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[[caption-width-right:350:At least there's still a bit of overlap...[[note]]For those interested, inside the intersection of the circles lies the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, the Democratic Republic of Timor-Lest, the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, the People's Republic of Bangladesh, and the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal--and the last two have had some trouble staying in the overlap.[[/note]]]]

->'''Sir Humphrey:''' East Yemen, isn't that a democracy?\\
'''Foreign Office Official:''' Its full name is the Peoples' Democratic Republic of East Yemen.\\
'''Sir Humphrey:''' Ah I see, so it's a communist dictatorship.
-->-- ''Series/YesMinister''
%% One quote per page is sufficient. Please use the Quotes sub-page for additional entries.

When TheEmpire tries to masquerade as TheFederation, it will often adopt a democratic-sounding name in the process. But often it will go overboard, unable to restrain its own sense of self-importance.

While the true federations around it will usually possess simple, unassuming names -- TheFederation, The Republic, etc. -- the People's Republic of Tyranny will call itself the People's Republic. If they are ''really'' evil and oppressive, they'll call the nation the ''Democratic'' People's Republic. Indeed, the more words [[SuspiciouslySpecificDenial implying freedom]] the name of this "republic" sports, the more oppressive and generally ''un''-free it is likely to be.

Some regimes will continue this ThemeNaming to important buildings and organizations. As a corollary, be wary of any movement, government, or country that is casually referred to by its leaders as "[[GloriousLeader Glorious]]."

The leaders might be cultivating themselves as a VillainWithGoodPublicity. Or they may genuinely believe that their society is genuinely democratic, even more so than (so called) real democracies. Who knows; if they give everyone BreadAndCircuses and are RepressiveButEfficient, people might not even care.

TruthInTelevision: North Korea, for example, is officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and it is one of the most repressive, totalitarian governments in the world.

A form of {{Newspeak}}. A subtrope of SuperHappyFunTropeOfDoom. Definitely NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast if you can. Given [[SecretPolice what these governments]] [[StateSec tend to have at their disposal]], that's a big "if." It is often headed by TheGeneralissimo and/or JustTheFirstCitizen. If they go so far as to have "elections", see CorruptPolitician. If it's the "Republic" part that's doubtful, see HereditaryRepublic.

Compare BananaRepublic, DayOfTheJackboot, and ANaziByAnyOtherName. See also DoubleSpeak and SuspiciouslySpecificDenial.


* PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny/{{Literature}}
* PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny/RealLife


[[folder:Comic Books]]
* The Spanish comic ''ComicBook/MortadeloYFilemon'' had Tirania, land of peace. "Peaceful" meaning that if you try to start anything in such a place, the secret police [[{{Unperson}} "disappear" you.]] [[RefugeInAudacity That does preserve the peace...]]

