companion Zoe, and an InformedAbility of the Sixth & Seventh Doctor's companion Mel.
* ''Series/WhiteCollar'':
** Mozzie. He calls it "perfect recall."
** Neal has shown signs of having this, as well, but to a lesser extent. At the very least, he seems to have the ability to remember every move of every chess game he's ever played or witnessed.
** He's also able to remember that the fractal images he had seen eight years earlier were similar to one that Mozzie had recently decoded, but none of them were exact.
* ''Series/TheXFiles'': Fox Mulder claimed to have an Eidetic memory. It was first mentioned in season 1 when he talked with his ex from Oxford.
-->'''Phoebe Green:''' Unless I'm mistaken, ten years seems like sufficient time to have forgiven, if not forgotten, a few youthful indiscretions.
-->'''Mulder:''' I'm cursed with a photographic memory.
* Sylvester on ''Series/{{Scorpion}}''. In one episode, they're shown playing a game called "Move Sylvester's Stuff" where they slightly change things on his desk while he's blindfolded and he has to determine what's been changed.
* Played with in an episode of ''Series/{{House}}''. The patient has eidetic memory, being able to recall every single memory of hers in perfect detail, right down to a customer she only saw once months ago with another man, crying over something or keeping a terribly strained relationship with her sister, ''because'' she remembers all the mistakes or fights they had growing up. [[spoiler: As it turns out, her great memory is not simply a great memory, but it's a mixture of a disease and [=OCD=] and the treatment will likely result in her memory becoming as hazy as most people's.]]
* Adrian Monk, from ''Series/{{Monk}}''. Monk's memory ever extends to his ''back''. In a flashback, he reveals that he remembered Trudy's phone number after she wrote it down on a paper propped against his back for a JerkJock. In the same episode, he uses the same skill to recall another number.
* Shawn Spencer from ''Series/{{Psych}}'', another USANetwork show, has a true photographic memory, being able to recall old memories and see new details in them. He also has an uncanny ability to remember several long serial numbers after nothing but a glance. This is coupled together with HyperAwareness to make him able to notice and remember pretty much everything.
** Shawn's mother has the ability to sounds in a similar way to that of her son with objects.
** It's implied that this ability was developed thanks to his father putting him through TrainingFromHell in order to prepare him for a future career as a cop. Too bad Shawn had other ideas.
* Spencer Reid, from ''Series/CriminalMinds''.
** Notable in that it applies to anything he has ''read''... A large part of the second season premiere is him trying to remember something he has ''heard.''
** He also displays the ability to see new things in his memories, mentioned in the main article; in one season one episode, in order to solve a case (long story) he pulls up a word search puzzle in his mind and finds new words in it.
** Also not limited to visuals. He is shown in ''100'' repeating a recently-heard conversation word-for-word, on fast forward - in which it sounds less as though he has deliberately memorised the conversation, and more as though he is listening to it over again, and repeating the words as he hears them.
%%* Ziva David, a Mossad agent on ''Series/{{NCIS}}''.
* Theodore "T-Bag" Bagwell, from ''Series/PrisonBreak'', claims to have photographic memory. Charles "Haywire" Patoshik does, in fact, possess eidetic memory.
* Seven of Nine from ''Series/StarTrekVoyager''. She is, however, a cyborg. The Doctor also suspected that Kes had an eidetic memory as well when she remembered details about her medical studies easily (Justified in that hers is a very short-lived species, and they ''have'' to learn quickly).
* [[InsufferableGenius Sheldon]] from ''Series/TheBigBangTheory'' has an eidetic memory, and is able to recall the precise date and time of any event in his life and win complex card games through memorization, which he points out [[CursedWithAwesome takes away all the challenge, and consequently the fun]].
* Max Guevara, from ''Series/DarkAngel'', was able to translate the dial tone on speed dial into numbers.
* The terminators in Series/TerminatorTheSarahConnorChronicles, notably [[RobotGirl Cameron]] who can even go so far as to re-enact a person's tone of voice and [[UncannyValley body language]].
--> '''Cameron:''' You saw it right? You saw it? It's so freaking big and all out there!
* ''Series/BabylonFive'':
** Commander Susan Ivanova claimed to have eidetic memory. She recalled a once-heard Minbari phrase perfectly, despite not speaking the language at the time she heard it. In another episode, she memorizes the long list of all [=EarthForce=] personnel perished in a battle in order to make sure they were burying people and not statistics.