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/LordOfWar'': [[DiscussedTrope Discussed]] when Yuri visits a group of "Freedom Fighters" in war-torn Sierra Leone to discuss an arms deal.
-->'''Yuri:''' Every faction in Africa calls themselves by these noble names -- Liberation this, Patriotic that, Democratic Republic of something-or-other. I guess they can't own up to what they usually are: a federation of worse oppressors than the last bunch of oppressors. Often, the most barbaric atrocities occur when both combatants proclaim themselves freedom-fighters.
* The Federation in ''Film/StarshipTroopers'', the full name of which [[AllThereInTheManual according to background material]] is apparently the "United Citizens' Federation". Whatever else it is, it's clearly not a federation, since power lies with a highly centralized military bureaucracy; the effective head of the state appears to be the Sky Marshal. Only Citizens (which is a privileged status one has to earn; there are a few ways to do this, but military service is the easiest, as the news films proudly declare "SERVICE GUARANTEES CITIZENSHIP") are allowed to vote, you need a license to breed (Citizens can obtain a license more easily), murderers are arrested, tried and executed the same day, the media is nothing but government-owned propaganda, and everyone is '''horribly''' desensitized to violence. That said, things don't seem ''too'' bad for non-Citizens, though we only see the wealthy ones.
* Bane [[spoiler:turns Gotham City into this]] during ''Film/TheDarkKnightRises'', complete with {{Kangaroo Court}}s reminiscent of the French Revolution (this link is quite explicit, as Commissioner Gordon actually quotes ''Literature/ATaleOfTwoCities'' at one point, and in an interview, we learn that Jonathan Nolan actually encouraged Christopher Nolan to read the book while he was writing the script). The wealthy are dragged out of their homes by angry mobs of armed criminals and summarily sentenced to death by a kangaroo court led by [[spoiler:Jonathan Crane... a.k.a. the Scarecrow]], who icily informs every defendant that "Your guilt has already been determined; this is merely a sentencing," where it turns out that [[MortonsFork both sentences are actually the same thing]]. Bane declares that this is a "liberation" and that he's a champion of "the people." [[spoiler:The audience isn't fooled, as he already made his ''real'' nature painfully clear to Batman earlier in the film.]]
* ''Franchise/StarWars'':
** The Galactic Republic in the prequels. As the Clone Wars drag on, the Republic becomes a military dictatorship in all but name. Palpatine becomes the only voice of authority and all worlds have a regiment of clone troopers for "protection." When he finally declares the formation of [[TheEmpire the First Galactic Empire]], it's really just a formal change in name.
** The Confederacy of Independent Systems, in various materials, is established as having been founded on the ideal of breaking away from the corruption of the Old Republic and founding a freer society. In point of fact, it was founded by a group of {{Mega Corp}}s and two Sith Lords, one of whom was Palpatine. Pretty much every story featuring them portrayed them as somewhere between a BananaRepublic and the Legion of Doom. Given the name "Confederacy" is shared with [[UsefulNotes/AmericanCivilWar a real historical breakaway of questionable morals]], the points made may or may not be allusions to that particular phase of American history.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/TwentyFour'': The Islamic Republic of Kamistan has the trope averted: they are a functioning democracy, albeit one plagued by instability (making them sort of a stand-in for UsefulNotes/{{Pakistan}} since Musharraf's resignation).
* ''Series/ThirtyRock'': Jack refers to UsefulNotes/SanFrancisco as "The People's Gaypublic of Drugafornia".
* ''Series/{{Angel}}'': Possible AvertedTrope. The Groosalugg is exiled from Pylea once it becomes (as Gunn described it), "some kind of people's republic". Although this is a reference to what often happens in the sort of failed revolution that often produces people's republics (i.e., old revolutionaries are branded traitors for disagreeing with the faction that wins), we never find out what Pylea is now like.
* ''Series/{{Flash Gordon|2007}}'': Ming's authoritarian state is called "The United Peoples of Mongo".
* ''Series/MissionImpossible'': Whenever the team was off to Eastern Europe, it was usually operating in the People's Republic of Something.
* ''Series/ThePrisoner'': the Village is allegedly run by the Citizens' Council (which is always referred to by the administration as "''your'' Citizens' Council"), and the various Number Twos are always quick to loudly proclaim the Village's democratic nature. In reality, the Citizens' Council is a bunch of brainwashed mental vegetables who rubber-stamp whatever the current Number Two says and the post of Number Two itself is seen filled by a rigged election whose results are overturned as soon as they no longer serve the purposes of the Village's true rulers.
* ''Series/{{QI}}'': In one episode, Jimmy Carr joked that countries describing themselves as 'the Democratic Republic of...' rarely live up to their name. Conversely, a country describing itself as 'the Fascist Junta' should be respected for its honesty.
* ''Series/{{Revolution}}'': The Monroe Republic is implied to be this, considering that their military force consist of militias who force their citizens to pay taxes with food. Given this throwback to feudalism, and with Monroe leading what appears to be nothing more than a military dictatorship, it's a republic in name only. "[[Recap/RevolutionS1E14TheNightTheLightsWentOutInGeorgia The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia]]" shows that the Georgia Federation seems to be a much better place to live, with steam-powered technology, wealth, international trade, and commerce. The episodes "[[Recap/RevolutionS1E15Home Home]]", "[[Recap/RevolutionS1E16TheLoveBoat The Love Boat]]", and "[[Recap/RevolutionS1E17TheLongestDay The Longest Day]]" show that the Plains Nation is essentially made up of nomadic tribes living like Plains Indians, but without the racist implications. The friendliness in that area depends on the tribe you encounter.
* ''Series/YesMinister'': Lampshaded this, with "East Yemen" [[NoCommunitiesWereHarmed playing the role of]] the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, better known as South Yemen, which (much the way West Virginia is north of Virginia) was geographically east of the Yemen Arab Republic/"North Yemen".
* ''Series/RedDwarf:'' Though it's never named, the totalitarian state in the Despair Squid's hallucination has the trappings of one of these. There are election posters which reveal that the Fascist party has been in power for ''three straight decades.'' A black-suited government agent attempts to shoot a child for stealing "an apple of the people" and addresses the crew as "voters." Then Lister is revealed to be the Voter-Colonel, who purges people in order to "purify" the voter rolls.