** Ambassador Kosh hires Abbut, a cyber-organic living recorder, to record thoughts and images from the mind of Talia Winters.
* Subverted on ''Series/{{Angel}}'', when Angel is asked if he remembers the code for a door, and replies "Hello? Photographic memory." He then gets the code wrong on the first try. He does demonstrate photographic recall on another occasion. He also says that he doesn't have it all the time, only when he actively tries.
* Kyle from ''Series/KyleXY'' combines this with his ability to draw photo-realistic pictures from said memories. Kyle has ''holographic'' memory meaning he can go back and see events as they happened in three dimensional space. This means that he can remember stuff he ''didn't actually see'' because it happened either behind his back or in a blind spot. Yes, this is as ridiculous as it sounds
* Adam Rove, from ''Series/JoanOfArcadia''.
* Charlie Andrew has this as her superpower on ''Series/{{Heroes}}''. [[spoiler: And since Sylar kills her to steal this power, it can be assumed he has this now.]]
** Except [[spoiler:Hiro changes the past, so Sylar no longer has this power]].
* Malcolm from ''Series/MalcolmInTheMiddle'' recalls every item stolen from a home robbery after inadvertently abetting the thief. Much to the chagrin of the victims, who were counterfeiters.
** In a different episode he looked at two credit cards for a few seconds, remembered the numbers perfectly, then performed math using the numbers on them.
** His intelligence is actually discovered this way: he reels off everything that's wrong with a doctored psychotherapy image after taking only a momentary glance at it before knocking it aside (he's supposed to look at it for 60 seconds), because he was irritated and in a hurry, indicating a combination of eidetic memory, SherlockScan-like attention to detail, and super-fast reasoning abilities.
%%* TJ Henderson from ''Series/TheSmartGuy''.
* Gibson Kafka, a bartender on the short-lived ''Series/BirdsOfPrey'', has eidetic memory as his metahuman ability.
%%* Edgar Stiles, from ''Series/TwentyFour''.
* Luke Smith from ''Series/TheSarahJaneAdventures'' displays the ability to remember incredibly long number sequences - in ''Mona Lisa's Revenge'', he is explicitly stated to have an eidetic memory.
%%* Marshall Flinkman from ''Series/{{Alias}}''.
* Most Immortals on the TV series ''Series/{{Highlander}}'' were shown as possessing total recall. Methos was the exception because of MySkullRunnethOver due to his being 5000 years old, and apparently unable to clearly remember anything before then.
* Early 00s show ''Series/PushNevada'' had the protagonist playing chess without a board against two convicts.
* ''Series/QuantumLeap'': Sam has an eidetic memory, which may derive from his Doc Savage-inspired character; this was stated in the episode "Catch A Falling Star". In the episode "Trilogy Part 3", season 5 episode 10, he also says, "I have a photographic memory," approximately two-thirds through the episode.
** Unfortunately his memories are jumbled by the time jumps, so you can never be sure in any given episode how much of his memory he can access.
* An early episode of ''Series/MissionImpossible'' revolves around a "guest spy" with eidetic memory, which he demonstrates by flipping through a phone book, then reciting a random page. Subsequent episodes reveal that Rollin and especially Cinnamon are able to memorize scads of information in a short span of time, but it's not implied that they have eidetic memory.
** "The Mind of Stefan Miklos" featured a KGB operative with an eidetic memory, sent to the U.S. to contact a defecting CIA agent and verify the accuracy of the information he's selling. Phelps and his team had to pull off a ridiculously complex series of con games in order to trick the guy.
* Lexie Grey from ''Series/GreysAnatomy''. Which definitely helps in recalling obscure medical texts with even more obscure diseases and medical problems in order to diagnose patients. And she aced her residency exam. The other characters occasionally refer to her as a ''Lexipedia''!
* Rory Gilmore from ''Series/GilmoreGirls'', in ridiculous extents according to one account she gives Logan.
%%* Jane Seever in ''Series/{{Life}}''.
* Hideyuki Kagawa/Alternative Zero in ''Series/KamenRiderRyuki'' had a photographic memory, which he could use to memorise (and therefore counter) attack patterns in rival Riders. However, he sees it as something of an annoyance: after catching an accidental glimpse of Shiro Kanzaki's plans, he is unable to forget about them, which, as he sees Kanzaki's plans as flawed and unethical, practically forces him to do something about it.
* Rico on ''Series/HannahMontana'' has a photographic memory, which explains why he skipped several grades.