[[folder:Pro Wrestling]]
* The "era-specific title" of [[Wrestling/{{WWE}} John Laurinaitis's]] regime as general manager of both ''[[Wrestling/WWERaw Raw]]'' and ''[[Wrestling/WWESmackdown Smackdown]]'' is called "[[BlatantLies People Power]]".

* An episode of ''Radio/ThinkTheUnthinkable'' featured the team at Unthinkable Solutions scheduled to meet with the Minister of Finance for the fictional African state of Nambitrea.
-->'''Sophie:''' Formerly the Democratic Republic of Nambitrea, when it was Communist.\\
'''Ryan:''' And before that it was the Nambitrean People's Republic, when it was Fascist.\\
'''Sophie:''' [[UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire And before that it was called New Devon, when it was completely owned by Lord Brinkworth.]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* In the ''TabletopGame/BattleTech'' universe, the five major states are called the Lyran Commonwealth, the Draconis Combine, the Federated Suns, the Capellan Confederation, and the Free Worlds League. The galaxy's GoldenAge came about under the rule of the Star League, which was brought down by the machinations of the Rim Worlds Republic. ''All'' of these states are [[FeudalFuture feudal monarchies]].\\\
But not all are exactly tyrannies. The Federated Suns and the Lyran Commonwealth, for ex, are relatively civilized and mostly law-governed places, the power of the monarch is not absolute in practice, even if it is in theory (they are not figureheads, but neither realm is a despotism, either). The Draconis Combine, OTOH, most certainly ''is'' an iron militarism, with harsh regimentation and all the nasty appurtances of a police state. The Free World League barely holds together, and Capella is somewhere in between the civilized monarchies and Draconia in terms of its freedom and decency rating with some authors portraying it as fairly free and others portraying it as extremely oppressive. Nor were the rulers of the collapsed Star League absolute monarchs, though they were most certainly monarchs. The applicability of the trope varies here.\\\
The Free Rasalhague Republic was ruled by a Prince [[ElectiveMonarchy elected by Parliament]] during its brief existence. After conquest by Clan Ghost Bear the Rasalhague Dominion managed to maintain some of its' democratic features, under the Clan's rule of course. Helped by their first Prince's son getting taken as a Bondsman and fighting his way up to saKhan of Clan Ghost Bear, and then being elected Prince himself.
* One of the example factions in ''Tomorrow's War'' is the Democratic People's Republic of Glory, "Glory" is the only part of the name that isn't a blatant lie, and only because it's the name of the planet they colonized. Their main enemy on Glory is the simply named Republic of Arden and their terrestrial allies include the PRC and Brazil (whose army is known as the "Brazilian National Liberation Army").
* ''TabletopGame/EclipsePhase'' has the Jovian Republic...known to the entire outer system as the Jovian Junta, a repressive anti-transhuman state that views humanity as [[ScienceIsBad being far too immature to use Pandora gates or transhumanist technology safely]], and accuses virtually every other power bloc in the setting of TranshumanTreachery.

* The well-known line "The first thing we do, let's kill all the lawyers" (''[[Creator/WilliamShakespeare Henry VI, Part II]]'') is set in a less well-known context of the speaker's intention to tear down the existing social order and make himself a dictator:
--> '''Cade:''' I thank you, good people -- there shall be no money; all shall eat and drink on my score, and I will apparel them all in one livery, that they may agree like brothers, and worship me their lord.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The Commonwealth in ''[[VideoGame/RedFaction Red Faction II]]''. A commonwealth being essentially a republic, this one is nevertheless ruled by a dictator[[spoiler:, then by another after a coup]]. The player can remedy this.
* An in-joke revolving around ''VideoGame/UruAgesBeyondMyst'' is that DRC -- the D'ni Restoration Council, the in-character face of the game company -- secretly stands for the Democratic Republic of Channelwood.
* The Democratic Republic of Sahrani from ''VideoGame/{{ARMA}} : Armed Assault''. Also, [[{{Ruritania}} Chernarus]] from ''VideoGame/{{ARMA}} II'' is a former bearer of this trope (and a certain political faction wants to return the country to that state). [[VideoGame/DayZ Then the zombies happened.]]
* In the ''Franchise/{{Fallout}}'' franchise, the United States became this, under the corruption of a shadow-government cabal of fanatical, authoritarian, red-baiting right wing oligarchs called the Enclave.
** ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'' has The Republic Of Dave, which teeters on this trope. It's not too bad a place, but President Dave will have visitors shot if they don't address him properly, legalised presidential bigamy so he could have another wife, teaches incorrect facts in school, and has convinced everyone he is the only viable candidate, so even though they hold regular elections, they only have one choice, unless the player passes a speech check to convince them otherwise (and even then you have to commit electoral fraud to get someone else elected, as Dave will declare the incumbent (himself) the winner in case of a tie). The place used to be the Kingdom of Ted before Dave ousted his father in a coup, believing that a republic is better. If his son, Bob, wins the election, he will turn the place into the Empire of Bob and become isolationist. (According to background material, this same process has gone on for several generations.)
* In one developer demo for ''VideoGame/{{Tropico}} 4'', the dev says "This island is the People's Democratic Republic of Tropico, which isn't democratic, isn't a republic and isn't for the people." Also in the game itself, where the PlayerCharacter's election slogan is: ''Vote El Presidente. [[ImpliedDeathThreat Or Else]].''
* In ''Franchise/MassEffect'', despite the Batarian government styling itself as a ''[[HegemonicEmpire Hegemony]]'', no-one in Citadel Space buys it.
* The Minmatar Republic of ''VideoGame/{{EVE Online}}'' rides this line to some degree. The Minmatar people, despite being a spacefaring civilisation with a reputation for technological innovation (i.e: building working spaceships out of scrap metal and duct tape), are very fond of their seven ancestral tribes, complete with elders and shamans and all that the word "tribe" might suggest. The current leader of the Minmatar Republic is Chief Maleatu Shakor of the Brutor Tribe, who goes by the title "Sanmatar". His predecessor was Prime Minister Karin Midular, chief of the Sebiestor Tribe. Shakor led the Republic parliament in a vote of no confidence that cost Midular her job, appointed himself Sanmatar when the Republic parliament folded in on itself and fell apart, and the result has been that the Minmatar have slowly worked their way towards a system more akin to a meeting of tribal elders under Shakor's leadership. Whatever the system might be called, it most certainly isn't a republic but they still call it that, presumably for lack of a more accurate term.
* This can be invoked by players of web-based nation-building games like Website/NationStates and CyberNation.
* [[UnderwaterCity Rapture]] in ''VideoGame/{{Bioshock}}'' was built to be a capitalist utopia free from religious and government interference, where anyone can achieve for his/her own gain rather than for the fulfilment of others, and where the artist need not fear the censor and the scientist need not be bound by petty morality. Too bad the man who built it, Andrew Ryan, was also a crazy hyper-capitalist who so strongly believed everyone had to be a SelfMadeMan that he prohibited publicly funded social programs and altruistic charities, so everything in the city was privately owned, [[{{Dehumanization}} the poor were thought of as "parasites"]] and absolutely everything had a price tag on it, even basic necessities like food, water, sanitation and ''oxygen''. This environment of completely unfettered dog-eat-dog economics alienated the worse-off citizens of Rapture and allowed a man named Frank Fontaine to make an absolute killing smuggling contraband from the surface. Ryan could not compete with Fontaine on even terms and this emerging threat to his power base pissed Ryan off to no end, so he founded a SecretPolice force to seize Fontaine Futuristics by force, scuttling his entire philosophy in the process. Ryan didn't know at the time but for the rest of Rapture, this meant that Ryan can seize any business deemed ''too'' profitable, and [[CivilWar this was the last straw]]. Ryan, a man who founded an underwater city built on the ideals of personal liberty, began cracking down ever harder on his citizens - first his police came for the smugglers, then they came for political activists, and eventually they [[AllCrimesAreEqual came for the lounge singers who wrote mildly derisive songs about him]]. In the end, Ryan turned Rapture into a OneNationUnderCopyright NotSoDifferent [[HeWhoFightsMonsters from the collectivist states he so greatly despised]].
* The People’s Alliance for Common Treatment ([[FunWithAcronyms or simply PACT]]) from ''VisualNovel/{{Sunrider}}''. Its leader Veniczar Arcadius is a [[FullCircleRevolution former anti-Imperial revolutionary turned megalomaniacal]] [[GalacticConqueror galaxy-conquering]] [[FullCircleRevolution dictator]] with a cult of personality, and PACT itself is heavily implied to be a communist state with several parallels to Soviet Russia.
* ''VideoGame/{{Planetside}}'': The Terran Republic is in fact a conservative and authoritarian police state seeking to seize control of Auraxis by force and then reestablish contact with Earth. In the first game they also had elements of ThoseWackyNazis and were clearly the bad guys, but for ''2'' this aspect was dropped.
* The less democratic your ''[[VideoGame/OppressiveGames BLOC]]'' nation is, the harder its name tries to pass it off as a bastion of freedom. Authoritarian democracies are named "People's Republic of ___". One-party states are named "Democratic People's Republic of ___". Countries ruled by military junta are named "The Revolutionary Democratic People's Republic of ___". Dictatorships are named "The Great Revolutionary Democratic People's Republic of ___". Actual multi-party republics are simply called "Republic of ___".