* Scorpius of ''Series/{{Farscape}}'' possesses a phenomenal memory, capable of recalling wormhole equations he saw for less than a second.
* ''HolmesAndYoyo'': Police robot Yoyo does not only have literally photographic memory, he can even make prints of it. Push his nose and a polaroid pops out of his breast pocket. Strangely enough he does not seem able to access an image in memory, he has to print it out and look at it with his eyes even if it's just to verify that he's seen something.
* Glenn Garth Gregory, played by Laurence Luckinbill in ''TheDelphiBureau'', could remember everything he'd ever seen.
* Olivia Dunham from ''{{Series/Fringe}}''. [[spoiler: Olivia's counterpart from the alternate universe does not, however, have this talent (making it one of the ways that the two characters can be distinguished). ]]
* ''Series/{{Unforgettable}}'' is all about a detective who has a photographic memory. Her ability to keep replaying and reexamining a memory for previously unnoticed details is key in solving the murder in the pilot episode.
** A key element of the show is that even with her amazing memory she is not immune from TraumaInducedAmnesia as she cannot remember the day when her sister was murdered and she found the body.
** In an amusing bit of stunt casting, Carrie's aunt, who was worried she was developing Alzheimer's, was played by Marilu Henner who is one of the rare people with the ability in real life.
* ''Series/{{Nikita}}'': According to Amanda, [[BigBad Percy]] has eidetic memory.
* Mike Ross of ''Series/{{Suits}}'' remembers every word of every book he's ever read and every fact he's ever come across. Before he got into the fake lawyering gig he used to memorize tests and sell the answers. It's what got him kicked out of school.
** A few times we're shown him recalling (in black-and-white, for some reason) a scene in order to quickly notice an obscure detail he missed, such as the picture of Louis's nephew that just happened to be hanging in the Harvard admissions office when Mike came in to ask about a tour.
* {{Series/Sherlock}} is revealed to be able to remember anything, provided he can find it in his “memory palace."
** Charles Augustus Magnussen, the villain of series three, might just have Sherlock beat. He's a professional blackmailer who can recall the "pressure point" of anyone important in a few seconds. [[spoiler: Rather than using hard copies, he simply has all his leverage memorised and tucked away in his own mind palace.]]
** The same trick is used by Patrick Jane in ''Series/TheMentalist''; it is explicitly the result of considerable training and practice, not an innate ability.
* Olive in ''ANTFarm'' has a perfect memory as her talent.
* An episode of ''Series/{{Flashpoint}}'' revolved around a man with this ability, but who considered it CursedWithAwesome. Not only did it get him coerced by the villains of the piece into memorizing secret documents for them, but the sheer volume of memories he'd accumulated had become so overwhelming that he'd retreated into total seclusion to avoid building more of them.
* In ''Series/TheBletchleyCircle'', Lucy is a page-at-a-glance reader capable of memorizing an entire book of facts and figures in a single sitting.
* In ''Series/LondonsBurning'', one firefighter is nicknamed "Recall" due to having a photographic memory, which he demonstrates by memorizing an entire page of a book in one reading and then [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QL_DVNHbyxY reciting it]].
* Kiera Cameron in ''Series/{{Continuum}}'' has a CMR computer chip embedded in her brain that, when linked to the cameras in her eyes, is able to record everything that she sees, hears, and smells. She can later go back and review the recorded information as if she was actually experiencing it again. She can look at the images again using different wavelength filters to get new information (such as when she saw a man walking across a parking garage pulling a large trunk, she was able to go back and review it in infrared and determine that a person was tied up inside the trunk).
* Ichabod of ''Series/SleepyHollow'' specifically claims to have "eidetic memory" -- Abby says he has "photographic memory", but he obviously wouldn't refer to it that way since [[FishOutOfTemporalWater he's from a pre-photography era]]. ([[AnachronismStew Too bad "eidetic" wasn't used in this sense until well into the 20th century...]])
* ''Series/BronBroen'': Henrik appears to have this; in one episode, he scans a crime scene, and, when questioned, says he is making a mental map. He can spontaneously recall details from files he has read, from crime scenes, and license plates he has seen briefly. He is visibly frustrated when a colleague cannot instantly recall a license plate number like he can.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Most role-playing games will have a way for a character to have a perfect memory. Benefits might include anything from being able to remember tiny details of a previous encounter or scene without a roll to being able to ask the DM for information he had given to the character but that you forgot to write down.