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* The website hosting ''Webcomic/LeAvventureDelGrandeDarthVader'' plays with this in an [[http://kewlfilez.altervista.org/manifesto.html article]] where the title character states he "freed" a newsgroup (actually, he just decided to post again into an abandoned newsgroup) and issues a "new manifesto" stating, in order: that the newsgroup is now a "democratic popular republic"; that he owns full legislative, executive and judiciary powers within the newsgroup; that ideas different from his own are always off-topic; and finally that he can delete off-topic messages any time.
* In ''Webcomic/LastRes0rt'', Celigo's full name is the People's Republic of Celigo (often shorted to P.R.O. Celigo). Supposedly it's not a bad place to live... [[FantasticRacism as long as you have wings, anwyay]].
* ''Webcomic/AMiracleOfScience'' has the People's Republic of the Moon, which isn't actually all that bad; it's a drab grey place, but then it was Luna to start with. (It's Venus, with no such nominative pretensions, that you really have to be careful visiting.) Luna is a communist state, whose economy is described in comic as "managed" and "a mess", where consumer goods flow like water (in order to show how prosperous it is) while essentials are often in short supply - everyone has sunglasses, but few have shoes.
* ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick'' [[http://www.giantitp.com/comics/oots0698.html #698]] has a map including a place called "People's Democratic Dictatorship". [[http://www.giantitp.com/comics/oots0759.html There's also the rather bizarre inversion in the form of Tyrinaria]]. Its ruler, Lord Tyrinar the Bloody, was a kind, benevolent man who genuinely wished for peace and prosperity. [[spoiler:[[ManBehindTheMan Tarquin]] disagreed with this idea.]]
* Due to his GlobalIgnorance, [=USA=] mistakes the relatively harmless UsefulNotes/DemocraticRepublicOfTheCongo for one in [[http://i.imgur.com/LKHJgyi.png this]] ''Webcomic/{{Polandball}}'' comic.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''VideoGame/ImperiumNova'': The United Federation of People's Republics, in ''Gemini'', mostly a FantasyCounterpartCulture of the [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]], but with North Korean-style {{nepotism}} thrown in.
* During the Florida vote tabulation snafu between UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush and UsefulNotes/AlGore, ''Website/TheOnion'' ran an article where UsefulNotes/BillClinton took control of the United States and renamed it the "Holy United Imperial Americlintonian Demopublic".

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' near the beginning of the episode "Rodger Codger" is a sign for the fictional country "Republic of Balkavia" when the camera pans down you see that 5 people are hung from it. As a bonus the sign also says "Freedom, Peace, Unity". It turned out to be a CIA training course.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/{{Archer}}'' episode "The Honeymooners", Sterling Archer Lampshades this trope after North Korean agents address their plans to send the captured Archer and Lana back to "The Glorious Democratic People's Republic of Korea".
-->'''Archer:''' It's neither of those things; it isn't democratic, it isn't a republic, and it is definitely not glorious!
** Mallory often uses the sarcastic "People's Republic" epithet when referring to anywhere with a slightly more expansive welfare state than the USA - "The People's Republic of Canada" gets thrown around a lot in reference to their socialised healthcare.
* The Galactic Federation in ''WesternAnimation/RickAndMorty'' apparently has elected leaders, but seems to [[MasterRace reserve all political power for a single species of]] InsectoidAliens, is relentlessly expansionist, and turns its conquered planets into {{Police State}}s with heavy GovernmentDrugEnforcement. [[VichyEarth They conquer Earth in the second season finale]], [[spoiler:and then Rick destroys them entirely in the third season premier by devaluing their currency]].
* ''WesternAnimation/TheTransformers'' has the Socialist Democratic Federated Republic of Carbombya, led by Supreme Military Commander, President-for-Life, and King of Kings Abdul Fakkadi. The horribly offensive stereotyping provoked Casey Kasem to quit the show. That's right; it was a joke so awful and racist that it broke Teletraan 1.