** Of particular note is the ''TabletopGame/NewWorldOfDarkness'', where Eidetic Memory (Of the remember anything you've ever bothered to variety) is a 2-Dot merit. For reference a starting PC gets a free 7 dots of merits, making this an extremely useful merit that is picked up by nearly EVERY non-physical character, and several physical. Along with this is Encyclopedic Knowledge, where a character is entitled to a roll to know anything through random happenstance. As this is a 4-Dot merit, it's quite common for a person to pick up both of these at character creation to have a character who remembers everything that has happened to him and some things that didn't.
** In ''TabletopGame/{{Nobilis}}'', the Aspect score governs memory (as well as general physical and mental ability). At Aspect 2, characters can remember everything they've ever seen or heard, though weaker characters can easily gain this advantage temporarily if necessary. At Aspect 6, characters are capable of memorizing ''everything ever written''.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' has Lukas Bastonne, a famed Sergeant of the Cadian Shock Troops. His eidetic memory allows him to recall all of his combat experiences with clarity and keep a clear image of ever-shifting battlefields, making him an excellent tactician. [[BlessedWithSuck It also causes him to vividly remember every single soldier]] [[TheChainsOfCommanding who has ever died under his command]].
** 40k roleplay games such as ''TabletopGame/BlackCrusade'' have the Total Recall talent that allows this. Depending on the game, it may be available only some player classes, such as tech-priests who are implied get it through implants.
* In ''TabletopGame/MageTheAwakening'', one of the abilities available to advanced members of the Mysterium (collectors of magical lore) is the ability to have an Eidetic Memory for any facts related to the Mysterium (which depending on ST interpretation, can be a fairly broad definition).
* The ''TabletopGame/UnknownArmies'' sourcebook distinguishes between "photographic memory" and "eidetic memory", defining them for the purposes of the game as (respectively) the ability to consciously look at a scene for a moment and recall everything about it, and the ability to recall the gist of anything they have ever read.
* In ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}}'' Photographic Memory is flawless and effortless while Eidetic Memory requires an IQ roll (hard thinking) to work properly.
** At least in some editions (e.g. 3rd) it can also verge on being a bit of a GameBreaker because it cuts the cost of "regular" (non-magic or -psi) mental skills simply in half or even down to one-quarter normal. This can be balanced to some extent by starting point totals (Eidetic Memory itself isn't cheap) and by how much emphasis the campaign puts on using ''physical'' skills like just about all combat ones as well.
* In ''MutantsAndMasterminds'', the Eidetic Memory feat allows one to, in addition to having perfect recall, resist mind-wiping attempts more easily.
* Photographic Memory is an Epic Intelligence Knack in ''TabletopGame/{{Scion}}''. The "look at something once and remember it forever" version of this is justified in that, well, the person with the trait is either a god-in-training or some other variety of supernatural being. This gets downright vicious when combined with Scire (the Atlantean Purview) or other "learn something and then forget it" powers - normally you forget what you learn from these powers when they wear off, but the book specifically states you ''don't'' if you have Photographic Memory.
* ''TabletopGame/EclipsePhase'' has eidetic memory and mnemonic augmentation available as [[BioAugmentation bioware]] and cyberware, respectively. There is also an eidetic memory trait that can be part of the character's ego and thus [[BrainUploading transferable]] to [[BodyBackupDrive new]] [[BodySurf morphs]].
* TabletopGame/YuGiOh: The "Spellbook Libraries" are full of the knowledge of Light and Darkness respectively, using magical energy itself as a medium to record information. As the manager of both these "Spellbook Libraries", "Spellbook Magician of Prophecy" has stored all of their knowledge within his own brain. Because of this, he is able to manifest "Spellbook" data into physical form by himself.
* ''TabletopGame/HcSvntDracones'' has two "once-per-session" science-based Focus abilities that work like this. "Read a Book!" allows a character to recall reading or hearing about some relevant bit of information, while Eidetic Memory acts like photographic reflexes.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AnotherCode'': Ashley Mizuki Robbins has a ridiculously good memory, able to recall from before the age of three, albeit with some form of trigger. A good portion of the plot is helping her remember those events, as they have relevance to what's happening in the present.
* The ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' Alakazam (and presumably its pre-evolutions) possesses a photographic memory, apparently because its system can replace lost neurons and have them undergo mitosis (the brain cells of your typical eumetazoan [[note]]any animal that isn't a sponge or the amoeba-like ''Trichoplax''[[/note]] cannot do either).
* The ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' series has Hieda no Akyu, who [[{{Reincarnation}} reincarnates]] with the perfect memory of her former reincarnation and, over her life, has photographic memory; she is the ninth reincarnation of the Child of Miare, tracing back 1200 years. She [[LiteraryAgentHypothesis wrote, compiled, and edited]] the [[WorldBuilding character]] [[AllThereInTheManual compendiums]] ''Perfect Memento in Strict Sense'' and ''Symposium of Post-mysticism'', which are portions of an unreleased larger volume of in-series work called the ''Gensokyo Chronicles''.
* Drells and salarians in ''Franchise/MassEffect'' have both this ability: Salarians remember every piece of information they've ever read or heard, but drells can't fully control their ability, having spontaneous flashbacks if their nerves get enough stimulation for it. Needless to say, [[BlessedWithSuck the memories they see aren't necessarily the good ones...]] or they can be very pleasant, [[PowerPerversionPotential and it becomes more than useful during lonely nights.]] On the other hand, even with the lonely nights entertainment, it's noted that some drell can end up so wrapped up in those good memories that they stop interacting with the external world.
** Kasumi's mission shows that humans can obtain this ability through technology, namely a [[NeuralImplanting neural implant]] called a "greybox" that stores neural memory like a flash drive. Kasumi has one, as did her late partner, Keiji, and recovering Keiji's greybox is the goal of Kasumi's loyalty mission.
* Officer Nick Brick of LegoIsland has one.
* ''VideoGame/{{Moebius}}'': Protagonist Malachi Rector has this trait, which apparently proves quite useful in evaluating antiques.
* Bladewolf from ''Videogame/MetalGearRisingRevengeance'', unusually for a robot, averts this. His neural network was designed to work like an organic human brain and thus has the same limitations. Bladewolf admits that he's actually worse at remembering faces than the average human.
* During the [[MagicalSociety Mage's Guild]] questline in ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsOnline'', [[TheArchmage Shalidor]] is revealed to have this through use of a spell, though it is limited to written texts. [[spoiler: At the end of the questline he grants this ability to the player, expanding their Lore Library.]]

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* One of the characters in the MurderMystery VisualNovel ''VisualNovel/{{Jisei}}'' can perfectly recite the prices of cafe menu items, since he remembers everything he sees, smells, or hears in a location. His eidetic memory helps [[spoiler:fool the main character into believing that he is a regular at the cafe when it is actually his first time there]].

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* People of the Mute tribe in ''Webcomic/GiftsOfWanderingIce'' have photograpic memories. They also draw wery well and reproduce images of ancient objects and places in perfect detail which therefore do not fade in their collective memory over generations.
* Artie from ''Webcomic/{{Narbonic}}'' is said to have an eidetic memory, but although this is the subject of a few jokes it's never a plot point. Possibly justified by Artie being a product of genetic engineering.
* Misho from ''Webcomic/KeychainOfCreation'' has the variant that pairs it with amnesia; justified in that he's essentially a demigod and his memory runs on magic. His perfect memory extends even into his previous life. In fact, his memory is a ''curse''; to learn magic, he sacrificed his Ignorance.
* The eponymous heroine of ''Webcomic/{{Mindmistress}}'' has complete recall of all of her memories. Unfortunately, that includes every childhood nightmare, which makes her vulnerable to certain psychic attacks.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In the Literature/WhateleyUniverse, Carmilla (Sara Waite) has eidetic memory. This is because she's not human: she's mostly demon, and her cellular structure is closer to a living cancer than anything else modern medicine knows about. She knows how many grains of salt were spilled on the table that morning, etc.
** Some other students at the SuperheroSchool Whateley Academy have photographic memories: it's a common ability of high-level Exemplars.
* Strong Bad of ''WebAnimation/HomestarRunner'' admits of having an ''un''photographic memory in the Strong Bad Email "highschool", and that his is more "[[ArtShift like a doodle memory]].
* In ''Literature/LovelaceOneTwo'', whatever granted Andi her SuperIntelligence also made her remember everything she ever observed -- even a television show her au pair was watching when she was five-and-a-half.
-->''Five years, seven months, eight days'' she didn't say, though it was on the tip of her tongue.
* Jeanette of ''Literature/FunnyBusiness'' not only ''can'' recall everything she's ever experienced, she ''has'' to, since [[spoiler: her world was created by her thoughts.]]
* Jamie, from ''Literature/{{Twig}}'', has a perfect memory as a result of extensive modifications made to his brain shortly after birth, allowing him to rapidly piece together disparate details and facts. However, his ability to apply this information is hampered by being relatively slow to react to present events and his status as the NonActionGuy, meaning he mostly functions as MrExposition for his team, though there are exceptions, such as when he identifies the family names of every member of a crowd of people in order to inform them, individually, that their family members have been killed to provoke them to riot.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Ben Tennyson of the ''WesternAnimation/{{Ben 10}}'' franchise has photographic memory as he was able to remember the runes on the Door to Anywhere after seeing them just once. He does not apply his photographic memory to schoolwork though.
* Jimmy Neutron from ''JimmyNeutronBoyGenius''.
* ComicBook/LexLuthor on ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague Unlimited'', as revealed in the episode "Panic in the Sky".
-->'''Batman:'''...and I suspect you have a photographic memory.
-->'''Luthor:''' [[BlatantLies I'm too modest to boast.]]
* Ingrid Third in ''{{Fillmore}}'', who is taken by a genius because of that.
* Sonia from ''SonicUnderground'' claimed to have photographic memory.
* Brother Blood from ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans'', implied to be a side-effect of his PsychicPowers. After looking at Cyborg's blueprints, he was able to months later not only copy the technology, but adapt it to various weapons ({{BFG}}s, robot armies, [[BodyHorror himself]]...)
* An old Russian cartoon involves a man visited at night by an alien, who grants him certain abilities, including telepathy, eidetic memory, X-ray vision, the ability to read a closed book in a second, and mad math skills. One interesting scene involves him walking by a book seller, who is advertising a brand-new novel. He glances at it and says he has read better. When the people complain that he couldn't possibly have read the book, he has them pick a page at random and have him recall it from memory. He recites the words verbatim, including a a line-wrapped word from the previous page. He ends up losing these powers by accident at the end when he tells a couple of thieves "Game over", which is actually the code phrase implanted by the alien in case the man doesn't like his gift.
* In one ''RockyAndBullwinkle'' arc, Bullwinkle demonstrated the ability to remember everything he ever ate during his lifetime. When he ate a banana on which Boris Badenov had written a secret formula he had stolen, Bullwinkle was able to recite the formula by memory (although he didn't have any idea what it was).
* Pinkie Pie of ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' has a truly phenomenal memory for details, ranging from the precise date of everypony in town's birthday, exact time and location for every single party she throws, literary content down to the page number from a book she barely glanced, to being able to literally recognise a duplicate of an image she saw for less than a second. (It doesn't mean she can perfectly recall everything she remembers; in "Party of One" she was so wrapped up planning an "after-birthday" party for her pet alligator she totally forgot ''her own'' birthday.)
* In ''WesternAnimation/SpidermanTheAnimatedSeries'', Felicia Hardy's father was a notorious cat burglar with a photographic memory. As a youth he was duped by the ComicBook/RedSkull into spying on the SuperSoldier project that created ComicBook/CaptainAmerica and he memorized the SuperSerum formula. When he was later tried for his crimes, ComicBook/NickFury took him into S.H.I.E.L.D. custody to keep the secret safe. Even decades later he remembers the formula perfectly.
* Mysto from ''WesternAnimation/{{Mixels}}'' has a literal one. He's able to create an aura sphere and flip through memories of his past like a slide show.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Highly Superior Autobiographical Memory (HSAM), also known as hyperthymesia, is the talent to recall extremely specific personal (i.e. autobiographical) data. This does not extend outside of the self - so for instance, they may remember what they wore on a specific day of the week, but they wouldn't remember what was going on in the news that day unless it impacted them personally in some way. However, people who exhibit this trait also appear to exhibit symptoms of hoarding and OCD-like symptoms, and it is suggested that the actual cause for their extremely good personal recall (and their inability to recall other facts about those dates) is related - because they constantly reinforce their memories, via diary entries and keeping objects and obsession with dates, they reinforce these memories.
* Young children have very strong, short-term recall; chimpanzees may as well. It is not known why humans lose this ability, but it may be because as they develop speech and other things, they need to use their brain for things other than memorizing the world around them; it is possible that some humans with extremely good short-term recall may have never lost this ability, or have regained it via practice.
* Stephen Wiltshire is an autistic man who can take a helicopter ride over a city and draw very detailed pictures of what he saw, producing panoramas in the days after his flights. They are not "perfect", but are quite accurate, often down to the number of windows and columns visible on various buildings.